Патент USA US2133501код для вставки
Oct. 18, 1938. W. a EDY 2,133,501 PRINTER‘ S‘ TOOL Filed Nov. 13, 1937 , BY INVENTOR. William C. Edd; ,Q'IATTORNEY. 2,133,501 Patented Oct. 18, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,133,501 PRINTER’S TOOL William C. Edy, Geneva, Ohio Application November 13, 1937, Serial No. 174,393 7 Claims. (Cl. 276-1) This invention relates to the subject of print ing, and has special reference to tools and ap pliances which are used by printers to facilitate the compositor’s work in setting up type. The invention has for its object the provision of a unitary composing or make-up rule which is practically adapted for quickly justifying type forms, for lifting column rule, border rule, page numbers, etc., for lifting cuts or tight slugs in forms, for spreading type to facilitate the inser tion of leads, for removing string'from ads, and for removing burrs from linotype faces; the tool being of such size and shape as to facilitate work in narrow measures and to facilitate the work of pressmen on high leads or work-up type on flat bed presses. I am aware that separate tools for many of the purposes stated have been in use for many years but a multiplicity of tools of this char 20 acter serves to retard rather than expedite the work, and in newspaper o?ices as well as in other printing establishments, it is still the practice to use the ?ngernails, tweezers, toothpicks and pen knives in performing many of the aforesaid operations. These and other objects of the invention will become more apparent and better understood after consideration has been given to the fol lowing detailed description of the invention taken in connection with the drawing which shows, merely by way of illustration, structure adapted for carrying out the objects of the invention. The drawing shows a plan view of the improved tool to which this invention relates. My improved printer’s combination tool is J formed from a single sheet of metal, preferably from a good quality of steel, the body I being thin and substantially ?at, having an elongated straight, sharpened base edge 2 corresponding approximately to the width of a column of type. At one side, the tool is provided with a relatively narrow arm or box heading extension 3, having an edge ‘I, at one corner of which there is pro vided a t pe-lifting hook 4. The tool is pro vided with a straight edge 6 at the side opposite to the arm 3. A hole 5 is provided in the body of the tool for hanging up the tool when it is not in use. The improved tool to which this invention re lates is of such form that it can be made from a single sheet of metal or other material and it can be made by a single operation of a stamping or punching machine, which quickly and econom ically produces the tool. After the tool has been hardened and tempered, 55 stamped out, it may be after which the edge 2 may be ground down to the desired degree of sharpness or the tool may be formed originally from a grade of steel hav ing the desired physical characteristics. In the preferred form of the invention, the body portion of the tool is approximately in the form of a rectangle. This particular form lends itself to convenient holding within the hand of the printer and the tool is so formed that it is equally adapted for both right and left-hand 10 use for any of the purposes stated. In the use of the tool, the body I is used as a make-up rule and the base or edge 2 may be used as a type spreader for inserting one or two point leads for justifying type columns. The edge 3 of the tool may be used for inserting and depressing leads above six pica ems. The edge ‘I of the arm 3 may be used for depressing leads or spaces under six pica ems. The hook 4 may be used to lift column rule and border rule, to remove string from forms and to raise or lift linotype slugs, page numbers, cuts, etc., from snug or tight places. These latter operations are di?icult, if not impossible, to per form with an ordinary make-up rule. The hook 25 4 is also useful for removing burs on linotype faces. It is also possible to use the arm 6 as a screw driver on light work around a linotype machine. The arm or extension 6 constitutes one of the 30 more important features of my invention. This extension enables one to work in narrow meas ures, such as, two, three, four or ?ve and six pica ems without injury to the adjacent type. It also enables a printer or pressman to justify, ‘ make corrections or insert and shove down a thin space above measures, which operation it is practically impossible to perform with an or dinary make-up rule. The foregoing description and the accompany 40 ing drawing to which it relates, describes what might be termed the preferred modes of prac ticing the invention. It is to be clearly under stood, however, that the invention includes each and every novel feature or combination of novel 45 features herein disclosed, subject only to the re strictions of the prior art, and. that the invention may assume other forms and it is not to be limited to the particular and speci?c structure 50 shown and described herein. Having thus described my invention what I claim is: . 1. A printer’s combination tool comprising a relatively thin, flat body portion having a rela tively long, sharpened working edge at one side 2 2,133,501 of the tool and a relatively narrow arm projecting from another side of the tool and having a hook at one corner at the terminal edge of such arm. 2. A printer’s combination tool or make-up rule comprising a single piece of thin ?at metal hav ing a relatively long edge for work in wide meas ures and an extension or arm projecting from the body of the tool and terminating in a rela tively short edge for work in narrow measures. 10 3. As a new article of manufacture, a printer's combination tool adapted to be stamped from ing at right angles from said ?rst mentioned edge for work in narrower measures, and an arm or extension projecting from the body of the tool and having an edge which is shorter than the last-mentioned edge for work in yet narrower 5 measures. 6. A printer’s tool or make-up rule comprising a generally rectangular piece of metal having a relatively long base or edge for work in wide measures, another and shorter edge at right 10 angles to and terminating at one end in said base for work in narrower measures, an arm or sheet metal and comprising a generally rectangu lar make-up rule having a relatively narrow arm; extension opposite to said last-mentioned edge projecting from one side of the body of the rule" with a still shorter edge for work in yet nar 15 and providing a box heading extension with a rower measures, and a hook at one corner of 1 5 type lifting hook at one corner thereof which hook said arm or extension. is also adapted for removing burs from Linotype ‘ 7. A printer’s tool or make-up rule comprising slugs. , a generally rectangular piece of metal having a 4. A printer’s tool or make-up rule comprising relatively long base or edge for Work in wide 20 a generally rectangular piece of metal having'a measures, another and shorter edge at right an- 2 relatively long base or edge for work in‘ wide gles to and terminating at one end in said base 0 measures, another and shorter edge for work in for work in narrower measures, an arm or ex narrower measures, and an arm or extension with tension opposite to said last-mentioned edge with a still shorter edge for work in yet narrower mease 25 ures. 5. A printer’s tool or make-up rule comprising a generally rectangular, thin and ?at piece of metal having a relatively long edge for work in wide measures, another and shorter edge extend a still shorter edge for work in yet narrower measures, a hook at one corner of said arm or 2 extension, and a hole through the body of the rule for hanging up the rule when not in use. WILLIAM C. EDY.