Патент USA US2134499код для вставки
'Oct.25,1938. . us. BARROWS ' ‘ 2,134,499 J OURNAL. BOX I Filed Dec. 28, 1934 ,__.______..________._________; I l l l | l I I I ‘ ' , l l I | I | I I l l l : | I / : | I I I I | l I l l l | ~ _....__ _ _ _ _ \__ ________ .____.__ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ -’ l | I : l I : | | | I l I I I 1 I 3mm 35 ‘307a [d <5: Barrows 7 2,134,499. v Patented Oct. 25, 1938 _ UNITED-STATES PATENT torn-CE = , , 2,134,499 ' JOURNAL BOX 7‘ Donald S. Barrows, ‘Rochester, N.‘ Y., as'signor to The Symington-Gould Corporation, Rochester, N. Y.', a corporation of Maryland ‘ Application December (28, 1934, Serial N0; 759,590 10 Claims. .25 This invention relates to journal boxes for rail way vehicles, and, more particularly, to the con (01. 308-947), ' passes, whereby the same is maintained in hinged relation’ with‘ respect‘ to the‘journal box.“ The struction of spring-actuated lids for such boxes. apertures through the loops l0 and I I I are de The principal object ofmy invention, generally sirably elongated transversely with respect to the‘ considered, is the provision of an articulated journal box lid comprising a closure ‘member, a closure member 9 so as to allowsome playto in-' sure the acourate‘seating of the lid on the‘box. A spring retainer or hood I2 is formed with co hood orspring retainer, a torsionspring ‘and a ball or generally spherical member which serves for ‘connecting :the spring and hood'ito the closure member While allowing for a desired articulation ‘it therebetween. ‘ _' ' ' ' . , . ‘ Another ‘object ofmy invention is the provi-l , retainer therefor, saidvretainer being provided with apocket having‘ a'curved surface normally partially housing the coil ‘portions of the spring and adapted; while the parts'are being moved to normal position, to gradually stress or ener gizesaid lspringpto‘the, desired degree. operating ‘ear, or loop portions l3 and I4, also receiving, the 'pintle or hinge‘ pin 5 for pivotally connecting said retainer to‘ the journal box, and also-to the closure member 9; " , SiOII‘Of a journal box lid with a’ hood or spring _ , A further object ‘ofmy invention is the pro-vi 20 _ . sion of an articulated'journalbox lid in which angling orarticulation between a hood andclo sure portion, of said lid, as well as necessary move v 10, , A spring i5 is provided between the retainer or hood l2’ and the closure member 9,.whereby the same is held instressedior energized position. Said spring is preferably of the torsion type and 15 comprisesa plurality of coiled portions I6 and il between which, on a generally straight portion is ofsaid spring, is preferably. mounted a roller or‘ other antifriction device I9, which engages the hinge lug 3 and alternately presses against the 20 faces Grand 1- thereofnwhen the lid-is in closed and open positions, 7 respectively. ‘The ends of the spring extendv downwardly where they are ment of‘, the‘ actuating’ spring is provided by a bent toward each‘ other and received in an aper 25 ball‘ or ‘spherical member normally seated on the» ture, receptacle; or sockets in a‘ball or spherical , lid?equalizing member 29. The ball 29 is held in front face of the closure ‘member. , , ,Other objects and advantages of the invention position in ‘a pocket 2! in the outer face ‘of the relating to the particular arrangement andcon struction of the various parts will become appar 30 entas , ‘Referring the description to the drawing proceeds. illustrating , ~_~ my , 'in-, vention, the scope whereof is» de?ned by the appended ‘p35 claims: - - ‘ V _ ‘- Figurellis ,a'front elevational View of one form. of journal box lid embodying my invention.“ Fig. 2 isa cross-sectional View on the line 2--2 closure member 9 by means of a clip or retainer - 22 riveted or otherwise connected‘ to the outer face‘ of said closure member, as indicated at 23, and formed with a spherical portion 24 cooperate ing with the pocket 2! for housing the lid equal; izing ball 20, while allowing equalizing movement 39 thereof. The hood or springretainer I2 is ‘curved at. its lower portion, as indicated at 25, to ‘snugly 1 ?t over the clip 22. _ of, Fig. ,1, looking in theVdirectio-n of the arrows,‘ ‘ ' In order to maintainthe coils l6 and H of the andshowing fragmentaryportions of an asso ciatedjour'nal 40 box.‘ , 1 - l 1 _ Referring to ‘the drawing in detail, like parts ‘being designated by like reference characters, ‘spring 15 in properralinement and provide for energizing said spring, the ‘outer wall of the re-: tainer or hood I2- is desirably formed with, a 40 pocket 2% receiving. "and ‘partially housing the there is shown a portion of a journal box I pro outer portions of said coils, the end walls 27 and ‘vided on its upper surface or roof 2 adjacent the forward ‘or outer edge thereof with a hinge lug , 3, which lug is apertured, as indicatedat 4, for > 28 de?ning said pocket being desirably inclined to correspond with the adjacent coils, as illus trated most clearly in Figure 1, and lying closely the vpassage of a, hinge bolt orpintle .5 there; adjacent to said coils to prevent any material through. Said lug is providedatits front, and shifting thereof from normalposition. On ac count of the curvature of’ the wall de?ning said top with ?at faces 6 and ‘I, respectively, for co operation with a spring-pressed portion carried pocket, said wall serves as a cam for gradually stressing the springto the desired energized con 50 by the lid 8 for, holding‘the same in either open dition during assembly, as will be more fully ex or closed ‘position. ,7. . , , Theassembled lid 8 comprises a closure mem ber 9 which, in the present embodiment, is shown: , formed of pressed metal and‘ provided with loops or cars‘ It and‘ I! through which, the pintle 5, plained hereinafter. .t ‘ . ' c i , In order to prevent‘lifting of the closure mem ber!) with respect to thehoodlZ, said hood is desirably formedwith‘an inwardly extending lug 2 2,134,499 or ?ange 29, which may be part of an angular clip 30, welded or otherwise connected to the inner face of the hood l2, and with its inner most portion received in a corrugation or elon gated pocket 3| in the closure member 9 and normally lying closely adjacent and above the ball 20, whereby undesired upward movement of saidclosure member with respect to said hood is prevented. 10 By reason of the angle which spring l5 makes with the closure member 9, as shown in Fig.‘ 2, there is a vertical force component which tends to lift the closure member vertically with refer ence to the hood l2, thereby causing the scrolls 15 or ears H to bear hard against the underside of the pin 5. By attaching the clip 29 to the vhood ing said spring and formed with a pocket nesting over said coils, the relation between the coils and the pocketed portion being such that when 5 the hood is in position over said spring it is held in place thereby. 3. A journal box lid assembly comprising a closure member formed with a pocket in its outer face, a ball seated in said pocket, a spring pivot 10 ally secured to said ball, a hood covering said spring and formed with an inwardly opening pocket receiving a portion thereof, and a ?ange extending inwardly from the inner face of said hood, overlying said ball, and with an end por 15 tion thereof received in a pocket in the front l2 and causing this to bear against the top of the ball 20, this upward movement of the closure member relative to the hood i2 is prevented, thereby making it easier to operate the lid and relieving the pin of undesired bending strains. The closure member 9 is desirably stiffened by 4. A journal box’ lid assembly comprising a closure member formed with a pocket in its outer face, a ball nesting in said pocket, a spring di rectly secured to said ball, and a hood covering said spring, said ball being held in place by a means of corrugations 32 and the pin or pintle 5 may be prevented from undesired loss after closure member and nesting over said ball, and application by tabs 33 and 34 which normally overlie the ends thereof and are adapted to be bent to and from retaining positions. A preferred method of assembly of the parts of the articulated lid heretofore described is to 30 first fasten the ball 20 to the front face of the closure member 9 by riveting the clip 22 in place over said ball, said spring I5 being assembled with the ball either before or after this opera tion by spreading the lower ends until the bent trunnion portions 35 can be slipped into the hole in said ball, when said bent portions will spring together to the position illustrated in Figure 1. The foregoing covers the entire shop assembly operation. For application to the box, the lid with the spring depending therefrom is simply laid in po sition, said spring swung up until the roller l9 rests against the hinge lug. The separate hood I2 is then dropped over the spring and the holes 45 in its ears l3 and I4 carefully aligned with the lug hole and with the scrolls l0 and II on the lid proper. The hinge pin 5 is then passed through the entire series of holes and held in place by the tabs 33 and 34. At this stage, the spring I5 is not under stress, 50 and the hood sticks out at a considerablerangle from the lid. Pressure is then applied to the free end 25 of said hood and it is forced down until the coils l6 of the spring snap into the pocket 55 26 in the hood. The spring pressure then holds all parts in ?nal position. To disassemble, it is merely necessary to pry up the lower end 25 of the hood I2 which relieves the spring and 60 ally secured to said ball and comprising a por tion formed as a series of coils, and a hood cover allows all the parts to be easily removed. Although a preferred embodiment of my inven— tion has been illustrated, it will be understood that modi?cations may be made within the spirit and scope of the appended claims. I claim: 1. A journal box lid assembly comprising a closure member formed with a pocket in its outer face, a ball seated in said pocket, a clip riveted to said closure member and nesting over said ball for holding it in place, a spring lying over 70 the face of said closure member and with lower end portions secured to said ball, and a hood cov ering said spring and held in place thereby. 2. A journal box lid assembly comprising a closure member formed with a pocket in its outer 75 face. a ball seated in said pocket, a spring pivot face of said closure member, separately formed clip detachably secured to said said hood having its lower portion formed to 25 nest over said clip. 5. In combination, a journal box having a hinge lug, a closure member of a lid assembly pivotally connected thereto, a spring retainer pivotally connected to said lug, a torsion spring 30 positioned between said retainer and closure member and comprising coil portions seated on said ‘retainer and adapted to exert pressure against said lug and lower end portions bent to ward one another to form trunnion means, a lid 35 equalizing ball connected to said spring, by re ceiving said trunnion means in an aperture there in, and secured to the front face of said closure member with provision for turning, said retainer having a curved portion which acts as a cam for 40 gradually stressing said spring when said hood is swung about its connection with the lug toward said closure member, said curved portion being so formed that when the spring is stressed to the desired extent, it acts to hold said retainer in 45 normal position with respect to said closure mem ber. ' 6. A journal box lid assembly comprising a closure member formed with an outwardly open ing pocket, a lidequalizing ball seated in said 50 pocket, a ball retainer secured to said closure member and nesting over said ball for holding it in place while allowing free rotation thereof, a spring lying over the face of said closure member and with lower end portions pivotally ?tting in a corresponding receptacle in said ball, and a hood covering said spring and ball retainer and pivoted to said closure member. 7. A journal box lid assembly comprising a closure member formed with an outwardly open 60 ing pocket, a ball seated in said pocket, a spring with lower end portions bent toward one another and forming journal means on which said ball is adapted to rotate, a hood covering said spring and formed with an inwardly opening pocket nestingly receiving aportion thereof, and means extending inwardly from the inner face of said hood and overlying said ball to prevent upward movement thereof, _ 8. A journal box lid assembly comprising a 70 closure member formed with a pocket in its outer face, a ball seated in said pocket and formed with a receptacle, a spring having lower horizontal trunnion portions pivotally mounted in said re~ ceptacle adapted to urge said ball into said pocket, 75 3 2,134,499 and a hood covering said spring and formed with an inwardly‘opening pocket receiving a portion of said spring for holding the closure member assembled therewith, . ' 9. In combination, a journal box having a hinge lug, a closure member pivotally connected di-_ rectly thereto, a hood pivotally connected to said lug, a spring having lower ‘horizontal trunnion portions positioned between said hood and closure member, a ball, with a receptacle in which said trunnion portions are pivoted, seated in a pocket in saidclosure member, and means for holding said ball in said pocket. 10. In combination, a journal box having a hinge lug, a lid assembly pivotally connected thereto and comprising a closure member, a hood, a spring, having lower horizontal trunnion por tions, positioned between said hood and closure ‘ member, and a ball, with a receptacle in which said trunnion portions are pivoted, and free'to move with respect to ‘said hood, said closure mem ber having a pocket receiving said ball, and means connected to said closure member for holding 10 said ball in said pocket. DONALD S. BARROWS.