Патент USA US2134269код для вставки
Oct. '25, 1938. . MSYNCK- ‘ r, 2,134,269 HAY RAKE Filed Dec. 9, 1936 java/M71111. 7222a?’ INVENTOR ATTORNEYS Patented Oct. 25, 1938 _ 2,134,269 UNITED‘, STATES PATEN T‘ foFFi CE ' ,HAY ~ 2,134,269‘ RAKE Adolph J. Synck, Goldwater, Ohio,a‘ assignor corporation New Idea, Inc., Goldwater, Ohio,of Ohio - Original application November 25, ‘1935, Serial No. 51,408. Divided and "this application De cember 9, 1936, SeriaI This invention relates'to' hay rakes of the side delivery type, the invention'relating more par ticularly to improvements whereby the‘tongue 5 may be shifted laterally with respect to the ma chine; this application being a division of my pending application ?led November 25th, 1935, No. 114.932: 3 . vantageous and‘ne'cessary. The advisability of making a shift'ofi'thev tongue may appear sev eral times in a, day’s operation; therefore, an. operator should be enabled to make the shift of the tongue as quicklyv and easily as possible and I: the I device by which the tongue is retained in _ In the pending application referred to it was its shiftedw positions should be readily releasable . explained that in the raking of certain crops, to permit the tongue to be moved and as read ily'replaced to retain the tongue in place; 'In particularly the crops from which it is intended ‘the present‘ instance the construction not only ‘p to thresh seed, such as clover, beans and the like, permits of a‘quick shifting-of the tongueybut if one of the, horses is forced to walk onan also ‘by'simple means permits of a'very quick’ 7 edge of a window, Serial No. 51,408. 15 or if one of the wheels must ~ detachmentv of the tongue proper from travel on a portion of a windrow, it is desirable which is advantageous when the to shift the wheel axially su?iciently to ,clear the chine is to be stored away. ‘ windrow and also to move the tongue laterally so that the horse may likewise clear the wind row, it being clear that the rolling action of the 20 Referring to. the drawing, the tongue ‘itself, in the present case, is the wooden member frag ‘mentarily shown at 40. Across the rear end of wheel and the trampling of the horse on the seed pods breaks the pods and the seed loss is the tongue 40 issecured an angle iron‘member then comparatively heavy. In the pending ap plication referred to the means for shifting’ the ‘distribute the pull “on the‘frame to separated wheel is described and claimed and the present application is con?ned to the means for shift-' ing the tongue. An object of the present invention is the pro vision of means whereby the shifting ‘of the tongue can be quickly and easily performed and. the retaining means for the tongue removed and reapplied easily and quickly. ~ _ A further object of the invention’ is to provide improved means for permitting thevadjustment of the tongue laterally with respect to the ma chine.‘ 35 the ma machine Referring to the drawing: _ Fig. 1 is a top plan view showing my improved shiftable tongue applied to the frame of the rake, a portion of which is shown conventionally. Fig. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary transverse 40 section on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1. d Fig. 3 is a transverse section on the line 3—3 of Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary longitudi nal section on the line 4-4 of Fig. 3. 45 Fig. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary longitudinal section on the line 5—'-5 of Fig. 3. Fig. 6 is a view mainly in perspective with some of the parts broken away'to show details in sec tion, of one portion of the connection of the 50 shiftable tongue with the main frame of the rake. As explained in my pending application re ferred to, the necessity and advantage'of shift ing a drive wheel indicates that a shifting of 55 the tongue in the same ‘direction is ‘just as ad 4| of a. su?icient length that the effect is to. points as will be seen. Two tongue braces 42 and 43 are employed, one each being secured as by welding, or’ other means-at ‘a point such as indicated at‘ 44; Fig‘. 2, to each end of the cross member’ 4|, then bent diagonallytowards . the tongue to which'they are bolted at their forward ends by the bolt 45, ‘Figs. 1 and 3. The r'earward‘end of each of the diagonal braces 42 and 43 is ~formedinto an eye; one only of these eyes is shown. in full lines, it ‘being the eye 46 (Figs. 4' and 6). The other eye ‘is shown in "dotted lines in _Fig. 1 and is formed in the same manner except that it is on the reversed hand, an'divas can be seen in Fig. 1 the axis of each 135 @eye is in, a'verticalplane. v __ 1 ;,'I'he connection of the tongue thus constructed .with the fra'meof the machine is as follows: At two fairly Well separated'pointson the for ward rail 41 of the main frame I are‘secured in 110 parallel, relation to J the rail'4l,'two round, rods 48, and 49, tubular in 'thepresent case forplight ness in Weight." Each of these rods is secured at _jeach ofits ends to thevertical forward side of the rail 41‘ by bolts‘ 50, the bolts passing trans 45 versely throughjthe' rods near the ends thereof and through. the vertical; leg ,of the forward rail 41, l and through saddle members 5| interposed between the rods and the rail to provide a spaced apart relation of the rods and the rail; Since as will be explained, the spaced apart eyes 46 of the tongue 40'ar'e connected with the rods 48 and 49, the'length of the rods depends ion the amount of shift desired for the tongue, _ and the disp'ositionof the pair of rods along the 2 ,, » . 2,134,269 rail depends on where it is desired that the draft animals are to walk. The tongue is detachably and slidably connected with the rods by the use of U-shaped clevises indicated in general at 52, an idea of the longitudinal cross-section and and 5) at such a distance from the lower surface of the horizontal leg of the rail 41 as to provide the space 10, so that the retainer may be lifted to the extent of the space 10, and to hold the retainer down on the rail, a spring 1| surrounds therefore of its general form probably being best obtained from‘Fig. 5.‘ Referring especially to Fig. 5 it can be seen that the U-bend portion of the clevis as indicated at 53 encompasses the the longer pin and is interposed between the lower surface of ‘the horizontal legv of the rail 41 and 'a ‘transversely inserted cotter ‘l2 bear the lower end of the longer pin. ‘ v."I‘he forward portion of the tongue retainer is 10 10 rod 49 about one-half its circumference, and thati‘ .bent downwardly as at 13 to the extent that its the upper leg 54 and lower leg 55 of the U-bend forward edge almost makes contact with the rod are in the present case spread apart to receive 1' 49_ (Fig. 4_) and-since the length of the retainer the eye 46 on the end of thebra'ce 43..“The‘de lessthan the space between the saddle mem tachable connection of thelieyeIwith'@the-clevis' is bers carrying the rod 49 by twice the width of 15 52 is by means of a pin 55 which passes through theclevis (Fig. 1'), itcan be seen that by dispos aligned openings in the legs 543and~55 and,~ing the retainer centrally between the saddle through the eye 46. To further strengthen, the _ members; that, a space is left between each end connection, the upper leg 54 of the clevis is ex.-’ - of the retainer and an adjacent saddle member, tended as at 58 to lie over the uppersurface of n .e which space will accommodate the clevis. In 20 the cross member 4| at the point of the ‘welded’ ' this manner, the tongueisheld at either extreme connection of the diagonal brace’ 43 therewith. A pocket is formedto receive‘the‘ extended por of its possible movement. ,JI‘o shift the tongue, it is onlynecessary to lift tion 58 of the clevis v52 by the securingon the the. tongue retainer, the retainer hinging to a upper surface ‘of the cross member~ 4l~ at the end. certain'extent' on the shorter pins so that the a’ strap 59. As seen best in Fig. 2 the 2.5 thereof strapmember 59issecuredas by rivets 60 to the cross member 4|, and is thenvbentxupwardlyas at 5| (Figs. 2 and 6) and horizontally as at 62 to lie over the end of the cross-member 4| and downwardly as at ~63 tocomplete the'pocket. forward bent edge is~lifted against the, action of the spring 1 l I The extent to which it is lifted is merely su?icient that the forward depending edge 13 clears the clevis as shown by the broken lines ir'rFigs 5, after which the tongue may be 30 slid laterally along the rods. In order to enable Referring to Fig._6- whichshows one ofthe "the operator to conveniently lift the retainer, a connections of the tongue with the frame, it will ‘lifting tab is ,formed in the center of the for be clear that to detach the tongue from thema .ward edge as indicated at 14, the space left by chine, the cotters such, as 54 are removedfrom pins 56, the pins are withdrawn from the 35 the clevises, and the tongueeydrawn forwardly, leav ing the clevises hanging on the rods, from which the clevises may be ?nally removed ifrdesired. turning upwardly the lifting tab being made wide enough; to receive the clevis whereby a central 35 position for the tongue is obtained as shown by the fulllines in Fig. l‘, the broken lines showing the position'of the tongue when the clevis is be To attach the tongue to the machine, each of the ing retained between theclevis and a saddle clevis extended portions 58 is entered into its re member, or at its extremes of position. When spective pocket and the tongue is moved rear the tongueis placed in'the desired position, the wardly'until the eyes arefaligned with the open retainer is released, the spring returning the re ings in the clevis legs 54 and-55,,after which the tainer to its normal position and holding the pins are inserted and retained by the cotters 64. tongue against displacement by vibration. From this it will be seen that there is provided It will then be seen that with the construction a hingeable connection of‘ the tongue with the asdescribed, there is provided a simple, effective machine, obtained throughthe direct connection of the clevises with the rods,’ and that also the tongue may be moved laterally bya sliding move ment from ‘side to side-as indicated by the three positions shown in full and broken lines in Fig. 1. To retain the tongue inany one of the three po sitions as desired is the function of the member now to be described. This member engages one of the clevises 52, and as one only. is needed, the clevis near the shiftablewheel 3 is, the one to be engaged, as when an operator. isfshiftihg this wheel, he can also very, readily shift'the tongue, it having been statedthat in almost all cases where it is advisable to shift the wheel it .60 is also preferable to shift the tongue.‘ ' ' The tongue retaining member is. formed of suit ably heavy flat sheet metal, and is loosely mount ed on the upper'surface of the forward rail 41. _an<l:durablev retaining means for holding the .shiftable tongue in any ofits possible positions, and one in which the time of operation is held to aminimum. ' ._.~ , v v , _. lBy this arrangement the shift is readily made ,in- contrast with‘ivitheearlier forms amounting to dismantling and reassembling some portion of the machine for itcan beseen that when it is < understood. that the advisability for shifting either the wheel or thetongue, or both, may oc cur severaltimesin a day’s operation, that the operation of shifting either or both of these ele ments will likely be deferreduntil a later time or 60 postponed entirely if 'the operation can only be 'done ‘at the'expen‘se of a great deal of time or labor. . _ . . , » Having thus described myinvention, I claim: 1-._ In a hay rake, a main frame, a pair of In the present case, this loose connection is?by spaced-apart rods secured to the forward por means of three pins, two shorter pins 55 passing ..tion of said frame and lying substantially paral through openings 65 (one only being shown in * lel therewith, a tongue, a cross member attached Fig. .4) in the ?at portion 51 .of the retaining to the rear endv of said tongue, a pair of braces member and through the horizontal leg of‘ the connecting said tongue with each end of said forward rail, these openings being somewhat cross member, a clevis pivotally and slidably 170 larger than the rivets. to’. provide the desired mountedupon ‘each. of ‘said rods, means for de and a longer pin 68 also passing tachably connecting each clevis with the rear end .looseness, through the retainer and the rail.~ In each of the of one-‘of said braces, anda retaining member shorter pins65 near the lower endthereof there supported by said frame for retaining one of said ,Lis transversely inserted a potter piI}, 58 (Figs. 4 575 2,184,269 clevises in any one of a plurality of positions on its corresponding rod. 2. In a hay rake, a main frame, a pair of spaced-apart rods secured to the forward por tion of said frame and lying substantially paral lel therewith, a tongue, a cross member attached to the rear end of said tongue, a pair of braces connecting said tongue with each end of said cross member, a clevis pivotally and slidably 10 mounted on each of said rods, said cross mem— ber having a pocket at each end to receive one of the legs of a clevis, means for detachably connecting each clevis with the rear end of one of said braces, and a retaining member supported 15 by said frame for retaining one of said clevises in any one of a plurality of positions on the corresponding rod. 3‘. In a hay rake, a main frame, a pair of spaced-apart rods, means for securing said rods 20 to the forward portion of said frame in substan tially parallel relation therewith including a pair of saddles at each end of each rod, a tongue, a cross member attached to the rear end of said 3 ber and extending rearwardly thereof, the ex tended portion of each brace member being formed into an eye, a pocket formed at each endv of said cross member, a U-shaped clevis having one leg longer than the other pivotally and slid— CI ably depending from each of said aligned rods, each of said clevises adapted to embrace an eye of one of said braces, each of said clevises having ' an aligned opening in each of its legs to register with the eye of the corresponding brace, a re 10 movable pin insertable through the said openings of each clevis and through the eye of the corre sponding brace, and aspring-pressed retaining member attached to the forward rail adjacent one of the said aligned rods to engage one of said clevises in any of a plurality of positions thereof on the ‘corresponding rod. , 5. In a hay rake, a main frame, a tongue, a device laterally shiftable with respect to said frame for connecting said tongue and frame, 20 means for supporting the shiftable device from the frame, a movable retaining member carried tongue, a pair of braces connecting said tongue - by said frame formed to provide intermediate 25 with each end of said cross member, a clevis spaced engaging surfaces to engage the ends of pivotally and slidably mounted upon each of said said device to retain it in a central'position, and 25 rods, means for detachably connecting each being further provided with an, engaging sur clevis with the rear end of one of said braces, face on each end thereof to engage and hold said and a retaining member for one of said clevises device to one side of the central position between 30 comprising a yieldable plate supported by said the retaining member and said supporting ' frame and positioned centrally of the length of means. 6. In a hay rake, a main frame, a tongue, a one of said rods and forming spaces between the ends of the plates and the respective saddles of laterally shiftable device for connecting said that rod to receive and retain said clevis, said tongue and frame, means for supporting the shiftable device from the frame, and a movable 35 plate also having a central notch to receive said clevis. > 4. In a hay rake, a main frame, a pair of spaced-apart axially-aligned rods secured to the forward rail of said frame, a detachable tongue, 40 a cross member secured to the rearward end of said tongue, a brace member attached to each side of the tongue forwardly of the cross mem retaining member carriedv by said frame having _a free front edge formed to engage said device to hold the latter in'a central position'and hav ing side edges each formed to engage and hold said device to either side of said central posi tion between the retaining member and support 40 ing means when the same is shifted. ber and secured at each end of said cross mem ADOLPH J. SYNCK.