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Патент USA US2134852

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W. R. BOGAN
2,134,852
DI SPENS ING APPARATUS
Filed Jan. 2, 1937
___
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
7
INVENTOR
ATTORNEYS
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Nov.4 1, 1938.
w. R. BOGAN
2,134,852
DISPENSING APPARATUS
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Filed Jan. 2, 1937
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Patented Nov. l, 1938
2,134,852
UNITED STATES
PATENT OFFICE
2,134,852
DIsPENsING APPARATUS
William R. Bogan, Detroit, Mich.
Application January 2, 1937, Serial N0. 118,711
6 Claims.
The present invention relates to apparatus for
drawing beverages or other liquids from kegs
or containers, the apparatus being designed par
ticularly for drawing and dispensing beer.
UI
The primary object of the present invention
is to provide apparatus for drawing beer from
a keg or like container which is so designed that
it may be attached to the keg or container at
y the brewery and delivered therewith whereby the
10 beer may be conveniently dispensed from the
keg or container for domestic consumption. In
this respect the invention provides for improved
sanitary conditions, particularly by avoiding the
use of the inconvenient and unsanìtary conven
15 tional wood spigot, and permits the beer to be
drawn and dispensed in the same condition which
it was in when it left the brewery.
Another object of the present invention is to
provide a beer drawing apparatus which may
20 be attached to a keg for delivery therewith, the
apparatus being constructed and arranged
whereby it nests within the recess ordinarily pres
ent in the end of a keg. In this respect the
invention disposes the apparatus whereby lthe
25 keg equipped therewith occupies no greater space
than before, this being desirable from the stand
point of shipment and delivery, and further, from
the standpoint that the kegs may be stacked one
upon another or in close proximity without in
30- juring the drawing apparatus.
Another object of the present invention is to
prevent the unauthorized removal or substitu
tion of the contents of a keg or container
equipped with apparatus for drawing the con
35 tents therefrom. In this respect the invention
provides locking means which can only be re
(Cl. 225-4> 4)
Fig.,2 is a sectiontaken on the line 2-2 of
Fig. 1; a fragment of a keg being also shown;
Fig. 3 >is a plan illustrating another stage of
operation;
«
’
Fig. 4 is a vertical section illustrating another
stage of operation;
’
Fig. 5 is a section taken on the line 5-5 of
Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is an elevation of a detail, and
Fig. 7 is an end elevation.
' , Like
characters
of
reference
are
throughout to designate corresponding parts.
'I'he numeral I designates a tap bushing which
is welded in the end wall 2 of a metal barrel
or keg 3 having a recess 4 in the end thereof,
the recess being formed due to the extension
of the side walls past the end wall 2 in order
to provide linger grips 5 so that the keg may
be conveniently carried. It will be understood
that a metal barrel is shown by way of example
only and that the invention to be described here
inafter is equally applicable to wood kegs, bar
rels or containers. In the event that thekeg is
formed of wood the bushing I is provided with
external screw threads and is threaded into an
opening in aV wall ofthe keg. This expedient is
deemed obvious to those skilled in the art yand
therefore is not illustrated here.
through, and with a tapered or conical end 8.
A valve body 9 has an extension III upon which
is permanently secured a sleeve II, the sleeve
being formed with-an outwardly directed end
ñange I2. An internally threaded collar I3, hav 35
thereto for releasing the lock and causing the
40 seals to be mutilated to such an extent that they
element I6,’carried by the sleeve II, into firm
the apparatus having a wrench or tool attached
cannot be used again.
Still another object of the invention is to pro
vide apparatus of the character referred to above
which may be removed from the keg or con
45 tainer for the purpose of cleaning the same, as
well as the keg or container. In this respect
the apparatus is so constructed as to require the
use of a special wrench or tool in removing the
same and in this manner prevents the unauthor
50'ized removal thereof.
With the above and other objects in View the
invention consists in matters hereinafter more
particularly pointed out with reference to the
accompanying drawings, in which
55
Figure 1 is a top plan View;
5
The bushing I has a centrally disposed boss
6 provided with an axial bore 1, extending there
ing recesses for the reception of a tool or wrench,
is threaded onto the screwthreaded portion I4
of the boss 6, the collar having a shoulder I5
which engages the flange I2 to draw a packing
leased by breaking the Federal and State seals,
10
employed
contact with the conical end of the boss 6. The
valve body 9 is thus securedv to the bushing I
and through the latter to the keg.
The valveA body 9 has a tapered bore I‘I in
which is rotatably mounted a tapered valve Aplug
I8, there being a nut vI9 on a reduced end 20
of the plug supporting a washer 2I to maintain
a spring-22 in compression between the washer
and a hollow annular element 23 which engages
the valve body wall. The spring 22 tends to
draw the tapered plug into the bore and thus
maintains sealing contact between the valve plug
and the bore wall. The valve plug I8 has a pas
sage 24 opening into an elbow extension 25 at
its other end, a bent tube 26 being supported 55
2
2,134,852
in the elbow extension in communication with
the passage 25. As will hereinafter be described
the tube 26 serves both as a liquid outlet and
a valve operating handle.
The valve plug I8 has a radial port 21, one
end of which opens through the side thereof,
and the other end of which communicates with
the passage 24. In line with the port 21 the
valve body 9 has a port 28 and a conventional
tap tube 29 is secured in the extension Il] in
communication with the port 29 so that it ex
tends downwardly into the keg 3.
At its top the valve body 9 is formed with an
annular recess 30 and a bore 3l, centrally dis
posed with respect to the recess and extending
through the body to the tapered bore I1, in line
with the port 21 in the valve plug. In the bore
3| is slidably mounted a bolt 32 having a reduced
upper end 33 with a retainer 34 thereon. Loosely
received on the reduced end of the bolt 32 is a
disk 35 and a spring cup 36, and a
31 is mounted between the bottom
and the spring cup 36. As shown
in Figs. l and 3, the disk 35 has two
opposed arms 38 and two sets of
coiled spring
of the recess
more clearly
diametrically
diametrically
opposed notches 39.
Rigidly mounted on top of the Valve body 9 is a
plate 4I) having an aperture 4I therein of a diam
eter slightly larger than the disk 36 and smaller
30 than the diameter of the two arms 38. Two
diametrically opposed notches 42 are formed in
the wall of the aperture 4I of a diameter greater
than the diameter of the arms 38.
In the valve body 9 is formed a passage 43
which extends through the extension I9 and com
municates with the interior of the keg through
the bore 1 in the tap bushing I. In the end of
the passage 43 is provided a valve fitting 45 to
which a conventional air pump, such as is used
40 for automobile tires, may be connected for the
purpose of placing the liquid in the keg under air
pressure.
Secured to the plate 43 by means of a chain 4S
is a tool for rotating the disk 35. This tool com
45 prises a cylindrical body 41 having an external
diameter slightly smaller than the diameter of
the aperture 4I and having prongs 48 adapted to
i'lt into the notches 39 in the disk 35. When not
in use, the tool 41 is adapted to be supported upon
50
Cn Ul
a resilient device 49 which is secured upon the re
duced portion 29 of the valve plug by the nut I9.
With the apparatus in the position shown in
Figs. 1, 2, and 5, the valve plug is locked against
rotation, and it is obvious that the only position
in which the locking means is eiïective is when
the valve is closed. As will be seen upon refer
ence to these figures, the disk 35 is in a position
Where its arms 38 engage the underside of the
plate 40 to hold the spring 31 compressed and
the bolt 32 in a position projecting through the
end of the bore 3l and into the radial port 21 in
the valve plug. The bolt thus prevents rotation
of the valve plug. With the valve plug in a posi
tion receiving the bolt 32 the tubular element 26
is in a position substantially as shown in Fig. 2,
65
that is, it is nested within the recess 4 so that no
parts thereof project outwardly of the end of the
barrel. It will also be observed upon reference
to Fig. 2 that the plate 49 is also disposed within
the recess 4. The position of the parts described
above illustrates the condition of the apparatus
at the time it leaves the brewery with the one
exception that the Federal and State revenue
seals 59 are adhered to the top surface of the
75 plate 49.
The seals ordinarily comprise paper
stickers or stamps and are glued to the top sur
face of the plate 4U in a position covering the
aperture 4I and the disk 35.
At the place of consumption air under pres
sure is forced into the keg by means of a suitable
pump attached to the valve iitting 45, an auto
mobile tire pump being an example of such pump
ing means. The tool 41 is then manually forced
from the position shown in Fig. 7 through the
seals upon the plate 43 so that its prongs 4S enter
the notches in the disk 35 and the latter is then
rotated to the position, shown in Figs. 3 and 4,
wherein the arms 38 are in line with the recesses
42, at which time the spring 31 presses the disk
35 and bolt 32 outwardly. The end of the bolt
having the retainer 34 and the disk 35 is forced
through the seals, thus mutilating the same, and
the bolt is withdrawn from the radial port 21 in
the Valve plug. The valve plug is then free for
rotation and may be moved by applying manual 20
pressure upon the tubular element 25, to move the
latter from the position shown in Fig. 2 to that
shown in Fig. 4, thus rotating the valve plug so
that the port 21 therein registers with the port
28. The liquid in the keg is then forced by the
compressed air therein upwardly through the tap
tube 29, through the ports 28 and 21, through the
passage 24 and through the tubular element 26.
As may be seen by the broken line position of the
tubular element shown in Fig. 2, when the tubular 30
element is in a position opening the valve as
above described, the outlet end thereof projects
outwardly from the side of the barrel so that a
glass or other receptacle may be held under the
same.
After the emptied keg has been returned to the
brewery the apparatus above described may be
removed and sterilized by inserting a wrench
within the notches in the collar I3 and unscrew
ing the same from the bushing boss E. It is con 40
templated that the collar I3 will be so formed as
to require the use of a special wrench for removal
of the same so as to avoid unauthorized removal
thereof.
Although a specific embodiment of the inven
45
tion has been illustrated and described it will be
understood that various changes may be made
within the scope of the appended claims Without
departing from the spirit of the invention, and
such changes are contemplated.
50
What I claim is:
1. In apparatus of the character described, a
valve body adapted for attachment to a keg, a
plate on said body adapted for the reception of
a seal, said plate having an opening therein, a 55
valve in said body, and means for engaging and
locking said valve against movement, said means
upon release movement thereof being adapted
to project through the opening in> said plate to
mutilate a seal thereon.
2. In apparatus of the character described, a
valve body adapted for attachment to a keg, a
plate on said body adapted for the reception of
a seal, said plate having an opening therein, a
valve plug in said body, means for engaging and 65
locking said valve plug against movement, means
for unlocking said valve plug, and automatic
means rendered operative by unlocking of said
plug and adapted to extend through said open
ing vfor mutilating a seal upon said plate.
70
3. In apparatus of the character described, a
valve body, a tap tube connected to said body,
means attaching said body to a keg with the tap
tube extending ther/cinto, a. valve plug in said
body, a bolt adapted to engage said plug to hold
3
2,134,852
the same against movement, resilient means nor
mally urging said bolt from engagement with said
plug, and releasable means for holding said bolt
in engagement with said plug.
4. In apparatus of the character described, a
valve body, a tap tube connected to said body,
means attaching said body to a keg with the tap
tube extending thereinto, a valve plug in said
body, a bolt adapted to engage said plug to hold
10 the same against movement, resilient means nor
mally-urging said bolt from engagement with said
plug, releasablemeans for holding said bolt in
engagement with said plug, and a plate adapted
to support a seal, said resilient means upon re
15 lease of said holding means being adapted to pro
ject an end of said bolt through a seal carried
by said plate.
.
5. In apparatus of the character described, a
valve body, a rotatable valve plug in said body,
20 said valve plug having a radial port adapted to
register with a port in said body, a bolt slidable
in said body, manual means for moving said bolt
to a position projecting into said radial port,
resilient means for retracting said bolt, and re
leasable means for holding said bolt in its pro
jected position.
'
6. In apparatus of the character described, a
valve body, a rotatable valve plug in said body,
said valve plug having a radial port adapted to
register with a port in said body, a bolt slidable 10
in said body, manual means for moving said bolt
to a position projecting into said radial port,
resilient means for retracting said bolt, releasable
means for holding said bolt in its projected posi
tion, and means adjacent the outer end of said 15
bolt adapted to support a seal whereby upon re
lease of said bolt said resilient means projects
the same through said means to mutilate a seal
carried thereby.
WILLIAM R. BOGAN.
20
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