close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US2135520

код для вставки
Nov. 8, 1938. '_
,
I
H. l.. LYON
ENGINE
Original Filed March 9, 1937
2,135,520
Patented Nov. 8, 1938
2,135,52@
UNITED STATES PATENT' OFFICE
2,135,520
ENGINE
Harold L. Lyon, Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii
Application March 9, 1937, Serial No. 129,949
Renewed December 30, 1937
2 Claims. (Cl. 121-48)
This invention relates to improvements in en
gines, audits objects are as follow:
First, vto provide an inexpensive power-yield
ing mechanism, herein simply designated an en
« gine, wherein a pliable conduit, which has one
‘ " end open and the other end connected to a source
illustrate and describe a simple form and to men
tion several deviations therefrom which can read
ily be visualized without the necessity of illustra 5
tions. Attention is therefore directed to the
drawing.
A base or foundation I of any appro
of pressure fluid, is passed between a revoluble
rcylinder and an abutment which is so closely situ
ated to the cylinder as to compress or restrict
priate type has pairs of standards 2, 3 upstanding
„ said conduit at one place until it is closed, the re
.1, the other pair being largely concealed by
sulting blocking of the passage of the pressure
fluid and the reaction of the abutment produc
mechanism which is presently described. The re
lationship of the two pairs of standards to the
ing revolution of said cylinder.
Second, to provide motion inthe rotatable ele
ment of a mechanism by encircling a wheel or
L!" its equivalent, which is a part o-f said mechanism,
with a pliable conduit into which a pressure fluid
is introduced, the conduit being squeezed at one
place until closed so as to produce a reaction as
2O
describe even a small number of such applica
tions, itis thought to be to the best advantage to
ì brought out below.
»
`
n
Y Third, to provide an engine of theforegoing de
scription in which a pressure-propelled moving
constriction in a pliable conduit 'is employed as
the impelling force by which to revolve a rotata
ble element.
therefrom. The ñrst pair 2 is clearly seen in Fig.
base is better seen in Fig. 2.
Blocks 4 and 5 are mounted upon each pair of
standards in spaced relationship to the base I 15
and to each other. The blocks .4 are fixed to the
standards (Fig. 2) and contain ball bearings 6, 'I
upon which the hollow shaft 8 of a drive wheel 9 is
journaled. The shaft 8 comprises the axle of the
wheel, and the web I 0 of the latter is appropriate
ly secured to the axle. Said axle is bored in from N)
each end to make it hollow as already stated, the
bores II, I2 stopping short of the center where
a dividing wall I3 is left as shown.
-
At places closely adjacent to the wall I3 the
Other objects and advantages will appear in the » hollow shaft has communicating nipples I4, I5
following specification, reference being had to the to the respective ones 0f which the ends I8 and il
accompanying drawing, in which:
of a pliable conduit I8 are secured by clamps I9
or their equivalents. This conduit is applied to
Figure 1 -is a perspective View of one embodi
and extends around the grooved rim 2G of the
ment
of
the
invention,
k
O
0
Figure 2 is a: detail cross-section of »the engine drive wheel 9. The major part of the pliable con
takeny on the line 2-2 of Fig. l,
duit lies in said grooved rim, as plainly shown in
Figure 3 is a rcross section of the engine taken Fig. 3, the only break in its continuity occurring
at the place where the ends I6, Il emerge at a
on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2, and
hole 2I in the web I2 in order to reach the nipples.
Y Figure 4 is a detail cross section of the engine
3 ytaken on the line 4-4 of Fig. l.
I4, I5 through which the conduit is placed in
As indicated by the foregoing statements of the fluid communication with the bores I L l2
Stationary chests or chambers 22, 23 provide
objects of the invention, the latter comprises a
simple and inexpensive mechanism which is for the inflow and exhaust of pressure ñuid into
and from the bores II, I2. These chests are sup
4_adapted to yield power according to a novel prin
4O
plied With packings 24 and glands 25 by which
ciple which, it is thought, has been heretofore neg
lected. VThis principle is simply stated in the fluid-tight joints are made around the remote
following language: When a pliable conduit, ends of. the hollow shaft 8 at the places where
said ends revolubly project into the chests. The
which has one end open and the other end con
Alatter are equipped with nipples 26, 21 to which
4 nected with a source of pressure fluid so as to pro
ject said fluid into the conduit, is passed between inlet and exhaust pipes 28 and 29 are secured by 45
a cylinder and an abutment which is situated so clamps 3D. The two chests 22, 23 are firmly at
closely to the perimeter of the cylinder as to tached in any appropriate manner, for example
compress vthe conduit until its bore is closed at by bolts 3I, to mounts 32 which are fixedly up
50 >one place, the pressure of the ñuid within the
conduit against the constriction will turn said
cylinder on its axis.
,
This principle'is capable of a wide variety of ap
plications. Inasmuch as this disclosure would be
55 unduly burdened by an attempt to illustrate and
standing from the base I as are the pairs of
standards already mentioned. A rider-wheel or
abutment 33 is mounted upon an axle 34 which is
journaled upon ball bearings 35, 36 in the blocks
5. These blocks, unlike the blocks 4, are movable
upon the pairs of standards 2, 3 as indicated at
2
3l
2,135,520
(Fig. 4). These blocks constitute slides.
The axle 34 carries a pulley 38 to which a belt 39
is applied for the transmission of power.
The
by the arrow f. The spent fluidA will be disd
charged through the exhaust pipe 29. At the
same moment the bend 52 (Fig. 3) will have
pulley 3S is shown on the axle 34 merely as one ì
passed under the rider-Wheel 33 and a newY con
illustration of how power can be taken oñ' from
striction Will have formed in the pliable conduit,
the engine. Inasmuch as the drive wheel SI turns there will be a repetition of the foregoing opera
also, as is presently brought out, it is readily seen . tion until the new constriction is driven along
that the pulley 38 could be secured to the hollow the conduit to the place where a change-over
shaft oraxle 8, the only requirement being to
make the axle long enough so as to enable
mounting the pulley between one of the blocks
d and the adjacent gland 25.
The rim 4i) of. the wheel 33 rides Within the
grooved rim 20 of the drive Wheel 9 and upon the
pliable conduit I8 so as to compress the latter at
one place, designated 4I in Fig. 3»,> untilfits bore
is closed at the point 42. In order to. accom
plish this purpose it is necessary that enough
pressure be applied to the pliable conduit. The
instant illustration shows the two wheels in verti
cal superimposition so. that the weight. of the
rider-Wheel or abutment 33. contributes largely to
the foregoing compression of the pliable conduit.
occurs to the bend 5|.
'
Rotation of the drive and rider-wheels 9, 33 10
will continue as described as long as pressure
fluid is admitted to the pliable conduit I8 in the
manner stated. If the pressure iluid is admitted
yto the pliable conduit by Way of the nipple I5
(Fig. 2') all of the directions of. movement de 15
scribed above- will be reversed, an obvious requi
site bei-ng that the opposite end of the conduit I8
shall be open to permit the discharge of the
spent fluidv when the time arrives.
At this point it is desired to say that the con 20
duit I8 is to be considered in its broadest aspect.
Generally it is made round in> cross-section, as
shown.
g
.
Y
However, in order to insure said closure, provision
Anyone _having the rider-wheel 33 in, mind can
is made for applying any additional Weight re
readily understand that its replacement with a 25
cylinder of any desired length would constitute
a modiñcation Within the spirit of this disclosure.
quired.
The spacing blocks 43 which are rigidly
mounted upon the standards. 2, 3 also serve as
guides for the upstanding rods 4.4, which slide This cylinder can be made to compress oneY or
freely in the holes 45; (Fig. 4) with their lower_ more pliableY conduits in the manner- already
emphasized.
`
.30
30 ends 4B riding upon the movable blocks 5 and
their upper ends carrying a pan 4l or its> equiva
lent to contain any necessary weight such as 4B.
Bridge-pieces 49 (Fig. l). connect the stand
ards 2, 3. in the manner shown.
The standards
y are stabilized by braces 5.0 which extend from the
bridge pieces to` the corners of the base _I.
Fromwhat has been stated so far it is readily
` understood that the slide blocksV 5. always main
I claim:
l. An engine comprising fixed upright stand».
ards, bearing blocks ñXedly carried by the stand
ards, a hollow shaft revoluble in the bearingk
blocks and having a partition, a drive wheel car 35
ried. by the shaft, a pliable conduiton the circum
ference ofV the drive wheel and having its. ends
connectedto the shaft bore at the opposite sides
tain the same positions relatively to each other ' of. the partition, couplings at the ends of the shaft.
40 by virtue of. their being», carried by the rigid. stand~` for the admission and. discharge of pressure fluid 40
ards 2, 3, thus insuring that. the rider-wheel. 33
will always rotate in the same plane as does. the.
drive wheel 9. Both wheels are Vhung the- same ~
to andffrom the conduit, bearing slides movably
carried by the standardsanaxle journalled in
said slides and carrying an abutment Wheel the
with respect to ,the` standards, the only exception
rim of which is imposed upon the crest of the
45 being that the‘nether supporting blocks 4_ are
fixed Whereas the upper blocks 5 are slidable.
conduit. to compressit to. the.- point of closure, 45
The weight 4,8 is resorted to only in the event
meansl by which to. impose weight upon the slides,
and means secured-to. the standards. and provid'
that the combinedv weights of the rider-wheel `
ing guides for parts of theY weight-imposing
or abutment 33 and the blocksv 5 by which it is
50 carried are insufficient tolA compress the pliable
conduit I8 to the extent of closure. of its bore
means.
Y
.
;
Y
.
2.. An engine comprising a ba_se,.pairs of stand 50
ards ñxed in the base- andA extending Íupright¿
as depicted by Fig,v 3..
therefrom, two blocks fixed in bridging positions
The operation is readily understood. The en- ' on each pair of. standards, serving to hold. the
gine is intended to be run by any commonly standards spaced, the bottom blocks being bear
55 known pressure fluid such as> steam., compressed ings and the top blocks having holes. to provide. 55
air, or'water under pressure. The latter. is here
taken. as. thepressure fluid merely for example.
Water under pressure entering the inlet pipe 28
Y by Way of’ arrow a. i's directed into- the bore II.
60 (Fig. 2) whence it passes. into. the` end'llìy of the
pliable conduit I8 as indicated by arrow b.. yThe
right side. of the conduit will be. filled (Fig. 3)..
Pressure is imposed againstY the closure 42 as indi
cated by the arrow c. The eiîect i'sv to force the
65 constriction 4I tothe left. VBut because of the
740i
guides, a hollow shaft. revoluble in'. the bearing
blocks andhaving a partition,- a drivefvvheel car
ried‘ by the shaft, apliable conduiton the circum
ference of the drive wheel and. having its ends`
connected tothe shaft bore Vat the cppositesides»
of the partition, means by'fwhich to admit anddischarge pressure ñui'd to and from the conduit.
at the ends ofthe shaft bore, bearing slides mova- É
bly carried bythe pairs, cf standards, an 'axlev
free mounting ofthe >drive and rider-wheels 9, 33'7
journalled insaid- slides and carrying. an abutment Wheel the; rim of. which. is imposed. upon
the latter will be rotated. in the directions of the>
the crest. of the conduit,- and weight-imposing
arrowsclandn e (Fig. 3).
means tov compress the conduit to the. p‘ointfof
closure, said means including rods 'riding in the
When the bend 5I adjacent to the
I'I has passedv under the riderfwheel
sure fluid in the pliable conduit will
the, end I'I.` intotheÍ bore I2- (Fig. 2)
>
conduit-end.
33’ the pres
escape from.
as. indicated
guide holes and bearing. loosely upon theV bearing
slides.
'
.
HAROLD 'L. LYON.,
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
438 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа