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Патент USA US2134032

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oct. 25, 1938.
9 Sheets-Sheet 1
Filed Aug. 17, 1936
DA v/o A. C24 wFoQD
l Arzt-¿ANDER E. Mdm/NON
Filed Aug. 17, 1936
9 sheets-’sheet 2
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Oct. 25, 1938'.>
l5. A. CRAWFORD efr Al.
Filed Aug. 17,~ 1956
9 sheets-sheet s ‘
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ALEM/vase E. Mdm/NON'
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Oct. 25,A 1938.`
Filed Aug. 17, 193s
9 sheéts-sheet 4
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Oct. 25, 1938.
Filed Aug. 17, 1936
9 Sheets-Sheet 5
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/NVEN 70,425
ALEXANDER E. Mc/f/N/vo/v
. CARL /-/.A 'EL
Oct. 25, 1938.
Filed Aug. 1‘7, 1936
9 Sheets-Sheef. 6
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Oct. 25, 1938..
Filed Aug. 17, 193s
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Oct. 25,v 1938.
Filed Aug. 17, 1936
9 Sheets-Sheet 9
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Patented Oct. 25, 1938
David A. Crawford, Golf, Alexander E. McKin
non, Homewood, and Carl H. Apel, Chicago, Ill.,
assign‘ors to The Pullman Company, Chicago,
Ill., a corporation of Illinois
Application August 17, 1936, Serial No. 96,480
20 Claims. (Cl. 105-315)
"The invention relates to railway sleeping cars section showing the seat at the end opposite that
indicated in Fig. 2 and adjacent fixed portion of
and has particular reference to the interior ar
rangement involving the use o_f metal partitions the aisle partition fitted with foldable washstands
designed to convert the customary open berth for upper and lower compartments and the hinged '
5 sections upon opposite sides of la central aisle panel portion closed and sliding door open to show 5
into private upper and lower compartments with the seat of Fig-2 in a like section upon opposite
separate entrances and dressing spaces for each side of the aisle normally covered by the hinged
compartment with provision for a foldable» stair
* wayunder control of the occupant for convenient
l0 access to the upper compartment.
An important feature of the invention resides
in the system of aisle partitions arranged longi
tudinally of the car and adapted for use with
berth sections of the standard Pullman car
‘l5 whereby the seats of the section, when made up
as a berth, will supplement the partition to com
plete the lower compartment, and the pivoted
bunk above th-em, when lowered, will form with
said partition the upper compartment of the sec
20 tion, each berth section being separated from next
adjacent section by transverse partitions con-,
necting the longitudinal partitions to adjacent
car sides. Another feature of the invention uti
lizes the air conditioning equipment of the car for
25 Ventilating _the compartment spaces, the circula
tion of the air in the compartments being facili
tated by the use of louvered panels in the aisle
partitions providing communication with the air
outside the compartments.
The installation permits the application of
lavatory equipment for each compartment and
toilet Vaccessories for the convenience of the occu
Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 2 showing the sec
tion converted intoupper and lower` compart- l0
ments and the aisle partition adjusted to provide
separate entrances to the compartments with
dressing space curtains operatively secured to the
partition and showing, also, the foldable stairway
to.,upper compartment removably mounted yupon l5
the partition at one side of the entrance to lower
Fig. 5 is an elevational View of the aisle parti- ~
tion from the inside of a berth section with a
vertical section thru the transverse partitions 20
taken on line 5--5 of Fig. 1, and showing the
sliding door closed and its position in the assem
bly w'lth respect to the opening to the upper
compartment and location of the lavatories;
Fig. 6 is a similar view of the aisle partition 25
from the aisle side showing the entrance to the<
upper compartment closed by a louvered flexible
sliding door, the view showing the door in the
partition of the next adjacent section in partially
raised position, the relative positions and pro-' 30
portions of upper and lower compartment win
dows being indicated in broken lines;
Fig, 7 is a vertical transverse section of one
pants, certain of the equipment being availablefor use during periods when upper compartment side of the car taken on line 1-1 of Fig. 6, thru
35 is not made up forroccupancy, as will hereinafter
The foregoing and other objects of the in
vention are achieved by the mechanism illustrated
in the accompanying drawings, in which-.- ‘
Fig. l' is a general plan of a sleeping car
equipped in accordance with the invention, show
ing a series of the section compartments arranged
-upon opposite sides of a central aisle, a bedroom
the aisle partition sliding door showing the 35
Y mounting of the door and dressing space curtain
upon the partition, the foldable lavatories closed
upon the inner face of the partition with respect
to lowered and raised positions of the upper bunk
and bunk apron, and the observation windows and 4o
adjustable shutter arrangement in the car wall of
the upper compartment and showing the rela-'
tion of such windows to those of the lower com
~ and a iixéd compartment opening to a side aisle,
Fig. 8 is a similar `View showing the lavatories 45
45 additional toilet . facilities supplementing those
of the section compartments, and space for air « on the partition opened for use, the upper bunk
conditioning apparatus upon opposite sides of a
second -central aisle;
Fig. 2 is a general perspective View from the
50 aisle of the car showing the compartment aisle
partition in position with the sliding door opened
and the hinged panel portion swung back to ex
pose thesection interior and seat at one end of the
Fig. 3 is a similar view from the inside of the
having been previously lowered, _and the upper
lavatory dropped from its normal closed position
shown in Fig. 7, and the relative positions of the
observation windows of the upper compartment 50
andVthe-curtain balancing roller casing;
Fig. 9 is a similar view taken on line 9-9 -of
Fig. 6, thru the hinged panel portion of the parti
tion and the flexible sliding door within its hous
ing beneath the, car roof, and showing in broken 55
lines the ladder and curtain operating mechanism
providing dressing space for upper compartment;
Fig. 10 is a vertical transverse section thru the
upper portionI of the sliding door for the lower
compartment taken on line IIl-IU of Fig. ,5, and
showing the louvered closure‘panel for ,th/e upper
compartment mounted independently of the slid
ing door‘and forming a portion of the compart
ment partition at the aisle when the sliding door
10 is open;
thru door 23 of the bulkhead. From the vesti
bule a central passageway 24 leads to the wom
en’s toilets 25 and 26 on opposite sides of the car
and to entrance 2'I at the front end of the‘car
giving access to other cars of the train. From
the vestibule I 6 access is had to linen lockers
30 and 3I and switchboard lockers 32.
Entrance to space rearwardly of bulkhead I1
is had thru door 35 leading to side aisle or pas
sageway 36 at the side of the car giving access to 10
Fig. 1-1 is a horizontal section thru the bottom ' compartment I8 and bedroom I9 thru doors 31
support and guide for the closure panel taken on
line II-II of Fig. 10, showing the combination
panel support and light excluding bar wedged
15 in position between the free edge of the upper
on line I2--I 2 of Fig. 5, showing its junction with
car. From vestibule 40 access is had to men’s 15
toilets 44, 45 and 46 and through a second cen
tral passageway 41 to compartments 49- and 50
housing the air conditioning apparatus and to
rear door 5I. The vestibule 40 accommodates a
yporter’s seat 52 and gives access to lockers 53
containing electric control equipment for the air
a continuation of the guide rail on the standard
conditioning system.
bunk Vand the aisle partition post members;
Fig. 12 is a fragmentary elevational view of one
of the ñxed guide rails and supports for the
_ilexible sliding door and covered by an underlying
20 plate to provide a housing for the door and taken
rising from the free edge of adjacent hinged panel
portion of the aisle partition;
Fig. 13 is a horizontal section thru the guide
rail standard on the hinged panel portion ofthe
aisle partition taken on line I3-I3 of Fig. 5,
`showing the'partitfon post and guide rail assem
and 38, respectively, and to a second vestibule 40
`thru doorway 4I giving access to another en
trance 42 and steps 43 on the opposite side of the
Although eight berth compartment sections are
_indicated in the present embodiment, any num
ber of such sections may be provided, and the
position of the sections with respect to other
facilities of the car may be adapted to any op
' `
The berth sections II are fitted with the cus
Fig. 14 is a vertical transverse stepped section
thru the lower and intermediate portions of the
hinged panel taken on line I4-I4 of Fig. 6, on
an enlarged scale, better to show the interlock
ing rail recessed to receive a locking tongue on
35 the foldable stairway removably supported ,upon
the bottom rail of the panel;
Fig. 15 is a horizontal section thru the sliding
tomary pair of confronting seats 60 arranged for
adjustment by the occupant to a lounging posi
tion and convertible to provide a lower berth by
shifting the seat cushions 6I towards each other
with their respective supporting bars 62 slidably
mounted upon brackets 63 vand 64 secured re 35.
spectively to the car side and seat ends 65, as
best shown in Figs. 2, 4 and 7 thru 9. The seat
door and framing posts of the aisle partition
back cushions 66, pivotally connected to the seats,
taken on line I5--I5 of Fig. 6, showing the meth
likewise assume horizontal positions in the space
40 0d of removably securing the side marginal edges
between the shiftedI seat cushions 6I and section 40
partition I3 in a manner usual to such arrange
ments to form with the seat cushions a support
grooves in the posts;
for the bedding 61 as in Fig. 4. As indicated best
Fig. 16 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical in Fig. 3, the seat back cushions 66 may be fitted
sectional view taken transversely thru the upper with additional arm rests 68 pivotally nested in 45
rail of the sliding door and partition lintel on pockets 69 in the seat backs from which they may
be withdrawn to supplement the arm rests ‘I0 at
hanger and the trackway for supporting the the side wall position. The pivoted' head rest
cushions ‘II are raised from their normal posi
Figs. 17 fand18 show the hanger rods for the tion to provide the customary shelf for belong 50
dressing bay curtain indicated in Figs. 4 and 15,' ings of the occupant, as in usual practice, and
and depicting, respectively, the extended opera-. ' supplement the collapsible fabric shelf (not
tive position of the curtain rod with sliding door shown) spanning the section'above the lower
open and the collapsed position of\the rod when berth and removably hung from socket plates '
sliding door has been closed; and
12 in partitions I3.
Fig. 19 is a horizontal sectional view _on line
The upper bunks 8U are pivotally secured to
I8-I9 of Fig. 5, thru the partition post support
the partitions I3 above the seats 60 at the car
ing the washstands in upper and lower corn
sides as in general practice and adapted, when
partments as illustrated in Figs. '7 and. 8,v the lowered, to provide upper berths as best shown in
hot and cold water supply pipes, the drain, the Figs. 4 and 7 thru 9. In their lowered position,
sliding door bottom rail, the rear bumper ar,
the bunks 80 are chain-supported at their free
rangement, and the removable outer panel giving edges from the usual berth sheaves 82 vmounted
access to said parts._
on brackets 83 ñxed to the roof framing as in
In said drawings, I0 represents a sleeping car dicated in Fig. 3. When the upper bunks 80 are
having berth sections II arranged upon opposite in raised position. as shown in Figs. 2, '7 and 9, 65
sides of a central longitudinal aisle I2 defined the space between the free edge thereof and
by a pair of partitions I4 extending from a bulk
the ceiling 'I8 is closed by an apron 84 pivoted at
head I5 at the vestibule I6 adjacent one end of 85, and, when _the bunks are lowered, the aprons
the car to the bulkhead I1 separating the berth 84 are raised and held by latches 86 in the par
section area from the compartment and bedroom titions I3 as _shown in Figs. 7 thru 9, until re 70
of the dressing bay curtain indicated in Fig. 4,
for the lower compartment with the locking
spaces I8 and I9 rearwardly thereof. Forwardly
leased bythe attendant upon raising of the `
of bulkhead I5 the vestibule I6 provides an en
trance to the car thru door 2| and retractile
bunks. It will be noted that that portion 81 of
75 steps 22, access to the central' aisle I2 _being had
the apron panel 84 projecting rearwardly beyond
the pivot 85 is cut away at the housing 18 for
2,184,033 Ü
the flexible sliding door 88, as shown in Fig.¿9,
cured Mto the ñxed panel portion 95`of adjacent
to insure complete closure otthe'space between section within a recess II I and flush with panel
one edge of the housing andopposlte partition surface, all as best shown in Figs. 2, 4, 6, 14 and
for the depth of the housing above the pivotal 15. The ñnger I I2 of the latch is provided, at
its free end, lwith a knob piece ||3 adapted, when
axis of the apron.
- As shown in Figs. -1, 3, anu 7 thru' 9, the aisle thejinger is extended as shown in dotted line po
_partitions I4 -are spaced from the seat ends 65 sition, to engage the groove I|4 in the post 93
and the free edges of upper bunks 80 to provide to hq‘ldpanel open until released by the'attendant
upper and lower ycompartments of greater width to olosìi;ì The hinged panel |05 extends upwardly
than possible withA constructions wherein the seat from the iloor to approximately the upper bunk
ends constitute portions also of the partitions and, position to provide a threshold «I I5 for opening
incidentally, to provide, with respect to the bunks,- 16 giving access tothe upper compartment when
suilicient clearance for movement thereof through upper bunk'has been lgwered as shown in Figs.
the arc indicated at 89 in Figs. '7 and 9, and to
15 accommodate the combination screen support
4 and 9.
'The post 93, movable with >panel I 05, projects
and light-excluding bar 90 shown in Figs. 10 and ' upwardly therefrom in the form of a standard be
11, to œ later described. For the purpose of the yond threshold I I5 for engagement with iixedv
I present construction, the >partitions I4 are rigidly
secured to roof _framing longitudinals 9| at the
ceiling position and to the floor 20, and stiiïened
at spaced intervals-by posts 92 and 93 deñni'ng
the centralA door pp_ening 11 to the lower com
partment, and post 94 forming with post 93 the
sides of the opening 16 to the upper compartment,
post 94 being adapted for connection to adjacent
transverse section partitions I 3 and through them
to the side walls 15, to the end that the walls
enclosing the berth spaces I I shall’be sufficiently
rigid to withstand the loads imposed in service
post _extension |04 to provide the framing for
one side of the opening 11 to \the lower com
partment. To lestabllsh continuity with postv 2.o
extension |04, the projected portion of post 93l
is formed with an abutment I I6 designed to insure '
alinement of the guideway |I1 on the door post
93 with the relatively ñxed guideway ||8 on post
extension |04, as indicated in Figs. 3, 5 and 12, so 25
as to provide a continuous runway for the ‘flexible
sliding door’ 88 across the joint between such
guidewaysat one side of opening ‘I6 to the upper
`compartment. The companion'guideway || 9 on
the opposite side of opening 16 is fixed through 30
'I'he areas of the aisle partitions I4 incident out its length >and extends, from the curtain hal the several berth sections comprise each a ñxed ancing roller casing 56 of the door_housing 18 at
panel portion 95 having a permanent inner wall Y the side of the car adjacent the ceiling 19, to the
threshold |I5'on the hinged panel |05 of the
_ member 96 secured to posts 92 and 94' and an
outer wall member 91 detachably secured to said - aisle partition as best shown in Fig. 9. The guide 35
postsv with sections 98 and 99 of the posts, re ' Way I|8‘,` a portion of which is indicated in Figs.
spectively, removable with the panel member as _5, l2, 13 and 17, also extends to the `curtain
best shown in Figs. 15 and 19, by the removal of ' balancing roller casing 56 of the housing and,
screws 13 and 14, respectively. In the present with its companion guideway | I9, provides the
40 embodiment, the fixed section of post 92 is ñtted support for the ñexible sliding door ‘88 closing the
opening 16 t'o the upper- compartment.
Y with a drain 59 from upper and lower compart
mentlavatories 51 and 58, respectively, when such
Both guideways are- of channel shape in cross-S
facilities are incorporated, as best shown in Figs.
section with the flanges 55 extended beyond 4the '
V3, 5, '7 thru 9, 15 and 19, and the outer wall
web of the channel to provide attaching ñanges
45 panels 91 are detachable for tl'ie purpose of facili
tating inspection and maintenance of such equip
The space thus provided between inner and
outer panels 96 and 91 is arranged to accommo
50 date the sliding door panel |00 for closing the
opening 11 together with upper track |0| for sup
porting the door and a bottom rail |02 for guid
ing the lower edge of the door, as shown in Figs.
>5, 7, 8, 15, 16 and 19. The door track I0| -forms,
55 also, the rigidifying means for the door opening
- lintel |03 since it extends from post 94 at parti
54 securing the housing underplate |20 extend;v 45
ing below the ceiling 19 and connectingthe guides
from the curtain balancing roller casing 56 to
a lpoint adjacent the curved portion 48 in the
I.guides at the partition.l To enable the bottom
rail 39.01’ the flexible sliding door 88 to negotiate
-the curve 48 in the guides, the underplate |20
of the housing may be ñared downward from the
plane of the plate, if necessary, or a separate
underplate panel |2| substituted as shown in
Fig. 12 to provide the required clearance for the 55
rail. The guide >rails |I1 and ||9 are each of
tion I3 to adjacent side of fixed extension |04 of " them bent laterally at th‘e threshold | I5, as shown
in Fig. 5, t'o provide fixed and movable portions' '
'I'he partition is further made up of a hinged |22 and~ |23, respectively, complementing each ,
panel portion |05 pivotally supported to swing
vinto the aisle in a horizontal plane ~.on hinges |06
secured to the ñxed panel post 94 at the parti
.tion.|3 to facilitate access _to the section by the
attendant for making up the compartments for
other to form the threshold, the ñanges 55 being 60
secured to the door panel by welding or otherwise,
the portion |22 being secured to fixed postv 94 and
the part |23 to the door panel |05. At the thresh
old position the outer flanges> 55 of the guide r
night use or restoring the section for day travel, ' extensions I 22 and |23 are cut away as shown 65
in Figs.- 3 and 13 and the outer sheet- of the panel
so that the panel will move from the closed posi
tion indicated in Fig. 4 to the open position over- y
|05 extended upwardly at |24 to form with the
ylapping the iixed panel 95 of adjacent section, as
shown in Fig. 2. `The panel is held closed by
locking bars |01 mounted for reciprocation ver
inner flanges 55 of the guides/the groove |25 of `
the threshold ||5 to receive the bottom rail 39 ‘
tically in movable post 93 and adapted for en
suitable ñnishvrnoulding for the upper margin
of the flexible sliding door 88 and to vprovide- a 70
gagement with upper keeper |08 at the lower.v of the panel, the broad face presented by the in
end of '.ñxed post extension |04 and the lower ner iianges 54- and 55 providing a. convenient
keeper |09 secured to the floor. For- holding engaging surface for the Vopposing face |26 of the
75 the panel open, a' spring finger latch ||0
light-excluding bar . 90 wedged >between said
flanges and the fender 8| at the free edge of the
_ 'I'he remainder of the aisle 'partition |4 pro
vides for »the closureof the opening between the
fender 8| at the free edge of the bunk 80 when
lowered and the lint'el l |03 at the sliding .door
opening 11 when sliding door |00 is open for
access to lower compartment. For this purpose,
there is provided a fixed louvered screen |30
removably mounted in an upper guide member
' |3| on the rear face of lintel |03 and supported
from lowerguide' member |32 on the light-ex
cluding bar 90 supported between the upper bunk
80, when lowered, and the partition, as best shown
15 in Figs. 10, lland 16. The screen |30 is formed
with a frame having the usual stiles |21, upper
rail |28 and the lower rail |29 with the louvered
area between. 'I'he screen is slid into position
circulated in hot and cold water pipes 28 and 28
respectively, that portion of the pipes leading to
the upper lavatory 51 being flexible to accom
modate the vertical adjustments of that unit, the
pipes being connected to a suitable source of 5
water supply, not shown, both lavatories` being
serviced by the common drain 59 discharging
through the ñoor of the car as indicated in Fig. 5.
The lower compartment lavatory unit 58 is iltted
with a mirror |39 positioned with the unit in l0
the plane of the post Í‘82 and above the washbasin.
.but in the case of the movable upper compartment
lavatory unit 51 the mirror |40 is hingedly sup
ported upon the unit laterally thereof and in the
plane of the inner panel 8.6 of the aisle partition 15
to permit the lavatory to be raised to clear the
bunk 80 and apron 84 as aforesaid, and, in‘both- ‘
units, the mirrors are mounted fory any desired
between the guide members |3| and |32`from one , adjustment in a horizontal plane.
end thereof and, .for convenience of assembly, - 'I'he door. track |0| forms part of a unitary M
preferably from the end adjacent the opening 15
to the compartment.
The combination light excluder§and screen
supporting bar 90 extends preferably from one
transverse partition I3 to the next adjacent; one
to prevent longitudinal displacement of the
screen-supporting guide |32 with respect to the
permanent upper guide member |3| when the
screen is being adjusted to position. In its pres
ent form, the bar 90 is angular in cross-section
and preferably of wood, although it may be of
extruded metalk or rolled shape, and covered with
carpet or other cushioning fabric |33. Y In its op
assembly preferably ,or extruded metal secured
to theÍ aisle partition, as\best shownv in Fig. 16.
'I'he track projects outwardly‘from a base plate
|4| secured to the inner face .on the outer sheet
of the partition and is formed to receive the roll- 25
ers |42 journaled in hangers |43 secured to the
door _|00. ’-Above the rollers is a hood place |44
projecting from the base plate~ |4| and terminat
ing at its outer edge in a depending flange |45
providing a spacing plate and securing means for N
the inner sheet of the partition and serving to
rigidity the lintel |03 from fixed post 84 to post
extension |04 and further reenforcing upper guide
erative position as a light excluder, the bar is
arranged with a leg'member |34 fitted into the
member |3| for the screen |30.`- The inner and
from a compartment any light or sound emanat
ing from the other compartment of the section.
'I‘he member '|34 is removably held in operative
or integral, as indicated in Fig. 16.
outer sheets of the partition forming the lintel 8l
space between the fender 3| at the free edge of |03 at the door opening 11 are also stifl'ened at
the bunk 80 and the aisle partition to exclude v'their margins by flanges |40, separately formed
'I'he partitions |4 are made up of panels with
louvers |41 shaped and disposed to prevent a view 40
position by a companion membe'r’ |35 extending of the compartment interior from the aisle but
laterally of the ilrst member- to seat upon the allowing the circulation of an adequate volume of
`bunk fender 8-| for support, as best shown in air therethrough, as best shown in Figs. 2 thru
Fig. 10. The bar 90 .is of constant cross-section 4, 10, 14, 17 and 18. As indicated in Figs. 2,' 3, 10
and 14, the louvers are preferably of modiiled Z- 45
45 except at the flxed post 82 where it is notched- '
» out at |38 to accommodate the lavatory drain section mounted with» their inner and outer flange
and washstand equipment 51v and 59 mounted on portions |48 and |48, respectively, lying in par
post 92 for use in upper compartment, when such allel vertical planes and connected by a web por- ,
_tion |50 disposed at an obtuse angle with re
installation is made, as indicated in Fig. 11. ‘Y
When lavatory equipment is installed for use ,
50 in the compartments, as indicated in Figs.y 5, ’1, 8
and 1‘9, the post 92 and fixed inner panel 96 may
be utilized for the support of the upper and lower
lavatories 51 and 58, the upper lavatory 51 being
55 mounted to clear the bunks 80 when bunks are
spect to such flanges, said flanges being formed
with-“wing portions | 5| inwardly directed and
spaced from contiguous’wings and flanges of ad
jacent louvers to define air passages |52 substan-A
tially‘otïset to obstruct the view. >Intermediate
the upper and lower rails‘ ofthe hinged panel |05 55
lowered from their raised position as illustrated is _inserted a rail member |55 designed to simu
in Fig. 7. In this figure, the washstand 51 in the late the louver slats |41- above and below it with
upper compartment is mounted on brackets |31 its upper and lower margins formed with louver
vertically slidable in guides |38 on the post 92. flanges» |48 and |49 and wings |5|, respectively,
In its raised closed position, the lavatory unit Aand provided with a groove |53 defined on its
does not interfere with‘the raising and lowering upper side by a downwardly and outwardly pro
of bunk 80 and apron 84 since their respective truding _lip portion |54> adapted for interlocking
paths of movement 89 and 34 are well inside the engagement with a removable stairway herein
after to be described.
lavatory space in its raised position.v 'I‘he lava
The flexible sliding doors» 88 for the openings
65' tory is lowered to normal position for use only
`after the bunk has been lowered as indicated in 16 to'upper compartments are made up of louvers
Fig. 8, in which position the lavatory> basin 33 , |56 connected in spaced relation with their ends
may be opened by the occupant of the compart
movable in guides ||1, ||8 and ||9. 'I’he louvers
ment until the unit is raised by the- attendant ' in the sliding panels are preferably of general
70 to permit raising of the bunk when released from, V-shape disposed with their apioes extending into
retaining latch 5 on partitions I3.
the space beneath the louvers above them when
The lower lavatory 58 is fixed against vertical doors are closed with their bottom rails 33 in
grooves |25 of thelthreshold H5 shown in Figs.
movement from its normal position and is avail
able for use at all times. Both upper and lower ' 3, 5, 6 and 9. 'I'he panels thus formed are con
lavatories are supplied with hot and cold water nected to spring curtain rollers |51 in casings 55
2,184,032 l '-
by- means of straps I 58 adapted i'or winding upon
the rollers to balance the. Aweight of the panels
to facilitate operation of the doors. Suitable
by persons passing through the aisle. The curtain
is weighted by means of wedge blocks 2, prefer
ably of rubber, secured to the curtain with their
base portions 3 at the ñoor of the car, the in-`
> clined portions 4 being presented outwardly and
As best shown in Fig. 9, vertical rear portions 5 directed inwardly. 'I'he
fastening means |59 under control of the occu
pant may be secured to the door rail 39 for lock
ing the doors’closed.
the curtain balancing roller casing 56 is 'posi- j blocks are held vertically upon their bases by the
tioned well above the observation window 225 of ' curtain which prevents overturning of the blocks
the upper compartment 1 and provides ample upon the feet of lthe occupant under thrust of
loads applied to the inclined front faces 4 so
10 clearance vfor -the operation. of the shutters 221
that the blocks will be caused to slide upon their
slidably mounted in the window frame 228.
ba/sues.I Further privacy to the occupant of the
The sliding door |00 for the lower compart
ment moves betweenv post 93 on the hinged panel Acompartment is assured by means provided for
|05 and ñxed post 94 of the partition when hung removably securing the curtains to the partition
as before outlined. To insure quiet operation at the sides of the compartment opening where
of the door, preferably the front and rear edges by the curtainsV form virtually flexible extensions
of the door are fitted with cushioning pieces |60 of the compartment 'spaces for use when doors,A
-and |6| for engagement, respectively, with posts are open. As best shown in Figs. 2, 4, 6, 15 and
17 thru 19, posts 92 and 93 are formed with
93 and 94, the latter having secured to it the rub
20 ber bumper |62, all as shownin Figs. 11,_ l5 and retaining grooves |80 designed to receive con
. ,
19, cushion |60 nesting in groove ||4 on post 93. » tiguous edges of the curtains |11 and with por
" This door valso is iitted .with suitable latching tions of the grooves open, at Íintervals along their
mechanism |63 under control of the occupant for
locking the door closed. The door at the bot
25 tom is he1d` from lateral shifting with respect
to partition wall members 96 and 91 by down
wardly opening channel guides |64 on the door
Iadapted to receive upstanding ñange |65 on the
bottom rail |02 on the partition as shown in,
Figs. 2, ‘1, 8 and 19.
Thesedoors serve also to actuate curtain. rods
length, preferably at the upper end of the posts
as at |8| and intermediate points |82 and |83
to admit curtain edge bound core retaining 25
The curtain edge strips |84 are in lengths cor
responding to the distance between the openings
in the post grooves and are spaced apart length
wise a distance equal substantially to the length 30
of the respective openings |8|, |82 and |83, so`
for supporting dressing bay curtains presently
that the operation o_f attaching the curtains _to
to be described.
the partition may be initiated by inserting Viìrst
the lower end of the top strip in opening '|8| at
the upper end of adjacent post and drawing same 35
downwardly within the groove |80 until the up
For this purpose, the doors are
ñtted at their free edges adjacent the top rail
35 of the doors with bracketsv |69 secured to the door
and projecting therefrom outwardly . and ter
minating in upwardly directed ñngers |10 and |1|
spaced apart outwardly of the face of the door
and rigid as- shown or of roller type, to receive
between them a bar |12 twisted with its respec
tive ends substantially at right angles to each
other andfhaving-pivotbearings |13 journaled in
socket brackets |14 and |15 secured to posts 92
and |04 of the partition |4 as shown best in Figs.
45 2, 4, 17 and 18. Rigidly secured to and connect
i'ng the respective pivot bearings |13_ is a bail
shaped rod- |16 forming with said bar a frame
adapted for movement in an orbit about an axis
per end of second opening |82 is reached, where--v `
upon the lower end of the second strip may be
inserted in opening |82 and the strip threaded
into that portion oi’ the groove between openings 40
.|82 and |83, and the operation repeated with re
spect to the third length of strip the lower end
of which is inserted in lower groove opening |83
and drawn 'downwardly into the groove portion
`between the lower end of opening |83 and lower 45
end of the post, the whole curtain being sup
ported by the curtain frame pivotally held in the
bearings |14 and |15, the frame consisting of
through said pivot bearings so that »upon shifting the twisted bar- |12 and bail-shaped rod |16.
'Ijhe operation of removing the curtain 'is exe 50
of the door |00 the fingers |10' and |1.| on door>
brackets |69 will bear upon opposite `faces‘of the cuted in reverse sequence, `the lower section of
edge strip is iìrst withdrawn from the section ` `
twisted bar |12 and hold the section rof the bar
thus engaged upright between them. In the
open door position indicated in Fig. 1'7, the cur
tain'rod |16 will be disposed substantially hori
zontally in the plane of the bar |12, but, upon
closing movement of the door, the bracket iin
of groove below opening |83 followed by with
drawal of the intermediate strip from the groove
below opening |82, the withdrawal of the upper
edge strip from the groove below the upper open
ing |8| being eiîected by the removal of the cur
gers. |10 and |'_|| will traverse the length ofthe
bar to bear, progressively, upon respective sides
thereof and cause the bar to rotate axially on its
bearings |13 and carrying with it the curtain bail
tain-supporting frame from its bearings |14 and
|15. The removal of the curtain frame from its
bearings is laccomplished by the release of retain 60
ing clip |86 by disengaging it from spring latch
|16 until the rod assumes a position substantially
|81 and vrotating‘the clip about its vpivot |88 in
the planev of the clip to uncover the bearing |13
in socket of bracket |15;l after the bearing is
lifted from its socket, the frame is shifted axially
to withdraw the other bearing |13 from the other
vertically in the plane of the bar |12 as shown in
Fig.' 18 with .the door'closed.
Upon the bail rods |16 are hung the- curtains
|11 to provide a private dressing bay for the
occupant of the lower compartment 8, as best ` Vsocket bracket |14, whereupon the frame with
. shown in'Figs. 4, '1, 8 and l5.
'I'hese curtains - curtain |11 attached may be stored with the
are preferably slit for’k the- greater- portion of ‘ bedding of the section within the upper berth
70 their length, the divided portions being secured bunk 80 during day travel and reassembled when 70
together by any suitable fastening- means "3|18 section is made up for night occupancy.
-such as jbuttons, as shown, or clips. Provision
is made to safeguard the feet of the -occupant
from injury while dressing or disrobing behind
the curtain by the accidental treading upon them-
Similarly, the curtain |90 for the upper com
partment opening 16 is hung from a bail-shaped
rod, |9| having terminal bearings |92 pivotally
mounted in socket brackets |88 and |94 secured. 75
respectively, to posts |94 and 94 oi’ the partition
|4 in a-plane above the bearing brackets |14
and |15, as best shown inlñgs. 2, 4 and 9. The
curtain |99 is preferably hung in one piece and
mounted'for sliding upon the rod from one side
of the compartment opening 15 when access to
or egress fromcompartment 1 is desired. The
curtain is held fixed along one of its edges to
the partition post 94 formed with a groove |95
which,l in view of the relatively short curtain
|99, may beof lesser length than the grooves
securing therelatively long curtain |11. The
curtain is provided with an edge strip correspond
' ing to that shown on the curtain |11 but prefer
is ably in one piece the full length of the -curtain
and assembled with post 94 by inserting the bot
tom _end of the strip in _opening |99_at the ,upper
end of groove |95 and drawing downwardly with
yond the tongue plate 299 for abutment with ad
jacent stile of panel |95 and to provide support
for the upper tread 29| widened for use as a plat
form, as shown in Figs. 4 and 14.
The outer end of ` the platform tread 29| is
supported by the outer stile 294 having an upper
endl coextensive with the platform, the outer stile
being of greater length than the inner one and
extending from the platform to the iloor 29 of
the~ car and below the level of ledge 299 of the
panel, the stile being further` connected to the
lower and intermediate portions of the inner stile
295 by additional treads 2 Í|9 and 2| I, respective
ly. The -treads are pivotally secured at their in
ner upper sides to adjacent stile by hinges 2|2 15
and >’at their outer lower sidés to the outer stile
by hinges 2|9, the relatively wide platform tread
29| being secured at its outer lower side by a
hinge 2|4, so that upon upward movement of the
outer stile it will be directed inwardly toward the
in the groove for a distance approximating the
length of the curtain. To prevent the curtain
from fouling at the curtain bail |9|, the groove
|95 is fitted with a support |91 for the lower
end of the edge strip so that the strip will sup
space above the ledge 299 thus to lie substan
tially flush with the Apanel |95 when stairway is
port thecurtainat thebailwhenbailhasbeen
partition to rest with its lower ’end within the if»
dropped to the collapsed position shown in Fig. 9
-from that indicated in Pig. 4.
i It will .be noted that the bail |9I is provided
at one end with 1 l arm portion |99 projecting
inwardly from the pivotal axis of the bail and
30 formed with an eye piece | 99 to receive one end
of a. cable, rod or chain 299 connected at its op
As best shown in Fig. 9, the stairway is held
normally folded by means of a- lifting arm 2|5,
spring actuated, to exert a force on the under
side of the platform tread 29| through a roller
2|9 designed to have pressure contact with the
tread in all'of its movements. The stairway is
also fitted with a hand rail 2|'1 secured to the
outer stile and projecting upwardly to provide a
posite end with a removable stairway |99 fold
able against and supported upon the swinging handheld above the platform 29| and extending
partition panel |95 as best shown in Figs. 4, 9 and along a portionv of the stile below the platform,
14. 'I'he connection 299 is attached to the stair - asbest shown in Figs. 4 and 9. It will be noted
way by means oi’ a clip 292 secured preferably to that the stairway, as a whole, is held to the par
the underside of the ~upper tread 29| a distance at
tition by the interlocking engagement of the
least as great outwardly from the tread hinge 293
tongue plate 299 and the underside of the down
wardly and outwardly protruding lip portion |54,
as the length of arm |99 on the curtain bail |9|
by the abutment oi’ the stile against adjacent
so that the folding of the ladder against the par
tition wil1`release the tension on connection 299 - stile of the panel |95, and by the plunger 291 on
and move clip 292.upwardly a distance sui’ilcient ledge 299 of the panel, the handy rail 2|1'andy '
to allow curtain bail arm |99 to move upwardly platform 29| being positioned inside of the cur
under the weight- of the curtain. Conversely, the
unfolding of the stairway will exert a pull on
curtain bail arm |99 thru. connection 299 to
move the arm downwardly to raise said curtain
rod and thel curtain, |99 as indicated in Figs. 4
and 9. 'I'he operation of raising the curtain |99
is eifected by unfolding of stairway |99 vwhen'ac- l
tain |99 in folded and open positions o_f the stair
way |99 and 'of the curtain. -'I'he stairway is
removable when Vcollapsed and stored with the
bedding and curtains of the section within the
upper berth bunk 99 during day travel and
placed in position when section is made up for
night occupancy.
cess to or descent from the upper compartment
As first above stated, the air conditioning
1 is desired, or when dressing or disrobing, during
~equipment of the car is utilized for Ventilating the
~ which period the upper tread 29| serves as a con
venient standing platform for the occupant
shielded by the curtain when drawn for use, the
movements of the occupant being facilitated by
compartments. _This is accomplished by intro
ducing conditioned air from a main duct 229 at
the ceiling of the car outside of the compart
ments downwardly through branch ducts 22| in
the use of the handhold 239 adjacent the door
partitions i2 communicating with `registers 222
and 224 opening into the _upper and^ lower oom
The stairway is removably mounted upon the
hinged panel portion> |95 of the partition to one
partments, respectively, and under control of the
occupants. The air from the main duct is con
side of -opening `11 to the lower compartment 9 - veyed, under pressure, through lateral connecting
and directly beneath opening 15 to the upper ducts 229 at the several sections, all as best shown
compartment, as best shown in Figs. 4, 9 and 14.’ in Figs. 5_ '1, 8, 9 and 19, and expelled from com
The stairway is assembled with'its inner stile por
partments through the louvered partitions to the
tion 295 resting with its lower end upon ledge 299
of the panel and held by the retractile plunger-
aisle, the air thus expelled being recirculated
with fresh air conditioned by suitable apparatus,
291 of latch 299 in the panel and its upper end
-_interlo’clred. with rail member |55 on the panel.
not shown, in compartments 49 and 59 upon op
posite sides of the passageway 41 at one end of
the car shown in Fig. l.
For the further convenience of the occupants
of the upper compartments- 1 of the sections, ob
servation windows 225 are provided in the Acar
side 15 immediately above the level of the bunks
99 and substantially 'above thelevel of the tops
of windows 9 of the lower compartments 9, as 75
> For this purpose, the upper end'of the stile 295
i.; fitted with aprotruding tongue plate 299 pro
jecting inwardly and upwardly within groove |53
in the rail member |55 and extending along' the
stile member for a. substantial distance and ter
minating. with the groove in thevwall of the panel,
the upper end of the stile 295 being extended b'e-z
best indicated-in Figs. 6, 'I and 9. 'I‘he windows
225 are spaced apart by wall panel portions 226
and iitte?l- with movable shutters 221 slidably
mounted in pairs in the frames 228_~which are
coextensive with both-windows 225 and inter
mediate panels 226 so that one or the otherv of
the windows may be fully uncovered or both of
them only partially uncovered at one time, since
1 the several shutter panels 221 are> substantially
10 as long as but one of said windows, the operation
of the shutters and'their disposition being under
’the control of the occupant. The window frames
' 228 are positioned substantially midway between
section partitions I3 and below the curtain bal
15 ancing- roller casing 56 controlling the flexible
sliding door 88 to the upper compartment,` and
will permit the use of collapsible-clothes racks of
the type shownin Pearson Patent No. 1,621,558
of March 22, 1927, when hung between iixtures
20 229 on opposite partitions I3._
to define a centralaisle, upper and lower berth
sections upon opposite sides .of said -aisle, panels
forming said aisle partitions for converting said
berth sections into upper and lower compart
~ ments with separate entrances to each, and col- 5
lapsible strairways removably mounted on -said
partitions forgiving access to said upper com
5. In a car` having partitions'disposed longi
tudinally of the car a d spaced apart laterally 4to 1_0
d_efine a central aisle, pper arid?lower berth sec-_
tions upon opposite sides of said aisle, louvered
panels forming said aisle partitions‘fpr convert
ing said berth sections into upper andlòwer com
partments, separate entrances to each"\`at the 15
end and-intermediate the ends, respectively? bf
said upper and lower compartments.
6. In a car having partitions disposed longi
tudinally of the car and spaced apart laterally ,
to define a central aisle,_upper and lower berthl 20
It will be noted from the foregoing that al- . sections upon opposite sides of said aisle, fixed
and movable panels forming said partitions for
converting said berth sections into upper and
lined as to contour with their side walls 15 slop- . lower compartments having independent end and
ing upwardly and inwardly as shown in Figs. '7 intermediate entrances, respectively, certain of 25
and 9, it is obvious that certain features of the said movable panels being-slidable to close said
though the interior arrangement disclosed has
been adapted primarily for use in cars stream
installation may be utilized in cars having ver
tical side walls without change.
What is claimed is:
1. In- a car having berth sections upon oppo
site sides of a central longitudinal aisle, parti
tions spaced apart laterally of the car and dis
posed longitudinally thereof to define said aisle,
partitions disposed transversely of the car sepa
rating said berth sections and connecting the aisle
partitions to the resp‘ective car sides, and means
' carried by said aisle partitions for converting said
berth sections into compartments comprising
hinged and sliding portions respectively, said
40 sliding portion- providing an entrance to one corn
partment, a vertically slidable portion providing
entrance to` another compartment, and means
on said hinged portion affording access to said
last named entrance.
7. _In a car having partitions ld_isposed longi
tudinally of the car and spaced apart laterally
to define a central zaisle, upper and lower berth 30
sections upon opposite sides of said aisle, fixed
and movable panels forming said partitions for
converting said berth sections into compartments”
having independent end and intermediate en
trances, respectively, certain of said movable 35
panels bei/ng slidable vertically to close the en
trance at the end of the upper compartments _
and one slidable horizontally to close the inter
mediate entrance tothe lower compartments,
8. In> a' car having partitions disposed longi
tudinally of the car and spaced apart laterally
to define a central aisle, berth sections upon op
posite sides of said aisle, partitions disposed
2. In a car having partitions disposed longi
transversely of Ithe car for separating said sec-_ 45
site sides of said aisle, panels forming said parti-,
bunk members pivotally mounted between .said
transverse partitions and- adapted to be lowered to
provide upper berths, light-excluding -members 50
between said aisle partitions and the free edges
_ tudinally of the car and spaced apart laterally to Ations, pairs of confronting seats in the respec
deñne a central aisle, berth _sections upon oppo- , tive sections convertible to form lower berths,
y ' tions for converting said berth sections into com
partments having hinged and sliding> portions
'_respectively, said sliding portion providing an
entrance to one compartment, ‘a vertically slid
able portion providing entrance to another com
partment, and means on said hinged portion
55 affording access to said last named entrance. .
3. In a »car having partitions disposed lon'gi
tudinallyof the car and spaced apart laterally
Ito define a central aisle, berth sections upon oppo
site sides- of said aisle, partitions disposed trans
versely of the car for separting said sections,
pairs of confronting seats in the respective sec
tions _convertible to form low’er berths, bunk mem
bers pivotally mounted between said transverse
partitions to provide upper berths, panels having
hinged and sliding portions respectively forming
said aisle partitions for converting said`upper
‘_ and lower berth spaces into compartments, said
sliding portions affording entrances to said lower
berths, vertically slidable portions providing en
of said bunks, and panels forming said aisle parti
tions for converting said upper and lower berth 'I
spaces into compartments.
9'. In a car having partitions disposed lòngi- 55
tudinally of the car and spaced apart _laterally
to define a central aisle, upper and lower berth
sections upon opposite sides of said aisle, fixed
and movable panels forming said aisle partitions
for converting said berth sections into upper and 60
lower compartments with separate entrances to
each, collapsible .stairways removably mounted
on said partitions for-giving ac’cess to said upper
compartments, collapsible dressing bay curtains
removably mounted in _said partitions, ‘means 65 _
operable upon folding or unfolding of’the stair
ways for actuating the curtains fof_the upper
compartments, and means operable by the move
ments of one of said panels for actuating the
` curtains for the lower compartments. _
10». In a car having partitions disposed longi
trances to said upper berths, and means on said
hinged portions affording access to said upper ~tudinally of the car and spaced-apart laterally»v
to define a central aisle, upper and lower berth
berth entrances.
sections upon opposite sidesvof said aisle, panels
4. In a car having partitions disposed longi
tudinallyof the car and spaced apart laterally
and post members forming said partitions for 75
converting said berth sections into upper and
lower compartments with separate'entrances to
16. In a car having partitions disposed longi
tudinally of the car and spaced apart laterally to
each, and Ioldable lavatories in said compart
deilne a central aisle, individual compartments
ments operatively secured to respectively 'adja
11. In a car having partitions disposed longi
upon opposite sides oi the aisle, doorways in the
partitions to the respective compartments, a pair
of curtains at each doorway, means supporting
tudinally of the car and spaced apart laterally
said curtains, means securing said curtains com
'cent post members of the partitions.
prisingedge-retaining strips entered in curtain
posite sides -of said aisle, individual doorways to retaining grooves in: said partitions at opposite
said berth sections from the aisle, curtains at -sides of the respective doorways, and means for 10
the doorways, meanssupporting said curtains, adjustably and detachably joining said individual
and means securing said curtains comprising pairs of curtains at the respective doorways.>
edgearetalning strips on the curtains entered
17. ,In a car having compartments upon oppo- '
in curtain-retaining grooves in said partitions at _site sides of a central longitudinal aisle, parti
tions spaced apart laterally. of the car and dis
15 opposite sides of _the respective doorways. '
12. In a car having partitions disposed longi
posed longitudinally thereof to deñne said aisle,
tudinally of the car and spaced apart laterally doorways in the partitions to the respective com
to denne a central aisle, berth sections upon op
partments, curtains supported at the respective
to deñne a central aisle, section rooms upon op
doorways, means securing said curtains compris
ing edge-retaining strips entered in curtain-re 20
taining grooves in said partitions at opposite
sides of said doorways, and means for entering
said retaining strips in said grooves comprising
entered in curtain-retaining groovesin said par- ' openings in the respective grooves.
Vtitions- atopposite sides of the respective door
18. In a car having a’ compartment,partitio
posite sides 'of said aisle, individual doorways in
the partitions to said rooms, "sliding doors for
said doorways, curtains at the doorways, means
supporting said curtains, and means securing
said curtains comprising cdgeèretaining strips
-deiining said compartment, a doorway inV one of
said partitions, a door for said doorway, curtains
tudinally of the car and spaced’apart laterally _ _supported at the doorway, and means for se
to define ai central aisle, individualA compart-_ curing sai'd _curtains comprisingÍ edge-retaining
ments upon opposite sides of said -aisle, doorways strips entered in curtain-retaining grooves in the 30
13. In acar having partitions disposed longi
in the partitions to the respective compartments,
sliding doors at the doorways, curtains at the
doorways, means supporting said curtains, and
means securing said curtains comprising edge-re
taining strips entered in curtain-retaining grooves~
in said partitions at opposite sides of the respec
tive doorways.
partition at opposite sides of said doorway.
19. In a car having a compartment, partitions
deiìning said compartment, a doorway in one of
said partitions, curtains supported at the door
way, means securing said curtains comprising 35
sectional edge-retaining strips entered in con
tinuous curtain-retaining grooves in said parti
tions at opposite sides of the doorway, and means
_for entering said sectional retaining strips in
said grooves comprising openings,` spaced apart a' 40
`14. In a car having partitions disposed longi
.tudinally of the car and spaced'apart laterally to
deñne a central aisle, individual compartments
upon opposite sides of said aisle, stiles defining ` distance equal to the length of the individual re
doorways in the partitions to the respective com
partments, curtains at the doorways, means sup
porting said curtains, and means securing said
tainingstrips and of a length at least equal to '
the space between said individual retaining
strips. -
curtains comprising edge-retaining strips entered
20. In a car having a compartment, `partitions 45
deiining said compartment, a doorway in one oi
said partitions, a pair of curtains supported at
the door-way, means securing said curtains com~
in curtain~retaining grooves in said stiles ` at
opposite sides of the respective doorways..
15. In a car having a partitions disposed longi
tudinally of the ear and spaced apart laterallyi prising sectional edge-retaining strips entered in
continuous curtain-retaining grooves in said par 50
to deiìne a central aisle, individual compart
ments upon opposite sides o1' the aisle, doorways _ titions at opposite sides of the doorway, means
titions at opposite sides of the respective door-v
for entering said sectional retaining strips in said
grooves comprising openings spaced apart a dis
tance equal to the length or the individual retain
ing strips and of a,> length at least equal to the 55
space between 4said. individual retaining strips,
and means for detachably joining said pair of
ways, and means for entering said sectional re
curtains at the doorway.'
in the partitions to the respective compartments,
curtains at the doorways, means supporting said
curtains, means securing said curtains compris
55 ing sectional edge-retaining strips entered' in
continuous curtain-retaining grooves in said par-`
taining strips in said grooves comprising open
ings spaced apart a distance equal to the length
of the. individual retaining strips and of a length
at least equal to the space between said indi-' vidual retaining strips._A
A l
PatencNo. 2,',15lp,052.
october 25, 1953.
It is hereby cerfzified that error appears 1n the printed specification
of the above ‘mlnxbered patentreqúíríng correction as follows z- Page lf, second.-
co1u`mn,~«glp1ne 27, for l'place" read plate; page 8', first column, line 148V-,
c1aiml5,'s'tríke vout ‘the article "a" second occurrence; same page , second
colixmn, line
claim-19, after-„the word “openings” atrike out theconma;
and 4_that the :saidl Letters -Patent should "ne> _read with t‘h'ís' correction there
'in that 'Àthe same may conform to the record’ofthe ,case in the Patent Office.> _`
v,seal-led lthis '61:11Y 'day of December., A. D. 1958'.
Henry Van Arsdale '
«c1-fing comisgiener or ratenta.<„__
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