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Патент USA US2135120

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Nov. 1, 1938.
w. H. BASELT.
2,135,120
BRAKE ARRANGEMENT
Filed June 17, 14935
5 sheets-snm 1
Nov. 1, 1938.
W. H. BASELT
2,135,120
BRAKE ARRANGEMENT
Filed June 17, 1935
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
Nov. 1, 1938.
»
W. H. BASELT
2,135,120
BRAKE ARRANGEMENT
Filed June 17, 1935 v
CBWM,
5 SheetS-Shee't 5
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Nov. 1, 1938. `
W. H. BASELT
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_ 2,135,120
BRAKE ARRANGEMENT
Filed June 17, 1935
5 Sheets-Sheet 4
Nov. 1, 1938.
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w.` H. BAsEL~T
BRAKE
2,135,120
ARRANGEMENT
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Filed June‘l'ï, 1935
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Patented Nov. 1, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT oFEicE
2,135,120
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BRAKE AERANGEMENT
Walter H. Baselt, Chicago, Ill., assigner to Amer
ican Steel Foundries, Chicago, Ill., a corpo
ration of vNew Jersey
Application June 17, 1935, Serial Nc.l 27,066
39 Claims. (Clf 18S-56)
il"
This invention pertains to brake mechanism.
tion of the truck construction illustrated in Fig- '
It is desirable in some constructions of trains
ures 5 and 6;
effective and powerful enough to handle the loads
5 imposed upon it, still is disposed so as not to re
strict the space-between the end rails and side
frames of the truck.
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Figure 8 is an enlarged fragmentary transverse
sectional elevation taken substantially in the
plane of the transverse center line of the truck. i5;
Referring'ñrst of all more particularly tothe
construction illustrated in Figures l to 4 inclu
sive, wlfiiclrir may be used for either a motor or
trailer truck„the truck frame l!! includes spaced
or cars to provide brake equipment which, while
This is particularly true in
the present high speed type of trains wherein the
motors are mounted on certain of the trucks, and
10 other trucks are used to articulate adjacent cars,
Itis therefore an object of this invention to pro
vide a brake mechanism which will be effective
Vends
sideframes
thereof'by
I2 integrally
means ofconnected
the end rails
adjacent
I4, and
the
integrallyfconnected inwardly of said end rails by
for braking operation of high speed trains, yet is
disposed to provide ample clearance for the
means of ’ the transverse spaced
transoms > i6
adapted-to accommodate a bolster (not shown).
The side frame, in the modification shown, is
15 mounting of the car bodies and the driving mech
provided with the spaced pedestals I8 adapted to
anism.
Another object is to provide'a brake mechanism` receive journal means (not shown) Such as a jour
whichïis simple in iorm,`inexpensive to make and
nal box adapted to have cooperative relation with
maintain, and may be provided for each wheel
the journal ends of the wheel and axle assem
blies 25]; The spaced journal means are provided 20
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20 `and axle assembly.
Yet another object is to provide a brake mecha- nism which is flexible and may be provided-with
with the longitudinally extending equalizer 22
disposed between said journal boxes and provided
operating means disposed transversely of> the
with the usual resilient means such as springs, ’
truck.
indicated generally'at 24,'interposed _between said
Y
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25 " A further object is to provide. brake mecha
equalizers and 'sideî frames. Y
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.
25
As each of the wheel and axle assemblies dis
nism wherein automatic slack adjusting means is
provided, which mechanism may lbe disposed -pesed at opposite ends of the truck is provided
transversely of the truck.A
Y
with individual' brake mechanism, it will be suf
-
With these and various other objects in view,
30 the invention may consist of certain novel fea
tures of construction and operation as will be
merals indicating corresponding parts of the sim
more fully described and particularlypointed out
in the specification, drawings andV claims ap'-`
ilar mechanism of the other wheel and axle as
pended hereto.
y35
ficient to describe the mechanism for only a sin
gle wheel and axle assembly, corresponding nu
`
In the drawings, which'illustrate embodiments
of the device, and wherein like reference charac
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the plane` ofthe wheel is pivotally `connected. as _
at Eli, the lower end of said dead truck lever be-- 40
40 brake mechanism embodying the invention;
Figure 2 is a side elevation of the truck con
ing pivotal‘ly connected as at 32 to the brake head
Sflprovided with the brake shoes 35 adapted to '
have brakingl'c‘ooperation with the periphery of
struction and brake mechanism illustrated in Fig
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ate in opposite directions.
-_ 26 to which the `dead truck lever 28 disposed in
Figure 1 is a top plan View of a truck con'
1;
ing cylinders at -opposite ends of the truck oper 35
The transom` It Vis provided Vwith the bracket
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struction having applied thereto one 'form' of
ure
sembly, it being noted, however, that the hori
zontally disposed ktransversely extending operat
'
ters are used to designate like parts-
30
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the `wheel adjacent the inner side thereof.` The
dead trucklevers lon opposite sides of the truck 45
are preferably connected by straps 3l connected
ures 1 and 2;
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- Figure 4 is an enlarged fragmentary transverse at the pivots 32. The dead truck lever 28 is piv
sectional elevation taken substantially in the plane Y, otally connected intermediate the ends thereof
as at
to the inner and outer spaced straps 40
ef the transverse center line of the truck;
50A Figure 5 is a top plan view of a truck construc- » and 42 embracing-the wheel and being pivotally 50
tion having applied thereto a modified form of connected as at E@ to the live truck lever 46 in
termediate the ends thereof, said live lever being
brake mechanism- embodying the'invention;
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likewise disposed in the plane of the wheel, the
Figure 6 is a side elevationof the truck con
Figure 3 is an enlarged fragmentary end eleva
45 tion of the truck construction illustrated in Fig
structionillustrated in Figure 5;
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Figure 7 is an enlarged fragmentary end'eleva
,
spaced straps being disposed above the axle of
thewheel and axle assembly. ì Y
55
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2,135,120
The lower end of the live truck lever is pivotally
connected as at 48 to the brake head 50 provided
with the brake shoe 52 adapted to have braking
cooperation with the periphery of the wheel on
the outer side thereof. The hanger link 54 is
pivotally connected as at 48 to the brake head and
live truck lever, and is pivotally connected as at
,56 to the side frame for pivotally supporting the
live truck lever and its associated mechanism.
10 The upper end of the live truck lever is pivotally
connected as at 58 to the clevis 60 which is pivot
ally connected as at 62 to the outer arm 64 of the
dead bell crank or dead frame lever 66 pivotally
connected as at 10 to the bracket 12 provided on
15 the truck frame inwardly of the wheels, said bell
crank being substantially horizontally disposed.
The inner arm 14 of the bell crank is pivotally
connected as at 16 to the clevis 18, which is pivot
ally connected as at 80 to the upper end of the
20
upwardly and inwardly extending live cylinder
lever 82, the lower end of said live cylinder lever
being pivotally connected as at 84 to the piston
or push rod 86 of the operating cylinder 88. A
bracket 89 may be provided on the side frame to
25 slidably support the live cylinder lever.
The live
cylinder lever is pivotally connected intermediate
side frames ||2 connected adjacent the ends
thereof by the end rails | I4. The side frames are
connected inwardly of said end rails by means of
the spaced transoms ||6 adapted to accommo
date a bolster (not shown). The side frame in
this modification is provided with the spaced
pedestals ||8 adapted to receive journal means
(not shown) such as a journal box adapted to
have cooperative engagement with theV journal
means of the wheel and axle assemblies |20. The l0
spaced journal means are provided with a longi
tudinally extending equalizer |22 disposed be
tween said journal boxes and provided with the
usual resilient means such as springs, indicated
generally at |24, interposed between said equal
izers and‘side frames.
As each of the wheel and axlev assemblies dis
posed at opposite ends of the truck is provided
with individual brake mechanism, it will be suf
ficient to describe the mechanism for only a
singleV wheel and axle assembly, corresponding
numerals indicating corresponding parts of simi
Referring now more particularly to the con
elusive, which is particularly applicable for trailer
75 trucks, the truck frame ||0 includes the spaced
20l
lar mechanism of the other wheel and axle assem
bly, it being noted; however, that the horizontally
disposed transversely extending operating cylin 25
ders for the mechanism at the opposite ends of
the ends thereof as at 90 to the pull rod 92 which lthe truck operate in opposite directions.
is preferably disposed above the brake cylinder,
The end rail H4 is provided with the bracket
the other end of said pull rod being pivotally |28 to which `the dead truck lever |28 is pivotally
30 connected as at 94 to the upwardly and inwardly connected as at |30, said truck lever being dis
extending dead cylinder lever 96 intermediate posed in the plan-e of the wheel. The lower end
the ends thereof. A bracket 95 may be provided of said truck lever is pivotally connected as at |32
on the truck frame to slidably support said dead to the outer brake head |34 provided with the
` cylinder lever. The lower end of said dead cylin
brake shoe |36 adapted to have braking operation
35 der lever is pivotally connected as at 98 to the with the periphery of the wh-eel adjacent the outer
automatic slack adjuster |00 provided on the side thereof. The dead truck levers on opposite
operating cylinder 88 and extending in a direction sides of the truck are preferably connected by
opposite .to the direction of operation of the pis
straps |31 connected at the pivotsy |32. The dead
ton. 'I'hough the cylinder is shown as provided truck lever |28 is pivotally connected interme
40 with an automatic slack adjuster, the slack ad
diate the ends thereof as at |38 to the inner and
juster may be provided on thetruck frame, or the outer spaced straps |40 and |42 and embracing
cylinder may be provided with a manual slack the wheel, said straps being pivotally connected
_adjuster or a bracket provided with a plurality of as at |44 to the live truck lever |46 intermediate
apertures for receiving the pivotal connection be
the ends of said lever, said lever being likewise
dispos-ed in the plane of the wheel, the spaced
45 tween the dead cylinder lever and its support.
In operation of this form of brake mechanism straps being disposed above the axle of the wheel
the cylinders at opposite ends of the truck may and axle assembly.
be selectively operated separately, serially or si
The lower end of the live truck lever is piv
multaneously. Assuming the brakes to be in otally connected as at |48 to the brake head
50 released position, outward movement of the pis-V |50 provided with the brake shoe |52 adapted to
ton 86 causes the lower end of the live cylinder have cooperation with the periphery of the
lever to be >moved outwardly toward its adjacent Wheel on the inner side thereof. The hanger
side frame, thus causing similar movement of link |54 is pivotally connected as at | 48 to the
the pull rod 92, moving the dead cylinder lever brake head and live truck lever and is pivotally
connected as at |56 to a suitable bracket pro
55 inwardly about its pivot 98. Continued move
ment of the live cylinder lever causes the upper vided on the side frame for pivotally supporting
end of the live cylinder lever to be moved in
the live truck lever and its associated mecha
wardly, and inward movement of the upper ends nism. The upper end of they live truck lever
of the live and dead cylinder levers causes move
is pivotally connected as at |58 to the clevis
|60 which is pivotally connected as at |62 to
60 ment inwardly of the arm 14 of the bell crank
66, thus causing the upper end of the live truck the outer arm |64 of the dead bell crank or
' levers to be moved toward their adjacent end
dead frame lever |66 pivotally connected as at
rails. This movement of the live truck lever
|10 to the bracket |12 provided on the truck
causes the straps 40 and 42 to move the dead frame between the side frame and transom.
The inner arm |14 of the bell crank is piv
65 truck lever to apply the brake shoe 36. Con
tinued movement of the upper end of the live otally connected as at |16 to the clevis |18 which
truck lever 46 will cause movement about the is pivotally connected as at |80 to the upper
pivot 44 to apply the outer brake shoe 52. Return `end of the substantially vertically disposed live
movement of the piston will of course operate the cylinder lever |82, the lower end of said live
70 brake mechanism to release the brakes in a direc » cylinder lever being pivotally connected as at
tion opposite to, that of applied position.
|84 to the piston or push rod |86 of the operat
struction such as illustrated in Figures 5 to 8 in
15
30
85
40
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70
ing cylinder |88. The live cylinder lever is piv
otally connected intermediate the ends thereof
as at |90 to the pull rod |92 which is prefer
ably vdisposed above the brake cylinder and po 15
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sitionedV by spaced brackets |94, the other end Vging-having cooperative relation to one of said
of'said pull rod >being pivotally connected as at ‘ wheels, said rigging including a live and dead
|96l to the dead cylinder lever »|98 intermediate brake lever disposed on opposite sides of said
the ends thereof. The lower‘end of the dead wheel, a connection between said levers, a bell
cylinder lever is pivotally connected as at 200
crank pivoted to said truck frame immediately
to the‘automatic slack adjuster 202 provided on adjacent said live lever and connected thereto,
the operating cylinder `|88 and »extending in a
and a transversely disposed brake cylinder ysup
directionV opposite to the direction of` operation
of the piston._ Though the cylinder »is shown as
ported on one of said iirst‘ named members and
10 provided with >an automatic slack adjuster, as
3. In`..a brake arrangement, the combination
of a truck frame including a side frame, end
before the automatic slack adjuster may be pro
vided on the truck frame, or the cylinder or
truck frame may be’provided with a manualA
slack adjuster, or a bracket with a plurality
15 of apertures for receiving the pivotal connec
tion between the dead cylinder lever and its
support.
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vWhere an automatic slack 'adjuster is used
it’may Ybe,substantially of the construction and
20 operation as that shown in Patent No. 1,991,330
to -Orm'ah R. Mitchell, issued February 12, 1935,
or of any desirable form.
rail members yand ¿spaced transom members,
Wheels supporting. said truck frame, brake rig
ging having cooperative relation Vto one of said
wheels, said rigging including a live and dead is i,
brake lever disposed- on opposite sides of said
wheel, a connection between saidl levers, a bell
crank pivoted to-said truck frame immediately
adjacent said live lever and connected thereto,
and a transversely disposed brake cylinder sup 20
ported-anyone lof said end rail members and
operatively connected’to said bell crank.
' In operation of this» form of brake mechanism,
4. In a brake arrangement, the combination
the cylinders at opposite ends of the truck may
of a truck irameincluding a side frame, end
25 `be selectively operated separately, serially or si
multaneously. Assuming the brakes to be in re
leased position, outward movement of the pis
ton |86 causes the lower end of the live cylinder
lever Vto be‘moved outwardly toward its adja
30 cent "side `frame, thus causing similar movement
ofthe pull rod |82, moving the dead cylinder
lever inwardly about its pivot 200.- Continued
movement of the live cylinder'lever Vcauses the
upper end oi the live cylinder lever to be moved
inwardly, and inward movement of the upper
ends of the live and dead cylinderlevers causesV
movement inwardly of the arm |14 of the bell
crank |66, thus causing thelupper ends .of-the
live truck levers to be moved toward their ad
40
operatively connected l to said bell crank. I
jacent transoms.
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rail >members and spaced transom members, 25
wheels supportingv said truck frame, brake rig
. ging having cooperative relation to one ci said
wheels, said rigging-includingbrake levers dis
posed onToppositeV sides oisaid wheel, a'con
nection ~between said levers, a bell crank pivoted 30
to said truck frame and connected'to one of
said brake levers, and a transversely disposed
brakecylinder supported on one of said transom
members and operatively connected to said bell
crank. ._
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5. In a brake arrangement, the combination of
a truck frame, a wheel disposed in supporting
>relation thereto, brake means for said wheel in
cluding a dead and livebrake lever disposed on
opposite sides of-said wheel, operating means for f
i »» This movement ofthe live‘truck lever causes
the straps |40 and |42 to move the dead trick
lever to apply the brake shoe |36. Continued
movement of the >upper end of. the’live truck
45 lever |46 will cause movement about the pivot
operating said levers simultaneously, said oper-V
ating means »including _av transversely disposed
movement of the piston will` of‘ course operate
operating cylinder supported on said truck frame,
and -power transmitting means between said cyl
inder and said levers, said power transmitting
means including a leverV connectedy to said live
lever and pivoted to said frame and'disposed on
theïb'rake mechanism to release the brakes in a
the same side of said wheel as saidlive lever.
|44 to apply the inner brake shoe |52. Return
direction opposite to that of applied position.
" It is to be understood that I do not wish to
be limited by the exact embodiments of the
>_device shown, which are merely'by way of illus
tration and not limitation, as various and other
forms offthe device will ofcourse be apparent
V55 to `those skilled >in the art without departing
from the spirit' of the> invention or the scope
yof the claims.
What is claimed is->---`
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6. In a brake arrangement, the combination
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>jl. In a brake arrangement, the combination
of a truck frame including a side frame, yend
rail members and` spacedtransom members,
wheels supporting said truck frame, brake rig
ging having cooperative relation to one of said
wheels», said rigging including brake levers dis
65 posed on opposite sides of said wheel, ja connec
ytion between.V said levers disposed above .the
of a truck frame,`a >wheel' disposed in supporting
relation thereto, brake -means for said Wheel in
cluding a dead and live brake lever disposed von
opposite sides of said wheel, operating means for
said’brake levers including a transversely dis
posed operating cylinder, and a cylinder lever op 55
erated thereby, said cylinder lever being disposed
on the samefside of said wheel as said live lever
and being operatively connected thereto. >
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’7. Ina brake‘arrangement, the combination of
a truckframe, saidtruck frame including spaced
side.fram`esv,'a` transverse connecting member, a
80
wheel and axle assembly supporting said truck
frame, brake rigging including brakelevers dis
posed to have braking _cooperationwith opposite
sides of the wheels, a connection between said 65
levers disposed `above the Wheel center, and a.
wheel center, a bell crank’pivoted to said truck transversely Adisposed foperating cylinder sup
frame and connectedto one of said brake levers, portedvon* said transversemember and opera
and _a transversely disposed’brake cylinder sup
tively connected to said levers.
nected to said bell crank.
8. In a brake arrangement, the combination 70
of a truck'frarne, said Vtruck frame including
2.4 InV a brake arrangement, the combination
oi'a truck frame including a side frame, vend
spaced side frames, a transverse connecting mem
ber, a wheel and axle assembly supporting said
70 ported on said truck frame and operatively'con
rail ¿members andV spaced- transom members,Y truck frame,? brake rigging including a live and
76 wheels >supporting 'saidtruck firame, brake rig
deadv `truck lever disposed to» .have braking coop
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eration with the wheels, a transversely disposed
operating cylinder supported on said -transverse
member, live and dead cylinder levers connected
to each other, one of said levers being connected
to the piston of the operating cylinder, and the
other of said leversbeing disposed on the same
side of a wheel as said live, lever and being oper
atively co-nnected thereto.
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9. In a brake arrangement, the combination of
a truck frame, said truck frame including spaced
side frames, a transverse connecting member, a
wheel and axle assembly supporting said truck
frame, brake rigging including a liveand dead
truck lever disposed to have braking cooperation
with the wheels, a connection between said levers
disposed above the wheel center, a transversely
disposed `operating cylinder supported on said
transverse member, live and dead cylinder levers
connected to each other, one of said levers be
ing connected to the piston of the operating cylin
der, and the other of said levers being disposed
on the same side of a Wheel as said live lever
and being operatively connected thereto.
10. In a brake arrangement, the combination
25 of a truck frame having spaced side frames, end
rails connecting said side frames adjacent the
ends thereof, spaced transoms connecting said
side frames intermediate said end rails, wheel
and axle assemblies disposed» to support said
30 truck> frame between said transoms » and end
rails, a. dead truck lever pivoted to said truck
frame on the inside of each wheel, alive truck
lever supported on the outside of each„whee1,
straps connecting pairs of live and dead truck
36 levers and disposed above the adjacent axle, `a bell
of a truck frame having spaced side frames, end
rails connecting said side frames adjacent the
ends thereof, spaced transoms connecting said
side frames intermediate said end rails, wheel
and axle assemblies disposed to support said
truck frame between said transoms and end rails,
a dead ,truck lever `pivotedvto said truck frame
on the outside »of each Wheel, a live truck lever
supported on the inside of each Wheel, straps
connecting pairs of live and dead truck levers
and disposed above the adjacent axle, a bell
crank- disposed adjacent each live truck lever and
pivoted to said truck frame, said bell crank be
ing pivotally connected to the adjacent live truck
lever, a transversely disposed operating cylinder
supported onv each transom and having an au
tomatic slack adjuster thereon, a dead cylinder
lever pivotally connected ¿to said automatic slack
adjuster and to the adjacent bell crank, a live
cylinder lever pivotally connected to the piston 20
of said cylinder on the side opposite said slack
adjuster and pivotally connected to its adjacent
live truck lever, and a connection between said
live and dead cylinder levers intermediate the
ends
thereof.
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13. In a brake arrangement, the combination
of a truck frame having spaced side frames, end
rails connecting said side frames adjacent the
ends thereof, spaced transomsl connecting-said
side frames intermediate said end rails, -Wheel
and axle assemblies disposed to support Vsaid
truck `frame between said transoms and end
rails, a dead truck lever pivoted to said truck
frame on the outside of each Wheel,.a live truck
lever supported on the inside of each wheel, 35
crank disposed adjacent eachlive truck lever and
straps connectingy pairs of live and dead truck
pivoted to» said truckframe, said bell crank be
ing pivotally connected to the adjacent live truck
lever, a transversely disposed operating cylinder
levers and disposed above'the adjacent axle, a bell
40 supported on each end rail and having an au
tomatic-slack adjuster thereon; a dead cylinder
lever pivotally connected to said automatic slack
adjuster and to the adjacent bell crank, a live
cylinder lever pivotally connected to the piston
45 of said cylinder on the side opposite said slack
adjuster and pivotally connected toits adjacent
live trucklever, and a connection »between said
live and dead cylinder levers intermediate the
ends thereof.
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£50A 1l. In a brake arrangement, the combination
of a. truck frame having .spaced side frames, end
crankv disposed adjacent each live truck lever
and pivoted-to said truck frame, said bell crank
being pivotally connected to the adjacent live 40
truck lever, ka `horizontally disposed operating
cylinder co-nnected to each of said'transoms and
having a piston operating in thev direction of »one
of said side frames, a support on said cylinder ex
tending in a direction toward the opposite Side -k
frame, a dead cylinder lever- pivotedto said sup
port and to the" adjacent bell crank, a live cyl
inder lever pivotallyk connected to said piston
and to its adjacent bell crank,~and a connection
between said cylinder levers intermediate the
ends'thereof.
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rails connecting said sideI frames adjacent the
ends thereof, spaced transoms connecting said
side frames intermediate said end rails, wheel
55 and axle assemblies disposed to support said truck
`14. In a brakearrangement, the combination
of a truck frame having spaced side frames, end
frame between said transoms and end rails, a dead
truck lever pivoted to said truck~ frame on the
inside of each wheel, a live truck lever supported
on the outside of each wheel, straps connecting
60 pairs of live and dead truck levers and disposed
above the adjacent axle, a bell crank disposed
adjacent each live truck lever and pivoted to
side frames intermediate said end rails, Wheel
and axle assemblies disposed to support said truck
frame between said transoms and end rails, a
dead truck lever pivoted to said truck frame on
said truck frame, said bell` crank beingpivotally
connected to the adjacent live truck lever, ahori
65
Zontally disposed operating cylinder connected
to each of said end rails and having a piston
operating in the direction-of one of said side
frames, _a support on saldi cylinder extending in,
a direction toward the opposite sideY frame, a
70 dead cylinder lever pivoted to said support and
to the adjacent bell -crank, a live cylinder lever
pivotally connected to said piston and to` its ad
jacent bell crank, and a connection between said
cylinder levers intermediate the ends thereof.
7.5
,12. In a brake arrangement, the combination
rails connecting said side frames adjacent the
ends thereof, spaced transoms connecting said .
the outside of leachlwheel, a live truck lever
supported on the .inside of each wheel, straps
connecting pairs of live and dead truck levers and
disposed above the adjacent axle, a bell crank
disposed adjacent each live truck lever and piv
oted to said truck frame, said bell crank being
pivotally connected to the adjacent live truck
lever, a transversely disposed operating cylinder
supported on each transom and having an auto
matic slack adjuster thereon, a dead cylinder
lever pivotally connected to said automatic slack
adjuster and to the adjacent bell crank, a live
cylinder lever pivotally connected to the piston
of saidV cylinder on the side opposite said slack
adjuster and pivotally connected to its adjacent
live truck lever,y a ,connection between ,said live
to,
2,185,120
~ and dead cylinder levers intermediate the ends
wheels, said rigging including brake levers dis
adjacent connection.
posed onfopposite sides of said wheel and in
the plane thereof, a. connection between said
levers disposed above the wheel center, a dead'
Vlever pivoted to said truck frame and connected
to one of said brake levers, and a transversely
disposed brake cylinder supported on said truck
frame and operatively connected to said dead
.
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, y_15. In abrake arrangement, the combination
ofk a truck-frame having spaced side frames, end
rails connecting said side frames adjacent the
ends thereof, spaced transoms connectingsaid
side frames intermediate said end rails, wheel
and axle assemblies disposed _to support said
truck frame between said transoms and end rails,
brake mechanism adapted to have braking coop
eration with the wheels and including live truck
levers disposed on the sideof said wheels ad
jacent a rail, and a. horizontally and transversely
15 disposed brake ,cylinder supported on one of
said end rails and operatively connected to said
live truck levers.
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16. In a brake arrangement, the combination
of a truck frame having spaced side frames, end
20 rails connecting said side frames adjacent the
ends thereof, spaced transoms connecting said
side Vframes intermediate said end rails, wheel
and axle assemblies .disposed to support said
truck frame between said transoms and end rails,
brake mechanismv adapted to have braking co
operation with the wheels, and a horizontally
and transversely disposed brake, cylinder sup
ported on one of said transoms inboard `of the
30
'ging having‘cooperative relation to one of said
thereof, and a support on said transoms for the
lever.
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.120. In a brake arrangement, the combination
of a truck'frame including a side frame, end
rail members and spaced transom members,
wheels supporting said truck frame, brake rig
ging having cooperative relation to one of said
wheels, said rigging including brake levers dis
posed on 'opposite sides'of said wheeland in
the plane thereof," one of said brake levers be
ing a dead lever and the other of'said brake
levers being a live lever, a connection'between 20
said levers disposedv above the wheel center,- a
dead lever pivoted to said truck frarneand con
nected to the rlive brake lever, and a transversely
disposed brake cylinder supported on said truck
frame and operatively connected to ` said -last
named dead lever.
.
.21. In a> brake arrangement, the combination
of a truck frame including’a side frame, end
adj acentwheel and axle assembly and operatively
rail members and spaced transommm'embers,
connected to said brake mechanism.
wheels'supporting said truck» frame,` brake rig
»t
Y
17. In a brake arrangement, the combination
of a truck frame having spaced side frames, end
rails connecting said side frames adjacent the
ends thereof, spaced transoms connecting said
35 side frames intermediate said end rails, wheel
30
ging having cooperative relation to one >of said
wheels', ’said .rigging including brake levers dis
posed on opposite sides of said wheel, a connec
tion between said levers disposed ’above the wheel
center, a dead lever pivoted to said truck frame
and axle assemblies disposed to support said
and connected to one of said brake levers, and a
truck frame between said transoms and end rails,
brake mechanism including live and dead truck
transversely'disposed brake cylinder supported on
said truck frame and Yoperatively connected toV
said dead lever.
22. Inra brake'arrangement, the combination' 40
levers adapted to have braking cooperation with
40 the wheels, a horizontally disposed brake cylin
der connected to each of said end rails and hav
ing a piston operating in the direction of one of
said side frames, said cylinder being disposed-on
the same side of the wheels as said live truck
levers, a support on said cylinder extending in
a direction toward the opposite side frame, a. dead
cylinder lever pivoted to said support and to the
adjacent live truck lever on one side of the truck,
a live cylinder lever pivotally connected to said
piston and to the live truck lever on the other
side of the truck, and a connection between said
cylinder levers intermediate the ends thereof.
13. In a brake arrangement, the combination
of a truck frame having spaced side frames, end
rails connecting said side frames adjacent the
ends thereof, spaced transoms connecting said
side frames intermediate said end rails, wheel
and axle assemblies disposed> to support said truck
frame between said transoms and end rails,
brake mechanism adapted to `have braking co
operation with the wheels, a. horizontally dis
posed brake cylinder connected to each of said
transoms and having a _piston operating in the
direction of one of said side frames, a dead cyl
inder lever fulcrumed from said cylinder op
posite said piston and Vconnected to the ad
jacent brake mechanism, a live cylinder lever
pivotally connected to said piston and to the
brake mechanism adjacent said live cylinder
70 lever, and a connection between said cylinder
levers intermediate the ends thereof.
,
>
19. In a brake arrangement, the combination
of a truck frame including a side frame, Vend
rail members and lspaced transom members,
75 Wheels supporting said _truck frame, brake rig
of a truck frame'including a side frame, end rail
members and spaced transom members, wheels
supporting said truck frame, brake rigging hav
ing cooperative relation to one of said wheels, f
said rigging including brake levers disposed on 45
opposite sides of said wheel, one of said brake
levers being a dead lever and the other of said
brake levers being a live lever, `a connection be
tween said levers disposed above the wheel center,
«a dead lever `pivoted to said truck frame and
connected to the live brakeV lever, and a-trans
versely disposed brake cylinder supported on said
truckframe and operatively connected to said
' last name-d dead lever.
~
„23. In a brake arrangement, the combination 55
of a truck frame having spaced side frames, end »
rails connecting said side frames adjacent the
ends thereof, spaced transoms connecting said
«side frames intermediate said end rails, wheel and
axle assemblies disposed to support said truck 60
frame i between said transoms and end rails, a
dead truck lever pivoted to said truck frame on
the inside of each wheel, a live truck lever sup
ported on the outside of each wheel, straps con
nectingpairs of live and dead truck levers and
disposed' abo-Ve the adjacent axle, a'dead frame
lever disposed adjacent Veach live truck lever and
pivoted to said truck frame, said frame lever be-ing pivotally connected to theadjacent live truck
lever, a transversely disposed operating cylinder 70
supported onY each end rail andi having an auto
matic slack> ladjuster thereon, a dead cylinder
lever pivotally connected to said automatic slack
adjuster and to the~ adjacent frame lever, a live
cylinder lever pivotally connected .to the piston 75 _
V2,135,120
of said cylinder onfthe. side opposite said slack
adjuster and pivotally` connected toits adjacent
posed frame lever pivoted. intermediate itsends
live truck lever, and a connection between said
of said live brake lever, a horizontally disposed
brake cylinder supported Von said truck vframe
live and dead cylinder levers intermediate the
ends thereof.
24. In a brake arrangement, the combination
of a truck frame having spaced side frames, end
rails connecting said side frames adjacent the
ends thereof, spaced transoms connecting said
>side frames intermediate said end rails, wheel
kand axle assemblies disposed to support said
truck frame between said transoms and end rails,
a dead truck lever pivoted to said truck frame on
Vthe inside of each wheel, a live truck lever sup
ported on the outside of each wheel, straps con
necting pairs of live and dead truck levers and
disposed above the adjacent axle, a dead frame
lever disposed adjacent each live truck lever and
pivoted to said truck frame, said frame lever be
ing pivotally connected to the adjacent live truck
lever, a horizontally disposed operating cylinder
connected to» each of said end rails and having a
piston operating in the direction of one of said
side frames, a support on said cylinder extending
in a direction toward the opposite side frame, a
dead cylinder lever pivoted to said support and
to the adjacent frame lever, a live cylinder lever
pivotally connected to said piston and to its ad
jacent frame lever, and a connection between
30 said cylinder levers intermediate the ends thereof.
25. In a brake arrangement, the combination
of a truck frame including sidek frame members
and a transverse connecting member, wheels
supporting said truck frame, brake rigging
35 adapted to have braking cooperation with one of
said wheels, said rigging including a live and dead
brake lever disposed on opposite sides of said
wheel, a connection between said levers, a sub
stantially horizontally disposed frame lever piv
40 oted intermediate its ends to said frame immedi
ately adjacent said live lever and connected at
one end to said live lever, a horizontally disposed
brake cylinder supported on said truck frame be
low said frame lever, and a cylinder lever con
45 nected to the piston. of said cylinder at one end
of said lever and connected to the other end of
said frame lever.
.
26. In a brake arrangement, the combination
of a truck frame including side frame members
and a transverse connecting member, wheels sup
porting said truck frame, brake rigging adapted
to have braking cooperation with one of said
wheels, said rigging including brake levers dis
posed on opposite sidesof said wheel and in the
plane thereof, a connection between said levers
above the wheel center, a substantially horizon
tally disposed frame lever pivoted intermediate
its ends to said frame and at one end to one of
said brake levers, a horizontally disposed brake
(30 cylinder supported on said truck frame below said
frame lever, and a cylinder lever connected to the
piston of said cylinder at one end of said lever
and connected to the other end of said frame
lever.
27. In a brake arrangement, the combination
of a truck frame including side frame members
and a transverse connecting member, wheels sup
porting said truck frame, brake rigging adapted
to have braking cooperation with one of said
wheels, said- rigging including brake levers dis
posed on opposite sides ofî said wheel and in the
plane thereof, one of said levers` being a dead
lever and the other of said levers being a live
lever, a connection between said levers above the
75 wheel center, a substantially horizontally dis
to said frame and at one end to the upper end
below said frame lever, and a cylinderlever con
nected to the piston of said cylinder at one- end
of said lever and connected to the other end of
said frame lever.
'
28. In a brake arrangement, the combination
of a truck frame including side frame members 10
and a transversel connecting member, wheels sup
porting said truck frame, brake rigging adapted
to have braking cooperation with one of--saidv
wheels, said rigging including brake levers dis
posed on opposite sides of said wheel and in the -15
plane thereof, one of said levers being a dead
lever and the other of said levers being a live
lever, a connection between said levers above
the wheel center, a substantially horizontally
disposed frame lever pivoted intermediate its
ends to said frame and at one end to the upper
end of said live brake lever, a horizontally dis
posed brake cylinder supported on said truck
frame below said frame lever, a cylinder lever
connected to the piston of said cylinder at one
end ofsaid lever and connected to the other end
of said frame lever, and a pivot for said cylinder
lever intermediate the piston connected to said
cylinder lever and the frame lever connected to
said cylinder lever.
29. In a brake arrangement, the combination
of a truck frame including side frame members
and atransverse connecting member, wheels sup
porting said truck frame, brake rigging adapted
to have braking cooperation with one of said 35
wheels, said rigging including a live and dead
brake lever disposed on opposite sides of said
wheel, a connection between said levers disposed
above the wheel center, a substantially horizon
tally disposed frame lever pivoted intermediate 40
its ends to said frame immediately adjacent said
live lever and connected at one end to said live
lever, a horizontally disposed brake cylinder sup
ported` on said truck frame below» said frame
lever and disposed to-operate transversely of said
truck frame, and a cylinder lever connected to
the .piston of said cylinder at one end of said
lever and connected to theV other end of said
frame lever.
30. In a brake arrangement, the combination
of a truck frame including side frame members
and a transverse connecting member, wheels sup
porting said truck frame, brake rigging adapted
to have braking cooperation with one of said
wheels, saidi rigging including brake levers dis- l
posed on opposite sides of said wheel and in the
plane thereof, a connection between said levers
above the wheel center, a substantially horizon
tally disposed frame lever Apivoted intermediate
its ends. to said> frame and at one end to one 60
of said brake levers», a horizontally disposed brake
cylinder supported onsaid truck frame below said
frame lever and disposed to operate transversely
of said truck frame, and a~ cylinder lever con
nected to the pistonv of said> cylinder at one end 65
of said» lever and connected> to the other end of
said frame lever;
`
3l.v In a brake arrangement, the combination
of' a truck frame including side frame members
and a transverseconnecting member, wheels sup' 70
porting said.V truck frame, brake rigging adapted
to> have braking cooperation> with one of said
Wheels, said rigging including brake levers dis
posed on opposite sides of». saidA wheel andi in the
plane thereof, one or said levers being a dead
7
2,135,120
lever and the other of said levers being a live
lever, a connection between said levers above the
VWheel center, a. substantially horizontally dis
posed frame lever pivoted intermediate its ends
to said frame and at onel end to the upper end
of said live brake lever, a horizontally disposed
brake cylinder supported on said truck frame
below said frame lever and disposed to operate
transversely of said truck frame, and a cylinder
10 lever connected to the piston of said cylinder at
one end of said lever and connected to the other
end of said frame lever.
32. In a brake arrangement, the combination
of a truck frame including side frame members
15 and a transverse connecting member, wheels sup
porting said truck frame, brake rigging adapted
to have braking cooperation with one of said
wheels, said rigging including brake levers dis
posed on opposite sides of said wheel and in the
20 plane thereof, one of said levers being a dead
live truck lever supported on the outside of said
wheels, and horizontally disposed brake actuating
means operatively connected to said brake mech
anism and disposed below the wheel centers.~
35. In a railway car truck, a frame having side
members and a transom, a supporting wheel and
axle assembly, power means mounted von said
transom `transversely of said frame, brake rig
ging for said assembly and connections between '
said power means and said rigging comprising
interconnected live and dead cylinder levers con
nected to opposite ends of said power means, said
cylinder levers having their opposite ends con
nected to said brake rigging at opposite sides of
the truck.
36. In a railway car truck, a frame having
side rails and a transom, a supporting wheel and
axle assembly, power means mounted on said
transom transversely of said truck, braking means
forthe wheels of said assembly and connections
lever and the other of said levers being a live ~ between said power means and said braking
lever, a connection between said levers above the
wheel center, a substantially horizontally dis
posed frame lever pivoted intermediate its ends
-means in the form of interconnected vertically
arranged live and dead cylinder levers connected
at their lower ends-to opposite ends of said power
25 to said frame and'at one end to the upper end
means and operatively connected at their upper 25
of said live brake lever, a horizontally disposed
brake cylinder supported on said truck frame
below said frame lever and disposed to operate
transversely of said truck frame, a cylinder lever
30 connected to the piston of said cylinder at one
end of said lever and connected to the other end
of said frame lever, and a pivot for said cylinder
lever intermediate the piston connected to said
cylinder lever and the frame lever connected to
35 said cylinder lever.
ends to said braking means at opposite sides of
the truck.
33. In a brake arrangement, the combination
of a truck frame having spaced side frames, end
rails connecting said side frames adjacent the
ends thereof, spaced transoms connecting said
40 side frames intermediate said end rails, wheel
and axle assemblies disposed to support said truck
frame between said transoms and end rails, brake
mechanism including live and dead truck levers
adapted to have braking cooperation with the
45 wheels, a horizontally disposed brake cylinder
having a piston operating in the direction of one
37. In a railway car truck, a frame having side
rails and a transom, a supporting wheel and axle
assembly, power means mounted on said transom 30
transversely of said truck, braking means for the
wheels of said assembly and connections between
said power means and said braking means, said
connections comprising bell cranki levers ful
crumed from the frame and connected to the
nected at their lower ends to opposite ends of
said power means and at their upper ends to» said
bell crank levers respectively.
of said truck,- and connections between said pow 45
er .means and said braking means including bell
cranks on opposite sides of the frame, and inter
on the same side of the wheels as said live truck
connected live and dead cylinder levers connect
levers, a support on said cylinder extending in
dead cylinder lever pivoted to said support and
operatively connected to the adjacent live truck
lever on one side of the truck, a live cylinder lever
pivotally connected to said piston and oper
55 atively connected to the live truck lever on the
ed at corresponding ends to opposite ends of said
power means and at their other ends to said 50
braking means through said bell cranks respec
tively.
39. In a railway truck, a frame having a tran
som, a supporting wheel and axle assembly, brak
ing means for the wheels of said assembly, power 55
other side of the truck, and a connection between
said cylinder levers intermediate the ends thereof.
means and slack adjusting means mounted on
34. In a brake arrangement, the combina
tion of a truck frame having spaced side frames,
60 end rails connectingsaid side frames adjacent
nections between said power means and said
the ends thereof, spaced transoms connecting said
sponding arms connected to theV braking means
side frames intermediate said end rails, wheel
and axle assemblies disposed to support said
truck frame between said transoms and end rails,
65 brake mechanism adapted to have braking co
operation with-the wheels, said mechanism in
cluding a dead truck lever pivoted to said truck
at opposite sides of the truck, and interconnected
live and dead cylinder levers connected at cor
responding ends to said power means and said
slack adjusting means respectively and at their
other ends connected to the other arms of said
frame on the inside of each of the wheels and a
40
38. In a railway truck, a frame having a tran
som, a supporting wheel and axle assembly, brak
ing means for the wheels of said assembly, power
means mounted on said transom transversely
of said side frames, said cylinder being disposed
50 a direction toward the opposite side frame, a
35
braking means at each side of the truck and in
terconnected live and dead cylinder levers con
said transom transversely of the truck, and con
braking means in the form of bell cranks mount
ed on the sides of said frame and having corre
bell cranks.'
WALTERII. BASELT.
60
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