Патент USA US2135821код для вставки
Nov. 8, 1938. - s.‘ D. LEVINGS -_ BEVERAGE DiSPENSING BAR Filed oct. 15, 1954' 2,135,821 ' ZSheets-Sheet 1 in" .' ?erévwa J Nov. 8, 1938. s. D. LEVINGS , ’ 2,135,821 BEVERAGE DISPENSING BAR Filed Oct. 15, 1934 2 Sheets-fSheet 2' ' 2,135,821 Patented Nov. 8, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,135,821 _ BEVERAGE DISPENSING BAR Sherburne D. Levings, Winnetka, Ill., assignor to The Bastian-Blessing Company, Chicago, 111., a corporation of Illinois Application October 15, 1934, Serial No. 748,297 2 Claims. (Cl. 225-28) The invention relates in general to beverage modi?cations and alternative constructions, a dispensing equipment and more particularly to preferred arrangement and construction, result a combined water carbonating and beverage ing in a bar of the character described which is dispensing bar. su?iciently small to be employed in cafes, hotels, _ In cafes, clubs, hotels and the like there is a large demand for plain carbonated water in ordi nary beverage bottles and in siphon bottles. Nor mally the carbonated Water in the beverage bot tles is purchased by the case, and the freight 10 and handling charges, which constitute a large and the like, is shown in the drawings and will be described in detail hereinafter. Herein the bar is comprised in large part of a cabinet or casing l0 substantially rectangular in cross section and preferably constructed of‘ wood sheathed in stainless steel (not shown) to give it an attractive appearance, to facilitate 16 part of the cost of the carbonated water, render the same expensive. The siphon bottles, which cleaning and to withstand without practical de contain the carbonated water under pressure, terioration the action of the gas in carbonated must be sent out to be re?lled and this also ma-_ water which may spill upon it. It is supported on r‘ terially increases the cost far beyond the cost of adjustable feet I I to raise the bar off of the ?oor the carbonated water itself. There is also a large and to permit leveling thereof, and the top H!’ of demand, in places of the character described, for the casing is of a height to provide a convenient beverages made in large part of carbonated working surface for the attendant of the bar. Extending upwardly and in line with the front of 'water. the cabinet is a stainless steel covered wall sup 20 It is the primary object of the invention there 20 fore to reduce the cost of bottled carbonated porting at its top a shelf H! which provides a water, and to enable a fresher, more sparkling service counter for patrons of the bar, or waiters, and also serves in part to conceal the top or beverage to be supplied by providing a carbonat ' ing and dispensing bar, for manufacturing and working surface of the casing. In the lower right-hand corner of the casing, 25 25 ‘ dispensing carbonated Water and carbonated (see Fig. 3) is a compartment l3 closed by a re water beverages, designed and constructed to in clude all the necessary parts in a bar suf?ciently small and compact to enable it to be installed in cafes, clubes, hotels and the like. A further object of the invention is to produce 30 carbonated water having a higher original gas content and a higher gas retentivity than present day carbonated Water by providing a combined manufacturing and dispensing bar having novel ’ manufacturing means more effectively binding the gas and novel dispensing means discharging the carbonated water with a minimum of agita: tion and thus a minimum loss of gas. Other objects and advantages will become ap parent from the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which: Fig. 1 is a rear elevational view of a bottling bar embodying the features of the invention. Fig. 2 is a plan View of the bar shown in Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a vertical longitudinal section of the bar in Fig. 1, some parts of the apparatus con tained within the bar being shown in elevation. Fig. 4 is a View looking from the left in Fig. l . with the bar partially broken away better to show the water supply and drain connections. Fig. 5 is an enlarged, fragmentary view of the siphon ?ller with a siphon bottle in position to be?lled. ' ' While the invention is susceptible of various movable louver panel “ and housing a carbonat-v ing machine or unit, generally designated l5. Generally the carbonating unit comprises a motor-driven pump 16 operating to produce car 30 bonated water by combining by pressure measured amounts of water and carbon dioxide and dis charging the same into a pipe I‘! leading to a cooler generally designated I8. Pipes I6’ and i6" extend outwardly of the casing for con 35 venient connection to a carbon dioxide and water supply. The compartment I3 is preferably lined with a sound absorbing material [9 to deaden the noise of the carbonating unit. A convenient electrical connection for the unit I5 is provided at l5’ and an automatic pressure control l5" re sponsive to the pressure in the cooler governs the operation of the carbonator unit. The speci?c construction of the control l5" forms no part of this invention and any well known construction 45 may be employed. At the left end- of the casing is an icing com partment 20 extending the full height of the cas ing, and housing the cooler l8. To provide a reserve supply of carbonated water under heavy 50' demand and to obtain a more effective binding of the gas the cooler preferably comprises a plu rality of cylinders l8’ and coils 18" extending around the compartment and connected between the carbonator and the cylinders 18'. In this 2M 2,135,821 manner the water is thoroughly cooled after the nected to a common drain pipe 4|. oughly binding the gas and also permitting the compartment is equipped with an over?ow pipe The icing cooled water to absorb additional gas from the 42 and a bee-hive drain 43 also discharging to excess collected in the tops of the cylinders. The the pipe 4|. A bottle capper 44 is mounted on the top of the casing at the extreme right, and has a ver tically movable capping head 44’ operable by a handle 44" for convenient operation by the right hand of the attendant of the bar. Caps for these 10 compartment 20 is suitably lined and insulated and the top thereof is closed in part by an in sulated cover 2|, removable for icing purposes. The bar is equipped to dispense carbonated 10 water in ordinary beverage bottles or in siphon bottles, and to dispense mixed carbonated water beverages by the glass or the bottle. To that end the cooler I8 is connected by a pipe 23, which extends through the top of the last cylinder (see Fig. 2) to a point near the bottom thereof, to branch lines 24 and 25, one of which leads to a siphon bottle ?ller 26 of well known construc tion. The other branch leads to a soda head 21, of the type disclosed and claimed in a copend 20 ing application of William C. Buttner and Sher burne D. Levings, Serial No. 731,943, ?led June 22, 1934, since issued as Patent No. 2,055,923, bearing date of September 29, 1936, which is designed to discharge carbonated water under a wall and a stopper drain 40 in the bottom con carbon dioxide has been added thereby thor atmospheric pressure into a glass or a bottle with a minimum loss of carbon dioxide. The siphon ?ller is equipped with a pivotally mounted operating handle 26’ and the soda head 21 has an operating handle 27’ and a shifting tube 2'!" ., fully described in the above mentioned applica ' tion. The siphon bottle ?ller and the soda head are mounted on the counter |2 substantially cen trally thereof for convenient use by the attend ant of the bar. A valve 28 may be connected in e‘. the line 23 at a point within the icing compart ment where it is readily accessible to cut oif the supply to the siphon and soda heads. Syrup jars 29 provided with the usual pumps 3|] and containing syrup forming the base of car - bonated Water beverages are conveniently located at the left end of the bar. Herein they are posi tioned over and extend downwardly into the icing compartment 20 so as to require no addi tional space, and in addition the syrup is kept at r a low temperature to prevent spoiling. Positioned above the carbonating unit com partment I3 is the means for cleansing the bottles to be ?lled with carbonated water or a carbon ated water beverage. This means includes a - washing or rinsing sink 3| and a sterilizing sink bottles may be contained in a box 45 under the counter I2. To install this novel bar it is merely necessary to provide (1) an electric current supply, (2) hot and cold water supplies, (3) a carbon dioxide 15 supply and (4) a drain connection. These are more or less standard adjuncts of any bar or soda fountain room, so that installation is relatively simple and permits the location of the bar at the most advantageous position. 20 After installation and connection, and .upon ?lling the cooler with ice, the bar is ready for operation. The CO2 gas is then turned on and run through the machine l5 and cooler |8,.the soda head 21 being preferably opened for a time 25 so as to permit the gas to drive out any air. The water‘ supply is then turned on and thereafter the switch to the carbonator motor is closed. The carbonator is preferably provided with an automatic pressure control so that when the 30 pressure in the cooler builds up to a predeter mined point, generally about 120 pounds per square inch, the carbonator motor will stop and will not be started again until the pressure drops 35 to approximately 100 pounds per square inch. In order to re?ll siphon bottles, it is merely necessary for the attendant to insert the dis charge pipe of a siphon bottle into the siphon bottle ?ller 26, placing the handle on the siphon bottle under the handle .26’ on the siphon bottle 40 ?ller as shown in Fig. 5. Then by pressing down on the handle 26’ of the ?ller the attendant simultaneously opens the siphon bottle valve and opens the spring closed valve in the siphon bottle ?ller so that the carbonated water passesinto 46 the bottle under full pressure. When the bottle is suitably ?lled, it is merely necessary to relieve the pressure on the handle 26’ of the siphon bottle ?ller, whereuponthe spring pressed valve of the siphon ?ller closes and simultaneously the 50 valve in the bottle closes leaving the bottle free 32, each supplied with hot or cold water from a swivel faucet 33 mounted between the sinks and to be withdrawn. connected .by suitable piping 34 and 35, best tremely simple operation the siphon bottle is shown in Figs. 3 and 4, with a hot and a cold ?lled. water source respectively. Extending upwardly from the bottom of the washing sink 3| and rising a substantial distance above the level of the water therein, are two automatic internal bottle rinsers 36. These rinsers are connected to the cold water supply, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4, and are operable to rinse bottles internally when they are placed thereon upside down and pressed down against valve actuating devices 36'. The washing sink 3| is also equipped with a con 65 tinuous, running-water ?ushing spout 31 con nected to the cold water supply and controlled by a valve 38. The spout discharges into the sink above the level of water therein to comply with health regulations. A bottle rack 50 is provided 70 for supporting the bottles in draining position over the sterilizing sink. ' The sinks 3| and 32 as well as the icing com partment 20 are equipped with suitable means for disposing of excess Water. Each of the wells 751 is'provided' with an overflow outlet 39 in the rear Thus with a single and ex - In ?lling ordinary bottles of carbonated water, it is necessary ?rst to sterilize the bottles and then cool and rinse them. Although in ?lling such bottles with carbonated water it is neces sary to perform a number of operations, in the form of the invention illustrated herein these 60 operations may be accomplished by an attendant practically without moving from a ?xed position in back of the bar. Thus the bottles are ?rst sterilized in the sink 32, after which they are turned upside down in the drain rack and per 65 mitted to drain and cool. When drained and partially cooled, they may be ,placedin the rins ing sink where the ?nal cooling takes place. Prior to the ?lling operation, the bottles are removed from the rinsing sink and placed up side down over the interior rinsers 36 which are operated merely by pressing downwardly on the bottle. These thoroughly flush the inside of the bottles and prepare them for the ?lling/opera tion. 75, 2,135,821 3 10 the carbonated water automatically flows from greater the volume of gas which will be absorbed. The invention lends itself to incorporation in a unit of relatively small size such as may be conveniently installed in cafes, hotels, etc. A bar having a production capacity of between 10 and 15 gallons of carbonated water per hour, properly cooled, has been successfully constructed in accordance with the disclosure herein, in a unit approximately four feet long so that an attendant, operating the bar, can readily reach the container into the bottle at atmospheric the various portions thereof with little or no pressure. movement from side to side. The soda head 2‘! is of such a character that when the handle 21’ is pulled down as far as it will go, carbonated water under high pressure ?lls the container of the head with a quantity of water su?icient to ?ll the size of bottle in use. The neck of the bottle to be ?lled is then placed over the discharge tube at the bottom of the container, whereupon by pushing the handle 2'!’ up the pressure in the container is relieved and As soon as the bottle is ?lled the flow of carbonated water may be stopped by pulling the handle 21' downwardly again, thereby 15' re?lling the container for the next bottle ?lling operation. If the bottle is to be ?lled with plain carbonated water, it is now merely necessary to set the bottle on the capper stand and cap the bottle immediately. If the bottle is to be ?lled 20 with a beverage other than plain carbonated water, the bottle should be ?lled so as to allow room for the syrup so that when the syrup is added the bottle will be ?lled. In this case the neck of the bottle is placed under the proper 25 syrup spout and the syrup plunger given a com plete downward stroke. By adding the syrup to the carbonated water (as distinguished from placing the syrup in the bottle ?rst), excessive foaming is effectively prevented. Upon placing 30 the syrup in the bottle the bottle may be im mediately capped and then shaken to mix the syrup with the water. The invention, in the form illustrated, not only provides a self contained bar of relatively small 35 size which is capable of manufacturing and dis pensing carbonated water, but also provides such a device furnishing a fresher and more sparkling water. The reason for this is believed readily apparent to those skilled in the art. The car 40 bonated water, upon leaving the carbonating machine wherein the gas is combined with the water at approximately room temperature and at machine pressure, passes through the cooler where it is cooled to a temperature suitable for 45 dispensing purposes when intended for immedi ate consumption. The cooler is preferably de— signed so that when properly ?lled the production capacity of the bar can be maintained with a de sirable temperature for the carbonated water not I claim as my invention: 1. A compact carbonated water manufacturing and dispensing bar for use in cafes, hotels and the like comprising, in combination, a cabinet, a carbonating machine positioned in the lower por tion of said cabinet and operable to combine measured quantities of gas and water, a cooler in said cabinet for reducing the temperature of the carbonated water and for providing a re serve supply, said cooler having a conduit con nected to said machine so that the carbonated water therefrom passes directly into the cooler, means responsive to pressure in said cooler con trolling the carbonating machine to maintain a predetermined pressure, a carbonated water dis charging means mounted on the upper portion of the cabinet, and a conduit connecting said discharging means with said cooler at a point 15 20 25 30 below the top thereof. 2. A compact, self-contained, carbonated bev erage manufacturing and dispensing bar com prising a cabinet, a carbonating machine housed in said cabinet operating to combine carbon 36 dioxide gas and water, a cooling compartment in the cabinet, a carbonated water storing and cool ing means housed in said compartment and con nected to said carbonating machine to receive the discharge therefrom, containers for beverage 40 syrup, pumps for the containers manually oper able to inject beverage syrup into a beverage vessel directly and in the quantity desired, said containers extending into the cooling compart ment to be maintained at the same temperature 45 as the carbonated water, and a carbonated water dispensing head- mounted on the cabinet and connected to said storing and cooling means, said dispensing head being operable to reduce the pres By storing the carbonated water in the cooler preparatory to sure of the carbonated water to atmospheric pres 50 sure prior to discharge of the carbonated water from the head into a vessel to avoid excessive its discharge into bottles, the maximum gas satu ration is obtained since the colder the water the effervescence in the ?lling of the vessel. SHERBURNE D. LEVINGS. exceeding 40° F., assuming that the incoming 50 water temperature is 70° or less.