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Патент USA US2134927

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NOV. 1, 1938.
R, PEPPIATT
2,134,927
TACK CONTAINER
Filed April
1957
INVENTOR
‘
Raga/2 Pays/vial!
BY
f 5
ATTORNEY
Patented Nov. 1, 1938
M 2,134,927
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,134,927
TACK CONTAINER
Ralph Peppiatt, Freeport, N. Y.
Application April 8, 1937, Serial No. 135,648
8 Claims. (Cl. 229-7)
This invention relates to containers in general, without the danger accompanying the handling
and particularly to what may be termed con
of tacks with bare hands.
trollable dispensing containers, especially adapt
All types of containers herelnafter described
ed for holding upholstery tacks and similar in
are intended to be used during the upholstering
Ci strumentalities intended to be dispensed from the
operation in inverted position, and are so de- 5
container at the rate they are needed or used in
signed that they may be conveniently held in
the course of an upholstering operation.
that position against the palm of the hand, where
While I am aware of the existence of various‘
containers for holding tacks, liquids, powders,
edibles, toothpicks, glue, and many other com
modities, I do not know of any specially designed
devices of this kind, which have for their particu
lar objects the objects of my invention, that is
" to provide a tack container primarily adapted
for the purpose of keeping tacks in a sterilized,
dust-proof condition while not in use, and which
is so constructed as to prevent overturning of the
by the dispensing of tacks may be controlled as
needed, by a simple manipulation of the palm or
the ?ngers against the opening of the container. 10
With the foregoing and further advantageous
objects of my invention in view, the important
features of my discovery will become more fully
apparent from the ensuing description, in con
nection with the accompanying drawing, which
latter, although depicting speci?c forms thereof,
is not intended to limit me to the actual showing,
container while at rest in its upright position, and in which
and which will facilitate a controlled feeding ~
Fig. 1 illustrates a ?lled and sealed tack con
from the container of tacks into the palm of tainer in the form of a cone;
20
the hand, when the container is inverted, and
Fig. 2 illustrates a modi?ed, re?llable form of
held in that position in one hand, while the other a tack container adapted for use by upholsterers
hand is used for the purpose of applying the buying tacks in bulk;
’
tacks.
‘
Fig. 3 is a modi?ed form of the device shown in
In the upholstery trade at present, tacks are Fig. 1 in the shape of a frustum pyramid;
being sold in bulk in relatively large boxes from
Figs. 4, 5 and 6 denote various bottom con
which an appropriate quantity of tacks is usually structions of my containers; and
taken to provide a small supply for upholstering,
Fig. 7 illustrates a container in its inverted,
' for instance, a piece of furniture. The tacks are
tack-dispensing position while being held by the
usually placed in an envelope or a small con
tainer, and are usually picked up by hand and
placed into the mouth of the worker from which
he takes tack by tack to be used. The handling
of the tacks with bare hands invariably results
v
in pricking of the skin and very often causes
infection of the Wounded ?ngers. The use of
tacks in large bulk is not only cumbersome, but
wasteful, and, as indicated, dangerous to the
worker.
The present invention is intended to obviate
the aforesaid disadvantages by providing indi
vidual, relatively small containers, wherein a sup
ply of tacks, suf?cient for any given work, may be
bought in a sealed package which remains un
A U!
opened until tacks are being actually needed, so
as to keep the tacks in a sterile condition and
dust-proof. Incidentally, such sealed ‘contain
ers are intended to prevent substitution of in
ferior material and to provide the original manu
50 facturer with a distinctly individual package
left hand of the user.
.
Referring now speci?cally to Figs. 1, 4 and 5,
30
numeral I0 denotes a sloping wall of the con
tainer which is in the shape of an entirely sealed
cone. Below the apex of the cone there is pro
vided at II a line of perforations which facilie
tatcs the permanent removal of the diminutive
cone-shaped upper portion of the container for
the purpose of providing access to the interior
of the cone and exit for the contents of the cone
When the latter is inverted and held in the palm 40
of the hand as shown in Fig. '7.
'
It will be noted that the wall of the cone con
verges at a fairly wide angle marked X, which I
have found should not be less than 60 degrees, so
that the incline or taper of the wall becomes mild- 45
ly sloping for the purpose of assuring a gradual,
slow, feeding-down of the tacks when the con
tainer is invertedand held in the palm for dis
pensing tacks therefrom. The interior of the
conevis preferably sterilized so as to hold the 50
which may be appropriately labelled to identify ' already sterilized tacks in a clean, dust-proof
the origin of manufacture.
Another object of my invention is to provide
an individual, handy tack container which may
be ?lled by the worker himself from the bulk
state, thereby minimizing the danger of injury
caused by pricking of the skin through the issuing
tacks.
The embodiment illustrated in Fig. 1 is in- 55
2,184,927
tended not only for facilitating the dispensation
of the tacks, but particularly for marketing the
tacks in relative] ?small quantities directly by
the manufacturer, ho preferably fills the con
tainer from the bottom, whereupon the con
tainer is sealed and thus sold to the trade. The
manner of sealing the container is preferably ac
> complished by providing at the bottom edge of
the container a dished plate I2 (see Figs. 4 and
10 5), the dished edge of whichis secured to the
interior ‘edge surface of the container. This
dished bottom may have either a sloping dished
?ange, as shown in Fig. 4, corresponding to the
incline or taper of the container, or the bottom
15 edge of the container may be made cylindrical,
as shown in Fig. 5, in which case the dished
member I! will have a correspondingly cylindri
cal ?ange. when the container embodiment of
Fig. i is used, the top portion of the cone is
severed from the body along perforations lland
the device is ready for use; when empty the con
tainer is disposed of.
In Fig. 3 there ‘is illustrated a container hav
ing a similar purpose as that shown in Fig. 1. In
25 this case, however, the shape of the container is a
frustum pyramid, having four mildly sloping
walls ll’, converging towards one another at
relatively wide angles X. The top of’ the con
tainer is formed from the material of the con
30 tainer, and provides a closure I3, which maybe
sealed around the top edge of the container and
may remain a part of the container when opened.
The bottom structure is similar to that shown in
Figs. 4 and 5.
35
7
Referring now to Figs. 2 and 6, here is illus
trated a hollow frustum cone having a mildly
sloping wall II”. The upper end of this modi
?ed form provides an opening H, which is in
tended to be closed by a removable stopper l5
40 whenever desired. The bottom edge of this
modified form is preferably constructed in the
shape of an annular bead l6, wherein the wall
material of the cone is turned inwardly upon it
self so as to form an interior annular ledge for a
45 resilient bottom member I2’, which may be re
be at least equal to or longer than the side of
the cone, and in a pyramidal structure, the
horizontal center lines of the base, and each
side of the base, must be either equal to or longer
than the length of any side of the pyramid.
Such construction is essential not only for the
purpose of assuring stability for my device when
resting upon its base, but for the purpose of
assuring slow and uniform feeding of the con
tents from the inverted container. The moment l0
the incline of the container sides becomes more
acute, i. e. inclined less than 60 degrees, or the
sides of the container are out of symmetry in
respect to its vertical center line, the device will
fail to accomplish its intended purpose of pro 15
viding a slow, gradual and so-to-speak “meas
ured” down-feed of its contents.
While I have shown and described specific
embodiments of my invention, it is quite evident
that improvements and modifications may be 20
incorporated therein, and that any suitable ma
terial may be employed in making the contain
ers, according to its particular purpose. Thus,
for instance, an inexpensive container may be
produced from cardboard, as well as from sheet 25
metal or other nonmetallic sheet material, as
well as from specially treated fabric. The shape
and arrangement of the container may also vary
with the particular purposes for which it is
30
intended.
By the same token, my containers need not be
used exclusively for holding upholstery tacks,
but may be employed for accommodating any
other commodities which may be advantageously
kept in and which may be desirably dispensed, in 35
a controlled fashion, from my type of container
construction, even though slight modification in
the construction may be occasioned thereby. It
is therefore obvious that changes and improve
ments may be incorporated, and I reserve for 40
myself the right to make such changes and im
provements in my invention, without departing
from the broad scope thereof, as de?ned in the
annexed claims.
I claim:
45
'
1. An invertible, sterilized, dust-proof, dis~
moved or inserted at will, by simply ?exing it in
pensing container, comprising a tapered body
the directions of arrows I or II, respectively.
This type of container is particularly intended with a substantially broad base and a closable,
for use by the trade buying tacks in large bulk. relatively small discharge opening at its apex, the
container being so arranged as to provide, when 50
50 The container is preferably ?lled from the bulk inverted, a mildly sloping wall or walls for the
in that, first, bottom I!’ is removed by thrusting
an instrumentality through opening l4, against purpose of assuring a. gradual, slow feeding-down
its center and forcing the plate outwards; second, of the contents, without undue abruptness or
the stopper I5 is inserted into opening ll and spilling, the wide base of the container serving to
prevent overturning of the container when at 55
55 the container is inverted and dipped into the
tacks so as to scoop up a sumcient quantity for
an intended job; third, the bottom is replaced by
forcing it past the interior edge of head l6 into
the position shown in full lines. Thereupon
60 stopper i5 may be removed and the container
inverted and used in the manner shown in Fig. 7
for dispensing the tacks from the container.
All the containers illustrated in the ai‘orede
scribed ?gures are provided with a relatively
broad base so as to prevent the tipping-over of
the container, when in upright position, thereby
preventing the spilling of its contents, when the
container should inadvertently remain open.
Irrespective of whether the container is either
70 conical or pyramidal, its structure must be sym
metrical in respect to the vertical center line
passing through the center of its base, and its
base dimensions must be either equal to or larger
than its side dimensions. In other words, in a
75 conical structure the diameter of the base must
rest in upright position, and wherein all parts of
the tapered body portion of the container are
symmetrically arranged about its vertical center
axis, and wherein its base dimensions are equal
to or longer than its tapered wall or walls.
2. An invertible container as set forth in claim
1, and wherein a closure is provided at the dis
charge opening for retaining the contents within
the container.
'
3. An invertible container as set forth in claim
1, and wherein the sloping walls of the container
converge at an angle of not less than sixty
degrees.
4. A tack container adapted to be used as a
controllable tack dispenser, consisting of a ta 70
pered body having a relatively broad base, its
walls converging at relatively wide angles, the
container being normally completely closed,
means provided at its top for opening it, the con
tainer, when thus opened, assuming a true frus 75
3
2,134,927
tum formation, and serving, when held inverted
against the palm of the hand, as controllable
tack dispenser, the wall structure of the con
tainer being strictly symmetrical relative to its
vertical axis passing through the center of the
base, the length of the horizontal center lines of
the base being at least as long ‘or longer than the
wall or walls of its tapered body.
,
5. In a tack container, as set forth in claim 4,
10 wherein said body is cone-shaped and interiorly
sterilized, and wherein said top opening means
15
means provided at its top for opening it, the
container, when thus opened, assuming a true
frustum formation, and serving, when held in
verted against the palm of the hand, as con
trollable tack dispenser, and wherein said top
opening means consist of a removable stopper,
and wherein the edge of the base is provided with
a circumferential bead, and a bottom held by
said head.
'
"
g
8. A tack container adapted to be used as a. 10
controllable tack dispenser, consisting of a ta
comprise a detachable cone-apex, and wherein
the base is provided with a dished member
secured to the interior face of the body at its
pered body having a; relatively broad base, its
walls converging at relatively wide angles, the
container being normally completely closed,
bottom edge.
means provided at its top for opening it, the con 15
tainer, when thus opened, assuming a true frus
tum formation, and serving, when held inverted
against the palm of the hand, as controllable
tack dispenser, and wherein said top opening
'
v
6. In a tack container, as set forth in claim 4,
wherein said top opening means comprise an
independent closure made from and remaining
a part of the container body.
,
7. A tack container adapted to be used as a
controllable tack dispenser, consisting of a, ta
pered body having a relatively broad base, its
walls converging at relatively wide angles, the
container being normally completely closed,
means consists of a removable stopper, and 20
wherein the edge of the base is provided with a
circumferential bead, and wherein a ?exible, re
movable bottom is held by said vbead.
RALPH PEPPIA'I'I‘.
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