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Патент USA US2134814

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Nov., l.,~ 1938.
H. P. ELLIOTT
2,134,814
ADDRESSING AND TABULATING MACHINE
Filed Sept. 14, 1955
e Smets-sheet 1
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Nov. 1,'1938.
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' H; P. ELLloTT
2,134,814
ADDRESSING AND TABULATING MACHINE
Filed sept. 14,- 1935 '
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s sheets-sheet 2 '
NOV-'1, 1938.
I
H. P. ELLloTT
2,134,814 `
ADDRESSING‘ AND TABULATING MACHINE
Filed sept. 14, 1935
6 Sheets-'Sheet 3
“S
Nov. 1, 1938.
H. P. ELLIOTT
`
ADDRESS‘ING >AND TABULATING MACHINE
2,134,814
Nov. l, 1938.
H. P. ELLIOTT
'
ADDRESSING AND TABULATING MACHINE
l
Filed Sept. 14, 1935
349
2,134,814
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Patented Nov. 1,1938
2,134,814
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,134,814'
ADDRESSING AND TABULATING MACHINE
‘
Harmon i?. Enma, Watertown, Mass.
Application September 14, 1935, Serial No. 40,609
34 Claims. (Cl. 101-58)
lating machine embodying the present invention.
This invention relates to addressing andl tabu
Fig. 2 is an' end elevation looking at the left
lating machines and especially wherein the ad
dresses and the data to be printed or tabulated
is contained ' n a series of printing plates or de
5
vices as stencils.
`
hand end of the machine of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a front elevation of the machine of
Fig. 1.
.
For certain classes of work as, for instance, the
’
'
’
5
. Fig. 4 is a sectional elevation taken transversely
through the printing position of the machine of
addressing of pension checks, the stencil in addi
,
tion to containing the address carries a form Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is a sectional ldetail taken along line 5--5
which can be perforated in parts corresponding
10 to the year, month, the contract number, the-- of Fig. 4 and illustrating particularly the lower 10
amount paid out or other desirable information
sheet feeding rolls.
.
,
Fig. 6 is a perspective detail of the disabling
pertaining to the address. The form, for in
stance, may consist of a series of horizontal lines ` mechanism for the sheet feeding rolls.
Fig. ‘7 is a detail plan View of the tabulating p
of numbers running from zero to nine, each line
l5
containing `repetitions of the same number and mechanism with the printing head removed.
Fig. 8 is a sectional detail taken along line 8-8
different lines containing different numbers, the `
numbers in the horizontal lines being arranged in
vertical registration. The stencil is adapted to
be perforated at selected numbers on selected
20 lines that provide the desired information per
of Fig. 7. '
` taining lto the address of the stencil. Hereto
fore, it has been necessary to run the stencils
from which addresses are taken through a tabu
` lating machine to record the information indi
25 cated by the perforations oi' the stencils.
the tabulating mechanism.
v
Fig. 9 is a sectional detail taken along line 9--9
of Fig. 8.
Fig. >10 is a perspective view of a type bar of 20
`
v
Fig. 11 is a perspective view of the type bar re
setting device of Fig. 8.
` i
Fig. 12 is a sectional detail taken Ialong line
|2--I2 of Fig. 3 and illustrating particularly the 25
operating mechanism for the tabulating printing
It is an object of the present invention to pro
vide a printingv machine wherein the tabulatingmechanism is a part of the addressing machine
head.
and the information indicated by the perforations
printed record made by the machine.
30 of the stencil can be recorded while the stencil is
‘
Fig. 13 is a detail illustrating a portion of the
Fig. 14 is a plan view of a stencil used with the 30
‘
in the addressing machine and preferably while machine.
The address and data bearing printing device
it is in addressing position so that the address and
the information provided by the perforations can especially adapted for use in connection with the
present invention comprises a stencil consisting of
be recorded simultaneously.
A further object of the invention is the» provi - a generally rectangularV stiff paper board frame
sion of an addressing machine having tabulating 20,1see Fig. 14, having in the upper portion a win
dow 22 occupied by the usual stencil sheet bearing
mechanism which is automatically set by the per
40
forations or the equivalent of the stencil or print
an address 24. . The stencil frame 20 under the
ing device to record the information indicated by
window is provided with a series of horizontal
lines 26 of numbers, each horizontal line contain 40
ing repetitions of the same number and diiferent
lines containing different numbers. There can>
the perforations.
`
-
y
A yet further object of the invention is the pro
vision of a printing machine having a plurality
of tabulating type bars the positions of which are
controlled by the perforations of the stencils when
45 they are in a predetermined position, as the print
lng position, so that a record of certain type ch'ar
acters on said bars selected by the stencil can be
recorded at the time the address of the stencil is
be, for instance, ten- horizontal lines containing
consecutive numbers from zero to nine. The
numbers contained in the horizontal lines are ar
ranged in vertical alignment and there may be as
many vertical lines 21 of numbers as may be de
sired, each vertical line containing a consecutive
being recorded, the type bars being automatically series of numbers from zero to nine.
The machine herein illustrated is adapted to 5o .
-50 reset into a normal position following each print
cooperate with stencils having forty or less verti
ing operation.
»f
V
A yet further object is generally to improve the . cal lines of numbers, this being sumcient for the
construction ol addressing and tabulating ma
chimes. '
till
`
Fig. l is a plan View of an addressing and tabu
present purpose. The `stencil is adapted to be
perforated as indicated by the perforations 2t at
selected numbers in selected vertical lines, the gg
aisasu
numbers land lines selected being such as to indi
cate the desired information. The perforations
operate to control a tabulating mechanism to
effect the printing, in a single line, of the` num
bers indicated by the perforations, the spacing of
printed numbers corresponding to the spacing be
tween the vertical perforated lines.
The printing and tabulating machine embody
ing the present invention and operating upon a
10 series of the above described stencils comprises
a table or bed 38 supported on top of a suitable
frame 32. A pair of horizontally spaced stencil
between and carried by the ears 52 of the bracket
54. 'I'he operating lever 58 is provided with an
upper horizontal part 96 that has a :cam face 88
.engaged by a cam roller |88 carried'by said arms
'82. The arrangement of the cam is such that as
the operating lever 58 is reciprocated the arms
92 and the printing roll 98 are reciprocated ver
tically so as to move the printing roll into and
out of pressure engagement with the stencil.
The inking mechanism for the printing roll is 10
located below the table 38 and forwardly of the
printing roll and is carried by a pair of brackets
supporting rails 34 constituting a stencil track
| 82, see especially Figs. 3 and 4, secured to and
or guideway are >disposed above the table 38 and
depending below the table 38. The inking mech
16 extend lengthwise of the table from the right to
the left hand end thereof. A stencil holder 38
is disposed above the stencil track at one end
thereof and is adapted to contain a pile of super
imposed stencils. A pusher 38 is reciprocable
lengthwise of the track and is arranged to move
the successive lowermost stencils of the holder
out of the holder and into and along the track,
the stencils being finally deposited in a stencil
receiver 48 located at and mainly below the other
end of the table and track.
Whereas in the usual stencil printing machine
the inked printingroll and the inking mechanism
are located above the table and the anvil or.
platen -is located below the table, in the present
machine the relation of the parts is reversed be
cause of the presence and arrangement of the
tabulating mechanism. Hence the printing roll
and inking mechanism are below the table and
the anvil or platen is above the table. The anvil
35 or platen 42, see especially Figs. l, 2 and 4, has
a ñat lower face and is secured to the forward
ends of arms 44 that are carried by a reciprocat
ing loop frame 46 having a horizontally elongated
passage 48 therethrough for a vweb of paper, the
frame being pivoted above the table on a horizon
tal shaft 58 carried by upstanding ears 52 of a
bracket 54' secured to the underface of the table.
Said bracket has depending ears 55 located be
anism includes a drum |84 located between said
brackets and fixed to a shaft |86 that is freely
rotatable in said brackets. A transfer roll |88
is fixed to a shaft ||8 that is journalled in boxes
||2 that are slidable toward and away from the
drum |84, the boxes being urged toward said
drum by springs II4, thereby to maintain the
transfer roll |88 in continuous rotatable engage
ment with the drum |84. The transfer roll is
located between said drum and the printing roll
88 and is so arranged that when the printing roll 25
is in its low position itis in rotatable engagement
with -the transfer roll and is rotated thereby so
that the surface of the printing roll receives a
coating of ink. When the printing roll moves
-upwardly 'on a printing operation it moves out 30
of contact with the transfer roll.
An ink spreading roll II6 is located in rotat
able engagement with the drum |84 on the front
side thereof. Said spreading roll is fixed to a
shaft ||8 that is rotatable and axially movable 35
in bearing boxes |28, see especially Fig. 3, carried
by and adjustable in said brackets |82 toward
and away from the drum | 84 so as to maintain
said transfer roll in rolling engagement with the
drum. The shaft | I8 is reciprocated axially by
a worm |22 fixed to the shaft |I8 and meshing
with a worm gear |24 journalled on a frame |26
that straddles the worm and is free for axial
neath the table in which an oscillating shaft 58, _ movement with the shaft.
see also Fig. 4, is journalled. Said shaft is oscil
lated by an operating lever 58 which is fixed to
sald shaft and has a pivotal connection with the
upper end of a connecting rod 68, the lower end
of the connecting rod being reciprocated by the
continuously rotating shaft 62 of a power mecha
nism 84 well known in the art and not necessary
to explain in greater detail. Said shaft is driven
through meshing large and small gears 68 and 68
by a pulley 18 that is rotated by a motor 12. Ro
tation of the shaft 62 is under control of clutch
65 mechanism operated by the treadle 1.4.
The operating lever 58, see especially Fig. 4,
is provided with cam surfaces 1B, 'I8 and 88 which
cooperate with a cam roller 82 adjustably carried
by the lower end of a depending arm 84 of the
loop frame 46, the roller being held in constant
engagement with the cam surfaces by a tension
spring 86 connected with said arm 84. The ar
rangement is such that as said operating lever 58
is reciprocated vertically the loop frame and the
platen are caused to be reciprocated to move the
platen into and out of cooperative relation with
the stencil sheet of the stencil.
, The printing mechanism includes an ink-bear
70 ing printing roller 88 which is located beneath
the stencil track and under the platen 42. Said
roller is journalled on a shaft 98 that is carried
by and is located betweenthe upstanding for
ward ends of a pair of arms 92, the rear ends
76 of said arms being pivoted on a shaft 94 extended
The worm gear |24
-
is eccentrically pivotally connected to one end
of a connecting rod |28, the other end of which 45
is pivoted at |38 to one of the brackets |82 so
that as the worm gear is rotated the frame |26
and hence the worm |22 and the shaft II8 are
caused to be reciprocated. An ink -fountain or
ink containing roll |32 is rotatably carried by for
wardly extended arms |34 journalled on the shaft
|86 of the drum |84. Said ink roll when desired
is adapted to make rolling engagement with the
transfer roll IIE. A spring |36 is in engagement
with said arms |34l and serves to maintain the
ink roll normally out of engagement with the
transfer roll. An arm I 38 is associated with said
arms |34 and ink roll and is terminated at the
front of the machine and is adapted to be de
pressed to move the ink roll downwardly into roll
ing contact with the transfer roll so as to renew
the ink supply to the printing roll 88 upon need.
The shaft I I8 of the transfer roll is rotated con
tinuously by means Vof a pulley |48 which is driven
by a belt |42 of the spring coil type which passes
around a pulley |44 fixed to'a jack shaft |46,
see especially Fig. 2. Said jack shaft is rotated
by means of a pulley |48 that is fixed thereto and
is engaged by a belt |58 similar 4to the belt |42 70
that passes around a pulley |52 fixed to the gear
shaft 69 of the power mechanism 64.
The stencil pusher 38, see Figs. 1, 2 and 4, is
reciprocated by a link |54 one end of which is
pivoted to the pusher and the other end of which 75
3
2,134,814
is pivoted to they forwardly extended arm |56 hav
tion 206 that extends to the front of the `machine
lng a hub |58 journalled on a vertical stud shaft and serves as a handle by which the rear end of~
4|60 carried by and located beneath the table 30. the rod can be depressed. The handle end of
The lower end of said hub is provided with a hori- i the rod is somewhat resilient'and is releasably
zontally extended arm |62 terminated in a retained resiliently in the lower notch 208 of a
spherical end |64 located in a cam slot |66 of depending holding plate 2|0, in which notch the
an operating segment |68, see also Fig. 3, which rod is held in a normal inoperative position. The
rod can be sprung sidewise out of 'the notch 208
segment is carried by the shaft 56 and is con
nected with the operating lever 58 for conjoint and raised and sprung into the upper notch 2|2
10 reciprocation therewith.
'I‘he shape of the cam
. slot |66 is .such that the pusher is caused to ad
of said plate whereby to hold the rod releasably in 10
an operated position with the idler rolls -out of
Vance a stencil by the width of the stencil. at operative relation with said rolls. '
sometime during the period that the printing roll " The feed roll shaft |80 is provided with a pinion
and platen are out of engagement with the gear 2|4, see especially Figs. l, 2 and 3, that is in
mesh with a large gear 2|6 of the web feeding 15
15 stencil.
'I'he present invention is designed primarily to ‘ mechanism. Saidgear 2|6 is fixed to a shaft 2|8
print the addresses of the stencils in succession .journalled in a bracket 220 supported by the cross
transversely of a long paper web |10, see Figs. 2 bar |92.V The other end of said shaft has fixed
and 4. Said paper web is contained in a roll |'|2V Vthereto an integral brake drum 222 and ratchet
20 located at the rear of the table and rotatably wheel 224. The brake drum is engaged friction 20
supported by a shaft |"l4- journalled in brackets ally by a resiliently mounted brake shoe 226 car
|'|6 projecting rearwardly from the edge ofthe
table. The web y|`|0 is passed forwardly and
through the elongated passage 48 of the loop
25 frame 46.
Between the roll `and the frame the
web is slidably supported upon a table |18 having
upstanding sides |80 spaced apart by approxi
mately the distance of and disposed on opposite
ried by the cross bar |82 so as to hold the feed
rolls and hence the paper web stationary when
the rolls are not positively advanced by the
25
i ratchet wheel.
A pawl arm 228 is journalled on the end of said
gear and ratchet wheel'shaft 2|8 and at its free
end carries a pawl 230 that engages the teeth` of
The table is transversely ad- I the ratchetwheel.' An intermediate part of said
pawl arm is intermittently connected to the lower 30
end of a connecting rod 232 which hasa longitu
clamping nut |84, see Fig. 1, so thatl the web can dinally elongated slot 234, see Fig. 2, therein into
sides of the web.
30
justably secured to the machine table 30 byV
means including the elongated slot |82 and the
be laterally positioned with respect to the print
ing roll, the platen and the tabulating mecha
35 nism presently to be described.
The web passes forwardly from the loop .frame
46 into the bite of a pair of driven upper feed rolls
- |86 and lower idler feed rolls |88 located behind
the rearedge of the stencil track.
The upper ,
40 rolls |86, see Figs. 1, 2 and 4, are fixed to a shaft
|90 that is journalled in bearings of a cross bar
|92 secured to and upstanding above the top face
of the table Y30. -The shaft and said rolls lare
which projects a pin 236 of an upstanding arm
238 carried by the loop frame 46. 'A feed control
rod 240 is screw-threaded into the end of said
connecting rod and has its end located in said
`slot in position to be engaged by the pin 236. A
tension spring 242 is connected with said connect
ing rod and serves to urge it constantly down
lwards thereby to tend to maintain said pin 236 40
and rod 240 in engagement. Said loop frame 46
reciprocates during the printing operation> and
hence said pin 236 moves generally downwardly
and upwardly. The downward movement of the
intermittently advanced in the same direction
,pin is accomplished free from corresponding
45 and at times are held stationary and thus vserve movement of the connecting rod, the connecting 45
to advance the webintermittently, the advance
taking place during the time that the printing ' rod moving under influence of the spring 242 to
roll and platen are out of engagement with the retrieve the pawl. During the upward movement
web and stencil.
,
'
The lower rolls |88 are idler rolls and each, see
50
Fig. 5, is separately journalled on a stud screw
|94 carried ‘by a yieldingly supported plate |96.
Said plate is guided for vertical movement on
vertical pins |98 carried by and rising from the
55 bracket 54, there being helical springs 200 which
encircle said pins beneath and bear‘upwardly
against said plate |86, whereby to maintain said
plate yieldingly in an elevated position and to
hold said rolls |88 into engagement with the
60 paper web on the feed rolls |86.
,
At times, as for initially threading the web
through the machine; it is desirable to move the
lower or idle rolls downwardly and' away from
` cooperative relation with the feed rolls. For this
65 purpose there is provided a release bar, see Figs.
3, il, 5 and 6, which bar is essentially in the form
of a crank and has an intermediate portion 202
journalled in the table of the machine and at
right angles therewith and rearwardly extended
70 therefrom a rear end -portion 201i that overlies
the plate Q26. YSaid end portion is so disposed
that when itis depressed it engages said plate
and moves said plate downwardly thereby carry
ing with it >the idler rolls E82.
Said rod has a
right angularly related forwardly extended por
of the loop frame, however, the pin 236 cornes in
contact with the end of the rod 240 and hence 50
raises the connectingrod and positively advances
the feed rolls. The amount of upward stroke of
the loop frame that is effective in positively ad
vancing the feed rolls is regulated by the adjust
ment of the feed screw 240.
.V
l `
The paper web passes forwardly from the feed'
55
rolls and over and upon the stencil track and
the stencils therein and under the platen and
through the tabulating mechanism and thence
over a guide bar 244, see Figs. 1, 2 and 4, to a 60
winding roll 246. Said winding roll is located
at the front end of the machine and is carried
on a shaft 248 journalled in a bracket 252 and
preferably is releasably secured to the front part
of the table 30. The shaft 248 is continuously 65
rotated by means of a pulley 252 fixed thereto
and driven by a belt 221i that is passed about a
pulley 256 fixed to the shaft M2 of the ink trans
fer roll. While the take-up drum 228 is thus
continuously rotated the feed of the web is -con 70
trolled by the feed rolls itt and when said rolls
are held stationary the take-up roll is held sta
tionary and the drive thereof is adapted to slip.
Thus the take-up roll operates onlywhen paper
is advanced by the feed rolls.
75
4
2,184,814
The tabulating mechanism that records the
data indicated by the perforation of the stencil
frame is located at the front part of the table 80
and in front of the printing roll and platen and
in line with the stencil that is in addressing po
sition.
The tabulating mechanism includes a
supporting frame, see especially Figs. 4, 7 and
8, 9, comprising a horizontal bottom plate 268
carried by and resting in a recess formed in the
10 upper face of the table and removably secured
thereto and having upstanding side bars 260 lo
cated at the opposite side edges of the plate and
a cross bar 262 that rests upon the side bars 260
and is vertically spaced above the bottom plate.
The top and bottom plates and the side bars
define a guide channel in which a plurality of
printing devices 264 are located. Said printing
devices are or can be~ identical and one is illus
trated in perspective in Fig. 10.
Each of said printing devices comprises a
horizontally thin bar that rests upright'on its
long narrow edge on top of the plate 284 and is
horizontally movable on said plate under said top
plate 262.
All of the bars are in sidewise en
gagement with each other and the end bars of the
series are in sidewise engagement with the end
bars 260. Each bar is provided intermediate its
length with a raised part 288 having a series of
raised type characters 288 in the form of numer
30 als thereon, the numerals running consecutively
from zero to nine. 'I‘he spacing between the
numerals corresponds to the spacing between the
horizontal lines of the tabulating form of the
stencil and the spacing of the type charactersv
upstanding thin levers 216 pivoted on a bar 218,
see Figs. 3 and 4, disposed below the forward ends
of the type bars and fixed to and extended be
tween forwardly extending arms 280 carried by
the brackets |02, there being interposed spacing
washers 282 on the bar 218 between the levers.
The upper ends of the levers are loosely located
in slots 284 formed in the front ends of the type
bars. Tension springs 286 have their front ends
connected with said levers and the rear ends of 10
alternate springs connected with alternate upper
and lower projections 288 of a spring support
ing bar 280 fixed to and extended between the
brackets |02. Thus when the bars are released
for rearward movement their respective springs 15
and levers urge each rearwardly until they are
stopped from rearwad movement by engagement
of their respective fingers in the perforations oi' _
a stencil, as illustrated in Fig. 8 or by engage
ment of their stop projections 214 with the front 20
edge of the top plate 262.
The rearward movement of the type bars and
their return to normal forward position is gov
erned by a horizontally reciprocating frame, see
Figs. 4, 8, 9 and 11. Said frame comprises a 25
plate 282 disposed beneath the plate 288 and
horizontally slidable in the grooves of spaced rails
284 secured to the underface of said plate. Said
plate 282 at its rear end is provided with an up
standing horizontal bar 286 that confronts the 30
inner or rear 'ends of but is free from positive con
nection with all of the type bars and hence when
said bar 286 is moved rearwardly the type bars
between any two consecutive type bars corre
sponding to the horizontal spacing of the num
are free for rearward movement and when the
bar 286 ismoved forward it engages the rear ends 35
of all of the type bars and moves them positively
erals of the tabulating form and thereby to the
spacing of the vertical lines of the form. Thus
forwardly against the action of their associated
the entire set of type bars form a duplicate of .
'I'he plate 282 is secured to a bar 298 that at its
forward end has a depending projection 800 40
formed'with a vertical slot 302 therein. A pin
804, see Figs. 3, 4 and 8, is located loosely in said
slot and is secured to the upper end of a generally
vertical reciprocating lever 806 that at its lower
end is pivoted on a stud pin 808 carried by a 45
the tabulating form of the stencil.
Each type bar at its inner or rear end is pro
vided with a resilient upstanding spring finger
210 having an abrupt free end 212. The width of
the finger is such that it is free to enter a perfo
45 ration of the stencil, which perforation prefer
ably is rectangular and theabrupt free end of
the finger is adapted to engage the rear end
wall of the perforation and thereby be held from
rearward movement. The nnger also is of such
50 configuration at its free end that it fits within
the perforation sumciently so that the perfora
tion holds it from deleterious forward or back
ward movement until the bar is positively moved
forward by means independent of the stencil.
The arrangement is such that when the type
55
bars are released for rearward movement toward
the stencil they will move rearwardly until -the
_spring fingers become seated in perforations
aligned with the respective type bars, whereupon
60 the type bars will be held from further move
springs.
r
depending bracket 8|0 attached to the under
face of the table 80. The lower end of the lever
806 is integral with or fixed to a hub 3|2 that has
a generally vertical arm 8M that at its free end
carries a cam roller 8|6 engaged with a cam 8|8 50
which causes the arms 8l! to reciprocate and
hence effects the reciprocation of the control
frame for the type bars. The cam 8i8 is fixed to
a short shaft 820 journalled in the bracket 8|0
and having fixed thereto a sprocket 822, see Figs. 55
2, 3 and 12, that is driven by an endless chain
828 from the constantly-driven shaft 62 of the
power mechanism so that the shaft and cam ro
tate in timed relation with the movements of
the stencil printing mechanism. The arrange 60
ment. 'I'he position of the type characters on y ment is such that the type bars are allowed to move
the type bars is such that when a type bar is , forwardly and are retracted during the time that
stopped from rearward movement by engagement
>oi’ a spring finger with a perforation the type
65 character on said type bar that corresponds
with the numeral of the stencil cut out by the
perforation will be located in position for print
ing.
The forward ends of all type bars are provided
with elevated stop projections 214 that are adapt
ed to engage ~the front edge of the top guide
plate 262 whereby to limit the rearward move
ment of the bars. The bars are biased for rear
ward movement towards the stencils by a spring
75 actuating mechanism consisting of a series of
the stencil is stationary in printing position be
tween the printing roll and platen.
A reciprocating printing head 826, see Figs. 1, 65
2, 3, 4 and 9, is located above the type bars and
is vertically reciprocable in a supporting stan
dard 828 fixed to a bridge 880 which overlies the
type bars and has feet 882 that are secured to
the table on opposite sides of the type bars.4 The 70
printing head carries at >its iower end a platen
884 that has‘an impression ledge 386 that over
lies all of the type bars and has a width suffi
cient to engage one type character. only of all
of the type characters of a type bar at one print 75
5
2,134,814.
ing operation. The printing head is urged for
tions of saidl print-controlling means upon the
downward movement in a printing direction by ' same record sheets with the addresses of the de- ‘
.
a tension spring 338 and is elevated by a gear vices.
sector 34|) that engages rack teeth 342 formed
2. An addressing machine comprising means
in the printing head. The sector 340 is ñxed to
a shaft 344 journalled in the standard 328 and
also in a bracket 346, see Fig. 1, rising from the
top of the table and has a forwardly extended
for advancing a succession of address bearing
devices to an addressing position, said devices
having printing data selecting means, address
ing mechanism operable upon said devices in said
printing position, and printing mechanism having
arm 348 ñxed to its free end. The upper end of
10 a connecting rod 350 is pivotally connected to _ means for printing variable data, arranged for 10
direct. control by said data selecting> means for
printing the data selected by said printing data
at the time the device is in addressing position
«said arm, see Figs. 4 and 12, and the lower end
of said connecting rod is pivoted to an interme
diate part of a forwardly extended arm 352 that
is loosely journalled on the shaftßß, see Fig. 3.
and on the same record sheets with the addresses
15 The forward end of said arm carries a cam roller
354 that bears upon a cam disc 356 secured to
of said devices.
.
15
' 3. An'addressing machine comprising means
for >advancing a succession of address bearing
the shaft 320. The arrangement is such that for
the greater part of a complete rotation of the
shaft 320 the arm 352 and hence the printing
head are held in an inactive elevated position
but during a part of the rotation of the shaft
the arm and printing head are allowed to drop
devices to an addressing position, said devices
having means `denoting specific data, addressing
mechanism operable upon said devices in said 20
printing position to record the addresses thereof,
and printing mechanism having means directly
down and effect the printing operation, this responsive to said data denoting means of dif
operation taking place at the time the sencil is ferent address bearing devices to effect the
printing of the specific data denoted by said data 25
25 stationary.
The paper web |10 passes under `the printing denoting means upon the same record sheets with
head and above the type bars. An ink ribbon the addresses of said devices.
4. An addressing machine comprising means
358 extends transversely of the type bars above
them and underI the paper web and the platen _ for advancing to an addressing position a succes
30 334 and supplies the ink necessary for recording sion of address bearing deviceshaving in addi 30
the impression of the type characters of the type tion tothe address .printing-mechanism-control
bars on the web.
ling means located at selected parts of the device `
The ink ribbon is extended be
and capable of being differently located with dif
tween rolls 360 and 362 carried by spindles 364
which are adapted to be rotated by hand to posi
35 tion new parts of the ribbon in printing position
although automatic ribbon advancing mechanism
ferent devices, each of said means denoting some
data, addressing mechanism operable upon the 35
devices when they are yin printing position to
record the addresses thereof, printing mechanism
of any type common in the art and not neces
sary herein to illustrate can be employed. The having means for printing different data directly
ribbon passes over a supporting table 366 that responsive to -the printing-mechanism-controlling
means of the address bearing devices for printing 40
40 is carried by the side bars 260 of the type bar .
supporting frame and has a cut-.out portion 368 the specific data that is denoted by said printing-l
underlying the impression ledge 336 of the platen mechanism-controlling means of the various
and exposing certain of the type characters of devices, data denoting means upon the same
the type bars to receive the impression of the ' record sheets with the addresses of said devices.
5. An addressing machine having means to 45
printing head.
.
advance into addressing position successive ad
As thus arranged the address borne by a sten
cil when it is in printing position will be recorded dress bearing devices also bearing printing-mech
upon the web |10. At the same time the type :mism-controlling means selectively positioned on
bars that are lin line with perforations of the said devices, and printing mechanism having
stencil will be stopped by the perforations in means for printing different data under direct 50'
50
position to present for printing4 type numbers control of the printing-mechanism-controlling
that correspond with the numbers punched out means of said address bearing devices for print
by the perforations and these numbers will be ing the data corresponding to positions of said
recorded on the web- in association with the printing-mechanism-controlling means on a rec
address
during t e printing operation. Fig. 13 ord sheet, and means for recording on the same 55
55
illustrates a porti n of the printed web wherein sheet the address of the printing device.
6. A printing machine comprising means for
the address 310 corresponds with the address
24 of the stencil of Fig. 14 and wherein the line advancing into printing position a succession of
printing devices> having printing-mechanism
of numbers 312 under the address 310 corre
controlling abutments selectively positioned on 60
sponds
with
the
numbers,
and
with
the
horizontal
‘co position of the numbers, punched out by the said
printing devices, printing mechanism having
perforations 28 of Fig. 14.
means for printing different data, means govern
`
I claim:
_
1. An -addressing machine comprising means
65 for advancing a succession of address bearing de
ing the printing of different data corresponding
to different possible positions of said abutments
on said printing devices, said means being mov
vices to an addressing position, said devices hav
able over said printing devices into engagement
ing selectively positioned print-controlling means
fwith an abutment and being held thereby in a
position wherein data corresponding to the posi
tion of the abutment is presented for printing,
information, addressing mechanism operable up
on said devices in said printing .position to record and means to effect a printing operation from the
the addresses thereof, and printing mechanism printing data so presented.
having means for printing variable data directly > 7. An addressing machine comprising means
controlled by the print-controlling means of the / for advancing into addressing position va succes
addressing devices for effecting the printing of sion of address bearing devices having data indi
cating devices, and means directly operative
the items` of information denoted by the posi
the position of which denotes a selected item of
65
6
'2,134,814
upon the devices when they are in addressing
position for making a record both of the address
and the data indicated by a device on the same
record sheet.
8. Addressing mechanism comprising means
for advancing intoI printing position a succession
ot address bearing devices having selectively
positioned printing data indicating members,
variable data printing mechanism having a plu
10 rality of data controlling members the position of
which determines the data that is printed, the
position of said members being determined by the
position of said indicating members, and means
for recording at the same time while the devices
15 are in printing position the address of an address
bearing device and the data determined by said
indicating members, said recording means includ
ing addressing mechanism operable to record the
impression of the address of the device when it is
20
in printing position.V
9. An addressing machine comprising means
for advancing into addressing position a succes
sion of address bearing devices having selectively
positioned printing data indicating members,
25 addressing mechanism for recording the addresses
of said devices, a printing mechanism adapted to
print diiIerent data as determined by the position
of said indicating members, a plurality of data
controlling members the position of which deter
30 mines the data printed by said printing mecha
nism, said members being aligned with said indi
eating members when the addressing device is in
addressing position, means for moving said data
controlling members into abutting and holding
35 relation with said indicating members, whereby
to present for printing data denoted by the posi
tion ci! said indicating members, and means for
recording the data presented by said printing
» mechanism and as determined by said indicating
members.
10. In a printing machine, the combination of ‘
means for advancing into printing position a suc
cession of devices having selectively positioned
printing data indicating members, printing mech
anism having a plurality of movable printing
data >carrying members each having a plurality
of printing data thereon, said movable members
being positioned in `alignment with said indicat
ing members when an addressing device is in
printing position, and means for moving said
movable members into engagement with said
indicating members whereby to be positioned
thereby in positions to present data correspond
ing to that oi' said indicating members.
1l. An addressing machine comprising means
55 for advancing into addressing position a succes
sion of address bearing devices having selec
tively positioned type indicating members, ad
dressing mechanism for recording the addresses
of said devices, printing mechanism having a
plurality of movable type carrying bars, each bar
carrying a plurality of diiîerent type characters,
said type bars being positioned in alignment with
Said indicating members when an addressing de
vice is in addressing position, means for biasing
65 Said type bars for movement towards an ad
dressing device when lt is in addressing posi
tion, means for eifecting engagement of the
aligned type bars with said indicating members
and for holding said type bars in positions cor
70 responding to the positions of said indicating
members, means for recording the type cl'farac
12. An addressing machine comprising means
for advancing into addressing position a succes
sion of address bearing devices having selectively
positioned type indicating members, addressing
mechanism for recording the addresses of said 5
devices, printing mechanism having a plurality
of type carrying bars disposed in alignment with
said indicating members when an addressing
device is in addressing position, said type carry
ing members each having a plurality of different
type characters, means for biasing said type bars
for movement toward said addressing devices,
means carried by said type bars engageable with
said indicating members and operable to hold
said type bars in positions corresponding to the 15
positions of said indicating members, means for
recording the type characters presented by the
positioned type bars, and means for returning
said type bars to a normal position.
13. An addressing machine comprising means 20
for advancing into printing position a succession
of address bearing stencils having selectively
positioned type indicating perforations, address
ing mechanism for recording the addresses of said
stencils, printing mechanism having a plurality 25
of type bars aligned with perforations of a sten
cil when the latter is in addressing position, said
type bars each having a plurality of diiïerent
type characters, means for biasing said type bars
for movement toward the stencil, spring ñngers 30
carried by said type bars movable therewith
upon the surface of said stencil and into a'per
foration aligned therewith held thereby against
further movement in an advancing direction
whereby to position for printing that type charac
ter of the type bar that corresponds with the
printing character indicated by the perforation,
means for recording the character presented by
the positioned type bar, and means for return
ing said type bars to a normal position.
40
14. In an addressing machine, the combination
of means for advancing into printing position a
succession of address bearing devices having se
lectively positioned type indicating members,
printing mechanism including a platen, a. plu 45
rality of type bars movable toward and away
from said addressing position and under said
platen, each type bar having a plurality of differ
ent type characters, means for biasing said type
bars for movement towards the addressing posi 50
tion comprising a supporting shaft, a plurality
of arms pivoted on said shaft each engageable
with a separate type bar, spring means acting on
said arms for biasing them and said type bars for
movement into'engagement with said indicating 55
members, and means for controlling said move
ment and for returning said type bar to a normal
position.
15. A printing machine comprising means for
advancing into printing position a series of de
vices having selectively positioned type indicating
members, printing mechanism having a plurality
of type bars movable into engagement With said
indicating members when a device is in printing
position, said type bars each having a plurality
of diiïerent type characters, means biasing said
type bars for movement towards said devices, and
means for controlling said movement and for re
turning said bars to normal position. '
16. In an addressing machine, the combination '
of means for advancing into addressing position
successive address bearing devices having selec
ters presented by the positioned type bars, and
tively positioned type indicating members, ad
means for returning said type bars to a normal
dressing mechanism for recording the addresses
0I said devices, printing mechanism having a plu 75
76 position.
2,134,814
rality of movable type bars each having a plu
, rality of different type characters, spring means
for biasing said type bars for movement into eri--v
gagement with the indicating members oi an
address bearing device when the latter is in 'ad
dressing position, means for holding said type
bars against movement and for permitting inde
pendent movement of said type bars into engage
" ment with said indicating 'members and for re
position along said guideway a succession of ad
dress bearing devices having type indicating
members, a printing mechanism located beside
said guideway having a plurality of type carry
ing members, means directly controlled by said
indicating members for locating said type carry
ing members in' positions for presenting in a
printing position type characters of said type
carrying members corresponding to the type in
turning all of said members simultaneously into
a normal position, and means for recording the
dicated by said indicating members, means for 10
advancing a recordsheet into printing relation
characters presented by the positioned .type bars.
17. In an addressing machine, the‘combination
with the address bearing devices and also with
of means for advancing into printing position
a succession of address bearing devices having se.
the type characters of said printing mechanism,
and means for recording in cooperative associa
tion upon said record sheet the address of a de
lectively positioned ' type indicating members, ` vice and the type characters selected :by the in
printing mechanism having a plurality of type
bars each having a plurality of diiîerent type
characters, means for biasing said type bars for
20 movement into engagement with said indicating
members, and a reciprocating frame engageable
with said type bars for releasing said type bars for
15
dicating members of the device.
22. In an addressing machine, means for ad
vancing into printing position a succession of
address bearing devices having address charac
20
ters forming a readable address and also selec
tively positioned type indicating members, print
independent movement and for returning said ing mechanism including a plurality of movable
type bars simultaneously into a normal posi ‘ printingv devices each having type characters,
means under control of and having parts directly 25
25 tion.
engageable with said indicating members for as
18. In an addressing machine, the combina
sembling said printing devices in a predeter
tion of means for advancing into printing posi
mined position determined by the position of
tion a succession of address bearing devices hav
said indicating members, and means for directly
ing selectively positioned type indicating mem
30 bers, printing mechanism having a plurality of> recording an impression oi the address charac 30
type bars each having a plurality of different type ters of an address bearing device and the im
characters, means for biasing said type 'bars for pression of said selectively assembled type char
movement into engagement with said indicating
members, a reciprocating frame engageable with
35 said type bars for releasing said type bars. for
independent movement and for returning said
type bars simultaneously into a normal position,
and means for recording the address of an ad
acters oi said printing devices.
»
23. A printing machine comprising a plurality
of movable type bars each having a plurality of 35
different type characters, means for advancing
a plurality of control devices having selectively
positioned type character selector members into
controlling' position with said type bars, means
dress bearing device and impressions of the type
‘ for moving said type bars into abutting relation 40
bars as determined by the settings thereof.
lg. In a printing machine, the combination of with said selector members whereby to present
meansfor advancing into printing position a suc
cession of devices having selectively positioned
type indicating members, printing mechanism
comprising a supporting plate, a plurality of
movable type bars positioned in sidewise engage
yment upon said plate, means for» biasing ïsaid r
type bars for lengthwise movement over said de
into a printing position type characters of said
type bars corresponding to type characters indi- '
cated by said selector members, means for mak
ing arecord of said selected type‘characters, and
means for returning said type bars to a normal
position.
A
45
`
24. A printing machine comprising means to
advance
a succession of control devices `into a
vices into direct engagement with said indicat- ’
control position, each device having a` tabulating
ing members. and a reciprocating frame control
form composed of a series of horizontal lines of .
ling the movement of said type bars and return
.numbers each line having repetitions of the
ing said type bars toa normal position.
«20. .An addressing machine comprising the same number and each line having representa- f
combination of a track, means for advancing
55 along said track into a printing position a suc
cession of address bearing stencils having selec
tively positioned type A indicating perforations,
printing mechanism located at one side of said
track having a plurality of type bars each having
60 a plurality of different type characters, means
for biasing said type bars for movement length
wise toward and away from and under said track,
said type bars having spring urged iingers which
tion of a diñerent number, the numbers of the
horizontal lines being contained in vertical lines, 55
printing mechanism comprising a plurality of
bars, there being as many bars as there are ver
tical lines of the control devices, each barvhav
ing associated therewith aV plurality of type char
acters corresponding to the type characters of 60
horizontal lines contained in the associated ver
tical lìnes of the control device, said bars being
movable into successive positions corresponding
>with the positions of 'the associated .type char
\ are movable over and in pressure engagement
acters in printing position, the control devices 65
65 with a face of a stencil when it is in printing po
having control members positioned in selected
sition and into a perforation registering there
with whereby to hold its type bar against further horizontal and vertic'al lines, and means opera
ble to move said bars into _abutting relation with
advancing movement and to position intoA print
said control members whereby to position into
ing position a type character thereof that cor
printing position the type character associated
responds with the type indicated by the asso
with a bar and corresponding to the type char
ciated perforation, a reciprocating frame en
gageable with all of said type bars and return- , acter position of the controlmember, and means
ing them into a normal position.
,
21. An addressing machine comprising a
75 guideway, means for advancing into addressing
for making a record of the positioned type char
acters.
Y
25. A printing machine comprising means to
8
2,134,814
advance a succession of control devices into a
control position, each device having a tabulating
form composed of a series of horizontal lines of
numbers, each line having repetitions of the
same number and each line having representa
tion of a different number, the numbers of the
horizontal lines being contained in vertical lines,
printing mechanism comprising a plurality of
bars, there being as many bars as there are ver
10 tical lines of the control devices. each bar having
associated therewith a plurality of type characters
corresponding to the type characters of horizon
tal lines contained in the associated vertical lines
of the control device, said bars being movable
15 into successive positions correspondingwith the
positions of the associated type characters in
printing position, the control devices having con
trol _members positioned in selected horizontal
and vertical lines, and means operable to move
said bars into abutting relation with said control
members whereby to position into printing posi
tion the type character associated with a bar and
corresponding to the type character position of
the control member, means for making a record
of the positioned type characters, and means for
returning all type bars and associated type char
acters into a normal position.
`
26. In a printing machine the combination of
a printing head, a plate located beneath said
head, a plurality of type bars disposed upon said
plate in- parallel sidewise arrangement, means
overlying said bars and engaged slidably thereby
while retaining said bars in the aforesaid relation,
vsaid bars having a plurality of type characters
distributed lengthwise thereof, spring means for
biasing each of said bars independently of all
other bars for lengthwise movement in one direc
tion, means including a reciprocating frame com
mon to all bars for holding said bars against such
40 movement and for releasing said bars for inde
pendent movement and for returning said bars to
a normal position, means for operating said print
ing head when said bars are in displaced posi
tions and a changeable control plate traversed by
45 parts of said bars and having means engageable
therewith for holding said bars in predetermined
displaced positions during the operation of said
printing head.
27. Addressing mechanism comprising a guide
50 way, means for advancing along said guideway
into printing position a succession of address
bearing devices having address forming charac
ters and changeable printing data indicating
means, means for locating a record sheet in
55 printing positionÄ addressing mechanism for re
cording the impression of the address forming
printed, and means for recording the selected
data upon the face of said record sheet bearing
the address, said address bearing device com-`
prising a stencil, said addressing mechanism com
prising a reciprocable printing platen located
above the stencil and guideway, and a printing
roll located below said stencil and guideway, said
record sheet being disposed above the stencil and
guideway, said changeable printing data means
being located beneath said record sheet and print
ing upon the under face thereof, and inking mech
anism for said printing roll disposed below said
guideway.
29. In an addressing machine, the combination
of means for advancing into printing position a 15
succession of address bearing devices having se
lectively positioned control perforations, a plu
rality of separately movable printing members
advanceable over an address bearing device when
the latter is in a predetermined location and hav 20
ing projections adapted to enter a perforation reg
istering therewith and beheld by the device from
continued movement in .the same direction, means
for advancing said members in the aforesaid man
ner, means for retracting said members from 25
advanced positions thereof, and means for effect
ing a printing operation on said members when
they are in predetermined advanced positions.
30. Printing mechanism comprising a table, a
guideway above said table, printing mechanism 30
including a printing arm pivotally carried by said
table above and at the rear part thereof and ex
tended forwardly, a platen carried by the forward
end- of said arm and overlying said guideway,
means for advancing successive printing devices 35
along said .guideway andy under said platen, a roll
carrying frame pivotally carried by said table
below and at the rear part thereof and extended
forwardly, a printing roll carried by the forward
part of said frame, means for reciprocating said
arm and frame about their pivotal connections 40
with said table for moving said platen and print
ing roll respectively downwardly and upwardly
into printing relation with said printing devices
in said guideway, said means including a shaft
located below said guideway and table, and cam
mechanism on said shaft extended rearwardly
therefrom and having operative connections with
said arm and roll carrying frame below said table,
and inking mechanism for said printing roll lo
cated below said guideway and table and for
wardly of said roll and shaft.
31. A printing machine comprising means for
advancing into and out of a printing position a
succession of printing devices bearing addresses
and selectively Vpositioned item indicating means,
characters of an address bearing device on said' means for recording the address of a printing de
record sheet, printing mechanism having change
able printing data directly controlled by said
60 printing data indicating means for selecting the
vice, and means directly controlled by said item
indicating means for recording on the same sheet
bearing devices having address forming charac
with the address a record corresponding to said 60
item indicating means.
32. The combination of an address plate hav
ing address characters and data denoting means
occupying different positions on said plate denot
ing different data, means for recording the ad 65
dress on a record sheet, and means lunder direct
control of said data denoting means for recording
ters and changeable printing data indicating
on the same sheet with the address a mark for
data to be printed, and means for recording the
selected data upon the face of said record sheet
bearing the address.
28. Addressing mechanism comprising a guide
65 way, means for advancing along said guideway
into printing position a succession of address
means, means for locating a record sheet in print
each data denoting means which marks are indic
ative of the positions of said data denoting means. 70
the impression of the address forming characters
33. The combination of a printing plate having
of an address bearing device on said record sheet, « address characters and means the positions of
printing mechanism having changeable printing which on said card indicate different data, means
data directly controlled by said printing data fer recording the address of said card, and means
75 indicating means for selecting the data to be cooperating directly with said ñrst-named means
70 ing position, addressing mechanism for recording
v2,134,814:
for recording on the same record sheet with the
address the positions of said data . indicating
means.
34. An addressing machine having address
printing mechanism and other printing devices in
combination with a printing plate having address
printing characters and holes controlling the op
eration of the printing devices, the holes being
i
n
9
registerable with parts of printing devices which ,
are selected by the positions of such holes and the
printing device parts being movable into said
holes to condition the printing devices for print
ing data corresponding to the position of said 5
_ holes.
HARMON P. ELLIOTT.
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