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Патент USA US2133654

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Oct. 18, 1938.
’
_
H, T_ BRlNK
2,133,654
GLASS MELTING FURNACE
Fliled 0ct_ 19, 1936
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INVENTOR.
BY '
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ORNEYS.
2,133,654
Patented Oct. 18, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,133,654
GLASS MELTING FURNACE
Harold T. Brink, Corning, N. Y., assignor to
Corning Glass Works, Corning, N. Y., a cor
poration of New York
Application October 19, 1936, Serial No. 108,473
(Cl; 263-15)
1 Claim.
furnaces and particularly to furnaces of the re
Air is ?rst drawn into the regenerator I!
through the usual tunnel (not shown) and after
generative type using gas for fuel. In such a
passing up through the heated checker-work 2i ,
The present invention relates to glass melting
furnace there is usually provided a plurality or
5 series of regenerative ports and the gas is ordi
narily supplied to the furnace by burners placed
adjacent to and communicating with such ports.
The gas fuel, as it enters the furnace, unites with
and the passages i1 and i8, is delivered through
port it to the vault 22 above the level of the 5
glass or glass producing material 23.
Also communicating with each port it ‘are fuel
intake ports 24, 25 and 28 respectively, arranged
in a. single plane on the bottom 21 of passage ii.
The ports 24 and 25 are provided with valved 10
gas fuel supply pipes 28 and 29 and the central
the heating chamber of the furnace.
'
In a glass melting furnace it is very important or larger port 26 is provided with oppositely dis
that the design of the gas and air intake ports posed valved fuel supply pipes“ 30 and it.
Since the openings of the fuel intake ports
or manifolds be such that a su?lcient volume of ‘
15 gas can be introduced into the furnace and mixed 24, 26, and 26 are arranged beneaththe asso- 15
elated air intake port l8, and further, since the
with a proper volume of air to support combus
tion without causing the propagation of ?ame openings of both the air and fuel intake ports
in the form of a relatively ine?lclent turbulent are faced toward the area to be heated, the fuel
gas is directed on- streams parallel to the air
torch.
stream. The fuel and air accordingly mix with 20
An object of this invention is a furnace struc
20
a minimum of disturbance of the air and fuel
ture in which the burning mixture is so con
currents so that a ?at ribbon-like ?ame is pro
trolled as to propagate a ?at uniformly distrib
uted sheet of ?ame, free from turbulence, over duced. Since the fuel intake ports are supplied
heated air which is being constantly forced or
10 drawn therethrough and ignites and burns in
the area to be heated.
25 > A feature of this invention is a furnace struc
ture having embodied in it horizontally disposed
air intake ports beneath each of which a plu
rality of separately valved fuel intake ports are
arranged above the glass level in the furnace
30 with their openings faced in the same direction
as are the openings of the air intake ports. In the drawing:
' '
Fig. 1 is a transverse section through part of
one of a pair of cooperating regenerators and
86 substantially one-half of a furnace embodying
v the invention;
.
I
-
Pig. 2 is-a sectional view taken on line 2—2
of Fig. 1;
I
-
,
Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 3, illustrating a
modified embodiment of the invention.
The. furnace illustrated is- of the well-known
standard type including‘ a tank having a bottom
46 l2, sidewalls it and a cover arch l4‘, supported
upon a suitable structure ll. Placed in the side-‘
walls just above the glass level are a plurality of
cooperating regenerative ports- I‘. Communi
eating with these ports, by means of passages l1
and II, are the usual regenerators II. The pas
sage l‘l terminates at the port II in the form of '
a rectangular
II (Fig. 3).
supply control.
What I claim is:
,
.
In a giassmelting furnace. a melting tank, a
.
Fig. 3 is a sectional elevation taken on line 3-4
of Fig. 1: and
from separately valved fuel lines, adjustment of
velocity and intensity of the ?ame entering the 25
furnace can be effectively controlled to meet
varying’ velocities of air ?ow. Furthermore, re
gardless of the amount of fuel gas used, the
valves may be adjusted to give uniform fuel dis
30
'tribution over the bottom of the furnace port.
In the embodiment of the invention illustrated
in Fig. 4, the space between ports 24 and 25 is J
further divided by a partition 32, forming the
intake ports 33 and 34. thereby affording a fur
ther refinement of the manifoldlng and fuel-35‘
regenerator ‘structure for supplying preheated
air to the meltingtank through a passage .ex- 40
tendingbetween the regenerator and the melt- '
ing tank, a fuel intake manifold extending across
thepassage with its only opening facing the
tank; other relatively short manifolds arranged
within the passage immediately in front of the 45
respective end portions of said first manifold,
having their only openings facing the tank-and
separately valved fuel lines. connected with the
respective manifolds.
'
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‘EA-BOLD mnanns.
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