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Патент USA US2134269

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Oct. '25, 1938.
r, 2,134,269
Filed Dec. 9, 1936
Patented Oct. 25, 1938
_ 2,134,269
~ 2,134,269‘
Adolph J. Synck, Goldwater,
Ohio,a‘ assignor
New Idea, Inc., Goldwater, Ohio,of Ohio -
Original application November 25, ‘1935, Serial
No. 51,408. Divided and "this application De
cember 9, 1936, SeriaI
This invention relates'to' hay rakes of the side
delivery type, the invention'relating more par
ticularly to improvements whereby the‘tongue
may be shifted laterally with respect to the ma
chine; this application being a division of my
pending application ?led November 25th, 1935,
No. 114.932:
3 .
vantageous and‘ne'cessary. The advisability of
making a shift'ofi'thev tongue may appear sev
eral times in a, day’s operation; therefore, an.
operator should be enabled to make the shift of
the tongue as quicklyv and easily as possible and I:
the I device by which the tongue is retained in
In the pending application referred to it was its shiftedw positions should be readily releasable .
explained that in the raking of certain crops, to permit the tongue to be moved and as read
ily'replaced to retain the tongue in place; 'In
particularly the crops from which it is intended ‘the
present‘ instance the construction not only ‘p
to thresh seed, such as clover, beans and the like, permits of a‘quick shifting-of
the tongueybut
if one of the, horses is forced to walk onan
also ‘by'simple means permits of a'very quick’ 7
edge of a window,
Serial No. 51,408.
or if one of the wheels must ~ detachmentv of the tongue proper from
travel on a portion of a windrow, it is desirable
which is advantageous when the
to shift the wheel axially su?iciently to ,clear the chine
is to be stored away. ‘
windrow and also to move the tongue laterally
so that the horse may likewise clear the wind
row, it being clear that the rolling action of the
Referring to. the drawing, the tongue ‘itself,
in the present case, is the wooden member frag
‘mentarily shown at 40. Across the rear end of
wheel and the trampling of the horse on the
seed pods breaks the pods and the seed loss is
the tongue 40 issecured an angle iron‘member
then comparatively heavy. In the pending ap
plication referred to the means for shifting’ the
‘distribute the pull “on the‘frame to separated
wheel is described and claimed and the present
application is con?ned to the means for shift-'
ing the tongue.
An object of the present invention is the pro
vision of means whereby the shifting ‘of the
tongue can be quickly and easily performed and.
the retaining means for the tongue removed and
reapplied easily and quickly.
A further object of the invention’ is to provide
improved means for permitting thevadjustment
of the tongue laterally with respect to the ma
the ma
Referring to the drawing:
Fig. 1 is a top plan view showing my improved
shiftable tongue applied to the frame of the
rake, a portion of which is shown conventionally.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary transverse
40 section on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a transverse section on the line 3—3
of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary longitudi
nal section on the line 4-4 of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary longitudinal
section on the line 5—'-5 of Fig. 3.
Fig. 6 is a view mainly in perspective with some
of the parts broken away'to show details in sec
tion, of one portion of the connection of the
50 shiftable tongue with the main frame of the
As explained in my pending application re
ferred to, the necessity and advantage'of shift
ing a drive wheel indicates that a shifting of
55 the tongue in the same ‘direction is ‘just as ad
4| of a. su?icient length that the effect is to.
points as will be seen. Two tongue braces 42
and 43 are employed, one each being secured
as by welding, or’ other means-at ‘a point such
as indicated at‘ 44; Fig‘. 2, to each end of the
cross member’ 4|, then bent diagonallytowards .
the tongue to which'they are bolted at their
forward ends by the bolt 45, ‘Figs. 1 and 3. The
r'earward‘end of each of the diagonal braces 42
and 43 is ~formedinto an eye; one only of these
eyes is shown. in full lines, it ‘being the eye 46
(Figs. 4' and 6). The other eye ‘is shown in
"dotted lines in _Fig. 1 and is formed in the same
manner except that it is on the reversed hand,
an'divas can be seen in Fig. 1 the axis of each 135
@eye is in, a'verticalplane. v
1 ;,'I'he connection of the tongue thus constructed
.with the fra'meof the machine is as follows:
At two fairly Well separated'pointson the for
ward rail 41 of the main frame I are‘secured in 110
parallel, relation to J the rail'4l,'two round, rods
48, and 49, tubular in 'thepresent case forplight
ness in Weight." Each of these rods is secured at
_jeach ofits ends to thevertical forward side of
the rail 41‘ by bolts‘ 50, the bolts passing trans 45
versely throughjthe' rods near the ends thereof
and through. the vertical; leg ,of the forward rail
41, l and through saddle members 5| interposed
between the rods and the rail to provide a spaced
apart relation of the rods and the rail;
Since as will be explained, the spaced apart
eyes 46 of the tongue 40'ar'e connected with the
rods 48 and 49, the'length of the rods depends
ion the amount
of shift desired for the tongue,
and the disp'ositionof the pair of rods along the
rail depends on where it is desired that the draft
animals are to walk. The tongue is detachably
and slidably connected with the rods by the use
of U-shaped clevises indicated in general at 52,
an idea of the longitudinal cross-section and
and 5) at such a distance from the lower surface
of the horizontal leg of the rail 41 as to provide
the space 10, so that the retainer may be lifted
to the extent of the space 10, and to hold the
retainer down on the rail, a spring 1| surrounds
therefore of its general form probably being best
obtained from‘Fig. 5.‘ Referring especially to
Fig. 5 it can be seen that the U-bend portion
of the clevis as indicated at 53 encompasses the
the longer pin and is interposed between the
lower surface of ‘the horizontal legv of the rail 41
and 'a ‘transversely inserted cotter ‘l2 bear the
lower end of the longer pin.
‘ v."I‘he forward portion of the tongue retainer is 10
10 rod 49 about one-half its circumference, and thati‘ .bent downwardly as at 13 to the extent that its
the upper leg 54 and lower leg 55 of the U-bend forward edge almost makes contact with the rod
are in the present case spread apart to receive 1' 49_ (Fig. 4_) and-since the length of the retainer
the eye 46 on the end of thebra'ce 43..“The‘de
lessthan the space between the saddle mem
tachable connection of thelieyeIwith'@the-clevis' is
bers carrying the rod 49 by twice the width of
15 52 is by means of a pin 55 which passes through
theclevis (Fig. 1'), itcan be seen that by dispos
aligned openings in the legs 543and~55 and,~ing the retainer centrally between the saddle
through the eye 46. To further strengthen, the _ members; that, a space is left between each end
connection, the upper leg 54 of the clevis is ex.-’ - of the retainer and an adjacent saddle member,
tended as at 58 to lie over the uppersurface of n .e which space will accommodate the clevis. In
20 the cross member 4| at the point of the ‘welded’ ' this manner, the tongueisheld at either extreme
connection of the diagonal brace’ 43 therewith.
A pocket is formedto receive‘the‘ extended por
of its possible movement.
,JI‘o shift the tongue, it is onlynecessary to lift
tion 58 of the clevis v52 by the securingon the the. tongue retainer, the retainer hinging to a
upper surface ‘of the cross member~ 4l~ at the end. certain'extent' on the shorter pins so that the
a’ strap 59. As seen best in Fig. 2 the
2.5 thereof
strapmember 59issecuredas by rivets 60 to the
cross member 4|, and is thenvbentxupwardlyas
at 5| (Figs. 2 and 6) and horizontally as at 62
to lie over the end of the cross-member 4| and
downwardly as at ~63 tocomplete the'pocket.
forward bent edge is~lifted against the, action of
the spring 1 l I The extent to which it is lifted
is merely su?icient that the forward depending
edge 13 clears the clevis as shown by the broken
lines ir'rFigs 5, after which the tongue may be
slid laterally along the rods. In order to enable
Referring to Fig._6- whichshows one ofthe "the operator to conveniently lift the retainer, a
connections of the tongue with the frame, it will ‘lifting tab is ,formed in the center of the for
be clear that to detach the tongue from thema .ward edge as indicated at 14, the space left by
chine, the cotters such, as 54 are removedfrom
pins 56, the pins are withdrawn from the
35 the
clevises, and the tongueeydrawn forwardly, leav
ing the clevises hanging on the rods, from which
the clevises may be ?nally removed ifrdesired.
turning upwardly the lifting tab being made wide
enough; to receive the clevis whereby a central
position for the tongue is obtained as shown by
the fulllines in Fig. l‘, the broken lines showing
the position'of the tongue when the clevis is be
To attach the tongue to the machine, each of the ing retained between theclevis and a saddle
clevis extended portions 58 is entered into its re
member, or at its extremes of position. When
spective pocket and the tongue is moved rear
the tongueis placed in'the desired position, the
wardly'until the eyes arefaligned with the open
retainer is released, the spring returning the re
ings in the clevis legs 54 and-55,,after which the tainer to its normal position and holding the
pins are inserted and retained by the cotters 64.
tongue against displacement by vibration.
From this it will be seen that there is provided
It will then be seen that with the construction
a hingeable connection of‘ the tongue with the asdescribed, there is provided a simple, effective
machine, obtained throughthe direct connection
of the clevises with the rods,’ and that also the
tongue may be moved laterally bya sliding move
ment from ‘side to side-as indicated by the three
positions shown in full and broken lines in Fig. 1.
To retain the tongue inany one of the three po
sitions as desired is the function of the member
now to be described. This member engages one
of the clevises 52, and as one only. is needed,
the clevis near the shiftablewheel 3 is, the one
to be engaged, as when an operator. isfshiftihg
this wheel, he can also very, readily shift'the
tongue, it having been statedthat in almost all
cases where it is advisable to shift the wheel it
.60 is also preferable to shift the tongue.‘ '
The tongue retaining member is. formed of suit
ably heavy flat sheet metal, and is loosely mount
ed on the upper'surface of the forward rail 41.
_an<l:durablev retaining means for holding the
.shiftable tongue in any ofits possible positions,
and one in which the time of operation is held
_. lBy this arrangement the shift is readily made
,in- contrast with‘ivitheearlier forms amounting to
dismantling and reassembling some portion of
the machine for itcan beseen that when it is <
understood. that the advisability for shifting
either the wheel or thetongue, or both, may oc
cur severaltimesin a day’s operation, that the
operation of shifting either or both of these ele
ments will likely be deferreduntil a later time or 60
postponed entirely if 'the operation can only be
'done ‘at the'expen‘se of a great deal of time
Having thus described myinvention, I claim:
1-._ In a hay rake, a main frame, a pair of
In the present case, this loose connection is?by spaced-apart rods secured to the forward por
means of three pins, two shorter pins 55 passing ..tion of said frame and lying substantially paral
through openings 65 (one only being shown in * lel therewith, a tongue, a cross member attached
Fig. .4) in the ?at portion 51 .of the retaining to the rear endv of said tongue, a pair of braces
member and through the horizontal leg of‘ the connecting said tongue with each end of said
forward rail, these openings being somewhat cross member, a clevis pivotally and slidably
larger than the rivets. to’. provide the desired mountedupon ‘each. of ‘said rods, means for de
and a longer pin 68 also passing tachably connecting each clevis with the rear end
through the retainer and the rail.~ In each of the of one-‘of said braces, anda retaining member
shorter pins65 near the lower endthereof there supported by said frame for retaining one of said
,Lis transversely inserted a potter piI}, 58 (Figs. 4
clevises in any one of a plurality of positions
on its corresponding rod.
2. In a hay rake, a main frame, a pair of
spaced-apart rods secured to the forward por
tion of said frame and lying substantially paral
lel therewith, a tongue, a cross member attached
to the rear end of said tongue, a pair of braces
connecting said tongue with each end of said
cross member, a clevis pivotally and slidably
10 mounted on each of said rods, said cross mem—
ber having a pocket at each end to receive one
of the legs of a clevis, means for detachably
connecting each clevis with the rear end of one
of said braces, and a retaining member supported
15 by said frame for retaining one of said clevises
in any one of a plurality of positions on the
corresponding rod.
3‘. In a hay rake, a main frame, a pair of
spaced-apart rods, means for securing said rods
20 to the forward portion of said frame in substan
tially parallel relation therewith including a pair
of saddles at each end of each rod, a tongue, a
cross member attached to the rear end of said
ber and extending rearwardly thereof, the ex
tended portion of each brace member being
formed into an eye, a pocket formed at each endv
of said cross member, a U-shaped clevis having
one leg longer than the other pivotally and slid— CI
ably depending from each of said aligned rods,
each of said clevises adapted to embrace an eye
of one of said braces, each of said clevises having '
an aligned opening in each of its legs to register
with the eye of the corresponding brace, a re 10
movable pin insertable through the said openings
of each clevis and through the eye of the corre
sponding brace, and aspring-pressed retaining
member attached to the forward rail adjacent
one of the said aligned rods to engage one of said
clevises in any of a plurality of positions thereof
on the ‘corresponding rod.
5. In a hay rake, a main frame, a tongue, a
device laterally shiftable with respect to said
frame for connecting said tongue and frame, 20
means for supporting the shiftable device from
the frame, a movable retaining member carried
tongue, a pair of braces connecting said tongue - by said frame formed to provide intermediate
25 with each end of said cross member, a clevis spaced engaging surfaces to engage the ends of
pivotally and slidably mounted upon each of said said device to retain it in a central'position, and 25
rods, means for detachably connecting each being further provided with an, engaging sur
clevis with the rear end of one of said braces, face on each end thereof to engage and hold said
and a retaining member for one of said clevises device to one side of the central position between
30 comprising a yieldable plate supported by said
the retaining member and said supporting '
frame and positioned centrally of the length of means.
6. In a hay rake, a main frame, a tongue, a
one of said rods and forming spaces between the
ends of the plates and the respective saddles of laterally shiftable device for connecting said
that rod to receive and retain said clevis, said tongue and frame, means for supporting the
shiftable device from the frame, and a movable
35 plate also having a central notch to receive said
4. In a hay rake, a main frame, a pair of
spaced-apart axially-aligned rods secured to the
forward rail of said frame, a detachable tongue,
40 a cross member secured to the rearward end of
said tongue, a brace member attached to each
side of the tongue forwardly of the cross mem
retaining member carriedv by said frame having
_a free front edge formed to engage said device
to hold the latter in'a central position'and hav
ing side edges each formed to engage and hold
said device to either side of said central posi
tion between the retaining member and support 40
ing means when the same is shifted.
ber and secured at each end of said cross mem
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