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Патент USA US2134284

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Oct. 25, 1938.
Filed March 5, 1954
8 Sheets-Sheét 1
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Oct. 25, 1938.
1.. M. KEEFE
' 2,134,284
Filed March 5, 1934
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Oct. 25, 1938.
Filed March 5, 1954
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Filed March‘ a, 1954
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Patented v‘Oct. 25, 1938
2,134,284 I
RECORD coNTnoLLEn momma
Lincoln M. Keefe, Spring?eld, Mass, assignor to
Remington Rand Inc., Bu?alo, N. Y., a cor
poration of Delaware
Application March, 3, 1934, Serial No. 713,868
21 Claims. (Cl. 235-613)
This invention relates to improvements in rec
ord controlled machines of the pin sensing type
able with an auxiliary sensing means cooperating
with the sensing pins, means for energizing the
and is directed more particularly to translators
auxiliary sensing means and the elements con
for machines of this character.‘ This new and ' ne'cted thereto successively in accordance with
improved translator, one embodiment of which
the horizontal rows and vertical columns of the 5
is shown and described herein, is provided with
a a plurality of electrical paths adapted to be com
pleted by the mechanical operation of the sensing
pins of the machine and electrical impulses pass
= ing via these paths release .moving interposers
which control the functional and operative cycles
of the machine, and is an improvement on the
' subject-matter described inmy U. S. Patent No.‘
2,122,206, issued June 28,\1938.
Another object of the invention is the provi
sion in mechanical tabulating machines of the
pin sensing type of a translator which may be
positioned between the sensing pins and the type
bar actuators and operative controls of the ma
20 chine adapted to be used with both the regular
type of forty-?ve column record‘and the denomi
index point positions on the cards, and electrical
instrumentalities in circuit with the electrical re
leases and so arranged that they ‘may be disabled
to obtain one result or enabled for obtaining an
entirely different result.
Another object of the invention is the provision
in record controlled machines of the pin sensing
type of a translator adapted to substitute electri
cal impulses having time, sequence and position
values for the mechanical impulses having posi- l5
tionvalues only.
A further object of the invention is the provi
sion in a tabulating-printer of the pin sensing
type Vin which the record cards, are stationary
while being sensed by a .pin sensing means, of a 20
translator having moving interposers adapted to
national type of record, such as that shown and I be electrically released when selectively included
described in Patent #1,780,621, issued November
4th, 1930, to W. W. Lasker, using the regular type
25 of stop pin basket instead of the special one shown
in the aforesaid patent to Lasker. When the
regular type of forty-?ve column record is used,
a lever on the translator is thrown to one extreme
position and when the denominational type of
30 record is used this lever is thrown to the opposite
extreme position. When the lever is in the latter
extreme position, control relays connected in cir
cuit with the return wires of electro-magnetic
in circuits with contact devices actuated by the
pin sensing means, and including instrumental
ities in the return wires of said electrical releases 25
also adapted to be controlled by some of the pins
of said sensing means for enabling or disabling
said electrical releases when denominational rec
ords are used.
Another object of the invention is the provision 30
of a translator having‘electrically released mov
ing interposers and instrumentalities in ,the re
turn ‘wires of the electrical releases anda con
trol lever therein adapted to be thrown into two
releases associated with moving interposers in
35 the translators disable or enable circuits in which ' extreme positions one of ‘which includes the in- 35
these return wires are connected. This enabling , .strumentalities in circuits with the electrical re
and disabling is controlled by the denominational leases and the other of which nulli?es the‘ action
holes in the record. Whenthe lever is thrown of said instrumentalities.
-> in the ?rst-mentioned positioh for use with the
A further object of the invention is the provi
40 regular type of record, these relays are disabled sion in a. translator having moving interposers 40
and the electro-magnetic releases are directly adapted to be released electrically, of a plurality
controlled by instrumentalities cooperatingwith
the sensing pins of the tabulating machine.
A further object of the invention is the provi
45 sion in a record controlled device in which the
record cards are stationary‘ while being sensed
_ by the analyzing pins of the device, of a mechani
cal-electrical translator including a plurality of
interposers one for each card column in the ma
50 chine, each positioned adjacent to a row of stops
of contactors each ,of which is adapted to be ’
actuated by a mechanical sensing pin in a record 7
controlled device, and ‘having contactors so ar
ranged in. groups that one group may be moved 45
out of range of said sensing pins while the other
is within the range'of the pins and subsequently
the group within range of the pins may be moved out of range therewith and said ?rst group moved _ I
into range therewith.
- Another object of the invention is the provision
for controlling the operation and functioning of
the device, moving said interposers in timed rela
in a mechanical~electrical translator of a plu
tion to a de?nite portion of‘ an operating cycle of
rality of impulse'distributors one of which is
the‘ device, electrical releases associated with the adapted to successively energize ‘\contactors cor
65 interposers and adapted to be selectively connect- ‘ responding to the vertical columns ofindex point
rod in the translator, and in turn the 'upper end
positions of_a record card, or successively ener
gize and de-energize said contactors in accord
ance with the type of record used, the ?rst being
used for the conventional forty-?ve column ‘type
record and the latter for the so-called “ninety
column”, or denominational type record.
of the push wire raises the stop with which it co
operates, thereby, for example, controlling the
position at which a type segment comes to rest,
and others of these push rods in the translator, -
when engaged by a sensing pin, may control the
operating or functional elements of the machine.
A good example of an existing translator is
shown in Figures 4, 5 and 9 of the above men
tioned Powers’ patent. It is housed in a unitary, 10
A further object of the invention is the pro
vision in a mechanical-electrical tabulator of
'mechanism driven by said tabulator adapted to
complete electrical paths therein, to distribute
electrical impulses to said paths in accordance
with the type of record used and to alternately
removable structure, and the push rods are ar
shift vgroups of contactors into and out of range
with sensing pins in said tabulator.
Another object of the invention is the pro
visionin a record controlled accounting machine
having record controlled sensing pins and includ—.
ing the conventional stop pin basket, of moving
interposers and electrical releases therefor hav
20 ing instrumentalities in the return circuits there
of so arranged that when said instrumentalities
operate, a different stop pin will be actuated by
the interposer than the one corresponding to a
given hole in the record card.
A still further object of the invention is the
provision in a record controlled tabulator, of a‘v
ranged therein in accordance with the form of
record card with which it is to be used.
Within certain limits, the push wires in the _
translator may be arranged to conform to a 15
given card pattern, and push wires corresponding
with sensing‘pins of a given index position in the '
card may terminate in an entirely different posi
tion in the upper face of the translator casing.
In some cases, where one sensing pin is required 20'
to control two type segments the‘ push wires may
be made in the form of a Y, and it (is customary
to make-:these'translators up at the factory in
‘accordance with the card form to‘be used.
Heretofore, it has been customary for the user 25
of suchm'achines to have ‘several translators, to
cover several card forms which he uses- or in
mechanical-electrical translator including mech—
anism‘ adapted to be-rotated by said tabulator,
case it is desired to obtain. several arrangements
of data from a single card form, and every time
the machine is used for, a di?erent card form or
an auxiliary sensing means adapted to be actu
30 ated by the reciprocating action of the mechani
30 -.
setup the corresponding translator is placed in
cal sensing pins in the tabulator, and moving in
terposers adapted to be oscillated by the tabulat
ing machine and having electrical releases
associated therewith including means for selec
.35 tively connecting said releases to an auxiliary
the machine when setting/the same up, for a given
In existing “Powers” machines, the lndicia on
the record cards have position value only, and all 35
sensing means, and means under control of the sensing pins, where holes appear in anycard,
records for disabling or delaying action of the pass therethrough simultaneously.
In existing tabulatlng machines‘ of this charac
electrical releases.
Other objects and advantages will appear from ter designed for use in connection with standard
the speci?cation and drawings in whichare de--_ record cards, the stop pins are arranged in
tailed the description of a speci?c embodiment of groups and each unitary group is called in the
trade a “stop pin basket”. A'sectional view of
the new and improved translator shown in con
a standard stop pin basket is shown in Figure 2
nection with a record controlled tabulator
of the drawlngs,-in Patent #1,'730,513, to W. W.
printer of the mechanical type including a regu
Lasker, mentioned above, the stops being desig
lar type stop pin basket.
An example of a ,tabulating machine with nated by the'numeral 20, and each row contain
which the herein described embodiment of the ing ten stops corresponding to the index point
invention is particularly adapted to be used is positioigs of a vertical column of the record card.
ll-Ieretofore, a standard stop pin basket could
shown and described in Patent #1345504, to'
J. Powers, or Patent #1330513, to W. W. Lasker. not be used for anything but standard records,
prising generally a sensing pin for each index
point position on the record card, and adding,
printing and control elements. A translator is
positioned between the sensing pins and the add
therefore, to use so-called “denominational” or
increased capacity record cards, such as illus
trated in Figure 6 of the drawings, in Patent
#1,780,621, to W. W. Lasker, it was necessary to
develop a special stop pin basket, such as is de
scribed in the last-mentioned patent, and illus
trated therein in Figures 2, 3, 4 and 5.
A tabulating machine equipped with this spe
ing, printing and control elements. The record
cial type of stop basket, which in this speci?ca
These machines are generally known to the trade
as “Powers” machines. They are also referred
to as ‘fmechanical tabulating machines”, and con
sist of a card feeder,la group of sensing pins 'com-'
card is stationary while being sensed, and wher
tionwill hereafter be termed a “ninety column 60
ever each hole appears in a record card at the
stop pin basket”, has the distinct disadvantage
senser, a sensing pin rises and projects there
through, and all of the sensing pins, where holes
in the record appear, rise simultaneously and
in that when so equipped it can not handle the
65 have position values only.
standard forty-?ve column type of record.
Therefore, in many businesses where both types
of records may be used it has been necessary to 65
The existing translators consist of a removable
- casing ‘having therein a plurality of push rods
or wires. These push rods have their lower ends
held in alignment with the sensing pins by means
have separate machines for each type of record.
The present invention contemplates the provi
sion of a universal translator which may be sub
stituted for existing translators in machines of ’
of suitable guides, and their'upper ends in align
this character and thereby-eliminates the neces
ment with a series of stops which control the
adding, printing and functional elements of the
Wherever a sensing pin passes through a hole
in the card it engages the lower end of a push
sity for exchanging translators when, a. different
card form is used in the machine, and a machine
equipped with standard stop pin baskets may be
used with‘ either the standard forty-?ve column
and the stop pin basket thereof;
, _
Figure 2 is‘ a cross-sectional view of the im-_
proved translator constituting one embodiment
‘of the invention and showing details of its con- 5
moving interposer for each-vertical column of the
translator positioned between the sensing pins
records or the denominational, or increased ca
pacity records.
Instead of having a push wire for every index
point position of the card as the present trans
5 llators have, the improved device uses a single
Figure 3 is an enlarged view of the upper part , i
card. These interposers are moved or oscillated
by a mechanical driver moving in timed relation
to a speci?c portion of the operating cycle‘ of
of Figure 1, showing the operation of the print
ing mechanism of the machine and the relation
the machine and each (‘interposer is adapted to of theimproved translator thereto;
Figure 4 is a fragmentary, sectional view in
actuate any one of the stops in the row in which
it operates, corresponding to the'index‘positions , cross-section of a portion of the'contactor ele
ment, showing how the same .is operated by a ,
“0” to (‘9” in any given column of the card.
By means of the moving interposers the indices
sensing pin passing through a punched hole in
15 ‘on or in the cards not, only have position values.
but have time, and sequence values also, an im
provedv feature which was heretofore impossible
in machines of this character.
a record card;
Figure 5 is a sectional view oi! one of the con
tactors shown in Figure 4, showing details of con
struction of the same and showing how it contacts
A plurality of sets of contacts are provided, with its cooperating member;
,Figure 6 is a plan ‘,view‘p‘artly in section show- 20,
20 one set cooperating with each of the sensing pins,
r so that when the sensing pins pass through holes . ing the relative positions of the cams on the main
which appear in the card, the set of contact drive shaft of the machinefor oscillating the~
elements cooperating ‘therewith are closed. interposers and resetting the same, and showing
the relative positions of the impulse distributors
These contact elements terminate in a plurality
25 of jacks in a plug board.
~ and the interrupters; .
Figure .7 is an elevation lot‘ the oscillating and
Electricity is supplied to these ‘contacts by a
suitable impulse‘ distributor rotated in timed ' resetting mechanisms as viewed along the line
1-1 of Figure 6 and showingthe position of the
relation .to the movement of the moving infer
posers in the following sequence; ‘In any given
30, row, and at any given instant when the inter
poser is in line with the type segment stop \for
oscillating arm relative to the interposers moved
-a “9”, the contacts cooperating with the "9”
ting bar as viewed along the line ,8-—8 of Fig
, '
Figure 8 is ‘a cross-l'sectlonal ‘view of the reset- I
_ sensing pin are energized; when the interposer
Figure? is a
atic sketch siitwing the
contact ‘elements, the impulse distributors, the
'is in line with the “8” segment stop, the contacts
35 cooperating with the “8” sensing pin are ener
gized, and so on.
interrupters, one control release, a relay adapted
to control the functioning of the release, a multi- '
Each of the moving interposers has an elec
troewmagnet, cooperating therewith, by means of -ple switch, and the electrical connections between ,
which an interposer may become disengaged all "of thesevelements. The electrical switch is
=10 from the oscillator drive, allowing the same to provided with two normal ‘positions, one for use 40
move in a plane angular with respect to its orig - with standard records and 'the other for use with
inal motion, whereupon it is engaged by a suit- able guide and caused to actuate a type-segment
denominational records:
Figure 10 is a diagrammatic sketch showing
control stop. Connections to these electro-mag
the circuits in the device when the switch is in v _
position for use with standard records;
Figure 11 isa view of a portion of a standard
45 nets also terminate in a plug board and by means
of plug wires any one of the interposer control
‘record showing a mile punched in the “'1” index
magnets’ may be connected to'the contact cooper
ating with any given sensing pin, making the use
position in one of the vertical columns thereof;
. ?,
Figur9 12 is a'dia-grammatic sketch showing.
of the device unlimited as to the number of card
the circuits in the device when the switch is in 50
50 forms with, which it may be * used, and both
standard forty-?ve column records and ninety
position for use with ninety-column or “denomi- ‘
column records may be used in a tabulating ma
national” types of, records;
chine associated with this device.
Figure 13 is a view of a portion of a combina
tional record which may be called a “ninety- '
‘ .
Each' electro-magnet, which may be termed an
55 “electrical” or a “magnetic” release, has asso
ciated therewith a relay. This relay is adapted
column" record;
5;’ -
Figure 14 is an end view of theimpulse distribu
to disable or enable the circuit containing its ' tor shaft as viewed along the line [4-H of Fig- -,
associated magnetic release, thereby causing the
ure 6;
electrical release to operate when a second im~
Figure 15 shows a‘ plan view of a modi?ed ar
60 pulse is received when using combinational hole . rangement of the vcooperating contact members 60 .
records. When using standard records, this re-_
in which each row of these members is succes
lay is disabled, and the electrical releases are sively movedv into and out of the zone of the pin
controlled, directly by the contactors actuated by actuated} moving contact members;
the sensing pins. Other actions of the relays
65 associated with the electrical releases will be
presently described.
‘Figure 16 is an end elevation of the modi?ed_
'arrlangement‘shown in Figure '15; and
The construction and operation of an embodi
ment of the new and improved translator will be
described in connection with 2. “Powers” type '
70 machine, such as that shown and described in,
the aforesaid patent, #' 1,730,513, to W. W. Lasker.
Referring to the drawings:
shown in Figure 15 with 90~ column records.>
As the operation of the card feeding device, the
sensing pins,‘and the adding and printingvelev- 7o
ments'of the Powers type oftabulating machine
are well-known to those skilled in the art the
Figure l is a front-Jto-rear vertical, sectional
view of a tabulator of the “Powers’ttype, show
75 mg one embodiment of the new and improved
, 65
Figure 17 is an elevation showing the positions
_ of the cams utilized when operating the device
operation of these elements need not be described
Therefore, the description
will be con
?ned to the. operation of those parts of the tabu- 7,5
" 2,184,284
lator as they cooperate and coact with the ele
ments of the new and improved translator.
The translator is housed in a unitary casing,
strips 36 and 31. These strips serve as guides for
the yoke 33 and cooperate with the sides 38 and
39 thereof, so that the yoke 33 may be recipro
generally designated by the numeral 2E8, and a
In devices of the kind described, where a large
plurality of movable contact members 22 are po
sitioned at the bottom of the casing 20 in line number of electrical circuits are involved, it is
with the sensing pins 2i of the tabulating ma ‘impossible for an impulse to pass into a circuit
chine. These movable contact members 22 are or circuits other than the one which it is in
tended for. The term “?owback” may be taken
assembled in a plurality of rows in a block of in
10 sulation 23, with each movable contact member
in line with a sensing pin, so that there are as
many movable contact members as there are sens
ing pins in the machine.
In the embodiment shown in the drawings eac
15 one of themovable contact members 22 consists
of a metallic rod 24 having an enlarged head 25,
and having the end opposite thehead straight
knurled, the knurled portion being indicated by
. the numeral 26. The block of insulation 23 has
20 a hole 21 drilled therein. This hole is open at
its lower end to admit the ends of the sensing
to mean “current branching and ?owing into ~10
circuits in which it is not wanted instead of only
flowing in wanted circuits.” ' This is particularly
‘ true of circuits involved in utilizing the device for
operation with 90 column records.
in using ninety columnv records, to prevent
flowback in some of the circuits, it is preferable
to have the cooperating contact members 32a and
32b moved out of contact with their movable con
tact members during a certain portion of the
operating cycle of the tabulating machine. This
is accomplished as follows: a bell-crank 40, piv
oted on the shaft 40*‘, has an arm-4| ithereof
tallic strip 28. having a clearance hole for the rod vcarrying a pin 42, which is positioned in the slot
34 of the yoke 33. The other lever 43 of the bell
24 substantially concentric with the hole 21.
[In assembling the contact element 22 the rod crank 40 has a link 44 connected thereto and this ' 25
24 is dropped into the hole in the metallic strip. link is connected to a second link 45, the opposite
28, a spring 29 is dropped in via the hole 21 and end of which is pivoted on the pivot shaft“ in
the rod of insulation 30 having a hole therein is the stationary boss Ill. A pivot pin 48 connecting
pressed upon the straight knurled portion 26 of the links M and 45 carries a roller 49 adapted
30 the rod 24. The contact element 22 operates as to be actuated by the cam 50, and a spring 5| is
.. follows: when a sensing pin 2i rises, due to the connected to the pivot 52 which connects the arm
presence of a hole in the record 36, it engages the 43'with the link 44, and to-the frame 2|] at 53,
rod of insulation 30 and presses the same upward tending to pull the lever 43 downward, and the
against the tension of the spring 29, and the rod roller 49 in contact with the cam 50. When the
24 moving therewith is adapted to- make contact cam 50 revolves with the shaft 54, the roller 49
with cooperating contact members 32, which will . is in contact therewith and the yoke 33 carrying
the contact members 32a and 32'“ remains raised
presently be described.
until the roller 49 is engaged by the lobe 55 of the
The movablecontact members are in the em
cam 50, at which time the roller49 will‘ be raised
bodiment shown arranged in forty-?ve rows cor
responding to a forty-?ve column record, and thereby and the motion imparted to the arm 43
twelve ‘of these contacts are arranged in each of the bell-crank will cause the same to move in
row. Each row of twelve contacts is connected a clockwise direction, as viewed in Figure 2, and
in common via the metallic strip 28 when used at the same time the lever 4| moving therewith
with a forty-?ve column record, but in order that will, via the pin 42, move the yoke downward so
that the movable contact members 22 may make
45 the tabulating machine may be used for both contact therewith. The leverages of the arms 45
. pins 2! and is closed on its upper end by a me
forty-?ve and ninety column records, the metallic
strip 28 is split in the center, making each row
and links and the lobe of the cam are so propor
tioned that when the yoke 33 is in its lowest po
sitlon the contact members 323 and 32b are with
in contact range of the movable contact mem
to a jack which will presently be described, so - bers 22.
consist of two groups of six movable contact
The two halves of the metallic strip
. members.
60 28, designated as 28a and 28*’, are each connected
Similarly, the other ten cooperative contact
that either group of six contactors may be se
lectively connected to other operative elements members are secured to a movable block of in
of the device. The halves 28a and 28*’ are also sulation 56, which is provided with bosses, one
‘of which is shown at 51, having slots 58 therein,
55 electrically connected to a switch by means of and in order that the block, 56 may also be recip
which when it is desired to use the machine for
forty-?ve column records the two groups of six rocated a similar bell-crank is positioned on the
movable contactors may be connected in common. shaft Mia behind the bell-crank 40, as viewed in
_ Details of the connections to the switch and to Figure 2, ‘and one arm thereof is shown at 59 car
' rying a pin 60 which operates in the slot 58 of 60
60 the jack will be presently described.
the boss 51. The arrangement of the linkage,
The cooperating contact members 32 are se
cured to suitable insulating supports. Each of the roller and the spring are similar to the ar-'
these members is adapted to cooperate ‘with all
of the movable contact members 22 in a row cor
responding with the horizontal row of index point
positions in the record card. Therefore, longitu
dinally, these members are positioned at right
angles to the metallic strips 28 above described.
The cooperating contact members 328 and 32'),
rangement described in connection with the bell
crank 40, the roller being positioned in front of
the roller 49 and adapted to be operated by the
cam 6|.
It will be noted that the cam 6| has a high
portion which is substantially longer than the"
lobe 55 on the cam‘ 50, therefore, the block 56
70 which correspond to the two “0” positions on the ' will be held down in cooperative relation to the 70
ninety column record, such as is shown in Figure ‘movable contact members v22 during a greater
13, are secured to a square yoke 33. The square portion of the operating cycle of the tabulating
machine than the yoke 33, thereby giving time
yoke 33 has a slot 34 provided therein at substan
tially the midpoint thereof, and a partition 35, in for the impulse distributors, which will presently ~
the casing 20, serves as a support for the angle , be described, to operate.
When it is desired to operate the tabulating
machine with forty-?ve column records, all ‘of
its stroke to the left, it begins moving to the
the contact members 32 and the contact mem
bers 32a and 32b may be brought into line with
each other and in cooperative relation to the
springs 11, follow the. roller 84 on its return
stroke and continue to follow the same until they.
right and the arms 88, due'to the tension of the -
engage the bumper 19, unless previously released.
movable ‘members 22, by bringing the rollers out
The arms 88 each have a stud 85 nearfthe outer
of engagement with the cams 58 and 6|.
ends thereof, the function of which will be pres
means of doing this is shown in Figure 2.
ently described. .
10 housing 62 may be screwed iii, thereby pushing
engaging the links 45 and forcing‘the same
against the tension of the spring 5| until the
“locating studs”, and the notches 8'|_ in the ‘rack
plate'88 may be termed “guideslots”. The 10
cating studs and the guide slots cooperate in the 15
following manner: When the arms 88, moved by
the‘ roller 84,rare oscillated in timed relation to
the operating cycle of the machine, and one of
the magnets 14 is energized, the armature ‘I3 is
.attracted to the core of the magnet ‘I4 and the '20
' rollers are out of engagement with the cams 50
15 and 6|. The shoulder 88 may be provided to act
as a stop, in which case the screw 63 may be
screwed in as far as it will go, whereupon the
shoulder 66 would engage the casing 62 and pre
vent the screw from being turned any further.
The method‘ of driving the cams 59 and 8| will
be presently described.
projecting portion 15 thereof becomes disengaged
from the projecting portion 16 of the slide plate
,All of the stationary contact members'32, in
cluding the members 328 and 321’, are each con
nected to a multi-contact switch so that for use
81. Due to the action of the spring 12 the slide
plate is immediately propelled upward, as viewed
in Figure 2, and the locating stud 85 engages 25
with forty—?ve column records one kind of im
pulse distributor may be used in connection
therewith, and for use with ninety column com-'
the guide slot 81 beneath‘ which it was positioned .
at the instant atwhich the magnet 14 was ener
gized. The oscillating motion of the released arm
68 is arrested due to the engagement of the lo-'
binational records a different type of impulse,
distributor may be used in connection therewith.
30 The method of connecting these members with
the impulse distributors will be presently
cating stud with the guide slot, and the spring
12 propels the released sliding plate and arm 88 -
until the stop pin 85 traverses=the full length
The new and improved translator is provided
with a plurality of slide plates 61. Each of these
35 slide plates has pivoted or hinged therein a mov
able arm 88.\ The slide plates 6'! are also pro
of the slot 81, and in so doing the outer end 88
of the arm 68 engages and pushes up one of the
type sector stops 89 of the tabulating machine. 35
The arms 68 which have not been. so released
follow the roller 84 until they are engaged and
stopped by the bumper 19. It must be borne in
mind that this description applies when the ma
vided with slots 69 and 18 by means of which
they may reciprocate upon the U-shaped frame
member ‘H.
The frame member 1| carries a
plurality’ of springs 12, each tending to force a
slide plate 61 upward.
chin? is used with standard forty-?ve .column
records. Where ninety column records are used,
Normally, the slide plates are held intheir
lowest positions by the armatures 13 of the
electro-magnets 14. Each'armature has a pro
45 jection 15 which engages a cooperating projec
tion 16, which forms“ an integral part of the '
slide plate 61.
the magnets 14, instead of being directly under
control of the records are directly under control
of relays which in turn are directly under control
of the'records. The action of this relayiand the 46
method, of controlling the magnets 14 will pres
ently be described.
To conserve space, the electro-magnets 14 are
arranged in tiers and the projections 16 of the
50 slide plates Glare so positioned that they each
The type sectors 90 are movable with the actu
ators 9| to bring the desired type 92 to printing
position, the type 92 being driven against a work
engage a projection 15 of the armature 13 of one
sheet carried by a platen and paper carriage, in- ,
of the electro-magnets 14.
Each of- these electro-magnets has associated
dicated generally at 93, by suitable hammer de
vices 94. The actuators 9| carry stop lugs 95
therewith a relay which when ninety column
'- records are used determines the portion of the
operating cycle .of the machine in ‘which the
same shall operate. When forty-?ve ‘column
records are used this relay is disabled. These
relays and their method of operation in e?ecting
, control of the moving arms‘ 68 will, presently be
notches 81 formed therein and adapted to be
engaged by the studs 85, which may be termed
the block 64 forward on the slide 65 and thereby
Between each of the moving arms 68 there is
provided a rack plate 88 having a plurality of
The shoulder screw-63 in the wall of the cam
Each one of‘ the movable arms 68 has a spring
1'5 secured thereto and secured to the casing 28
at the point indicated by the numeral 18 in any
suitable manner. These springs tend to pull the
arms 68 to. the right as viewed in Figure 2 and
hold them normally against the bumper ‘l9. _
A plurality of supports 88 and 8| are carried
by an oscillating shaft 82 and support a roller
- shaft 83 which in turn ‘carries a roller 84. This
roller is free to turn on the shaft 83 and as the,
normally held against forward movement by
stops 96 on movable shutters 91. When one of 55
the shutters 91 is operated during an operating
cycle of the machine to swing its stop 98 out of
the path of the respective stop lug 95, vthen the
respective actuator 9| is permitted to: move to
the left. The extent of this movement is deter
mined by the'type sector stop 89, .and as illus
trated in the drawings, the stop 89 corresponding
to a “'7” index point position in the card being
raised, the stop lug 95 of the actuator 9| will
' engage the type sector stop 89 and stop in such 65
_a position that the type sector 98-will stopwith '
the type92 in line with the hammer 94,. so that
when the latter operates a “'7” will be printed.
The accumulator gears 98 “are adapted to be '
thrown into for out of mesh with the 'racks 99 70
carried by the actuators 9|. This engagement
shaft 82 rocks counter-clockwise, as viewed in or disengagement always takes place either when
‘Figure 2, the roller 84 bears against the arms , the racks have completed their movement in’
68 and propels them to the left. When the shaft one direction or the other, or when they are
75 82 has moved the roller 84 the fullest length of at rest in normal position. The time of such
acting between the bearing III and a collar I22
engagement or disengagement is opposite for
secured to the push rod II1, keeps the roller H0
total-printing to what it is for item-printing.
in contact with the cam “5.
A dwell is therefore‘ made at each of these points
with the ,. racks. "As this is well-known in the
once for each card cycle of the machine. A shaft
I 0 I , which maybe termed the “maindrive shaft”
10 of the machine, also makes one revolution for
having a socket I28 formed therein. A round
shaft I29 is secured to the reset bar I24, or this
may be a solid steel ball located in a hole in
the reset bar I24, or it may be formed of two
members riveted thereto in the form of a ball. 15
each card cycle of the machine. This shaft
effects the reciprocation of the sensing pin box
‘ I02 and the. shafts I00 and IN run in syn
chronism to effect the various functions of the
machine in proper ‘time or sequence.
reset bar I24. The linkage between the crank
arm I23 and the reset bar I24 consists of a push
rod I25, having one end thereof secured to the
crank arm I23 by a pivot pin I26, and the other
end thereof is made in the form of a yoke I21, 10
f artitis not here described in detail.
Ashaft, indicated by the numeral I00, rotates
A crank arm I23 is keyed or otherwise secured
to the reset shaft H9 and serves to actuate the
toxyenksure the correct meshing of the pinions
During the reset cycle of the machine, the
In ‘normal operation, the recordlcards 3| are
cam II5, via the roller IIG, pushes the push rod
generally designated by the numeral‘ I04, and H1 and imparts motion to the shaft via the
formed between the insulating block 23 and the pivot pin I20 and the crank arm “0., The mo
tion of the shaft H9 is passed on to the reset
'20 sensing pin guide plate I05. In Figure 1, a record bar I24 via the crank arm I23, the pivot pin I26,
card 3| is shown in the throat I04. This record
is stationary while being sensed, and the pin the push rod I25 and its yoke I21, to the shaft
I29, thereby moving the reset bar downward, as
box I02 is shown in its extreme upper or raised
viewed in Figures 1, 2 and '7. The reset bar'l24
position, and it will be noted that one of the is
adapted to be reciprocated- in the rectangular
25 sensing pins 2| extends through a hole in, the slots I30 which are formed preferably on the
record, and is pressed against the insulating block ,
line in the slide plates 61.
30 of the movable contact 22, causing the same center
During the normal operating cycle of the ma
to, make contact‘with the cooperating stationary
‘ chine the reset bar I24 is normally held near the
contact 32.
upper ends of the rectangular slots I30 in the 80
‘A cam I06, secured to the shaft I00, which may
slide plates 61, but during the reset cycle the mo
be termed an “oscillating arm cam”, has coop
of the shaft I I9, due to the action of the cam
erating therewith a roller I01. This roller 'is _ tion
described, is imparted to the reset bar
supported in cooperative relation with the cam
I24, causing the same to move downward in the
I06 by a push rod I08. This push rod is suit
slot I30. During this movement the reset bar 35
85 ably supported in bearings in thestationary reaches‘the bottom of the slot I30 and carries
member I09, which also ‘serves as a distancer
down all of the slide plates 61 which have been
between the shaft I00 and the shaft 82. The ‘actuated,
whereupon the slide plate projections
roller I01‘ is normally held against the cam I06
by a spring IIO acting between the bearing _I II 16 are engaged by the projections 15 on the arma
tures 13. .JI'hese slide plates are held in their 40
40 and a\col1ar I22“, which is ?xed to the push _ lower position against the tension of the springs
rod I08.
12 until such time as any of the magnets 14
The shaft I00 is an integral part of the tabu
lating machine, and the shaft 82 is an integral actuate the armatures 13 for ‘releasing any of the
part of the new and improved translator. The slide plates .61.
The crank arm I23 has formed integral there
shaft 82 is suitably supported in the casing 20
by bearings, one of which is indicated by the with a second arm I23“, which is adapted to reset
a plurality of control relays adapted to control
fed from a magazine I03 into the card throat,
The push rod I08 is connected to a crank arm
II3 by a suitable pivot pin H4, and the crank
arm H3 is keyed or otherwise ?xed on the shaft
82. When the shaft I00 is rotated, the cam
I06, via. the roller I01, moves the push rod I08
with a reciprocating motion and this motion is
imparted to the shaft 82 via the pin H4, and
the crank arm H3, causing the shaft 82 to oscil
late in timed relation to the operation of the
tabulating machine. The roller 04, carried by
the supports 80 and BI, which are secured to
the functioning of the release magnets 14. The
resetting of these relays and the resetting of the
slide plates 61 are accomplished at the same time,
by the movement of the- arm I23, together with‘
the extension I23“. The method of resetting the
relays will be presently described.
Having described the mechanical operation of
the device (and the straight operation described 55
is more particularly adaptable to the use of forty
?ve column record cards) the method of supply
ing electrical impulses thereto in timed relation
to a portion of the working cycle of the tabulat
ing machine will now be described.
The record is stationary while being sensed and
said arms, causing them to move from left to‘
right and return during one card cycle of the when the old type of translator is used in which
machine, which is during one revolution of the the motion of a sensing pin is imparted to the
type segment setting bar by a push wire‘, the in
shafts I00 and IN.
dex point positions on the card have position 65
I00 and "has a roller IIG cooperating therewith. values only.
the shaft 82, engaging the movable arms or in
This roller is rotatably supported on a push
A crank arm H0 is keyed or otherwise se
70 cured to a sleeve shaft I I9, which may be termed’
a “reset shaft”. This sleeve shaft H9 surrounds
and is journaled upon a portion of the length
of the shaft_82.
‘The crank arm H8 is connected by a suitable
75 pivot pin I20 to the push rod H1. A spring I2I,
In the new and improved translator, although ‘
the record is stationary while being sensed, the
method of setting up and distributing electrical
impulses givesthe index point positions in the 70
cards not only position value but also time and
sequence values. This is accomplished by dis
tributing electrical impulses to the contactor de
vices cooperating with the sensing means, which
may be'termed “a secondary sensing means" or 75
I “an auxiliary sensing means”, during a de?nite
portion of the operating cycle of ,the machine.
' The shaft I00 has secured thereto an impulse
distributor I3I and a breaker I32. The impulse
distributor I3I is shown" in Figures 9, 10 and 12,
f‘downward, thereby releasing the armature I 5|
and allowing it to return to its normal position,
with the contact points I52 and I53 in contact.
The push rod I65 may be provided withv suitable
bearings I68 and I69 in the relay housing I10,
as having its circumference spread out in a
which may also form an integral part of the
straight line so that the relation of a live seg
casing 20.
ment I33 therein may be followed as it cooperates The impulse distributor I3I consists oi a rotor
with a plurality of brushes which are connected
I'II, secured to'the shaft I00, and having a
10 to di?erent parts of the device, and which will
later be described more in detaiL.
The breaker, designated generally by the nu
meral I32, consists of a cam I34, a lever I35 car
rying a bumper I36 cooperating with the cam I34
15 ‘and carrying a contact point I31, which is
adapted to make contact with a contact point
I38 carried by a stationary arm I39. The mov
ing arm I35 and the stationary armiI39 are sup
ported by suitable insulation I40, and it is some
times ‘preferable to shunt a condenser I M across
. the two arms to reduce sparking at the points
I31 and I38 to a minimum.
metallic insert or segment‘ I33, an end elevation
of which is shown in Figure 14. In the diagram
matic sketches, Figures 9, 10, and 12, this vim
pulse distributor, as well as the-impulse distribu-.
tors I46 and I41, is shown with the entire cir
cumference stretched out straight. 0f course, 15
it must be understood that the, diagrams of the '
impulse distributors are so laid out,v that the cir
cuits may more easily be traced, but in reality
the rotors are circular and preferably of'similar
diameter to the rotor I.1I, shown in Figure 142 I 20
In addition to the brush I42 c’ooperating with
the metallic segment I33, a plurality of brushes
I13 to I84, inclusive, are adapted to cooperate
As the cam I34 and the impulse distributor I3I
are onth'e same shaft, I00, they operate in def , with, the segment I33. These' brushes are ener~
inite timed relation to each other, and in the gizedby the segment 133, which is ed by the 25
position shown in Figure 10 the cam rotating brush I62 in the following order:
e brush I13
clockwise has just allowed the moving arm I35, is ?rst energized, followed by I14, I15, I16, etc.,
through the medium‘ of the bugnper I36, to move
down and allow its contact point I31 to make
contact with‘ the stationary contact point I38, at
the same time the segment I33 of the impulse
distributor has made contact with the brush I42,
and the cam I3I} allows the breaker I32 to sup
-‘ ply current to the brush I42 up to a point just
35 before the trailing end of ‘the segment I33 is
about to leave the brush I62, whereupon the cam
opens the contact points I31 and I38 so that
sparking, if any, will occur at the contact points,
instead of at the brushes.
and when the trailing end I85 of the segment I33
moves out of contact with the brush I42 (the
breaker I32 having broken the circuit immediate '30
1y previous) all of‘the' brushes I13 to I84, inclu
sive, are deenergized.
' When the device is used for forty-?ve column
records by suitable switching means, which will
presently be described, the brush I13 is connected
to the cooperating contact member 321’, corre
sponding to the horizontal "9” row on the record,
the brush I14 is connected to the cooperating
contact member 3211 corresponding to the hori
zontal “8” row on the record, etc., the brush I62 40
being connected to the cooperating contact 3id ’
corresponding to the horizontal “0” row in the
The shaft I00 also carries a cam I44, which has
a breaker I45 associated therewith and two ad
ditional impulse distributors I 45 and I41, the
functions of which will be presently described.
record, and. the brushes I83 and I84 ‘being con
Each of the magnet coils ‘I4 has associated‘ nected to the contactorsv corresponding to the
therewith a relay, designated generally by‘ the '- “X’Yand “Y” horizontal rows in the record re 45
numeral I 48.
This relay has an actuating coil
1 I49 on the core I50.
An armature I5I carriesra
contact point I52, which is adapted to cooperate
with a contact point I53, carried by the station
ary arm I54. The stationary arm I54 is insu& latedly supported on the frame member I55, and
spectively. -
. .,
I The brushes I42 and I13 to I84, inclusive, are
supported in operative ‘relation to the rotor “IV
by a suitable insulating support I66.
brushes contact the rotor "I on one face near.
the periphery thereof. The opposite face of the
normally the armature I5I is positioned with its
rotor I1I, near the periphery thereof, is 'pro-.
"contact I 52 in contact with the contact point I53.. vided with another 'set of ‘brushes, which will
The armature I5I also carries a contact point
I56, adapted to.cooperate with a contact point
I51, carried by a second stationary arm I58, which
is insulatedly supported on the other endof the
frame member I55. When current is sent through
the actuating coil I49 the core I50
presently be desbribed.
> The impulse distributor_‘I46 consists of an in
sulated rotor I81 having a metallic insert I88
and stationary brushes I89, I90, I!“ and I92, co
opurating therewith. The brushes I89_and I9I
are preferably positioned so ‘that they contact
and ‘magnetically attracts the armature I5I, the segment I88 simultaneously, and the brushes
breaking contact between the contact points I52 I90 and I92 are positioned in the same manner.
and I 53, and/establishing contact between the
contacts I56 and I51, and at the same time'the
armature lock I59°moves to the right, as viewed
85 in; Figure 10, until stopped by the pin I60, therei
by holding the armature I5I with its contact I 56
The distributor I41 consists of an insulated ro
tor I93, having a metallic insert I94 and brushes
I95 and, I96 cooperating therewith, these two ,
brushesv being so positioned that» they contact .65
the segment I94 simultaneously.
in contact with the contact‘ point I51. ,
The casing 20 is provided with a suitable in;
sulated panel I91, having a supporting panel I98
of the crank arm I23 imparts its motion via the spaced apart‘therefromv and secured to the casing
70 connecting rod I6I to the lever I62, the shaft I63, . 20 in any suitable manner. A plurality of jacks 70
and the cam I64. The motion of the cam I64 ‘I99, 200,. 20I, are supported-by ‘the panels I91 _
in the direction of the arrow, referring to Figure and ;I98',and plug wires202 may be used for
2, pushes thev pushv rod I65/ downward against. interconnecting these jacks. The connections of
the spring I66, and the projecting. pin I61 in the ‘jacks to the circuits of the device will be ,
75 turn engages and‘ pushes the ‘armature lock I69 presently- described.
During the resetting cycle, the extension I23a
The two halves 28a and 28b of the metallic strip stationary arms I54 and wt of the relay, so that
28 forming part of the auxiliary sensing means i the return wire 2% of the release magnet 16!- is
and carrying the movable contact members 22, connected via the arm [15L the contacts l'52, l5g'i,
should be connected together when the device the arm i513, and the Wire 2225, to ‘the brush I96,
is used for forty-?ve column records, and should and at the same time via the switch ZZll to the
be disconnected when the device is used for brush 88$.
The relay M8 is completely disabled and the
ninety column records. To facilitate in doing
this, the half 28a is connected via the wire 2% device operates the same as if the relay were not
and'the branch 291% to a movable arm 2% of present, and the action may be traced as fol.
lows: Vlfhen the impulse distributor liil' moves
10 switch ‘265*. _ This movable arm carries a con
tact point 2%. The other half, 2531), is connected in the direction of the arrow to the point where
its segment l3f? contacts the brush M3, the seg
via the wire 208 and the branch 2853 to a sta
tionary arm 2M] carrying a contact point 2W. ment E88, of the impulse distributor lllt has
The contact points 256 and ‘287? are positioned moved forward in the direction of the arrow, con
on the members 2535 and 2th so that they are necting the brushes H821 and wt to the negative 15
adapted to contact each other. When the arm side 222 of the line. Therefore, current can ?ow
2% is moved to the left, as viewed in Figure 10, from 222 via the wire 228 to the brush iiii, via
the contact points 2% and 2M make contact and the segment itii to the brush its, and-via the
connect 2&1 and 28b together. When the arm wire 226, the switch 22?, the wire 225, to the sta
tionary arm i555, and via the contacts E53, W2,
28 205 is moved to the right, contact between the the armature H51’! and the wire 2% to the mag~
points 2% and 2M is broken and 2881 and 28b
netic release ‘M and via the wires
and 263,
are disconnected from each other.
and the jacks H99 and 20b to the group of mov~
The wire 2i i forms an extension to the wire 2%
and is connected to a jack 2%, and likewise, the able contact members 22, but as the brush H3,
corresponding to the “9,” row in the record card, 25
25 wire 2H2 forms an. extension to the wire 2% and has not had its corresponding cooperating mem
is connected to a jack iliil so that when the am
285 is moved to the right, disconnecting 28” from ber 32 in contact with a movable member 22
28%, the operator may plug into the jack iii-iii and no current can ?ow.
The same is the case when the impulse dis~
thereby connect 2%“ to any other jacl; in the
30 plugboard, or by plugging into the jack 2M, tributors move forward and contact with the
connect 28b to any other jack in the plugboard,
ever, when the brush 275, corresponding to the
or when the arm 2% is thrown to the left, con
necting 28“ and 283’, the jacks 2% and 2M are “'7”vis reached by the segment 533, a movable
at the same time connected in common, in which contact 22 has been raised by a sensing pin and 35
is in contact with the cooperating contact mem
35 case either the jack are or the jack 2% may be
ber 32!“, corresponding to the “7” row. There~
used with the same result.
In the embodiment shown, forty-?ve of the fore, current can and does flow through the mag
netic release winding ‘M, and as the movable in
switches 2&5a are provided.
The jack tat is connected via the wire Zlt to terposer arms bit are oscillated in timed relation
to the movement of the shaft l m (and also to that db
40 one side of the actuating coil 0539 of the relay of the impulse distributors, the slide 61! is released
I48, and by means of a jumper 2%, to one end
of the winding of a release magnet ‘it. The other by the magnet ‘M, the spring 12 propels the plate
' end of‘ the winding of the actuating coil M9 is 3? upward, the stud 85 is engaged by the notch
connected by means of the wire 265 to a movable 81 immediately above, and the end 88 of the arm
tit sets the stop pin 39 so that when the slide Q‘l re 45
45 arm 2E6 of the switch 2M‘, which carries a con
tact point 2613. A stationary arm 2W carries‘ a leases the member ill the type segment will stop
contact point 22b adapted to cooperate with the with a “7” in printing position. When the ham
contact point are, and the stationary arm is in mer 961 is released, a “7” is printed on the paper
turn connected to the brush H96 which forms a carried by the platen 93.
As pointed out above, the breaker i132 closes
50 part of the impulse distributor NH. The other just after the brush M2 makes contact with the
brush, 9%, of the ‘impulse distributor Hill, and
segment 933 and opens just before the brush M2
the brushes wt and m2 of the impulse distribu
tor net, are connected in common and to the leaves the trailing end H85 of the segment l3t.
The breakers I32 and M5 are connected in se
negative side 222 of a source of current, by means
ries between the brush M2 and the positive side as
The other end of the winding of the magnet ‘Ed 223 of the source, of current, and switch 238 is
is connected by means of a Wire 2253, which may provided for shorting either of these breakers out
be termed a “return wire”, to the armature ESQ
of the control relay M8. The stationary arm ltd
of the relay M8 is connected via a wire 225 to the
of the'circuit.
The switch 234 has a movable arm 235 with
contact points therein adapted to make contact 60
with the arm 236 when thrown in one direction,
and the arm 23'! when thrown in the opposite
by means of the wire 226 to the brush wt of the direction. The arm 235 is connected to the mid
impulse distributor M6. A switchv 22? has its - point 238 between the breakers H2 and M5, the
arm 236 is connected between the breaker I45 and 65
65 movable arm 22$ carrying a contact point 229 the positive terminal 223 of the source of current
connected to the wire 225, and its stationary arm
230 is connected to the wire 2265 and the contact supply, and the arm 23'! is connected between
the breaker I32 and the brush “2, so that when
point 23d carried thereby is adapted to cooper
the movable arm 235 is thrown to the left, as
ate with the contact point 229.
.shown in Figure 10, the breaker I45 is vshort- 70
records, the relay I48 is disabled by opening the circuited, and will have no effect upon the cir
v contacts 2l8 and 220 of the switch 2H, and by cuit, leaving the breaker I32 to control the cir
closing the contact points 229 and 23? of the cuit. When the device is used for ninety column
brush tilt of the impulse distributor H66, and the
stationary arm “it of the relay M3 is connected
switch 221, thereby opening the circuit of the
75 actuating coil I49 and connecting together the
records, the breaker B2 is short-circuited by
throwing the arm 235 to the right, leaving the 75
breaker I45 controlling the circuit. This will be
hereinafter more fully explained in detail.
An example of a forty-?ve column recordris
shown in Figure 11, with the “7” index point po
sition punched in the “8” column. The sensing
pins, shown in Figures 1 and 2, would therefore
correspond to the “8” column of the record.
Referring to Figures land 2, the shaft 56 is
provided with a gear 266, and a spiral gear 2M
ii) meshes therewith. The gears 266 and 2M are
held in operative relation by a casting 2432, which
is supported on the shaft 56 and provides a bear
ing 243 for the gear 26L‘ A similar casting 266
is supported on the shaft I66, and a bearing 265
is provided therein for the spiral gear 266, and a
gear 213? is keyed to the shaft I26 and adapted
to drive the gear 266.
A shaft 228 is splined to the gears 266 and 26!!
so that when the shaft I60 rotates, the gear 26?
thereon drives the gear 256 and rotates the shaft
248. The gear 21“, rotated by the shaft 266,
drives the gear 2130, and the shaft 56, to which
it is keyed, also rotates. The gears 2136, 253i,
266 and 221 are so proportioned that when the
shaft I00 makes a complete revolution, the shaft
513 synchronously makes a complete revolution.
An example of a combinational record is shown
in Figure 13, and for the sake of illustration, a
code is punched therein in columns 1 to 10.
From this record, it will be noted that the
index point positions from “0” to “5” are punched
as single holes in “0” to “5” index point‘positions,
and the digits “6” to “9”, inclusive, are combina
tions of two holes in the record. For example, the
35 “6” is a combination of the “0” and the “1” in
dex point positions, the “7” is a combination of
the “0” and the “2” index point positions, etc.
When using the device for ninety column rec
ords, referring to Figure 2, the thumb screw 63
is unscrewed, thereby allowing the block 66 to_
move to the left and allowing the rollers 69 and
49a to come into operative relation with the cams
50 and 6| on the shaft 54, in order that the group
of cooperative contacts 32 and the contacts 32“
45 and 32b may be reciprocated, as above described,
to prevent ?owback in some of the circuits.
In using the device for ninety column records,
the connections between the cooperating con
tacts 32 and the impulse distributor lili are en
tirely different, and the relays i516, controlling
the release magnets ‘M, must be so connected that
they control the release magnets ‘Ill, and the two
edges 28”- and 28b of the connector strip 26 must
vbe isolated and the breaker I635 must be used
instead of the breaker I32, therefore, the breaker
H35 must be enabled and the breaker 532 must
be disabled.
The diagrammatic sketch, Figure 9, shows how
these changes may be effected by merely throw
60 ing a lever. This ?gure will presently be de
scribed, but in order to more clearly describe the
operation in connection with ninety column rec
orcls, the description is con?ned for the present
to Figure 12.
In order to more clearly describe the connec
249 and after leaving the same ‘contacts with the
brush 256, etc. Therefore; the segment I33 is
provided with a narrow face 262 to accomplish
The brush 269 is connected to both the con
tact member .328 and the contact member 32b
which correspond to the “0” index point positions
in columns 8 and 53 of the record card. The
brush 256 is connected to both the contact mem
bers 32f and‘321n and also to the brush 255. The 10
brush 25I is connected‘ to the contact members
32e and 32m and also to the brush 256. The brush
252 is connected to the contact members 32*‘1
and 32r and also to the brush 251. The brush
253 is connected to the contact members 32° 15
and 32k and also to the brush 256. The brush
256 is connected to the contact members 328 and
321’. The brushes 2591, 266 and 26! are not shown
connected to anything and are provided so that
impulses having time corresponding to the posi 20
tlons of the brushes may be available for other
The interrupter I65 consists of a moving arm
263 carrying a contact 264 and provided with a
bumper 265 adapted to engage the cam I44. A 25
stationary member 266 carries a contact point
26? adapted to cooperate with the contact point
266 and suitable insulation 266 is provided to
support the arms 263 and 266 in this cooper
ative relation.
The cam I465 is provided with lobes correspond
ing in number to the brushes 259 to 258 used, and
these are so arranged that when any of the
brushes M9 to 258 make contact with the face _
262 of the segment I33, no current is flowing, and 35
after contact has been established the contacts
262 and 261 are closed by the cam and again
opened thereby just before the brush reaches the
trailing edge of the face 262 of the sector so that
no sparking will occur at the brushes. The 40
sparking, if any, will occur at the contact points
2645 and 261 and a condenser 269 is provided to
reduce the sparking at the contact points 264
and 267 to a minimum.
The switch 205“ has its contact points 206 and 45
227 open so that 28a and 28b are disconnected
from each other. The plug wire 202 is shown
connecting the jack I99 to the jack 200, allow
ing the operator to utilize the movable contact
members in the group 28“, corresponding to the
upper half of the record, shown in Figure 3.
The switch 22'! is shown with its contact points
229 and 23I open, so that the relay I48 can con
'trol the operation of the magnetic release mag- '
net ‘Id.
The switch 2 It is shown with its contact points
2I6 and 226 closed, thereby connecting the re
turn wire 2I5 of the actuating coil I49 of the
control relay I68 to the brush I26 of the impulse
distributor I?'l.
The switch 236 is shown with its movable arm
235 thrown to the right, thereby short-circuiting
the (‘breaker I82 and allowing the breaker I45 to‘
control the circuit.
The operation of the device in connection with 65
tions, the cooperating contact members 32 are
a ninety column record will now be described.
designated as 32a, 32”, 32°, etc. The brush I22
is used but the brushes‘ I13 to I86, however, are
On the ninety column record, shown in Figure
13, it will be noted that in the eighth column
not used in connection with ninety column rec
both a “0” index point position and a “2” index
ords, therefore, they are not shown in the dia
gram Figure 12. Instead of the brushes not
point position are punched, and according to the 70
shown, a plurality of brushes 225 to 26I are
punched in the “8” column correspond to a “7”
card herein taken for an example the holes
shown contacting with the opposite face of the , and when this card is passed through the sensing
impulse distributor I3I.
The metallic segment »means, sensing pins 2I will pass through these
holes and push the movable contact members 22,
I33 is so formed that it contacts with the brush
‘corresponding to the “0” and the “2” positions,
the armature I5I is with its contacts I52 and I 53
into contact with the cooperating contact mem
together, currentlcould flow‘v via the wire .2I4',_
bers 32a and 32d.
and the armature l5I, via the contacts to the
stationary arm I54, and thence via the wire 225
to the brush I90 of the impulse distributor I46,
but as the metallic segment is not in contact with
The metallic segment 039, with its extension
262 forming part of the impulse distributor iti,
after the sensing pins have acted ?rst connects
the brush I42 to the brush 2E9 whereupon the
breaker H45, through the action of the cam E44,‘
has its contact points 264 and 2611 closed and
10 current will'flow from the positive terminal 223
1 of the source of current via the breaker H45 to
' the brush I42, via the‘ segment 262 to the brush
249. The contact member 328- receives current
from the brush 249and as the movable contact
15 in the group 29“, corresponding to the “0” index
point position, is in contact with 329', current will
?ow from 32‘1 to 289-, and thence via the wire 2M
to the jack 200.
Before tracing the passage of current from the
20 jack 209, it is here pointed out that the contact
the brush i90, current cannot get across to the‘ I -
brush I92 and to>the negative terminal 222.
However, due to the actuation of the relay I48
by the impulse above described, and the establish-‘ 10V
ment of the contact between contact points I56
and @551, the return wire 2I4Y is connected to the
brush “39. This circuit may be traced as follows: ‘
from the wire 2I4r to the armature I5I via the‘
contacts I56 and I 57! to the stationary arm E58, 15
and thence via the wire 226 to the brush I89 of the
impulse distributor 1146, but as the metallic seg
ment of this ,distributor has not connected the
brushes H89 and I98 together, current cannot ?ow
members 32a and 32*’, supported by the yoke
As soon as the breaker M5 opens (at the end
member 33, are in cooperative relation. to the
movable contact members 22 during the ?rst
portion of the card cycle, and the block at car
rying the other ten contact members 32 is at the
same time held out of the range of the movable
contact members 22 to prevent i‘lowback. As
soon as the machine and the impulse distributors
pass the “0” portion of the card cycle, at which
30 time they brush 299 contacts the segment 262,
of the “0” portion of the current cycle) the yoke
39 carrying the'contact members 32“ and 32b
the yoke 39, carrying the contact members 32*
and 92b, is immediately raised and at the same
time the block bit, containing the rest of the con
tact members 32, is lowered into cooperative re
lation to the movable contact members 22.
Therefore, at the time that current is supplied to
28“, via the “0” movable contact member 22, the
“2” movable contact is not’in contact with 329.
Resuming the description of the passage of
40 current through the circuit, current passes from
the jack 200 via the plug wire 2&2 to the jack I99,
and thence from the jack E99 via the wire-2I3
current flows to the winding E49 of the relay I48,
‘and from the other side of this winding via the
45 wire 2I5 and the switch jack 2” to the brush
. I96'of the impulse distributor I41, and since the
rises so that there is no contact between '32“ and
the movable contact 22, and at the same time 25
the block 56 carrying all of the other contact
members 32, moves down in cooperative relation
to the movable contact members 22, as previously
.. described.
The impulse distributors move forward and the 30
segment 262 of the impulse distributor iti next
makes contact with the brush 259 and at the -
same time the segment E94 of the impulse dis
tributor ,id'l moves forward and out of contact
‘with the brushes i195 and E96, and the segment 35
of the impulse distributor M6 moves forward, '
connecting the brushes I89 and I9I together.
As sooh as contactis established between the
brushes 250 and the segment 262, the breaker
H45 closes, but‘ since no movable contact 22 is
contacting "321, no current flows to the jack 200
via the strip 288 and the wire 2I I.
The same obtains when the impulse distributor
moves forward until its segment 262 contacts the
brush 25!, because there is no contact between 45
a' movable member 22 and a cooperating mem
ber 32!.
When the ‘impulse distributors have advanced ‘
segment I49 thereof is .at this time connecting
the brushes I96 and I95 together, current ?ows
therefrom /via the wire 22! to the negative ter
until they segin’ent 262 of the impulse distributor
minal 222 of the source of current.
' The relay I48 normally has its armature I5I
i3I contacts the brush 252, and the breaker I45 50
closes, current does ?ow due to the fact that a.
with contact 152 engaging the contact I53 on
movable contact member contacts the member‘
329, At this instant, the leading end of the seg
ment I33 of ~the distributor I3I is at the position
indicated by the dotted line 210, the leading edge 55
‘the stationary arm I54, but the current passing 7
through-the winding I49 energizes the core I50
55 and attracts the armature I5I, thereby pulling
the contacts I52 and I53 apart and establishing
contact between the contact points I56 and I51.
-As soon as the armature i5I is attracted by
the corev I50, the locking arm I59 moves over
60 against the pin I60 and holds the armature in
position with the contacts I56 and I51 engaged.
They are held in this relation until the reset
cam I64 disengages the holding arm I59 from
the armature I5I, so that the armature I5I can
.65 return to normal when the machine is'resetting
at the ?nish of a card cycle.
When the current was passing via the. wire 2I3
to the winding I49 of the relay I48, current could
also have passed via the winding of the release
70 magnet 14, if the return circuit of this winding
had not been disabled.
The winding of the release magnet "is con
nected to the wire 2I3 by a wire 2“, and the
return wire thereof is connected via a wire M4!
75 to the armature I5I. As the normal position of
of the segment I88 of the distributor I 46 has ad- -
vanced to the point indicated by the dotted line
2H, and the‘segment I94 of the impulse dis
tributor I41 has advanced to the point indicated
by the dotted line'212. The ?ow of current may‘
be traced as follows: from, the positive terminal
223 via the breaker I 45 to the brush I42, and via
the segment to the brush 252, thence to the con~~
tact member 32d and via the movable contact
member and the wire 2“ to the jack 200, and 65
via the plug wire 202 and the jack I99, and the
wires 2I3 and 2 I4 to the release magnet 14, thence '
via the wire 2I41', the armature I5I, the contact
points I56 and I51 and the arm I58, and thence
viathe wire 226 to the brush I89, and since the 70
segment ‘I80 connects the brush I89 to the brush
HI, current can thereby flow from the brush -
I89 to the brush I9I and via the wire 22I to the
negative terminal 222. Since‘ the return wire"
2I5 of the coil I49 in the relay I48 is disabled,
due to the fact that the segment I94 has discon
nected the brushes I95 and I95, the relay I48 is '
scribed above.
The, switches 213 and 219 each consist of an’
operating arm and right and left cooperating
The current ?owing through the release magnet.
14 attracts the armature 13 and releases the slide
plate 61, thereby allowing the moving arm 88 to
move upward, where its boss 85 is engaged by a
notch 81 in the rack plate 86, and the end 88
of the arm 68 engages and sets the stop pin 89,
10 as shown in Figure 2, so that the type bar ac
tuator M will stop the type bar’ with a “7” in
printing position.
It will be noted, as pointed out above, that the
moving arms 88 are moved in timed relation to
15 the shaft I08 of the tabulating machine, and
since the impulse distributors are also in timed
relation to the shaft I88, the arm 68 at the time
it was released ‘was immediately below the stop
pin 89, corresponding to the “7” position.
brush I98 of the impulse distributor in, as de
‘This is accomplished by means of a “0” and a
“2” index point positions, which in the code
selected above corresponds to a “'7”, using the
old type stop pin basket, which was originally
designed for use with standard forty-?ve column
25 records only.
At the end of the cycle, as previously described,
while the tabulating machine is resetting,'the
setting bar 124 is actuated, thereby resetting all
,of the slide plates 61 and at the same time the
30 cam I66 acting against the rod‘I-65 resets all of
the locking arms I59 of the relays. It has been
pointed out that the connections when the device
is to be used with forty-?ve column records, as
shown in the diagrammatic sketch, Figure 10,
35 are in many respects different from the connec
tions when ninety column, or combinational rec
ords are used, as shown'in Figure 12.
For convenience in rapidly effecting the proper
connections for either type of record, the circuits
40 are arranged as shown in Figure 9.
- A plurality of switches, which will presently be
described, have the movable arms thereof con
nected to an insulating strip 288, which may be
shifted to one extreme position for the use of
45 forty-?ve column records, and to the other ex
treme position for use with ninety column rec
ords. A lever 285, pivoted on a shaft 281 has an
arm 286 integral therewith and engaging the in
sulating strip 288. The arm 285 may also be pro
50 vided with an extension 29I having the face
thereof provided with insulation 292 and en
arms. ‘ The operating arm of the switch 213 is
connected to the contact‘ member 32‘1 and its left
arm is connected to the brush I84 of the impulse
distributor I 3|. The right arm of this switch
213 is connected to the brush 249 and also to the
right arm of the switch 219.‘ The operating arm 10
of the switch 219 is connected to the contact
member 32!’, and the left arm of the switch 219
is connected to the brush I18. Therefore, when.
these switches are thrown to the right for ninety
column operation, the contact member 32a is dis 15
connected from the brush I84 and the contact
member 32b is disconnected from the brush I18
and these contact members 32a and 32b are con
nected together and to thejbrush 249. This may be checked by referring to Figure 12.
The switch 214 consists of an operating arm, a
left arm, a right intermediate arm and a right
‘arm. The operating varm is connected to the
contact member 32°. The left arm is connected
to the brush I83 and in the position shown in the 25
drawings this connection is- effected. The right
intermediate arm is connected to the brush 253
and to the right intermediate arm of a switch
The right arm of the switch 214 is con
nected to the brush 258 and is also connected to 30
the right arm of the switch 280, and the operat
ing arm of the switch 280' is connected to. the
contact member 32k. The left arm of, the switch
288 is connected to the brush I11. Thus, when
the operating arms are thrown to the right, the 35
contact member 320 is disconnected from the
brush I83 and. the contact member 32k is disconi '
nected from the brush I11, and the contact mem- . -
bers 32° and 32k are connected together and to
'.the brushes 253 and 258.
The switches 215 and 28I each haye an operat
ing arm, a left arm, a right intermediate arm,
and a right arm.
The switch 215 has its operating arm con
nected to the contact member 32d. The left arm 45
of this switch is connected to the brush I82. The
right intermediate arm of the switch 215 is con
nected t9 the brush 252 and to the right inter
mediate arm of the switch 28I, and the right arm
of the switch 215 is connected to the brush 251 50
and to the right arm of the switch 28I. The op- .
gaging the switch 205“. Whenethe lever 285 is
erating arm of the switch 28I is connected to
thrown ‘downward, as shown in Figure 9, for use
the contact member 32', and the left arm of the ‘
switch 28I is connected to the brush I16.
When the operating arms of the switches 215 65
with forty-?ve ‘olumn records, the spring pin
55 289 engages a hole (not shown) and locks the
lever 285 in this position. When the'lever 285 is ' and 28I are thrown from left to right the contact
thrown upward to the ninety column position, member 32d is disconnected from the brush ‘I82,
the spring pin 289 engages the hole 298, and re
tains it in position for ninety column records.
For simplicity, and in order not to have too
many numerals appear on the drawings, the
switches will be described as viewed in Figure 9.
The long movable arm connected to the strip 288
and operated thereby will be called the "operating
arm”, and the cooperating arms of the switch
will be called the “left arm”, the “right arm”, or
the “right intermediate arm”. Where the inter
mediate arms appear, the operating arm con
70 tacts both the right intermediate arm and the
right arm, when thrown to the right. All of these
arms carry suitable contact points adapted to
cooperate with each other.
The switch 2I1 is provided for connecting or
75 disconnecting the coil I49 of the relay I48 to the
at the same time the contact member 32' is dis
connected from the brush I18, and these contact
members 32d and 32r are connected together and 60
also to the brushesv 252 and 251.
The switches 216 and 2.82 each have an operat
ing arm, a left arm, a right intermediate arm, A
and a right arm.
The operating arm of ‘the switch 216 is con 65
nected to the contact member 32°. .The, left arm
of this switch is connected to the brush I8I.> Its
right intermediate arm is connected 'to the
brush 25I and to the right intermediate arm of
the switch 282. The right arm of the switch 216 70
is connected to the brush’256 and to the right
arm of the switch 282. The operating arm of
the switch 282 is connected to the contact mem
ber 32"“, and the left arm of this switch is con
nected to the brush I15.
‘ “
- 2,184,284
In the modi?cation shown in Figs. 15 and 16
282 are thrown from left to right the contact the ‘cooperating contact members are arranged
member 32e is disconnected from the brush I8I, in independent rows (corresponding to the hori
zontal rows in the record) and each row is moved
at the same time the contact member 32m is dis
5 connected from the brush ‘I15, and at the same into and out of the zone of the movable contact
members 22 making sure that every row leaving
time these contact members 32e and 32m are con
. the zone of the movable contacts 22 is out of the
nected together and to the brushes 25I and 256.‘
range of these contacts before the succeeding row
The switches 211 and 283 each have an operat
ing arm, a left arm, a right intermediate arm and is moved into the zone of the'contacts 22. '
It has also been found advantageous to resil
10 a right arm.
iently mount each of' the cooperating contact
The operating arm of the switch 211 is con
nected to the contact member 321. The left arm members upon its support. This takes care of
of this switch is connected to the brush I88. irregularities and ensures good contact between
Its right intermediate arm is connected to the each of the cooperating contact members and its
15 brush 258 and to the right intermediate arm of movable contact 22.
Referring to Figs. 15 and 16, which show-two
the switch 283. The right arm of the switch 211
is connected to the brush 255, and to the right cams adapted to cooperate with each roller 3I3,
arm of the switch 283. The operating arm of when a forty-?ve column record is used, the cams
as will presently be described are arranged to
the switch 283 is connected to the contact mem
successively lower bars carrying the cooperating 20
ber 32“, and the left arm of this switch is con
contact members into the range of‘the movable
nected to the brush I14.
v '
When the operating arms of the switches 211 . contact members 22.
The shaft 311 carrying the cams is shiftable
and 283 are thrown from left'to'right the contact
member 32t is disconnected from the brush I88, longitudinally, so that either one of two cams
at the same timethe contact member 3221 is may be selected to actuate a roller 3 I3. The shaft 25
disconnected from the brush I14, and at the same 3I1 carries a grooved collar 315. A pivoted arm‘
311 supported on a suitable pivot 316 has one
time these contact members 32t and 3211' are con
nected together and to the brushes 258 and 255. end 318 engaging the grooved collar 315.‘ The
The switches 218 and 284 each have an oper- , other endof the arm 311 is-formed into a pointer
319 which may be. set for forty-?ve or ninety
ating arm, a left arm, and a right arm.
column records. 'When positioned for forty~?ve
The operating arm of the switch 218 is con
nected to the contact member 32¢. The left arm column records, as shown in Fig. 15, the row of
is connected to the brushsl18. The right arm of cooperating contacts 332*‘ corresponds to the
the switch 218 ‘is connected to the brush 254 horizontal “Y” ‘row in the record and in the
and to the right‘ arm of the switch 284.. The embodiment shown forty-?ve of these cooperat 35
operating army of the switch 284 is connected to ing contacts are used corresponding to the forty
,When the operating arms of switches 218 and I
?ve-vertical columns in the record; the second
the contact member v32!’, and the left arm of the
switch 284 ,to the brush I13.
row of cooperating contacts 332c corresponds to
the?horizontal ":r” rowv in the records; the third
row‘oi' cooperating contacts 332‘1 corresponds to 40
When the'operating arms of the switches 218
and 284 are. thrown from left to right the contact
member 328 is disconnected from the brush I13,
the contact memberv 32p is disconnected from the
brush I13, and these contact members are con
nected together and to-the brush 254.
the horizontal “0" row in the records; 332e cor
responds to the horizontal "1” row in the records;
the row ,of_ cooperating contacts 3'32r corresponds
to the horizontal "2". row in the records; the
‘row 332' corresponds to the horizontal “3” row
in the records; 332h corresponds to the horizontal
"4” row in-the records; 332* corresponds to the‘
g All of the above named switches ‘and the
switches 2", 221 and 234 have their operating
arms connected together by the insulating strip
288, so that the movementof said strip will oper
ate all of the switches simultaneously. When the
horizontal “5” row in the records; 332t corre
sponds to the “6” row- in the records; 332*“ cor
responds to the "7” row in the records; 332n
corresponds to the "8.” row; and 332?. corresponds
58 arm 285 vis thrown down for forty-flve‘column
- operation, the switches are all moved by the strip
288, and the connections are in e?ect substan
to the "9'.’ row in the records.
The ‘cooperating contacts 332' are. resiliently
tially those shown in Figure'lO which are suitable
' supported on the bar 38I in the following manner.
When the lever 285 is thrown upward for ninety _The_contact 332' has secured thereto a shank
column operation, the insulating stripp moves the 382 having a head formed on the upper end.
The insulation 383 has a hollow formed therein
operating arms of all of the switches and e?ec
tively'sets up substantially the connections shown and‘ contains a helical spring '384. This spring
in Figure 12, and the device is ready for ninety presses the cooperating contact member 332' .
downward and its movement downward is limited
In the embodiment of the invention described by the head formed on the shank 382.‘ When the
‘above, the cooperating contacts 32a and 32'" are cooperating contact 332‘ is positioned within the I
described as jointly/movablerelative to'all-the zone of the moving contact 22 and a hole appears
other cooperating contact members ‘and when \in the card immediately below, a sensing pin ‘2th
passes through the hole in the card and pushes
65 these contact members'32' vand 32b are moved. the
moving contact 22 upward ‘and into contact
into the, zone of the movable contact ‘members,
22 which are actuated by'the sensing pins 2I of with the member 3321, slightly raising the mem
the tabulating machine and when the cooperating ber 332a against the tension of the spring‘ 384.
contact members 321‘ and. 32b are in this relation Each of ‘the cooperating contact members is so - ‘
mountedto ensure perfect contact between the 0
70 to the movable-contacts 22 all of the other co
for forty-?ve column operation.
column operation.
operating contact members are raised out of the _ members 332 and the members 22.
zone‘ oi.’ the movable contacts». 22 so that they
cannot be contacted by the members 22 and-cause
feed-back through other circuits in the device to
give erroneous results.
'l '
The bar 38I carrying the forty-?ve cooperating
contact members 332‘ is supported by bellcranks -
m and m. The bell cranks ans and m are
supported on a pivot shaft 381. The arm,3_8&
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