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Патент USA US2134592

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met.. 25, ma.
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M. WIDEMAN ’
'
2,134,592
HAIR WAVING DEVI CE
Filed Ma?oh 2, 1958
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lNvENTOR
Patented Oct. 25, 1938
2,134,592
UNITED STÄTEÈ
garant ori-‘ies
2,134,592
HAIR. WAVING DEVICE
Mervin Wideman, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Application March 2, 1938, Serial No. 193,402
i2 claims. (o1. 132-32)
‘ This invention relates to an improvement in Y These comb members are preferably, but not nec
hair waving devices. The primary object of the
invention is to provide a device, more particularly
adapted for self-application, but also capable of
use in hair-dressing establishments, by which
desired waves and ridges may be imparted to the
hair simply and effectively.
Various kinds of hair waving devices have been
proposed, someof which .are damaging to the
10 hair; others are Vof complex construction and
difñcult or impossible to use,` particularly for self
application, while various> other types impart
essarily, formed of sheet metal. In the embodi
ment of the invention shown, the center comb I
includes a top plate 4, which may be perforated
or otherwise .apertured as shown at 5 to aid in
drying of the hair engaged by the device, and is
formed with the integral downwardly extending
spaced blades 6 and 1. The lower edge of each
of the blades 5 and 'l is toothed as at 3, said teeth
being inclined as clearly shown in Fig. 3.
10'
Each of the side combs has its lower endl
toothed as shown at 9, the teeth thereon inclining
relatively slight wave and ridge formation to the
hair. In most cases, the ridge formed in the hair
is of unsatisfactory and of artificiai appearance,
while in other cases a’ ridge is formed with very
in a direction opposite to that of the inclination
of the teeth 8 on the center comb. Each of the
little wave formation.
the comb and also acting .as an anchorage for
_
My invention contemplates the provision of a
simple, sturdy and automatic hair waver capable
20 of self-application to the hair; which will auto
matically shift the hairs to impart a natural
wave thereto and which will form at least two
properly shaped and spaced >ridges in the hair.
More particularly, the invention contemplates
25 the provision of several, and at least three, comb
like members connected by pivoted links and pro
vided with manipulating handles by which the
combs may be held in spaced-apart relationshipY
whilev the device is inserted in the hair. When
30 manual pressure on the handleseis relieved, spring
, pressure causes the combs'to move'toward one
another and also relatively endwise, the endwise
movement thereof imparting an undulating cur
vature to the strands of hair engaged by the
35 teeth ofÀ the comb,` while the movement of the
combs toward one another causes the hair strands
to be gripped between the sides of the combs and
formed with the desired, properly spaced and pro
side combs 2 and 3 is formedrat its top with a 153
lateral ñang'e ltL‘serving to reinforce and stii‘fen
pivot pins. The 4side comb 3, at one of its ends,
is pivoted at il to one end of a link I2, the op
posite end of which is pivoted at I3 to the top 20
plate ¿l of the center comb. Similarly, the endV
of the Side comb 2 is pivoted at It to one end
of a link l5 having its opposite end pivoted at i6
to the top plate li, the pivot I6 being located near
the point i3 of pivotal connection of the link l2. 25
The opposite end of the side comb 2 is pivoted
at il in a clevis i9 formed on the end of an arm
2i) of a bell-crank> that is’ formed with ears 2lV
which are pivotally mountedon pivot pin 22 se
cured in an‘extended end portion or lug 23 of
the top» plate 4 of center comb l. The bell-crank
is formed with an extended free end 24 consti
tuting a manipulating vhandle which co-operates
with a similar handle 28 for holding the side’
combs 2 and 3 distended away from the center 35
comb l as shown in Fig. 2. Side comb 3 has its
end pivotally connected at 25 to the clevis 26
formed'onrthe end of an arm 27 of a bell-crank
portioned, ridges.
.
Y
Y
which has ears 28a pivotally mounted on the
In the accompanying drawing, wherein an em
pivot pin 22. The bell-crank on which arm 2l 40
40
bodiment of the invention is shown, Fig. l is a is formed is provided with an extended end 28
plan view 01"' a hair wavingdevice made in ac
forming a handle similar to that at 213 on arm
cordance with the invention, the same being. 2t. A torsional coil spring 29 has ends 353 and
shown in closed or hair-gripping position; Fig. 2
~45 is a plan view of the device in open position; Fig.
3 is a side view of the device; Fig. 4 is a sectional
View on the line ril-t of Fig. 1, looking in the di
rection of the arrows; Fig. 5 is a transverse sec
tional view through the comb members indicat
50 ing how the hair-is engaged and embraced there
between, and Fig. 6 is a sectional view on the line
6_6 of Fig. 3, looking in the direction of the
arrows.
.
-
'
i
inthe drawing, i indicates the center comb
55 member, and 2 >and 3 `the side comb members.
3i, one> of which bears against one of the arms .
or handles 2d and 28 tending to hold ‘them apart 45
as shown in Figs, l. and 6, and hold the side combs
2 `and 3 in close proximity to the blades 6 and i
of the center comb l. The outer surfaces of the
handle portions 2'? and 28 are roughenedor other
wise irregularly formed as indicated at 32 to 50
facilitate the gripping of these parts by the
ñngers.
'
In operation, the hair isv moistened or damp
ened with the usualhair-setting lotion or other
dampening medium and the waving» device'isv 55.
2
2,134,592
held between the fingers by the handles 24 and
28. These handles are squeezed toward one an
other as indicated in Fig. 2 against the tension
of the spring 29, such movement of the handles
causing the linkage connection of the center
comb with the side combs, consisting of the sev
eral links I2, I5, 28 and 21, to move the side
combs away from the center comb, to the posi
tion shown in Fig. 2. The device in this open
10 position, with the side combs 2 and 3 spaced
away from the center comb I, is now inserted in
the center member when said handles are moved
toward one another, and spring means for nor
mally holding the side comb members in close
proximity to the center comb member.
2. A hair-waving device comprising a center
comb and a side -comb located on each side of
the center comb and substantially parallel there
to, pivoted links connecting the center comb with
the side combs, several of said links bein-g pivot
ally connected and having projecting end por 10
tions constituting handle portions by which the
the hair, and finger pressure on the handles 24
side members can be manually moved away from
and 28 is then relieved. The spring 29 will cause
the side combs 2 and 3 to move inwardly and also
15 longitudinally or endwise of the center comb I.
The longitudinal movement of the side combs 2
and 3 relative to the center comb I will cause a
wave to be imparted to the strands of hair en
one another and from the center comb and held
gaged by the toothed portions 8 and 9 of the
20 respective combs.
25
30
35
40
When the side combs 2 and
3 move inwardly toward the center comb I, the
strands of hair engaged by the combs I, 2 and 3
will be brought up and embraced between the
faces of the combs as shown in Fig. 5 to form
the two ridges 33 and 3G in the hair. In other
words, the ridge 33 will be formed in the hair
by being engaged between the inner face of the
side comb 2 and the‘outer face of the blade por
tion 'l of the center comb and the ridge 34 will
be formed between the outer face of the blade
portion 6 of center comb I and the inner face
of the side comb 3. The blade portions 5 and l
of the center comb I are so spaced apart that
there is an intervening dip 35 formed in the hair
between the two ridges 34 so that these two
ridges are located in properly spaced relation
ship and impart a natural wave and rid-ge for
mation to the hair.
If desired, the central comb I, instead of being
formed in the double-bladed shape shown, may
be a single comb similar to the side combs 2 and
3. The center comb I is of greater length than
the sid-e combs to compensate for the longitudinal
movement of the side combs relative to the cen
45 ter comb, so that at no time does any portion
55
60
65
70
of the side combs 2 and 3 extend beyond the
toothed portion of the center comb. This will
be clear from Figs. 1 and 2 where it will be seen
that in the closed position of the device, shown
in Fig. 1, one of the ends of each of the side
combs lies substantially ilush with the free end
of the center comb; while in Fig. 2, in the ex
tended position of the device, the side combs
have moved longitudinally of the center comb,
yet have not had their end portions moved be
yond the toothed lower edge of the center comb.
It will also be understood that various modi
ñcations may be made in the shape and size of
the comb members. The toothed edge of each
of the comb members is curved to rit the curva
ture of the head and if desired, the upper edges
of the comb members may be similarly curved
as suggested in dotted lines at 36. These and
other modifications may be made in the struc
ture without departing from the spirit of the
invention.
What I claim is:
1. A hair-waving device comprising a center
comb member, and a side comb member disposed
on each side of the center member, pivoted links
connecting the center comb member with the side
comb members, several of said links being pro
vided with projecting end portions forming han
dles by which the side comb members can be
75 moved away from one another and away- from
in separated relationship by manual movement
of said handle portions toward one another, and
spring means for normally holding the side combs
in close proximity to the center comb.
3. A hair-waving device comprising, a center
comb, a side comb located at each side of the
center comb, spring means for normally holding
the three combs in close proximity to one an
other, a pair of links mounted on a common pivot
and each having one end pivotally attached to
one of the side combs, the opposite end of each
of said links forming a handle for moving one
of the side combs away from the center comb.
4. A hair-waving device comprising, a center
comb, a side comb located at each side of the
center comb, spring means for normally holding
the three combs in close proximity to one another,
15
20
25
30
a pair of links mounted on a common pivot and
each having one end pivotally attached to one
of the side combs, the opposite end of each of
said links forming a handle for moving one of the
side combs away from the center comb, and 35
against the tension of the spring means when
the ends of the links are moved toward one an
other, said spring means being located at the
pivot for the links.
5. A hair-waving device comprising, a center 40
comb of inverted U-shape, a side comb disposed
on each side of the center comb and movably
connected thereto, said center comb having teeth
angularly disposed in one direction, the side
combs having teeth angularly disposed in an' op 45
posite direction, spring means for holding the
combs disposed in close proximity to one another,
and handles pivoted on the center comb and con
nected to the side combs for moving the side
combs away from the center comb against the 50
tension of said spring means.
6. A hair-waving device comprising, a center
comb, a side comb disposed on each side of the
center comb, pivoted links connecting the combs,
several of said links having parts constituting 55
handles by which the side combs can be manually
moved away from the center comb by movement
of said parts toward one another.
'7. A hair-waving device comprising, a center
comb, a side comb disposed on each side of the 60
center comb and movably connected theretfo,
spring means for holding the combs in close prox
imity to one another, and handles pivoted on the
center comb and connected to the side combs
for moving the side combs away from the center
comb against the tension of said spring means
when the handles are moved toward one another.
8. A hair-waving device comprising, a center
comb, a side comb disposed on each side of the
center comlb and movably connected thereto,
spring means for holding the combs in close
proximity to one another, and handles pivotally
mounted at one end of the center comb beyond
the ends of the side combs and pivotally connected
to the ends of the side combs for moving the side
3
2,134,592
combs away from the center comb against the comb, a side comb located on each side of the
tension of the spring means.
center comb and in parallelism therewith and
9. A hair-Waving device comprising, Aa center movable to and from the same and also movable
comb, a side comb of less length than the center , longitudinally of the center comb, pivoted links
comb disposed on each side Vof the center comb at one end of the side combs for connecting the
and movably connected thereto, spring means side combs with the center comb, a pivot at one
for holding the combs in close proximity to one end of the center comb, arms pivotally mounted
another, the center comb having an extended end on said pivot, each of said arms having an end
portionprojecting beyond one end of the side pivotally connected to an end of a side comb
combs, and handles pivotally mounted on said and each arm having an opposite end forming a
extended end portion of the center comb, said handle, Asaid handles and arms causing the side
handles each having an end pivotally connected ` combs to be moved longitudinally and laterally of
to an end of one of the side combs for moving the center comb when the handles vare manually
the side combs away from the center comb against moved toward one another, and a spring for nor
the tension of the spring means when the handles mally maintaining the handles in spread-apart
are moved toward one another.
relationship to hold the side combs in close prox
10. A hair-Waving device comprising, a center imity to the center combs.
' comb, a side comb located on each side of the
12. A hair-Waving device comprising a center
center comb and movable to and from the same comb of inverted U-shape formation, a side `comb
20
end longitudinally of the center comb, pivoted
links connecting the side combs with the center
comb, a pívot at one end of the center comb, arms
mounted upon saidpivot, said arms being con
nected at one of their ends to the side combs,
25 the opposite ends of said arms comprising handles
by which the side combs can be caused to move
away from the center comb, and a spring sur
rounding the pivot and operative against the han
` dl‘es for normally holding the side combs in close
proximity to the center comb. `
11. A hair-waving device comprising, a center
located on each side of the center comb and mov
able to and from the same, pivoted links Vattached
at one end to the top of the center comb and at
tached .at their opposite ends to the tops of the
side combs, a pair of pivoted arms, the pivot
therefor being located at one end of the center
comb, one end of each arm being connected to
one end of each side comb, finger-engaging means
on the arms for moving the side combs relatively
to the center comb and spring means for moving
said side combs in an opposite direction.
'
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MERVIN WIDEMAN.
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