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Патент USA US2134464

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- Oct; 25, 1938.
G, A, |_YQN
Filed March 7; 1936
¿En '
5 Sheets-Sheet l
Filed March ‘7, 1936
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
Oct. 25, 1938.
Filed March '7, 1936
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
[/E :DF
y were
` ` Patented Oct. 25, 1938
PAT ENT> ottica-5i’ ~
George‘Albertf Lyon~,fvDetroit, Michi, assignerl to
lyon.I Incorporated; . DetroìtçfMich., af. coiîporaä
tion; of« Delaware ‘l
` Application March 7i 1936,Y Serial No. 67,655__
3: claims.
(01; . 22o-'295;
inventionîhas't‘o‘do‘with tire covers and"
‘ìsyconcerned'j‘ moreA particularly4 with an im‘
` prove'd‘tire' cover"constructionl and animproved
u"_metl'lod‘of‘ making the same.
tions `ofthe members'in’ a position bridging the
lapped margins; preferably iat" a. point'A substan
tia‘ily‘ spaced.ì fromihe" ends` of " the" sterili-circles,Y
impartingY to the complete" structurejthe' shape
andi operation', Which4` justiñesìthe descriptive 5"@-1
It" is arr objectîofïthe‘invention to'providefan
term “c'l‘am‘sh’e‘l1”.'I V"Sl'iould' the're'quirements call’
for :a clam shellvtype of coverj of aa‘peripheral
tire mountedî` in" an automobile fender Well or'> extent“ in‘íexc'essj/of‘ 1230";` it" isnecessary to form
other' automobile;` spare‘ìtire receptacle;
tl'i'e'` dished‘ member“ with one" aXis longer than
improved” tire ‘ cover" construction for a spare
_p p
It isf-an object?of‘tlieinvention to" provide a
the‘other andv tof 'cut‘ the> member'` along theA 1W'
1(`f"clanr_ shell’ typerof i cover which` may' be' shoved shorter" _axis-Í `Ol'g‘if’itis desired to` constructl a
down-` over‘tlie part* of vafzspare tire >exposed‘ above- cover in `accor!liano-e` with tlie‘present invention
agw‘ell‘ andî thereafter? clampedL into* proper' tire `
protecting position.“
so' that`-` tïi'e""co'ver' i's>` less" than '180W' in' 'extenti-
thev periphery of„.the member may have the'ap'-“
It `is a' further 'object of* the invention to v pearan'ce‘ of"`two‘. arcsïprefferably of equalextent 15"’
läf‘provide an unitary,` vmultiàpart“ tire cover con- n andi'eaclfijless than 180°" in extent'. `In’the for#
struction‘of `> the“ clam' Shelli type adapted t'o ' co1 mation of a" cover ‘ in"l the `latter ' case, , the> mem*
operate‘Witl’ì’tlie-ifender «Wellîat the month there# ` ber‘vvould be"severed„along"the line joining the
ofïinîsubstantially‘ enclosing' the ' exposed4` part'
` ’p
Vj' .
meeting" endsï‘o'f“ siichiarcs 'to' provide identical ‘
sli'ellzp'ortionsîasäexplaine‘d above.
A* ' Y
" `
It is' also~an~fobject ofthe` invention't'o’pro
Furtli’erî'iníaccordance with“ _the invention; a
vide' a' coverfor“ cooperation with' a- fend`er`vve1l` fender" or'î‘oth‘er ,suitable part’of‘ tlie vehicle may,
ior‘a‘sparetire, the construction beingîsuch'that@
be" providedL with a" Well for receiving' the spare,->
theî'cover mayV-bejof"anext‘entinot substantially , tire' _and preferably' proj e'cting4 upward from the 'Í
eX'ceedingilBDm and" yetj‘ being“ provided with
251 means-for firmly"holding‘thesame connected:
well‘is`“supporting‘means' fora beading of rub~ ‘251
b'er‘or" th'e'lik‘e: ' lFa'cli of the 4‘clam ‘ shell :members ’
with .theJ fendersto shield the- otherwise exposedî is provided with anti-rattling"’beading‘adapted
part"of’'the@spare~` WlieeIîan'djtire.' i
to‘eng‘age-‘tlie' fender' adj‘aCent'the Well@ Each of _
Another“ objecti of: the ‘inventionL involves the" the"fnfiemiíers;'moreovergV is-'form‘ed to be clamped
provision' of' a;> clam" shell ‘ type of’ cover" embody; over' triefbeading‘sùpported by’thewellïso asîto 30.1
` `wiping"‘resilient meansçfonjurging" thepartsïtovvard
each other“ and* thus ‘into ‘ proper cooperative `re'
"Anotherjobjectfpofithe invention involves the
provision" _offa‘ multiipart' tire; covericonstruction
älgowherein" the '- parts" are "iiexibly ’hinged‘ together:
also“an'objectî‘offtheinvention' to proà
vide""a tire" cover 'ofî thejclass'4 described'in“ ,clo-A
operationf with“ a" fender" Well, With means' 'for
interlock' the cover >with the Well and' firmlyv
suppo?titl'le coverìn?pla'ce.V When it is desired
tmremove theïjvc'over; th'eïmember’sfmay beun
clamped'and' swiing‘avvay from eachother suf#
ficientlyft'o enablethe free‘e'd‘ges thereof to be
releasedE fronri trie-beading supportedî by the'>
welll, andîthenfthewover’mayfberliited'oñîz‘ `
"Suitable i adjustingv `means arranged ‘ preferably
atatb‘e endipo'rtions'of the tread >covering partVV
pr‘eventir’ig‘ rattling' between the' parts'.`
of thef-cover'arezemployed‘toladjust> the shells 403i
Another object of the invention involvesan toward and away from each other and provide
improved” meth‘od‘l of" making“ a tire ` coverîhood‘l thefmeansf for- clamping the- cover in interlocked
for“ substantiallykenclosing the part;of a spare"` relationlto the-means projecting’from the Well.;
tire` andrwheel norr’na'llyy projectingV clear” offfa~
Well,- such"asL‘a’fender-Well.' ‘
» ¿5I-„1' lIn"accordanceWithfthe‘generalTeatures'of the- '
invention; a piecei‘off,sl'ieet‘ï‘material‘sucl'i as ‘sheet’
‘ metalfis blanked or’stamped' -fout‘ into -the shape
' This >clai'nping-> means-»mayr beheld in` position
by a Vsuitable.key-ope’zrated or otherpsecret lock- 45T:
4Provisionis made in the tire cover construe#
tion. to hold/the' spare tire against rattling and`
of* a >shallow disli."` This'piece isftlienfcut‘sub-r to accommodate tires“ of different Widths> and
diameters; '
50h15» identical halvesl of genemlliûsend-circularY `Tlä'evmetliod embodying the invention is quite
stantiallì? `diai'n‘etrically ‘ to‘form ‘ ttvo'substantialèv
sh’aq?lefV Tlïese _halves are'~placed in" juxtaposition
to'l'eacl’if- otherl vvitli the-"substantially- semi-circu
simple,~ sinceivvith"- av series of> simple operations
Whiè-ii= may» be performed quickly-fand at> low
lar" edges' l lapped ` somewhat an‘d‘I with the - inner
cost; a;l cover`-`| of the clan-1 shell‘ïtype may be
constructed'.E Moreover, the coverE is extremely v55;`
sid‘e‘ìwallslzfacingfeach other?
springwor other'
55k " snitable#flexiblerstrapl is'rsecured ìto vth’ehriin gpor-A
simple,.involving a minimum of parts and being
capable of being applied and removed expedi
tiously and, when applied, is held rigidly in place
against rattling.
Other objects and advantages of the invention
will appear as the description proceeds.
'I‘his invention in a preferred form is illus
trated in the drawings and hereinafter more
fully described.
The invention involves the provision of a re
movable cover for the spare tire carried in the
well. While the cover may assume various
forms, it is deemed sufficient for the present
purpose to illustrate and describe one form. In
this form, there is provided a pair of members
On the drawings:
each of which is shaped to extend transversely
Figure 1 is a fragmentary elevational view
across substantially half the tread of the tire 10
showing a cover constructed in accordance with
the invention applied'in spare tire covering co
operation with a fender well in a front right
15 fender of an automobile.
Figure 2 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional
view taken substantially in the plane designated
by the line II-II in Figure 1.
Figure 3 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional
20 view of the cooperating beading structure shown
in reduced size in Figure 2.
Figure 4 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional
view of the flexible hinge structure appearing at
the upper part of Figure 2.
Figure 5 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional
View taken substantially as indicated by the line
V-V in Figure 1.
Figure 6 is an enlarged view, partly in section
and partly in plan, taken as indicated by the
304 broken
line VI-VI in Figure 1.
_ -
Figure 7 is a front end elevation, somewhat
enlarged, of the cover structure shown in Fig
ure l, but with the cover shell members adjusted
35, Figure 8 is a fragmentary plan view of the
fender and Well construction for cooperation
with the cover embodying the invention.
Figure 9 is an outer side elevation of a dished
plate formed at one stage of the process of mak
40. ing a clam shell cover embodying the invention.
Figure 10 is a vertical sectional View taken sub
stantially as designated by the line X-X in
Figure 9, and showing in double dotted lines the
relative position in which the lower half, after
45 being severed as shown by the single dotted line,
is placed at a later stage in the formation of the
clam shell cover structure.
Referring now more particularly to the draw
ings, the automobile designated generally at I
50 has its front fender 2 provided with a spare tire
well 3 for receiving a spare tire 4. The well 3
may be integral with the fender 2 or may be
Welded or otherwise suitably secured as at 5.
'I'he depth of the well 3 may be such as to receive
55 _half or more or less than half of the spare tire,
and preferably of suñîcient width to leave clear
ance between the well and the side wallsof the
tire, and also between the well and a hub cap 6
applied to the spare tire carrying wheel 1, by
means of hub cap supporting springs 8 or the
jecting upwardly from the well, as will appear
hereinafter. '
In accordance with the invention, the well 3
is equipped with strips 9 extending upwardly
65 from the mouth of the well and preferably se
cured to the well as by spot welding, riveting, or
by any other suitable means. Each of the strips
9 has its outer margin I0 flanged outwardly and
clinched to a rubber or the like cushioning bead
70 strip Illa, terminating somewhat above the fender
2 as clearly seen in Figures 2 and 3. The purpose
and each of which has a side portion shaped to
cover the portion of the side of the wheel and
tire projecting out of a well such as a fender
well. These members are substantially identical
with each other, one serving for covering the
outer Vside portions of the wheel and tire and the
other cover member serving for disposition be
tween the vehicle body, such as the engine hood.
and the adjacent rear or inner side portions of
the spare wheel and tire. In the illustrated em 20
bodiment of the invention, the two cover mem
bers are arranged in overlapped relation at the
edges of the tread covering portions thereof.
For the purposes herein, the cover member with
its edge on the outside of the edge of the' other
cover member will be termed the "outer cover
member,” and the other cover member will be
termed the “inner cover member.” The outer
cover member II is substantially identical with
theinner cover member vI Ia, differing therefrom 30,
substantially only in the provision of a radially
outwardly offset margin I2, the extent of radial
offsetting being determined by the thickness of
the material so that the cooperating edge I3 of
the inner cover member IIa, when fitted within
the offset flange I2, will be in substantial con 35,
tinuation with the normal portion of the other
cover` member II. When the edge I3 of the inner
cover member Ila is disposed throughout Within>
the offset portion- I2 of the outer member II,
the cover structure is preferably substantially 40
symmetrical with respect to the median plane
of a tire when disposed thereover.
While any suitable means may be employed for
holding the cover members II and IIa in as
sembled relation, it is preferred that they be 45
permanently connected substantially midway of
the ends of their peripheries by a hinge struc
ture to enable the parts II and IIa to be asso
ciated in a ’manner similar to clam shells. In
accordance with the present invention, this re 50
sult is preferably obtained by the employment of
a spring or other flexible strap I4 extending
transversely within and across the median plane
of the cover structure as shown in Figures 2
andV 4.
This strap is united permanently to
both cover members I I and IIa as by spot Weld
ing I5, riveting, or any other suitable means, the
portion of the strap I4 between its connected
ends being unconnected with respect to the cover
parts II and IIa. Except for the strap I4, the 60
parts II and IIa are unconnected, so that the
strap I4 may afford a spring hinge connection
between the cover parts, acting in such a way as
normally to either separate or >draw the cover
parts toward each other to position the entire 65
edge I3 within the marginal flange I2, but yield
able to permit hinging of the parts II and IIa
relative to each other about an axis substantially
tangent to the lapped margins of the cover parts
for this beading construction is to provide anti
at the strap I4, such axis being substantially
rattling retaining or anchoring means for a
parallel to the median plane of the cover. In
order that the hinging movement of the members
cover embodying the invention and adapted to
75 i protect the part of the spare wheel and tire pro
II and IIa may be effected without interference,
a slight amount of clearance at I2a is pro
alsozresults Lin ia‘iwed'ging; .of ' the‘edge. portion,K I 91‘2
‘ vided: between" theemarginarlzflangee I2;A and4 thee
between‘itlre beading.
Illa: and‘lthe `fender.- 2ï; both ‘l
portion. ofztheicover members. I l wiñttingqfthereirr: , oiieach'loover
` This;.elearaneemeed'lonlyzhe»4 slight; however, since
inEaecordanee‘:` with :tlietinventiom as iv'wi'llaappearï
Y 5E; hereinafter only a slight amount of separationi
of: theey fresaendsf‘ofxtheï‘memberss I l i and a I . I anw-ill
beading elements being-fthusäplacedvunderfpresa
surefan'dithus preventing any‘rattlingvvhatever;
tureg‘fiit is;necessarytovapply` a:wrench tothe
While: 4the `Width oil coverr strueture, `„vrl'lent there
Wrench »hold ' surface _
parts I‘I .ïandll Iaiare together;(isfsubstantiallyitlieo 21ì thereby permitting the;separative‘4 movement « mi y
101 sametaslthatîofzthe Well 3;’ itis toëbeeappreoiated‘i o'Eï'the-free marginal Aportions‘for" l the' coverA mem»
` thattheí;` widthzofithev coverz'structuresmay bei
variedîas zdesired'.: The;Widthxshouldebeesuchiass
bersfll I =`andfl .'I ab' which ‘vare-enabled 'to‘have separative swinging»l movementï by virtue’ of' the Ifl‘ex- l
iblef'conn'ectionat |115.i The connection atv I4- hasß
been‘» deseribedlaslïpreîerably resilientí althoughÁ
oorm'nodat‘e,` such cap Vlìîzasr
lsizei mayî'lreícarriedrbyaïthefà
Wheeliand a'lsmto
wheel... .The depth'l offïtlre .cover structures also.:
shouldA befl such' as '.to‘.- acoommodateotires sois' difeferent-'diameters.=.
itlis-‘toibefappreciated thatïit’ne'ed'not be resilient
and'îmay fbe «made-*ofîaiùy Gsuitably ‘durable’ ñeXiblef
material 4vvhieh »will hold =tl1`e--parts :together ‘andi
» yet‘ `-vvill ¿yield `Whenever »‘ swinging; movement "sim- -
Thezfreermargina'l Vportion» I 6'. of^eachiof2theacova- il'ar1 to the' clamshell effect! is desired. When' theA 20:5
erA parts; I I and:` I lau'issbulgedëoutwardlysatî Iflïtos
_haveebeen L backed ofi" to lthe~desired ex-m
provide i an-` .ornamental .' and reinforcing; beaidnandu bolts'=22'-=
atfth‘e forward andrear `end'portions-‘of the
also ‘to' provide an elongated'ìrecessfl 8; forfreceiv-Lv tent,
cover; the‘braoketsiìäimay beheld Arb'y- the hands>
ingthe bead. structure I 0 îan'd'il ßa'îassoclatedlfw-ithi in' engagement W-itli‘sthe bfoltvshoulders~23 fso‘as to
the Well 3.11 The margin»Ißëterminatesßinzan enti-‘h hol'd?tlie- free'iedges‘- lßfßoiffthelA cover ‘members II - 26.5
wardly curved .edged Sli-1 tot- Whichûis 1 clinohedi. am
anti .-rattlin g ‘rubberzor lother fcu‘shionibea'd' 2 ûlfprol
jecting dovvnvvardly.> therefrom andi adapted: to:x
andvl I là i apartfto`
»sul’licient-A extentr to xclearÍ the'
laterally extending portions = of I' thev>-r beading I0a=
o‘ffthef‘ well, so' 'thatc the ‘cover
engage` thev upper- surfaceA of? the!n fendeny 2i' andi structure“ mayy b'e-*lifted `past the beading ‘ Illa 'and<
thereby* prevent metalfîto :metalicontacti between'ß. upvofî the-tire: When‘ replacing*theicoverstrucà
`-thef`lcover memb'ers‘lI ‘I landt? I la“ andî‘the iendrerr’Z'J. ture, tl'iejbraokets‘ 25‘ lneed 'not«beheld'inengage- ~
Theibeadrl llalcarried iby 4the-.tender struetureffproee nient 'with the-bolt shoulders 23 vsince; asthe‘cover`
jects ~, laterally normally- tofA such: an extentlthatl structure l’is-“shoved down into’ place; the> ‘beading “
`When it is in contact with the inner walliof'l‘tliea >ma will cam‘the edges“- l9'~of the~cover members
apartiïandi allow»- thef beading 20 -to -come to > rest 353
uponätheefender 2'», preparatory‘to the-clamping`
Theß'closing of thelfòov‘er fstructureeisëeffeotediby-' of i the fboltsi 22 ands the resultant' Wedgingl of 'the'
any<.'suitable'meansg=- such iasflthef fclamping means#
g ' 2D“ between" the
designated "Jgeiiera‘llyl at112îli ’ While therëclampingï’ un’der’portions‘loifthe beading=`lîiœ and the top'of"
meansismayf-"takee' anyisuitablef ferm-f; the ‘niean'sfil- » _th’eienderA 2. ~ Iii tlfierloweringy and îraisingfof ‘the
lnstratedicornpri‘sesfia: bolt‘12‘2 ihraving» allsubstan'- '
tiallyfsplierical 'shoulderëîß'lswivel‘ly enga‘gedi'ivvith~`> cover; the `Shanks of ‘the bolts 2‘2 I'may- serve con‘
corresponding’zbearinglsuriacef«2Min“a bracket. 2‘5
veniently Aaswhandles;
bracket i. 25'1 may; b'e’: riveted;r ‘weldedibn otherwise f
across'the'mouth ofïthe' Well al1-'the front andYA 45%
It will be observed that> the strips'>` @and assos
carriedai by> their outerf covert memlzv‘er:7V I'Ii. ' The: ciated'fh‘e'ading Illa-‘do not extend transversely
suitably;l seouredîk to? the-»,ooverr mem 4'era' I ‘IlA The
45.! sh’ankï oi'îî theV bolt' 22‘» jiswthreaded‘ andi extends
' til-:roughiaxnut` 2û=fswivelled
rear ends thereof; >Rather; thebeadinggî iß‘afI ex;
tendsv substantially-- onlyk along the longitudinal
:a bracket’uZT carried-ì" sides of A‘thef‘Wel-l; so `that the free marginal :edges '
byf?the inneriy cove-'remembered la;7 in)juxtap’osition'1` ofthe cover-'membersH'fand“ IN1/may be sepa=
to ‘.tlie‘ bracketiì'ä‘il .i Thefb?raoket »Zîlïmaysb'e riveted; 1"
Welded;` or ‘otherwise snitablyasecured'itolthe cover:v
.rated suiiiciently to allow the same to passd‘ovvnA
50i member? I 'I ¿rij 1 Thef swivelinutniZßli mayßbe'foil' any?r and'iup'b'y the beading Iûd.
Witli‘a' View toholdingthe'tire in"ñrm"engage~
suitable? construction?. and i may; conveniently-take# ment with the Well and against rattling, the"cove1'^‘
the form: of a cylinder tapped diametrifeally'f@toA structurercomprising~-- the parts il“ and"î I'Ia‘ is
receiveftheithreaded vsiriani; fof_it `e':b‘oltí‘-2î2 îan‘d‘fr'e- _ provided ¿with `a -‘ plurality of ‘ anti-rattling springs ’ 5522
1_. ceived >inaa'ioylirldrical.‘opening nßthe brazole'etîiZîl‘j 5G“ preivèrabiy“ extending. transversely so as to'
en ci the.:latterl'líeingïslòttedî atiZßJt‘onL permïitf-passage Y
engage- the-“treadioi the tire-¿li at-'transversely
therethrouglroiftheîshank‘of the boltiîî'land 'als'o‘ï spa-ced’
points. The springs ll“ are preferably'
tor permit.: such sha-nlm toi` move relative»t toy’tl'iei Weldedja'sat 3l "to `the inner'cover'memberA Ila:
brackettîl? through anianglel determined byi‘tlfie*V although rivetingîor'
other“ suitable connecting
angler iofasep‘aration `oi lthe ë‘fpartsfv II = andi I I a:
The :cla-mein@mearis> isrsliown irr‘Figure'Gï'to be»>
in suelta;Á condition lasfäto “hold vthe cover-'structurel
closed;v .When zthei‘c‘over structureîis @in this-“con-`v
dition. andnis` mounted" irifproper 'cooperative “reflèteA
tion‘to thefspare tire-'andi Wheel; theed'gess I Sîiolîl"
the` cover ' structure aref: dis-posed7 between’: the
beading >I 0a and the "fènderìZïS asßshown'i?i Figures
2-ï'and‘~3`, and‘lthe beadingfilûw isfcomp’ressedlto
Wardftlie'm'edi'an‘ plane ofïjtlie Well?
'convpression’` tends-1 to preventI rattling of‘tlie'fY cover"
structure relative to `the Well, but it is to heap"-n
_springs SU'are
with‘respect’ to 'the intermediate' connected‘por‘
tionsl thereofi' While" any suitable circumferen
tial vseries of fsprings *may ’be-employed, two’ such
springs’ arranged i substantially equidistant‘ from ‘
the-‘ends oî'tlie` said‘coveringlportions,.are con
sîdered satisfactory," asshovvn;
exert pressure'up'orr the=tread of a" tire' of' the'
smallest diameter Wliieh may’ be employed in
service on'l theÍ` automobile;- tiie springs»r being
preoi‘ated i thatß inïno'reventícloes ‘thebea’dingl I 0a -` yield‘able» in -agenerallyfradial «direction- - to 'yielde
become 'soracompressed‘î as to l allow` ‘engageme-nti
between lth'eï'cover 'and the' strap SÍ-projèeting» fromTL
751ithe ‘wellies Tightening-'frofïthe clampingifmeans
ably'engage tlie-»treadsolîitires-of greater diame
When- the cover?V structureÀ is1v clampedV in'
cooperative relation `to the fender, the springs 30
exert pressure upon the tread of the enclosed
tire, thereby substantially preventing rattling of
the latter. It'will be observed that the bottom
of the well is preferably transversely curved so
as to engage the edges of the tread by a substan
tially wedge action to prevent relative lateral
movement of the tire in the well. The springs
ttl in the cover structure will have a similar ef
10; feet, both as to movement of the tire transversely
and in its own plane. When the cover structure
is lowered over the tire, should the springs space
the cover to such an extent as normally to pre
vent movement of the free edges I9 of the cover
155 members under the beading Iûa, the cover struc
ture may be pressed downwardly, causing the
springs 3 to yield suiîiciently to allow said free
edges I 9 to enter under the beading Iûw upon
the tightening of the clamping bolts 22.
20.; convenience, one of the bolts may be tightened
ñrst and then the other bolt may be tightened.
The springs 30 thus serve not only to allow the
cover structure to accommodate tires of differ
ent diameters without rattling but also assist in
25 .: the proper cooperative relation between the lower
marginal portions of the cover and the beading
Illa. Thus, when it is desired to remove the
cover structure and, to this end, the bolts 22 are
Abacked oif sufñciently to allow the free edges I9
30 :to move upwardly
past the beading Iûa, such
movement may be elîected automatically by the
springs 3U' in their tendency to assume .their
normal shape. Thereafter the cover need merely
.i ay be formed with-the offset outer marginal
ñange I2, for purposes of appearance it is pre
ferred that the outer cover member be so formed.
The flange I2 thus does not appear from the
40..`outerside to be a raw‘or sharp edge. The ñange
l2, in addition to the function set forth herein
before, also functions as an ornamental and
If desired, the flange portion I2 could be
clinched about-a cushion bead adapted for dis
position between the cover members II and IIa
to provide a weather-proof seal therebetween.
Such a seal would preferably extend the full
length of the overlapped-portions of the cover
The beading at IUa and'20 provides a double
weather-proofing seal
expeditiously and inexpensively substantially as
as well as anti-rattling
It may be desired to equip the cover structure
with a releasable theftproof locking means to
prevent unauthorized removal of the cover struc
ture. Such locking means may be of any con
ventional or other suitable construction, and may
be provided in connection with any appropriate
part of the cover structure or clamping mecha
nism. For example, the locking mechanism
could be employed in conjunction with the swivel
nut 26 and the shank of the bolt 22 in such a
manner that the shank is prevented as by a latch
A piece A of sheet material such as sheet metal
is stamped out into a shallow pan shape with
two spaced parallel adjacent ribs I'I projecting
outwardly »and preferably symmetrically ar
ranged in respect to an axis of symmetry B of
the piece. Such axis in the case of a substan
tially circular dished member would be a diame
ter. The dished member is then severed along
such axis of symmetry, forming two substantially
identical substantially semi-circular shell parts 15
C and D, each having adjacent and in substan
tial parallelism to the severed edge a coextensive
rib I‘I bulged outwardly.
The free arcuate
margin along the rim of one shell member is
oifset radially outwardly, providing a rabbet for 20.
overlappingly receiving the corresponding edge
of the other part. The cut edge of each part is
curved outwardly and clinched about a cushion
bead preferably substantially coextensive with
the rib. The end portions of said edges on one
of the shell members are removed so as not to
interfere with the lapping of the members. Sub
stantially halfway between the ends of the rim
portions of the-cover members, they are con
nected by a transversely extending flexible strap
which permits the cover members to have rela
tive hinging movement similar to a clam shell
be raised to remove it from the tire. _
35., n While either of the cover members Il and IIa
protective beading.
and I Ia when the bolt is rotated in a direction
to movethe head away from the bracket 2l.
The multi-part shell structure may be formed
It will be observed that in following this meth
od, duplicate stamping or like operations which
would be necessary in the making of substantially
identical half shell members is rendered unnec
essary since, with substantially a single stamping .
or the like operation, followed by a cutting op
eration, the desired half members forming the
clam shell tire cover structure may be fabricated. 40A
The cover construction comprising the comple
mentalcover parts II and II a may be applied in
the proper cooperative and interlocked relation to
the beading IUa and the fender 2 irrespective of
the presence or absence of the spare tire 4.
This is true‘since the mounting of the cover
structure is not dependent upon the tire. The
cover structure may be ñrmly clamped in place
in the absence of the tire, and thus the un- d
attractive appearance of an uncovered well may
be eliminated in the employment of'the present
Except for the heads of the clamping bolts and
the brackets associated therewith which are rela
tively small in- comparison with the sides of the
cover structure, the onlyl portions of the cover
structure having the appearance of projections
are the peripheral bead-like flange I2 and the
beads I 'I disposed substantially at the juncture of
the cover and the fender. The remainder of the
cover structure may be entirely smooth, and said
portions I2 and I1 serve rather to enhance the
‘ keeper projecting thereinto, from turning appearance of the cover as a whole, and accord
relative to the nut 26 when locked in place and ingly of the automobile equipped with such cover.
While the drawings illustrate the `cover embody
is free to rotate therein when the locking mecha
ing the invention applied to one of the lfront
nism is r'eleased. The locking mechanism is in
dicated at 32 in Figure '7 and may be provided fenders, obviously a like cover may be applied
at the other front fender or at the rear fenders
70. with a keyhole 33 for key operation.
or anywhere else on the oar including the rear
lf desired, a cotter pin, collar _or other suitable thereof.
means could be secured to the bolt shank and
When the cover structure is locked to the auto
opposite to the shoulder 23 for engagement with
the rear side of the bracket 25 to forcibly cause vmobile at the mouth of the well, the spare wheel
separative movement of the cover members II andA tire are also locked to the automobile.
If it is desired to support the spare wheel as
from an inner part thereof to a carrier projecting
from the automobile, while a part of the spare
tire is received in a well of the automobile, the
cover could be so formed that its rear part is of
arcuate shape so as to provide an opening of
I claim as my invention:
l. 'I'he combination of, a fender, a well in said
fender for receiving a spare tire, said well hav
ing ledges outwardly directed at each side -there
l sufficient size to clear the carrier when the cover
is shov-ed into and removed from proper tire
of and spaced above said fender, a cover for
covering the exposed part of a tire located in
said well, including surfaces at each side of said
covering position. Any type of wheel mounting
under such conditions may be used, and if desired
the wheel may be mounted by means of bolts such
as the bolts used in mounting the wheel in service
under the vehicle, such bolts passing into the
well secured for movement toward and from said
ledges, each of said surfaces having terminal
portions movable under said ledges and into the
holes ’la (Figure 2) provided for that purpose.
In the illustrated embodiment of the invention,
the connection between the cover andthe well
is such that the cover is on the outside. If de
sired, by a simple reversal of the portions I0, loa,
space between said ledges and fender, means on
said portions for engaging the fender, means on
said ledges for engaging said portions and means
to force said surfaces together and toward the
sides of said well to force said engagement oi' said
first two means whereby said portions are gripped
between the ledges and fender through said first
and Il, the portions I1 could be fitted on the
` 4inside of the straps 9, and the clamping means
constructed and operated so as to exert a spread
two means for securing the cover to the well.
2. The combination of, a fender, a well in said
fender for receiving a spare tire, said well hav 20
ing force on the members Il and Ila so as to
ing ledges outwardly directed at each side there
cause such reversed ribsll to be forcibly engaged
with such reversed beading lila. In such event,
the beading 20 could be dispensed with if so de
25 sired. Suitable provision would be made at the
overlapping portions of the members Il and Ila
of and spaced above .said fender, a cover for
covering the exposed part of a tire located in said
to take care of the relative movement necessary
for such a reversed construction.
It will be appreciated that the members I I and
could be formed in arcuate shape for cover
well, including surfaces at each side of said well 25
secured for movement toward and from said
ledges, each of said surfaces having terminal por
tions movable under said ledges and into the
ing portions of the tire only, the clamping means
in such »event operating as described above, the
retaining means at the well in such event being
correspondingly shortened.
If so desired, the clamping mechanism could be
mounted on the fender and engageable with the
cover members Il and lla to adjust them toward
and away from each other into and out of clamped
telescoped engagement with the well beading Illa.
In accordance with the invention the beads
40 mounted at the fender could be made movable
away from and toward each other and the co
operating means of the cover relatively fixed, the
clamping means being constructed and arranged
to move such beading into and out of engage
ment with such` cooperating means when the
cover is disposed over the fender. The cover
parts Il and lla in such event could be fastened
together rigidly. The beads could„be inherently
springable into interlocked relation with the cover
as the latter is shoved down and require manual
retraction by means accessible from the outside
of the cover before removal of the cover could be
ecected, or suchv beads could be cammed into re
tracted position by forcible raising of the cover.
In all such alternative forms releasable theft
proof locking means, key or otherwise controlled,
may be employed as explained above.
I am aware that many changes may be made
and numerous details of construction may be
60 varied through a wide range without departing
from the principles of this invention, and I, there
fore, do not purpose limiting the patent granted
-hereon otherwise than necessitated by the prior
space between said ledges and fender, means on
said portions for engaging the fender, resilient
means on said ledges for engaging said portions` ‘
and means to force said surfaces together and to
ward the sides of said well to force said engage
ment of said resilient means whereby said por
tions are gripped between the ledges and fender 35
through said resilient means for securing the
cover to the well and whereby, upon withdrawal
of said force means, the inherent tendency of
said resilient means> to return to their normal
conditions will relieve said grip, said cover in 40
cluding two vertical halves held together by said
forcing means.
3. The combination of a well for receiving a
spare tire, said well having ledges projecting
therefrom and at each side thereof, a cover for 45
covering the exposed part of a. tire located in said
well, including surfaces at each side of said well
secured for movement toward and from said
ledges, each of said surfaces having terminal por
tions movable under said ledges for retaining co 50
operation therewith, resilient means on said
ledges for engaging‘said portions, and means to
force said surfaces together and toward the sides
of said Well to force said engagement of said re
silient means whereby said portions grippingly 55
engage said ledges through said resilient means
for securing the cover to the well, and whereby
upon'withdrawal of said force means the in
herent tendency of said resilient means to re
turn to its normal condition will relieve said grip, 60
said cover including means bearing against the
tire to assist in holding said cover terminal por
tions in proper cooperative relation with said
well ledges.
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