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Патент USA US2133912

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.Octu18,1938.
.__ B, ARMSTRONG v
_
‘ 2,133,912
RAIL SUPPORTING AND SECURING MEANS»
Filed Oct. 2, 1957
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Oct. 18, 1938.
I ‘ v
|_, B. ARMSTRQNG
’ 2,133,912
RAIL SUPPORTING AND SECURING MEANS
Filed 001;. 2, 1937
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
10
15
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12
INVENTORV
ATTORNEY§
'
Patented Oct. 18, 1938
v 2,133,912
UNITED s'rAl-"Es PATENT oFFlcr. ~
r 2,133,912"
nan. surroa'rmc AND SECURING MEANS _
Levi Borden ArmstronglGreat Neck, N. Y; as~~ ~
signor to The Lundle Engineering. Corporation.
New ‘York, N.‘ Y.” a corporation of NcwYork'
' Application October 2, 1931,v SerialNo. 166,91; ~
3 Claims.
(01. 21381-349)
‘
'
The present invention relates to rail supporting
and securing means. Its general object is the. .drilled therein at ‘locations adapted vto line up
provision 01' new and improved means for properly .
yet resiliently holding a rail ona tie-plate and for
5 I immovably securing the latter to a rail tie. ’
Experience has shown that the so-called “wave
with the openings "in the tie-plate, so‘ ‘as to i'acili
tate attachment of the rail'to the tie-plate and ‘
attachment or the tie-plateto the tie, bythe
means which will now be described. '
f4
5
In the two embodiments of the invention‘, illusmotion” of a railroad rail, produced by movement : trated
in Figs. 1 to 4 and in Flgs.'5 and 6 respec
of the rolling stock thereon, has a tendency to " tively, the means which holds the rail in engage
pull out of the tie the spikes by which the rail
10 or tie-plate or both are’secured to’ the tie, and
alsotolift the tie out of the ballast. By the use
of devices embodying the present invention, a rail
is securely yet resiliently hold in engagement with
the tie-plate and the latter is immovably secured
.15 to the tie, so that the ‘wave motion orthe rail is
-
‘ ..ment with the tie-plate‘includes a'plurality or‘
bolts each having a rectansularshanh ll’ pro»: 10
vided with av pointed hooked or oil-set end llot
"the form ShownQthe" other end "of said bolt
being threaded and‘carryinga nut ll. .Itwill be ‘ '
understood from the drawings that ‘the rel-m or
the‘ shankportion ‘l5 and oil-set end ll of ‘each, 16
allowed to take place without producing the ob of
bolts is such that said bolt is adapted to‘
jectionable results above mentioned. Other ad-' be said
inserted ‘in one of; the'rectangular, openings in‘
vantages resulting from the use of thepresent > the
from the topside thereof,v in a posh
invention will hereinafter be pointed out in de > tiontie-plate,
inclined
to
said tie-plate and away from the
‘
20 scribing the embodiments thereof. which are.
'
rail,
with
the‘o?-set
end
‘projecting
into
the
hold-20
illustrated in‘ the drawings.
,,
in the tie, and then to be swung into'a position at
Fig. _1 is an elevation‘. partly in section of a right angles to the tie-plate v(as shown in the
rail supporting and securing means whichmay drawings) with the oil-set end of the bolt inen
‘be regarded as a preferred, embodiment of. they gagementwith the bottom. 01' the tie-platen In v
25 invention; Fig. 2 is a plan view of what is-shown - manipulating the bolts into the positions shown 25
.in Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the spring
clip shown in Figs. 1 and 2; Fig. 4 is a section on
the line 4-4 of Fig. 3 showing the cambered or
convex end of said clip which engages the ?ange
30 ‘of the rail; Fig. 5 is an elevation,-partly.in sec
tion, similar to Fig. 1 but showing a modi?edform
oi.’ spring clip; and Fig. 6 isa plan viewoi' the
spring clip illustrated in Fig. 5,. prior tobeing
bent into theform shown in Fig. 5'. ‘ Like parts
35- are referred to‘ ‘throughout the drawings by the
same or similar reference characters. 1
Y‘ .'
_
Referring‘, to Figs. 1, 2 and 5 a railway rail 8.
having base ?anges 9, is shown resting upon a
tie-plate l0 of a well-known form having ribs ll ’
40 between which the base ?anges‘ of the rail are
received._ The tie-plate I0 is shown as provided
- with four "openings .therethrough, at least} two
of which ‘are non-circular and preferably rec
tangular and pass through the ribs ll so' as to
45 be adjacent the location of the edges oi’ the rail
?anges 9, while the other openings through the
in Figs‘. 1 and 5,‘ after the oil-set ends .I‘ have
been inserted inlthe tie-plate, in ‘a position in
clined to the tie-plate andiaway from the‘ rail as
above mentioned, it is only necessary to subject
the-bolts to the blow of_ a‘ hammer to bring them 30 7
into the vertical positions shown in which the
pointed o?-se't endsjor the bolts are jammed into
the sides of the holes in the tie, as, will be under
stood from- Figs. 1 and‘5._ Therefore, no special
tool is required to manipulate the bolts into the 35
position shown ‘in the drawings. The shank'
portions ii of the bolts being non-circular and
preferably rectangular in cross-section,v said .
bolts are incapable of rotation in the rectangular
openings in‘ thetie-plate when the. bolts are in 40
the positions shown in_;Figs. ‘1 and 5.
_
‘ r
:
In both, of theembodimentsvoi' the invention
herein illustrated. each bolt. carries a spring clip '
whichfengages the rail ?ange and the top of the V ,.
tie~plate. The spring clip, which is shown in side '45 '
elevation‘ in Fig. 1 and in perspective in Fig.v 3,
has a hole 'IOItherein slightly larger than the
plate. It will be understood, however, that the threaded portion ll 'of thebolt; and said vclip
number and location of tlfe openings through has at one side a downwardly and inwardlybent
50 the tie-plate may be varied without departing portion 2| adapted to engage the rail ?ange,'and 50
tielplate are located nearer the edges of the tie
from the, spirit of the invention, although it is
desirable that the non-circular openings be
located in the positions described. The railway
tie l2, prior to impregnation with a preservative
55 as is customary in railway practice, has holes
at the other side has a downwardly bent’ portion
22 adapted to engage the top of'the tie-plate, in
the manner shown in Fig. v1. The ‘downwardly
and inwardly bent portion 2| of: theclip is of
such a length that its end engages one side of the 55 o
9,183,912
rectangular shank portion IE of the bolt, thereby
preventing the clip from being rotated on the bolt
either while the nut I8 is being screwed down or
by the wave movement of the rail. Furthermore,
as best shown in Figs. ligand 4, the downwardly
non-cylindrical shank of said bolt whereby the
clamp is held against turning with relation to said
bolt, said clamp having on its other side a down
wardly bent portion adapted to engage the tie
plate at a substantial distance from the point at
which said downwardly and inwardly bent por-é
tion is adapted to-engage the rail ?ange, and
and inwardly bent portion 2i of the clip has a
cambered portion providing a concave surface 23
on its outside which engages the top of the rail anut adapted to be run down on the screw
?ange 9 in a way'that permits wave motion 'of the threaded end of said bolt and to engage the clamp
10 rail without nicking or cutting of the rail ?ange _ intermediate its ends and to ?ex the same longi
10
by the edges of the clip. Thus it will be apparent ' tudinally of said bolt toward the non-cylindrical
that the spring clip shown in Figs. 1 to 4, in coop
shank thereof whereby the clamp may be placed
eration with its bolt, securely and yet resiliently
holds the rail on the tie-plate I0.
15
7
The modi?ed form of spring clip shown in Figs.
5 and 6 will now be described.
This clip has a
hole 10' therein, adapted to receive the threaded
portion of the bolt, and on one side has the down
wardly and inwardly bent portion 2|’ and on ‘the
under tension while engaging the tie plate and
‘ the base ?ange of the raila
2. For use in holding the'base ?ange of a rail ll
resiliently on a tie plate, a bolt'adapted to be
anchored to" said tie plate and having a non
cylindrical shank adapted to assume a vertical
position adjacent the base ?ange of the rail and
having a cylindrical screw-threaded upper end, a
The portion 2l',_instead of merely abutting. the spring clip having a hole therein adapted to re
shank of the bolt, is extended and is provided ceive the-s'crew-threaded end of said bolt and
with a rectangular opening 24 thereinof such a having at one side a downwardly and "inwardly
size'that it. is. capable of receiving the rectangular bent portion presenting a convex surface adapted
shank of the bolt. I In this way, the clip is, pre
to engage the‘rail ‘?ange and provided with an
vented from rotating on the bolt as the nut is edge shaped to continuously contact and to as
screwed down. As will be obvious fromFig. 5, the sume substantially, abutting engagement with a
downwardly and inwardly bent portion 2|’ of the portion of the surface ‘of the non-cylindrical
‘ clipengages the top of the rail ?ange 9; and the ' shank of said bolt whereby the clamp‘ls held
downwardly bent portion 22", which is preferably against turning with‘ relation to saidbolt, said
of‘ the form. shown inFlg. 5, engages the top clamp having on its'other side a downwardly bent
of the tie-plate ill. .Thus the bolt and spring clip portion adapted to'e'ngage the tie plate at a sub
shown in Fig. 5 serve to securely and yet resil~ stantial distance from the point at which said
other side has the downwardly bent portion 22'.
' iently hold the rail in contact’with the tie-plate.
‘It is ‘of importance that the tie-plate be held
immovably on the top of the tie.‘ For this pur
pase, I have utilized the form of spikeshown in
Fig. 1, which has been found to be highly satis
factory. This spike has theusual head 25, but
its shank 26 is characterized by the fact that one
or more of the'surfaces thereof is made corrugated
or wavy as shown in the drawings. ' When such a
downwardly and inwardly bent portion'is adapt
ed to engage the rail ?ange, and a nut adapted
to be run down ong'the screw-threaded end of
said bolt and to-eng‘age the clamp intermediate
its ends and to ?ex the same longitudinally of
said vbolt'toward the non-cylindrical shank there
of whereby the clamp may be placed under ten
sion while engaging the tie'plate and the base
?ange of therail.
'
’
>
,
g,
spike is driven into the tie, preferably into a pre- , a 3. For‘ use in holding the'base ?ange of a rail
viously drilled hole therein, the expansion of the resiliently onv a tie plate, a bolt adapted to be
45 wood into the wavy formations‘ on the shankv of
the spike eifectively prevents it from being worked
out of the tie by movement of ‘ the rail as the roll
anchored to said tie plate and having a non-cy
lindricalshank adapted to assume a vertical po
sition adjacent the base ?ange of the rail and
having a cylindrical screw-threaded upper‘end,
ing stock passes over it. 'I‘herefore,'the tie-plate
is immovbly held in contact with the top ;of the a spring clip having a holetherein adapted to re
tie. Thus the bolts and spring clips ,and'the par
ceive‘ the-screw-threaded ‘end of said bolt and
ticular spike which are herein described and illus having
at one side a downwardly and inwardly
trated, cooperatively serve to properly hold the bent‘ portion ‘adapted toengage the rail ?ange
rail securely and yet resiliently on the tie-plate, and provided with an opening conforming sub
and to hold the tie-platefimmovably on the tie, stantially to the cross-sectional contour of the
55 in spite of the stresses and strains to which they non-cylindrical shank of said bolt and adapted
are subjected while in use.
_
to receive such shank whereby the clamp is held
What is claimed is:
_
_
r
against turning with relation to said ,bolt, .said
I 1. For use in holding the base ?ange of a rail
resiliently‘ on a tie plate, a bolt adapted to be an
chored to said tie plate and having a non-cylin
drical shank adapted to assumes. vertical posi
tion adjacent the base ?ange of the rail and hav-'
ing a cylindrical screw-threaded upperv end,'_v a
spring clip having a hole therein adapted to re
65‘ ceive the screw¢threaded end of said bolt and
having at one 'side a downwardly and inwardly
clamp having on its other side a downwardly bent
portion adapted to engagethe tie plate at a sub
stantial distance from the point at which said
downwardly and inwardly bent portion is adapted
to engage the rail ?ange, and a nut adapted to be
run down onlthe screw-threaded end of said bolt
and to engage the clamp intermediate its ends and
to ?ex the same longitudinallyv of .said bolt to
ward the non-cylindrical shank thereof whereby
bent portion adapted to engage the rail ?ange. the clamp may be placed under tension while en
and provided with an edge‘ shaped to continuously gaging the tie plate and the base ?ange of,the rail.‘
contact and to assume substantialLv abutting en
70 gagement with a portion of the surface of the
LEVI BORDEN ARMSTRONG-l
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