Патент USA US2134927код для вставки
NOV. 1, 1938. R, PEPPIATT 2,134,927 TACK CONTAINER Filed April 1957 INVENTOR ‘ Raga/2 Pays/vial! BY f 5 ATTORNEY Patented Nov. 1, 1938 M 2,134,927 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,134,927 TACK CONTAINER Ralph Peppiatt, Freeport, N. Y. Application April 8, 1937, Serial No. 135,648 8 Claims. (Cl. 229-7) This invention relates to containers in general, without the danger accompanying the handling and particularly to what may be termed con of tacks with bare hands. trollable dispensing containers, especially adapt All types of containers herelnafter described ed for holding upholstery tacks and similar in are intended to be used during the upholstering Ci strumentalities intended to be dispensed from the operation in inverted position, and are so de- 5 container at the rate they are needed or used in signed that they may be conveniently held in the course of an upholstering operation. that position against the palm of the hand, where While I am aware of the existence of various‘ containers for holding tacks, liquids, powders, edibles, toothpicks, glue, and many other com modities, I do not know of any specially designed devices of this kind, which have for their particu lar objects the objects of my invention, that is " to provide a tack container primarily adapted for the purpose of keeping tacks in a sterilized, dust-proof condition while not in use, and which is so constructed as to prevent overturning of the by the dispensing of tacks may be controlled as needed, by a simple manipulation of the palm or the ?ngers against the opening of the container. 10 With the foregoing and further advantageous objects of my invention in view, the important features of my discovery will become more fully apparent from the ensuing description, in con nection with the accompanying drawing, which latter, although depicting speci?c forms thereof, is not intended to limit me to the actual showing, container while at rest in its upright position, and in which and which will facilitate a controlled feeding ~ Fig. 1 illustrates a ?lled and sealed tack con from the container of tacks into the palm of tainer in the form of a cone; 20 the hand, when the container is inverted, and Fig. 2 illustrates a modi?ed, re?llable form of held in that position in one hand, while the other a tack container adapted for use by upholsterers hand is used for the purpose of applying the buying tacks in bulk; ’ tacks. ‘ Fig. 3 is a modi?ed form of the device shown in In the upholstery trade at present, tacks are Fig. 1 in the shape of a frustum pyramid; being sold in bulk in relatively large boxes from Figs. 4, 5 and 6 denote various bottom con which an appropriate quantity of tacks is usually structions of my containers; and taken to provide a small supply for upholstering, Fig. 7 illustrates a container in its inverted, ' for instance, a piece of furniture. The tacks are tack-dispensing position while being held by the usually placed in an envelope or a small con tainer, and are usually picked up by hand and placed into the mouth of the worker from which he takes tack by tack to be used. The handling of the tacks with bare hands invariably results v in pricking of the skin and very often causes infection of the Wounded ?ngers. The use of tacks in large bulk is not only cumbersome, but wasteful, and, as indicated, dangerous to the worker. The present invention is intended to obviate the aforesaid disadvantages by providing indi vidual, relatively small containers, wherein a sup ply of tacks, suf?cient for any given work, may be bought in a sealed package which remains un A U! opened until tacks are being actually needed, so as to keep the tacks in a sterile condition and dust-proof. Incidentally, such sealed ‘contain ers are intended to prevent substitution of in ferior material and to provide the original manu 50 facturer with a distinctly individual package left hand of the user. . Referring now speci?cally to Figs. 1, 4 and 5, 30 numeral I0 denotes a sloping wall of the con tainer which is in the shape of an entirely sealed cone. Below the apex of the cone there is pro vided at II a line of perforations which facilie tatcs the permanent removal of the diminutive cone-shaped upper portion of the container for the purpose of providing access to the interior of the cone and exit for the contents of the cone When the latter is inverted and held in the palm 40 of the hand as shown in Fig. '7. ' It will be noted that the wall of the cone con verges at a fairly wide angle marked X, which I have found should not be less than 60 degrees, so that the incline or taper of the wall becomes mild- 45 ly sloping for the purpose of assuring a gradual, slow, feeding-down of the tacks when the con tainer is invertedand held in the palm for dis pensing tacks therefrom. The interior of the conevis preferably sterilized so as to hold the 50 which may be appropriately labelled to identify ' already sterilized tacks in a clean, dust-proof the origin of manufacture. Another object of my invention is to provide an individual, handy tack container which may be ?lled by the worker himself from the bulk state, thereby minimizing the danger of injury caused by pricking of the skin through the issuing tacks. The embodiment illustrated in Fig. 1 is in- 55 2,184,927 tended not only for facilitating the dispensation of the tacks, but particularly for marketing the tacks in relative] ?small quantities directly by the manufacturer, ho preferably fills the con tainer from the bottom, whereupon the con tainer is sealed and thus sold to the trade. The manner of sealing the container is preferably ac > complished by providing at the bottom edge of the container a dished plate I2 (see Figs. 4 and 10 5), the dished edge of whichis secured to the interior ‘edge surface of the container. This dished bottom may have either a sloping dished ?ange, as shown in Fig. 4, corresponding to the incline or taper of the container, or the bottom 15 edge of the container may be made cylindrical, as shown in Fig. 5, in which case the dished member I! will have a correspondingly cylindri cal ?ange. when the container embodiment of Fig. i is used, the top portion of the cone is severed from the body along perforations lland the device is ready for use; when empty the con tainer is disposed of. In Fig. 3 there ‘is illustrated a container hav ing a similar purpose as that shown in Fig. 1. In 25 this case, however, the shape of the container is a frustum pyramid, having four mildly sloping walls ll’, converging towards one another at relatively wide angles X. The top of’ the con tainer is formed from the material of the con 30 tainer, and provides a closure I3, which maybe sealed around the top edge of the container and may remain a part of the container when opened. The bottom structure is similar to that shown in Figs. 4 and 5. 35 7 Referring now to Figs. 2 and 6, here is illus trated a hollow frustum cone having a mildly sloping wall II”. The upper end of this modi ?ed form provides an opening H, which is in tended to be closed by a removable stopper l5 40 whenever desired. The bottom edge of this modified form is preferably constructed in the shape of an annular bead l6, wherein the wall material of the cone is turned inwardly upon it self so as to form an interior annular ledge for a 45 resilient bottom member I2’, which may be re be at least equal to or longer than the side of the cone, and in a pyramidal structure, the horizontal center lines of the base, and each side of the base, must be either equal to or longer than the length of any side of the pyramid. Such construction is essential not only for the purpose of assuring stability for my device when resting upon its base, but for the purpose of assuring slow and uniform feeding of the con tents from the inverted container. The moment l0 the incline of the container sides becomes more acute, i. e. inclined less than 60 degrees, or the sides of the container are out of symmetry in respect to its vertical center line, the device will fail to accomplish its intended purpose of pro 15 viding a slow, gradual and so-to-speak “meas ured” down-feed of its contents. While I have shown and described specific embodiments of my invention, it is quite evident that improvements and modifications may be 20 incorporated therein, and that any suitable ma terial may be employed in making the contain ers, according to its particular purpose. Thus, for instance, an inexpensive container may be produced from cardboard, as well as from sheet 25 metal or other nonmetallic sheet material, as well as from specially treated fabric. The shape and arrangement of the container may also vary with the particular purposes for which it is 30 intended. By the same token, my containers need not be used exclusively for holding upholstery tacks, but may be employed for accommodating any other commodities which may be advantageously kept in and which may be desirably dispensed, in 35 a controlled fashion, from my type of container construction, even though slight modification in the construction may be occasioned thereby. It is therefore obvious that changes and improve ments may be incorporated, and I reserve for 40 myself the right to make such changes and im provements in my invention, without departing from the broad scope thereof, as de?ned in the annexed claims. I claim: 45 ' 1. An invertible, sterilized, dust-proof, dis~ moved or inserted at will, by simply ?exing it in pensing container, comprising a tapered body the directions of arrows I or II, respectively. This type of container is particularly intended with a substantially broad base and a closable, for use by the trade buying tacks in large bulk. relatively small discharge opening at its apex, the container being so arranged as to provide, when 50 50 The container is preferably ?lled from the bulk inverted, a mildly sloping wall or walls for the in that, first, bottom I!’ is removed by thrusting an instrumentality through opening l4, against purpose of assuring a. gradual, slow feeding-down its center and forcing the plate outwards; second, of the contents, without undue abruptness or the stopper I5 is inserted into opening ll and spilling, the wide base of the container serving to prevent overturning of the container when at 55 55 the container is inverted and dipped into the tacks so as to scoop up a sumcient quantity for an intended job; third, the bottom is replaced by forcing it past the interior edge of head l6 into the position shown in full lines. Thereupon 60 stopper i5 may be removed and the container inverted and used in the manner shown in Fig. 7 for dispensing the tacks from the container. All the containers illustrated in the ai‘orede scribed ?gures are provided with a relatively broad base so as to prevent the tipping-over of the container, when in upright position, thereby preventing the spilling of its contents, when the container should inadvertently remain open. Irrespective of whether the container is either 70 conical or pyramidal, its structure must be sym metrical in respect to the vertical center line passing through the center of its base, and its base dimensions must be either equal to or larger than its side dimensions. In other words, in a 75 conical structure the diameter of the base must rest in upright position, and wherein all parts of the tapered body portion of the container are symmetrically arranged about its vertical center axis, and wherein its base dimensions are equal to or longer than its tapered wall or walls. 2. An invertible container as set forth in claim 1, and wherein a closure is provided at the dis charge opening for retaining the contents within the container. ' 3. An invertible container as set forth in claim 1, and wherein the sloping walls of the container converge at an angle of not less than sixty degrees. 4. A tack container adapted to be used as a controllable tack dispenser, consisting of a ta 70 pered body having a relatively broad base, its walls converging at relatively wide angles, the container being normally completely closed, means provided at its top for opening it, the con tainer, when thus opened, assuming a true frus 75 3 2,134,927 tum formation, and serving, when held inverted against the palm of the hand, as controllable tack dispenser, the wall structure of the con tainer being strictly symmetrical relative to its vertical axis passing through the center of the base, the length of the horizontal center lines of the base being at least as long ‘or longer than the wall or walls of its tapered body. , 5. In a tack container, as set forth in claim 4, 10 wherein said body is cone-shaped and interiorly sterilized, and wherein said top opening means 15 means provided at its top for opening it, the container, when thus opened, assuming a true frustum formation, and serving, when held in verted against the palm of the hand, as con trollable tack dispenser, and wherein said top opening means consist of a removable stopper, and wherein the edge of the base is provided with a circumferential bead, and a bottom held by said head. ' " g 8. A tack container adapted to be used as a. 10 controllable tack dispenser, consisting of a ta comprise a detachable cone-apex, and wherein the base is provided with a dished member secured to the interior face of the body at its pered body having a; relatively broad base, its walls converging at relatively wide angles, the container being normally completely closed, bottom edge. means provided at its top for opening it, the con 15 tainer, when thus opened, assuming a true frus tum formation, and serving, when held inverted against the palm of the hand, as controllable tack dispenser, and wherein said top opening ' v 6. In a tack container, as set forth in claim 4, wherein said top opening means comprise an independent closure made from and remaining a part of the container body. , 7. A tack container adapted to be used as a controllable tack dispenser, consisting of a, ta pered body having a relatively broad base, its walls converging at relatively wide angles, the container being normally completely closed, means consists of a removable stopper, and 20 wherein the edge of the base is provided with a circumferential bead, and wherein a ?exible, re movable bottom is held by said vbead. RALPH PEPPIA'I'I‘.