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Nov. 8, 1938. H. c. RALs'roNv ET- AL REELING DEŸIGE Filed Dec. 7, 1936 2385,813 I Patentecl Nov. 8, 1938' 2,135,913 UNITED sTA'rEs PAT?NT oFFlca aisasis nEaLmG nEvlcE Harley O. Ralston, Cleveland, Thomas D. wii liams, Gar?eld Heights, and Frank Mako, Cleveland, Ohio, assignors to The American 1 Steel and Wire Company of New Jersey, a cor poration of New Jersey Application December 7, (71936, Serial No. 114,680 3 Claims. v (Cl. 242-78) ` This invention relates to reeling devices, and, more particularly, to reeling devices adapted for association with hot rod mills and the like. In the metallurgical industry, in the manu 5 facture of attenuated metal stock, and, especially, rods and other elongated cylindricalobjects, it is'customary to introduce billets of metal, which have been heated to the proper temperature, to rollin-g mills for the purpose of elongating them 10 and reducing the diameters thereof. In the case ‹ of rod mills, when a billet is reduced through a series of stands of rolls, the rod, as it emerges from the last pair of rollsI 'is of considerable length and travels at conslderable speed, x-and it 15 is necessary to provide some reelingëmean's to coli the same. To this end, driven reels are positioned some distance from the last pair of rolls in the roll train invline with the axis of the passes thereof 20 to which the biliet is introduced. Such reels are . 'customarily synchronized in speed with the last pair of rolls so as to exert upon the hot _stock no pulling tension, except as is hereinafter more, are caused by the pull of the reel to_be come tightly' wound about the upper extremities . of the inner circle of pins thereof. Since the circle defined by the upper limits of the pins is usually of less dlameter than that defined by their base portions to facilitate strippingthe coil, the rod that is .wound about the top Åportions thereof is coiled to a dlameter smaller than the convolutions comprising the main body of the coil. When such a coil is stripped, these termi nal portions of the rod, coiled to a smaller di ameter, fall to the inside of the coil. and become tangled with the other convolutions thereof, which necessitates that they be removed as scrap.A It has also been proposed to make a reel on the revoluble base of which coil-forming pins are ?xedly mounted to lean out'wardly, so that any wire coiled about the upper extremities of' such pins will form convolutions having a dlameter equal to, or greater than. the mean dlameter of the coil of which it is a part. The extremities 10' of the fixed coil-forming pins, however they may be disposed to form uniform convolutions of wire, collectively occupy an area commensurate with stated. Such reels usually_`comprise a revoluble ~'in fact, greater than-that of such convolutions, and tendtto -bind the latter to the disarrangement forming members, are positioned in circular for and entanglement of the coil. It will be appre mations concentrically about the axis of rotation ciated that the incoming rod cannot be controlled of such base member. A platform is provided on 25 Abase member upon which two sets of pins, or coii top of the base member through which the con 30 centric sets of pins project. The incoming rod is laid between the two sets of pins and rests in coil formation upon the platform. The base member is rotated through la hollow shaft, and so as to engage the very extremities of the canted pins, and. hence, must first ~encounter thema suitable dlstance below such extremities. At this point, the pins coliectively deflne a smaller area than that defined by'their extremities. The coil carried with it the pins, which, in turn, rotate ,is thus wound to a lesser dlameter than that of by the pins' extremities collec the platform. After a coil has been wound, prom Y"the areaItldefined 35 . is obvious that, since the larger must vision is made for dlscharging it from the reel. tively. To this' end, the platform is connected to a shaft, pass through the smaller in discharging a bundle, of the coil will result. which projects through the hollow shaft by which disruption i The reel of the present invention has been de the base member is rotated. This inner shaft 40 is connected to any suitable actuâting means `signed to overcome the obiectionable features > whereby the. platform may be moved upwardly set forth above, and has for its primary object, away from the base member after the reeling the provision of a reel'whereon perfectly uniform operation is completed and the reel is at rest. ooils of rod may be formed, and wherein the ter minal convolutions of said rod are constrained The movement of the platform is such as to bod to conform in size and shape to the convolutions 46 ily lift the coil of rod tola plane substantially 45 comprising the body of the coil. , above the uppermost extremitiesv of the coil It is another object hereof to provide a reel forming pins, whereby it may be transferred to any suitable conveyor mechanism. ` which will form uniform coils of rod through In operation, these conventional types of reels out, and which will permit of readily discharging . to the coil without sacrificing any portions of the 50 present certain objectionable features, which re sult in a considerable loss in material, time, and latter, and without' dis?guring any portions labor. The principal of these objections lie's in the fact that after the end of the rod leaves the Other objects and advantages will be apparent last pair of rolls in the vrolling-train, the stock ` from the following description, with reference to 55 Å . 55 remalning between the reel and the last pair of the accompanying drawing in which: rolls must be wound by the rotation of the reel, _Figure 1 is a partial p an and partial plan which tends to exert a pulling tension thereupon sectional view of a reel ma i in accordance with ` in the absence of the forwarding assistance fur the present invention; the section having been nished by the rolling mili. These free ends of taken along line I-I in Flgure 2. , 60 the hot rods, usually amounting to '15 feet or thereof. L - I 2 Figure 2 is a mid-sectional elevational view of the- device illustrated'in Figure 1; Referring more speci?cally to' the drawing in which like reference characters refer to like parts ,. throughout, the numeral | designates a revoluble base member, which is secured upon a hollow shaft 2, for rotation thereby. Carried in suitable apertures adjacent the periphery of the base member | is a plurality of pins 3, mounted equi 10 distantly in circular formation concentrically about the axis of rotation thereof. Disposed in wardly of this circle of pins, also' in circular for mation about the axis of rotation, is disposed a plurality of apertures 4 extending through the base member, and adjacent which are positioned pivot-bearings 5 integral with the latter. A plurality of arms _6 are positioned within the apertures 4 between the pivot-bearings 5, and are secured for oscillation therein about hinge-pins 1. The portions 8 of the arms 6 falling within the apertures 4 are provided with oblique bear stock, therefore, that has hitherto been rendered unusable, is preserved and handled so as to re q'uire that none of it be scrapped. Furthœmore, the inward recession of the arms 6, during the discharging operation, provides that the coil be cleanly released, precluding disfigurement of the stock, and insuring against binding, tangling, and other complications, in stripping. The apertures l in the base member I, within which the arms 6 are adapted to oscillate, are 10 intentionally made of considerable size so that any dirt or other foreign matter, which may collect upon the base member I during the operation of the reel, can be cleaned-out to insure free move ment of the arms 6 at all times. The bearing 15 plates ll in the platform apertures |2 are made replaceable, wher'eby the proper positioning and supporting of the arms 6 may at all times be main tained, and wear compensated for. It is also de sirable that the hinge-pins 1, and their bearingls 20 in the members 5 and-arms 6, be made of wear ing faces 9, which engage complementary faces ~ resistant material; such as, of bronze bushing ma upon the innermost walls of the apertures in terial. The latter also avoids any possible cor the base member I, so as to cant the outer ex rosive-action setting in after the reel is ?ushed 25 tremities of the arms outwardly toward the with water. In this manner, a free pivotal actionl 25 pins 3. _ is'assured at all times, and lost-motion is ob Disposed on top of the base member 3 is a plat viated. form IO in which are provided v_aperturesll and It is apparent that many changes may be made |2'for the accommodation of the pins 3 and the in the foregoing embodiment of the invention arms 6, respectively. Disposed co-axially within without departing from the true spirit thereof. 30 the' hollow shaft 2, and extending through the Therefore, itv should be borne in mind that this base member I, is a secondshaft |3, which is se description is merely illustrative in nature, and cured to the platform III so as to raise the same that the invention hereof is not to be limited ex for purposes to be described herei'nafter. The vcept insofar as is necessitated by the prior art, ' in'nermost portions of 'the apertures |2 within the and by the recitation of the following claims 35 platform are sloped to conform to the canted~ when interpreted in view thereof. disposition of the arms 6, and are provided'with We claim as our invention: inserts Il of bearing metal, which are normally ' 1. A coiling device comprising a revoluble base adapted to engage the latter. , In operation, the lead end of a rod is intro duced to the reel, which is then driven through member, a platform positioned adjacent said base member, a plurality of arms pivotally secured to said base member and extending through said . the hollow drive shaft 2 at a high speed rate, platform, means to move said platform toward corresponding to that at which the rod is being' and away from said base member, and means ren delivered by the last pair of rolls. The rod is di rected to the rotating reel through a usual guide IG, which is disposed to "pour" the incoming rod dered effective by said movement for oscillating said arms toward and away from each other. ` 2.' A reeling device comprising a revoluble base 48 within the annular space between the pins 3 and members, a platform disposed above said base the arms 6, so as to form a coil IS upon' the plat _ member, a plurality of pins rigidly a?ixed to one form IO. At the conclusion of thecoiling opera tion, the rotation of the reel is stopped, and the side _of said base member and extending substan tially perpendicular thereto and, through said shaft |3 is actuated through 'any suitable mech ` platform, a plurality of arms pivotally secured anism (not shown) to-raise the platform sup porting the coil IG to a position, such as is shown in dotted lines, Figure 2. ' As the platform is lifted _ upwardly, the apertures |2 cause the arms 6 to re to said base member and extending through said platform, means for moving said platform toward and away from said base member, and means rendered effective by'said movement to oscillate 55 tract inwardly away from their normal canted position, toward each other. 'The coil is freed as said arms toward and away from each other. 3. A reeling device comprising a revoluble base the arms are caused to assume a position also _ member, a plurality of pins extending perpendic shown in dotted lines, Figure 2. The. coil may then be removed from the elevated platform, which thereafter may again be lowered, and the operation repeated. ularly from one vside of said base member in spaced relation around the axis of rotation there 60 of, a plurality of arms pivotally carried uponv the same side of said base member within the en It will be seen from the above that the normal ' closure of pins ,"in concentric spaced Zrelation disposition of the arms 6, when the platform Ill is in lowered position adjacent the base mem ber I, is such as to coil the rods uniformly throughout their length, including the terminal portionsthereof last to emerge from the rolling mill. By the outwardly-canted disposition of the 70 arms 6, the terminal portions of the rod are wound in convolutions having a diameter substantially equal to the mean diameter of. the coil, and by their own weight are caused to drop down into a satisfactory position upon the _latter, All ofthe _therewith, unitary material-receiving means po sitioned above said base member about said pins 65 and arms, maans for moving said material-re ceiving away »from said base member 'substan tially in an axial direction along said pins, and means associated with said last-named means rendered effective by the movement of the lat ter to move said arms toward each other. THOMAS D. WILLIAMS. HARLEY C. RALSTON. FRANK MAKO. '