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Патент USA US2133802

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oct'. 18, 1938.
J. D. BOLONGARO
APPARATUS FOR CALCULATING THE SPACING OF TYPE FOR PRINTED
Filed~ Nov. >27, 1934
2,133,802
MATTER
6 Sheets«Sheet l
ïßmw'
ATTORNEYS
CCL 18, 1938.
I*
_1, D. BOLONGARO
-
2,133,802
APPARATUS FOR CALCULATING THE SPACING OF TYPE FOR PRINTED MATTER
Filed Nov. 27. '1934
e sheets-sheet 2
/ un/ !,
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4
BY
ì
fla-@ew
,
ATTORNEYS
Oct. 1s, 1938.
q. D. BOLONGARO
APPARATUS FOR CALCULAT'ING THE SPACING OF TYPE FOR PRINTED
Filed Nov. 27, 1934
WITN ESS
¿We
2,133,802
MATTER
6 Sheets-Sheet 3
É
INVENTOR
J/swfsß.
BOL ONG/m0
BY
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ì
»
ATTORNEYS
OCt- 18, l938--
. J. D. BoLoNGARo
Filed Nov. 27, 1954
s sheets-sheet 4
Oct, 18,1938.
J. D. BOLONGARO
2,133,802 _
`APPARATUS FOR CALGULATING THE SPACING OF TYPE FOR PRINTED MATTER
Filed Nov. 27, 1984
6 Sheets-Sheet 5
WITNESS
f
INVENTOR
JAMESß.
¿So/.ONGARO
BY
ATTORNEYS
Oct. 18, 1938.
J..D. BoLoNc-:ARO
2,133,802
APPARATUS'FOR CALCULATING THE SPACING QF TYPE FOR PRINTED MATTER
Filedl NOV. 27. 1934A
6 Sheets-Sheet 6
ATTORNEYS
2,133,802
Patented Oct. 18, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFF-ICE
2,133,802
APPARATUS FOR CALCULATING THE SPAC
ING 0F TYPE FOR PRINTED MATTER
James D. Boiongaro, Charlottesville, Va.
Application November 2_7, 1934, Serial No. 754,971
9 Claims. (Cl. 23S-61)
This invention relates to the art of printing
writing machine embodying my invention; Fig. 2
‘ and more particularlyV to a device that may be
is a section taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1; Fig.
3 is a partial front elevation and a partial vertical
section of my device, through the line 3_3 of Fig.
2; Fig. 4 is a plan view of that portion of my de
vice which is shown in_Fig. 3; Fig. 5 is a partial
front elevation of my device looking along the
line 5~5 in Fig. 2; Fig. 6 is an enlarged detail of
used in combination with typewriting machines
to determine the number of printed lines of a pre
5 determined type and length that the typewritten
matter will occupy.
In the printing art it is 'necessary to-predeter
mine the spacing of the type that will be required
to print the subject matter of a typewritten . a portion of my device looking along the line 6-6
10 manuscript or other copy, in order properly to of Fig. 2; Fig. 7 isa plan view of an Underwood 10
make up the printed matter and so that the lat
typewriting machine embodying my invention, the
ter will present a uniform and artistic appear
carriage being removed; Fig. 8 is a rear elevation
ance. This is particularly true in the printing of of Fig. 7 showing the carriage in position; Fig'. 9
books, magazines and periodicals which comprise
15 a plurality of successive pages over which the
printed matter is to be distributed and which
include other matter, such as illustrations, in
serts, and the- like, which encroach upon the
“sight" or printing field of the page. In such
20 publications, the pages are of the same size and
the printing ñelds are uniformly dimensioned to
receive a predetermined number of printed lines
of given lengths.
v
'
It is the object of this invention to provide a
25 novel and simple device to be used in combination
with a typewriting- machine that will additively
give the number of printed lines of a predeter
mined type and length that the typewritten mat
ter will occupy as the matter is being typed, in
30 order that an editor may be enabled to lay out
accurately before printing the amount of printed
space that the typewritten manuscript or copy
will occupy.
According to my.invention there is provided
means in cooperative relation with the carriage or
~ escapement wheel of a typewriter which moves a
unit distance corresponding to the unit distance
through which the carriage or escapement wheel
moves after a type key or space bar has been de
40
pressed. Operatively connected to and controlled
by such means is a gear member which rotates a
corresponding unit distance proportional to the
space occupied by a printed letter of predeter
mined size, said gear being operatively connected
45 to means which operate a counting mechanism
when the gear has moved a number of unit dis
tances equivalent to the number of letter spaces
contained in a printed line of a predetermined
length.
v
-
In the accompanying drawings I have illus
trated several preferred embodiments of such ap
paratus but would have it understood that my
invention is not limited to these particular forms.
Referring to th‘e accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is a rear elevation of a Remington type
is a partial vertical section taken on line 9-'9 of
Fig. 8; Fig. 10 is a partial front elevation of my 15
device looking along the line Ili-iil of Fig. 7; Fig.
1l is a partial front elevation of my device looking
along the line II-II >of Fig. 7; and Fig. 12 is a
section taken on line I2--I2 of Fig. 10.
` Referring to Figs. 1 to 6 inclusive, the numeral 20
l indicates the customary base oi.' a Remington
typewriting machine having comer pillars 2 af-fixed thereto upon which is mounted a top plate
I1. Attached to the top plate I1 of the machine
are the usual guide rails 5 which have their op 25
posite faces grooved for the reception of antifric
tion rollers 5. The rollers are likewise received
in the oppositely grooved rails l attached to the
end bars 3 of the carriage which are provided
with bearings to receive a platen shaft 'l on which 30
a rotative cylindrical platen 8 is mounted. 'I'he
carriage in this machine comprising the end bars
3 and the rails l is thus mounted for sidewise
movement over the top plate I'l of the machine.
Attached to the top plate i1 is the usual bear 35
ing 22, in which is journalled shaft 2l having '
mounted thereon the escapement wheels 26, 21,
the space back ratchet 25, and the rack gear 20,
the latter meshing with the space rack Il which
is attached by means of screws I2 to a frame 40
member Ill pivotally mounted at 9 on the car
riage. A pivoted lever not shown is adapted to
raise the space rack Il about its pivot 9. disen
gaging it from the rack gear 20, in order that the 45
carriage may be moved freely from side to side
without ail'ecting the other elements in the ma
chine.v
As stated above, the mechanism thus far de
scribed constitutes part of the usual equipment 50
of the -Remington typewriting machine and fur
ther detailed description of the known parts of
such machine is deemed unnecessary and only
those parts have been shown which cooperate with
my device. 'I'he usual operation of the machine .55
2
2,133,802
is in no wise affected by the incorporation of my
device therein as will be hereinafter explained.
Extending rearwardly from and supported by
tensioned pawl 45 is pivotally mounted at 46 upon.
the supporting plate 3| and is adapted to ride
over the teeth of ratchet 42 while the latter is
>the space rack II are rods I3 which support a . rotating in the same rdirection that the carriage
member I5 in parallel relation to the space rack moves during the operation of the machine, but
II. Depending from and ñxedly attached to the when the carriage is moving in the opposite di
member I5 by rivets I8 (Fig. 1) are bars I4, to
the lower ends of . which is ñxedly attached by
rivets i8 a rack I6 whose teeth are adapted to en
10 gage the teeth of a gear 36 mounted on shaft 34.
rection,` the pawl 45 is adapted to engage the
teeth in ratchet 42 to prevent rotation of shaft 48.'
‘Mounted on shaft 48 exteriorly of the support
ing plate 3I is a disc 41 and gears 50 and 5I.
Gears 66 and 5I are designed to have the same
number of teeth that gears 20 and' 36 have. At
tached to the supporting plate '3l is a bracket 53
supporting a leaf spring 52 that is adapted to ride
on thelteeth of gear 5I to prevent over-running 15
of the shaft 48 so that the ge°ar will revolve
By this arrangement the rack IB is rigidly sup
ported by the space rack il, in parallel relation
thereto, so that they move simultaneously
>through. equal distances when the carriage is
caused to move horizontally from side to side._
In a Remington machine of the type shown in
Figs. 1 and 2, the carriage, upon which is rigidly through a distance of only one -tooth as the
- mounted Vthe space rack II, _has a tendency to` space rack II is moved one letter space by the _
carriage. Thus, by
move in one direction under the tension of a
20 spring member (not shown) mounted on the platen 8' is moved
frame o'f the machine; to rotate gear ä?'and the ' through a distance
, escapement wheels 26, 2l but is held in place by by a letter> of the
an escapement pawl (not shown) which alter
nately engages teeth in the escapement wheels.
25 26, 2l. When a type key is released after having
typed the desired letter on a sheet of paper
mounted on the platen, the escapement pawl;
which at this stage holds the carriage in place
through engagement with a tooth on the escape
Sil mentwheel 26, is caused to move about its pivot
into the >path of rotation of the escapement wheel
2l whose teeth are staggered with respect to the
teeth on the escapement wheel 26 as shown in Fig.
1. The carriage is then free to move a portion
of» a letter space, >whereupon it will be stopped
by a tooth on the' escapement wheel 2l engaging
the escapement pawl. When the next type key is
depressed the escapement pawl is moved back
into the path of rotation of escapement wheel
40 26 allowing the carriage to move the remainder
of the letter space just before the type bar strikes
the paper on the platen. Thus in this machine,
thecarriage is allowed to move a portion of >one
letter space in the direction of pulln of the spring
as one type key is returning to its normal posi
this arrangement, when the
in the operating direction 20
equal to the space occupied
particular type used in the
machine, gear 50 through the racks I I and I6,
and gear 36, shaft 34, disc 40, pawl and ratchet
44, 4l and shaft 48, isl rotated through a unit
distance'corresponding to the space occupied by
a typewritten letter. In the present instance
gears 26, 36, 50 and 5I have twelve teeth so that
when they havemade a complete revolution they
will have moved a distance corresponding to the 4
space occupied by twelve letters of typewritten
type on a sheet of paper.
Rotatably mounted on the disc 4l at 55 so
as to be _in mesh with gear 50 is an idler gear 54
connecting gear 50 with a gear 56 mounted on
a shaft 5'! journalled in the supporting plates
3i, 32. Gear 55 is so designed that one complete
revolution thereof corresponds to the number of
letter spaces contained in a printed line of a
predetermined'length._ In order to .arrive at the 40
dimensions ofthe gear 56, it is ñrst necessary to
make an actual countof the letters.'marks and
spaces between words (herein called letter
spaces) on printed full lines of the medium in
which the manuscript is to be printed and to 45
tion and the remainder of the letter space as
make thatv count over an- extended number of ,
another type key is raised to strike. The teeth
of the space rack Hand the gear 20 areof suclr
a size that each 'one is equal in width to one
letter space. Thus as the platen moves through
such -*printed pages, say ten to twenty. From a
a distance equal to the width of one letter space
the rack I l and the gear 2l! move through a space
-occupied by one tooth. As the rack II moves
through a unit distance equal to the space oc
55 cupied by a typewritten letter, the rack I6 rigid
ly attached thereto also moves through the same
unit distance to rotate the gear 36 through a
~ corresponding unit distance. Gear 36 is similar
to gear 20 so that astñe carriage moves through
a letter space the two gears simultaneously move
an equal unit distance with their respective
shafts.>
.
f
,
‘
large number of counted lines, the average num- '
ber of letter spaces in the lines _of such printed
pages is obtained. This theoretical 'predeter 50
mined printed line gives me a yardstick which,
I have found, enables me to determine with al
most perfect precision or accuracy the space
which will be occupied in the printed medium by
a typewritten manuscript. Having determined
the average number of letter spaces contained
in full lines of the particular magazine or me
dium in which the manuscript is to be incorpo
rated, the gear is then designed so that one’com
plete revoluti thereof corresponds to thel num 60
ber of letter spaces contained in ysucl'i predeter- '
mined printed line. `The same principles apply
when" the tyi'Jewritteny matter is to be incorpo
rated in a medium havingprinted'typeof a dif
_ferent vkind or having a" sight page of diiïerent 65
65 l ed
to on
theits
disc
other
di) at
end43a is
disc
a 40.'
spring-tensioned
Pivotally attached
pawl
dimensions, the construction of the gear56 de-v
44 adapted to engage" the teeth of a ratchet 4I, ' pending _upon the new predetermined printed
The shaft 34 is journalled in' a bearing 31
mounted on a supporting plate 32 and has mount
which is mounted on the end of shaft 43, for
line that is obtained. ‘v Attached tothe shaft 5l
-. rotation in the same direction that the carriage ` is a cam 63, .adapted to 'engage and> vgradually
movesfduring the operation of the machine, but
_» when the carriage yis moved in the opposite di
`depress a. roller 80 extendingfrom >the adjacent .70
»l rection »the pawl is adapted to ride over the teeth
g of ratchet ¿it without actuating the latter.
>end of a leverV 8l,V (Figs."3 anda) "plvot'ed at 82
Ion the supporting' _plate"_32,jas _the geen” is
rotated during -the 'operative 'movement of the
Mounted adjacent to or integral with the ratchet
platen. ‘ As the one" end of4 the'lever '6I is :being
4I isaratchet 42 of smaller diameter. A spring- *l
depressed by thexcarnv 63„the`other yend.v
2,138,802
lift a spring tensioned arm 65 on a counter mech
anism 66. Cam 63 is so designed that when the
gear 56 has made one complete revolution, the
lever 6| has rotated the arm 65 against the ten
sion of its spring to such a point that the counter
mechanism 66 is caused to operate. 'I'he roller
66 supporting end of the lever 6| then returns to.
its starting position under the influence of the
spring tensioned arm 65, as the cam reaches
10 the positionl shown in Fig. 3. In this way there
is registered in the counting mechanism the
number of printed lines of a predetermined type
and -length vthat the matter typed bythe machine
would occupy.
15
.
,
Gear 56 i's interchangeable with other gears,
each one of which is so designed that one com
plete revolution corresponds to a printed line of
a predetermined length having letter spaces of
a predetermined-type. When it is desired to
change gear 56, the bolt 46 which extends throug
a guide or slot 49 in the disc 41 and engages the
supporting plate 3|, is loosened and the disc is
moved counter-clockwise (see Fig. 1) about the
shaft 46 so that the gear 54 is disengaged from
25 the gear 56. Gear 56 may then be removed by
removing the nut 66 and a new gear 56 put in
its place. When the new gear has been posi
tioned on the shaft 51, the disc 41 is moved clock
wise‘until gears 56 and 54 are in mesh, the disc
30 being then locked in position by tightening the
bolt and nut 46.
,.
Gear 54 may also be replaced with another gear
_if the one then on the machine d_oes not properly
connect gear. 56 with thenew gear 56. In re
35 placing gear 54, the bolt andnut 46 are flrst
removed to release the disc 41. 'I‘he gears 56 and
5| and the disc 41 are then removed from the
shaft 46. Disc 41 is then replaced by another
disc carrying a new gear 54 so positioned thereon
that it .will mesh .with gear 56 when the latter is>
replaced in the shaft 46. 'I'he bolt and nut 46
are then replaced to hold the disc 41 in position
against the plate 3| wherein the -new gear 54
meshes with gears 66 and 56. ~ Thus by changing
the arrangement of the gears the device may be
3
’bracket 12 is a lever 69 whose free end 1| nor- mally rests on a flange of -a hub 66 mounted‘on
the shaft 69 as shown in Fig. 2. When the
knurled nut 61 is pushed to the rear, the hub 66
moves therewith allowing the free end of lever
69 to drop between _the disc 66 and the hub 66.
A notch 13 in the free end of lever 69 is adapted
to engage the shaft 59. In this position of the
lever 69, the hub 66 serves as a stop to prevent
Athe shafts 51 and 59 from returning to their 10
normal positions, under pressure of spring 6|
whenever gear 56 meshes with gear 54, until lever
69 is tilted about its support 16 to disengage the
notched end 1| from the shaft-‘59 and clear the
hub 66. ’
-15
The supporting plates l3|, 32 ,are suitably
mounted on a bracket 36 attached to the base |
of the machine and are maintained in spaced
relation by the sleeves- 33.
In Figs. 'l to 12 inclusive,l there is shown
another embodiment of my invention in com
bination with an Underwood typewriting machine
having the usual carriage slidably mounted on
the longitudinal rods 66 and provided with bear
ings to receive a platen shaft on which a rotat
able cylindrical platen 66 is mounted. Attached
25
to ends 61 of the usual pivoted supporting arms
is the space rack 66 which is adapted to ride on
the gear 69 rotatably mounted on a shaft 96
journalled ln the bearing 9| (Fig. 7).. AA toothed
escapement wheel 92 carrying a spring-tensionedl
pawl 93v is mounted on the shaft 96, the pawl
being adapted to engage the rotatably mounted
gear 69 when' thecarriage is moving in one di~
rection under the pull of member 94 attached
at 95 to the carriage and adapted to be wound
about a spring tensioned reel 96 rotatably sup
ported on a bracket'91 mounted on the frame 96.
When _the carriage is moving in the opposite di-'
rection against the pull of member 94, the pawl
99 is adapted to ride over the teeth of the gear
69 without imparting motion to the shaft 96 and
the escapement wheel 92 which is prevented from
rotating in that _direction by an escapement pawl
(not shown) .'
'
used to count letter spaces of typewritten matter '
The mechanism thus far described constitutes
of a predetermined type in terms of printed lines ~ part of the usual equipment of the Underwood
of various types and lengths. j
Operatively attached to the shaft 51 by the
50 coupling member 6461s a shaft 59 slidably sup
ported at its other end by ah bearing 65 in the
typewriting machine and further detailed descrip
tion of the machine is deemed unnecessary and
only such parts have been shown as cooperate
with the parts of my improved attachment.
end of a bracket 12. A disc 66 is mounted on the
Attached to the end of shaft 96 is a hub V| 66
end of shaft 59,» the disc having suitable legends ` having a disc |66 ñxedly attached at its outer
thereon for dißerent positions of the cam 63, for end. A spring tensioned pawl |69 is pivotally
55 example the legends V4, V2, ‘V4 will indicate that
mounted at |61 on the- disc |66 and adapted to
the cam hasrotated through 90°, 180°, or 270°
with its shaft 51 when in the position occupied by engage the teeth of a ratchet ||6 mounted on
the arrow in Fig. 5, the latter lindicating that thev the shaft. |6| to move the ratchet through an
cam is at its starting position as shown in Fig. 3. angular distance equal to that moved through by
Attached to the outer end of shaft 59 is a knurled the gear 69 and the escapement wheel 92 when
hand nut 61 by which the operator may rotate the carriage, in the operation of the machina'
shaft 59 to bring the cam 63 and gear 56 to their moves through a unit distanceequal to that oc
starting positions when the device is about to be
cupied by a typewritten letter. The ratchet ||6
used or when itis desired that a short typewritten
has the same number of teeth as the gear 69.
es
The'pawl |_69 is so positioned and the ratchet | I6
is so designed that the latter can be moved in
independently of the typewriting machine.
l only one direction by the pawl.l By this arrange
Shafts 59 and 51 may be moved horizontally to ment the ratchet ||6 may be rotated by the disc .
the rear by pressing the knurled nut 61 against the |43 without rotating shaft 96 as will be herein
pressure of spring 6| seated between the sup
after explained. The shaft |6| is~journalled in
porting plate 3| and a collar 62 aillxed to the the supporting plates I|62, |66 whichare held 70
shaft -51 by. a set screw, to move gear 56 out of in spaced relation by .sleeves |64 and are sup
engagement withgear- 54 so that the typewriting ported on a bracket |66 mounted on the frame
line shall occupy a single printed line. In the
>latter case. the counter 66 is caused to operate
machine may be operated without operating the
countingy mechanism. Pivoted at 16 on the
of the machine by screws |65 which threadedly
engage said bracket. A spur gear ||| having the f
2,138,802
4
same number of teethas the ratchets >| I0 and 89 twenty unit distances corresponding t'o the space
occupied by twenty letters of a predetermined
is also mounted'on the shaft i0 I.
`
Thus the carriage, towhich is rigidly attached print. If gear |30 is designed for a printed line
the space rack 88, has a tendency to move in one having twenty letter spaces of the predetermined
direction `under the tension of» member, 941:0 print, it will make one complete revolution while
rotate the gear 89 and throughA fthev pawl 93
rotate the escapement wheel 92, shaft 90, hub
|00, disc |08, and through pawl |09 rotate ratchet
- H0, shaft |0|, and gear |||. It is held in place,
gear |20 is moving through twenty unit distances. ,
The manner Ain which the dimensions ofthe gear
i3d-are determined in order that, such gear may>
be used for counting lines for a particular printed
however, by an escapement pawl (not shown) medium, is the same as that described with re
’
which prevents rotation of the escapement wheel spect to gear 56.
0n the shaft |3| intermediate the supporting
in either direction but is adapted to move out of
engagement therewith when a depressed'type key plate |02 and a lever |35 rotatably mounted on a
is released, to allow the escapement wheel to ro -f screw member |05', is ñxed a cam |36 similar-.to
tate through the space occupied by one tooth.. The cam 63 on tha Remington machine. `Attached to
carriage is then free to move through a distance the lever |35, adjacent its free end, is an arm
occupied by one letter space and carries the space |3`| adapted to ride on the cam |36. Rotatably>
supported on a screw member |38 which is in
rack 88 with- it. The rack 88, the gear 89, escape
ment wheel 92 and -the ratchet ||0 and gear ||| threaded engagement with the free endof lever
|35 is a _rod |39 adapted to slidably engage at -20
20 which in this'. case have the same number of teeth its'other end an arm |40 on a counter mechanism
as gear 4_89, and escapement wheel 9.2, all move
- through the space occupied by one tooth when
the carriage moves through a distance equal to
the space occupied by a typewritten letter. In
other words, as the carriage moves throughv a
unit distance equal to a letter` space these ele
ments move through corresponding unit dis
tances.
`
_
,
‘
Meshed with gear I || is a spur gear ||2 (Fig. 9)
80 mòunted on a shaft | I3 journalled on the support
ing plates |02, |03. Also mounted- on shaft,||3,
intermediate the supporting plates |02, |03, is a
miter gear ||4 in mesh with a miter gear ||5
mounted on the end of a shaft ||6I rotatably
supported in the bearings |21, |20 (Fig. 7) mount
ed between` the supporting plates |02, |03. A
`miter gear ||'| is mounted on the other end of
shaft ||6 in mesh with a miter gear- |-|8 mounted`
on the shaft I I9 vrotatably supported by the plates
40 |02, |03. Mounted on a shaft ~||9 exteriorlyhof
the supporting plate |03 is a spur gear |20. Gear
||2 is by this arrangement operatively connected
to gear |20. The spur gears II2, |20 and miter
gears | I4, II5, |I1 and >| I8 have the same number
45 of teeth so that movement by any one will rotate
the others a similar amount about their respec
tive shafts. In the present instance they have
more teeth than gear III 'so that they move
through angular unit distances smaller than that
of gear |||.v By this construction gear |20 moves
through a unit distance proportional tothe unit
distance travelled by the carriagey in moving
through the space occupied by one letter type.
55
|4| supported by the plates |02, |03. An abut
ment |42 is provided on the rod |39 upon which
the free end of arm |40 rests, the rod thus oscillat
ing the arm |40 as it is lifted with the end of lever 25
|35 by the cam |36. Thus by this arrangement
when the gear |30 is caused to rotate, cam |36
will gradually raise the lever |35 about its pivot,
through the medium of arm |31, causing the rod
|39 to rotate »fthe lever |40.
Cam |36 is so .
designed that when the gear |30 has made one
complete revolution, the lever |35,and rod |39
have rotated the arm |40 to such a point that
the counter mechanism is caused to operate. In
this way there is registered in the counting-mech
anis/m the number of printed lines of a predeter
mined type and length that the matter being type
written would occupy.
A disc |43 is fixed to the forward end of >shaft
|3|, the disc having suitable legends thereon in a ,
manner similar to disc 66 of the Remington ma
chine above described to> indicate the angular
position of cam |36. The disc |43 may also be ro
tated by hand to 'bring the cam |36 to its starting
position or to rotate the cam to register a printed 45
line even though the typewritten line has ended
as in the case where _a paragraph has ended or
a short typewritten line is to occupy a single
printed line as in the case of dialogue.
In a manner similar to shaft 59 of the Rem- .
ington machine the shaft |3| -may be shifted
axially-_to the rear by pushing the end |44 of
shaft |3|- inwardly against the pressure of spring
Rotatably mounted on a stud shaft |22 -at- _ |46 (Fig. 12) to disengage gear |30 from gear I2|,
so that the typewriting machine may be operated
tached to a disc |23, is a spur gear I2| connect
ing gear |20 with a spur gear |30.A The disc |23
which supports the gear I2|, is movably mounted
on the shaft ||9 but is ordinarily held in a prede
without operating the counting mechanism.
There' is also'provided a pawl or lever |45 piv
oted on the bracket |33 which ordinarily rides on '
termined position thereon by a screw |24 which
60 extends through' a slot |25 in the disc |23 and is
_the flange of a hub |4'I attached to, the shaft |3|
butwhich is adapted to drop in front of said hub
of the screw |24 and the disc |23 to provide a
tàìrward until the lever> |45 is lifted clear of its-
in threaded engagement with the supporting plate
|03. A _washer |26 is provided between the head
larger surface contact between these parts. Gear
when the shaft -|3| is shifted to the rear to serve
as a stop to prevent the shaft |3| from moving
nge.
-
|30 is mounted on a'shaft |3| rotatably and slid , regard
In a-manner
to the changing
simuaroftogears
that54described
and 56 onwith
the "
65
ably supported by the supporting plates |02,- |03
Remington
machine
the
respective
gears
I2|
and
and by a bearing |32 in the end of a- bracket |33
|30 may be changed so that the device will count
mounted by screws |34 on the frame of the ma
chine. Gear |30 is so designed that one complete the matter typed by the machine in terms> of
printed hues, of other types and lengths.>
I
70
70 revolution. corresponds to the number of letter
11ans..
according
.to
the
.
structures
described.
spaces .contained in a predetermined printed line.
Thus, for example, „if gear |20, which moves a unit when the escapement pawl in either the Reming
distance corresponding to the distance travelled by ton or Underwood typewriting machines allows
-_ the carriage in moving a letter' space, is caused` the carriage to move through a distance equal 'to
to move twenty unit distances, gear |30 will move thespace -occupied by a typewritten" letter. after ' f
.
`
I
2,183,802
a.type key or the space bar has been operated,
there is caused to move through a corresponding
unit distance a gear (gear 5I in the Remington
machine and gear |20 in the Underwood ma
chine) which is operatively connected either to
the carriage, as in the Remington machine, or
to the 'escapement wheel, as in the case of the
Underwood machine. This gear, which is oper
atively connected to a second gear (gear 56 in
10 the Remington machlne'and gear I 30 in the Un
derwood machine) causes the latter to move a
5
tioned mechanism and said translating mecha
nism for 4enabling the latter to be actuated by
said modifying means while said surface is at
rest, and a counting >mechanism operatively con
nected to said translating mechanism and said
modifying means and arranged to register the
number of lines of the different type.
l 2. In a machine for printing on a surface char
acters of a predetermined type in lines of a pre
determined length, the combination with mech 10
anism for moving said surface through character
corresponding unit distance proportional to , space distances during the printing operation, of
the space occupied by a letter of printed type. cooperating instrumentalities operatively con
The second` gear is so designed that it makes a ' nected to.such mechanism and including means
complete revolution when it has moved lthrough
a number of unit distances corresponding to the
number of spaces of type contained in a prede
termined printed line. In both- machines there
is mounted on the same shaft with the second
gear, a cam which is so designed that when the
second gear makes a complete revolution it causes
a counting vmechanism operatively connected
thereto, _to operate. Thus there is registered in
the counting device, as the matter to be printed
is being typed, the number of lines of print of a
predetermined length and type that the type
written matter will occupy.
From the foregoing it_will be seen that my
invention makes it possible for authors who type
write their own manuscripts, and for printing
or publishing houses where matter to be printed
is first put in typewritten form, to know as soon
as the manuscript is typewritten how many
adapted to translate the unit movements of said 16
surface as it is advanced during the printing
operation into the number of lines which the mat
ter being printed will occupy in a diiferent me
dium having predetermined lines of a different
type and length than the lines of characters 20
being printed, means operable to modify the ac
tion of said translating means to include in such
line count the spacings which will appear in the
different medium after paragraph endings of
such matter, means intermediate said mecha
nism and said translating means for enabling
the latter to be actuated by said modifying means
while said surface is at rest and a counter con- ' I
nected to said translating means and said modi
tying means andarranged to register the total
number of lines of the different type.
3. 'I'he combination with a typewriting ma-`
chine,'of mechanism for calculating the number
printed lines of a given length and-type, the of lines of a predetermined length and of a sec
manuscript will require. Placing this informa ond size of type that the typewritten matter will
tion in the hands of an editor will save him much
time and trouble in laying out the magazine or
periodical as he `.can plan it just as he would like
occupy in a diiferent medium comprising, coop
erating instrumentalities operatively connected
to the typewriter mechanism and including means
adapted to translate the number of letter spaces
produced by depressing the type keys and space~
bar in the operation of the typewriting machine
while I have illustrated and described two em- _ into the number of predetermined lines of said
bodiments of my invention in combination with second size of type that the matter being typed
a Remington and an Underwood typewriting will occupy in the diiîerent medium and including
machine, it will be understood that it can be used mechanism able to modify the action of said
in combination with any typewriting machine and translating means to include in said line count
that'various changes in the form, construction the spacings which will appear in the different
and arrangement of the several parts may be medium after paragraph _endings of such matter
resorted to withoutv departing from the spirit and a counter arranged to register the number
and scope of my invention; hence I do not wish of lines of said second type as modified by said
50
to limit myself strictly to the structure herein
to have it without being subjected to the neces
sity of rearrangement and modification when the
copy is returned from the printer.
mechanism.
set forth.
What is claimed is:
“
'
ì
4. The combination with a typewriting ma
Y
' .
chine, of mechanism‘for calculating the number
l. In'a machine for printing on a siu'face char < of lines off. a predetermined length and of a second
size of type that the typewritten matter will oc
acters of a predetermined type in lines of a pre
55
cupy in a different medium comprising, cooper
determined length, the combination with mech
ating instrumentalities operatively connected to
anism for advancing said surface through char
the` typewriter mechanism and including means
acter space distances during the printing oper
ation >of the machine, of means controlled by adapted to translate the number of letter spaces
such mechanism and arranged to move through produced by depressing the type keys and space 60
unit distances as said surface is advanced through bar in the operation of the typewriter into the
the character space distances in the printing number of predetermined lines of said second size
operation of the machine, translating mechanism of type that the matter being typed will occupy
in the diiferent medium and including co-act
connected to said first named means and oper
able to translate the unit movements of said first ing mechanism operable to modify the action of
named means during the advancing.movements 'said translating means to4 include in said line
of said mechanism into the number of lines which count spaci?gs other than those spaces which
the matter being printed will occupy in a different will be occupied by the printed characters and
which will appear in the printed iield of thel dif
medium having predetermined lines of a differ
ent type and ‘length than the lines of characters ferent medium, means intermediate the type 70
being printed, means operable to modify the ac
writer _mechanism and said translating means
tion- of said translating mechanism to include in for enabling the latter to be actuated by said
auch line count the spacings which will appear in l coacting mechanism while the type keys and
>the different medium after paragraph endings of space bar of the typewriter are at rest, a counter
lsuch matter, means intermediate said first men
connected to said translating means for regis
2,133,802
teringthe number of lines of said second type as >as the platen is advancing, a shaft supporting- '
modiñ'ed by said coactingmechanlsm, and means
included inA said coacting mechanism for inter
said second-named gear and a cam which is ñxedly
secured thereto, a’ counter, means intermediate
said counter and said cam andcooperating .with
without affecting the operation of the typewriter. the latter to cause said counter to register every
5. The combination with a typewriting ma- ì time said second-named gear has moved through
chine', of mechanism for calculating the number a number of unit distances equivalent to the
' rupting the coactive relation of said mechanism
of lines of a predetermined length and of a sec
ond size of type that the typewritten matter will
10 occupy in a different medium comprising, a gear
number of letter spaces in a predetermined line
ofI said second type and co-acting mechanism
connected with said second-named gear and op
erable to modify said line count to include the
operatively connected with the typewriter for
moving through unit distances as the platen ad _ spacings 4which will appear in the diiferent me-A
dium after paragraph endings of such matter.
vances through character space distances dur
ing the printing operation, a second gear con- f
8. The combination with a typewriting ma
15 nected to said first-named gear and adapted to
move through unit distances proportional to the
chine, of mechanism for calculating the number
spaces occupied by the characters of , said second
ond size of type that the typewritten matter will
occupy in a diiîerent medium comprising, cooper
type ias the platenis advancing, a counter, means
intermediate said 'second-named _gear and said
counter- for intermittently operating the latter
every time said second-named gear has moved
through a number of unit distances equivalent
to the number of letter spaces in a predetermined
line of said second type and co-acting mechanism
connected with said intermediate means and op
erable to modify the action of such meansl to
include in said „line count the spacings which
ating instrumentalities operatively connected to
the typewriter mechanism and adapted to trans 20
late the number of letter spaces produced by de
pressing the type keys and space bar in the op
eration of the typewriter into the number of pre
determined lines of> said second type that the
matter. being typed will occupy in the different 25
medium, said cooperating instrumentalities in
cluding a counter arranged to register the number
will appear in_the different medium after para
of lines of said second type and means connected ~
graph endings of such matter.
with said counter and operable to _actuate the
'
6. The combination with a typewriting ma
chinefof mechanism for calculating the number
of lines of a predetermined length and of a sec
ond size of type'that the typewritten matter will
latter -independently to count letter' spaces in
terms of~lines of said second type and co-acting
with said instrumentalities to modify said line
count- to include the spacings which will appear
occupy in a different medium comprising, a gear
in the different medium after paragraph endings
operatively connected with the typewriter for
moving through unit distances as the platen ad
vances through character space distances during
of such matter.
I the printing operation, a second gear connected
to said ñrst-named gear so. as to move relative to ‘
_45
of lines of a predetermined length and of a sec
„
_
9. In a machine for printing on a surface char
acters of a predetermined type in lines of a pre
determined length, -the combination with mech.
anism for moving said surface through character
space distances during the printing operation, of
the latter during the advancing movement of the
platen and being so designed that one complete means controlled by such mechanism and ar
rangedvto move through unit distances as said
revolution thereof corresponds to the- total num
ber> of spaces in a predetermined line of said surface is advanced through the character space
second type, a counter, means intermediate said distances, cooperating instrumentalities opera
second-named gear and said counter for inter - tively connected to said first-named means and 45
mittently operating the latter every time said operable to translate. the unit movements of said
second-named gear makes a complete revolution
ñrst-named means into the number of lines which
and co-acting mechanism connected with said
second-named gear and operable to modify the
the `matter being printed will occupy in a differ
ent medium having predetermined lines of a dif
action of such gear to` include in said line count ferent type and length than the lines of charac
50 the spacings which will appear in the different ters being printed, said instrumentalities includ
medium after paragraph endings of such matter. - ing a counting device arranged to register the
number of lines of the diiîerent type, and indi
7. The-combination with a typewriting ma
chine, of mechanism for calculating the number cating‘means separate from said counting device
'and connected to said instrumentalities, said
of lines of a predetermined length and of a sec
65 ond size of type that the typewritten matter will indicating means being operable by said instru
occupy in a different medium comprising, a gear l mentalities to visually indicate to the operator
operatively connected with the typewriter for the condition of a particular line count and being
so arranged with respect to said instrumentalities
moving through unit distances as the platen ad
vances through character space distances during that they may be independently operated to mod
60
the printing operation, a second gear connectedi ify the operation of said counting device without
to said ñrst-named gear and adapted to move aiîecting the operation of the machine.
_ through unit distances proportional to the spaces
occupied by the characters of said second type
JAMES D. ` B_OLONGARO.
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