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Патент USA US2134106

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Oct. 25, 1938.
|_. H. DARBYSHIRE ET AL
2,134,106
TING APPARATUS
Filed March 1l, 1936 -
Miin a/ni
4 Sheets-Sheet l
UCL 25, 1938.
|_. H. DARBYSHIRE ET AL
2,134,106
REFRIGERATING APPARATUS
Filed March l1, 1935
4 sheeté-sheet 2
INVENTORS.
£6724 ri /95 .kf-ì
Oct. 25, 1938.
L. H. DARBYsl-IIRE ET A1.
2,134,106
REFRIGERATING APPARATUS
Filed March 11, 1936
@62 l
_4 Sheets-Sheet 3
@à
Oct. 25, 1938.
L. H. DARBYSHIRE ET AL
2,134,106
REFRIGERATING' APPARATUS
Filed March ll, 1936
RL
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4 Sheets-Sheet 4
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2,134,106-
Patented Oct. 25, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT loFFlcE
2,134,106
REFRIGERATING APPARATUS
`
Leonard H. Darbyshire and Oscar E. Norberg,
Detroit, and Herbert Morley, Grosse Pointe,
Mich., assìgnors to Borg-Warner Corporation,
a corporation of Illinois
Application Marchvll, 1936, Serial No. v68,230
9 Claims.
(Cl. 68-89)
This invention relates to refrigerating appa
ratus in general and has particular reference to
the construction of shelving and the arrange
ment thereof Within a heat'insulated compart
5 ment, such as a provision compartment of a re
of- the positions such shelf basket may assume
when -withdrawn from the provision compart
ment;
» Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the shelf which
extends `transversely of the provision compart
ment immediately below the cooling means there
frigerating apparatus.
A principal object of the` invention is to provide
a novel form of container _or receptacle adapted
for use in a provision compartment of a refriger
ating apparatus.
.
_
_
Another object of the invention is toprovide a~
novel and more eiiìcienty arrangementof shelving
and receptacles within a provision compartment
of a refrigerating apparatus.
f
in, the shelf baskets and defrosting tray having
been removed;
,
,
Figs. 4, 5 and 6 are vertical sectional views'of
the shelf taken along the lines 4è4, 5_5> and
6"-6, respectively, of Fig. 3; f
Fig. 7 is a plan view of a portion of the shelf
illustrating certain details of construction there
of;
’
'
'
,
Fig. 8 is a sectional view taken on the line 8_8 15
Another object of the invention is to ’provide a
of
Fig. 7;
novel form of drawer construction for the provi
Fig. 9 is a front elevational view taken on the Y
sion compartment of a refrigerating apparatus
whereby the materials and provisions storedv line 9-9 of Fig. 8;
Fig. 10 is a perspective view of 'one of the shelf
within the provision compartment of a refriger
20
20 ating apparatus are rendered more accessible.
baskets;
Fig. 11 is a horizontal sectional view of the
Another object of the invention is to provide
a provision compartment having a cooling means shelf basket illustrated in Fig. 10, and taken on
15
disposed therein and a novel arrangement of - the
space and distribution of the shelves with respect
25 to the cooling means so as to utilize more eili
ciently the space adjacent said cooling means.
In the embodiment of the invention selected for
purposes of illustration, there is disposed within
a heat insulated provision compartment of»-a re
30 frigerating apparatus, a cooling means or evapo
rator, disposed adjacent the top thereof and di
vidin‘g the space betweenvthe side walls at -the
upper portion of the provision compartment >into
two spaces preferably of unequal. size, with a
35, shelf extending transversely of the provision com
partment below the cooling means and arranged
to support a defrosting tray immediately below
the cooling means and ymovable shelves or baskets
upon each side of the cooling means, all of the
40 shelving being constructed and arranged so as to
permit a substantially unimpaired circulation of
air within the provision compartment and in heat
exchange relationship with the cooling means
and whatever provisions may be disposed upon
45
said shelves.
' .
f
For a better understanding of the invention,
reference may be had to the following specifica
tion taken in conjunction with the accompany
ing drawings of which there are four sheets, and
50
wherein:
_
>
Fig. 1 is a front elevational view of the upper
portion of a heat insulated provision compart
ment provided with cooling means internally
thereof and illustrating the relative disposition
55 of the shelves, baskets and defrosting tray with
respect to the cooling means, the door of the pro
the line II--ll thereof;
,
Fig. 12 is a vertical sectional vie'w of a4 por
tion of the shelfbasket illustrated in Fig. 10, and 25
illustrating a detail thereof and taken on theline l2-I2 of Fig. 11;
`
_
Fig. 13 is a perspective view of another form
of shelf basket and which is adapted -to be sup
ported upon the shelf illustrated in Fig. 3, and 30
to be disposed upon that side of the‘cooling means ,
opposite that on which the shelf> basket illus
trated in Fig. 10 is disposed;
Fig. 14 is a horizontal sectional view of a por- -
tion of the shelf basket illustrated in Fig. 13, and 35
taken along the line I4-I4 thereof;
_
Fig. 15 is a rear elevation of the lower portion
of the shelf basket illustrated in Fig. 13, and taken
along the line I5-l5 of Fig. 14;
Fig. 16 is a side elevational view illustrating 40
a‘modiñed form of the shelf basket illustrated
in Fig. 10;
_
Fig. 17 is a horizontal sectional view of the bot
tom of the modiñed form of shelf basket illustrat
45
ed inFig. 16; and
Fig. 18 is a perspective view of the removable
bottom portion of the modified form of- shelf
basket illustrated in Figs. 16 and 17.
Referring now to Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawings,
there is illustrated a portion of a refrigerating 50
apparatus of the domestic _type provided with a
heat insulated provision compartment 20, the
compartment being provided _with a relatively
large opening through which access may be ‘had’
thereto and which opening is adapted to be 55
closed by a door 22. The heat insulated provision
Icompartment 20 may be provided 'with a cooling
vision compartment being in part broken away; .
Fig. 2 is a vertical section through the lower i' means, indicated generally 'at 24, and disposed _
portion of vthe provision compartment and illus
GQ trating in elevation one of the shelf baskets in one
within the upper portion of the compartment 2_0,
spaced `from the side walls thereof, and exposed
als/1,106
2
to the air within the compartment 28 so that the
air may circulate in heat exchange relationship
therewith. The cooling means or evaporator 24
is adapted to absorb the heat from the provision
compartment 2D and may comprise a portion
of a conventional refrigerating system of the
compressor, condenser, expander type. The
evaporator 24 preferably is provided internally
The shelves 40 and the shelving means within the
lower portion of the provision compartment also
may be supported by pins carried by the side walls
of the provision compartment, and in the case of
the shelves 40, also by pins carried by the side of
the evaporator 24.
As illustrated in Fig . 7, 8
and 9, the wires 58, which extend between the
front and rear portions of the main frame mem
thereof .with a freezer compartment through
10 which access may be had through the door 26,
with a manually operated switch 28 which con
trols the operation of the compressor driving
means, and with an adjustable control switch 30
which is adapted automatically to control the
ber of the shelf 32, may be curled around the
outside edge of the frame member as illustrated
at 56 and welded or otherwise secured thereto.
This construction provides a smooth finished ex
terior surface for the shelf, provides a better joint
between the main frame of the shelf and the shelf
15 operation of the refrigerating system for main
wires thereof, and eliminates exposed sharp or 15
jagged edges which would make the shelf diñicult
to handle and clean. The wires 50, the guides
42 and 44, the rails 46 and the reinforcing frame
member 48 ‘may be secured together by welding
taining the temperature within the rprovision
compartment within desired limits.
In addition to the shelving means disposed
within the bottom portion of the heat insulated
20 compartment 20, there is provided a shelf 32,
extending transversely of the provision compart
ment and spaced below the bottom of the Vevap
orator 24, so as to accommodate upon the shelf
32, a defrosting tray 34 below the evaporator 24
25 for receiving the drip therefrom, such as occurs
when the evaporator is being defrosted. The
shelf 32 is also arranged to support upon the
upper side thereof and between the evaporator
and the sides of the provision compartment, a pair
30 of removable shelves or baskets 36 and 38.
The .
space above the basket 36 may be divided by a
pair of shelves 48 which extend between the side
walls of the provision compartment and the evap
orator 24, while the space above the basket 38,
preferably is left unobstructed so as to provide a
space along side of the evaporator 24 particularly
designed for the storage of bottles in an upright
condition. The baskets 36 and 38, the shelves
4l) and 32, and the shelving means within the
40 lower portion of the provision compartment pref
erably are formed, of Wire so as to permit the free
and substantially unimpaired circulation of air
within the provision compartment, it being under
stood that air within the compartment circulates
in heat exchange relationship with the evapora
tor 24 and with the food stuffs and other ma
terials disposed within the compartment, and it
is essential if adequate refrigeration is to be pro
vided within the entire compartment, that no
50 impediment be offered to the circulation of air
. Within the provision compartment 28.
The shelf 32 comprises, referring to Figs. 3
through 9, a rectangular frame of relatively heavy
wire, bridged at one end by a pair of guides 42
55 which are adapted to slidingly or niovably sup
port the basket 36, and at the opposite end by a
second pair of guides 44 upon which the basket
38 is adapted to be supported for sliding move
ment, a pair of rails 46 which are adapted to
60 support the basket 38 against tipping,> a reinforc
ing frame member 48 extending between one of
the rails 46 and .an opposite portion of the
heavy rectangular frame of the shelf 32, and a
series of relatively> light wires 50 extending be
tween the front and rear portions of the rec
tangular frame member of the shelf 32 and be
tween the guides 42 and the guides 44 and upon
or soldering or in any other suitable manner.
the elevation of the shelf 32.
The defrosting
tray 34, at the back thereof, may be provided with 25
a recess portion 60 complementary to the shape of
the light bulb 58 and for accommodating the
same.
The basket 38, as appearing in Figs. 13, 14 and
15, which is adapted to be movably supported 30.
upon the right hand end of the shelf 32, looking at
Fig. 1, is provided with a bottom shelf portion 62
and an upper shelf portion 64, the bottom shelf
portion being enclosed except for an opening im
mediately below the shelf portion 64 on the 35
evaporator side of the basket 38, and thel upper
shelf portion being provided with a guard portion
66 extending therearound so as to prevent the
accidental displacement from the shelf portion
64 of bottles which may be supported thereon 40
during movement of the basket 38 into and out
of the provision compartment.
.
The basket 38, as illustrated,lis formed of a
bottom frame member 68, apair of side frame
members 18 joined to the bottom frame member 45
68 at the front and rear thereof, a plurality of
vertical frame members 12 connectingl horizon
tally disposed portions of the side frame members
'l0 with the bottom frame member 68, a plurality
of horizontally disposed reinforcing frame mem 50
bers 'I4 connecting the side frame members 10,
the vertical frame members 12 and opposite por
tions of the bottom framemember 68, and a
handle 'I6 connecting opposite vertically disposed
portions of the side frame members 10 at the 55
front thereof. A series of relatively small wires
T8 are secured to the horizontal frame members
14 and the bottom frame member 68 for enclos
ing the front, bottom and rear of the basket 38,
the horizontally disposed portion of the series of 60
wires 18 forming _the shelfrportion 62. A plu
rality of horizontally disposed wires 80 are se
cured to the frame members 12 and 10 for clos
ing in the sides of the basket 38 except for the
opening which lis provided on the evaporator side
of the basket 38 immediately below the shelf
which shelf portion, provided by the series of wire
portion 64. The shelf portion 64 is formed by a '
series of wires which are secured to certain of
50, the defrosting tray 34 is adapted to be sup
the horizontally disposed cross frame members
ported, the outside wires of the series of wires 50
74, and which cross frame members are disposed
at an elevation substantially below that of the
horizontally disposed portion of the side frame
members 10.
being formed >`to providel guides 52 for guiding
the defrosting tray.
,
The side walls of the provision compartment
may be provided with any suitable means, such
as pins 54 upon which the shelf 32 is supported. ,
20
A light 58, again referring to Figs. 1 and 2, is
provided Within the compartment 28 and sup
ported adjacent the rear wall thereof just above
The longest sides of the frame member 68 are v v
adapted to be slidingly supported by ¿ the guides
3
2,184,106
44 so as to permit movement of the basket'38
from a position immediately above the shelf to a
position where a major portion thereof will over
hang the front of the shelf and project through
the opening of the food storage compartment so
that provisions may be removed from the shelf
portions 62 and 64 of the carriage 38, access to
. the shelf portion 62 being provided through an
., opening in the evaporator side thereof. The
10 frame member 68, at the rear thereof, is provided
with a guide member 82 secured to the under side
thereof, the laterally extending portions of which
, are adapted to engage the underside of the rails
46 for securing the carriage 38 against tipping
15 when the same is moved forwardly on the shelf
32. The rails 46, at'the rear thereof, are spaced
far apart so as to permit the engagement of the
about the front of the shelf as a pivot and the
forward bottom portion of the basket 36 may be
rested .upon 'the outside of the throat lining
of the provision door opening. As the top of the
shelf basket 36 is open, access may be readily
had to the various sub-compartments therein, it
being observed that the partitions between these
various sub-compartments, formed by the series of
wires |00, and at such time as the shelf basket 36
is disposed in the position illustrated in Fig. 2, act 10
as shelves, one arranged substantially above the
other. Th'e flat transverse frame members 90,
extending between the side frame members 88 at
the top of the shelf basket 36, form a rail or
fence across the front of the partitions at such
time as the shelf basket 36 is disposed in a posi
tion such as that illustrated in Fig. 2, for pre
venting the accidental displacement of any pro
guide member 82 wit-h the under side of the rails
46, and a stop member 84 is secured to the rails í. visions contained Within the sub-compartments
20 46 adjacent the front thereof for limiting the in the shelf’basket 36. The shelf basket-36 is 20
forward movement of the carriage 38.
substantially` of a depth equal to the distance be
In Figs. 10, 11 and 12, there is illustrated tween the shelf 32 and the next adjacent shelf 40
another form of shelf basket, somewhat like the thereabove, and it may readily be observed that
one illustrated in Fig. 15, and which shelf bas
the shelf basket 36 provides a container by means
ket is adapted to be supported upon the shelf of which a very efficient utilization of the space
32 on the left hand side of the evaporator 24, between such shelves may be had as well as
looking at Fig. 1. The shelf -basket 36 is of wire making it extremely convenient to obtain access
construction like the shelf basket 38 and com
to anything stored in any of the sub-compart
prises a relatively heavy wire bottom rectangular ments of the shelf basket 36.
In Figs. 16, 17 and 18, there is illustrated a. 30
30 frame member 86, a pair of side frame members
88, a plurality of cross' frame members 90 con
necting oppositely disposed portions of the side
frame members 88 and the bottom frame mem
ber 86, one of the frame members 90 at the front
35 of the shelf basket 36, being formed to provide
a hand grip 92, a plurality of vertically disposed
frame members 94 connecting the sidey frame
members 88 with some of the cross frame mem
bers 90, a series of vwires 96 secured to some of
40 the cross frame members 90 and covering the
front and bottom of the shelf basket 36 and por
tions of the top and rear thereof, other series 98
of wires enclosing the opposite sides of the basket
36 and secured to the vertical frame members 04
and to the front and rear vertically disposed por
45
tions of the side frame members 88, and another
series »|00 of wires extending transversely of the
basket 36 for dividing the same into a plurality of
compartments and secured to certain of the ver
tical frame members 94. The baskets 36 and also
38, it will be observed, are thus constructed en
tirely of wire suitably secured together, such as
by a spot welding or soldering which provides
strong rigid baskets fcï supporting provisions,
and through which baskets the circulating air
55
within the provision compartment may freely
pass.
'
»
modiñed form of construction for the shelf bas
ket 36 wherein the bottom of the shelf basket is
made so as to be separable from the remaining
portion of the shelf basket. In this modification,
a substantially rectangularly shaped shelf sec 35
tion |06 is provided, and which section |06 is
adapted to be supported in the guideways 42 so
as to form with the remainder of the shelf 32, a
shelf construction wherein portions thereof dis
posed at the same elevation are relatively mov 40
able. The shelf section |06 is provided with a
pair of members |02 which are adapted to en
gage the transversely extending portion of the
frame member of the shelf 32 at the front there
of so as to limit the forward movement of the
shelf section |06.
.
'
The upper portion of this modified form of
shelf basket construction is generally like the
constructionlof the shelf basket 36 except that
the upper portion, indicate'd‘generally at |08, is 50
provided with an independent frame so as to be
structurally rigid when independent of the shelf
section |06. The upper portion |08 is provided
with a pair of hooks ||0 spaced apart a'nd at thel
rear thereof for engaging the back of the frame
of the shelf section |06, andthe front portion
of' the upper section |08 is provided with a pair
The side portions of the bottom frame member ~ of spring clips ||2, which are adapted to snap
86 are adapted to be engaged by the guides 42
for
supporting the basket 36 for sliding move
60
ment. The portion of the bottom frame mem
ber 86, extending across the rear of the basket
36, is provided with a pair of spaced brackets |02
winch serve as a stop for limiting the forward
movement of the basket 36 relative to the shelf
over the front portion of the shelf section |06
and thereby secure the upper portion |08 to the 60
shelf section |06, so that when the parts are thus
assembled,- they will be substantially like the
shelf basket 36 and may be used in exactly the
same way. The principal object of providing the
portion of the main frame >member of the shelf
32 between the pins |04, which pins |04 serve
removable upper portion |08 is to permit the
shelf section |06 to be used independently when
the basket feature is not desired. In this in
stance, the handle ||4 may be provided on the
to prevent lateral shifting of the basket 36 when
shelf section |06.
by engaging the> transversely extending front
the members |02 are engaged with the front por
70
tion of the frame member4 of the shelf 32, because
at this time, the side portions of the frame mem
ber 86 of the basket 36 have been moved for
wardly-out of engagement with the guides 42.
75 The basket 36n may then be tipped downwardly
v
,
The shelf 32, it will be observed, supports in 70
addition to the defrosting tray 34, the shelf bas
kets 36 and 38. The shelf basket 38, in addition
to providing a movable carriage or support for
relatively tall objects, such as bottles, provides
below the bottle support, a storage 'place for 75
9,134,106
4
various small sized provisions, and because of
the movability of the shelf basket 38, access may
readily be had to anything stored within the bas
ket 38. The open work construction of the shelf
baskets 36 and 3B does not impede the free cir
culation of air within the provision compartment
and enables such circulating air to pass in heat
exchange relationship with anything disposed
10
within such basket 36 or 38.
While the invention has been described with
some detail, it is to be understood that the de
scription is for the purpose of illustration only
and is not definitive of the limits of the inventive
idea. The right is reserved to make such changes
15 in the details of construction and arrangement
of parts as will fall within the purview of the
attached claims.
We claim:
1. In combination; a heat insulated compart-`
20 ment, cooling means disposed therein adjacent
partment provided with means for cooling the
same, and comprising a shelf in said compart
ment, a basket, means for supporting said basket.
for sliding movement relative to said shelf, and
cooperating means on said shelf and on said
basket and adapted to permit the pivoting there
of with respect to said shelf after said basket has
reached the end of its sliding travel relative to the
shelf, said basket having a front closing means
substantially overlapping the top thereof and 10
serving as a front and bottom of said basket while
in its pivoted position.
5. In combination, a heat insulated compart
ment provided with means for cooling the same, a
drip tray adapted to be disposed beneath said
cooling means and provided with a pocket there
in, and a light disposed within said compartment
and adapted to be received in said pocket of said
drip tray when the same is disposed in position
beneath said cooling means'l
,
6. In combination with a heat ‘insulated com
the top thereof and spaced from the side walls
thereof, a shelf extending transversely of such partment provided withl means for cooling same,
compartment and spaced below said coolingv a door opening for providing access to said com
means, a drip tray supported by said shelf below partment, a shelf in said compartment, a basket
said cooling means, guide means on said shelf on slidably mounted on said shelf and having means
thereon for engaging a forward portion of said
both sides of said cooling means, open work con
shelf
upon the withdrawal of said basket from
tainers mounted for sliding movement in each of
said guide means, one of said containers being said compartment for permitting at such time of
accessible from the top thereof and the other withdrawal angular motion of said basket rela
tive to said shelf, the distance between said means
30 from a side thereof when same have been moved and the front> edge of said basket being substan
outwardly from said compartment, and shelf
means extending between one of the side walls of tially equal to the distance between said forward
said compartment and said cooling means and portion of said shelf and the front bottom edge of
said door opening so that the forward portion
disposed above one of said containers for pre
of said basket may be supported by said edge of
venting
accessibility
thereto
from
above
while
35
same is in normal position under saidshelf means, said door opening when moved angularly about
said forward portion of said shelf.
said shelf means, containers and shelf upon
'7_. In combination, a heat insulated compart
which said containers are mounted being so con
structed as to permit a substantially unimpaired ment provided with means for cooling the same, 40
a shelf in said compartment, a receptacle sup-v
circulation of air therethrough and in heat ex
40
change relationship with provisions stored in ported by said shelf and open at the top to ai'ford
access to the interior thereof, said receptacle be
such containers and upon such shelves.
ing supported for sliding movement by said shelf
2. In combination, a heat insulated chamber
provided with cooling means spaced from the side
walls thereof, a shelf extending transversely of
45
said chamber, a basket supported for sliding
movement upon said shelf between said cooling
means and one of the side walls of said chamber,
' said basket providing a compartment therein, and
an opening in a side of the basket affording access
50 to said compartment when said basket has been
moved out from between said cooling means and
said one of said side walls.
>
3. In combination, a heat insulated compart
ment provided with cooling means therein spaced
55
from the side walls thereof, a basket adapted to
be supported within said compartment between
said cooling means and one of the side walls of
said compartment and mounted for movement
into and out of said compartment, and an open
ing in said basket affording access to the interior
thereof, the opening to the interior of said basket
being obstructed by said cooling means when said
basket is in normal position within the compart-,
ment and being exposed when said basket is
moved out of said compartment, said basket being
so constructed and arranged as to permit sub
stantially free circulation of air therethrough and
in heat exchange relationship with articles con
tained within said basket.
4. Shelf 4structure'for a heat insulated com
from a position over said shelf to a position where
said receptacle overhangs said shelf, and cooper 45
ating means provided on a rear portion of said~
receptacle and a front portion of said shelf pro
viding a connection for supporting said receptacle
when the same is tilted materially downwardly
relative to said shelf, the front of said receptacle
being constructed so as to support and retain
provisions in said receptacle when the same is in
a tilted position.
'
8. The construction as defined in claim 'l'
wherein the receptacle is provided with a par
tition extending thereacross, said partition pro
viding a horizontally arranged shelf when said
receptacle is in a tilted position.
«
9. In combination, a heat insulated compart
ment provided with means for cooling the same, 60
a shelf in said compartment provided with a
stationary section and a relatively movable shelf I
section, and separable means cooperable with said
movable shelf section to provide in conjunction
therewith when assembled, a provision drawer,
said movable shelf section forming the bottom of
said drawer and said separable means forming
the sides thereof.
LEONARD H. DARBYSHIRE.
OSCAR E. NORBERG.
70
HERBERT MORLEY.
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