Патент USA US2133802код для вставки
oct'. 18, 1938. J. D. BOLONGARO APPARATUS FOR CALCULATING THE SPACING OF TYPE FOR PRINTED Filed~ Nov. >27, 1934 2,133,802 MATTER 6 Sheets«Sheet l ïßmw' ATTORNEYS CCL 18, 1938. I* _1, D. BOLONGARO - 2,133,802 APPARATUS FOR CALCULATING THE SPACING OF TYPE FOR PRINTED MATTER Filed Nov. 27. '1934 e sheets-sheet 2 / un/ !, .529 l 4 BY ì fla-@ew , ATTORNEYS Oct. 1s, 1938. q. D. BOLONGARO APPARATUS FOR CALCULAT'ING THE SPACING OF TYPE FOR PRINTED Filed Nov. 27, 1934 WITN ESS ¿We 2,133,802 MATTER 6 Sheets-Sheet 3 É INVENTOR J/swfsß. BOL ONG/m0 BY p74; ¿im ì » ATTORNEYS OCt- 18, l938-- . J. D. BoLoNGARo Filed Nov. 27, 1954 s sheets-sheet 4 Oct, 18,1938. J. D. BOLONGARO 2,133,802 _ `APPARATUS FOR CALGULATING THE SPACING OF TYPE FOR PRINTED MATTER Filed Nov. 27, 1984 6 Sheets-Sheet 5 WITNESS f INVENTOR JAMESß. ¿So/.ONGARO BY ATTORNEYS Oct. 18, 1938. J..D. BoLoNc-:ARO 2,133,802 APPARATUS'FOR CALCULATING THE SPACING QF TYPE FOR PRINTED MATTER Filedl NOV. 27. 1934A 6 Sheets-Sheet 6 ATTORNEYS 2,133,802 Patented Oct. 18, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFF-ICE 2,133,802 APPARATUS FOR CALCULATING THE SPAC ING 0F TYPE FOR PRINTED MATTER James D. Boiongaro, Charlottesville, Va. Application November 2_7, 1934, Serial No. 754,971 9 Claims. (Cl. 23S-61) This invention relates to the art of printing writing machine embodying my invention; Fig. 2 ‘ and more particularlyV to a device that may be is a section taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a partial front elevation and a partial vertical section of my device, through the line 3_3 of Fig. 2; Fig. 4 is a plan view of that portion of my de vice which is shown in_Fig. 3; Fig. 5 is a partial front elevation of my device looking along the line 5~5 in Fig. 2; Fig. 6 is an enlarged detail of used in combination with typewriting machines to determine the number of printed lines of a pre 5 determined type and length that the typewritten matter will occupy. In the printing art it is 'necessary to-predeter mine the spacing of the type that will be required to print the subject matter of a typewritten . a portion of my device looking along the line 6-6 10 manuscript or other copy, in order properly to of Fig. 2; Fig. 7 isa plan view of an Underwood 10 make up the printed matter and so that the lat typewriting machine embodying my invention, the ter will present a uniform and artistic appear carriage being removed; Fig. 8 is a rear elevation ance. This is particularly true in the printing of of Fig. 7 showing the carriage in position; Fig'. 9 books, magazines and periodicals which comprise 15 a plurality of successive pages over which the printed matter is to be distributed and which include other matter, such as illustrations, in serts, and the- like, which encroach upon the “sight" or printing field of the page. In such 20 publications, the pages are of the same size and the printing ñelds are uniformly dimensioned to receive a predetermined number of printed lines of given lengths. v ' It is the object of this invention to provide a 25 novel and simple device to be used in combination with a typewriting- machine that will additively give the number of printed lines of a predeter mined type and length that the typewritten mat ter will occupy as the matter is being typed, in 30 order that an editor may be enabled to lay out accurately before printing the amount of printed space that the typewritten manuscript or copy will occupy. According to my.invention there is provided means in cooperative relation with the carriage or ~ escapement wheel of a typewriter which moves a unit distance corresponding to the unit distance through which the carriage or escapement wheel moves after a type key or space bar has been de 40 pressed. Operatively connected to and controlled by such means is a gear member which rotates a corresponding unit distance proportional to the space occupied by a printed letter of predeter mined size, said gear being operatively connected 45 to means which operate a counting mechanism when the gear has moved a number of unit dis tances equivalent to the number of letter spaces contained in a printed line of a predetermined length. v - In the accompanying drawings I have illus trated several preferred embodiments of such ap paratus but would have it understood that my invention is not limited to these particular forms. Referring to th‘e accompanying drawings: Fig. 1 is a rear elevation of a Remington type is a partial vertical section taken on line 9-'9 of Fig. 8; Fig. 10 is a partial front elevation of my 15 device looking along the line Ili-iil of Fig. 7; Fig. 1l is a partial front elevation of my device looking along the line II-II >of Fig. 7; and Fig. 12 is a section taken on line I2--I2 of Fig. 10. ` Referring to Figs. 1 to 6 inclusive, the numeral 20 l indicates the customary base oi.' a Remington typewriting machine having comer pillars 2 af-fixed thereto upon which is mounted a top plate I1. Attached to the top plate I1 of the machine are the usual guide rails 5 which have their op 25 posite faces grooved for the reception of antifric tion rollers 5. The rollers are likewise received in the oppositely grooved rails l attached to the end bars 3 of the carriage which are provided with bearings to receive a platen shaft 'l on which 30 a rotative cylindrical platen 8 is mounted. 'I'he carriage in this machine comprising the end bars 3 and the rails l is thus mounted for sidewise movement over the top plate I'l of the machine. Attached to the top plate i1 is the usual bear 35 ing 22, in which is journalled shaft 2l having ' mounted thereon the escapement wheels 26, 21, the space back ratchet 25, and the rack gear 20, the latter meshing with the space rack Il which is attached by means of screws I2 to a frame 40 member Ill pivotally mounted at 9 on the car riage. A pivoted lever not shown is adapted to raise the space rack Il about its pivot 9. disen gaging it from the rack gear 20, in order that the 45 carriage may be moved freely from side to side without ail'ecting the other elements in the ma chine.v As stated above, the mechanism thus far de scribed constitutes part of the usual equipment 50 of the -Remington typewriting machine and fur ther detailed description of the known parts of such machine is deemed unnecessary and only those parts have been shown which cooperate with my device. 'I'he usual operation of the machine .55 2 2,133,802 is in no wise affected by the incorporation of my device therein as will be hereinafter explained. Extending rearwardly from and supported by tensioned pawl 45 is pivotally mounted at 46 upon. the supporting plate 3| and is adapted to ride over the teeth of ratchet 42 while the latter is >the space rack II are rods I3 which support a . rotating in the same rdirection that the carriage member I5 in parallel relation to the space rack moves during the operation of the machine, but II. Depending from and ñxedly attached to the when the carriage is moving in the opposite di member I5 by rivets I8 (Fig. 1) are bars I4, to the lower ends of . which is ñxedly attached by rivets i8 a rack I6 whose teeth are adapted to en 10 gage the teeth of a gear 36 mounted on shaft 34. rection,` the pawl 45 is adapted to engage the teeth in ratchet 42 to prevent rotation of shaft 48.' ‘Mounted on shaft 48 exteriorly of the support ing plate 3I is a disc 41 and gears 50 and 5I. Gears 66 and 5I are designed to have the same number of teeth that gears 20 and' 36 have. At tached to the supporting plate '3l is a bracket 53 supporting a leaf spring 52 that is adapted to ride on thelteeth of gear 5I to prevent over-running 15 of the shaft 48 so that the ge°ar will revolve By this arrangement the rack IB is rigidly sup ported by the space rack il, in parallel relation thereto, so that they move simultaneously >through. equal distances when the carriage is caused to move horizontally from side to side._ In a Remington machine of the type shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the carriage, upon which is rigidly through a distance of only one -tooth as the - mounted Vthe space rack II, _has a tendency to` space rack II is moved one letter space by the _ carriage. Thus, by move in one direction under the tension of a 20 spring member (not shown) mounted on the platen 8' is moved frame o'f the machine; to rotate gear ä?'and the ' through a distance , escapement wheels 26, 2l but is held in place by by a letter> of the an escapement pawl (not shown) which alter nately engages teeth in the escapement wheels. 25 26, 2l. When a type key is released after having typed the desired letter on a sheet of paper mounted on the platen, the escapement pawl; which at this stage holds the carriage in place through engagement with a tooth on the escape Sil mentwheel 26, is caused to move about its pivot into the >path of rotation of the escapement wheel 2l whose teeth are staggered with respect to the teeth on the escapement wheel 26 as shown in Fig. 1. The carriage is then free to move a portion of» a letter space, >whereupon it will be stopped by a tooth on the' escapement wheel 2l engaging the escapement pawl. When the next type key is depressed the escapement pawl is moved back into the path of rotation of escapement wheel 40 26 allowing the carriage to move the remainder of the letter space just before the type bar strikes the paper on the platen. Thus in this machine, thecarriage is allowed to move a portion of >one letter space in the direction of pulln of the spring as one type key is returning to its normal posi this arrangement, when the in the operating direction 20 equal to the space occupied particular type used in the machine, gear 50 through the racks I I and I6, and gear 36, shaft 34, disc 40, pawl and ratchet 44, 4l and shaft 48, isl rotated through a unit distance'corresponding to the space occupied by a typewritten letter. In the present instance gears 26, 36, 50 and 5I have twelve teeth so that when they havemade a complete revolution they will have moved a distance corresponding to the 4 space occupied by twelve letters of typewritten type on a sheet of paper. Rotatably mounted on the disc 4l at 55 so as to be _in mesh with gear 50 is an idler gear 54 connecting gear 50 with a gear 56 mounted on a shaft 5'! journalled in the supporting plates 3i, 32. Gear 55 is so designed that one complete revolution thereof corresponds to the number of letter spaces contained in a printed line of a predetermined'length._ In order to .arrive at the 40 dimensions ofthe gear 56, it is ñrst necessary to make an actual countof the letters.'marks and spaces between words (herein called letter spaces) on printed full lines of the medium in which the manuscript is to be printed and to 45 tion and the remainder of the letter space as make thatv count over an- extended number of , another type key is raised to strike. The teeth of the space rack Hand the gear 20 areof suclr a size that each 'one is equal in width to one letter space. Thus as the platen moves through such -*printed pages, say ten to twenty. From a a distance equal to the width of one letter space the rack I l and the gear 2l! move through a space -occupied by one tooth. As the rack II moves through a unit distance equal to the space oc 55 cupied by a typewritten letter, the rack I6 rigid ly attached thereto also moves through the same unit distance to rotate the gear 36 through a ~ corresponding unit distance. Gear 36 is similar to gear 20 so that astñe carriage moves through a letter space the two gears simultaneously move an equal unit distance with their respective shafts.> . f , ‘ large number of counted lines, the average num- ' ber of letter spaces in the lines _of such printed pages is obtained. This theoretical 'predeter 50 mined printed line gives me a yardstick which, I have found, enables me to determine with al most perfect precision or accuracy the space which will be occupied in the printed medium by a typewritten manuscript. Having determined the average number of letter spaces contained in full lines of the particular magazine or me dium in which the manuscript is to be incorpo rated, the gear is then designed so that one’com plete revoluti thereof corresponds to thel num 60 ber of letter spaces contained in ysucl'i predeter- ' mined printed line. `The same principles apply when" the tyi'Jewritteny matter is to be incorpo rated in a medium havingprinted'typeof a dif _ferent vkind or having a" sight page of diiïerent 65 65 l ed to on theits disc other di) at end43a is disc a 40.' spring-tensioned Pivotally attached pawl dimensions, the construction of the gear56 de-v 44 adapted to engage" the teeth of a ratchet 4I, ' pending _upon the new predetermined printed The shaft 34 is journalled in' a bearing 31 mounted on a supporting plate 32 and has mount which is mounted on the end of shaft 43, for line that is obtained. ‘v Attached tothe shaft 5l -. rotation in the same direction that the carriage ` is a cam 63, .adapted to 'engage and> vgradually movesfduring the operation of the machine, but _» when the carriage yis moved in the opposite di `depress a. roller 80 extendingfrom >the adjacent .70 »l rection »the pawl is adapted to ride over the teeth g of ratchet ¿it without actuating the latter. >end of a leverV 8l,V (Figs."3 anda) "plvot'ed at 82 Ion the supporting' _plate"_32,jas _the geen” is rotated during -the 'operative 'movement of the Mounted adjacent to or integral with the ratchet platen. ‘ As the one" end of4 the'lever '6I is :being 4I isaratchet 42 of smaller diameter. A spring- *l depressed by thexcarnv 63„the`other yend.v 2,138,802 lift a spring tensioned arm 65 on a counter mech anism 66. Cam 63 is so designed that when the gear 56 has made one complete revolution, the lever 6| has rotated the arm 65 against the ten sion of its spring to such a point that the counter mechanism 66 is caused to operate. 'I'he roller 66 supporting end of the lever 6| then returns to. its starting position under the influence of the spring tensioned arm 65, as the cam reaches 10 the positionl shown in Fig. 3. In this way there is registered in the counting mechanism the number of printed lines of a predetermined type and -length vthat the matter typed bythe machine would occupy. 15 . , Gear 56 i's interchangeable with other gears, each one of which is so designed that one com plete revolution corresponds to a printed line of a predetermined length having letter spaces of a predetermined-type. When it is desired to change gear 56, the bolt 46 which extends throug a guide or slot 49 in the disc 41 and engages the supporting plate 3|, is loosened and the disc is moved counter-clockwise (see Fig. 1) about the shaft 46 so that the gear 54 is disengaged from 25 the gear 56. Gear 56 may then be removed by removing the nut 66 and a new gear 56 put in its place. When the new gear has been posi tioned on the shaft 51, the disc 41 is moved clock wise‘until gears 56 and 54 are in mesh, the disc 30 being then locked in position by tightening the bolt and nut 46. ,. Gear 54 may also be replaced with another gear _if the one then on the machine d_oes not properly connect gear. 56 with thenew gear 56. In re 35 placing gear 54, the bolt andnut 46 are flrst removed to release the disc 41. 'I‘he gears 56 and 5| and the disc 41 are then removed from the shaft 46. Disc 41 is then replaced by another disc carrying a new gear 54 so positioned thereon that it .will mesh .with gear 56 when the latter is> replaced in the shaft 46. 'I'he bolt and nut 46 are then replaced to hold the disc 41 in position against the plate 3| wherein the -new gear 54 meshes with gears 66 and 56. ~ Thus by changing the arrangement of the gears the device may be 3 ’bracket 12 is a lever 69 whose free end 1| nor- mally rests on a flange of -a hub 66 mounted‘on the shaft 69 as shown in Fig. 2. When the knurled nut 61 is pushed to the rear, the hub 66 moves therewith allowing the free end of lever 69 to drop between _the disc 66 and the hub 66. A notch 13 in the free end of lever 69 is adapted to engage the shaft 59. In this position of the lever 69, the hub 66 serves as a stop to prevent Athe shafts 51 and 59 from returning to their 10 normal positions, under pressure of spring 6| whenever gear 56 meshes with gear 54, until lever 69 is tilted about its support 16 to disengage the notched end 1| from the shaft-‘59 and clear the hub 66. ’ -15 The supporting plates l3|, 32 ,are suitably mounted on a bracket 36 attached to the base | of the machine and are maintained in spaced relation by the sleeves- 33. In Figs. 'l to 12 inclusive,l there is shown another embodiment of my invention in com bination with an Underwood typewriting machine having the usual carriage slidably mounted on the longitudinal rods 66 and provided with bear ings to receive a platen shaft on which a rotat able cylindrical platen 66 is mounted. Attached 25 to ends 61 of the usual pivoted supporting arms is the space rack 66 which is adapted to ride on the gear 69 rotatably mounted on a shaft 96 journalled ln the bearing 9| (Fig. 7).. AA toothed escapement wheel 92 carrying a spring-tensionedl pawl 93v is mounted on the shaft 96, the pawl being adapted to engage the rotatably mounted gear 69 when' thecarriage is moving in one di~ rection under the pull of member 94 attached at 95 to the carriage and adapted to be wound about a spring tensioned reel 96 rotatably sup ported on a bracket'91 mounted on the frame 96. When _the carriage is moving in the opposite di-' rection against the pull of member 94, the pawl 99 is adapted to ride over the teeth of the gear 69 without imparting motion to the shaft 96 and the escapement wheel 92 which is prevented from rotating in that _direction by an escapement pawl (not shown) .' ' used to count letter spaces of typewritten matter ' The mechanism thus far described constitutes of a predetermined type in terms of printed lines ~ part of the usual equipment of the Underwood of various types and lengths. j Operatively attached to the shaft 51 by the 50 coupling member 6461s a shaft 59 slidably sup ported at its other end by ah bearing 65 in the typewriting machine and further detailed descrip tion of the machine is deemed unnecessary and only such parts have been shown as cooperate with the parts of my improved attachment. end of a bracket 12. A disc 66 is mounted on the Attached to the end of shaft 96 is a hub V| 66 end of shaft 59,» the disc having suitable legends ` having a disc |66 ñxedly attached at its outer thereon for dißerent positions of the cam 63, for end. A spring tensioned pawl |69 is pivotally 55 example the legends V4, V2, ‘V4 will indicate that mounted at |61 on the- disc |66 and adapted to the cam hasrotated through 90°, 180°, or 270° with its shaft 51 when in the position occupied by engage the teeth of a ratchet ||6 mounted on the arrow in Fig. 5, the latter lindicating that thev the shaft. |6| to move the ratchet through an cam is at its starting position as shown in Fig. 3. angular distance equal to that moved through by Attached to the outer end of shaft 59 is a knurled the gear 69 and the escapement wheel 92 when hand nut 61 by which the operator may rotate the carriage, in the operation of the machina' shaft 59 to bring the cam 63 and gear 56 to their moves through a unit distanceequal to that oc starting positions when the device is about to be cupied by a typewritten letter. The ratchet ||6 used or when itis desired that a short typewritten has the same number of teeth as the gear 69. es The'pawl |_69 is so positioned and the ratchet | I6 is so designed that the latter can be moved in independently of the typewriting machine. l only one direction by the pawl.l By this arrange Shafts 59 and 51 may be moved horizontally to ment the ratchet ||6 may be rotated by the disc . the rear by pressing the knurled nut 61 against the |43 without rotating shaft 96 as will be herein pressure of spring 6| seated between the sup after explained. The shaft |6| is~journalled in porting plate 3| and a collar 62 aillxed to the the supporting plates I|62, |66 whichare held 70 shaft -51 by. a set screw, to move gear 56 out of in spaced relation by .sleeves |64 and are sup engagement withgear- 54 so that the typewriting ported on a bracket |66 mounted on the frame line shall occupy a single printed line. In the >latter case. the counter 66 is caused to operate machine may be operated without operating the countingy mechanism. Pivoted at 16 on the of the machine by screws |65 which threadedly engage said bracket. A spur gear ||| having the f 2,138,802 4 same number of teethas the ratchets >| I0 and 89 twenty unit distances corresponding t'o the space occupied by twenty letters of a predetermined is also mounted'on the shaft i0 I. ` Thus the carriage, towhich is rigidly attached print. If gear |30 is designed for a printed line the space rack 88, has a tendency to move in one having twenty letter spaces of the predetermined direction `under the tension of» member, 941:0 print, it will make one complete revolution while rotate the gear 89 and throughA fthev pawl 93 rotate the escapement wheel 92, shaft 90, hub |00, disc |08, and through pawl |09 rotate ratchet - H0, shaft |0|, and gear |||. It is held in place, gear |20 is moving through twenty unit distances. , The manner Ain which the dimensions ofthe gear i3d-are determined in order that, such gear may> be used for counting lines for a particular printed however, by an escapement pawl (not shown) medium, is the same as that described with re ’ which prevents rotation of the escapement wheel spect to gear 56. 0n the shaft |3| intermediate the supporting in either direction but is adapted to move out of engagement therewith when a depressed'type key plate |02 and a lever |35 rotatably mounted on a is released, to allow the escapement wheel to ro -f screw member |05', is ñxed a cam |36 similar-.to tate through the space occupied by one tooth.. The cam 63 on tha Remington machine. `Attached to carriage is then free to move through a distance the lever |35, adjacent its free end, is an arm occupied by one letter space and carries the space |3`| adapted to ride on the cam |36. Rotatably> supported on a screw member |38 which is in rack 88 with- it. The rack 88, the gear 89, escape ment wheel 92 and -the ratchet ||0 and gear ||| threaded engagement with the free endof lever |35 is a _rod |39 adapted to slidably engage at -20 20 which in this'. case have the same number of teeth its'other end an arm |40 on a counter mechanism as gear 4_89, and escapement wheel 9.2, all move - through the space occupied by one tooth when the carriage moves through a distance equal to the space occupied by a typewritten letter. In other words, as the carriage moves throughv a unit distance equal to a letter` space these ele ments move through corresponding unit dis tances. ` _ , ‘ Meshed with gear I || is a spur gear ||2 (Fig. 9) 80 mòunted on a shaft | I3 journalled on the support ing plates |02, |03. Also mounted- on shaft,||3, intermediate the supporting plates |02, |03, is a miter gear ||4 in mesh with a miter gear ||5 mounted on the end of a shaft ||6I rotatably supported in the bearings |21, |20 (Fig. 7) mount ed between` the supporting plates |02, |03. A `miter gear ||'| is mounted on the other end of shaft ||6 in mesh with a miter gear- |-|8 mounted` on the shaft I I9 vrotatably supported by the plates 40 |02, |03. Mounted on a shaft ~||9 exteriorlyhof the supporting plate |03 is a spur gear |20. Gear ||2 is by this arrangement operatively connected to gear |20. The spur gears II2, |20 and miter gears | I4, II5, |I1 and >| I8 have the same number 45 of teeth so that movement by any one will rotate the others a similar amount about their respec tive shafts. In the present instance they have more teeth than gear III 'so that they move through angular unit distances smaller than that of gear |||.v By this construction gear |20 moves through a unit distance proportional tothe unit distance travelled by the carriagey in moving through the space occupied by one letter type. 55 |4| supported by the plates |02, |03. An abut ment |42 is provided on the rod |39 upon which the free end of arm |40 rests, the rod thus oscillat ing the arm |40 as it is lifted with the end of lever 25 |35 by the cam |36. Thus by this arrangement when the gear |30 is caused to rotate, cam |36 will gradually raise the lever |35 about its pivot, through the medium of arm |31, causing the rod |39 to rotate »fthe lever |40. Cam |36 is so . designed that when the gear |30 has made one complete revolution, the lever |35,and rod |39 have rotated the arm |40 to such a point that the counter mechanism is caused to operate. In this way there is registered in the counting-mech anis/m the number of printed lines of a predeter mined type and length that the matter being type written would occupy. A disc |43 is fixed to the forward end of >shaft |3|, the disc having suitable legends thereon in a , manner similar to disc 66 of the Remington ma chine above described to> indicate the angular position of cam |36. The disc |43 may also be ro tated by hand to 'bring the cam |36 to its starting position or to rotate the cam to register a printed 45 line even though the typewritten line has ended as in the case where _a paragraph has ended or a short typewritten line is to occupy a single printed line as in the case of dialogue. In a manner similar to shaft 59 of the Rem- . ington machine the shaft |3| -may be shifted axially-_to the rear by pushing the end |44 of shaft |3|- inwardly against the pressure of spring Rotatably mounted on a stud shaft |22 -at- _ |46 (Fig. 12) to disengage gear |30 from gear I2|, so that the typewriting machine may be operated tached to a disc |23, is a spur gear I2| connect ing gear |20 with a spur gear |30.A The disc |23 which supports the gear I2|, is movably mounted on the shaft ||9 but is ordinarily held in a prede without operating the counting mechanism. There' is also'provided a pawl or lever |45 piv oted on the bracket |33 which ordinarily rides on ' termined position thereon by a screw |24 which 60 extends through' a slot |25 in the disc |23 and is _the flange of a hub |4'I attached to, the shaft |3| butwhich is adapted to drop in front of said hub of the screw |24 and the disc |23 to provide a tàìrward until the lever> |45 is lifted clear of its- in threaded engagement with the supporting plate |03. A _washer |26 is provided between the head larger surface contact between these parts. Gear when the shaft -|3| is shifted to the rear to serve as a stop to prevent the shaft |3| from moving nge. - |30 is mounted on a'shaft |3| rotatably and slid , regard In a-manner to the changing simuaroftogears that54described and 56 onwith the " 65 ably supported by the supporting plates |02,- |03 Remington machine the respective gears I2| and and by a bearing |32 in the end of a- bracket |33 |30 may be changed so that the device will count mounted by screws |34 on the frame of the ma chine. Gear |30 is so designed that one complete the matter typed by the machine in terms> of printed hues, of other types and lengths.> I 70 70 revolution. corresponds to the number of letter 11ans.. according .to the . structures described. spaces .contained in a predetermined printed line. Thus, for example, „if gear |20, which moves a unit when the escapement pawl in either the Reming distance corresponding to the distance travelled by ton or Underwood typewriting machines allows -_ the carriage in moving a letter' space, is caused` the carriage to move through a distance equal 'to to move twenty unit distances, gear |30 will move thespace -occupied by a typewritten" letter. after ' f . ` I 2,183,802 a.type key or the space bar has been operated, there is caused to move through a corresponding unit distance a gear (gear 5I in the Remington machine and gear |20 in the Underwood ma chine) which is operatively connected either to the carriage, as in the Remington machine, or to the 'escapement wheel, as in the case of the Underwood machine. This gear, which is oper atively connected to a second gear (gear 56 in 10 the Remington machlne'and gear I 30 in the Un derwood machine) causes the latter to move a 5 tioned mechanism and said translating mecha nism for 4enabling the latter to be actuated by said modifying means while said surface is at rest, and a counting >mechanism operatively con nected to said translating mechanism and said modifying means and arranged to register the number of lines of the different type. l 2. In a machine for printing on a surface char acters of a predetermined type in lines of a pre determined length, the combination with mech 10 anism for moving said surface through character corresponding unit distance proportional to , space distances during the printing operation, of the space occupied by a letter of printed type. cooperating instrumentalities operatively con The second` gear is so designed that it makes a ' nected to.such mechanism and including means complete revolution when it has moved lthrough a number of unit distances corresponding to the number of spaces of type contained in a prede termined printed line. In both- machines there is mounted on the same shaft with the second gear, a cam which is so designed that when the second gear makes a complete revolution it causes a counting vmechanism operatively connected thereto, _to operate. Thus there is registered in the counting device, as the matter to be printed is being typed, the number of lines of print of a predetermined length and type that the type written matter will occupy. From the foregoing it_will be seen that my invention makes it possible for authors who type write their own manuscripts, and for printing or publishing houses where matter to be printed is first put in typewritten form, to know as soon as the manuscript is typewritten how many adapted to translate the unit movements of said 16 surface as it is advanced during the printing operation into the number of lines which the mat ter being printed will occupy in a diiferent me dium having predetermined lines of a different type and length than the lines of characters 20 being printed, means operable to modify the ac tion of said translating means to include in such line count the spacings which will appear in the different medium after paragraph endings of such matter, means intermediate said mecha nism and said translating means for enabling the latter to be actuated by said modifying means while said surface is at rest and a counter con- ' I nected to said translating means and said modi tying means andarranged to register the total number of lines of the different type. 3. 'I'he combination with a typewriting ma-` chine,'of mechanism for calculating the number printed lines of a given length and-type, the of lines of a predetermined length and of a sec manuscript will require. Placing this informa ond size of type that the typewritten matter will tion in the hands of an editor will save him much time and trouble in laying out the magazine or periodical as he `.can plan it just as he would like occupy in a diiferent medium comprising, coop erating instrumentalities operatively connected to the typewriter mechanism and including means adapted to translate the number of letter spaces produced by depressing the type keys and space~ bar in the operation of the typewriting machine while I have illustrated and described two em- _ into the number of predetermined lines of said bodiments of my invention in combination with second size of type that the matter being typed a Remington and an Underwood typewriting will occupy in the diiîerent medium and including machine, it will be understood that it can be used mechanism able to modify the action of said in combination with any typewriting machine and translating means to include in said line count that'various changes in the form, construction the spacings which will appear in the different and arrangement of the several parts may be medium after paragraph _endings of such matter resorted to withoutv departing from the spirit and a counter arranged to register the number and scope of my invention; hence I do not wish of lines of said second type as modified by said 50 to limit myself strictly to the structure herein to have it without being subjected to the neces sity of rearrangement and modification when the copy is returned from the printer. mechanism. set forth. What is claimed is: “ ' ì 4. The combination with a typewriting ma Y ' . chine, of mechanism‘for calculating the number l. In'a machine for printing on a siu'face char < of lines off. a predetermined length and of a second size of type that the typewritten matter will oc acters of a predetermined type in lines of a pre 55 cupy in a different medium comprising, cooper determined length, the combination with mech ating instrumentalities operatively connected to anism for advancing said surface through char the` typewriter mechanism and including means acter space distances during the printing oper ation >of the machine, of means controlled by adapted to translate the number of letter spaces such mechanism and arranged to move through produced by depressing the type keys and space 60 unit distances as said surface is advanced through bar in the operation of the typewriter into the the character space distances in the printing number of predetermined lines of said second size operation of the machine, translating mechanism of type that the matter being typed will occupy in the diiferent medium and including co-act connected to said first named means and oper able to translate the unit movements of said first ing mechanism operable to modify the action of named means during the advancing.movements 'said translating means to4 include in said line of said mechanism into the number of lines which count spaci?gs other than those spaces which the matter being printed will occupy in a different will be occupied by the printed characters and which will appear in the printed iield of thel dif medium having predetermined lines of a differ ent type and ‘length than the lines of characters ferent medium, means intermediate the type 70 being printed, means operable to modify the ac writer _mechanism and said translating means tion- of said translating mechanism to include in for enabling the latter to be actuated by said auch line count the spacings which will appear in l coacting mechanism while the type keys and >the different medium after paragraph endings of space bar of the typewriter are at rest, a counter lsuch matter, means intermediate said first men connected to said translating means for regis 2,133,802 teringthe number of lines of said second type as >as the platen is advancing, a shaft supporting- ' modiñ'ed by said coactingmechanlsm, and means included inA said coacting mechanism for inter said second-named gear and a cam which is ñxedly secured thereto, a’ counter, means intermediate said counter and said cam andcooperating .with without affecting the operation of the typewriter. the latter to cause said counter to register every 5. The combination with a typewriting ma- ì time said second-named gear has moved through chine', of mechanism for calculating the number a number of unit distances equivalent to the ' rupting the coactive relation of said mechanism of lines of a predetermined length and of a sec ond size of type that the typewritten matter will 10 occupy in a different medium comprising, a gear number of letter spaces in a predetermined line ofI said second type and co-acting mechanism connected with said second-named gear and op erable to modify said line count to include the operatively connected with the typewriter for moving through unit distances as the platen ad _ spacings 4which will appear in the diiferent me-A dium after paragraph endings of such matter. vances through character space distances dur ing the printing operation, a second gear con- f 8. The combination with a typewriting ma 15 nected to said first-named gear and adapted to move through unit distances proportional to the chine, of mechanism for calculating the number spaces occupied by the characters of , said second ond size of type that the typewritten matter will occupy in a diiîerent medium comprising, cooper type ias the platenis advancing, a counter, means intermediate said 'second-named _gear and said counter- for intermittently operating the latter every time said second-named gear has moved through a number of unit distances equivalent to the number of letter spaces in a predetermined line of said second type and co-acting mechanism connected with said intermediate means and op erable to modify the action of such meansl to include in said „line count the spacings which ating instrumentalities operatively connected to the typewriter mechanism and adapted to trans 20 late the number of letter spaces produced by de pressing the type keys and space bar in the op eration of the typewriter into the number of pre determined lines of> said second type that the matter. being typed will occupy in the different 25 medium, said cooperating instrumentalities in cluding a counter arranged to register the number will appear in_the different medium after para of lines of said second type and means connected ~ graph endings of such matter. with said counter and operable to _actuate the ' 6. The combination with a typewriting ma chinefof mechanism for calculating the number of lines of a predetermined length and of a sec ond size of type'that the typewritten matter will latter -independently to count letter' spaces in terms of~lines of said second type and co-acting with said instrumentalities to modify said line count- to include the spacings which will appear occupy in a different medium comprising, a gear in the different medium after paragraph endings operatively connected with the typewriter for moving through unit distances as the platen ad vances through character space distances during of such matter. I the printing operation, a second gear connected to said ñrst-named gear so. as to move relative to ‘ _45 of lines of a predetermined length and of a sec „ _ 9. In a machine for printing on a surface char acters of a predetermined type in lines of a pre determined length, -the combination with mech. anism for moving said surface through character space distances during the printing operation, of the latter during the advancing movement of the platen and being so designed that one complete means controlled by such mechanism and ar rangedvto move through unit distances as said revolution thereof corresponds to the- total num ber> of spaces in a predetermined line of said surface is advanced through the character space second type, a counter, means intermediate said distances, cooperating instrumentalities opera second-named gear and said counter for inter - tively connected to said first-named means and 45 mittently operating the latter every time said operable to translate. the unit movements of said second-named gear makes a complete revolution ñrst-named means into the number of lines which and co-acting mechanism connected with said second-named gear and operable to modify the the `matter being printed will occupy in a differ ent medium having predetermined lines of a dif action of such gear to` include in said line count ferent type and length than the lines of charac 50 the spacings which will appear in the different ters being printed, said instrumentalities includ medium after paragraph endings of such matter. - ing a counting device arranged to register the number of lines of the diiîerent type, and indi 7. The-combination with a typewriting ma chine, of mechanism for calculating the number cating‘means separate from said counting device 'and connected to said instrumentalities, said of lines of a predetermined length and of a sec 65 ond size of type that the typewritten matter will indicating means being operable by said instru occupy in a different medium comprising, a gear l mentalities to visually indicate to the operator operatively connected with the typewriter for the condition of a particular line count and being so arranged with respect to said instrumentalities moving through unit distances as the platen ad vances through character space distances during that they may be independently operated to mod 60 the printing operation, a second gear connectedi ify the operation of said counting device without to said ñrst-named gear and adapted to move aiîecting the operation of the machine. _ through unit distances proportional to the spaces occupied by the characters of said second type JAMES D. ` B_OLONGARO.