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Патент USA US2135572

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Nov. s, 1938.
w B FRIED
2,135,572
BUILDING COVERING UNI T
Filed March 2, 1938
Jig- 3
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,2; zjj 2,2 48
TTORNEY.
Patented Nov. 8, 1938
2,135,512
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,135,572
-
BUILDING COVERING UNIT
William B. Fried, Pittsburgh, Pa., assignor to
Briktex Incorporated, Newark, N. J.
Application March v2, 1938, Serial No. 193,506
_
F,
5 Claims.
This invention relates to shingles for use in
covering buildings._
One object of this invention is to provide a
shingle, the face of which is formed and shaped,
to present the appearance of a portion of a brick
wall, with the bricks of normal customary sizes
and dimensions, and arranged in the usual stag
gered relation.
,
Another object of my invention is to provide
10 a shingle of the foregoing character in which
portions of the brick elements immediately ad
jacent to the end edges of a shingle shall be
shaped in such manner as to create an optical
illusion that will prevent the ready detection of
15 the meeting line between two adjoining shingles
where they are butted together.
In order to obviate some of the disadvantages
(Cl. 20-7-5)
.the shingle. Such striations at the half brick
edges break up the visual effect of a continuous
vertical mortar strip adjacent the continuous ver
tical edge of the shingle. Consequently, when two
shingles are butted together, the normal visual
effect of a continuous line of juncture is modi?ed
or destroyed by the illusion created by the group
of striations on each of the adjoining half brick
units between the spaced vertical mortar strip
sections immediately above and below the junc 2@
ture of the half brick elements.
The manner in which the shingle is formed to
create such illusion and the general construction
of the shingle in accordance with the principle
of my invention are illustrated in the accom
panying drawing, in which
W
Figure l is an elevational view of a portion of
a wall formed by a group of the shingles;
2 is an enlarged sectional view illustrat
The disadvantage that ordinarily follows from ingFigure
the manner in which two shingles are butted
such a construction, however, is that when such ’ end to end, in order to show the manner in which
rectangular shingled units are assembled in edge
the respective ends of the shingles are formed and
-edge relation on a wall to be covered, the but
shaped to camou?age the line of juncture of the
of such a cut-out shingle, it is of course prefer
able to form the shingle as a complete rectangle.
ting line of engagement between adjoining shin
25 gles is rather readily apparent to a‘ casual ob
server.
The reason for that is that in a com
plete rectangular unit made up of any length in
cluding a complete number of brick simulating
elements in one row, the immediately adjoining
30 row above or below will \have only a half brick
or part of a brick element at each end of the
shingle. Consequently, when two shingles are
butted together, the line of juncture between the
, ' half brick elements of the adjoining shingles will
'35 be obvious and readily detectible to thecasual
observer.
'
‘
‘
It is the principal object of my present in
vention to modify the appearance of a shingle
in such manner as to hide or camou?age the
40 butting line between two adjoining shingles, so
that the location of such juncture may not be
readily apparent to the glance of a casual ob
server. In order to provide such camou?aging
appearance, I arrange the vertical mortar strip
45 for the whole brick elements at one end of the
shingle. I then modify the appearance of the
half brick or part of a brick elements at that
end of the shingle with vertical striations simi
lar to those on a wire-cut brick, with the verti
50 cal striations of material relatively wide and with
the dividing lines between them relatively nar
row. I then dispose one of such relatively wide
striations of the material substantially in line
with the vertical mortar strips that are alongside
55 the end edges of the whole bricks at that end of
shingles;
Figure 3 is an enlarged elevational view show
ing faces of the shingles in Figure 2;
Figure 4 is a front elevational View, partially
2%
in perspective, of a right-hand corner shingle;
Figure 5 is a front elevational view of the short
end of the corner shingle of Figure 4;
Figure 6 is a front elevational view, partially
in perspective, of a left-hand corner shingle;
Figure 7 is an elevational view of the short end
of the corner shingle of Figure 6.
As shown in Figure 1, a brick wall is simulated 35
by covering an ordinary frame wall, for example,
with a plurality of shingles ill, which are all uni
form in appearance and structure, except for the
corner pieces Ii and i 2, which are made to em
body a relatively large front body portion Mand ah
a short side portion l5. Each main wall shingle
Ill consists-of a relatively rectangular body of
treated material, such as pitch treated mineral
wool or equivalent ?brous stock treated with a
cementitious binder, preferably water-proofed,
weather-proofed, and fire-proofed, to constitute a
relatively strong, stiff, boardlike structure. The
front face of the shingle i0 is shaped to embody
several rows of brick-simulating portions or ele
ments 29, horizontally spaced by mortar strips 2|. 50
The brick-‘simulating portions and the mortar
strip portions are made of dimensions correspond—
ing to the dimensions of standard bricks when
laid with standard spacing. The top and side
edges of the shingle are provided with lap strips
2
2,135,572
22 and 23. The opposite edges of the shingle,
are correspondingly unndercut at places 24 and
25' to receive and ?t over the lap strips 22 and
23 of adjoining shingles. One shingle as a unit
is made up; for example, with ?ve horizontal
rows, with the brick simulating elements of the
adjoining rows staggered relative to each other. '
The top row of brick elements consists of ?ve
entire brick simulating elements.‘ Of course, it
10 is understood that any number may be employed
according to the size of the shingle that is to be
made. The second row is provided with four
whole brick elements and two half brick elements,
one half brick element being disposed at each
15 end of the shingle. The third row and the ?fth
row are of course the same as the ?rst row, and
the fourth row is the same as the second row.
At the right-hand end of the shingle, the end
edges of the whole brick elements terminate at
20 the end plane of the shingle body where it rises
from the lap strip 23. At the left end of the
shingle the mortar strip material 2| is disposed
along the end edge of the whole brick portion 20.
The outer edge 25 of the mortar strip 2| coin
25 cides with the outer end plane of the shingle body
and represents the extreme outer edge of the‘
shingle. As shown in Figure 3, this edge 25, which
is the outer edge of the mortar strip 2|, engages
the edge of the extreme brick 26 in the adjoining
30 shingle.
In the row directly beneath the whole bricks
20 and 26 in the two adjoining shingles, the two
half bricks 21 and 28 are engaged in butting re
lation. The edge line 25, representing the ex
treme left hand edge of the right-hand, shingle,
would ordinarily be apparent and obvious to a
casual observer and would show as a de?nite
tion 30 directly in line with the two vertical
mortar strips 2| spaced above and below the
bar portion 30 will create the optical illusion
that the vertical mortar strips 2| terminate at
the horizontal top and bottom edges of the ap
. parent single brick made up of the two halves 21
and 28. When the shingles are made in such
manner and then mounted on the wall, the junc
ture lines between adjoining shingles are not
readily apparent to the casual observer and the 10
simulated effect of a. brick wall structure is greatly
enhanced, thereby contributing to the better ap
pearance of the wall.
In Figures 4 and 6 I have illustrated two corner
pieces that are to be made up according to the 15
principle of my invention, in order that the
shingles may be properly mounted to present the
appearance of actual bricks at the corners of the
building or structure upon which the shingles
are mounted.
-
20
I claim as follows:
1. A shingle of the character described, con
sisting of a rectangular body with one surface
shaped to simulate several horizontal rows of
brick elements in staggered relation, one end edge 25
of the shingle co-inciding with the end plane of
the ends of whole bricks, the other end edge of
the shingle being provided with a mortar strip at
the ends ‘of whole bricks to be butted against the
ends of whole bricks of an adjoining shingle when 30
placed in position, the intermediate half-bricks
between the whole bricks at the mortar end of the
shingle being formed to embody a vertical bar in
line with the mortar strip to create an optical
illusion of a break in the vertical mortar strip, 35
thereby to camou?age the meeting line between
two adjoining shingles.
2. A shingle consisting of a rectangular body
having at least two vertically spaced horizontal
break between the two half bricks 21 and 28.
The obvious appearance of the line 25 ‘between rows of whole-brick-simulating elements, and an
the two half bricks 21 and 28 would spoil the intermediate row of brick elements with the row 40
appearance that the shingles would otherwise ' terminating in a half-brick element at each end
make as a brick wall, since the juncture lines of of the row at each end of the shingle, a mortar
all of the shingles would be too obvious.
strip at the end of each whole brick in each row
In order to prevent such juncture line between at one end of the shingle, and a group of parallel
45 the adjoining half bricks of adjoining shingles vertical bars in the face of each half-brick at each
from being apparent, and thus spoiling the ap
end of the shingle, one of the bars being in line
pearance of the simulated brick wall, I treat the with the mortar strip at the end of a whole brick.
surfaces of the half bricks at the respective ends
3. A shingle as in claim 2, in which the bars in
of the shingles by forming several parallel verti
cal bars or striations 29 formed by parallel lines
50 and are adjacent the butting edges of the half
bricks. The bars or striations 29 are formed to
present the appearance that is found in ordinary
wire-cut bricks in which the bar or brick portion
29 is relatively wide compared to the wire-cut
55
line 3| between such bars or brick portions. In
the half brick portion 21, a vertical bar 30 is lo
cated to be substantially in line with the vertical
mortar strip 2| directly above it, and a similar
mortar strip directly below it.
Additional bars
29 are formed on the right-hand side of the cen
tral bar 3|] in such numbers as may be desired in
the half brick 21. The half brick 28 is similarly
provided with the bars 29 adjacent its edge, of
65 such number and quantity so that there will be
an equivalent number of bars on each side of the
central bar 30 which is substantially in line with
the vertical mortar strip portions 2|.
When the shingles are mounted, the two half
brick
portions 21 and 28 will have the appearance
70
of a wire-cut brick and the wire-cut lines 3| will
have such effect, because of their number, as to
create the illusion that the two half bricks 21
and 28 are actually a single complete brick.
ll Moreover, the disposition of the central bar por
the half-bricks between the mortar strips, are so
arranged that one bar‘is directly in line with the
mortar strips above and below each half-brick.
4. A shingle for wall covering to simmulate a
brick wall, and consisting of a plurality of super
posed rows of brick-simulating elements separated
by mortar strips, with certain end elements of the
size and shape of part-brick to butt against part
bricks on an adjacent shingle, the face portion of
the part-bricks shaped by bars and indentations
parallel to the edge of the shingle to simulate
wire-cut brick, one bar on the face of the part
bricks being in line with mortar strips at the end
of a whole brick.
5. A shingle consisting of a rectangular body,
with a face to present the appearance of several
rows of bricks in staggered relation, the brick be
ing separated by mortar strips, a half-brick at the
ends of one or more rows, at least a portion of
the face surface of such half-bricks being shaped
by bars and. lines to appear wire-cut, and a bar
on the half-bricks adjacent one edge of the
shingle in line with mortar stripsat the end of a
whole brick, thereby to camou?age the meeting
lines between two adjoining shingles.
WILLIAM B. FRIED.
75
DISCLAIMER
2,l35,57.2.—W'illiam B. Fried, Pittsburgh, Pa. BUILDING COVERING UNIT. Patent
dated November 8, 1938. Disclaimer ?led March 23, 1940, by the assignee,
Briktex, Incorporated.
I
Hereby enters this disclaimer to that part of the claims in said speci?cation
covering a construction in which a bar on a‘ half or part brick is not of substantially
the widthof the mortar joint and the bar is not substantially in geometrical align
ment with‘the mortar joints.
[O?imbl Gazette April 16, 1940.]
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