Патент USA US2133797код для вставки
Oct. 18, 1938. B. E. BEADLE 2,133,797 ' HAIR CURLER Original‘ Filed July 7, 1934 ENTOR Mywax/GM ATTORNEYS ' 2,133,797 Patented Oct. 18, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,133,797 HAIR CURLER Blanche Elsie Beadle, Spring?eld, Mass. Original application July 7, 1934, Serial -No. 734,071. Divided and this application March. 4, 1937, Serial No. 128,885 8 Claims. (01. 132—41) This invention relates to hair curling devices and has particular reference to devices for rolling up the ends of hair and holding the hair in rolled vention comprises a hair rolling body having a locking member pivoted indirectly at one end to _, one end of the body and bodily movable longi tudinally with respect thereto, so that the free ' ’ Hair. curling devices of this type, known gen- ‘ end of the locking member may be releasably 5 secured to the free end of the body. In one form erally as “end-curlers”, have been made in vari form until it sets. ous forms, all characteristic in that they include a cylindrical body around which the hair is rolled inwardly from its ends, and a locking mem 10 ber'attached to the body at one end and detacha bly connected thereto at its free end for securing the hair in rolled position while the curl sets. Various arrangements have been adopted for detachably connecting the free end of the locking member to the body and these include spring catches which soon lose their resiliency, rubber bands which are rapidly deteriorated by the hair treating oils and compounds used to set the hair, and other forms of connecting means which do not remain effective. In accordance with the present invention, a hair curling device of. the end curler type is pro vided which is free from the aforementioned objections in that the free end of the locking of my new device, a lip is pivoted on the body - for initially clamping the hair prior to the ap plication of the locking member, and the locking member is carried by the lip. The lip is bodily 10 movable longitudinally of the hair. rolling body to carry the locking member into and out ofposi tion for locking its free end to the corresponding end of the hair rolling body. In another form of my invention, the lip is 15 pivoted to the hair rolling body on a hinged pin, and the latter is perforated for the sliding recep tion of. the inner ends of the locking member. The locking member is accordingly movable bodily of the hair rolling body in a longitudinal ~20 direction to move the free end thereof into and out of locking relation with the free end of the hair rolling body. Alternatively, only one con nection between the locking member and the member is positively secured to the body without pivot pin may be employed. the use of spring latches, rubber bands or the like, and in such a way that it cannot be de made of metal or of a non-metallic material, tached except intentionally. In addition, the new hair curler is durable and does not lose its effectiveness upon exposure to hair treating com pounds. , In the new hair curling device the lock between the body and the free end of the locking member is obtained by a relative longitudinal bodily movement between the body and the pivoted member. This relative movement enables look ing cooperation between the corresponding free ends of the body and the locking member, pref erably by the insertion of a part of. the locking member in the end of the body or vice versa, so that a positive lock is made at an angle to the direction of the closing and opening movements of the pivoted locking member. Elastic bands and spring latches are accordingly dispensed with, and a positive but readily releasable lock is provided between the locking member and the body. This application is a division of my application Serial No. ‘734,071, ?led July '7, 1934, ‘which dis 50 closes several forms of my new hair curling de vice. The device of the present application is characterized in that the locking member is con nected indirectly to the hair rolling body in such a ‘way that it can pivot with respect thereto. $6 More particularly, the device of the presentin 25 The hair rolling body of the new device may be such as rubber, or metal covered with rubber. It will be seen that a hair curling device made in accordance with the present invention over comes the objections to the usual types of end curling devices, and that a very simple and in expensive device is provided which‘is positive in, action. ' For a more complete understanding of. my in- ~ vention, reference may be had to the accompany ing drawing in which ‘ Fig. 1 is a side view of one form of my new hair curling device; , Fig. 2 is a similar View of another form of the new device; and ‘ Fig. 3 is another view of the device shown in Fig. 2. Referring to Fig. l of the drawing, the numeral I0 designates a tubular body of metal, such as 4 aluminum, although it may be made of rubber or other non-metallic material, or of metal coated with rubber .or other non-metallic material, [de pending upon requirements. The lower‘end of the body is provided with an integral, outwardly turned ?nger piece I l. . Pivoted to the body Ill by means of a pivot pin I2, is a lip l3 having a semi-circular contour, that is, a contour conforming to the contour of the outer surface of the body l0, so as to partially . 2 2,133,797 embrace the latter. The pivot pin I2 passes through longitudinal slots I4 formed on opposite sides of lip I3 near the lower end‘ thereof. The lower end of the lip I3 is also provided with an outwardly turned ?nger piece I5 cooperating with the ?nger piece I I of body IB and normally urged therefrom by a leaf spring I6. The leaf spring I6 engages the inner surfaces of ?nger pieces I I and I5 which are recessed to hold and enclose the 10 spring I5, and the ends of the spring are seated on inwardly extending flanges II' and I5’ formed on the body I0 and lip I3 respectively. The lip I3 is accordingly normally urged against the body I0 and serves to clamp the hair which is rolled 15 around the body III in the manner of a curling iron. It‘ will be apparent that by reason of the slots I4 formed in lip I3, the latter may be moved bodily on its pivot in a longitudinal direction 20 relative to the body I0. A generally U-shaped locking member I‘! is pivoted on the lip I3 near the lower end thereof. The pivotal connection of member I? to the lip may be conveniently effected by inserting the ends of its arms in openings formed in opposite 25 sides of the lip above the slots I4. The cross bar I8 of the U-shaped locking member is adapted to be received in notches i9 formed in the free end of the tubular body I6. ‘ It will be understood that when lip I3 is in its 30 lowermost position relative to the body I0, the leaf spring I 6 is evenly disposed in the ?nger pieces of the body I0 and lip I3. That is, sub stantially one-half of the spring is contained in the body I0 and the other half in the lip. How 35 ever, when the lip is moved to its uppermost po sition with respect to the body, as shown in Fig. 1, the leaf spring is deformed from its normal posi tion. Consequently, the upward movement of the lip on its pivot pin is opposed by the spring I6, and 40 the latter serves to urge the lip towards its lower most position relative to the body. If desired, a spring (not shown) may be arranged within the body ID for supplementing the action of the spring I6 in urging lip I3 downwardly when it is moved 45 to its uppermost position relative to the body I9. In the use of the device shown in Fig. l, the hair is wrapped around the body Ill and clamped thereto by lip I3. The hair is then looked in place by moving the lip I3 upwardly relative to 50 body I0 and aligning the cross piece I8 of locking member I‘! with notches I9. The lip I3 is then al lowed to move downwardly longitudinally of the body to engage the cross member I 8 in the notches IS. 55 The curler illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3 com prises a hair rolling body Illa and a lip I3a which are connected together by a pivot pin I2a ro tatable in the body Illa. The ends of the pin I2a project through openings. formed in the opposite 60 sides of the lip and the body and are provided with transverse openings. Each of the transverse only one leg of the locking member is employed a cotter pin is inserted in the opposite opening in the pivot pin I2a to prevent the latter from being withdrawn. In the latter form of the locking member, the projection 2| is preferably enlarged transversely so that it frictionally engages the inner walls of the body I (la, so as to hold the look ing member I'm in locked position. If desired a compression spring (not shown) may be coiled around each leg of member I ‘Ia between the pivot 10 pin I2a and the enlargement 20 on the leg, so that the locking member will normally be urged down wardly with respect to the hair curling body. Preferably, a leaf spring I6a. is received in suit able recesses formed in the lower ends of body Illa 15 and lip I3.'l. The spring I6a engages the inner surfaces of ?nger pieces Na and I5a‘ formed on the body Ill and lip I3, respectively, and urges the lip against the body so as to clamp the hair thereto. 20 It will be observed that the hair curler of the present invention is characteristic in that the locking member is moved bodily longitudinally of the hair rolling body to effect locking and unlocking of its free end with the corresponding 25 end of the body. The locking engagement be tween the free ends of the locking member and the body is positive and secure, so that acci dental or unintended release of the locking mem ber is impossible, it being necessary for the user 30 to effect positive relative longitudinal movement between the body and the locking member tore lease them from each other. While two preferred embodiments of my inven tion have been illustrated and described in detail’ 35 herein, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited thereby, but is susceptible to var ious changes in form and detail within its scope. I claim: . 1. A hair curling device which comprises an 40 elongated body, and a locking member connected indirectly to the body at one end adjacent one end of the body and pivotable with respect there to, said body and member being bodily movable longitudinally of each other to effect a connec tion and disconnection of their free ends. 2. A hair curling device comprising an elon gated body, a member pivoted to said body, and a locking member connected to said pivoted mem ber and releasably connectible at its free end to - the corresponding free end of the body, said body and locking member being bodily movable longi tudinally of each other to effect the connection and disconnection of their free ends. 3. A hair curling device comprising an elon gated body, a lip hinged to the body adjacent one end thereof and normally urged against the side wall of the body, a locking member carried by said lip and releasably connectible at its free end to the corresponding free end of the body, openings in pin I2a receives one leg of a generally said lip being movable longitudinally of said body U-shaped locking member I‘Ia, the legs being slid to effect the connection and disconnection of the free ends of said body and locking member. 4. A hair curling device comprising an elon able in the openings. The extreme end of each 65 leg of the locking member is provided with an en— largement 20 which prevents it from being with drawn from the corresponding opening in the gated body, a lip hinged to the body adjacent 65 one end thereof and normally urged against the ~ pivot pin I2a. The free end of the locking mem side wall of the body, a locking member carried ber Ila is formed with a downwardly turned ' by said lip and releasably connectible at its free 70 projection ii for insertion into the open‘ free end of the body Illa when the locking member is moved downwardly from the position shown in Fig. 2. Alternatively, only one of the legs of locking member Ila need be employed, together 75 with the inturned projection 2| thereon. When end to the corresponding free end of the body, 70 said lip and body being movable bodily longitu dinally of each other to effect the connection and disconnection of their free ends, and means for urging said body’ and lip longitudinally toward each other when the locking member is in posi 76 2,133,797 tion for connection of its free end to the corre sponding end of the body. 5. A hair curling device comprising an elon gated body, a lip pivotally connected adjacent one end to one end of the body, said connection being loose to permit longitudinal bodily move ment between the lip and body, and a locking member pivoted at one end on thelip and releas ably connectibleat its free end with the free end 10 of the body, said movement between the body and lip permitting the connection and disconnection of the free end of the body and member. 6. A hair curling device comprising an elon gated body, and a locking member connected at 15 one end through a pivotal connection to the body adjacent one end thereof and releasably connect— ible at its free end to the corresponding free end of the body, said pivotal connection including a lateral projection mounted on the body and hav 20 ing an opening in which the locking member is longitudinally slidable to effect the connection and disconnection of the free ends of the body and member. 7. A hair curling device comprising an elon 3 gated body, a pin extending transversely through the body near one end thereof and rotatable rela tive thereto, and a locking member mounted on said pin with one end of the member extending through a transverse opening in the pin and its free end releasably connectible to the correspond ing free end of the body, said locking member being slidable longitudinally of said body in said opening to effect the connection and disconnec 10 tion of the free ends of the body and member. 8. A hair curling device comprising an elon gated body, a pin extending transversely through the body near one end thereof and rotatable rela tive thereto, said pin having a transverse open ing near each end thereof, and a U shaped lock ing member mounted on said pin with the legs of the locking member extending through said transverse openings in the pin and'with its free end releasably connectible to the corresponding free end of the body, said locking member being 20 slidable longitudinally of the body in said open ings to effect the connection and disconnection of the free ends of the body and member. > BLANCHE ELSIE BEADLE.