Патент USA US2134762код для вставки
Nov. 1, 2,134,762 J. JACOBS HAiR-GURLER FileQ Sept. 16, 1937 - y BY INVENTOR. do? \./14C 055 ‘ _ 1%? I . I TTORNEY. ‘ 2,134,762 Patented Nov. 1, 1938 UNITED STATES ' PATENT OFFICE 2,134,762 _ . HAIR OUBLER Joseph Jacobs, Bridgeport, Conn., asaignor to The Hayes Donahue Manufacturing 60., Inc., Milford, Conn, a corporation of Connecticut Application September 16, 1937, Serial No. 164,114 10 Claim. (Cl. 132-33) This invention relates to improvements in hair the‘ hair pin 9 in itsnon-clamping or normal po sition on the mandrel. When the members l0 to a curler or the"'typerimwhichamhagpin is and II are operated to adjust the hair pin ,to its activated by the operation of a curler to‘clai?‘fwelampiwpngoperative position with respect to a strand of hair and remain in its clamping posi the strand of hairfthe‘ member-i0, as vwill be seen tion thereon after the curler has been removed. from the following description, has imparted An object of the invention is to provide an im thereto by the member I I coordinate longitudinal proved curler of the type referred to, which is of and rotary movements relative to the mandrel, simple, practical and economical construction while the member ll has only a longitudinal andwherein two hairpin-supporting members movement the initial and major portion of which cooperate to adjust the pin from a non-clamping is made relative to the member l0. During said to a clamping position with respect to a strand initial movement of the member II, the pin 9 is of hair wound upon, the mandrel of the curler. projected from its normal position along the The above and other objects will appear more mandrel and toward the strand of‘ hair, and dur clearly from the following detailed description ing this movement the member l0 operates to when taken in connection with the accompany spread the shanks of the pin so that they will ing drawing which illustrates a preferred em extend along the inner and outer convolutions of bodiment of the inventive idea. the curled strand- After the pin has been thus In the drawing: adjusted by‘the longitudinal movement of the Figure 1 is an elevation, partly in longitudinal member ll relative to the member i0 and the pin has almost reached its clamping position, the section, of a hair curler constructed in accord ance with the invention and showing the parts member ID is engaged by the member I I and fur in position prior to the application of a hair pin ther movement of the latter to its extreme oper ated position also imparts a longitudinal move to a strand of hair wound upon the curler. Figure 2 is a view similar to Figure 1 showing ment to the member ID. Simultaneously, the the elements of the curler in operated position latter member is also rotated and this rotation and with the hair pin applied to the strand. _ is designed for the purpose of releasing the hair Figure-3 is a fragmentary horizontal section pin 9 from the member It to permit the spread through the curler taken substantially on the line or outer shank of the hair pin to assume its nor 3-3 oi.’ Figure 5. mal position in which it will co-operate with its Figures 4 and 5 are transverse sections on the other shank to clamp the strand of hair there lines and 5—5, respectively, of Figure 1, between. when this has been accomplished, the ‘waving appliances and has particular reference 5 10 15 20 30 and ' Figure 2. 15 20 25 30 members i0 and II are restored to their normal . Figure 6 “is a similar view on the line 6—5 of 35 10 ' . Referring “more particularly to the drawing, positions and the strand of hair with the pin thereon is removed from the mandrel. 35 The member l0 partially embraces the mandrel the curler is shown as comprising a tubular man ‘I and is provided with a; beveled ‘peripheral por drel ‘I which-may be made of any light material. tion I! the purpose of which will presently ap pear. Said member is cut to provide an opening At one. end of the mandrel the same is provided 4O with opposed slots 8. forming an opening into which an end of a strand of hair may be inserted preparatory to winding said strand '- upon the mandrel as indicated in Figure 1. - In accordance with ‘the present invention, 45 means are providedfor receiving and supporting a hair pin 8, such as the well known “bobby pin", on the mandrel preliminary to winding the strand of , ir thereon and after this ‘winding operation has' ; completed, said means are operable to 50 adjust the hair pin 9 from a non-clamping to a clamping position relative to the strand of hair. As shown, said means comprises two co-operating members II and II each of which is substantially in the form of_a collar through which the man 55 drel passesand both of which combine to support l3 which, in the normal position of the member, 40 is out of alignment with the pin 9, but when said member is rotated said opening I3 is brought into. alignment with the pin so that the closed end of the latter may be projected through the member at‘ the termination of the longitudinal movement 45 thereof and thus permit the bight of the pin to engage the adjacent edge of the strand of hair. In order that the described rotary movement may be imparted to the member III the latter carries a pin I I which projects 'into a spiral slot l5 formed 50 in the mandrel. when the member 10 has been actuated to the position of Figure 2 in which the opening I 3 has beenbrought into alignment with the pin 9 means are provided for restoring the member I. to its normal position of Figure 1 2 2,184,762 after pressure against the member is relieved by the operator releasing the grip upon the mem ber II. This means is in‘ the form of a spring i6 coiled about a rod I1 extending longitudinally of the interior of the mandrel, with one end of the spring secured to the mandrel and the other abutting against the pin H. The movement of the member l0 toward the strand of hair com presses said spring and when pressure against 10 said member is relieved the spring It acts to restore said member ill to its normal position. The member ll completely encircles the man ,drel ‘I and is provided with a pin H! the inner ber I0 is thus relieved the spring I6 will restore said member to its normal position. The strand of hair with the pin clamped thereon may now be removed from the mandrel by an outward pres sure against the closed end of the pin toward the free end of the mandrel. What is claimed is: , 1. In a hair curler, av mandrel upon which a strand of hair is wound, and cooperating mem bers normally spaced along the mandrel and sup 10 porting a hair pin relative to said mandrel for application to said strand, one of said members having an initial longitudinal movement relative end of which projects into a groove is formed to the other and both having subsequent unitary 15 in the mandrel 'l and extending from a point movements with respect to said mandrel to trans 15 adjacent the left hand end of the mandrel as fer said pin from its supported position onto viewed in Figure 1 to the other. extremity there- , said strand. 2. In a hair curler, a mandrel upon which a of. By the engagement of the pin iii in said groove the member I l‘ is permitted to slide along strand of hair is wound, and cooperating mem bers normally spacedon said mandrel for sup 20 20 “the mandrel but is prevented from having a ro tary movement with respect thereto. 'The mem ber Ii is provided with an enlargement 20' hav ing a recess 2| therein adapted to receive the closed end or bight of the pin 9 when the latter is being mounted in position preparatory to its application to the strand of hair. In mounting the pin 9 on the mandrel between the members l0 and Ii, the free extremity of one of the shanks ofv the pin.9 is ?rst inserted into the portion of the groove [9 then encircled by the member I0, and the extremity of the other shank is separated from the ?rst extremity and rests upon the periphery of the member iii. The ?rst or inner shank then engages in the groove is and the closed end or bight of said pin extends into the recess 2| of the member Ii. With the pin thus supported, the strand of hair is wound upon the outer end of the mandrel and when this winding operation has been completed the op erator ?rst grasps the member H and’ moves the same toward the member in. As said member II approaches the member ID the inner shank oi’ the pin travels along the groove 19 and is thus projected into the curled strand of hair. ‘At the porting opposite end portions of a hair pin pre liminary to its application to said strand, said members being successively movable relative to said mandrel when applying said pin to said strand and one of said members having means 25 to spread the shanks of said pin during the move ment of the other member. 3. In a hair curler, a mandrel upon which a strand of hair is wound, and cooperating mem bers supporting a hair pin preliminary to its ap plication to said strand, one of said members having an initial movement relative to the other when applying said pin to said strand and there after actuating the other member to transfer said pin from its supported position onto said strand. 35 4. In a hair curler, a mandrel upon which a strand of hair is wound, and cooperating mem bers supporting a hair pin relative to said man drel for application to said strand, one of said members having only a longitudinal movement 40 relative to said mandrel and the other member having coordinate longitudinal and rotary move ments with respect to the longitudinal axis of said mandrel, said members coacting during the ~ same time the outer shank of the pin passes movements thereof to transfer said pin from its over the member in and as the member ll nears supported position onto said strands. said member in the spread of the outer shank 5. In a hair curler, a mandrel upon which a increases so that its passage over the outer sur strand of hair is wound, normally spaced pin face of the strand of hair will be insured. By providing the member ill with the beveled por supporting members mounted for movements on said mandrel, one of said members having a tion I! it will be obvious that the spread imparted to the shank will not be unduly increased as the member ll approaches the member in. Until the longitudinal movement and the other coordinate longitudinal and rotary movements effected by member I 1 comes into contact with the member III the latter has no movement imparted there contact of the ?rst named member with the sec ond member during a portion of the movement of the former, the movements of said members 55 to, but when said engagement is. effected, and the operator continues to exert pressure against the transferring the pin supported thereby onto said strand. member I i , the member ill will also be moved lon 6. In a hair curler, a mandrel upon which a strand of hair is wound, a pin-supporting mem ber slidable on said mandrel and having means 60 gitudinally until the pin ll engages the outer end of the slot l5. During this movement, as previ ously described, the member I0 is rotated and in so doing the opening i3 is brought into alignment with the pin 9. This occurs as the member ID reaches the right hand extremity of its move ment and when the opening and pin are so aligned theouter shank of said pin is permitted to restore to its normal condition in which it will cooperate with the inner shank to clamp the strand of ' hair therebetween. At this time the closed end 70 oi.’ the pin will have been projected through the opening l3 and into engagement with the adja cent edge of. the strand of hair so that the'pin will be in its proper clamping position. The op erator now withdraws the member H to its nor 76 mal position and when the pressure on the mem to spread the shanks of said pin and further having an opening normally out of alignment with said pin when'the latter is in its supported position, means to impart rotary movement to said member during its sliding movement so as to align said opening with said pin, and a sec ond pin-supporting member slidable on said mandrel and operable during its sliding move ment to propel said pin toward a clamping po sition relative to said strand, the spreading 70 means of the ?rst named member then acting to further spread said shanks, said second mem ber thereafter contacting said ?rst member to slide the same and thereby cause said second named means to also rotate said ?rst member 75 2,184,762 to render said spreading means ine?ective and align said pin with said opening so that the shanks of the pin will clamp said strand. 7. In a hair curler, a mandrel upon which a strand of hair is wound and which is provided with a longitudinal groove for the reception of a shank of a hair pin, said mandrel further hav ing a spiral slot therein, a pin-supporting mem ber slidably mounted on said mandrel and hav ing a pin engaging in said slot, said member being engaged by the other shank of the hair pin in the normal position of said member to maintain the shanks of the pin separated, a second pin-supporting member slidably mounted 15 on said mandrel normally spaced from the ?rst named supporting member, said second member having means to engage the closed end of said hair pin and further having a pin engaged in the groove in said mandrel to prevent turning 20 movement oi.’ said member, said second member being initially slidable along said mandrel in the direction of the ?rst named supporting mem ber to force said pin toward a clamping position relative to said strand, and thereafter contact 25 ing said ?rst named supporting member to slide the latter and thereby e?’ect its rotation through 3 of alignment with a hair pin disposed on said mandrel between said members, and a connec tion between said mandrel and other member operable to rotate the latter during its unitary movement with the ?rst named member so as to align said opening with said hair pin. 9. In a hair curler, a mandrel upon which a strand of hair is wound, normally spaced col lars embracing said mandrel and supporting a hair pin therebetween, one of said collars being 10 movable along said mandrel into engagement with the other collar so as to also propel the latter along the mandrel, said other collar hav ing its periphery engaged by a shank of said pin so as to spread said shank during initial 15 movement ‘ of the ?rst named collar relative thereto, and further having an opening normally out, of alignment with said pin and through which the latter passes onto the strand of hair, and coacting means between said mandrel and 20 said other collar to rotate the latter about the mandrel when it is propelled therealong by the ?rst named collar so as to align said opening with said pin. , 10. In a hair curler, a mandrel upon which 25 a strand of hair is wound, normally spaced col the medium of said spiral slot so as to disengage lars embracing said mandrel and supporting a the second named shank of said pin from the hair pin therebetween, one of said collars being ?rst named supporting member so that both movable along said mandrel into engagement 30 shanks of the pin will engage and clamp the 'with the other collar so as to also propel the strand of hair, and a spring acting to restore latter along the mandrel, said other collar hav 30 the ?rst named pin-supporting member to its ing its periphery engaged by a shank of said pin normal position after the hair pin is in clamp so as to spread said shank during initial move ing engagement with said strand. ment of the ?rst named collar relative thereto, 35 8. In a hair curler, a mandrel upon which a and further having an opening normally out of strand of hair is wound, normally spaced pin alignment with said pin and through which the 35 supporting members mounted for movements on latter passes onto the strand of hair, and a pin said mandrel, one of said members being initially and spiral slot connection between said man movable relative to the other along said man drel and said other collar to e?’ect rotation of 40 drel and into engagement with the latter mem the latter about the mandrel as said collar is ber, and the two members being thereafter mov propelled by the ?rst named collar to thereby 40 able in unison along the mandrel, said other member having an ‘opening therein normally out align said opening with said pin. JOSEPH JACOBS.