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Патент USA US2134762

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Nov. 1,
2,134,762
J. JACOBS
HAiR-GURLER
FileQ Sept. 16, 1937
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2,134,762
Patented Nov. 1, 1938
UNITED STATES '
PATENT OFFICE
2,134,762
_
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HAIR OUBLER
Joseph Jacobs, Bridgeport, Conn., asaignor to
The Hayes Donahue Manufacturing 60., Inc.,
Milford, Conn, a corporation of Connecticut
Application September 16, 1937, Serial No. 164,114
10 Claim.
(Cl. 132-33)
This invention relates to improvements in hair
the‘ hair pin 9 in itsnon-clamping or normal po
sition on the mandrel. When the members l0
to a curler or the"'typerimwhichamhagpin is and II are operated to adjust the hair pin ,to its
activated by the operation of a curler to‘clai?‘fwelampiwpngoperative position with respect to
a strand of hair and remain in its clamping posi
the strand of hairfthe‘ member-i0, as vwill be seen
tion thereon after the curler has been removed. from the following description, has imparted
An object of the invention is to provide an im
thereto by the member I I coordinate longitudinal
proved curler of the type referred to, which is of and rotary movements relative to the mandrel,
simple, practical and economical construction while the member ll has only a longitudinal
andwherein two hairpin-supporting members movement the initial and major portion of which
cooperate to adjust the pin from a non-clamping is made relative to the member l0. During said
to a clamping position with respect to a strand initial movement of the member II, the pin 9 is
of hair wound upon, the mandrel of the curler. projected from its normal position along the
The above and other objects will appear more mandrel and toward the strand of‘ hair, and dur
clearly from the following detailed description ing this movement the member l0 operates to
when taken in connection with the accompany
spread the shanks of the pin so that they will
ing drawing which illustrates a preferred em
extend along the inner and outer convolutions of
bodiment of the inventive idea.
the curled strand- After the pin has been thus
In the drawing:
adjusted by‘the longitudinal movement of the
Figure 1 is an elevation, partly in longitudinal member ll relative to the member i0 and the
pin has almost reached its clamping position, the
section, of a hair curler constructed in accord
ance with the invention and showing the parts member ID is engaged by the member I I and fur
in position prior to the application of a hair pin ther movement of the latter to its extreme oper
ated position also imparts a longitudinal move
to a strand of hair wound upon the curler.
Figure 2 is a view similar to Figure 1 showing ment to the member ID. Simultaneously, the
the elements of the curler in operated position latter member is also rotated and this rotation
and with the hair pin applied to the strand. _
is designed for the purpose of releasing the hair
Figure-3 is a fragmentary horizontal section pin 9 from the member It to permit the spread
through the curler taken substantially on the line or outer shank of the hair pin to assume its nor
3-3 oi.’ Figure 5.
mal position in which it will co-operate with its
Figures 4 and 5 are transverse sections on the other shank to clamp the strand of hair there
lines
and 5—5, respectively, of Figure 1, between. when this has been accomplished, the
‘waving appliances and has particular reference
5
10
15
20
30
and
'
Figure 2.
15
20
25
30
members i0 and II are restored to their normal
.
Figure 6 “is a similar view on the line 6—5 of
35
10
'
.
Referring “more particularly to the drawing,
positions and the strand of hair with the pin
thereon is removed from the mandrel.
35
The member l0 partially embraces the mandrel
the curler is shown as comprising a tubular man
‘I and is provided with a; beveled ‘peripheral por
drel ‘I which-may be made of any light material.
tion I! the purpose of which will presently ap
pear. Said member is cut to provide an opening
At one. end of the mandrel the same is provided
4O with opposed slots 8. forming an opening into
which an end of a strand of hair may be inserted
preparatory to winding said strand '- upon the
mandrel as indicated in Figure 1.
-
In accordance with ‘the present invention,
45 means are providedfor receiving and supporting
a hair pin 8, such as the well known “bobby pin",
on the mandrel preliminary to winding the strand
of , ir thereon and after this ‘winding operation
has' ; completed, said means are operable to
50 adjust the hair pin 9 from a non-clamping to a
clamping position relative to the strand of hair.
As shown, said means comprises two co-operating
members II and II each of which is substantially
in the form of_a collar through which the man
55 drel passesand both of which combine to support
l3 which, in the normal position of the member, 40
is out of alignment with the pin 9, but when said
member is rotated said opening I3 is brought into.
alignment with the pin so that the closed end of
the latter may be projected through the member
at‘ the termination of the longitudinal movement 45
thereof and thus permit the bight of the pin to
engage the adjacent edge of the strand of hair.
In order that the described rotary movement may
be imparted to the member III the latter carries a
pin I I which projects 'into a spiral slot l5 formed 50
in the mandrel. when the member 10 has been
actuated to the position of Figure 2 in which the
opening I 3 has beenbrought into alignment with
the pin 9 means are provided for restoring the
member I. to its normal position of Figure 1
2
2,184,762
after pressure against the member is relieved
by the operator releasing the grip upon the mem
ber II.
This means is in‘ the form of a spring
i6 coiled about a rod I1 extending longitudinally
of the interior of the mandrel, with one end of
the spring secured to the mandrel and the other
abutting against the pin H. The movement of
the member l0 toward the strand of hair com
presses said spring and when pressure against
10 said member is relieved the spring It acts to
restore said member ill to its normal position.
The member ll completely encircles the man
,drel ‘I and is provided with a pin H! the inner
ber I0 is thus relieved the spring I6 will restore
said member to its normal position. The strand
of hair with the pin clamped thereon may now
be removed from the mandrel by an outward pres
sure against the closed end of the pin toward the
free end of the mandrel.
What is claimed is:
,
1. In a hair curler, av mandrel upon which a
strand of hair is wound, and cooperating mem
bers normally spaced along the mandrel and sup 10
porting a hair pin relative to said mandrel for
application to said strand, one of said members
having an initial longitudinal movement relative
end of which projects into a groove is formed to the other and both having subsequent unitary
15 in the mandrel 'l and extending from a point movements with respect to said mandrel to trans 15
adjacent the left hand end of the mandrel as fer said pin from its supported position onto
viewed in Figure 1 to the other. extremity there- , said strand.
2. In a hair curler, a mandrel upon which a
of. By the engagement of the pin iii in said
groove the member I l‘ is permitted to slide along strand of hair is wound, and cooperating mem
bers normally spacedon said mandrel for sup 20
20 “the mandrel but is prevented from having a ro
tary movement with respect thereto. 'The mem
ber Ii is provided with an enlargement 20' hav
ing a recess 2| therein adapted to receive the
closed end or bight of the pin 9 when the latter
is being mounted in position preparatory to its
application to the strand of hair. In mounting
the pin 9 on the mandrel between the members
l0 and Ii, the free extremity of one of the
shanks ofv the pin.9 is ?rst inserted into the
portion of the groove [9 then encircled by the
member I0, and the extremity of the other shank
is separated from the ?rst extremity and rests
upon the periphery of the member iii. The ?rst
or inner shank then engages in the groove is and
the closed end or bight of said pin extends into
the recess 2| of the member Ii. With the pin
thus supported, the strand of hair is wound upon
the outer end of the mandrel and when this
winding operation has been completed the op
erator ?rst grasps the member H and’ moves the
same toward the member in. As said member
II approaches the member ID the inner shank
oi’ the pin travels along the groove 19 and is thus
projected into the curled strand of hair. ‘At the
porting opposite end portions of a hair pin pre
liminary to its application to said strand, said
members being successively movable relative to
said mandrel when applying said pin to said strand and one of said members having means 25
to spread the shanks of said pin during the move
ment of the other member.
3. In a hair curler, a mandrel upon which a
strand of hair is wound, and cooperating mem
bers supporting a hair pin preliminary to its ap
plication to said strand, one of said members
having an initial movement relative to the other
when applying said pin to said strand and there
after actuating the other member to transfer said
pin from its supported position onto said strand. 35
4. In a hair curler, a mandrel upon which a
strand of hair is wound, and cooperating mem
bers supporting a hair pin relative to said man
drel for application to said strand, one of said
members having only a longitudinal movement 40
relative to said mandrel and the other member
having coordinate longitudinal and rotary move
ments with respect to the longitudinal axis of
said mandrel, said members coacting during the ~
same time the outer shank of the pin passes
movements thereof to transfer said pin from its
over the member in and as the member ll nears
supported position onto said strands.
said member in the spread of the outer shank
5. In a hair curler, a mandrel upon which a
increases so that its passage over the outer sur
strand of hair is wound, normally spaced pin
face of the strand of hair will be insured. By
providing the member ill with the beveled por
supporting members mounted for movements on
said mandrel, one of said members having a
tion I! it will be obvious that the spread imparted
to the shank will not be unduly increased as the
member ll approaches the member in. Until the
longitudinal movement and the other coordinate
longitudinal and rotary movements effected by
member I 1 comes into contact with the member
III the latter has no movement imparted there
contact of the ?rst named member with the sec
ond member during a portion of the movement
of the former, the movements of said members 55
to, but when said engagement is. effected, and the
operator continues to exert pressure against the
transferring the pin supported thereby onto said
strand.
member I i , the member ill will also be moved lon
6. In a hair curler, a mandrel upon which a
strand of hair is wound, a pin-supporting mem
ber slidable on said mandrel and having means 60
gitudinally until the pin ll engages the outer end
of the slot l5. During this movement, as previ
ously described, the member I0 is rotated and in
so doing the opening i3 is brought into alignment
with the pin 9. This occurs as the member ID
reaches the right hand extremity of its move
ment and when the opening and pin are so aligned
theouter shank of said pin is permitted to restore
to its normal condition in which it will cooperate
with the inner shank to clamp the strand of
' hair therebetween.
At this time the closed end
70 oi.’ the pin will have been projected through the
opening l3 and into engagement with the adja
cent edge of. the strand of hair so that the'pin
will be in its proper clamping position. The op
erator now withdraws the member H to its nor
76 mal position and when the pressure on the mem
to spread the shanks of said pin and further
having an opening normally out of alignment
with said pin when'the latter is in its supported
position, means to impart rotary movement to
said member during its sliding movement so as
to align said opening with said pin, and a sec
ond pin-supporting member slidable on said
mandrel and operable during its sliding move
ment to propel said pin toward a clamping po
sition relative to said strand, the spreading 70
means of the ?rst named member then acting
to further spread said shanks, said second mem
ber thereafter contacting said ?rst member to
slide the same and thereby cause said second
named means to also rotate said ?rst member 75
2,184,762
to render said spreading means ine?ective and
align said pin with said opening so that the
shanks of the pin will clamp said strand.
7. In a hair curler, a mandrel upon which a
strand of hair is wound and which is provided
with a longitudinal groove for the reception of
a shank of a hair pin, said mandrel further hav
ing a spiral slot therein, a pin-supporting mem
ber slidably mounted on said mandrel and hav
ing a pin engaging in said slot, said member
being engaged by the other shank of the hair
pin in the normal position of said member to
maintain the shanks of the pin separated, a
second pin-supporting member slidably mounted
15 on said mandrel normally spaced from the ?rst
named supporting member, said second member
having means to engage the closed end of said
hair pin and further having a pin engaged in
the groove in said mandrel to prevent turning
20 movement oi.’ said member, said second member
being initially slidable along said mandrel in the
direction of the ?rst named supporting mem
ber to force said pin toward a clamping position
relative to said strand, and thereafter contact
25 ing said ?rst named supporting member to slide
the latter and thereby e?’ect its rotation through
3
of alignment with a hair pin disposed on said
mandrel between said members, and a connec
tion between said mandrel and other member
operable to rotate the latter during its unitary
movement with the ?rst named member so as to
align said opening with said hair pin.
9. In a hair curler, a mandrel upon which
a strand of hair is wound, normally spaced col
lars embracing said mandrel and supporting a
hair pin therebetween, one of said collars being 10
movable along said mandrel into engagement
with the other collar so as to also propel the
latter along the mandrel, said other collar hav
ing its periphery engaged by a shank of said
pin so as to spread said shank during initial 15
movement ‘ of the ?rst named collar relative
thereto, and further having an opening normally
out, of alignment with said pin and through
which the latter passes onto the strand of hair,
and coacting means between said mandrel and 20
said other collar to rotate the latter about the
mandrel when it is propelled therealong by the
?rst named collar so as to align said opening
with said pin.
,
10. In a hair curler, a mandrel upon which 25
a strand of hair is wound, normally spaced col
the medium of said spiral slot so as to disengage lars embracing said mandrel and supporting a
the second named shank of said pin from the hair pin therebetween, one of said collars being
?rst named supporting member so that both movable along said mandrel into engagement
30 shanks of the pin will engage and clamp the
'with the other collar so as to also propel the
strand of hair, and a spring acting to restore latter along the mandrel, said other collar hav 30
the ?rst named pin-supporting member to its ing its periphery engaged by a shank of said pin
normal position after the hair pin is in clamp
so as to spread said shank during initial move
ing engagement with said strand.
ment of the ?rst named collar relative thereto,
35
8. In a hair curler, a mandrel upon which a
and further having an opening normally out of
strand of hair is wound, normally spaced pin
alignment with said pin and through which the 35
supporting members mounted for movements on latter passes onto the strand of hair, and a pin
said mandrel, one of said members being initially and spiral slot connection between said man
movable relative to the other along said man
drel and said other collar to e?’ect rotation of
40 drel and into engagement with the latter mem
the latter about the mandrel as said collar is
ber, and the two members being thereafter mov
propelled by the ?rst named collar to thereby 40
able in unison along the mandrel, said other
member having an ‘opening therein normally out
align said opening with said pin.
JOSEPH JACOBS.
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