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Патент USA US2135093

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‘Nov. 1-, 1938.
Original Filed'May 7, 1935
5 Sheets-Sheet l
Nov- 1, 1938.
Original Filed May 7, 1955
s Sheets-Sheet 2
2H5 - --w.
+36 ’
j; /7. _2¢
6 _
' f I
H. M‘ Abrams
Nov. 1, 1938.
' ~
_ ‘2,135,093 ~ I
Original Filed May 7, 1935
‘,1 1
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
'1 "I
Patented Nov. 1, 1938
PATENT Torr-1c}:
UNITED .s'mrEsv
Horace M. Abrams, Cambridge, N. Y.',‘assignor to
D. G. Ashton and Spencer~B. Eddy, receivers
1 for Jerome B. Rice Seed 00., Cambridge, Mass,
a corporation of New York
Application May 7, 1935, Serial’ No; "20,252
Renewed September 6,1938
2 Claims.
(01. 248-152)
Referring in detail to the drawingsiand partic
ularly to Figure 4; the ‘numeral 5 generally desig
packages and the like, and an'important object
of my invention is to provide a device of this kind
which includes a, number of individual containers
suitable for shipping quantities of the seed pack
ages and the like, the same being adjustable to
hold the seed packages or the like in orderly
display condition in connection with a rack por
tion, thereby in effect providing a stand contain
ing a number of shelves.
Another important object of my invention is to
provide a cardboard or similar material combined _
container and display device, which produces a
minimum of shipping bulk in addition to the bulk
of the feed packages or the like, and which al
though rugged and attractive in form and me
chanically e?icient, is relatively ‘inexpensive and
is very easy to manufacture. 1
Other important objects’of my invention are to
provide removable display trays separably and
nates the 'rack which is formed of a suitable piece
of cardboard either plain or corrugated, and hav- 1,
ing the upper edge 6 parallel to the lower ‘edge 1 ‘5
and‘ inwardly of the ends of these edges the fold
lines 8’ and 9 which are parallel to each other. I A
third fold‘line I0 is arranged parallel to and close
to the bottom edge ‘I. Aligned with the fold 8 is
_ the right angular‘ side of a V-shaped‘notch ‘ll 10
.whose hypotenuse side is'provided with a hook
shaped locking tongue l2 to'engage a properly
angulated slot I3 inwarlyof the right angular side
H. ‘A similar V-shaped notch M has the hy
potenuse side formed with the locking tongue I5 16
to engage the ‘slot I6. The lower edge 1 and the
V-shaped notchesand the fold line Illv de?ne the
left hand bottom ?ange l‘l,v the right hand bottom
?ange I8, and the back or center bottom ?ange
l9, when the blank'is folded on'the vertical fold v20
ing lines 8 and 9 and the ?anges folded on the
interchangeably mounted on a cardboard frame;
a unique and ef?cient means of combining‘ the
.fold line 10.
trays with the frame; separable 'meansextending
between the front and back of the trays to posi
tively prevent bulging of the front of the trays
when ?lled and while being ?lled, together with
support, in the manner of a base for affording a
steady support to the‘ rack upon a supporting 25
surface. In order ‘to give these ?anges a still
means on the back of the tray to prevent bulging
of the back of the tray, the last-mentioned means
30 functioning also to engage and assist in prevent
ing the sagging of a tray next above while in posi
tion on the rack; and to so arrange the said
means on the back of the tray'that it 'may, be
utilized to engage and protect the contents of the
35 tray while the tray is in shipment or storage; and
to provide both integral and separable partitions
or separators for the trays.
Other important objects and advantages of my
invention will be apparent from a reading of the
following description in connection with the
drawings, wherein for purposes of illustration I
have shown a preferred embodiment of my inven
In the drawings:—
My invention relates generally to means ‘for,
containing and displaying such-articles as seed
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the invention
showing a plurality of display containers mount
ed on the cooperating rack. -
Figure 2 is a transverse vertical sectional view
taken therethrough.
Figure 3 is a fragmentary perspective view of
the inside of one of the containers.
Figure 4 is a plan view of the blank from which
the rack is formed.
Figure 5 is a plan view of the blank from which
one of the trays or containers is formed.
The bottom ?anges provide reinforcement and
greater supporting effect, the tongues l2, l5 are
engaged with the respective slots l3, l6. By this
arrangement the triangular portions 20 and 2|
are held in the desired angular relationship to the .30
back part of the rack, so that the progressively '
forwardly and vertically spaced similar tabs 22 on
the part’ 20 and 23 on the part 2| extend ap
proximately in parallel position for engaging and
supporting trays or containers.
' Each tray or container which is generally
designated 24 ‘is formed from a generally rec
tangular blank of plain'or corrugated cardboard
or the like, as indicated in Figure 5.
Two parallel longitudinally extending fo-ld lines 40
25 and 26 de?ne the bottom of the container and ’
in longitudinal extension of this bottom are the
end projections 21 and 28 each of which is com
posedof an outer ?ap portion 29 and an inner
?ap portion 30. These ?ap portions are de?ned 45
by respective fold lines 3| and 32, and each inner
flap 3!! has adjacent its lower end "(when in post
tion) a fold line 33 ‘which'results‘in the foot 34
which rests on the bottom of the container as will 50
be hereinafter pointed out.‘
Parallel to the fold line 26 ‘is the fold line 35 _
which de?nes the back 36 and the back bracing
and reinforcing ?ange 31.
' '
A fourth fold line 38 de?nes the locking and re
' 2,135,093
inforcing ?ange 4| which ?ange has the spaced
vertical slots 39 and 40 therein.
The back 36 has at longitudinally spaced inter
vals thereof the fan-shaped tabs 42 and 43 which
are conveniently cut out of the material of the
back and are foldable on the fold lines 44 and 45.
Locking tabs 46 are provided on the free ends of
these partitions or separator tabs 42 and 43.
As will be explained the locking tabs or ?ngers
10 46_are to be engaged with the slots 39 and 40v
in the looking ?ange 4|.
described above, there is left between the respec
tive back and front ?aps and the corresponding
inside endtabs a space or “slot” to slidably re
ceive the corresponding one of the parallel tabs
22 and 23 on the rack. With these rack ?aps en Cl
gaged as indicated the container or tray is pushed
rearwardly until the end of the slot de?ning the
particular, rack tab is reached, whereat the tray
or container will be properly positioned.
As clearly shown in Figure 2, the back ?anges
31 engagev the bottom of the next above container
or tray so as to give support thereto. Another
effect of this arrangement is to afford additional
support and rigidity to the back of the next lower
. tray through the coaction of the ?ange with the 15.
back. It will also be observed that the double
thickness of the front ?ange not only produces
The longitudinal ?ange 31 which is 'on the
upper edge of the back of the container stops at
the opposite end fold lines 41 and 48, respectively.
15 These fold lines de?ne in conjunction with the
longitudinal slots 49 and 50 and the opposite
edges of the projections 21 and 28, the front side
?aps 5| and the back side ?aps 52. The opposite 'a more secure‘ locking of the ?ngers on the inte
ends of the locking ?ange 4| are disengaged from gral partitions or separators, but also affords ad
, ditional strength at the front of the container 20
20 the front ?aps 5|.
to prevent bulging. Further, the back flange 31
With the rack 5 set up in the manner} indi
cated'and the base forming ?anges looked as de
scribed, the trays‘ or containers may bepushed
into place thereon with a sliding motion.
In order to fold the blank constituting each
tray 24, I have found it convenient, although
there are other ways of folding the containers, to
?rst fold the front end ?aps on the fold lines 41
and top of the contents of the container during
shipment. The rack combined with the trays 25
are su?iciently strongly connected to enable lift
ing and carrying the device as a whole from
place to place either with all of the containers
and 48 to a vertical position, then to fold on the
in place or with one or with more than one but
line38; then to fold the projections 21 and 28
less than all of the containers in place thereon. 30
Although I have shown‘and described herein a
preferredembodiment of my invention, it is to be
de?nitely understood that I do not desire to limit
on the fold lines 41 and 48 sonas to vertically po
sition these projections; then to fold on the lines
35 so as to put the back?ange 31 in a right angu
lar position and then'to bring the back up on
35 the line 25, at the same time bringing the front
up on the line 25, so that the end flaps 5| and 52
canthen overlap and the end ?aps 30 folded in
wardly and downwardly on the fold lines 3| and
32 so as to lie against the inner side of the inner
40 one of the end ?aps with the feet 34 folded at
right angles on the folds 33 so as to lie on the
?oor or bottom. The weight of the contents of
the tray or container on the feet will positively
lock the end ?aps 39 in looking engagement with
the front and back side ?aps. The vertical in
wardly extending ?anges ‘53 which are. on the
front, 54'extend sufficiently inwardly in front of
the contents of the container to afford lateral
support thereto and support also to the forward
and ‘the ?ange 4|, prior to being‘ bent down‘into
position, afford good protection to the front
edges of the locking end?aps 39.
The front ?ange 4| is bent downwardly and
inwardly so asftov lie against the back of the
front 54. The ?ngers 46 on the fan-shaped sep
arators 42 and 43 are then passed through the
slots 39 and 4|], so as to lock the front and back
55 in parallel relation and hold these separators pos
itively in position across the interior of the con
tainer and above the upper edge of the front, as
clearly indicated.
Additional removable separators the form of
which is clearly shown in Figure 3 and generally
designated by the numeral 55 are, of the general
triangular form shown and have at their lower
ends the lateral ?ange 56 forming afoot for
resting on the bottom of the container. The
weight of the contents‘ of the container upon'the
' foot 55', together with the lateral support afforded
by the contents will hold the removable separa
tors or partitions in the desired positions within
and across‘ the interior of the containers. ‘
With the various side‘ and end ?aps folded as
the application of the'invention thereto, and any
change or changes may be made in the materials, 35
and in the structure .and arrangement of the
parts, within the. spirit of the invention and the
scope of thesubjoined claims.
What is claimed is:_-'
V l. A, display rack‘ comprising a folded card
board support having projections, a folded card
board tray on said support and removably'con
nected to said projections,rthe opposite ends of
the tray being composed of overlapped side ?aps
and a projection including an inside end ?ap and 45
an outside end ?ap, Lsaid outside end ?aplying
along the outside of the :outer one‘of said side
?aps and said inside end ?ap lying along the‘in
ner'side of the inner one of said side ?aps, so as‘
to lock the various ?aps in position, the projec
tions on the support being removably engaged
between the outer side ?aps and the inner side
of the outside end ?ap and under the junction of
the outside and inside?aps. ,
V 2. ‘A display rack comprising a folded card
board support having projections, a folded card
board tray on said support and removably con
nected to said projections, said support compris
ing a blank folded on two' spaced vertical lines
toprovide a base wall and two opposite right so
angular ‘side wallsextending forwardly from the
back wall,_said projections being formed on the
‘front edges of said side walls, a ?ange on the
lower part of each of said back wall and both side
walls, and arranged to lie on a supporting surface 65
to reinforce and lend rigidity. to the various walls,
and separable connection means for connecting
the opposite ends ofjthe back wall ?ange to the
adjacent ends of the side wall‘?anges. .
Patent No. 2,155,095.
November 1, 1958.
It is hereby certified that the address of‘ the assignee in the above
numbered patent was erroneously described and specified as "Cambridge,
Massachusetts" whereas said address should have b een described and speci
fied as Cambridge, New York, as shown by the record of assignments in
this office;
and that the said Letters Patent shouldbe read. with this
correction therein that the same may conform
in the Patent Gffice.
to the record of the case
‘ signé'd and sealed this '(th day of February, A. D. 1959.‘
Henry Van Arsdale.
Acting Commissioner of Patents.
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