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Патент USA US2134353

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Oct. 25, 1938.
Filed Dec. 24, 1934
‘my KQA
Patented Oct. 25, 1938
Henry .lames Barker, ;Upper Holloway; London,
England, assignor of one-half ,to Evans. 00n
cinnum Limited, London, England . _~ ~
‘ Application December 24, 1934, Serial No. 758,900
In Great Britain January 3, 1934'
' ‘
1 Claim. _ (01. 131-5) _,
5 ,
This invention, relates to that type of ciga
rette-making machine having a frame compris
ing a base and two end walls integral therewith
rection, lifts the roller out of its operative posie‘
tion (in which it is adjacent to the other'roller)
and carrying a ?xed roller (i. 'e., a roller turnable
preventing the roller moving, beyond a- ?xed dis
in ?xed bearings) and a roller displaceable rela
tance from a ?xed position on the frame. ' '
tively to said frame, the two rollers being em
> The movable roller may be anchored to the
frame of ' the machine at each of its ends by
and" swings it into the inoperative position, whilst
braced by an endless apron which, when the roll
ers are spaced apart, can be sagged to form a
trough between the end walls wherein the to
bacco is introduced preparatory to the making
of the cigarette. The above expression “a frame
comprising a base and two end walls integral
therewith” is to be understood as including any
frame or casing in which the end walls are held
means of a member turnably or pivotally con-‘g
nected to the end wall of the frame; For-ex
ample, each end of the roller spindle (or- each 10
trunnion, if there is a separate trunnion at each
end) may be turnably mounted in a link or lever
which is pivotally connected'to the frame at one
15 against relative movement, as, for example, by a
The frame may be shaped so as to provide a 15
one-piece or multi-part base or by bars or rods
support for the spindle of the movable roller,
when in the non-working position, and when the
roller is in its working position the spindle will
also be supported by the frame. If so desired,
when the roller is in its working position its 20
incapable of relative movement.
Cigarette-making machines are known in
which the two rollers, around which an endless
20 apron is passed, are made relatively movable by
being rotatably mounted each in a half or part
of a hinged or pivoted frame, each half or part
spindle may be supported in notches or recesses
comprising interconnected end walls, the lower
edges of the halves or parts being pivoted to
25 gether in the form of a book and thus capable of
relative movement.
Such machines, however,
are not particularly easy to manipulate and the
making of cigarettes by their aid is a relatively
di?icult operation, and if not provided with end
plates such machines have the further disadvan
tage that the tobacco is liable to escape from the
open ends of the apron when being arranged
thereon preparatory to the cigarette making op
eration. Moreover, when pressure is applied to
35 one of the rollers to cause the same to rotate and
A constructional form of the present invention
is shown, by way of example only, on the accom 25
panying drawing, whereoné
Fig. l is a perspective view of the machine;
Fig. 2 is a sectional view of the machine with
the displaceable roller swung into its ‘inopera
tive position;
Fig. 3 is a view corresponding to Fig. 2 but with
the displaceable roller swung into its operative
Fig. 4 shows the method of introducing a cig
arette-paper into the machine;
the apron to be moved to roll the cigarette, the
tendency is to move the two rollers apart and
this is particularly the case if there is too much
tobacco in the apron or if the cigarette is rolled
Fig. 5 is a view corresponding to Figs. 3 and 4
after the cigarette has been rolled.’
Referring to the drawing:
too quickly.
or casing having a base I formed integrally with 40
The object of this invention is to provide an
The machine comprises theusual pressed frame
two end walls 2 and 3. The ends of the spindle
improved cigarette making machine which shall
or trunnions 4 of the roller 5 are turnably ar
be more e?'icient and easier to manipulate than
ranged in ?xed bearings formed by holes provided
in the said end walls. Each of the ends of the
spindle or trunnions 6 of the other roller 1, how 45
any of the known cigarette making machines.
The invention is equally applicable to ma
chines for making plugs of tobacco for use in
tobacco pipes and consequently such- machines
and cigarette making machines will be referred
to hereinafter simply as “cigarette making ma
50 chines”.
According to the present invention, a ciga
rette-making machine has the characteristic fea
ture that at least one of the rollers is turnably
carried, and is anchored to the frame of the ma
55 chine, by means which, when turned in one di
cut in the frame and forming bearings for the
ever, is turnably arranged in a hole formed in
a short link or lever B, which is pivotally mounted
at the exterior of the adjacent end wall 2 .or 3,
as the case may be, upon a pivot pin 9 passing
through the link near to the opposite end of the
link. Thus, there are two such links anchoring
the movable roller to the frame and the two
links are integral with a bar H) which intercon
nects the links and which in the innermost, or
operative, position of the movable roller is adja 55
cent to the uppermost surface of the ?xed roller,
as shown in Fig. 1 and Figs. 3 to 5. The end
walls of the frame are provided with recesses II
in which the ends of the spindle or trunnions 5
of the movable roller are adapted to seat when
the roller is in the innermost or operative posi
tion, thus limiting the inward swinging movement
of the links 8 and the integral bar 9. . In order‘ to
limit the outward movement of the links and
10 bar, the ends of the spindle or trunnions are
adapted to contact with the outer edges of the
end walls 2 and 3 of the frame, asshown in Fig.2.
In making a cigarette, the machine'is held with
the bar I0 furthest away from the user, who then
15 swings the bar and the links 8, and therefore the
roller 1, towards him.
The tobacco is " then ~
roller 1 is again turned in the same direction
until little more than the gummed edge protrudes
above the bar‘ Ill. The protruding portion of the
paper is turned backward upon the bar [0 which
acts as a support whilst the said edge is being
moistened. Thereafter, the roller ‘I is again
turned in thesame direction until it is entirely
rolled ~around theitobacco. as shown in Fig. 5.
The roller‘ 7 is again swung into its~ outermost
position, see Fig. 2, when the completed cigarette 10
can be lifted from the apron.
Having now particularly described and ascer
tained the nature of the said invention and the
manner in which it is to be performed, I declare
that what I claim'is:
A - cigarette-making machine, comprising a
spread in the bight of the apron between the end Nframve. having end walls, a stationary roller
walls 2 and 3 as shown in Fig. 2. The roller ‘I vmounted in said frame, a displaceable roller
is then swung inwards again towards the ?xed which is situated adjacent the ?rst-mentioned
20 roller 5 until the ends of the spindle or trunnion's
roller in ‘its operative position, a pair of trun 20
6 are engaged in the recesses H and the under nions carrying the second-mentioned roller, and
surface of the bar I0 rests upon that'part- of the means connected with said trunnions and said
apron which passes over the. roller .5. The roller frame for supporting the second-mentioned roll~.
1 is then-given a turn or two in the direction in
er on said end walls, said means being swingable
dicated by the arrow shown in Fig. 3. The paper about an axis which is in a plane passing through
I3 is passed into the machine, between the rollers the axes of the two rollers‘ when the second-men 25
5 and ‘l with thegummed edgeuppermost and tioned rollerris in its operative position.
towards the user, the paper being guided by the
front ‘edge of the bar H) as shown in Fig. 4.‘, The
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