close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US2133797

код для вставки
Oct. 18, 1938.
B. E. BEADLE
2,133,797 '
HAIR CURLER
Original‘ Filed July 7, 1934
ENTOR
Mywax/GM
ATTORNEYS '
2,133,797
Patented Oct. 18, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,133,797
HAIR CURLER
Blanche Elsie Beadle, Spring?eld, Mass.
Original application July 7, 1934, Serial -No.
734,071. Divided and this application March.
4, 1937, Serial No. 128,885
8 Claims.
(01. 132—41)
This invention relates to hair curling devices
and has particular reference to devices for rolling
up the ends of hair and holding the hair in rolled
vention comprises a hair rolling body having a
locking member pivoted indirectly at one end to _,
one end of the body and bodily movable longi
tudinally with respect thereto, so that the free '
’
Hair. curling devices of this type, known gen- ‘ end of the locking member may be releasably 5
secured to the free end of the body. In one form
erally as “end-curlers”, have been made in vari
form until it sets.
ous forms, all characteristic in that they include
a cylindrical body around which the hair is
rolled inwardly from its ends, and a locking mem
10 ber'attached to the body at one end and detacha
bly connected thereto at its free end for securing
the hair in rolled position while the curl sets.
Various arrangements have been adopted for
detachably connecting the free end of the locking
member to the body and these include spring
catches which soon lose their resiliency, rubber
bands which are rapidly deteriorated by the hair
treating oils and compounds used to set the hair,
and other forms of connecting means which do
not remain effective.
In accordance with the present invention, a
hair curling device of. the end curler type is pro
vided which is free from the aforementioned
objections in that the free end of the locking
of my new device, a lip is pivoted on the body -
for initially clamping the hair prior to the ap
plication of the locking member, and the locking
member is carried by the lip. The lip is bodily 10
movable longitudinally of the hair. rolling body
to carry the locking member into and out ofposi
tion for locking its free end to the corresponding
end of the hair rolling body.
In another form of my invention, the lip is 15
pivoted to the hair rolling body on a hinged pin,
and the latter is perforated for the sliding recep
tion of. the inner ends of the locking member.
The locking member is accordingly movable
bodily of the hair rolling body in a longitudinal ~20
direction to move the free end thereof into and
out of locking relation with the free end of the
hair rolling body.
Alternatively, only one con
nection between the locking member and the
member is positively secured to the body without
pivot pin may be employed.
the use of spring latches, rubber bands or the
like, and in such a way that it cannot be de
made of metal or of a non-metallic material,
tached except intentionally. In addition, the
new hair curler is durable and does not lose its
effectiveness upon exposure to hair treating com
pounds.
,
In the new hair curling device the lock between
the body and the free end of the locking member
is obtained by a relative longitudinal bodily
movement between the body and the pivoted
member. This relative movement enables look
ing cooperation between the corresponding free
ends of the body and the locking member, pref
erably by the insertion of a part of. the locking
member in the end of the body or vice versa, so
that a positive lock is made at an angle to the
direction of the closing and opening movements
of the pivoted locking member. Elastic bands
and spring latches are accordingly dispensed
with, and a positive but readily releasable lock is
provided between the locking member and the
body.
This application is a division of my application
Serial No. ‘734,071, ?led July '7, 1934, ‘which dis
50 closes several forms of my new hair curling de
vice. The device of the present application is
characterized in that the locking member is con
nected indirectly to the hair rolling body in such
a ‘way that it can pivot with respect thereto.
$6 More particularly, the device of the presentin
25
The hair rolling body of the new device may be
such as rubber, or metal covered with rubber.
It will be seen that a hair curling device made
in accordance with the present invention over
comes the objections to the usual types of end
curling devices, and that a very simple and in
expensive device is provided which‘is positive in,
action.
'
For a more complete understanding of. my in- ~
vention, reference may be had to the accompany
ing drawing in which
‘
Fig. 1 is a side view of one form of my new
hair curling device;
,
Fig. 2 is a similar View of another form of the
new device; and
‘
Fig. 3 is another view of the device shown in
Fig. 2.
Referring to Fig. l of the drawing, the numeral
I0 designates a tubular body of metal, such as 4
aluminum, although it may be made of rubber or
other non-metallic material, or of metal coated
with rubber .or other non-metallic material, [de
pending upon requirements. The lower‘end of the
body is provided with an integral, outwardly
turned ?nger piece I l.
.
Pivoted to the body Ill by means of a pivot pin
I2, is a lip l3 having a semi-circular contour, that
is, a contour conforming to the contour of the
outer surface of the body l0, so as to partially .
2
2,133,797
embrace the latter. The pivot pin I2 passes
through longitudinal slots I4 formed on opposite
sides of lip I3 near the lower end‘ thereof. The
lower end of the lip I3 is also provided with an
outwardly turned ?nger piece I5 cooperating with
the ?nger piece I I of body IB and normally urged
therefrom by a leaf spring I6. The leaf spring I6
engages the inner surfaces of ?nger pieces I I and
I5 which are recessed to hold and enclose the
10 spring I5, and the ends of the spring are seated
on inwardly extending flanges II' and I5’ formed
on the body I0 and lip I3 respectively. The lip
I3 is accordingly normally urged against the body
I0 and serves to clamp the hair which is rolled
15 around the body III in the manner of a curling
iron. It‘ will be apparent that by reason of the
slots I4 formed in lip I3, the latter may be moved
bodily on its pivot in a longitudinal direction
20
relative to the body I0.
A generally U-shaped locking member I‘! is
pivoted on the lip I3 near the lower end thereof.
The pivotal connection of member I? to the lip
may be conveniently effected by inserting the
ends of its arms in openings formed in opposite
25 sides of the lip above the slots I4. The cross bar
I8 of the U-shaped locking member is adapted to
be received in notches i9 formed in the free end
of the tubular body I6.
‘
It will be understood that when lip I3 is in its
30 lowermost position relative to the body I0, the
leaf spring I 6 is evenly disposed in the ?nger
pieces of the body I0 and lip I3. That is, sub
stantially one-half of the spring is contained in
the body I0 and the other half in the lip. How
35 ever, when the lip is moved to its uppermost po
sition with respect to the body, as shown in Fig. 1,
the leaf spring is deformed from its normal posi
tion. Consequently, the upward movement of the
lip on its pivot pin is opposed by the spring I6, and
40 the latter serves to urge the lip towards its lower
most position relative to the body. If desired, a
spring (not shown) may be arranged within the
body ID for supplementing the action of the spring
I6 in urging lip I3 downwardly when it is moved
45 to its uppermost position relative to the body I9.
In the use of the device shown in Fig. l, the
hair is wrapped around the body Ill and clamped
thereto by lip I3. The hair is then looked in
place by moving the lip I3 upwardly relative to
50 body I0 and aligning the cross piece I8 of locking
member I‘! with notches I9. The lip I3 is then al
lowed to move downwardly longitudinally of the
body to engage the cross member I 8 in the notches
IS.
55
The curler illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3 com
prises a hair rolling body Illa and a lip I3a which
are connected together by a pivot pin I2a ro
tatable in the body Illa. The ends of the pin I2a
project through openings. formed in the opposite
60 sides of the lip and the body and are provided
with transverse openings. Each of the transverse
only one leg of the locking member is employed a
cotter pin is inserted in the opposite opening in
the pivot pin I2a to prevent the latter from being
withdrawn. In the latter form of the locking
member, the projection 2| is preferably enlarged
transversely so that it frictionally engages the
inner walls of the body I (la, so as to hold the look
ing member I'm in locked position. If desired a
compression spring (not shown) may be coiled
around each leg of member I ‘Ia between the pivot 10
pin I2a and the enlargement 20 on the leg, so that
the locking member will normally be urged down
wardly with respect to the hair curling body.
Preferably, a leaf spring I6a. is received in suit
able recesses formed in the lower ends of body Illa 15
and lip I3.'l. The spring I6a engages the inner
surfaces of ?nger pieces Na and I5a‘ formed on
the body Ill and lip I3, respectively, and urges the
lip against the body so as to clamp the hair
thereto.
20
It will be observed that the hair curler of the
present invention is characteristic in that the
locking member is moved bodily longitudinally
of the hair rolling body to effect locking and
unlocking of its free end with the corresponding 25
end of the body. The locking engagement be
tween the free ends of the locking member and
the body is positive and secure, so that acci
dental or unintended release of the locking mem
ber is impossible, it being necessary for the user 30
to effect positive relative longitudinal movement
between the body and the locking member tore
lease them from each other.
While two preferred embodiments of my inven
tion have been illustrated and described in detail’ 35
herein, it is to be understood that the invention
is not limited thereby, but is susceptible to var
ious changes in form and detail within its scope.
I claim:
.
1. A hair curling device which comprises an 40
elongated body, and a locking member connected
indirectly to the body at one end adjacent one
end of the body and pivotable with respect there
to, said body and member being bodily movable
longitudinally of each other to effect a connec
tion and disconnection of their free ends.
2. A hair curling device comprising an elon
gated body, a member pivoted to said body, and
a locking member connected to said pivoted mem
ber and releasably connectible at its free end to -
the corresponding free end of the body, said body
and locking member being bodily movable longi
tudinally of each other to effect the connection
and disconnection of their free ends.
3. A hair curling device comprising an elon
gated body, a lip hinged to the body adjacent
one end thereof and normally urged against the
side wall of the body, a locking member carried
by said lip and releasably connectible at its free
end to the corresponding free end of the body,
openings in pin I2a receives one leg of a generally
said lip being movable longitudinally of said body
U-shaped locking member I‘Ia, the legs being slid
to effect the connection and disconnection of the
free ends of said body and locking member.
4. A hair curling device comprising an elon
able in the openings. The extreme end of each
65 leg of the locking member is provided with an en—
largement 20 which prevents it from being with
drawn from the corresponding opening in the
gated body, a lip hinged to the body adjacent 65
one end thereof and normally urged against the
~ pivot pin I2a. The free end of the locking mem
side wall of the body, a locking member carried
ber Ila is formed with a downwardly turned ' by said lip and releasably connectible at its free
70 projection ii for insertion into the open‘ free end
of the body Illa when the locking member is
moved downwardly from the position shown in
Fig. 2. Alternatively, only one of the legs of
locking member Ila need be employed, together
75 with the inturned projection 2| thereon. When
end to the corresponding free end of the body, 70
said lip and body being movable bodily longitu
dinally of each other to effect the connection and
disconnection of their free ends, and means for
urging said body’ and lip longitudinally toward
each other when the locking member is in posi 76
2,133,797
tion for connection of its free end to the corre
sponding end of the body.
5. A hair curling device comprising an elon
gated body, a lip pivotally connected adjacent
one end to one end of the body, said connection
being loose to permit longitudinal bodily move
ment between the lip and body, and a locking
member pivoted at one end on thelip and releas
ably connectibleat its free end with the free end
10 of the body, said movement between the body and
lip permitting the connection and disconnection
of the free end of the body and member.
6. A hair curling device comprising an elon
gated body, and a locking member connected at
15 one end through a pivotal connection to the body
adjacent one end thereof and releasably connect—
ible at its free end to the corresponding free end
of the body, said pivotal connection including a
lateral projection mounted on the body and hav
20 ing an opening in which the locking member is
longitudinally slidable to effect the connection
and disconnection of the free ends of the body
and member.
7. A hair curling device comprising an elon
3
gated body, a pin extending transversely through
the body near one end thereof and rotatable rela
tive thereto, and a locking member mounted on
said pin with one end of the member extending
through a transverse opening in the pin and its
free end releasably connectible to the correspond
ing free end of the body, said locking member
being slidable longitudinally of said body in said
opening to effect the connection and disconnec
10
tion of the free ends of the body and member.
8. A hair curling device comprising an elon
gated body, a pin extending transversely through
the body near one end thereof and rotatable rela
tive thereto, said pin having a transverse open
ing near each end thereof, and a U shaped lock
ing member mounted on said pin with the legs
of the locking member extending through said
transverse openings in the pin and'with its free
end releasably connectible to the corresponding
free end of the body, said locking member being 20
slidable longitudinally of the body in said open
ings to effect the connection and disconnection
of the free ends of the body and member.
> BLANCHE ELSIE BEADLE.
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
419 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа