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Патент USA US2134729

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Nov. 1, 1938.
H. H. NICHOLSON
2,134,729
ENERGY CONVERTER
Fiied Nov. 15, 1955
.
3mm
HEIWy?CZl/ZG/ZOLSOn
Patented Nov. 1, 1938
I 2,134,729
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,134,729
ENERGY CONVERTER
Henry Harrison Nicholson, Boulder, Colo.
Application November 13, 1935, Serial No. 49,627
3 Claims. (Cl. 60-—46)
This invention relates to a means for convert
ing latent fuel energy into effective energy for
power, heating or other purposes and an object
is to utilize a structure in which products of
5 combustion are utilized for the generation of
steam and thereafter mixed with the steam to
form an elastic ?uid which can be utilized for
the various purposes stated.
‘
A further object is to provide a device of this
10 character which is simple and compact in con
struction, will not become overheated, can be
produced at low cost, and operates without re~
quiring the services of a skilled mechanic.
A still further object is to prevent overheating
15 of the walls of the device by the use of water
admitted thereto for conversion intosteam.
With the foregoing and other objects in view
which will appear as the description proceeds,
the invention consists of certain novel details of
20 construction and combinations of parts herein
after more fully described and pointed out in the
claims, it being understood that changes may be
made in the construction and arrangement of
parts without departing from the spirit of the
25
invention as claimed.
-
'
i
‘
In the accompanying drawing the preferred
form of the invention has been shown.
In said drawing:
Figure 1 is a longitudinal section through the
30
converter.
'
Figure 2 is a sectionv on line 2-—Z, Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a section on line 3-3, Figure 1.
Referring to the ?gures by.characters of ref
erence, l designates the cylindrical or body por35 tion of the main casing of the converter closed
at one end by a substantially conical head 2
which extends into the casing and is concen~v
trically disposed relative thereto.
The other end of the main casing is closed
head and each can have a valved supply pipe H
connected thereto.
A suitable ignition device,
such as a spark plug I2 is carried by the head
and thus the interior of the head will constitute
a combustion chamber wherein a mixture of air
and hydrocarbon fuel will be consumed.
The head 3 can be utilized as a means for
clamping to one end of the main casing I, an
annular ?ange l3 extending around the open end
of the cylindrical or body portion of an inner 10
casing M which extends longitudinally within
but is spaced from casing i so as to form ‘an
annular chamber I5. The other end of this inner
casing has an elongated conical‘head l6 extend~
ing throughout the length of casing Ill and sur
rounding but spaced ‘from the head 2. The space
between the heads 2 and it constitutes a steam
generating chamber IT. A Water spraying nozzle
16 is located at the center of the head 2 which
might be called the apex of the head and is em» 20
ployed for directing a spray of water in ‘the
chamber H and against the wall of head it. A
pipe I9 is employed for supplying water to nozzle
l8 and has a valve 20 whereby the ?ow of water
25
to the nozzle can be controlled.
An annular groove 2| is formed in the inner
surface of easing I at a point adjacent to the
head 3 and opening into this groove are a desired
number of radial ports 22 from which are ex—
tended outlet pipes 23 used for conducting gases 30
under pressure to the ?nal points of consumption.
The combustion chamber C‘ is provided with a
desired number of outlets 24 at the margin of
the head l6 so that gases generated within the
combustion chamber C ‘can flow outwardly into 35
the space between the inner and outer casings.
In practice liquid or gaseous hydrocarbon fuel
is directed into the combustion chamber C from
nozzle 4 which acts to spray the fuel in the
chamber. At the same time air under pressure 40
semi-spherical, although it is to be understood is directed into chamber 0 from nozzles ‘I and
ill and as all of the nozzles project the spray
that it can be of other shapes found most de
sirable. Opening into this head 3 at its center into the chamber along lines converging toward
is a nozzle 4 for supplying hydrocarbon fuel to the jet of hydrocarbon fuel, it will be apparent
that the air will break up‘ the fuel and thoroughly
45 the interior of head 3 and casing I in the form mix therewith so it can be ignited readily by
of a spray. This nozzle is joined to a suitable
supply (not shown) by a pipe 5 having a valve the ignition device l2. When the mixture is
ignited the gaseous products of combustion under
6 used for regulating the flow of the fuel.
Arranged in the head adjacent to the nozzle pressure will flow within the chamber C and
around head IE to the outlets 24. This will heat
50 4 and along lines'converging within the head 3 the casing l4 and the head IE to a high tem
and easing l are nozzles ‘I for supplying air under
pressure and each of these nozzles has. a supply perature. Water is sprayed into chamber I1 from
pipe 8 connected thereto. The flow of air to the nozzle l8 and will come against the surface of
nozzles can be controlled by valve 9. Other air the head l6 and be converted into steam, at the
same time acting to reduce the temperature of 55
55 nozzles 10 can be located at desired points in the
40 by a head 3 which, in the structure illustrated, is
2
2,134,729
the head [6 so that it will not become heated
to such an extent as to break down. The gen
erated steam will ?ow between the heads 2 and
I5 and will pass the outlets 24 where it will mix
with the gaseous products of combustion and
2. An energy converter including an outer cas
ing having a cylindrical portion one end of which
is closed by a tapered head extending into the
cylindrical portion, an inner casing secured in
the outer casing and comprising a cylindrical
form a thorough mixture of gas and steam and
this mixture will move to the annular groove 2|
portion provided at one end with a tapered end
and travel therealong to ports 22 and pipes 23
thence to the point of consumption.
10
When the steam mixes with the products of
combustion it supplies added energy while at
the same time reducing the temperature of the
casings being spaced apart at their cylindrical
portions to provide an annular chamber having
escaping gases so that the walls of the converter
will not become over-heated.
15
The air in chamber C insures complete com
bustion of the fuel.
It will be noted that this device is very simple
in construction and after once being centered
and adjusted will operate continuously to pro
20 duce, at low cost, a vast amount of active en
ergy useful not only for power purposes but also
for heating, etc.
What is claimed is:
1. An energy converter including an outer cas
ing having a combustion chamber in one end
and an inwardly extended head at its other end,
an inner casing secured within the outer casing
and opening at one end into the combustion
chamber, said inner casing being spaced from
30 the outer casing to provide an annular chamber,
and having an inwardly extended head sur
rounding and spaced from the inwardly extended
head of the outer casing to provide a steam gen
erating chamber between the heads, means for
85 supplying a combustible fuel mixture to the com
bustion chamber, means for igniting the mixture
to heat the inner casing and its head, and means
for directing water into the generating chamber
for conversion into steam by the hot walls of
40 said chamber, there being an outlet for the prod
ucts of combustion from the inner casing into
the annular chamber, and an outlet for dis
charging steam from the generating chamber
into the products of combustion delivered to the
45
annular chamber,
extending into said cylindrical portion, the two
an outlet and being spaced apart between their 1O
tapered heads to provide a steam generating
chamber in communication with said annular
chamber, means between the cylindrical portion
of the inner casing and its tapered head for main
taining communication between the annular 15
chamber and the interior of the inner casing,
means for directing water into the generating
chamber between the heads, a head connected
to the inner and outer casings and closing one
end of the chamber within the inner casing,
thereby to provide a combustion chamber, means
for directing a combustible fuel mixture into the
combustion chamber, and means for igniting the
mixture.
3. An energy converter including inner and
outer casings each having a cylindrical portion
and a tapered head extended into the cylindri
cal portion, a head closing the casings at one
end and providing a combustion chamber in the
inner casing, said casings being spaced apart to 30
provide an annular chamber between the cylin
drical portions and a steam generating chamber
between the heads, said chambers communicat
ing at one end with-each other and with the
corresponding end of the combustion chamber to
permit mixing of steam with the products of
combustion, there being an exhaust outlet from
the annular chamber, means for supplying a
combustible fuel mixture to the combustion
chamber, means for igniting said mixture, and
means for directing water into the steam gen
erating chamber to cool the heads forming the
walls thereof and generate steam.
HENRY HARRISON NICHOLSON.
45
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