Патент USA US2135932код для вставки
Nov. 8', 1938. . ‘ M. J. BELMONT- 2,135,932 FLUID IMPREGNATING DEVICE Filed July 19, 1937 : Hm... I . - 9 u \ INVENTOR [77w J. alt/11707? ' 164mm "/ WW’, BY I A TORNEY 2,135,932 _ Patented Nov. 8, 1938 ‘UNITED STATES PATENT OFFlCE 2,135,932 FLUID IMPREGNATING DEVICE Max J. Belmont, New York, N. Y. Application July 19, 1937, Serial No. 154,402 5 Claims. This invention relates to a ?uid impregnation device and more speci?cally to a device to be used in impregnating, with solvents, -etc., water to be used in washing the human body or parts 5 thereof. In generaLlit is an object of the invention to provide a device of the character described, which will efficiently perform the purposes for which it is intended, which is simple and economical 10 of construction, which can be expeditiously, con veniently and safely manipulated, and which can be readily manufactured and assembled. Another object of the invention is to provide any impregnating device which conserves the im pregnating matter; to provide such a device wherein the impregnating material, as it dis solves, is not in the main path of the ?uid which is being dispensed; and to provide such a device which may be detachably added to a shower bath. Other objects of the invention will in part be obvious and, will in part appear hereinafter. The invention accordingly comprises the fea tures of construction, combination of elements, and arrangement of parts, which will be exem pli?ed in the construction hereinafter set forth and the scope of the application of which will be indicated in the claims. For a fuller understanding of the nature and objects of the invention, reference should be had the following detailed description, taken in 30 to connection with the accompanying drawing, in which: ' Figure 1 is a plan view of a device embodying one ‘form of the invention; Fig. 2 is a view in elevation, partly in section and partly cut away, of the device shown in Fig. 1; _ Fig. 3 is a view of the device shown in Figs. 1 and 2 taken along the line 3—3 of Fig. 2; and Fig. 4 is a ‘side view of a modi?cation of one of the elements of the device. Heretofore there have been difficulties present in connection with apparatus which was intended to introduce material which dissolved or mixed ‘with water to be used' in bathing. One trouble was that more material dissolved than was neces sary. This raised the cost of operation because bath salts are expensive. It also required con stant re?lling—a time-consuming nuisance. De vices embodying the present invention have done 50 away with these and other drawbacks and have permitted the introduction of various materials at rates suitable for each. In the drawing, I0 denotes a casing which may 55 be of almost any shape. It is shown as a hollow (Cl. 299—-84) circular cylinder providing a chamber l2 therein. An inlet and an outlet are provided. The inlet it may be at the upper end and may comprise a tube positioned centrally of one end and threaded on its inner surface.‘ The outlet it may be a tube 5 leading from the other end and positioned eccen trically with respect to the axis of the device. It may be threaded ,on its outer surface out side of the device. Means are present which provide a second 10 chamber. Thus, a hollow plug or tube 68 hav ing threads 20 at one end is held within the chamber l2 by those threads which are in en gagement with threads 22 on the inside of an opening 21% in the casing. Opening 26% may be 15 on the same side of the device as outlet it. The tube It is perforated with a plurality of openings 26. Means are provided for preventing passage through the openings 26 of solid material from the chamber 28 within the plug Hi. This may 20 take the form of a cylindrical wire mesh 30 posi tioned on the inside of the tube It. The inner end of the plug may have a removable cap 32 which may or may not have openings 34 there through. There is a cap 36 attached to the plug 25 outside of casing It. Any material which may be desired to impreg nate the water ?owing through the device is put into the plug It. The plug is positioned so that the main line of ?ow between the inlet M and 30 the outlet l6 does not pass through the plug. The size and number of the openings 2% depend upon the amount of material which is to be added to the Water and upon the solubility of the ma terial if the addition thereof to the water depends upon its solubility. If the water is not to pass through the entire length of the plug, all of the plug need not be within the chamber l2. Open ings 26, however, should communicate with cham ber l2. It is not necessary that the inlet and 40 outlet be on opposite sides of the device but this form is convenient. A device with the form shown may be attached to an ordinary shower, the inlet l4 being screwed on to the shower inlet pipe (not shown). The shower spray head, or the conduit leading there— to, (neither shown), may be attached to the out let 16. The position of the parts of the shower are usually such that inlet I 4 will be on the upper side and outlet 16 on the lower side, although this 50 is ‘not necessary. The openings 26 may be at the lower end of the tube so that as the material in the tube is used, it falls toward the openings. In'case the parts are not positioned so as to main tain material near the openings, or in case the 55 2 2,135,932 material is not dispensed rapidly enough, or for any other reason, the cap 32 may have openings 34 which lead to the chamber I2 50- that water may flow or seep through the entire length of the plug. The size of the openings may be controlled by means, for example, those shown in Fig. 4. There may be an outer sleeve 38 around at least a por tion of the tube l8. This sleeve may have open ings I26 therethrough which, upon the rotation of the sleeve, register wholly or in part with open ings 26 of the tube. The sleeve may be positioned on the inside of the tube and may be used in. conjunction with the screen 30 or it may have 15 a screen in or over each of the openingsv I26. The operation of the device will be apparent from the foregoing description. When“ it is ?rst‘ put in use, the plug !8 is removed‘by unscrewing it and it is ?lled with any desired material. The 20 plug is then reinserted into the device and water or other liquid is passed therethrough. The main-‘flow of the liquid does not pass through the materials in the plug. A certain amount of liquid ?lters in and out of the openings 26, taking ,along a desired amount of the material. This action may be brought about by the solution of the material or its change into very small par ticles. The screen 30 prevents. solid material other than minute particles from being swept out. After the material has been used up, the plug may be re?lled. Since certain changes may be made in the above construction and different embodiments of the invention could be made without depart 35 ing from the scope thereof, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawing shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense. 40 It is also to be understood that the following claims are intended to cover all of the generic and speci?c features of the invention herein de scribed, and all statements of the scope of the invention which, as a matter of language, might _ be said to fall therebetween. Having described my invention, what I claim as new and useful and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: 1. In a water-impregnating. device, the com 50 bination comprising means providing a chamber, inlet means leading into said chamber, outlet means leading out of said chamber, means pro— viding a second chamber, inlet and outlet means for said second chamber and in communication 55 with said first chamber and not in the direct line of flow of the ?rst-mentioned chamber and spaced from the direct line of flow betweensaid inlet and outlet means of the ?rst-mentioned chamber, and means adapted for preventing the 60 passage of solid material through said inlet and outlet means of said second chamber while said last-mentioned means are in operation, said second chamber being at least in part positioned within said ?rst chamber. 2. In a water-impregnating device, the com bination comprising means providing a chamber, inlet means leading into an upper surface of said chamber, outlet means leading out of a lower sur face of said chamber, a removable hollow plug positioned in the lower surface of and extending into said chamber, there being perforations in the wall of said; plug leading between: said chamber 10 and the‘ interior of said" plug, screening across said perforations, none of saidrperforations being in the direct line of ?ow through said chamber and none of said perforations being in the direct line: of? flow: into. said chamber. 3. Ina water-impregnating device, the com bination comprising means providing a chamber, inlet means leading into an upper surface of said chamber, outlet means leading out of a lower surface‘of said chamber, a removable hollow plug positioned in the lower surfac'evof and extending into said chamber, there being perforations. in the wall‘of said plug leading between saidlcham~ ber and, the-interior: of said plug,.none of said: perforations being in the direct line of‘ ?ow’ throughsaid‘ chamber and none- of saidperfora tions being in- the direct-line of, ?ow into? said chamber. 4-. In a water-impregnating device,’ the. com bination comprising means providing. a chamber, 50 inlet means leading into an upper surfaceof- said‘ chamber, outlet means-leading out of a‘ lower surface of said chamber; a- removable hollow plug positioned in the lower surface of" and extending into said» chamber, there being; perforations in’ 35 the wall of said plug leading between said cham her and‘ the interior of’ said plug, none of said perforations being in the. direct line‘ of flow through said chamber and'none-of said perfora tions‘ being in the direct. line of flow into said chamber, the walls of said plug having a direc 40 tion which is at an angle with the horizontal and said perforations being at the’ lower end of said plug. 5. In a water-impregnating" device, the come’ bination‘comprising means providing a chamber, inlet means leading into’ an- upper surface of said’ chamber, outlet means leadingv out of a lower surface of said chamber, a removable hol low plug positioned in the lower‘surface. ofv and extending, into said chamber, there’ being per 50 forations in the wall of said plug leadingv be‘ tween said chamber and theinterior of said-plug, and positioned at one end: of‘ saidv plug,, there being an opening intorsaidx chamber through‘ the other end of said plug, said‘ plug being, posi- 55 tioned so that the flow between said openingqandf. said perforations is not in the main line of flow in said chamber andso that said’ opening is' not in the main line of ?ow intorsaid'chamber, 60 MAX‘ J. BELMONT.