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Патент USA US2134961

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Nov. 1, 1938.
Filed Nov. 1, 1937
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Nov. 1, 1938.
|_. P. VAN DER EssEN Erv AL
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Nov. 1,]1938.
Filed NOV. 1, 1937
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Patented Nov. 1, 1938
Louis P. Van der Essen, Gioversville, and James
R. Lesser, Johnstown, N. Y
Application November 1, 1937, Serial No. 172,092
2 Claims. (Cl. 164-—29)
Our invention relates to an improved method
in the art of making gloves and to an improved
device or improved devices for improving the
manufacture of gloves.
One of the objects of the invention is to pro
vide a trank or blank having suitable openings
or perforationsthrough which the needle can be
passed, in the operation of sewing the glove, so
that it is unnecessary to force the needle through
110 the material of the glove during the sewing
Another ‘object of the invention is to provide
improved die means, whereby said‘ perforations
are formed simultaneously with the cutting out
‘a5 of the trank, and said perforations are in proper
position and alignment relative to the edge of
the trank, in order to receive the sewing thread.
Whenever we refer to a glove trank or blank,
it is to be understood that we include the various
parts of a glove, which are cut separately, and
then sewed to each other. ‘The invention can be
used in connection with one or more such parts.
Other objects are to provide means for making
the improved blank, which means can be made
at low cost and which shall be simple to operate.
Other objects of our invention will be set forth
in the following description and drawings which
illustrate a preferred embodiment thereof, it
being understood that the above statement of
the objects of our invention is intended generally
to explain the same without limiting it in any
1 is a top plan view of a die which can
be used for making a glove trank, said die hav
‘ "5 ‘ing the improved means for forming the sewing
perforations in the material of the’ trank.
Fig. 2 is a sectional view on the line 2--2 of
Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a- side elevation of Fig. 1, taken at the
f"-":~3 right-hand side thereof.
Figs.4-9 are-respectively sectional views on the
lines 4—4, 5-5, 6-6, ‘l-l,‘ 8—-8, and 9-4) of
Fig. 1.
Fig. 10 is a view similar to Fig. 1 showing the
die for cutting out and perforating the thumb
portion of the glove.
Fig. 11 is an elevation, partially in section,
taken on the line lI—-ll of Fig. 1-0.
Fig. 12 is a sectional view on the line l2--|2 of
Fig. 10.
Fig. 13 is a top plan view of a combined cut
ting die and perforating means for forming the
side portions of the ?nger ‘portions of the glove.
Fig. 14 is an elevation, partially in section, on
the line 1 4-14 of Fig. 13.
Fig. 1'? is a plan view of the blank which is
used for making the thumb of the glove.
Fig. 18 is a plan view of the blank which is
used for making the intermediate or side portions
of the ?ngers of the glove.
Fig. 19 is a plan View of the completed glove.
Fig. 20 is a detail perspective view showing
the ?nger inserts.
Fig. 21 is a partial detail sectional view, show
ing the assembly of the blanks illustrated in Fig.
16and Fig. 17.
Heretofore in manufacturing a glove of leather
or the like, it has been common practice for
many years to cut the various portions of the
glove from sheets of leather, by means of cutting .q
dies. These portions of the glove were then
sewed by hand. In using the needle, it was nec
essary to force the same through the material
of the glove and this was tedious and dif?cult
Work, especially if the glove was made of heavy .20
While the invention applies to gloves made of ~
all materials, it is particularly useful in connec
tion with the manufacture of ‘gloves made of
leather or other material which is dif?cult to 25
perforate. Likewise work done according to the
former method was time-consuming, because it
was necessary to make the stitches of uniform
length and. such work was often irregular and
unevenly spaced.
According to the improved method and mecha
nism, the cutting dies are provided with piercing
members which form the thread holes, simul
taneously with the cutting of the blank, so that
prior to the sewing, the blank is provided with preformed holes for receiving the sewing thread, i
said holes being evenly spaced and being ar
ranged in suitable parallel relation to the edge
or edges of the blank.
Fig. 1 shows a die I, for cutting and perforat
ing the main portion of the glove. This die has
a base 2.
The front edge of the base 2 is provided with
an adjustable support 3, which is of angular
cross-section, and which is used for supporting
one of the cutting knives and two series of per
forating members.
I As shown in vFig. l and Fig. 8, said supporting
member 3 is provided with lugs 3a having longi
tudinal slots 3' and t’. Clamping screws 5 ad .50
justably connect the lugs to to the base 2, so that
.the member 3 can be adjusted to and fro along
a longitudinal line, and said member 3 can then
be clamped in adjusted position.
The member 3 has a knife 4 detachably con 5.5
nected thereto by any suitable means, such as‘
Fig. 15 is a sectional view on the line 15-45
fastening members 6. An angular support 1 is
of Fig. 13.
Fig. 16 is a plan view of the main body of ‘the
connected to the member 3, by means of fasten
ing members 8. The members 3 and 1 have
.160 blank.
smooth and snugly abutting adjacent faces. ‘ so .
Therefore, the longitudinal slit which is formed
by the knife II], will extend to the rear edge of the
Perforating members P are held in the mem
ber ‘I.
In this particular embodiment two parallel
glove blank at all times.
shown in Fig. 1.
In ?nishing the rear edge of the blank, said
rear edge is turned inwardly until the holes
which have been formed by the two series of
members P are superposed in aligned pairs, and
10 the sewing thread T is then passed through said
aligned pairs of holes, as shown at the bottom of
Fig. 19.
The piercing members P have pointed portions
of the usual type, and they also have shanks
15 which may be cylindrical or slightly tapered. A
and 24. These knives are made of the shape
shown in Figs. 1 and 2 and portions of the adja- '
cent edges of the knife members I‘! and I9
closely abut each other, as indicated in Fig. 1.
This is also clearly shown in Fig. 4.
Knives I8 and 24 also have abutting edge por
tions. These abutting edge portions act like
single knife edges.
Base 2 has integral upstanding ?anges 2a and 15
As shown in Figs. 4 and 5, knife I1 is connected
slightly tapered shape is preferred.
The tapered shanks of the piercing members P
are located removably in bores of corresponding
shape which are provided in the member ‘I.
Hence members P cannot move outwardly rela
tive to member 1, but members P can be moved
to flange 2a by screws 28.
Knife I8 is connected to ?ange 25 by screws 21.
Angular supports 28 and 28a are detachably 20
connected to_?anges 2a and 217, by screws 29.
Said supports 28 and 29a abut the rear walls
inwardly relative to member ‘I, and be separated
therefrom, when member ‘I is'separated from
member 3.
The side edges of the principal glove blank,
and the ?nger portions of said principal blank,
are cut by means of knives I‘I, I8, I9, 20, 2|, 22, 23
rows of members P are supported in member ‘I, as
of blocks I1’ and I8’.
Piercing members [10 and I80 are respectively
Hence, if a piercing member P be
tached from the member 3, and the defective
piercing member P can be readily removed and
vmounted in supports 28 and 28a, which are con
nected to ?anges 2a and 2b‘ by screws 29.
Piercing members I‘Ia and I8a are mounted re
spectively in the blocks I1’ and I8’. ,
25 comes blunt or broken, the member 'I can be de
The inner ends of the piercing members P rest
30 upon the adjacent surface of the member 3.
Hence it is unnecessary to provide solder or any
permanent connection between the piercing
members and member ‘I, although such perma
These blocks I1’ and I8’ are connected to
?anges 2a and 2b by screws 25.
The knives I1 and I8 are respectively connect
ed to the blocks I1’ and I8’ by screws 26 and 21.
Knives I9, 29, 2|, 22, 23, and .24 are clamped be
tween the blocks B and between the correspond
nent connection could be used if desired.
In the particular embodiment illustrated, a
longitudinal slit is formed in the body of the
ing blocks I8’, 29', 2|’, 22', 23', and 24’. Said 35
knives can be secured detachably to said blocks
- glove, at the line 9 which is indicated in Fig. 16.
Blocks B are connected to base 2 by bolts 26a,
Itis to be understood that many different types
of gloves can be manufactured by suitably vary
40 ing the cutting knives or cutting members, and
that the invention is not to be limited to the par
ticular type of glove which is illustrated herein.
The slit along the line 9 is formed by the knife
Ill, which is shown in Fig. 1 and in, Fig. 9. Per
whose heads are located in countersunk recesses
which are provided in the top surfaces of blocks B.
Piercing members I9a, 20a, Zia, 22a, 23a, 24a.
are respectively mounted in blocks I9’--24’, which
are detachably connected to blocks B, by screws
The type of glove which is disclosed herein, is 45
cording to the design indicated in Fig. 16, by provided with triangular inserts 50, at the bases
of the ?nger portions of the glove. These inserts
means of piercing members P'~ which are ar
ranged according to a corresponding design; as 50 are made from the triangular blanks 5 I, which
shown in Fig. 1.
are shown in Fig. 16.
by means of screws or other fastening mem
screw 33 to a block 32 which has the same tri
supporting member I2.
The member I2 is connected to the member I I,
The butt ends of the piercing members P’ are
60 therefore supported upon the adjacent surface of
the member II.
passing through slots I8 of the member II.
threaded ends of the members 14 are connected
to the correspondingly threaded walls of bores or
recesses which are formed in the base 2.
' ‘ Therefore the assembled members II, I2 and
P’ can be adjusted longitudinally.
As shown in Fig. l, the knife l9 projects beyond
70 the rear edge of the top wall of the member 1,
so that the rear end of the knife I0 abuts the
transverse knife 4. The members 3 and II are
longitudinally adjusted simultaneously, so as to
preserve said relative positions ‘*of the knives 4
angular shape as said knife 30’. Said screw 33
also connects the blocks 32 to the adjacent
block B.
Clamping screws or bolts I4 have their shanks
bers I5.
other suitable manner, to the support II.
piercing members P’ are of the same general con
struction as the piercing members P. Said
piercing members P’ are located in bores of a
Three of such triangular inserts are provided. 50
These inserts are cut by means of knife members
39, 30’ and 38?. The knives 39 and 30’ are directly
adjacent the knives I9 and 24. The knife mem
bers 39 and 30’ and their associated parts are 0
identical construction.
This construction and assembly are shown in
Fig. 6, which shows the knife 30’ connected by a
The knife I0 is connected removably or in any
The piercing points 3Ia which are associated
with. the knife 39’, are held in a supplemental
block 3| which is connected to the block 32 by
means of suitable screws or other fastening
As shown in Fig. 1, a portion of'the knife 302
is close to a portion of the knife 34 so that said
closely adjacent portions form a single cutting
As shown in Fig. 1 and in Fig. '7, the knife mem
ber 392 consists of two branches in angular rela
tion, the third edge of said knife member 3|]2 com
prising a portion of the knife 34. The knife 34 is
connected to a block 35 which is connected to the ‘15
base 2, by means of screws or other fastening
members 36. The shanks of said screws 36 pass
through longitudinal slots 31 of said block 35 so
that the block 35 can be longitudinally adjusted.
Piercing points 34a are held in three separate
blocks or holders 38, 39, 4|].
The blocks 38 and 39 are of angular cross-sec—
tion as shown in Fig. '7 and they are connected to
the member 35 by screws or other suitable fasten
10 ing devices. The block 40 is connected to the
block 35, by means of fastening screws 4 I.
The piercing points are held in said blocks 38,
39 and 40, in the manner previously described.
Piercing points 42 are also associated with the
15 knife member 302 and said piercing points 42 are
held in the block 43, which is connected by means
of a screw 44 to a block 45. Said block 45 is held to
the block 35 by means of a screw 46 whose head is
countersunk in the corresponding surface of the
20 block 35.
In the particular embodiment described,
decorative stitching is provided along the lines 52.
The perforations for said lines of decorative
stitching are formed by piercing points 41 which
illustrated in Fig. 13 is the member 54 which
is shown in Fig-18.
Figs. 19-21 conventionally illustrate the as
sembly of various parts of the glove. These ?g
ures also show the sewing thread T which is
passed through the sewing perforations S which
have been formed by the piercing points.
Therefore the operator has a sure and reliable
guide for assembling the portions of the glove
blank in proper relation, thus providing sewing 10
which is absolutely uniform and of high quality.
According to the invention, the thread-receiv
ing perforations are formed while cutting the
blank. However, the invention is not limited to
a methodwhereby the cutting means and the 15
perforating means operate simultaneously‘. It is
preferred to have the piercing members pene
trate the material before or while the cutting
means operate, but this is not absolutely neces
sary, and the invention is not to be so restricted. 20
The preferred device shows the cutting means
and the perforating means rigidly connected to
the base of the device, and immovable relative
to said device, while the device is being used.
However, it would not be departing from the in 25
are held in a block 48. Said block 48 is connect
ed by suitable screws to a block 49, which is held , vention if the perforating means or the cutting
to the base 2 by means of bolts 60.
The bolts 60 have their shanks passing through
longitudinal slots 6| of the blocks 49, in order to
30 permit longitudinal adjustment of the block 49.
In order to use the device illustrated in Fig. 1,
a sheet of leather or other suitable material is
placed upon the edges of the cutting knives and
over the piercing members, and suitable pressure
is applied to the sheet of leather by means of
members made of wood or other material which
can be easily pierced or out.
For example the leather blank may be laid upon
a wooden table and the device shown in Fig. 1 can
40 be inverted and pressed against said leather blank
so as to cut and perforate said leather blank.
The triangular pieces which are formed by the
knife members 30 and 30' and 3112 preferably re
main integral with the main body of the blank,
45 as illustrated in Fig. 16.
The thumb piece 53 of the glove is formed by
the die member 62, having a knife 63 connected
thereto by means of screws 62a. The piercing
members 63a are held in a block 64, which is suit
50 ably connected to the member 62 by means of
In the particular embodiment shown, the ?n
ger portions of the glove are provided with the
usual inserts 54. Said inserts 54 are cut by
55 means of a die member 10, having the knife 66
connected thereto by means of screws 61. A
slitting knife 66a is detachably mounted in mem
ber 15, and it is clamped between blocks 69 and
69',"which are connected by screws 65 to member
60 10. Piercing members 68’ are mounted in blocks
69 and 69'.
Generally speaking, the dies for cutting out
- the sections of the glove can be of the usual type
so that a further detailed description thereof is
not necessary as the invention changes the usual
method of manufacturing the glove, only in
forming the thread holes in proper spacing and
in proper relation to the cut edges of the blank.
Therefore reference can be made to well known
means, or both, were mounted movably relative
to the base, so as to move perpendicular to the
base. In such case, it is preferred to have the
knives and piercing members operate in ?xed lat 30
eral relation, so that the perforations are formed
accurately relative to the edges or slits which are
formed by the knives.
All the parts of the device are detachable from
each other and from the base or its ?anges. The 35
piercing members and their supports are gen
erally of the same construction, so that the butt
ends of the piercing members abut rigid surfaces
of the die-means, and defective piercing mem
bers can be readily replaced.
Numerous changes and omissions can be made
in the details herein, without departing from
the spirit of the invention.
We claim:
1. A device for cutting a glove blank and for 45
perforating thread-receiving openings in said
blank, said device having cutting means for cut
ting the blank, said device also having perforated
supporting means, perforating members remov
ably located in the perforations of said support
ing means, said perforating members having
pointed portions which project outwardly of said
supporting means, each said supporting means
being connected to a base member, the inner
ends of said perforating members abutting a sur 55
face of said base member.
2. A device for cutting a glove blank and for
perforating thread-receiving openings in said
glove blank, said device having cutting means
for cutting the blank, said device also having 60
perforated supporting means connected thereto,
perforating members removably held in operative
position in the perforations of said supporting
means, said perforating members having pointed
ends which project outwardly of said supporting 65
means, and additional means removably con
nected to said supporting means and holding the
perforating members against inward movement
relative to said supporting means.
70 practice for any further details of the dies and of I
their knives, and of the gloves.
The glove member which is formed by the die
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