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Патент USA US2134731

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NOV. 1, 1938.
v
c, M, PALMER
2,134,731 _
EYELASH CURLER
Filed May 9, 1935
.642
‘
*3 .35
47 INVENTQR
J3
I
Patented Nov. 1, 1938
2,134,731
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,134,731
EYELASH CURLER
Charles M. Palmer, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Application May 9, 1935, Serial No. 20,698
17 Claims. (Cl. 132-32)
The present invention is generally concerned able jaw, partly illustrated in section. Fig. 8 is
with hair curling devices and more particularly a section taken on the line 8-8 of Fig. 7. Fig. 9
relates to a functionally and structurally im
is a fragmentary front elevational view, partly in
proved eyelash curler for enhancing the appear
section and broken away of a slightly modi?ed
ance of a person’s eyes.
but preferred embodiment of the invention. Fig.
The invention has as an object the provision
10 is a section on the line A—-A of Fig. 9. Fig. 11
of an improved eyelash curler having manipulat
is a front elevational view of the movable jaw
able bell crank levers for actuating a slidably of the preferred embodiment according to Figs. 9
guided movable jaw towards a complementary and 10 and Fig. 12 is a sectional and fragmentary
10 clamping portion of a companion stationary jaw.
View of another slightly modi?ed form.
10
The invention has as a further object the pro
In the drawing, the eyelash curler according
vision of a novel eyelash curler comprising a sta
to Figs. 1 to 6 inclusive is generally designated in
tionary jaw having depending slotted sides adapt
ed to guide a slidable jaw operatively connected
15 to control means comprising opposed pivoted bell
crank levers having depending manipulatable
arms retaining depending portions of a spring
for‘ normally holding the slidable jaw retracted.
The invention has as another object the pro
20 vision of a movable jaw having a substantially
spheroidal shaped upper marginal portion carry
ing a grooved or channeled resilient member hav
ing a striation cooperating with a beveled face
25
of the stationary jaw for appropriately crimping
eyelashes.
The invention has as another object the pro
vision of a movably guided jaw having an upper
portionprovided with an expanded portion com
prising a plurality‘ of outwardly extending lugs,
the adjacent lugs of the plurality extending in
opposite directions and the alternate lugs'thereof
extending in the same direction, the lugs forming
a seat for appropriately retaining a channeled
resilient member having a longitudinal disposed
35 striation and including spaced sides cooperating
to closely‘straddle and ?rmly embrace the upper
portion of the movable jaw.
Other aspects, objects, advantages and features
of the invention are in' part obvious and in part
The present invention
will be best understood from the following dis
cussion of the several typical structural embodi
40 pointed out hereinafter.
ments, references being had to the accompany
ing drawing in which:
Fig. 1 is a front elevational view of the eyelash
curler according to one form of the invention.
Fig. 2 is. a side view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a sec
tional view taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1 but
on a larger scale. Fig. 4.- is an enlarged sectional
view taken on the line 4--4 of Fig. 1. Fig, 5 is a
reduced perspective view of the eyelash curler
shown in Fig, 1. Fig. 6 is an exploded view in
perspective showing the upper arms of the bell
crank levers disconnected from the movable jaw.
55 Fig. 7 is a fragmentary view of a modi?ed mov
and includes a frame or casing H comprising a
forwardly disposed wall l2 having rearwardly
extending spaced sides l3 each terminating in a
vertically disposed channel member it each hav~
ing an inwardly facing vertical groove or chan
nel 15 for slidably guiding the marginal portions
of a movable complementary arcuate clamping
law 16.
20
Interconnecting the spaced channeled mem
bers M of the frame and appropriately secured
to the walls of the grooves I5 thereof is an arm
ate brace or jaw ll having a lower hair crimp
ing beveled edge l8. For purposes of speci?ca
tion, jaw 11 may be considered as part of the
stationary frame or‘ casing ll.
Complementary clamping movable jaw I t is
provided with pin l9 which is operativelystrad~
dled by bifurcated or forked ends 2!] of the in
wardly disposed arms 2| of the spaced bell crank '
levers or control means generally designated 22
each having a relatively long depending arm or
handle ‘23.
Each bell crank lever has an elbow 24‘pivotally
mounted on a fulcrum post 25 ?xedly secured to
forward wall l2. To prevent sagging of a ful
crum post 25 each of the latter is supported in a
perforated lug 26 extending from a side wall 53
of the frame.
If the spaced manipulatable arms 23 are moved
40
towards each other, normally horizontally dis
posed arms 2! move upwardly and actuate pin i9
which is ?xedly connected to movable jaw it.
That is, bifurcated ends 20 abut pin l9 and con~
sequently jaw I6 is slidably displaced towards the
companion stationary jaw ll although guided in
the rectilinear channels 15 of the sides of the
frame.
During displacement of the movable jaw, pin 50
19 is slidably guided in a vertically disposed slot
21 of the front wall i2 and to prevent transverse
displacement of pin l9 relative to wall l2 and to
prevent buckling of the movable jaw, pin 19 has
its outer end upset to form a relatively wide re
55
2,134,731
2
taining head 28. Supplementing the action of
the retaining head 28 to prevent buckling of the
movable jaw, the latter is provided with a hori
zontal reinforcing or stiffening bead or rib 28’.
In accordance with the invention, means is pro~
vided for automatically retracting the movable
jaw after the latter has been moved towards the
companion stationary jaw. For this purpose an
inverted irregularly U shaped spring, generally
designated 29, is utilized.
This spring has its
upper curved corner portions 30 resting on spaced
posts 25. Integrally interconnecting corner por
tions 30 is a common offset horizontal interme
diate portion 3| appropriately anchored by a
15 rearwardly extending retaining lug 32 struck out
from front wall l2 of the frame. Depending
from each corner portion is a leg 33 con?ned
and retained within a vertical groove 34 of a
companion manipulator arm 23.
The action of
20 the spring is such that its legs normally diverge
the manipulating arms or handles 23 of the bell
crank levers and consequently movable jaw I6 is
normally in spaced vertical relation with the
companion stationary jaw I1.
25
Movable jaw l6 has an expanded upper mar
ginal portion in the form of a substantially
spheroidal shaped or bulbous head or seat 35 for
supporting an appropriately shaped resilient rub
ber block 36 having a longitudinally disposed
30 striation or slit 31 which cooperates with edge
18 of the stationary jaw to effectively crimp eye
lashes interposed therebetween.
More particularly resilient block or cushion 36
is provided with a longitudinal channel or groove
35 38 having inner surfaces closely and snugly em
bracing the arcuate faces of bulbous head 35
while lips 39 de?ned by the side walls of groove
38 ?rmly straddle the portion of the movable jaw
just below or adjacent expanded head 35. If
40 desired, block or bar 36 may be permanently
secured to expanded head 35 by a suitable adhe
sive, such as glue or the like.
According to the form illustrated in Figs. 7
and 8, the upper expanded part of movable jaw
I6 is provided with a series of diverging and sim
ilar lugs 40, the adjacent lugs extending in op
posite directions, while alternate lugs of the se
ries project in the same direction, the series of
lugs constituting a seat on which resilient stri
ated
ately
In
Figs.
and grooved rubber block 36 is appropri
secured.
the preferred embodiments illustrated in
9-12 inclusive, the slidable jaw I6 is without
a strengthening bead 28’ and each of the bell
such action limits retraction of the slidable jaw
l6 as clearly illustrated in Fig. 9.
In Figs. 9 to 11 inclusive, the resilient striated
block 36 is appropriately anchored to the slid
able jaw l6 by moulding the depending lips 39 CL
through the spaced perforations 46 provided in
the jaw 16.
According to the form illustrated in Fig. 12,
the slidable jaw I6 is of the type shown in Fig. 11
but the resilient block 36 is anchored in a slight
10
ly different fashion. In this connection, one of
the lips 39 includes a plurality of spaced projec
tions 41 which closely fit into the spaced openings
46 of the slidable jaw and these projections are
secured to the companion abutting lip 39 by a 15
suitable rubber cement or the like. In Fig. 12,
it will be also observed that the front wall l2
of the frame is provided with a vertical boss 48
having an inner vertical groove 49 in which bell
crank actuated pin I9 is slidably guided, the lower
portion of the groove 49 serves also to limit down
ward displacement of pin l9, and consequently,
the slidable jaw Hi. In other aspects, the con
structions according to Figs. 9-12 inclusive are
along the lines according to the form shown in 25
Fig. 1.
The foregoing disclosure has been given by way _
of example for clearness and understanding of
the method and means employed in carrying out
the principles of the invention and while certain 30
particular embodiments have been set forth and
illustrated, it is to be understood that other
modi?cations may be made within the scope of
the appended claims, the terms of the latter be
ing employed for the sake of clearness rather 7
than by way of limitation.
I claim:
1. In an eyelash curler, the combination of, a
frame comprising a stationary jaw, a slidably
guided jaw within said frame, opposed bell crank
levers pivoted to said frame and operatively con
nected to said slidable jaw for actuating the lat
ter towards said stationary jaw, and spring means
in part within said frame and in part retained
by said bell crank levers for normally holding
said slidable jaw spaced from said stationary jaw.
2. In an eyelash curler, the combination of, a
frame comprising a stationary jaw, a jaw slid
able relative to said stationary jaw, manipulatable
means pivotally carried by said frame and hav
ing an ‘operative connection with said slidable
jaw for displacing the latter towards said station
ary jaw, and spring means comprising an inter
mediate portion retained within said frame and
integrally connected end portions coacting with
crank levers is normally urged outwardly by an
associated spring 42 having a coiled intermediate
portion 43 encircling a fulcrum post 25 carried
by the frame. Each spring 42 also includes a
free upper offset end portion 44 resiliently abut
said frame and said manipulatable means to nor
ting a side wall l3 of the frame while a respec
able relative vto said stationary jaw, bell crank
levers each having an elbow pivotally carried
by said frame, said levers each comprising an
tive depending free lower or end portion 45 of
the spaced springs 42 is retained in vertical groove
34 of an associated pivoted actuating arm 23 and
imparts an outwardly directed force against the
65 latter for normally holding the slidable jaw re
tracted. In actual practice, it has been found
that supporting lugs 26 of the type illustrated
in Fig. 3 need not be employed and accordingly
these lugs have been eliminated from the em
70 bodiments illustrated in Figs. 9 and 10 and in the
latter vertical guide slot 21 of the type shown in
Fig. 1 also need not be employed and hence pin
19 is free of the front wall l2 of the frame (see
Fig. 10). It follows therefore that handles 23
75 cooperate and abut side walls I3 of the frame and
mally urge the latter to sustain said slidable jaw
away from said stationary jaw.
3. In an eyelash curler, the combination of, a
frame comprising a stationary jaw, a jaw slid 60
arm having an operative connection with said
movable jaw and a depending arm disposed be
low said frame and spring means comprising
end portions cooperating with said depending
arms and frame to normally hold said slidable
jaw spaced from said stationary jaw.
4. In an eyelash curler, the combination of, 70
a frame comprising slotted sides, a stationary
jaw interconnecting said sides, a slidable jaw
slidably guided by said sides, bell crank levers
having an elbow pivotally carried by said frame,
said levers each comprising an arm having an 75
2,134,731
" operative connection
_
with saidslidable jaw and
3
a depending manipulatable arm extending below
holding said resilient member away from a com
said frame and spring means in part cooperating
jaw.
with said frame and having depending portions
cooperating with said depending arms to nor
mally‘ hold said slidable jaw in spaced relation
with said stationary jaw.
plementary clamping portion of said stationary
11. In an eyelash curler, the combination of,
a frame having an arcuate stationary jaw, an
arcuate reinforced jaw slidably guided in said
frame comprising slotted sides, a movable jaw
frame and comprising an enlarged curved mar
ginal portion, a striated and grooved resilient
member secured to said portion, opposed bell
upper expanded portion, a striated resilient
member closely embracing said expanded por
tion, bell crank levers pivotally carried by said
comprising an actuating arm operatively con
nected to said slidable jaw and a depending arm
5. In an eyelash curler, the combination of, a
10 slidably guided by said sides and comprising an
frame and operatively connected to said mov~
able jaw and spring means cooperating with
said frame and with said levers to normally hold
said movable jaw away from said stationary jaw.
6. In an eyelash curler, the combination of, a
frame having a stationary jaw, a slidable jaw
20 guided in said frame, bell crank levers pivotally
carried by said frame and operatively connected
to said slidable jaw for moving the latter to
wards said stationary jaw and automatic means
cooperating with said levers to normally re
tract said slidable jaw from said stationary jaw.
7 . In an eyelash curler, the combination of, a
frame having a stationary jaw, a jaw slidably
guided in said frame and comprising an enlarged
curved marginal portion, a striated resilient
member secured to said marginal portion, bell
crank levers pivotally carried by said frame for
moving said resilient member against said sta
tionary jaw, and spring means having ends co
operating with said levers to normally hold said
“ resilient member away from said stationary jaw.
crank levers pivotally carried by said frame each 10
extending below said frame, said depending arms
being displaceable towards each other to move
said slidable jaw towards said stationary jaw 15
and spring means carried by said frame com
prising depending portions cooperating with said
depending arms to urge the latter away from
each other to move said slidable jaw away from
said stationary jaw.
12. In an eyelash curler, the combination of,
a frame having an arcuate stationary jaw, an
arcuate jaw slidably guided in said frame, op
posed bell crank levers pivotally carried by said
frame each comprising an arm operatively con
nected to said slidable jaw and a depending ma
25
nipulating grooved arm extending below said
frame, said depending arms being displaceable
towards each other to move said slidable jaw
towards said stationary jaw and spring means 30
having- depending portions retained in said
grooved arms for normally urging the latter out
wardly to hold said slidable jaw away from a
complementary clamping portion of said station
ary jaw.
8. In an eyelash curler, the combination of, a
frame having an arcuate stationary jaw, an ar
35
13. In an eyelash curler, the combination of,
cuate jaw slidably guided in said frame and a frame having a stationary jaw, a slidable jaw
comprising a plurality of diverging lugs, a stri- ' guided in said frame, a post secured to said slid
ated resilient grooved member seated on said able jaw, opposed bell crank levers pivotally car
lugs and closely embracing a portion of said ried by said frame each comprising a bifurcated
slidable jaw, manipulatable bell crank levers plv~ arm straddling said post, said bell crank levers
otally carried by said frame and operatively con— each having a grooved depending arm extend
ing below said frame, said depending arms being
nected to said slidable jaw for moving said resil
ient member against said stationary jaw and displaceable towards each other to shift said
spring means for normally holding said slidable slidable jaw towards said stationary jaw, and
jaw away from said stationary jaw to retract spring means having end portions cooperating
with said frame and grooved arms for normally
said resilient member from the latter.
9. In an eyelash curler, the combination of, a urging the latter outwardly to sustain said slid
frame having a stationary jaw, a jaw slidably able jaw in spaced relation with said stationary
jaw.
guided in said frame and comprising an expand
14. The curler according to claim 13 in which
ed portion, a striated and grooved resilient mem
ber secured to said portion, bell crank levers said post is slidably displaceable relative to said
pivotally carried by said frame and operatively frame and carries means cooperating with a for
(17' C21 connected to said slidable jaw for bodily moving
ward wall of the latter to prevent buckling of
said striated member against said stationary said slidable viaw.
jaw, an irregularly shaped spring having an in~
15. The curler according to claim 13 in which
termediate portion retained by said frame and said bifurcated arms are disposed in overlapped
comprising spaced depending portions cooper
relation about said post and said slidable jaw
(50 ating with said levers and retained by the latter is provided with a longitudinally disposed stiff
60
for normally holding said resilient member away eninar rib.
from said stationary jaw.
10. In an eyelash curler, the combination of,
a frame having a stationary jaw, a jaw slidably
65 guided in said frame and comprising an expand
ed upper portion having spaced diverging lugs, a
striated and grooved resilient member secured to
said portion and seated on said lugs, pivoted bell
crank levers operatively connected to‘ said slid
able jaw for bodily shifting said striated resil
ient member against said stationary jaw, an ir
regularly shaped spring having an intermediate
portion retained by said frame and comprising
spaced depending portions cooperating with said
75 levers and retained by the latter for normally
16. In an eyelash curler. the combination of.
a frame comprising a stationary jaw, a slidable
perforated jaw guided within said frame, a re
silient member closely embra cing the upper mar
gin of said slidable jaw and having spaced de
pending lips mouldably interconnected through
said perforations, bell crank levers pivotally as
sociated with said frame and operatively con
nected to said slidable jaw, and spring means
cooperating with said levers to normally hold
said slidable jaw away from said stationary jaw.
17. In an eyelash curler, the combination of,
a frame comprising a stationary jaw having
grooved sides, a slidable perforated jaw having
75
4-
2,134,731
marginal portions vertically guided by said
grooved sides, a resilient member closely em
bracing the upper margin of said slidable jaw
and having a pair of spaced depending lips, one
of said lips having spaced projections adapted.
to be received in the perforations of said slid
able jaw, adhesive means for securing said pro
jections to the companion lip of said pair, bell
crank levers pivotally associated with said frame
and operatively connected to said slidable jaw
and spring means cooperating with said levers to
normally hold said slidable jaw away from said 5
stationary jaw.
CHARLES M. PALMER. I
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