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Патент USA US2134499

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'Oct.25,1938.
.
us. BARROWS '
‘
2,134,499
J OURNAL. BOX
I Filed Dec. 28, 1934
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3mm
35
‘307a [d <5: Barrows
7 2,134,499.
v Patented Oct. 25, 1938 _
UNITED-STATES PATENT torn-CE =
,
, 2,134,499
' JOURNAL BOX
7‘
Donald S. Barrows, ‘Rochester, N.‘ Y., as'signor to
The Symington-Gould Corporation, Rochester,
N. Y.', a corporation of Maryland
‘ Application December (28, 1934, Serial N0; 759,590
10 Claims.
.25
This invention relates to journal boxes for rail
way vehicles, and, more particularly, to the con
(01. 308-947),
'
passes, whereby the same is maintained in hinged
relation’ with‘ respect‘ to the‘journal box.“ The
struction of spring-actuated lids for such boxes.
apertures through the loops l0 and I I I are de
The principal object ofmy invention, generally
sirably elongated transversely with respect to the‘
considered, is the provision of an articulated
journal box lid comprising a closure ‘member, a
closure member 9 so as to allowsome playto in-'
sure the acourate‘seating of the lid on the‘box.
A spring retainer or hood I2 is formed with co
hood orspring retainer, a torsionspring ‘and a
ball or generally spherical member which serves
for ‘connecting :the spring and hood'ito the closure
member While allowing for a desired articulation
‘it
therebetween.
‘
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.
,
.
‘
Another ‘object ofmy invention is the provi-l
, retainer therefor, saidvretainer being provided
with apocket having‘ a'curved surface normally
partially housing the coil ‘portions of the spring
and adapted; while the parts'are being moved
to normal position, to gradually stress or ener
gizesaid lspringpto‘the, desired degree.
operating ‘ear, or loop portions l3 and I4, also
receiving, the 'pintle or hinge‘ pin 5 for pivotally
connecting said retainer to‘ the journal box, and
also-to the closure member 9;
"
, SiOII‘Of a journal box lid with a’ hood or spring
_
, A further object ‘ofmy invention is the pro-vi
20
_
. sion of an articulated'journalbox lid in which
angling orarticulation between a hood andclo
sure portion, of said lid, as well as necessary move
v
10,
,
A spring i5 is provided between the retainer
or hood l2’ and the closure member 9,.whereby
the same is held instressedior energized position.
Said spring is preferably of the torsion type and 15
comprisesa plurality of coiled portions I6 and il
between which, on a generally straight portion is
ofsaid spring, is preferably. mounted a roller or‘
other antifriction device I9, which engages the
hinge lug 3 and alternately presses against the 20
faces Grand 1- thereofnwhen the lid-is in closed
and open positions, 7 respectively. ‘The ends of
the spring extendv downwardly where they are
ment of‘, the‘ actuating’ spring is provided by a
bent toward each‘ other and received in an aper
25 ball‘ or ‘spherical member normally seated on the» ture, receptacle; or sockets in a‘ball or spherical
, lid?equalizing member 29. The ball 29 is held in
front face of the closure ‘member.
,
,
,Other objects and advantages of the invention position in ‘a pocket 2! in the outer face ‘of the
relating to the particular arrangement andcon
struction of the various parts will become appar
30 entas
, ‘Referring
the description
to the drawing
proceeds.
illustrating
, ~_~ my
,
'in-,
vention, the scope whereof is» de?ned by the
appended
‘p35
claims: -
-
‘
V
_
‘- Figurellis ,a'front elevational View of one form.
of journal box lid embodying my invention.“
Fig. 2 isa cross-sectional View on the line 2--2
closure member 9 by means of a clip or retainer -
22 riveted or otherwise connected‘ to the outer
face‘ of said closure member, as indicated at 23,
and formed with a spherical portion 24 cooperate
ing with the pocket 2! for housing the lid equal;
izing ball 20, while allowing equalizing movement
39
thereof. The hood or springretainer I2 is ‘curved
at. its lower portion, as indicated at 25, to ‘snugly 1
?t over the clip 22.
_
of, Fig. ,1, looking in theVdirectio-n of the arrows,‘ ‘ ' In order to maintainthe coils l6 and H of the
andshowing fragmentaryportions of an asso
ciatedjour'nal
40
box.‘
,
1
-
l
1
_
Referring to ‘the drawing in detail, like parts
‘being designated by like reference characters,
‘spring 15 in properralinement and provide for
energizing said spring, the ‘outer wall of the re-:
tainer or hood I2- is desirably formed with, a 40
pocket 2% receiving. "and ‘partially housing the
there is shown a portion of a journal box I pro
outer portions of said coils, the end walls 27 and
‘vided on its upper surface or roof 2 adjacent the
forward ‘or outer edge thereof with a hinge lug
, 3, which lug is apertured, as indicatedat 4, for >
28 de?ning said pocket being desirably inclined
to correspond with the adjacent coils, as illus
trated most clearly in Figure 1, and lying closely
the vpassage of a, hinge bolt orpintle .5 there; adjacent to said coils to prevent any material
through. Said lug is providedatits front, and shifting thereof from normalposition. On ac
count of the curvature of’ the wall de?ning said
top with ?at faces 6 and ‘I, respectively, for co
operation with a spring-pressed portion carried pocket, said wall serves as a cam for gradually
stressing the springto the desired energized con
50 by the lid 8 for, holding‘the same in either open
dition during assembly, as will be more fully ex
or closed ‘position. ,7.
.
,
,
Theassembled lid 8 comprises a closure mem
ber 9 which, in the present embodiment, is shown:
, formed of pressed metal and‘ provided with loops
or cars‘ It and‘ I! through which, the pintle 5,
plained hereinafter. .t
‘
.
'
c
i
, In order to prevent‘lifting of the closure mem
ber!) with respect to thehoodlZ, said hood is
desirably formedwith‘an inwardly extending lug
2
2,134,499
or ?ange 29, which may be part of an angular
clip 30, welded or otherwise connected to the
inner face of the hood l2, and with its inner
most portion received in a corrugation or elon
gated pocket 3| in the closure member 9 and
normally lying closely adjacent and above the
ball 20, whereby undesired upward movement of
saidclosure member with respect to said hood is
prevented.
10
By reason of the angle which spring l5 makes
with the closure member 9, as shown in Fig.‘ 2,
there is a vertical force component which tends
to lift the closure member vertically with refer
ence to the hood l2, thereby causing the scrolls
15 or ears H to bear hard against the underside of
the pin 5. By attaching the clip 29 to the vhood
ing said spring and formed with a pocket nesting
over said coils, the relation between the coils
and the pocketed portion being such that when 5
the hood is in position over said spring it is held
in place thereby.
3. A journal box lid assembly comprising a
closure member formed with a pocket in its outer
face, a ball seated in said pocket, a spring pivot 10
ally secured to said ball, a hood covering said
spring and formed with an inwardly opening
pocket receiving a portion thereof, and a ?ange
extending inwardly from the inner face of said
hood, overlying said ball, and with an end por 15
tion thereof received in a pocket in the front
l2 and causing this to bear against the top of
the ball 20, this upward movement of the closure
member relative to the hood i2 is prevented,
thereby making it easier to operate the lid and
relieving the pin of undesired bending strains.
The closure member 9 is desirably stiffened by
4. A journal box’ lid assembly comprising a
closure member formed with a pocket in its outer
face, a ball nesting in said pocket, a spring di
rectly secured to said ball, and a hood covering
said spring, said ball being held in place by a
means of corrugations 32 and the pin or pintle
5 may be prevented from undesired loss after
closure member and nesting over said ball, and
application by tabs 33 and 34 which normally
overlie the ends thereof and are adapted to be
bent to and from retaining positions.
A preferred method of assembly of the parts
of the articulated lid heretofore described is to
30 first fasten the ball 20 to the front face of the
closure member 9 by riveting the clip 22 in place
over said ball, said spring I5 being assembled
with the ball either before or after this opera
tion by spreading the lower ends until the bent
trunnion portions 35 can be slipped into the hole
in said ball, when said bent portions will spring
together to the position illustrated in Figure 1.
The foregoing covers the entire shop assembly
operation.
For application to the box, the lid with the
spring depending therefrom is simply laid in po
sition, said spring swung up until the roller l9
rests against the hinge lug. The separate hood
I2 is then dropped over the spring and the holes
45 in its ears l3 and I4 carefully aligned with the
lug hole and with the scrolls l0 and II on the
lid proper. The hinge pin 5 is then passed
through the entire series of holes and held in
place by the tabs 33 and 34.
At this stage, the spring I5 is not under stress,
50
and the hood sticks out at a considerablerangle
from the lid. Pressure is then applied to the free
end 25 of said hood and it is forced down until
the coils l6 of the spring snap into the pocket
55 26 in the hood. The spring pressure then holds
all parts in ?nal position. To disassemble, it
is merely necessary to pry up the lower end 25
of the hood I2 which relieves the spring and
60
ally secured to said ball and comprising a por
tion formed as a series of coils, and a hood cover
allows all the parts to be easily removed.
Although a preferred embodiment of my inven—
tion has been illustrated, it will be understood
that modi?cations may be made within the spirit
and scope of the appended claims.
I claim:
1. A journal box lid assembly comprising a
closure member formed with a pocket in its outer
face, a ball seated in said pocket, a clip riveted
to said closure member and nesting over said
ball for holding it in place, a spring lying over
70 the face of said closure member and with lower
end portions secured to said ball, and a hood cov
ering said spring and held in place thereby.
2. A journal box lid assembly comprising a
closure member formed with a pocket in its outer
75 face. a ball seated in said pocket, a spring pivot
face of said closure member,
separately formed clip detachably secured to said
said hood having its lower portion formed to 25
nest over said clip.
5. In combination, a journal box having a
hinge lug, a closure member of a lid assembly
pivotally connected thereto, a spring retainer
pivotally connected to said lug, a torsion spring 30
positioned between said retainer and closure
member and comprising coil portions seated on
said ‘retainer and adapted to exert pressure
against said lug and lower end portions bent to
ward one another to form trunnion means, a lid 35
equalizing ball connected to said spring, by re
ceiving said trunnion means in an aperture there
in, and secured to the front face of said closure
member with provision for turning, said retainer
having a curved portion which acts as a cam for 40
gradually stressing said spring when said hood is
swung about its connection with the lug toward
said closure member, said curved portion being
so formed that when the spring is stressed to the
desired extent, it acts to hold said retainer in 45
normal position with respect to said closure mem
ber.
'
6. A journal box lid assembly comprising a
closure member formed with an outwardly open
ing pocket, a lidequalizing ball seated in said 50
pocket, a ball retainer secured to said closure
member and nesting over said ball for holding it
in place while allowing free rotation thereof, a
spring lying over the face of said closure member
and with lower end portions pivotally ?tting in
a corresponding receptacle in said ball, and a
hood covering said spring and ball retainer and
pivoted to said closure member.
7. A journal box lid assembly comprising a
closure member formed with an outwardly open 60
ing pocket, a ball seated in said pocket, a spring
with lower end portions bent toward one another
and forming journal means on which said ball
is adapted to rotate, a hood covering said spring
and formed with an inwardly opening pocket
nestingly receiving aportion thereof, and means
extending inwardly from the inner face of said
hood and overlying said ball to prevent upward
movement thereof,
_
8. A journal box lid assembly comprising a 70
closure member formed with a pocket in its outer
face, a ball seated in said pocket and formed with
a receptacle, a spring having lower horizontal
trunnion portions pivotally mounted in said re~
ceptacle adapted to urge said ball into said pocket, 75
3
2,134,499
and a hood covering said spring and formed with
an inwardly‘opening pocket receiving a portion
of said spring for holding the closure member
assembled therewith,
.
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9. In combination, a journal box having a hinge
lug, a closure member pivotally connected di-_
rectly thereto, a hood pivotally connected to said
lug, a spring having lower ‘horizontal trunnion
portions positioned between said hood and closure
member, a ball, with a receptacle in which said
trunnion portions are pivoted, seated in a pocket
in saidclosure member, and means for holding
said ball in said pocket.
10. In combination, a journal box having a
hinge lug, a lid assembly pivotally connected
thereto and comprising a closure member, a hood,
a spring, having lower horizontal trunnion por
tions, positioned between said hood and closure ‘
member, and a ball, with a receptacle in which
said trunnion portions are pivoted, and free'to
move with respect to ‘said hood, said closure mem
ber having a pocket receiving said ball, and means
connected to said closure member for holding 10
said ball in said pocket.
DONALD S. BARROWS.
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