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Патент USA US2135364

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NOV. 1, 1938.
I
R P. TEM'F-LETQN
_
2,135,364
STRIP FASTENER RELEASE
Filed March 21, 1955
5 Shee’és—$heet 1
1'7 l-iwv'en’c’of;
Robert’ I Tempisi‘on
NOV. 1, 1938.
R. P‘. TEMPLETON
STRIB FASTENER RELEASE
Filed March 21, 195a
_
' 2,135,364
I
*5 Sheets—Sheet '2
jnvenzo 7; '
/', jg
Ze‘fon
Nov. 1, 1938.
R. P. TEMPLETON
STRIP FASTENER RELEASE
Filed March 21, 1956
I
2,135,364
~
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
2,135,364
Patented Nov. 1, 1938
UNlTED STATES
7
PATENT; oFFicEj. A? x
2,135,364
_
STRIP'FASTENER RELEASE
Robert P. Templeton, Niagara Falls, N. E, as-'
.signor to American Sales Book Company, Inc.,
Niagara Falls, N. ‘1., a corporation of Dela- ,
ware
Application March 21, 1936, sci-n No. 10,139,
28 Claims.°~ (oi. 271-21)
This invention relates to improvements in the tween adjacent pairs of strips at another fasten
method and apparatus for separating a plurality ing point of the assembly so that the fastening
of attached strips from each other. While the between adjacent pairs of strips at two different
inventionis adapted for the advantageous and fastening points will be released one at a‘ time,
economical separation of attached strips of var
thus ‘avoiding excessive or objectionable resist- I 5
ious sorts, it is herein disclosed for separating ance to strip movement.
‘
"
long, continuous record strips interleaved in
Another object of the invention is to provide
manifolding relation with long, continuous car
an improved releasing means for releasing the
bon or transfer stripstthe‘ invention being espe ‘fastening devices between superposed strips of
cially useful in this relation for separating such ‘ paper or like material, so that the fastening de- m
assembly strips which, are utilized in various
forms of record machines, such, for example, "as
tabulating machines, billing machines, auto
graphic registers, typewriters, teletypewriters,
16
and the like.
'
'
.
It is a general object of the invention to‘ pro
vide a means and method for separating at
tached strips in an improved functional manner,
whereby the strips may be quickly and easily sep
vices will be freed from all of the strips but one
to which they will cling thereby to be removed
out of the ?eld of operation.
-
'
-
Other objects of the invention will be in part
pointed out in the following detailed‘ description
of an illustrative but preferred embodiment of
the invention and will be in part obvious in con
nection therewith.
‘_
The invention accordingly comprises the sev
20 arated from each other, and without injury to ' eral steps, and the relation and order of one or
' the strips.
Another object of the invention is to provide
an improved means for removing the fastening
devices for holding a plurality of superposed
strips in collated relation with each other,
Whether the fastening .devices be of the ?lamen
tary type extending through the paper strips such
as light wire staples, textile threads and the like,.
or whether they be in the form of spot'adhesive
at spaced intervals along the strip assembly and
.30~ interposed
between adjacent pairs ,of strips.
A further object of the inventionlis to pro
25
vide an improved means for releasing the fasten
ing devices between superposed! strips of a strip
35 assembly which willrelease the different fasten
'- ing devices or the fastening between adjacent
pairs of strips sequentially or one at a time so as
to avoid objectionable resistance to strip movement and to assure the satisfactory freeing of
40 the strips from each other without damage or
marring of the strips.
.
.
,
> ,
, Still another object of the invention is to pro
vide an improved means and method 01‘ sep
arating and freeing from each other'a plurality
45 of superposed strips by separating or spreading
the strips apart slightly in the vicinity of the
several fastening devices so as to free the strips
from the fastening devices and from each other.
more of such steps with respect to each of the
others, and the apparatus embodying features
of construction, combinations of elements and‘
arrangement of ‘parts which are adapted to effect
such steps, all as exemplified in the following
detailed disclosure, and the scope of the appli
cation of which will be indicated in the claims.
For a more comprehensive understanding of
the nature and objects of the invention, refer-'
ence is had to the following detailed description 30
of the illustrative embodiment, and to the ac
companying drawings, in which:
-'
Fig.1 is a fragmentary, perspective view of an
apparatus embodying the invention;v
\
Fig. 2 is a plan view thereof;
,
35
Figs. 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 are partially diagrammat- ,
10, similar longitudinal vertical sectional views of
the apparatus shown in Figs. 1 and 2 and show
ingthe method of separating the strips from
their attachment with each other at successive- 4o
ly‘ different stages;
,
i
Fig. 8 is a transverse vertical section showing
the mounting and arrangement of one of the re
leasing rods;
,
I
.
Fig. 9 is a fragmentary elevation showing one 45
of the clasps for holding the ‘releasing rods'in
position;
and
a
"
Fig. 10‘is'a partially diagrammatic, perspective
Another object of the invention is to provide a ‘view of asupply ‘of long, continuous interleaved
means for releasing "superposed attached strips, record and transfer stripsattached- together at 50
from each other which will function/in an im-. form length intervals.
,
4
,
,
proved manner not only to sequentially release
Although the improved mechanism for remov
the respective pairs of string at‘ one of the fas
ing the fastenings between superposed strips
tening points of the assembly, but will also func
may be advantageously‘ used in connection with
tion to release sequentially the fastenings be
-
different types of strips, it is herein disclosed 5"; .
‘ 2,185,864
2
part of the framework It, being connected to
gether by appropriate tie rods or cross-frame
for removing the ‘fastening devices securing long
continuous interleaved record and transfer pa
‘per strips together at spaced intervals there
along. Also the invention may be utilized \in '
connection with different forms of attaching
devices such as spot adhesive positioned between
adjacent pairs of strips at spaced intervals along
members, two of which are indicated at I8; This
famework provides a guide and support for, the
\
\ record assembly over
which said assembly may
be \moved forwardly either manually or by an ap
propriate feeding mechanism. The rear tie rod
the assembly or ?lamentary attachments such
as textile threads, light wire staples and the like,
18 provides a guiderod over which the assembly
passes, and adjustably attached to said rodin 10
any appropriatemanner is an edge guiding ele
piercing or passing through the strips at inter
vals therealong so as to bind all the strips to
gitudinal edge of‘the assembly to ‘guide it in
ment or disk l9 adapted to engage with one lon
gether in the assembly. For illustrative purposes
the ?lamentary type of fastener is herein ‘dis
correct position in its ‘movement.
closed being shown as staples l5 arranged along
feeding mechanism adapted .to engage with. the
15 the manifolding assembly of record and carbon
strips at spaced intervals._ Thelongitudinal spac
ing of the fasteners I5 is equal to the form
lengths of the record strips S. The fastening
staples shown are of light wire, preferably hav
20 ing two staple legs. passing through the strips of
,
At the forward part ‘crane frame there is a
assembly of strips to feed it forwardly through 1
the fastener releasing mechanism. 7 As shown, this
feeding mechanism embodies a lower feed roll
20 'rotatably mounted_in> the frame and upper ‘
pressure feed disks or rollers 2|, adapted to press 20
the assembly against the feed roll 20. The feed
» the assembly and having their free ends clinched . roll 20 is carried on a drive shaft 22 while the
or bent over to secure each staple in operative pressure disks 2| are’carried by a shaft 23, these '
position to bind all of the strips together in col
two shafts being constrained for' simultaneous
lated aligned position in the assembly. The sta
rotation by intermeshing tooth gears 24 mounted 25
The feed shafts may be driven by any
.25 ple legs opposite to the clinched or bent over ter thereon.
appropriate source of power, such, for example,
minals thereof are connected by the wire form
ing the yoke end of the staple. The clinched as a small electric motor M connected to the
driving gear 25, The motordriven gear 25 may
ends of the staples as shown are preferably po
sitioned at the upper surface of the assembly or be rotatably mounted in any desired manner 30
blank‘ upon the frame as by ‘a stub shaft or the like and
30 at the surface thereof provided with
The rec-“
a smaller toothedvgear attached to the gear 25
forms for receiving the inscriptions.
ord' strips S of the assembly preferably have meshes with a similar gear attached to the roller _
printed blank forms arranged in a series there
or drive shaft 22.
_
The disk shaft carrying the pressure disks 2|
along and transverse weakened severance lines
35 S’ are arranged at form-length intervals along is connected to the free ends of the swinging sup
each record strip whereby the record strips may porting arms 26 connected for swinging move
be conveniently severed into lengths or sheets. ment to the adjacent tie rod l8 and stressed
springs 21 are connected to these swinging arms
This severance of the record sheets is usually ef
fected after the inscriptions have been entered normally urging themtogether with the pres
on the record strips. Although for some purposes sure disks in a direction to cause’said disks tov
the interleaved carbon or transfer strips C may yieldingly engage with the upper surface of the
be provided with similar transverse weakened assembly to press and grip the latteriagainst the
severance lines corresponding to the weakened feed roll 20. It will therefore be seen that op-'
eration of this feedingmechanism will draw the
lines S’, as herein’ disclosed the said transfer . assembly forward over the support and guide and
45 strips are unprovided with weakened severance
lines corresponding to the lines S’ of the record
strips. The assembly of record and transfer
past the fastening releasing mechanism;
Connected to one of the longitudinal'side frame.
strips constructed as described will ordinarily be. I members I‘! is a supporting plate 28, and a
similar supporting plate 29 is connected to the
opposite longitudinal frame member. Both of
these supporting plates are provided with slots
30 opening through the upper edges thereof for
receiving and supporting the [fastener ‘releasing
folded into the form of a zigzag supply pad S2
'60 as shown'in Fig. 10'. This supply pad is conven
ient for use in connection withv the various
forms of tabulating or manifolding machines. ‘
As shown generally in Figs. 1 and 2, the im
proved fastener releasing mechanism is support
members which are herein shown in this illus
ed on an appropriate framework indicated gen
erally at it which may be of any desired con
struction and arrangement either for being at
bars or rods 3| extending transversely of the
trative embodiment of the invention as metallic
strip guide and support. Each of these releasing
,tached to a tabulating or other .manifolding ma- '
chine or for resting upon a floor, table or like
support. This mechanism may be either at
tached directly to the tabulating' machine or it
can be used separately therefrom. If the fas
"
rods is flattened at one end 32 and provided’
with an opening for receiving a supporting pin
33 positioned in a longitudinal bore or passage
way in the supporting ‘plate 28. By means of this
the releasing bars is supported
mounting each of
tener releasing mechanism .is attached directly 'for rising and falling pivotal movement whereby
to the tabulating machine, the assembly of at ‘it maybe swung into its normal operative posi
tached record ‘and transfer strips will .be led tion as shown in Fig. 2, or raised and swung out
wardly from this position. The opposite or free
directly from the tabulating machine to the re
leasing mechanism. In Fig. I the assembly of ' swinging ends of the‘releasing rods are received
record and transfer strips is shown as being led in the slots 30 of the supporting plate 29 and
supported therein in their normal operative posi
directly from the zigzag pad S2 wherein the in
70 scriptions are assumed to have been previously ' tion. Spring catches or latches 34, as shown in
Fig. 9, may be provided for receiving the ends of
entered upon the original record strips and trans
ferred to the copy record strips by means of the 'the rods 3| so as'to retain .them in their nor
carbon strips.
'
'
- '
'
Laterally spaced longitudinally extending side
75 frame members II are connected to or from a
mal operative position.
While the releasing‘ rods Ql may
arranged
I
'
r
3
2,185,864
in different positions relatively to each other and
receiving opening, and so on for all of the assem
to the supporting frame for releasing the strip . bly strips. Therefore, as the strips are fed for;
fastening devices as later more fully described, a wardlyafter the fastening devices have been re
very effective and functionally advantageous vmoved, the strips will be .‘separated from each.
manner of mounting these rods is that as here
in disclosed. In this preferred embodiment of
other and will be disposedin different parts in 5
the respective‘ receiving compartments. When
the record and carbon strips have been trans
the invention, the releasing rods are arranged
in"a ‘longitudinal series along the assembly guide ' versely creased as shown, and folded into the zig
and support and are spaced longitudinally short
zag supply pack S2, there will be a tendency,
10 distances from each other. => As shown, these rods
upon entering the respective receiving compart 10
ments 31, 38, etc., to again fold on these trans
preferably lie in the same horizontal plane. Also
the rods may, as shown, be parallel to each
verse‘ fold lines so, as. to assume zigzag folded
condition as indicated by the part or pack 39 in
- other, but they are all inclined to the path of
longitudinal movement of the assembly.
The
15 angularity of inclination of the releasing rods may '
vary somewhat in practice, but they are found to
operate most efficiently and satisfactorily when
the inclination is in the vicinity of 4§° to the
path of strip movement as shown. As shown, the
'20 releasing bars 3| are preferably circular in cross
Fig.. 1.
.
,
_
'
'
An illustrative embodiment of the fastener re
leasing mechanism having been described in de~
tall, the operation thereofvwill be clearly under
stood and may be summarized as follows:
'
'
The attached assembly of "record and transfer
strips is led from the tabulatlng or other mani .20
section but other cross sectional shapes may be folding machine or from the pad S2 over the
' guide rod- l3. The- ?rst or rearward releasing
Although a plate corresponding to the plate 23 . rod If is then placed between the top record
may be positioned at either side of the strip “strip and the next'ad'acent strip of the assembly
utilized.
guide,v ordinarily it is positioned adjacent to the , which is one of the carbon strips C. The second
rearward ends of the releasing bars 3|, or those releasing rod is similarly positioned-between the 25'
ends which are carried orincline'drearwardly to
uppermost carbon stripand the next, lower rec
ward the rear end of the machine, or to the right ord strip while additional releasing rods are simi
in Figs. 1 and 2. The plate .23 is made smooth larly positioned between the other adjacent pairs
at its inner surface ,to form an edge guide and of assembly strips. In this manner it will be
abutment~~for the assembly and to prevent it - understood that there is one of the releasingrods 30
from becoming displaced from its normal posi
tion during the feeding and releasing operation.
When positioned as shown, the tractor feed de
vice tends to cause the assembly to contact with
the guide 29 even though the releasing oi’ the
staples against the inclined rods II has some
- tendency to move the assembly laterally‘ away
' from the guide 29.
‘
'
It will be noted that as shown in the drawings
it is desirable that the longitudinal spacing of
the releasing rods ll be considerably less than
the longitudinal spacing of the fastening, devices
vor staples i5. Flu'thermore, it is desirable that
45 the spacing of the releasing rods be an aliquant
part of the spacing of the fastening-devices. The
- reason for this spacing- relationship is explained
more‘ fully below in referring to the operation of
the improved mechanism.
Forwardly of the strip feeding mechanism there
positioned between each adjacent pair of assembly
strips. Accordingly, a sufficient number of releasing rods will be providedfor the accommo- ,
dation of the assembly having the largest number
of strips intended to be used.‘ The assembly is
then placed in the feeding mechanism and the
forward or freed ends of the strips positioned in
the receiving openings or slots 33 as above de
scribed.
,
'
.
'
Then upon starting of the feeding mechanism,
the assembly will be forwardly fed and the fas
teners I! will be released so as to free the strips
from each other in the following manner.
As the '
?rst fastener approaches the first or rearward re
leasing rod 3|}, the strips of the upper pair will 45
be separated or moved away from each other a
short distance, which is su?icient to cause the
fastener-to be pulled through the uprbermost
strip, the strip material being severed slightly
to permit the fastener to be released from en 50'
gagement with this strip. In this connection it‘
way 3! as shown is preferably inclined down- ,
will be noted that this severance or pulling of the
wardiy and forwardly and is provided at inter
fastener from the record strips will befacilitated '
vals therealong with transverse slits or openings
for individually receiving the strips of the as-v by virtue of the fact that the fasteners are posi as
semblyr Ordinarily there will be a receiving tioned directly upon the weakened severance lines
8'. After the severance of the connectiombe
opening 36 for each of the record and transfer tween
the two uppermost strips ‘as described,'.the
strips of theassembly; The first receiving open next
successive pair of stripswill be freed om
ing 38', that is, the one nearest the feeding each other when the fastener l5 comes into o'p
mechanism, leads to a receiving compartment 31 erative relation with the second releasing bar 3|
beneath the guide 35 for receiving the lowermost of the series, this detachment being effected in
. strip of the assembly which in thas case will be a manner similar'to that described for the upper
a record strip. The next successive receiving or ?rst pair of strips. However, it will be noted,
is a guideway over which the assembly passes
uponv‘emerging, from the feed roll. This guide
opening 33 leads to a similar receiving compart;
meat 38 which, as shown, receives the next suc
cessive strip which is one of the carbon-stripsv C.
The other’assembly strips will similarly be re
ceived in compartments provided therefor similar
to the compartments 3‘! and 33. ~
when the strips arelarranged in position in the
machine, the lowermost ‘record strip will be en-_
tered into the first transverse receiving opening
30, the next successive strip, namely the carbon
strip C will be entered into the next successive
as above mentioned, that the carbon strips are
preferably unprovided with weakened severance ,
lines; but this condition does not interfere with
the fastener tearing through the carbon strip so ‘.
as to bereleased therefrom as it comesinto posi
tion adjacent to the releasing rod 3|. This is for 70
the reason that the staple or fas‘teneris attached
in all of the lower strips, whereby it has a firmer’.
attachment to the lower strips than to the single
carbon strip, and severance or release. of the fas
tener accordingly occurs at the carbon strip. 75
2, 185,864
tachm'ent of the fastener to'the carbon strip
This selective release is furthermore promoted by being
slightly stronger than its attachment to
4
virtue of the fact that the clinched or bent over
ends of the staple-legs are more readily severed
from or pulled through the strips than is the yoke
end of the staple, Similarly the successive pairs
of strips are released from each other‘one at a
time as-the assembly advances along the series
.of releasing ‘rods. In‘ other words, the release
: ‘I of the fastening means between the different
10 pairs of- adjacent strips is successive and the re
the record strip, said fastener will finally re
mainlattached to and will cling tothe lower- _ . >
most carbon strip. This condition is shown in
Figs. 3,4 and 5 where the fastener'li' has been
detached from all of these strips except the lower
carbon strip. This feature is also of advantage
because by this means the staples are removed
lease is effected sequentially. This successive re
from all of the record strips and remain at 10
tached to the carbon strip which isv ordinarily
lease of the attachments between the several pairs
of‘ adjacent record strips is of particular im
discarded after use, especially in cases where the
carbon strip is of the one time type. ‘
,In cases‘where there are a large number of
portance and advantage because thereby the re
record and transfer strips in the assembly and 15
sistance to forward movement of the strips is under certain conditions of fastener spacing, it
'kept very low at all times and stresses set up inv will be noticed two ‘successive fastenings will fall
‘ the several strips are minimized and tearing or ' at the same time within the ?eld of operation
otherwise marring the strips is almost wholly of the releasing rods 3|. This will occur, for
avoided. Also, by this means, the attaching de
example, when thelongitudinal spacing of the 20
20 vices are released only from a single strip at any
fasteners l5 vis less than the longitudinal dis-"
particular instant, so that the effort required for tance
between the front and rear releasing bars '
release is very small. Because of these facts,
3|.- Under these conditions, fastenerv release of
_ tearing of the strips or warping or fraying or
otherwise marring thereof is almost wholly
25 avoided and the effort required to feed the strips
forwardly is very'small, whereby a feeding mech
the two successive fasteners will be progressing
substantially at the same time. However,v the 25
successive or sequential release of the fasten
ings between’ the pairs of adjacent strips at both
anism of a simple nature is satisfactory. It will '
successive fastening devices will be maintained
be understood that the showing of Figs. 3, 4, 5, 6 because
as above pointed out the spacing of the
‘and 7, depicting the manner of the sequential re
releasing bars 31 is an aliquant part of the spec 30~
lease
of
the
fastening
devices
above
described,
is
30
quite largely diagrammatic, being made so for the ing of the fastening devices l5. Therefore, this
further contributes to maintaining
purpose of facilitating and clarifying the disclo - arrangement
the resistance to strip movement substantially
sure. ~Normally, the record and‘ transfer strips
lie close to each other in face to face relationship, equal and of low degree atall times. I
Since certain changes in carrying out the 35
and are bound ?rmly in this position, by the fas
above
and in the construction set forth,
’ tening devices I5. Alsothe strips will be drawn which process
embody the invention,» may be made
over the surfaces of the releasing bars and their
departing from its scope, ‘it is intended
relative’ position with reference to these bars will without
that all matter contained in the above descriptime
to
time,
dependent
‘vary [considerably from
40
factors including the position of the tion or shown in‘ the accompanying drawings
shall
be
interpreted
as
illustrative
and
not
in
a
.40 upon/various
fastening devices with reference to the individual
releasing bars. However, when
a fastening de- '
vice between two adjacent strips approaches a
releasing bar, these strips will be spread apart
due to the action of the bar, thus forcingthe fas
.45 tener through one of the strips by tearing the
same or parting the fibres thereof.
,
It is of particular advantage that the fasten
limiting sense.
>
"
i
Y
Having described my invention, what I claim
as new and desire to secure by Letters'Pate'nt is:
1. In a device of the character ‘described, in 45
combination, means for moving ‘a strip assem
bly havingv a plurality of strip fastenings spaced
- therealong and fastening the assembly strips. to
gether, releasing means operable by asse bly
ing bars 3| be inclined as described because v-re- ’
lease of the fastening devices is more readily movement for releasing 'said fastenings to free 50
the strips from each other, and means whereby
so effected 'under this arrangement.‘ One reason said
releasingmeans functions to release sequen
7 for this is that'the release is more gradual; an
other reason, where staples are utilized, is that tially the fastenings between the different pairs
of adjacent strips.
_
'
the release of the two legs of each staple is ef
2. In ‘a device of the character described, ‘in
fected sequentially, or in other words, each leg'
56 is separately released. This is due to the" fact‘ combination, means for moving a strip assem
bly having a plurality of strip fastenlngs spaced '
that the two staple legs are spaced transversely
therealong and fastening the assembly strips to
of the assembly, and therefore, one leg- ap
gether, releasing means operable .by assembly _'
proaches‘ the inclined forward'surface of the movement for releasing said fastenings to free
releasing bar so as to be released thereby slight
strips-from each other, and means whereby
60
ly in advance of the other leg. This sequential the
said releasing means functions to release sequen
release of the twostaple legs .further contrib
tially the fastenings between the di?‘erent pairs utes- to theeven and relatively small resistance of adjacent strips at two successive spaced fas
to the feedingmovement of the assembly.
65
As above mentioned, the transfer strips C are
3. In -»a device of the character described,'in
as
tenings.
frequently unprovided with .weakened trans
verse severance lines and ‘the fastening staples
pass through these strips at unweakened por-'
tions thereof.‘ Therefore, referring particular
70,1y to Figs/4 and ‘7, when the fastener between
the lowermost pair ofiadiacent strips approaches
the releasing bar 3|, as shown in Fig. 7,,the fas
tener will be released from the lower record strip
because of the fact that it is positioned directly
line'of 'that strip. The at75 upon the. weakened
'
>
»
I
combination, means for moving a strip ~assembly
vhaving‘- a‘ plurality of: strip fastenings spaced
therealong, and fastening the assembly strips to-v
gether, releasing means operable by assembly
movement for releasing said fastenings to free
the strips from each other, and means whereby
said 'releasing means releases said fastenings
from one or more of the strips but leaves them
finally clinging _-to another of the strips.
76
2,185,864
4. In a device of the character described, in
combination, a support upon which a strip as
sembly having a series- of strip fastenings lon
gitudinally spaced therealong and fastening the
strips together at di?erent parts thereof rela
tively located transversely of the assembly, is
supported for movement, and releasing means
mounted for cooperation individually with said
jstrip fastenings and operable ‘by strip movement
for releasing one after another the-transversely
located parts of said fastenings so as to free the
strips from each other.
5. In a devicev of the character described, in
combination, a support upon which a strip as
15. sembly of a multiplicity oi.’ relative superposed
strips is supported and guided for movement,
said assembly having fastenings longitudinally
spaced at intervals therealong, attaching said
multiplicity of strips together, and a plurality
20 of - releasing devices each of which is respec
5
combination, a support upon which a strip as
sembly of a multiplicity of relatively superposed
strips is supported and guided for movement.
said assembly having fastenings longitudinally
spaced at- intervals therealong ‘attaching said
multiplicity of strips together, and releasing
means including a plurality of releasing rods ex- .
tending transversely of the assembly path in lon
gitudinally spaced relation with each other and
positioned respectively between adjacent assem 10
bly strips for acting on said fastenings to release
the same, the longitudinal spacing of said releas- -
ing rods being less than the longitudinal spacing
of the assembly fastenings.
'11. In a device of the character described, in’ 15
combination, a support upon which a strip assem
bly of a multiplicity of relatively suplarposed strips
is supported and guided for movement, said as
sembly having fastenings longitudinally spaced
at intervals therealong attaching said multiplicity 20
tively positioned between different adjacent su
of strips together, and releasing means including ,
perposed strips and operable by strip movement a plurality oi releasing rods extending trans
for acting on said fastenings so as.to release se
versely of the assembly path in inclined relation
l/quen'tially the attachment between the respective .to the path of strip movementland positioned
25 pairs of adjacent strips.
.
respectively between adjacent assembly strips for 25
6. In a device of the character described, in
combination, a support upon which a strip as
acting on said fastenings to release the same, and
a guide and abutment for the longitudinal assem
sembly of a multiplicity of relatively superposed
strips is supported and guided for movement, bly edge at the trailing end‘ portions of the in
i
'
‘
30 said assembly having fastenings longitudinally cllned releasing rods. .
30
12.
In
a
device
of
the
character
described,'in
spaced at _-intervals therealong attaching said
multiplicity of strips together, and releasing combination, a support upon which a strip as
means including a plurality of releasing rods ex- sembly of a multiplicity of relatively superposed
tending transversely oi.’ the assembly path and strips is supported and guided for movement, said
35, positioned respectively between di?'erent adja
assembly having fastenings longitudinally spaced
cent assembly strips for acting on said fastenings . at intervals therealong attaching said multiplicity
to release the same.
of strips together, and releasing means including
7. In a device of the character described, in 'a plurality of releasing rods extending trans
versely of the assembly path\in "longitudinal
combination,.a support upon which a strip as
sembly of a multiplicity of relatively superposed spaced relation with each other and being in
strips having longitudinallyspaced attachments clined to the path of strip'movement and posi 40
with each other is ‘supported and guided tioned respectively between adjacent assembly
for movement, and releasing means including strips for acting on said fastenings to release the
a plurality of releasing rods extending trans
same, and a guide and abutment for the longi
45 versely of the assembly path in longitudinally. tudinal assembly edge at the trailing end portions
45
spaced relation with each other, and positioned of the inclined releasing rods.
respectively between adjacent assembly strips
13. In a_ device of the character described, in
for acting individually on said attachments to re- . combination, a'support uponwhich a strip as
lease the same.
_
.
sembly of a multiplicity of relatively superposed
50 g 8. In a device of the character described, in
strips is supported and guided for movement,
combination, a s pport upon which a strip as
said assembly having fastenings longitudinally 50
sembly of a mulgplicity of relatively superposed spaced at intervals therealong attaching said
strips having a tachment with each other is
supported and guided for movement, and releas
55 ing means including a plurality of releasing rods .
extending transversely of the-assembly path in
inclined relation to the path of strip movement
and positioned respectively between di?erent ad=
jacent assembly strips for acting on the-attach
60 ment between the strips to release the‘ same.
9. In a device 01' the character described, in
.combination, a support upon which a strip as
65
multiplicity '6f strips together, and releasing
means including a plurality of releasing rods ex
tending transversely of the assembly path, in
longitudinally spaced relation with each other, 65
and positioned respectively between adiacent .as
so bly strips for acting on said fastenings to
r lease the same, and the longitudinalspacing of
‘said releasing rods being an aliquant part of the
fastening spacing.
'
sembly of a multiplicity of relatively superposed
strips is supported and guided for movement,
combination, a support for superposed strips at
said assembly having fastenings longitudinally
means for-sequentially releasing the strip at‘
spaced at intervals therealong attaching said
multiplicity of strips together, and releasing
tachments between different adjacent'strips at
di?'erent respective attachment intervals.
means including a plurality of releasing rods ex- ‘
tending transversely of the assembly path in
70 longitudinally spaced relation with each other
and being inclined to the path of strip movement
and positioned respectively between adjacent as-v
60.
- v14. In a device of the character described, in
tached together at intervals therealong, and
65
15. In a device oi’ the character described, in
combination, a support for superposed strips hav
ing fastening devices extending therethrough at
spaced intervals, vsaid strips being movable along 70
said support, and a releasing rod extending
transversely between the strips and inclined to
lease the same.
'
the path of strip movement and functioning to
10. In a device of the character described, in _ spread the strips apart so as to act initially at
sembly strips for acting on said fastenings to re
75
75
‘9,135,304
one lateral extremity of each'of the fastening
7 devices so as to release
the latter.
7 '
.
_16. In a device of the,character described, in
combination, a support upon which a strip as
sembly of a multiplicity of relatively superposed
strips having attachment with each other, is
supported and guided for movement, releasing
means including a plurality of releasing rods ex- I
tending transversely of the assemblypath in lon
gitudinally spaced relation with each other and
mounted so as mine positioned respectively be
tween dliferent adjacent assembly strips‘so as to
actv separately on difIerent parts of the strip
attachment to release the‘same, and means for
15
22. In a device of- the character described, in e ,
combination, a support, means for moving rela-'
tively to the support an assembly of three or"
more strips'ha'vin‘g' attachment with each other,
and means including a plurality of longitudinally spaced releasers inclined to the path of strp
movement and .arranged for interposition -be-'
tween adjacent strips for releasing the‘ attach
ment between di?erent adjacent strips sequen
tially, so as‘to release the strips in series from
maintaining said releasing rods stationary during
the releasing operation.
17. In_a device of the character described, in
combination, a support on which a strip assembly
the assembly.
'
.
23. In a device of the character described, in
combination, a plurality of longitudinally spaced
detaching rods extending transversely of the
path of movement of a_ group of attached strips,
15,
means for swingably mounting said rods so as to 1‘
facilitate positioning ‘them in strip detaching po- ,
sition with relation to the strips, means for hold
ing the rods in operative ‘position, and means for
of a plurality of relatively superposed strips hav-, feeding the strip across the, rods so as to detach v2o
20 ing attachment with each other, is supported and vthe strips from each other. said transverse de-f
guided, and releasing means including a releas 'taching rods being inclined to the path of strip
ing-rod extending transversely of the assembly, movement so as-to release sequentially trans
"and positioned in inclined relation to the longié versely spacedstrip attachments.
tudinal axis of the‘ strip and between adjacent
24. In a device of the character described, in 25
assembly strips so as to act on the strip attach- , combination, ‘a plurality'of longitudinally spaced
ment ?rst at one lateral extremity thereof to. re
lease the same upon relative movement between
strip detaching rods extendingtransversely of
the path'of movement of a group of strips having
attachment with each other at spaced intervals
I .the strip assembly and the releasing rod.
18. In a device of the character described, in ' therealong, the spacing of the detaching rods be
on which a strip assembly ing an aliquant part of the longitudinal spacing
30 combination, aofsupport
vof a plurality relatively superposed strips hav-, .
guided for movement, and releasing means in
cluding a ,releasing rod extending transversely
of the strip attachments, and means for movably
mounting said rods to facilitate positioning them
in strip detaching position between the strips.
tween adjacent assembly strips for acting on the
strip attachment ?rst atone lateral extremity,
for releasing the attachment at one of said points
between two strips of an adjacent pair, and
~ ing attachment with each other is supported and
25. In a device for separating three or more 85
of the assembly path and positioned in inclined ' strips°having attachment. with each other at
relation to the path of strip movement and be
spaced points therealong, in combination, means
thereof to release the same; and means for main
said releasing rod stationary during the.
'40 taining
releasing operation.
19.'In a device of the character described, in
' combination, a support, means for moving. rela
tively to the support ‘an assembly of three or
more strips having attachment with each other,
45 and means for releasing the attachment between
di?erent adjacent strips sequentially so as to re
lease the strips in series from the assembly.
20. In a device of the character described, in
combination, a support, means for moving rela
50 tively-to the support an assembly of- three or
more strips having attachment with each other,
-' and means including a plurality of longitudinally
means operating in sequence with the ?rst men
40'
tioned releasing means for releasing at the same
point the attachment between the strips of a
different adjacent pair.
~
I
26. A method of releasing superposed strips‘
having attachment‘with each other at spaced in 45
tervals, including, releasing the attachment at
one interval between two adjacent strips, and
subsequently releasing the attachment at the‘
same interval between one of said two adjacent,v
strips and a third strip.
27. A method of releasing superposed strips
having ‘attachment with each other at spaced
intervals, vincluding, sequentially releasing the
attachments between two adjacent strips at the‘
spaced releasers arranged for interposition be 'di?erent intervals, and ‘sequentially releasing the tween adjacent "strips at different longitudinal attachments between one of said two strips and
parts thereof for releasing the attachment be
v .55
I tween different adjacent strips sequentially so as
to release‘ the strips in series from the assembly.‘ '
..,21.,In, a device of the character described, in
combination, a supportrmeans formoving rela
tively to. the support an‘ assembly of'three _or
' _ more strips having attachment» with
each other,
and means including a plurality oi longitudinally
' ' spaced releasers arranged‘ for interposition be- _
05
tween adjacent strips at different longitudinal
parts thereof ,for releasing ‘the attachment b‘é
a third strip at the different intervals respective
ly in sequerReJwith the ?rst mentioned releasing
operation.
‘
‘
'
28. A method of releasing superposed strips
having attachment with each other at spaced
intervals,‘ including, sequentiallyv releasing one at
a time the attachments between two adjacent
strips at the different intervals, and sequentially
releasing one at a time the attachments between 65
one of said two strips and a'third strip at the
different intervals respectively in sequence with‘
tween di?erent adjacent strips sequentially so . ‘the first mentioned releasing operation.
as to release the strips in series from the as
sembly, and means for maintaining said releasers
stationary during the releasing operation.
Bonnier P. frnmnm‘on.
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