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Патент USA US2135913

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Nov. 8, 1938.
H. c. RALs'roNv ET- AL
REELING DEŸIGE
Filed Dec. 7, 1936
2385,813
I
Patentecl Nov. 8, 1938'
2,135,913
UNITED sTA'rEs PAT?NT oFFlca
aisasis
nEaLmG nEvlcE
Harley O. Ralston, Cleveland, Thomas D. wii
liams, Gar?eld Heights, and Frank Mako,
Cleveland, Ohio, assignors to The American 1
Steel and Wire Company of New Jersey, a cor
poration of New Jersey
Application December 7, (71936, Serial No. 114,680
3 Claims. v (Cl. 242-78)
`
This invention relates to reeling devices, and,
more particularly, to reeling devices adapted for
association with hot rod mills and the like.
In the metallurgical industry, in the manu
5 facture of attenuated metal stock, and, especially,
rods and other elongated cylindricalobjects, it
is'customary to introduce billets of metal, which
have been heated to the proper temperature, to
rollin-g mills for the purpose of elongating them
10 and reducing the diameters thereof. In the case
‹ of rod mills, when a billet is reduced through a
series of stands of rolls, the rod, as it emerges
from the last pair of rollsI 'is of considerable
length and travels at conslderable speed, x-and it
15 is necessary to provide some reelingëmean's to
coli the same.
To this end, driven reels are positioned some
distance from the last pair of rolls in the roll
train invline with the axis of the passes thereof
20 to which the biliet is introduced. Such reels are
. 'customarily synchronized in speed with the last
pair of rolls so as to exert upon the hot _stock
no pulling tension, except as is hereinafter
more, are caused by the pull of the reel to_be
come tightly' wound about the upper extremities .
of the inner circle of pins thereof. Since the
circle defined by the upper limits of the pins is
usually of less dlameter than that defined by
their base portions to facilitate strippingthe coil,
the rod that is .wound about the top Åportions
thereof is coiled to a dlameter smaller than the
convolutions comprising the main body of the
coil. When such a coil is stripped, these termi
nal portions of the rod, coiled to a smaller di
ameter, fall to the inside of the coil. and become
tangled with the other convolutions thereof,
which necessitates that they be removed as scrap.A
It has also been proposed to make a reel on
the revoluble base of which coil-forming pins are
?xedly mounted to lean out'wardly, so that any
wire coiled about the upper extremities of' such
pins will form convolutions having a dlameter
equal to, or greater than. the mean dlameter of
the coil of which it is a part. The extremities
10'
of the fixed coil-forming pins, however they may
be disposed to form uniform convolutions of wire,
collectively occupy an area commensurate with
stated. Such reels usually_`comprise a revoluble ~'in fact, greater than-that of such convolutions,
and tendtto -bind the latter to the disarrangement
forming members, are positioned in circular for
and entanglement of the coil. It will be appre
mations concentrically about the axis of rotation ciated
that the incoming rod cannot be controlled
of such base member. A platform is provided on
25 Abase member upon which two sets of pins, or coii
top of the base member through which the con
30
centric sets of pins project. The incoming rod
is laid between the two sets of pins and rests in
coil formation upon the platform. The base
member is rotated through la hollow shaft, and
so as to engage the very extremities of the canted
pins, and. hence, must first ~encounter thema
suitable dlstance below such extremities. At this
point, the pins coliectively deflne a smaller area
than that defined by'their extremities. The coil
carried with it the pins, which, in turn, rotate ,is thus wound to a lesser dlameter than that of
by the pins' extremities collec
the platform. After a coil has been wound,
prom Y"the areaItldefined
35
.
is obvious that, since the larger must
vision is made for dlscharging it from the reel. tively.
To this' end, the platform is connected to a shaft, pass through the smaller in discharging a bundle,
of the coil will result.
which projects through the hollow shaft by which disruption
i The reel of the present invention has been de
the base member is rotated. This inner shaft
40 is connected to any suitable actuâting means `signed to overcome the obiectionable features
> whereby the. platform may be moved upwardly set forth above, and has for its primary object,
away from the base member after the reeling the provision of a reel'whereon perfectly uniform
operation is completed and the reel is at rest. ooils of rod may be formed, and wherein the ter
minal convolutions of said rod are constrained
The movement of the platform is such as to bod
to conform in size and shape to the convolutions 46
ily
lift
the
coil
of
rod
tola
plane
substantially
45
comprising the body of the coil. ,
above the uppermost extremitiesv of the coil
It is another object hereof to provide a reel
forming pins, whereby it may be transferred to
any suitable conveyor mechanism.
`
which will form uniform coils of rod through
In operation, these conventional types of reels out, and which will permit of readily discharging . to
the coil without sacrificing any portions of the
50 present certain objectionable features, which re
sult in a considerable loss in material, time, and latter, and without' dis?guring any portions
labor. The principal of these objections lie's in
the fact that after the end of the rod leaves the
Other objects and advantages will be apparent
last pair of rolls in the vrolling-train, the stock ` from the following description, with reference to 55
Å
.
55 remalning between the reel and the last pair of the accompanying drawing in which:
rolls must be wound by the rotation of the reel,
_Figure 1 is a partial p an and partial plan
which tends to exert a pulling tension thereupon sectional view of a reel ma i in accordance with `
in the absence of the forwarding assistance fur
the present invention; the section having been
nished by the rolling mili. These free ends of taken along line I-I in Flgure 2.
,
60 the hot rods, usually amounting to '15 feet or
thereof. L
-
I
2
Figure 2 is a mid-sectional elevational view of
the- device illustrated'in Figure 1;
Referring more speci?cally to' the drawing in
which like reference characters refer to like parts
,. throughout, the numeral | designates a revoluble
base member, which is secured upon a hollow
shaft 2, for rotation thereby. Carried in suitable
apertures adjacent the periphery of the base
member | is a plurality of pins 3, mounted equi
10 distantly in circular formation concentrically
about the axis of rotation thereof. Disposed in
wardly of this circle of pins, also' in circular for
mation about the axis of rotation, is disposed a
plurality of apertures 4 extending through the
base member, and adjacent which are positioned
pivot-bearings 5 integral with the latter.
A plurality of arms _6 are positioned within the
apertures 4 between the pivot-bearings 5, and are
secured for oscillation therein about hinge-pins
1. The portions 8 of the arms 6 falling within
the apertures 4 are provided with oblique bear
stock, therefore, that has hitherto been rendered
unusable, is preserved and handled so as to re
q'uire that none of it be scrapped. Furthœmore,
the inward recession of the arms 6, during the
discharging operation, provides that the coil be
cleanly released, precluding disfigurement of the
stock, and insuring against binding, tangling, and
other complications, in stripping.
The apertures l in the base member I, within
which the arms 6 are adapted to oscillate, are 10
intentionally made of considerable size so that any
dirt or other foreign matter, which may collect
upon the base member I during the operation of
the reel, can be cleaned-out to insure free move
ment of the arms 6 at all times. The bearing 15
plates ll in the platform apertures |2 are made
replaceable, wher'eby the proper positioning and
supporting of the arms 6 may at all times be main
tained, and wear compensated for. It is also de
sirable that the hinge-pins 1, and their bearingls 20
in the members 5 and-arms 6, be made of wear
ing faces 9, which engage complementary faces ~ resistant material; such as, of bronze bushing ma
upon the innermost walls of the apertures in terial. The latter also avoids any possible cor
the base member I, so as to cant the outer ex
rosive-action setting in after the reel is ?ushed
25 tremities of the arms outwardly toward the with water. In this manner, a free pivotal actionl
25
pins 3.
_
is'assured at all times, and lost-motion is ob
Disposed on top of the base member 3 is a plat
viated.
form IO in which are provided v_aperturesll and
It is apparent that many changes may be made
|2'for the accommodation of the pins 3 and the in the foregoing embodiment of the invention
arms 6, respectively. Disposed co-axially within without departing from the true spirit thereof. 30
the' hollow shaft 2, and extending through the Therefore, itv should be borne in mind that this
base member I, is a secondshaft |3, which is se
description is merely illustrative in nature, and
cured to the platform III so as to raise the same that the invention hereof is not to be limited ex
for purposes to be described herei'nafter. The vcept insofar as is necessitated by the prior art,
' in'nermost portions of 'the apertures |2 within the
and by the recitation of the following claims 35
platform are sloped to conform to the canted~ when interpreted in view thereof.
disposition of the arms 6, and are provided'with
We claim as our invention:
inserts Il of bearing metal, which are normally '
1. A coiling device comprising a revoluble base
adapted to engage the latter.
,
In operation, the lead end of a rod is intro
duced to the reel, which is then driven through
member, a platform positioned adjacent said base
member, a plurality of arms pivotally secured to
said base member and extending through said
. the hollow drive shaft 2 at a high speed rate, platform, means to move said platform toward
corresponding to that at which the rod is being' and away from said base member, and means ren
delivered by the last pair of rolls. The rod is di
rected to the rotating reel through a usual guide
IG, which is disposed to "pour" the incoming rod
dered effective by said movement for oscillating
said arms toward and away from each other.
` 2.' A reeling device comprising a revoluble base
48
within the annular space between the pins 3 and members, a platform disposed above said base
the arms 6, so as to form a coil IS upon' the plat _ member, a plurality of pins rigidly a?ixed to one
form IO. At the conclusion of thecoiling opera
tion, the rotation of the reel is stopped, and the
side _of said base member and extending substan
tially perpendicular thereto and, through said
shaft |3 is actuated through 'any suitable mech ` platform, a plurality of arms pivotally secured
anism (not shown) to-raise the platform sup
porting the coil IG to a position, such as is shown
in dotted lines, Figure 2. ' As the platform is lifted
_ upwardly, the apertures |2 cause the arms 6 to re
to said base member and extending through said
platform, means for moving said platform toward
and away from said base member, and means
rendered effective by'said movement to oscillate 55
tract inwardly away from their normal canted
position, toward each other. 'The coil is freed as
said arms toward and away from each other.
3. A reeling device comprising a revoluble base
the arms are caused to assume a position also _
member, a plurality of pins extending perpendic
shown in dotted lines, Figure 2. The. coil may
then be removed from the elevated platform,
which thereafter may again be lowered, and the
operation repeated.
ularly from one vside of said base member in
spaced relation around the axis of rotation there 60
of, a plurality of arms pivotally carried uponv the
same side of said base member within the en
It will be seen from the above that the normal ' closure of pins ,"in concentric spaced Zrelation
disposition of the arms 6, when the platform Ill
is in lowered position adjacent the base mem
ber I, is such as to coil the rods uniformly
throughout their length, including the terminal
portionsthereof last to emerge from the rolling
mill. By the outwardly-canted disposition of the
70 arms 6, the terminal portions of the rod are wound
in convolutions having a diameter substantially
equal to the mean diameter of. the coil, and by
their own weight are caused to drop down into a
satisfactory position upon the _latter, All ofthe
_therewith, unitary material-receiving means po
sitioned above said base member about said pins 65
and arms, maans for moving said material-re
ceiving away »from said base member 'substan
tially in an axial direction along said pins, and
means associated with said last-named means
rendered effective by the movement of the lat
ter to move said arms toward each other.
THOMAS D. WILLIAMS.
HARLEY C. RALSTON.
FRANK MAKO.
'
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