Патент USA US2135364код для вставки
NOV. 1, 1938. I R P. TEM'F-LETQN _ 2,135,364 STRIP FASTENER RELEASE Filed March 21, 1955 5 Shee’és—$heet 1 1'7 l-iwv'en’c’of; Robert’ I Tempisi‘on NOV. 1, 1938. R. P‘. TEMPLETON STRIB FASTENER RELEASE Filed March 21, 195a _ ' 2,135,364 I *5 Sheets—Sheet '2 jnvenzo 7; ' /', jg Ze‘fon Nov. 1, 1938. R. P. TEMPLETON STRIP FASTENER RELEASE Filed March 21, 1956 I 2,135,364 ~ 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 2,135,364 Patented Nov. 1, 1938 UNlTED STATES 7 PATENT; oFFicEj. A? x 2,135,364 _ STRIP'FASTENER RELEASE Robert P. Templeton, Niagara Falls, N. E, as-' .signor to American Sales Book Company, Inc., Niagara Falls, N. ‘1., a corporation of Dela- , ware Application March 21, 1936, sci-n No. 10,139, 28 Claims.°~ (oi. 271-21) This invention relates to improvements in the tween adjacent pairs of strips at another fasten method and apparatus for separating a plurality ing point of the assembly so that the fastening of attached strips from each other. While the between adjacent pairs of strips at two different inventionis adapted for the advantageous and fastening points will be released one at a‘ time, economical separation of attached strips of var thus ‘avoiding excessive or objectionable resist- I 5 ious sorts, it is herein disclosed for separating ance to strip movement. ‘ " long, continuous record strips interleaved in Another object of the invention is to provide manifolding relation with long, continuous car an improved releasing means for releasing the bon or transfer stripstthe‘ invention being espe ‘fastening devices between superposed strips of cially useful in this relation for separating such ‘ paper or like material, so that the fastening de- m assembly strips which, are utilized in various forms of record machines, such, for example, "as tabulating machines, billing machines, auto graphic registers, typewriters, teletypewriters, 16 and the like. ' ' . It is a general object of the invention to‘ pro vide a means and method for separating at tached strips in an improved functional manner, whereby the strips may be quickly and easily sep vices will be freed from all of the strips but one to which they will cling thereby to be removed out of the ?eld of operation. - ' - Other objects of the invention will be in part pointed out in the following detailed‘ description of an illustrative but preferred embodiment of the invention and will be in part obvious in con nection therewith. ‘_ The invention accordingly comprises the sev 20 arated from each other, and without injury to ' eral steps, and the relation and order of one or ' the strips. Another object of the invention is to provide an improved means for removing the fastening devices for holding a plurality of superposed strips in collated relation with each other, Whether the fastening .devices be of the ?lamen tary type extending through the paper strips such as light wire staples, textile threads and the like,. or whether they be in the form of spot'adhesive at spaced intervals along the strip assembly and .30~ interposed between adjacent pairs ,of strips. A further object of the inventionlis to pro 25 vide an improved means for releasing the fasten ing devices between superposed! strips of a strip 35 assembly which willrelease the different fasten '- ing devices or the fastening between adjacent pairs of strips sequentially or one at a time so as to avoid objectionable resistance to strip movement and to assure the satisfactory freeing of 40 the strips from each other without damage or marring of the strips. . . , > , , Still another object of the invention is to pro vide an improved means and method 01‘ sep arating and freeing from each other'a plurality 45 of superposed strips by separating or spreading the strips apart slightly in the vicinity of the several fastening devices so as to free the strips from the fastening devices and from each other. more of such steps with respect to each of the others, and the apparatus embodying features of construction, combinations of elements and‘ arrangement of ‘parts which are adapted to effect such steps, all as exemplified in the following detailed disclosure, and the scope of the appli cation of which will be indicated in the claims. For a more comprehensive understanding of the nature and objects of the invention, refer-' ence is had to the following detailed description 30 of the illustrative embodiment, and to the ac companying drawings, in which: -' Fig.1 is a fragmentary, perspective view of an apparatus embodying the invention;v \ Fig. 2 is a plan view thereof; , 35 Figs. 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 are partially diagrammat- , 10, similar longitudinal vertical sectional views of the apparatus shown in Figs. 1 and 2 and show ingthe method of separating the strips from their attachment with each other at successive- 4o ly‘ different stages; , i Fig. 8 is a transverse vertical section showing the mounting and arrangement of one of the re leasing rods; , I . Fig. 9 is a fragmentary elevation showing one 45 of the clasps for holding the ‘releasing rods'in position; and a " Fig. 10‘is'a partially diagrammatic, perspective Another object of the invention is to provide a ‘view of asupply ‘of long, continuous interleaved means for releasing "superposed attached strips, record and transfer stripsattached- together at 50 from each other which will function/in an im-. form length intervals. , 4 , , proved manner not only to sequentially release Although the improved mechanism for remov the respective pairs of string at‘ one of the fas ing the fastenings between superposed strips tening points of the assembly, but will also func may be advantageously‘ used in connection with tion to release sequentially the fastenings be - different types of strips, it is herein disclosed 5"; . ‘ 2,185,864 2 part of the framework It, being connected to gether by appropriate tie rods or cross-frame for removing the ‘fastening devices securing long continuous interleaved record and transfer pa ‘per strips together at spaced intervals there along. Also the invention may be utilized \in ' connection with different forms of attaching devices such as spot adhesive positioned between adjacent pairs of strips at spaced intervals along members, two of which are indicated at I8; This famework provides a guide and support for, the \ \ record assembly over which said assembly may be \moved forwardly either manually or by an ap propriate feeding mechanism. The rear tie rod the assembly or ?lamentary attachments such as textile threads, light wire staples and the like, 18 provides a guiderod over which the assembly passes, and adjustably attached to said rodin 10 any appropriatemanner is an edge guiding ele piercing or passing through the strips at inter vals therealong so as to bind all the strips to gitudinal edge of‘the assembly to ‘guide it in ment or disk l9 adapted to engage with one lon gether in the assembly. For illustrative purposes the ?lamentary type of fastener is herein ‘dis correct position in its ‘movement. closed being shown as staples l5 arranged along feeding mechanism adapted .to engage with. the 15 the manifolding assembly of record and carbon strips at spaced intervals._ Thelongitudinal spac ing of the fasteners I5 is equal to the form lengths of the record strips S. The fastening staples shown are of light wire, preferably hav 20 ing two staple legs. passing through the strips of , At the forward part ‘crane frame there is a assembly of strips to feed it forwardly through 1 the fastener releasing mechanism. 7 As shown, this feeding mechanism embodies a lower feed roll 20 'rotatably mounted_in> the frame and upper ‘ pressure feed disks or rollers 2|, adapted to press 20 the assembly against the feed roll 20. The feed » the assembly and having their free ends clinched . roll 20 is carried on a drive shaft 22 while the or bent over to secure each staple in operative pressure disks 2| are’carried by a shaft 23, these ' position to bind all of the strips together in col two shafts being constrained for' simultaneous lated aligned position in the assembly. The sta rotation by intermeshing tooth gears 24 mounted 25 The feed shafts may be driven by any .25 ple legs opposite to the clinched or bent over ter thereon. appropriate source of power, such, for example, minals thereof are connected by the wire form ing the yoke end of the staple. The clinched as a small electric motor M connected to the driving gear 25, The motordriven gear 25 may ends of the staples as shown are preferably po sitioned at the upper surface of the assembly or be rotatably mounted in any desired manner 30 blank‘ upon the frame as by ‘a stub shaft or the like and 30 at the surface thereof provided with The rec-“ a smaller toothedvgear attached to the gear 25 forms for receiving the inscriptions. ord' strips S of the assembly preferably have meshes with a similar gear attached to the roller _ printed blank forms arranged in a series there or drive shaft 22. _ The disk shaft carrying the pressure disks 2| along and transverse weakened severance lines 35 S’ are arranged at form-length intervals along is connected to the free ends of the swinging sup each record strip whereby the record strips may porting arms 26 connected for swinging move be conveniently severed into lengths or sheets. ment to the adjacent tie rod l8 and stressed springs 21 are connected to these swinging arms This severance of the record sheets is usually ef fected after the inscriptions have been entered normally urging themtogether with the pres on the record strips. Although for some purposes sure disks in a direction to cause’said disks tov the interleaved carbon or transfer strips C may yieldingly engage with the upper surface of the be provided with similar transverse weakened assembly to press and grip the latteriagainst the severance lines corresponding to the weakened feed roll 20. It will therefore be seen that op-' eration of this feedingmechanism will draw the lines S’, as herein’ disclosed the said transfer . assembly forward over the support and guide and 45 strips are unprovided with weakened severance lines corresponding to the lines S’ of the record strips. The assembly of record and transfer past the fastening releasing mechanism; Connected to one of the longitudinal'side frame. strips constructed as described will ordinarily be. I members I‘! is a supporting plate 28, and a similar supporting plate 29 is connected to the opposite longitudinal frame member. Both of these supporting plates are provided with slots 30 opening through the upper edges thereof for receiving and supporting the [fastener ‘releasing folded into the form of a zigzag supply pad S2 '60 as shown'in Fig. 10'. This supply pad is conven ient for use in connection withv the various forms of tabulating or manifolding machines. ‘ As shown generally in Figs. 1 and 2, the im proved fastener releasing mechanism is support members which are herein shown in this illus ed on an appropriate framework indicated gen erally at it which may be of any desired con struction and arrangement either for being at bars or rods 3| extending transversely of the trative embodiment of the invention as metallic strip guide and support. Each of these releasing ,tached to a tabulating or other .manifolding ma- ' chine or for resting upon a floor, table or like support. This mechanism may be either at tached directly to the tabulating' machine or it can be used separately therefrom. If the fas " rods is flattened at one end 32 and provided’ with an opening for receiving a supporting pin 33 positioned in a longitudinal bore or passage way in the supporting ‘plate 28. By means of this the releasing bars is supported mounting each of tener releasing mechanism .is attached directly 'for rising and falling pivotal movement whereby to the tabulating machine, the assembly of at ‘it maybe swung into its normal operative posi tached record ‘and transfer strips will .be led tion as shown in Fig. 2, or raised and swung out wardly from this position. The opposite or free directly from the tabulating machine to the re leasing mechanism. In Fig. I the assembly of ' swinging ends of the‘releasing rods are received record and transfer strips is shown as being led in the slots 30 of the supporting plate 29 and supported therein in their normal operative posi directly from the zigzag pad S2 wherein the in 70 scriptions are assumed to have been previously ' tion. Spring catches or latches 34, as shown in Fig. 9, may be provided for receiving the ends of entered upon the original record strips and trans ferred to the copy record strips by means of the 'the rods 3| so as'to retain .them in their nor carbon strips. ' ' - ' ' Laterally spaced longitudinally extending side 75 frame members II are connected to or from a mal operative position. While the releasing‘ rods Ql may arranged I ' r 3 2,185,864 in different positions relatively to each other and receiving opening, and so on for all of the assem to the supporting frame for releasing the strip . bly strips. Therefore, as the strips are fed for; fastening devices as later more fully described, a wardlyafter the fastening devices have been re very effective and functionally advantageous vmoved, the strips will be .‘separated from each. manner of mounting these rods is that as here in disclosed. In this preferred embodiment of other and will be disposedin different parts in 5 the respective‘ receiving compartments. When the record and carbon strips have been trans the invention, the releasing rods are arranged in"a ‘longitudinal series along the assembly guide ' versely creased as shown, and folded into the zig and support and are spaced longitudinally short zag supply pack S2, there will be a tendency, 10 distances from each other. => As shown, these rods upon entering the respective receiving compart 10 ments 31, 38, etc., to again fold on these trans preferably lie in the same horizontal plane. Also the rods may, as shown, be parallel to each verse‘ fold lines so, as. to assume zigzag folded condition as indicated by the part or pack 39 in - other, but they are all inclined to the path of longitudinal movement of the assembly. The 15 angularity of inclination of the releasing rods may ' vary somewhat in practice, but they are found to operate most efficiently and satisfactorily when the inclination is in the vicinity of 4§° to the path of strip movement as shown. As shown, the '20 releasing bars 3| are preferably circular in cross Fig.. 1. . , _ ' ' An illustrative embodiment of the fastener re leasing mechanism having been described in de~ tall, the operation thereofvwill be clearly under stood and may be summarized as follows: ' ' The attached assembly of "record and transfer strips is led from the tabulatlng or other mani .20 section but other cross sectional shapes may be folding machine or from the pad S2 over the ' guide rod- l3. The- ?rst or rearward releasing Although a plate corresponding to the plate 23 . rod If is then placed between the top record may be positioned at either side of the strip “strip and the next'ad'acent strip of the assembly utilized. guide,v ordinarily it is positioned adjacent to the , which is one of the carbon strips C. The second rearward ends of the releasing bars 3|, or those releasing rod is similarly positioned-between the 25' ends which are carried orincline'drearwardly to uppermost carbon stripand the next, lower rec ward the rear end of the machine, or to the right ord strip while additional releasing rods are simi in Figs. 1 and 2. The plate .23 is made smooth larly positioned between the other adjacent pairs at its inner surface ,to form an edge guide and of assembly strips. In this manner it will be abutment~~for the assembly and to prevent it - understood that there is one of the releasingrods 30 from becoming displaced from its normal posi tion during the feeding and releasing operation. When positioned as shown, the tractor feed de vice tends to cause the assembly to contact with the guide 29 even though the releasing oi’ the staples against the inclined rods II has some - tendency to move the assembly laterally‘ away ' from the guide 29. ‘ ' It will be noted that as shown in the drawings it is desirable that the longitudinal spacing of the releasing rods ll be considerably less than the longitudinal spacing of the fastening, devices vor staples i5. Flu'thermore, it is desirable that 45 the spacing of the releasing rods be an aliquant part of the spacing of the fastening-devices. The - reason for this spacing- relationship is explained more‘ fully below in referring to the operation of the improved mechanism. Forwardly of the strip feeding mechanism there positioned between each adjacent pair of assembly strips. Accordingly, a sufficient number of releasing rods will be providedfor the accommo- , dation of the assembly having the largest number of strips intended to be used.‘ The assembly is then placed in the feeding mechanism and the forward or freed ends of the strips positioned in the receiving openings or slots 33 as above de scribed. , ' . ' Then upon starting of the feeding mechanism, the assembly will be forwardly fed and the fas teners I! will be released so as to free the strips from each other in the following manner. As the ' ?rst fastener approaches the first or rearward re leasing rod 3|}, the strips of the upper pair will 45 be separated or moved away from each other a short distance, which is su?icient to cause the fastener-to be pulled through the uprbermost strip, the strip material being severed slightly to permit the fastener to be released from en 50' gagement with this strip. In this connection it‘ way 3! as shown is preferably inclined down- , will be noted that this severance or pulling of the wardiy and forwardly and is provided at inter fastener from the record strips will befacilitated ' vals therealong with transverse slits or openings for individually receiving the strips of the as-v by virtue of the fact that the fasteners are posi as semblyr Ordinarily there will be a receiving tioned directly upon the weakened severance lines 8'. After the severance of the connectiombe opening 36 for each of the record and transfer tween the two uppermost strips ‘as described,'.the strips of theassembly; The first receiving open next successive pair of stripswill be freed om ing 38', that is, the one nearest the feeding each other when the fastener l5 comes into o'p mechanism, leads to a receiving compartment 31 erative relation with the second releasing bar 3| beneath the guide 35 for receiving the lowermost of the series, this detachment being effected in . strip of the assembly which in thas case will be a manner similar'to that described for the upper a record strip. The next successive receiving or ?rst pair of strips. However, it will be noted, is a guideway over which the assembly passes uponv‘emerging, from the feed roll. This guide opening 33 leads to a similar receiving compart; meat 38 which, as shown, receives the next suc cessive strip which is one of the carbon-stripsv C. The other’assembly strips will similarly be re ceived in compartments provided therefor similar to the compartments 3‘! and 33. ~ when the strips arelarranged in position in the machine, the lowermost ‘record strip will be en-_ tered into the first transverse receiving opening 30, the next successive strip, namely the carbon strip C will be entered into the next successive as above mentioned, that the carbon strips are preferably unprovided with weakened severance , lines; but this condition does not interfere with the fastener tearing through the carbon strip so ‘. as to bereleased therefrom as it comesinto posi tion adjacent to the releasing rod 3|. This is for 70 the reason that the staple or fas‘teneris attached in all of the lower strips, whereby it has a firmer’. attachment to the lower strips than to the single carbon strip, and severance or release. of the fas tener accordingly occurs at the carbon strip. 75 2, 185,864 tachm'ent of the fastener to'the carbon strip This selective release is furthermore promoted by being slightly stronger than its attachment to 4 virtue of the fact that the clinched or bent over ends of the staple-legs are more readily severed from or pulled through the strips than is the yoke end of the staple, Similarly the successive pairs of strips are released from each other‘one at a time as-the assembly advances along the series .of releasing ‘rods. In‘ other words, the release : ‘I of the fastening means between the different 10 pairs of- adjacent strips is successive and the re the record strip, said fastener will finally re mainlattached to and will cling tothe lower- _ . > most carbon strip. This condition is shown in Figs. 3,4 and 5 where the fastener'li' has been detached from all of these strips except the lower carbon strip. This feature is also of advantage because by this means the staples are removed lease is effected sequentially. This successive re from all of the record strips and remain at 10 tached to the carbon strip which isv ordinarily lease of the attachments between the several pairs of‘ adjacent record strips is of particular im discarded after use, especially in cases where the carbon strip is of the one time type. ‘ ,In cases‘where there are a large number of portance and advantage because thereby the re record and transfer strips in the assembly and 15 sistance to forward movement of the strips is under certain conditions of fastener spacing, it 'kept very low at all times and stresses set up inv will be noticed two ‘successive fastenings will fall ‘ the several strips are minimized and tearing or ' at the same time within the ?eld of operation otherwise marring the strips is almost wholly of the releasing rods 3|. This will occur, for avoided. Also, by this means, the attaching de example, when thelongitudinal spacing of the 20 20 vices are released only from a single strip at any fasteners l5 vis less than the longitudinal dis-" particular instant, so that the effort required for tance between the front and rear releasing bars ' release is very small. Because of these facts, 3|.- Under these conditions, fastenerv release of _ tearing of the strips or warping or fraying or otherwise marring thereof is almost wholly 25 avoided and the effort required to feed the strips forwardly is very'small, whereby a feeding mech the two successive fasteners will be progressing substantially at the same time. However,v the 25 successive or sequential release of the fasten ings between’ the pairs of adjacent strips at both anism of a simple nature is satisfactory. It will ' successive fastening devices will be maintained be understood that the showing of Figs. 3, 4, 5, 6 because as above pointed out the spacing of the ‘and 7, depicting the manner of the sequential re releasing bars 31 is an aliquant part of the spec 30~ lease of the fastening devices above described, is 30 quite largely diagrammatic, being made so for the ing of the fastening devices l5. Therefore, this further contributes to maintaining purpose of facilitating and clarifying the disclo - arrangement the resistance to strip movement substantially sure. ~Normally, the record and‘ transfer strips lie close to each other in face to face relationship, equal and of low degree atall times. I Since certain changes in carrying out the 35 and are bound ?rmly in this position, by the fas above and in the construction set forth, ’ tening devices I5. Alsothe strips will be drawn which process embody the invention,» may be made over the surfaces of the releasing bars and their departing from its scope, ‘it is intended relative’ position with reference to these bars will without that all matter contained in the above descriptime to time, dependent ‘vary [considerably from 40 factors including the position of the tion or shown in‘ the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a .40 upon/various fastening devices with reference to the individual releasing bars. However, when a fastening de- ' vice between two adjacent strips approaches a releasing bar, these strips will be spread apart due to the action of the bar, thus forcingthe fas .45 tener through one of the strips by tearing the same or parting the fibres thereof. , It is of particular advantage that the fasten limiting sense. > " i Y Having described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters'Pate'nt is: 1. In a device of the character ‘described, in 45 combination, means for moving ‘a strip assem bly havingv a plurality of strip fastenings spaced - therealong and fastening the assembly strips. to gether, releasing means operable by asse bly ing bars 3| be inclined as described because v-re- ’ lease of the fastening devices is more readily movement for releasing 'said fastenings to free 50 the strips from each other, and means whereby so effected 'under this arrangement.‘ One reason said releasingmeans functions to release sequen 7 for this is that'the release is more gradual; an other reason, where staples are utilized, is that tially the fastenings between the different pairs of adjacent strips. _ ' the release of the two legs of each staple is ef 2. In ‘a device of the character described, ‘in fected sequentially, or in other words, each leg' 56 is separately released. This is due to the" fact‘ combination, means for moving a strip assem bly having a plurality of strip fastenlngs spaced ' that the two staple legs are spaced transversely therealong and fastening the assembly strips to of the assembly, and therefore, one leg- ap gether, releasing means operable .by assembly _' proaches‘ the inclined forward'surface of the movement for releasing said fastenings to free releasing bar so as to be released thereby slight strips-from each other, and means whereby 60 ly in advance of the other leg. This sequential the said releasing means functions to release sequen release of the twostaple legs .further contrib tially the fastenings between the di?‘erent pairs utes- to theeven and relatively small resistance of adjacent strips at two successive spaced fas to the feedingmovement of the assembly. 65 As above mentioned, the transfer strips C are 3. In -»a device of the character described,'in as tenings. frequently unprovided with .weakened trans verse severance lines and ‘the fastening staples pass through these strips at unweakened por-' tions thereof.‘ Therefore, referring particular 70,1y to Figs/4 and ‘7, when the fastener between the lowermost pair ofiadiacent strips approaches the releasing bar 3|, as shown in Fig. 7,,the fas tener will be released from the lower record strip because of the fact that it is positioned directly line'of 'that strip. The at75 upon the. weakened ' > » I combination, means for moving a strip ~assembly vhaving‘- a‘ plurality of: strip fastenings spaced therealong, and fastening the assembly strips to-v gether, releasing means operable by assembly movement for releasing said fastenings to free the strips from each other, and means whereby said 'releasing means releases said fastenings from one or more of the strips but leaves them finally clinging _-to another of the strips. 76 2,185,864 4. In a device of the character described, in combination, a support upon which a strip as sembly having a series- of strip fastenings lon gitudinally spaced therealong and fastening the strips together at di?erent parts thereof rela tively located transversely of the assembly, is supported for movement, and releasing means mounted for cooperation individually with said jstrip fastenings and operable ‘by strip movement for releasing one after another the-transversely located parts of said fastenings so as to free the strips from each other. 5. In a devicev of the character described, in combination, a support upon which a strip as 15. sembly of a multiplicity oi.’ relative superposed strips is supported and guided for movement, said assembly having fastenings longitudinally spaced at intervals therealong, attaching said multiplicity of strips together, and a plurality 20 of - releasing devices each of which is respec 5 combination, a support upon which a strip as sembly of a multiplicity of relatively superposed strips is supported and guided for movement. said assembly having fastenings longitudinally spaced at- intervals therealong ‘attaching said multiplicity of strips together, and releasing means including a plurality of releasing rods ex- . tending transversely of the assembly path in lon gitudinally spaced relation with each other and positioned respectively between adjacent assem 10 bly strips for acting on said fastenings to release the same, the longitudinal spacing of said releas- - ing rods being less than the longitudinal spacing of the assembly fastenings. '11. In a device of the character described, in’ 15 combination, a support upon which a strip assem bly of a multiplicity of relatively suplarposed strips is supported and guided for movement, said as sembly having fastenings longitudinally spaced at intervals therealong attaching said multiplicity 20 tively positioned between different adjacent su of strips together, and releasing means including , perposed strips and operable by strip movement a plurality oi releasing rods extending trans for acting on said fastenings so as.to release se versely of the assembly path in inclined relation l/quen'tially the attachment between the respective .to the path of strip movementland positioned 25 pairs of adjacent strips. . respectively between adjacent assembly strips for 25 6. In a device of the character described, in combination, a support upon which a strip as acting on said fastenings to release the same, and a guide and abutment for the longitudinal assem sembly of a multiplicity of relatively superposed strips is supported and guided for movement, bly edge at the trailing end‘ portions of the in i ' ‘ 30 said assembly having fastenings longitudinally cllned releasing rods. . 30 12. In a device of the character described,'in spaced at _-intervals therealong attaching said multiplicity of strips together, and releasing combination, a support upon which a strip as means including a plurality of releasing rods ex- sembly of a multiplicity of relatively superposed tending transversely oi.’ the assembly path and strips is supported and guided for movement, said 35, positioned respectively between di?'erent adja assembly having fastenings longitudinally spaced cent assembly strips for acting on said fastenings . at intervals therealong attaching said multiplicity to release the same. of strips together, and releasing means including 7. In a device of the character described, in 'a plurality of releasing rods extending trans versely of the assembly path\in "longitudinal combination,.a support upon which a strip as sembly of a multiplicity of relatively superposed spaced relation with each other and being in strips having longitudinallyspaced attachments clined to the path of strip'movement and posi 40 with each other is ‘supported and guided tioned respectively between adjacent assembly for movement, and releasing means including strips for acting on said fastenings to release the a plurality of releasing rods extending trans same, and a guide and abutment for the longi 45 versely of the assembly path in longitudinally. tudinal assembly edge at the trailing end portions 45 spaced relation with each other, and positioned of the inclined releasing rods. respectively between adjacent assembly strips 13. In a_ device of the character described, in for acting individually on said attachments to re- . combination, a'support uponwhich a strip as lease the same. _ . sembly of a multiplicity of relatively superposed 50 g 8. In a device of the character described, in strips is supported and guided for movement, combination, a s pport upon which a strip as said assembly having fastenings longitudinally 50 sembly of a mulgplicity of relatively superposed spaced at intervals therealong attaching said strips having a tachment with each other is supported and guided for movement, and releas 55 ing means including a plurality of releasing rods . extending transversely of the-assembly path in inclined relation to the path of strip movement and positioned respectively between di?erent ad= jacent assembly strips for acting on the-attach 60 ment between the strips to release the‘ same. 9. In a device 01' the character described, in .combination, a support upon which a strip as 65 multiplicity '6f strips together, and releasing means including a plurality of releasing rods ex tending transversely of the assembly path, in longitudinally spaced relation with each other, 65 and positioned respectively between adiacent .as so bly strips for acting on said fastenings to r lease the same, and the longitudinalspacing of ‘said releasing rods being an aliquant part of the fastening spacing. ' sembly of a multiplicity of relatively superposed strips is supported and guided for movement, combination, a support for superposed strips at said assembly having fastenings longitudinally means for-sequentially releasing the strip at‘ spaced at intervals therealong attaching said multiplicity of strips together, and releasing tachments between different adjacent'strips at di?'erent respective attachment intervals. means including a plurality of releasing rods ex- ‘ tending transversely of the assembly path in 70 longitudinally spaced relation with each other and being inclined to the path of strip movement and positioned respectively between adjacent as-v 60. - v14. In a device of the character described, in tached together at intervals therealong, and 65 15. In a device oi’ the character described, in combination, a support for superposed strips hav ing fastening devices extending therethrough at spaced intervals, vsaid strips being movable along 70 said support, and a releasing rod extending transversely between the strips and inclined to lease the same. ' the path of strip movement and functioning to 10. In a device of the character described, in _ spread the strips apart so as to act initially at sembly strips for acting on said fastenings to re 75 75 ‘9,135,304 one lateral extremity of each'of the fastening 7 devices so as to release the latter. 7 ' . _16. In a device of the,character described, in combination, a support upon which a strip as sembly of a multiplicity of relatively superposed strips having attachment with each other, is supported and guided for movement, releasing means including a plurality of releasing rods ex- I tending transversely of the assemblypath in lon gitudinally spaced relation with each other and mounted so as mine positioned respectively be tween dliferent adjacent assembly strips‘so as to actv separately on difIerent parts of the strip attachment to release the‘same, and means for 15 22. In a device of- the character described, in e , combination, a support, means for moving rela-' tively to the support an assembly of three or" more strips'ha'vin‘g' attachment with each other, and means including a plurality of longitudinally spaced releasers inclined to the path of strp movement and .arranged for interposition -be-' tween adjacent strips for releasing the‘ attach ment between di?erent adjacent strips sequen tially, so as‘to release the strips in series from maintaining said releasing rods stationary during the releasing operation. 17. In_a device of the character described, in combination, a support on which a strip assembly the assembly. ' . 23. In a device of the character described, in combination, a plurality of longitudinally spaced detaching rods extending transversely of the path of movement of a_ group of attached strips, 15, means for swingably mounting said rods so as to 1‘ facilitate positioning ‘them in strip detaching po- , sition with relation to the strips, means for hold ing the rods in operative ‘position, and means for of a plurality of relatively superposed strips hav-, feeding the strip across the, rods so as to detach v2o 20 ing attachment with each other, is supported and vthe strips from each other. said transverse de-f guided, and releasing means including a releas 'taching rods being inclined to the path of strip ing-rod extending transversely of the assembly, movement so as-to release sequentially trans "and positioned in inclined relation to the longié versely spacedstrip attachments. tudinal axis of the‘ strip and between adjacent 24. In a device of the character described, in 25 assembly strips so as to act on the strip attach- , combination, ‘a plurality'of longitudinally spaced ment ?rst at one lateral extremity thereof to. re lease the same upon relative movement between strip detaching rods extendingtransversely of the path'of movement of a group of strips having attachment with each other at spaced intervals I .the strip assembly and the releasing rod. 18. In a device of the character described, in ' therealong, the spacing of the detaching rods be on which a strip assembly ing an aliquant part of the longitudinal spacing 30 combination, aofsupport vof a plurality relatively superposed strips hav-, . guided for movement, and releasing means in cluding a ,releasing rod extending transversely of the strip attachments, and means for movably mounting said rods to facilitate positioning them in strip detaching position between the strips. tween adjacent assembly strips for acting on the strip attachment ?rst atone lateral extremity, for releasing the attachment at one of said points between two strips of an adjacent pair, and ~ ing attachment with each other is supported and 25. In a device for separating three or more 85 of the assembly path and positioned in inclined ' strips°having attachment. with each other at relation to the path of strip movement and be spaced points therealong, in combination, means thereof to release the same; and means for main said releasing rod stationary during the. '40 taining releasing operation. 19.'In a device of the character described, in ' combination, a support, means for moving. rela tively to the support ‘an assembly of three or more strips having attachment with each other, 45 and means for releasing the attachment between di?erent adjacent strips sequentially so as to re lease the strips in series from the assembly. 20. In a device of the character described, in combination, a support, means for moving rela 50 tively-to the support an assembly of- three or more strips having attachment with each other, -' and means including a plurality of longitudinally means operating in sequence with the ?rst men 40' tioned releasing means for releasing at the same point the attachment between the strips of a different adjacent pair. ~ I 26. A method of releasing superposed strips‘ having attachment‘with each other at spaced in 45 tervals, including, releasing the attachment at one interval between two adjacent strips, and subsequently releasing the attachment at the‘ same interval between one of said two adjacent,v strips and a third strip. 27. A method of releasing superposed strips having ‘attachment with each other at spaced intervals, vincluding, sequentially releasing the attachments between two adjacent strips at the‘ spaced releasers arranged for interposition be 'di?erent intervals, and ‘sequentially releasing the tween adjacent "strips at different longitudinal attachments between one of said two strips and parts thereof for releasing the attachment be v .55 I tween different adjacent strips sequentially so as to release‘ the strips in series from the assembly.‘ ' ..,21.,In, a device of the character described, in combination, a supportrmeans formoving rela tively to. the support an‘ assembly of'three _or ' _ more strips having attachment» with each other, and means including a plurality oi longitudinally ' ' spaced releasers arranged‘ for interposition be- _ 05 tween adjacent strips at different longitudinal parts thereof ,for releasing ‘the attachment b‘é a third strip at the different intervals respective ly in sequerReJwith the ?rst mentioned releasing operation. ‘ ‘ ' 28. A method of releasing superposed strips having attachment with each other at spaced intervals,‘ including, sequentiallyv releasing one at a time the attachments between two adjacent strips at the different intervals, and sequentially releasing one at a time the attachments between 65 one of said two strips and a'third strip at the different intervals respectively in sequence with‘ tween di?erent adjacent strips sequentially so . ‘the first mentioned releasing operation. as to release the strips in series from the as sembly, and means for maintaining said releasers stationary during the releasing operation. Bonnier P. frnmnm‘on.