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Патент USA US2135932

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Nov. 8', 1938.
Filed July 19, 1937
: Hm...
[77w J. alt/11707? '
164mm "/ WW’,
_ Patented Nov. 8, 1938
Max J. Belmont, New York, N. Y.
Application July 19, 1937, Serial No. 154,402
5 Claims.
This invention relates to a ?uid impregnation
device and more speci?cally to a device to be
used in impregnating, with solvents, -etc., water to
be used in washing the human body or parts
5 thereof.
In generaLlit is an object of the invention to
provide a device of the character described, which
will efficiently perform the purposes for which
it is intended, which is simple and economical
10 of construction, which can be expeditiously, con
veniently and safely manipulated, and which can
be readily manufactured and assembled.
Another object of the invention is to provide
any impregnating device which conserves the im
pregnating matter; to provide such a device
wherein the impregnating material, as it dis
solves, is not in the main path of the ?uid which
is being dispensed; and to provide such a device
which may be detachably added to a shower bath.
Other objects of the invention will in part be
obvious and, will in part appear hereinafter.
The invention accordingly comprises the fea
tures of construction, combination of elements,
and arrangement of parts, which will be exem
pli?ed in the construction hereinafter set forth
and the scope of the application of which will
be indicated in the claims.
For a fuller understanding of the nature and
objects of the invention, reference should be had
the following detailed description, taken in
30 to
connection with the accompanying drawing, in
Figure 1 is a plan view of a device embodying
one ‘form of the invention;
Fig. 2 is a view in elevation, partly in section
and partly cut away, of the device shown in
Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a view of the device shown in Figs. 1
and 2 taken along the line 3—3 of Fig. 2; and
Fig. 4 is a ‘side view of a modi?cation of one
of the elements of the device.
Heretofore there have been difficulties present
in connection with apparatus which was intended
to introduce material which dissolved or mixed
‘with water to be used' in bathing. One trouble
was that more material dissolved than was neces
sary. This raised the cost of operation because
bath salts are expensive. It also required con
stant re?lling—a time-consuming nuisance. De
embodying the present invention have done
away with these and other drawbacks and have
permitted the introduction of various materials
at rates suitable for each.
In the drawing, I0 denotes a casing which may
55 be of almost any shape. It is shown as a hollow
(Cl. 299—-84)
circular cylinder providing a chamber l2 therein.
An inlet and an outlet are provided. The inlet it
may be at the upper end and may comprise a tube
positioned centrally of one end and threaded on
its inner surface.‘ The outlet it may be a tube 5
leading from the other end and positioned eccen
trically with respect to the axis of the device.
It may be threaded ,on its outer surface out
side of the device.
Means are present which provide a second 10
chamber. Thus, a hollow plug or tube 68 hav
ing threads 20 at one end is held within the
chamber l2 by those threads which are in en
gagement with threads 22 on the inside of an
opening 21% in the casing.
Opening 26% may be 15
on the same side of the device as outlet it. The
tube It is perforated with a plurality of openings
26. Means are provided for preventing passage
through the openings 26 of solid material from
the chamber 28 within the plug Hi. This may 20
take the form of a cylindrical wire mesh 30 posi
tioned on the inside of the tube It. The inner
end of the plug may have a removable cap 32
which may or may not have openings 34 there
through. There is a cap 36 attached to the plug 25
outside of casing It.
Any material which may be desired to impreg
nate the water ?owing through the device is put
into the plug It. The plug is positioned so that
the main line of ?ow between the inlet M and 30
the outlet l6 does not pass through the plug.
The size and number of the openings 2% depend
upon the amount of material which is to be added
to the Water and upon the solubility of the ma
terial if the addition thereof to the water depends
upon its solubility. If the water is not to pass
through the entire length of the plug, all of the
plug need not be within the chamber l2. Open
ings 26, however, should communicate with cham
ber l2. It is not necessary that the inlet and 40
outlet be on opposite sides of the device but this
form is convenient.
A device with the form shown may be attached
to an ordinary shower, the inlet l4 being screwed
on to the shower inlet pipe (not shown). The
shower spray head, or the conduit leading there—
to, (neither shown), may be attached to the out
let 16. The position of the parts of the shower
are usually such that inlet I 4 will be on the upper
side and outlet 16 on the lower side, although this 50
is ‘not necessary.
The openings 26 may be at
the lower end of the tube so that as the material
in the tube is used, it falls toward the openings.
In'case the parts are not positioned so as to main
tain material near the openings, or in case the 55
material is not dispensed rapidly enough, or for
any other reason, the cap 32 may have openings
34 which lead to the chamber I2 50- that water
may flow or seep through the entire length of
the plug.
The size of the openings may be controlled by
means, for example, those shown in Fig. 4. There
may be an outer sleeve 38 around at least a por
tion of the tube l8. This sleeve may have open
ings I26 therethrough which, upon the rotation
of the sleeve, register wholly or in part with open
ings 26 of the tube. The sleeve may be positioned
on the inside of the tube and may be used in.
conjunction with the screen 30 or it may have
15 a screen in or over each of the openingsv I26.
The operation of the device will be apparent
from the foregoing description. When“ it is ?rst‘
put in use, the plug !8 is removed‘by unscrewing
it and it is ?lled with any desired material. The
20 plug is then reinserted into the device and water
or other liquid is passed therethrough. The
main-‘flow of the liquid does not pass through the
materials in the plug. A certain amount of
liquid ?lters in and out of the openings 26, taking
,along a desired amount of the material. This
action may be brought about by the solution of
the material or its change into very small par
ticles. The screen 30 prevents. solid material
other than minute particles from being swept
out. After the material has been used up, the
plug may be re?lled.
Since certain changes may be made in the
above construction and different embodiments
of the invention could be made without depart
35 ing from the scope thereof, it is intended that
all matter contained in the above description or
shown in the accompanying drawing shall be
interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting
It is also to be understood that the following
claims are intended to cover all of the generic
and speci?c features of the invention herein de
scribed, and all statements of the scope of the
invention which, as a matter of language, might
_ be said to fall therebetween.
Having described my invention, what I claim
as new and useful and desire to secure by Letters
Patent is:
1. In a water-impregnating. device, the com
50 bination comprising means providing a chamber,
inlet means leading into said chamber, outlet
means leading out of said chamber, means pro—
viding a second chamber, inlet and outlet means
for said second chamber and in communication
55 with said first chamber and not in the direct line
of flow of the ?rst-mentioned chamber and
spaced from the direct line of flow betweensaid
inlet and outlet means of the ?rst-mentioned
chamber, and means adapted for preventing the
60 passage of solid material through said inlet and
outlet means of said second chamber while said
last-mentioned means are in operation, said
second chamber being at least in part positioned
within said ?rst chamber.
2. In a water-impregnating device, the com
bination comprising means providing a chamber,
inlet means leading into an upper surface of said
chamber, outlet means leading out of a lower sur
face of said chamber, a removable hollow plug
positioned in the lower surface of and extending
into said chamber, there being perforations in the
wall of said; plug leading between: said chamber 10
and the‘ interior of said" plug, screening across
said perforations, none of saidrperforations being
in the direct line of ?ow through said chamber
and none of said perforations being in the direct
line: of? flow: into. said chamber.
3. Ina water-impregnating device, the com
bination comprising means providing a chamber,
inlet means leading into an upper surface of said
chamber, outlet means leading out of a lower
surface‘of said chamber, a removable hollow plug
positioned in the lower surfac'evof and extending
into said chamber, there being perforations. in
the wall‘of said plug leading between saidlcham~
ber and, the-interior: of said plug,.none of said:
perforations being in the direct line of‘ ?ow’
throughsaid‘ chamber and none- of saidperfora
tions being in- the direct-line of, ?ow into? said
4-. In a water-impregnating device,’ the. com
bination comprising means providing. a chamber, 50
inlet means leading into an upper surfaceof- said‘
chamber, outlet means-leading out of a‘ lower
surface of said chamber; a- removable hollow plug
positioned in the lower surface of" and extending
into said» chamber, there being; perforations in’ 35
the wall of said plug leading between said cham
her and‘ the interior of’ said plug, none of said
perforations being in the. direct line‘ of flow
through said chamber and'none-of said perfora
tions‘ being in the direct. line of flow into said
chamber, the walls of said plug having a direc 40
tion which is at an angle with the horizontal
and said perforations being at the’ lower end of
said plug.
5. In a water-impregnating" device, the come’
bination‘comprising means providing a chamber,
inlet means leading into’ an- upper surface of
said’ chamber, outlet means leadingv out of a
lower surface of said chamber, a removable hol
low plug positioned in the lower‘surface. ofv and
extending, into said chamber, there’ being per 50
forations in the wall of said plug leadingv be‘
tween said chamber and theinterior of said-plug,
and positioned at one end: of‘ saidv plug,, there
being an opening intorsaidx chamber through‘ the
other end of said plug, said‘ plug being, posi- 55
tioned so that the flow between said openingqandf.
said perforations is not in the main line of flow
in said chamber andso that said’ opening is' not
in the main line of ?ow intorsaid'chamber,
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