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Патент USA US2135967

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Nov. 8, 1938.
E. D. DALL
2,135,967
LOCKING SYSTEM
Filed March 19, 1934
5 Sheets-Sheet l
as as 4;‘
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INVENTOR.
cf'a’xaara/ J Jaf/
BY
9416/ 9% f f‘?
ATTORNEY;
Nov. 8, 1938.
E. D. DALL
LOCKING
2,135,967
SYSTEM
>
Filed March 19, 1934
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
03
.67
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.?'y, 4
INVENTOR.
é’d'zMa/a’ £ 2677!
BY
513% 3% ¢ 949/!’
ATTORNEY‘?
Nov. 8, 1938.
E. D. DALL.
2,135,967
LOCKING SYSTEM
Filed March 19, 1934
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
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10/ ‘[gf)
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82 82' 82" \ \\
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10G
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INVENTOR.
BY
ATTORNEY‘;
NOV. 8, 1938.
E, 0, BALL
2,135,967
LOCKING SYSTEM
Filed March 19, 1934
5 Sheets-Sheet 5
INVENTOR.
ATTORNEYJ:
‘Patented Nov. 8, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
3,135,907
LOCKING SYSTEM
Edward D. Dali, Cleveland, Ohio, asslgnor to
Walter F. Wright, Cleveland, Ohio
Application March 19, 1934, Serial N0. 716,306
29 Claims. (Cl. 70-264)
This invention relates as indicated to a lock
ing system and pertains more particularly to a
system for coincidentally looking a plurality of
doors associated with enclosures such as vehicle
5 bodies and the like. While the ensuing description of my invention will refer to the application
thereof to a vehicle body having four doors arranged in pairs on opposite sides thereof, it is,
nevertheless, to be understood that the principles
10 of my invention are applicable to coincidentally
lock or otherwise secure other doors and like
openings which may occur in a vehicle body such
as doors leading to luggage compartments, etc.
More speci?cally, my invention relates to the
15 provision of a coincidental locking system for a
plurality of doors, in which the actuation of the
devices associated with the several doors accomplishes a locking or unlocking oi the same, employing a train of mechanical elements whereby
20 the coincidental looking at a plurality of stations may be accomplished mechanically irom
a single station.
More speci?cally, my invention relates to the
provision of mechanical means for the accom25 plishment or the foregoing results characterized
by simplicity of construction and consequent low
cost of manufacture.
It is the principal object of my invention to
provide a coincidental locking system of the
30 character described‘in which the locking of the
several doors is accomplished by means e?ective
to disconnect from the several bolts respectively
associated with the several doors to be locked,
the handles which are normally employed to
35 actuate such bolts in order that the doors may be
opened.
It is a further object of my invention to provide a coincidental locking system which is eifective, even though force may be applied to the
40 handles associated with the several doors when
in the locked position. The bolts on such doors
will then be retained in engagement with the
stile or jarnb adjacent the edge of the door.
It is a further object of my invention to pro45 vide a coincidental locking system which is efi’ective upon actuation to positively arrest the
latch bolts on a plurality of doors so that they
may not be opened from either side and wherein the undogging oi the latch bolts on the sev50 eral doors in order to open the same may be
accomplished only at ‘the central station from
which the same have been dogged.
Other objects oi’ my invention will appear as
the description proceeds.
55
To the accomplishment of the foregoing and
related ends, said invention, then consists of the
means hereinafter fully described and particu
larly pointed out in the claims; the annexed
drawings and the following description setting
forth in detail certain mechanism embodying ll
the invention, such disclosed means constituting,
however, but one 01' various mechanical forms in
which the principle of the invention may be used.
In said annexed drawings:
‘
Fig. 1 is a fragmentary side elevational view of I0
a portion or a vehicle body showing in diagram
ma'tic outline two adjacent doors with their as
sociated locking mechanism. one Of which may.
for convenience, be referred to as the master lock;
Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. 1 showing two oth- 15
er doors on a vehicle similar to that illustrated in
Fig. 1 but in Fig. 2 the locks associated with both
doors are adapted to be actuated by means 10
cated at a remote station such as the master
door referred to in Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a side eleva
tional view of the so-called master lock previous
ly shown in conjunction with the righthand door
oi'Fig. 1; Fig. 4 is an elevatlonal view similar to
Fig. 3 but showing the type of lock which has
previously been illustrated on the doors more
particularly shown in Fig. 2; Fig. 5 is a part sec
tional, part side elevational view of a door lock
adapted to be used in place of the master lock of
Fig. 3 in the system illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2;
Fig. 6 is a part sectional. part side elevational
view of the lock illustrated in Fig. 5 with the
parts thereof so arranged that it is in the so
called locked position; Fig. 'l is a fragmentary
perspective view of the apparatus positioned in
the stile between the two locks illustrated in Fig. 3'
1; Fig. 8 is a fragmentary perspective view oi the
apparatus located in the stile between the locks
illustrated in Fig. 2; Fig. 9 is a side elevational
view of a slightly different form or master lock
which may be substituted in place of either of 40
the locks of Figs. 3 and 5 in the system illus
trated in Figs. 1 and 2 or employed in conjunc
tion with a system having a dl?erent type of
remote lock such as is illustrated in Fig. 12; Fig.
10 is a transversesectional. view of aportion of 45
the lock illustrated in Fig. 6 taken on a plane
substantially indicated by the line lll—lil; Fig.
11 is ‘a perspective view of the dog shown in the
lower leithand corner of Fig. 6; Fig. 12 is a so
called remote lock which may be substituted in 5”
place of the remote lock 01' Fig. 4 in the system
illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2 or employed in a sim
ilar system in conjunction with a master lock
such as is illustrated in Fig. 9; Fig. 13 is an end
elevations] view of a bolt-actuating handle such ‘I
2
2,135,967
as may be employed in conjunction with the
master lock illustrated in Fig. 9; Fig. 14 is a
transverse sectional view partially in elevation
of the handle illustrated in Fig. 13 taken on a
plane substantially indicated by the line Ill-I4;
and Fig. 15 is a transverse sectional view of the
handle as illustrated in Fig. 14 taken on a plane
substantially indicated by the line |5—|5.
Referring now more speci?cally to the drawings
10 and more especially to Figs. 1 and 2, it will be
noted that the coincidental locking system here
illustrated and constructed in accordance with
the principles of my invention is shown asso
ciated with four doors l, 2, 3, and 4 which may
15 be the paired doors on opposite sides of a closed
vehicle body. As previously indicated, it is to
be understood that while the ensuing description
of my invention refers to the same as being ap
plied to the four doors of a closed vehicle body,
20 nevertheless, such system is applicable to be used
in conjunction with a vehicle body having only
two doors and may also be utilized to lock other
portions of the vehicle body 'such as the cover
for the engine compartment and the cover for a
26 luggage compartment etc.
During the course of the ensuing description
the door L which it will be assumed is the right
hand front door of the vehicle, will be referred
to, for convenience, as the master door, 1. e., the
30 door upon which occurs the station from which
the several remaining doors or closures of the
vehicle are locked.
.
Before going on to a detailed description of
the system as illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2, it is
85 believed advisable to ?rst describe the construc
tion of the locks which form the component parts
of such system.
Referring now, therefore, more particularly to
Fig. 3, it will be noted that the so-called master
look here illustrated utilizes the usual base plate
generally indicated at 5, which is provided with
the usual laterally extending ?ange 6 through
which the bolt 1 of the lock projects. ‘The ter
minal 8 of the bolt 1 is normally maintained in
45 engagement with the stile or jamb of the door
by means of a suitable spring such as 3. The
usual means will, of course, be provided for main
taining the bolt 1 in freely slidable position in
the lock, 1. e., suitable supports for the bolt will
be provided, which, however, are so well known
to those familiar with the art that for purposes
of simplicity of illustration they have not been
included in the drawings.
Extending through the plate 3 of the lock is
a handle stem shown in cross section at III, which
engagement with the roll-back II. The link II
is maintained in engagement with the roll-back
by means of the spring H which, at one end, is
secured to the arm I3 of the link I5 and at its
other end, is secured to a. pin l9.
Pivotally supported on the plate 5 by means
of the pin 20 is a lever, generally indicated at
2|, which, at its lower end, as viewed in Fig. 3.
is provided with a laterally projecting ?ange 22
adapted to engage the arm l8 of the keeper IS. 10
The pin I! to which one end of the spring I1
is secured is carried by the lever 2| and such pin
may have secured thereto one end of a spring
23 which, at its opposite end, is anchored by
means of a pin 24 on the plate 5.
slidably mounted in suitable guideways not
15
shown on the plate 5 is a pin or bar 25 which,
at its rear end 26, is provided with a lateral pro
jection directed towards the plate 5 so that the
upper end of the arm 2| lying between the pin 20
25 and the plate 5 may engage such projection
26 when the lever 2| is urged in a clockwise di
rection under the in?uence of the spring I].
Pivotally mounted on the plate 5 by means of
a pin 23 is an angle-shaped arm generally indi 25
cated at 23 and which has a depending leg 30
projecting to a point adjacent the axis of the
roll-back ||. The member 29 is provided with
a projecting ear 3| which, when the pin 25 is
moved to the left into the dotted line position 30
generally indicated at 32, will drop into the re
cess 33 on the pin 25 and maintain the same in
the dotted line position until released in the man
ner hereinafter more fully explained.
As previously indicated, the lower end of the
leg 33 of member 29 extends to a point adjacent
the shaft III of the handle. The shaft It! may be
of the usual form such as is illustrated in Fig.
19 of my co-pending application Ser. No. 655,180,
i. e., the shaft IU of the handle has a transversely 40
extending pin which is moved transversely with
respect to such shaft as the key is rotated in the
handle. The pin is illustrated at 34 with the
lower end of the leg 30 resting thereon in the
position normally referred to as the unlocked
position. When the key is turned in the handle
so that the pin 34 descends permitting the leg
30 to descend likewise under the in?uence of the‘
spring 35, the ear 3| on such leg may, thereafter,
drop into the recess 33 after, of course, the pin
25 has been moved to the left by a counterclock 50
wise rotation of the roll-back ll. Movement of
the pin 25 to the left, upon counterclockwise ro
tation of the roll-back H, is made possible by
the upper end of the roll-back engaging a stud
stem may extend, outwardly through the door, a 36 carried by the pin 25. The length of the ver 55
terminal provided with a hand-grip to facilitate‘ tically projecting portion of the roll-back H, as
turning of the stem III in the lock.‘ Mounted on
the stem I0 is a roll-back II which, being pro
vided with a square opening for the reception of
the stem I0, is turned when the handle is ro
tated. As most clearly illustrated in Fig. 1, the
bolt 1 may have a link |2 connected thereto and
to which the crank l 3 from a second handle, usu
ally on the inside of the door, is connected.
Ordinarily, therefore, the bolt 1 may, through the
apparatus presently to be described, be moved
slidably into and out of engagement with the
stile or jamb by a rotation of either the outside
handle, the stem of which is shown at In, or the
iizsige handle, the crank lever of which is shown
a
.
Pivotally supported on the bolt 1 by means of
a pin II is a hook-shaped link, generally indi
cated at l5, one and I6 of which is normally in
well as the relative position of the stud 36 on the
bar or pin 25, is such that when the roll-back
has been rotated in a counterclockwise direction 60
for a distance su?icient to permit the ear 3| to
drop into the recess 33 and hold the pin 25, then
the upper end of the roll-back will pass under
the stud 33.
The so-called remote lock illustrated in the 65
system shown in Figs. 1 and 2 is shown drawn
to an enlarged scale in Fig. 4. The lock illus
trated in Fig. 4 includes the usual base plate
31 slidably supporting a bolt 33 which is nor
mally urged to the left and into engagement with 70
the stile or jamb by means of the spring 39.
The shaft 43 of the handle associated with this
look has a mil-back ll mounted thereon which
is substantially circular in form and provided
with notches 42 and 43.' Pivotally mounted on 75
3
2,135,967
the plate 31 by means of a stud 44 is a lever
45. Pivotally mounted on the lever 45 by means
and 2, the wires are shown passing downwardly
and around through the seat structure. The
of a stud 45 is a second lever 41. The lefthand
end of the lever 41 is normally maintained in
means for guiding the cable or wire 52 may either
include a plurality of guiding sleeves, such as
56 and 14, or a single continuous guiding tube
may be provided for the wire from one stile
post to the other.
engagement with the roll-back 4| in the notch
42 by means of a spring 45 which urges the le
ver 41 for rotation in a counterclockwise direc
tion about the axis of the stud 45. The lower
end of the lever 45 is arranged to engage a pro
10 jection 49 on the bolt 35.
Slidably mounted in suitable guides 50 on the
base plate 31 is a pin 5|, at its lefthand end
projecting through the laterally extending ?ange
of the base plate and at its righthand end bear
15 ing against the vertically disposed leg 52 of the
lever 41.
From the foregoing description of the master
lock and the lock associated with the remote
doors, it will be apparent that when it is sought
20 to rock the several doors on the vehicle, this may
be accomplished by a movement out of the look,
i. e., to the left, of the pin 25 associated with
the master lock and a movement into the remote
locks of the pins 5| associated therewith. The
25 center posts of the automobile body between
the doors i and 2 on one side and between the
doors 3 and 4 on the other are provided with
horizontal slots which receive and pass freely
the projecting ends of the pins 25 and 5| so that
30 they do not interfere with the opening and clos
ing of the doors. This construction is similar
to that described in my above-mentioned co
pending application Ser. No. 655.180. The
mechanism by which the pins 5| of“ the remote
35 locks may be forced into the looks as the pin
25 is moved out of the master lock will now be
described.
In the stile between doors I and 2 is posi
tioned apparatus clearly illustrated in perspec
tive in Fig. 7.
Mounted on the stile are two pairs 01' angle
brackets 53, each pair supporting therebetween a
‘pin 54. Oscillatably supported upon the pins
54 are tablets 55. Slidably supported between
the paired angle brackets 53 is a bar 55 which,
at its opposite ends, is provided with lateral ex
tensions 51 which engage the tablets 55. Piv
otally mounted on the stile by means of a pin
58 is a bellcrank 58. One leg 55 of the bellcrank
engages the bar 58 at 51 and said bar engages
the tablet 55 adjacent the pin 25 and to its
other leg 5| such bellcrank has secured a wire
or cable 52 by means of a pin 53. The pin 55
may project into a guiding slot 84 therefor
formed in the stile post. A sleeve 58. a short
portion of which is shown in Fig. '7 may be pro~
vided, through which the cable 52 is guided.
The apparatus positioned in the stile post be
tween the two remote locks illustrated in Fig. 2
is most clearly illustrated in perspective in Fig.
8. Two pairs of angle brackets 51 carried by the
stile post, respectively support pins 58 upon
which are oscillatably mounted tablets 59. The
stile post also carries two oppositely disposed
65 bellcranks 10 and 1|, the lower leg of each re
spectively engaging one of the tablets 55 and to
the other legs of which there are secured the
wires 12. The wires 12 are joined to the cable
52 which, it will be noted, is at its opposite end
70 connected to operating mechanism in the stile
post between the locks on the other side oi’ the
car.
The cable 52 may pass from one side of
the car to the other, either upwardly and around
in the roof structure, or downwardly and around
76 in the seat structure. As illustrated in Figs. 1
The operation of the system illustrated in
Figs. 1 and 2 may now be briefly described in
the light of the foregoing description of the 10
operation of its component parts.
The parts
as illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2 are in the position
which they would occupy when the doors are
unlocked.
Assuming now, therefore, that it is desired 15
to lock the four doors of the vehicle, the handle
associated with the master lock on door I will
first be rotated in a counterclockwise direction
as viewed in Fig. 1. Such rotation of the handle
will cause a counterclockwise rotation of the 20
roll-back Ii, moving the pin 25 to the left into
the dotted-line position illustrated at 32 in Fig. 3.
It is assumed, of'course, that the key has ?rst
been rotated in the handle of the lock of the
master door so as to move the pin 34 down 25
wardly so that after the pin 25 has been moved
to the left, the lever 29 may rotate in a coun
terclockwise direction under the in?uence of a
spring 35 sufficiently to cause the ear 3| car
ried thereby to move into the recess 38 and 30
maintain the pin 25 in the dotted line position.
Movement of the pin 25 towards the left, as
viewed in Figs. 1 and 3, will cause a movement
to the left of the bar 55, most clearly illus
trated in Fig. '7. The movement of the bar 55
to the left will cause a movement to the left
of the pin 5| projecting out of the remote lock
positioned on door 2. Movement of the pin 5|
to the left or into the remote lock on door 2
corresponds to a movement to the right of the 40
pin 5| as illustrated in Fig. 4.
Movement of the pin 5| to the right, as illus- '
trated in Fig. 4, will result in a clockwise rota
tion ofthe lever 41 into the dotted line position
illustrated in Fig. 4. whereupon the lefthand 45
end of such lever will be lifted out of engage
ment with the roll-back 4i. With the lever 41
lifted out of engagement with the roll-back 4|,
then such roll-back and the handle associated
therewith may be rotated without a withdrawal 50
of the latch bolt 85.
Movement of the pin 25 of the master door to
the left, as illustrated in Fig. 7, results in a clock
wise rotation of the bellcrank 39 and a conse
quent tensioning _of the wire or cable 52.
Ten
sioning of the wire or cable 52 will result in a
downward movement of the inner ends of the
55
bellcranks 10 and 1|, as illustrated in Fig. 8; such
movement will result in a spreading action of the
pins 5| of the remote locks extending into the 60
stile post of this side of the car, i. e., the pins on
these remote locks will be moved into such looks
with a consequent freeing of the roll-backs in the
manner described in connection with the expla
nation of Fig. 4.
65
Movement of the pin ‘25 to the left into the
dotted line position illustrated at Fig. 3, in the
manner above explained. will cause such pin act
ing through the projection 26 engaging the lever '
2| to cause such lever to rotate in a counterclock 70
wise directlon about its supporting pin 2|].
Movement of the lever 2|. in a counterclockwise
direction causes the lever or link IE to be rotated
in a clockwise direction about its supporting pin
i4 into the dotted line position illustrated in ‘?g.
4
2,135,907
3. The member i5 being thus moved into the
dotted line position will swing out of the path of
the roll-back I I so that the handle on the master
door and its associated roll-back may be rotated
freely without retracting the bolt 1 on such
master door.
The procedure which has been Just explained
has resulted in a locking of all of the doors of the
car by operably dlsconnectingthe handles from
10 the bolts, i. e., no amount of turning of such
handles will result in an actuation of the bolts.
Assuming now that it is desired to unlock the
carr-The only thing required to be done is to
rotate the key in the handle of the master door
15 so as to move the pin 34 upwardly into the posi
tion illustrated in Fig. 3. Such movement will
cause a slight clockwise rotation of the lever 29
carrying the ear 3| out of the recess 33 so that
the spring l'l and/or 23 may return the pin 25
20 and the levers l5 and 2| to the full line position
illustrated in Fig. 3. When the parts are in this
position, a clockwise rotation of the roll-back II,
as viewed in Fig. 3, will, due to the engagement
therewith of the link l5 which is connected to the
25 bolt ‘I, cause a retracting movement, 1. e., move
ment to the right of the bolt 1.
As soon as the pin 25 in the master door is re
turned to its full line position in Fig. 3, the springs
48 associated with the remote locks, return the
30 parts of such locks to the full line position as
ilustrated in Fig. 4, i. e., the lever 41 will be
returned to engagement with the roll-back 4|, so
that when the handle associated with this door is
moved in a clockwise direction, as illustrated in
Fig. 4, the lever 41 resting in a notch 42 of the
roll-back will be moved to the right causing a
counterclockwise rotation of the lever 45 about
its supporting pin 44. The lower end of the lever
45 is, therefore, urged to the right retracting the
40 bolt 38 associated with the remote look.
When the parts of the remote locks are in the
dotted line position, as illustrated in Fig. 4, i. e.,
when the doors are locked by an operable discon
nection of the handle from the bolt, the spring
45 43a resting in the notch or groove 43 in the roll
back will maintain the handle of the door from
rotation due to jarring so that when the doors
are unlocked in the manner just described, the
lefthand end of the lever 41 may drop into proper
50 engagement with the notch 42 in the roll-back 4|.
The above described apparatus is characterized
by the fact that the locking of the doors is ef
fected by operable disconnection of the handles
from their associated bolts on the several doors.
55 When such apparatus is employed and the car is
locked from the outside, it is, of course, possible
for an occupant of the locked car to open a door
and leave the car by merely rotating the inside
handle on one of the doors. For instance, a
60 clockwise rotation of the arm I 3 associated with
lever 202 with a. lower arm in contact with the
end of said pin. A wire 203 connects the upper
arms of said bellcranks. Before entering the car
one may turn the key to the locking position,
i. e., retract the pin 34 within the shaft Ill, and
after entering the car may lock all the doors by
movement of the handle on door I (Fig. 1) in a
direction, anticlockwise as shown in said drawing.
Such rotation will, through the crank iii, the bell
cranks 2M and 202 and the wire 203. shift the
pin 25 to the left, locking all the doors, just as
was done by anti-clockwise rotation of the roll
back II and shaft Ill through the outside handle
in the explanation hereinbefore given.
It will be noted that when a master lock of 15
the type illustrated in Fig. 3 is employed, the
radial projection of that portion of the roll-back
required to engage the pin 25 may be so long as
to interfere with the complete rotation of the
roll-back II when the doors are locked, i. e., 20
when the apparatus illustrated in Fig. 3 is locked,
an unauthorized person seeking entry into the
car might, by forcing the handle around in
either direction, move the radial extension of the
roll-back into engagement with the laterally ex 25
tending ?ange 8 of the base plate or into engage
ment with the bolt 1 and if su?lcient pressure
were exerted, might cause a. breaking of either
the handle or some other part of the mechanism.
The master lock illustrated in Figs. 5 and 6 is 30
designed to overcome this dl?‘lculty, i. e., when
the master lock in Figs. 5 and 6 now to be de
scribed is locked, the handle may be freely ro
tated without doing any damage to any part of
the mechanism.
The lock illustrated in Fig. 5 includes a base
plate 15 which has slidably supported thereon a
bolt ‘I6. A spring 11' urges the bolt into the
stile or jam adjacent the lock and normally
maintains the door in a latched condition. The 40
shaft of the handle for actuating this lock is
illustrated in section at 11. Such shaft carries a
transversely movable pin ‘I8 similar, in certain
respects, to the pin 20 illustrated as, a part of the
handle assembly in Fig. 19 of my co-pending ap
plication Ser. No. 655,180. In the construction
illustrated in Fig. 5, however, the pin is such that
when the key in the handle is rotated to the
locked position, such pin 18 will be positioned
substantially entirely within the shaft 11, for
the reason hereinafter more fully explained. 50
The shaft ‘IT has a roll-back 19 secured thereto.
The roll-back 19 is substantially circular in out
line with a notched-out portion, generally indi
cated at 80, in Fig. 6. Slidably mounted on a
suitable bracket 8| carried by the plate ‘I5 is a 55
bar 82. The bar 82 is resiliently maintained on
its supporting bracket by means of a U-shaped
spring 82' which is carried by a stud 82a. The
leithand end of such bar is provided with a cam 60
the inside handle of the lei'thand front door (Fig.
surface 83' adapted to be engaged by the roll
2) will result in a retractive movement of the
bolt associated with this door so that the door
may be opened. After the occupant has left the
back 19 at one end of the notch 80, upon clock
wise rotation of the roll-back as viewed in Fig. 5.
Positioned adjacent the righthand end of the
slidable bar 82 is a vertically disposed arm 83.
65 car in the manner described, the door may be
slammed, whereupon the parts are restored to the
locked position and the car again fully locked.
The upper end 84 of such arm extends into a
groove in the bolt ‘I8 so that when such upper
Likewise a person within the car may, from a
end 84 is moved to the right3 it will carry the
bolt 16 along therewith. The lower end of the
member 83 carries a pin 85 which extends
through and is slidable in an opening 86 in the
plate ‘I5. The pin 85 carries a small bracket 81
to which there is secured a spring 88 and the
other end of such spring is anchored at 89 on
central station, lock all the doors. The crank l3
70 on the inside handle of door i (Fig. 1) extends
upward beyond its connection with the link i2.
Mounted on a stud adjacent the upper end of
crank i3 is a bellcrank lever 2M with a lower arm
engaging said crank l3. Mounted on a stud
75 adjacent the inner end of pin 25 is a bellcrank
the plate ‘II.
75
2,195,967
5
Pivotally supported by means of a pin 9| on
99 in the roll-back reaches the upper‘ lefthand
the plate 15 is a bellcrank 92. A spring 99 se
cured at 99 to the bellcrank 92 and at its other
end 95 to the plate 15 urges the bellcrank 92 for
rotation in a counterclockwise direction. The
lefthand end of the bellcrank 92 is arranged to
end of the cam I92.
Assuming now that it is desired to lock the
master door and to coincidently look all of the
other doors of the vehicle body associated with
the master door: The key in the handle of the
lock will ?rst be rotated to move the pin 19 into
engage a collar 99 mounted on the pin 95.
Slidably supported on the plate 15 by means of
brackets such as 91 is a Z-shaped bar 99. The
10 righthand end of such bar 99 carries a stud 99
which projects into a slot I99 formed in one leg
of the bellcrank 92.’ The lefthand leg of the Z
bar 99 extends out of the look as at 25c and this
projection corresponds to the pin 25 of the mas
15 ter lock illustrated in Fig. 3.
The Z-bar 99 is at I9I provided with a shoulder
adapted to be engaged by a cam member I92.
The cam member I92 is supported for rotation by
means of a stud I99 carried by the plate 15. The
20 cam member I 92 has a projection generally in
dicated at I99’ which is adapted to be engaged
by the roll-back 19 at the righthand end of the
notch 99, so that when the roll-back 19 is ro
tated in a counterclockwise direction from its
25 position, as illustrated in Fig. 5, the cam mem
ber I92 will be rotated in a clockwise direction
and by engagement with the shoulder I9I, force
the Z-bar 99 towards the left.
Pivotally mounted by means of a pin I99 on
30 the plate 15 is a dog I95, the form of which is
most clearly illustrated in Fig. 11.
The dog I95 carries a lateral projection I99
adapted to be engaged by the pin 19 of the handle
shaft 11. The dog I95 also carries an ear I91
35 adapted to enter a notch I99 in the Z-bar 99
after such bar has been moved to the left upon
counterclockwise rotation. as above described, of
the roll-back 19. A spring I99 anchored to the
plate 15 by the stud H9 and extending over the
40 pin I99 and engaging the dog I95 under the
shoulder III thereof resiliently urges the dog
upwardly into engagement with the Z-bar so that
when such bar is moved to the left, the projection
I91 thereon may move into the notch I99 on the
45 bar.
The operation of the master lock illustrated in
Figs. 5 and 6 may be brie?ydescribedasfollowsz
The position of the parts, as illustrated in Fig. 5.
is the position which they occupy when the door
50 is unlocked, i. e., when rotation of the roll-back
19 is effective to retract the bolt 19 and the posi
tion of the parts, as illustrated in Fig. 6, is that
which they occupy when the door is locked, i. e.,
when rotation of the roll-back 19 may occur
55 freely without engagement with any of the parts
of the lock and consequently, without a with
drawal of the bolt 19.
When the parts are in the position illustrated
in Fig. 5, i. e., the unlocked position, the bolt
60 may be retracted by the rotation in a clockwise
direction of the roll-back 19. The roll-back 19,
when so rotated, moves the bar 92 to the right
against the vertically disposed bar 99. In the
unlocked position, the bellcrank 92 is in engage
95 ment with the pin 95 upon which the lower end
of the vertical bar 93 is mounted. With the
bellcrank 92 in the position illustrated in Fig. 5,
movement to the right of the bar-92 will cause a
clockwise rotation of the bar 99 about the axis
70 of the pin 95. The rotation of the roll-back 19
in a clockwise direction, in order to effect a
withdrawal of the latch bolt 19, has no effect on
the cam I92 and the mechanism associated there
with for the reason that the bolt is completely
75 retracted before the lefthand end of the notch
the shaft 11 of the handle, permitting the dog
I95 to be rotated in a clockwise direction under
the in?uence of a spring I99 into engagement 10
with the Z-bar 99. The handle of the lock and
consequently the roll-back 19 attached thereto is
then rotated in a counterclockwise direction as
viewed in Fig. 6. Such counterclockwise rota
tion of the roll-back will, in the manner previ
15
ously explained, cause a clockwise rotation of the
cam member I92. The cam member I92 bearing
against the shoulder IN on the Z-bar will cause
such bar to be moved to the left for a distance
su?icient to bring the projection I91 on the dog 20
and the notch I99 on the bar into register. The
spring I 99 then moves the dog into the notch
I 99 and the Z-bar is held in the position illus
trated in Fig. 6, i. e., with its terminal 92a pro
jecting out of the lock for a distance greater than
when the parts are in the unlocked position, as
illustrated in Fig. 5.
Movement of the Z-bar 99 to the left in the
manner explained causes a clockwise rotation of
the bellcrank 92 about the axis of its supporting
pin 9I. ‘Such clockwise rotation of the bellcrank
moves the lefthand end thereof out of engage
ment with the pin 95 or more particularly, the
collar 99 mounted thereon.
When the parts have been moved into the posi
tion just described, the handle of the lock and
the roll-back 19 associated therewith may be
rotated in either direction to any extent with
out retracting the bolt 19 of the master lock or
in any way disturbing the setting of the Z-bar 99 40
which maintains the remote locks in the latched
condition. Should the roll-back 19 be rotated
in a counterclockwise direction it will merely dis
place the sar 92 upwardly against the spring 92'
but witho t in any way moving the bolt 19 or
the bar 99. Should the roll-back 19 be rotated
in a clockwise direction, the bar 92 will he moved
to the right but since the bellcrank 92 has been
disengaged from the pin 95 upon which the lower
end of the bolt-actuating bar 93 is mounted, the
lower end of such bar 99 will move to the right
by a sliding of the pin 99 in the opening 99. The
lower end of the bar 99 will move to the right
rather than the upper end, due to the fact that
the spring 11' urging the bolt 19 to the left, is
much stronger than the spring 99 which urges
the lower end of the bar 99 to the left.
The roll-back 19, if further rotated in a clock
wise direction, will ultimately move the bar 92 to
the right for a distance su?lcient to permit the
roll-back to be rotated for a complete revolution.
It will be noted that the master lock illustrated
in Figs. 5 and 6 is characterized particularly by
the provision and arrangement of parts whereby,
when the lock is locked, the handle and the roll
back associated therewith, may be rotated in
either direction without withdrawing the bolt 19
or in any way disturbing the setting of the bar
99 upon which the locking of the remote doors
depends. The only thing which remains to be
done when it is desired to unlock the car is to
rotate the key in the handle moving the pin 19
into engagement with the dog I 95, depressing the
same and permitting the springs 99 and 99 to
return the parts to the position illustrated in
45
50
56
65
70
6
Fig. 5. As soon as the bar 33 is moved to the
right, tension on the wire or cable 32 connecting
the master lock with the other locks in the series
is relieved, thereby permitting the springs 43 asso
ciated with the remote locks to restore the parts
thereof into an unlocked position.
_ The locks and the system in which the same
are employed, as above described, are all charac
terized by the fact that the locking oi’ the several
10 doors is accomplished by disconnecting the sev
eral handles from their respective door-latching
bolts. When such arrangement is employed, the
bolts may, of course, be retracted by an actuation
of the inside handle moving the link I2 and the
15 arm I3.
It is also possible, oi! course, that in cer
tain types of installation, unauthorized entry of
the car may be achieved by the insertion of a
thin instrument between the door and its asso
ciated Jamb or stile to force back into retracted
20 position the bolt which maintains the door closed.
Ordinarily, there is no di?lculty on this account,
due to the fact that the doors overlie the stile
post to a certain extent, thereby obviating the
possibility of a retraction of the bolt as just de
25 scribed. In certain types of construction, how
ever, it may be desirable to positively lock or dog
the several bolts associated with the several doors,
so that when the car is locked the several doors
may not be opened except by a proper manipula
30 tion of the master lock.
A master lock in which the bolt is so positively
dogged as just described is illustrated in Fig. 9
and the handle associated with such lock is shown
in Figs. 13 to 15. A remote lock which may be
35 associated with a master lock of the character
illustrated in Fig. 9 is shown in Fig. 12.
Referring now more particularly to Fig. 9, it
will be noted that the look here shown comprises
a base plate II2 upon which there is slidably
mounted a bolt structure generally indicated at
H3. The bolt structure in this lock is somewhat
more expensive than the simple slide bolts vari
ously illustrated in the previously described
?gures. The bolt structure I I3 includes a pressed
45 steel body II4 to which there is attached a cam
faced bolt member I I3 adapted to engage the stile
or lamb of the door to maintain the same in
closed position. A shouldered rivet II3 carried
by the plate H2 and passing through an elon
50 gated opening II‘I in‘the bolt plate II4 slidably
supports the same at its righthand end. The
shaft III or the bolt-actuating handle 01' the
lock carries a roll-back H3. The roll-back II3
bears against a laterally extending ?ange I23 on
55 the bolt plate H3 and extends into a notch in a
slide bar III. The slide bar I2I is mounted on a
stud I22 and is normally maintained in the posi
tion illustrated in Fig. 9 by means of a spring
I23.
As previously indicated, the form of handle
employed in conjunction with the master lock
illustrated in Fig. 9 is shown in Figs. 13 to 15.
Such handle, generally indicated at I23. com
prises the stem portion H3 in the outer body
65 portion I24. The outer body portion I24 and
the stem portion III are rigidly connected to
gether and an escutcheon I23 is rotatably
mounted on the outer body portion. A coiled
spring I23 is mounted between cup members I21
70 and I2! respectively secured to the handle and
bearing against the inner face of the escutcheon.
The function of this spring is to resiliently main
tain the outer body portion of the handle in snug
engagement with the eseutcheon.
75
,
.
The outer body portion or the handle is pro
vided with a key-controlled barrel I23 which, at
its inner end, is provided with an eccentric pin
I30 which engages a dog I3I slidably mounted in
a transverse groove in the handle. As the barrel
is rotated by means of the key I32, the dog I3I is
moved into a recess I33 in the escutcheon. the
escutcheon being secured to the door by some
suitable means such as bolts, screws, or the like
passing through spaced openings I34 therein.
The handle will be held against rotation when 10
the dog is moved Into the recess I33, as illustrated
in Fig. 15.
The normal position of the handle when the
master door is unlocked is as illustrated in dotted
lines in Fig. 13. When the handle is rotated in a‘ 15
clockwise direction from such dotted line posi
tion, it will result in a clockwise rotation of the
roll-back H3 and a consequent movement to the
right of the bolt II3, so that the door may be
opened. If, however the handle is rotated in a 20
counterclockwise direction from the dotted line
position illustrated in Fig. 13, to the full line posi
tion illustrated in such ?gure, the roll-back H3
likewise rotating in a counterclockwise direction,
willkmove the slide I2I to the left, i. e., out or the
loc .
It will be noted that the slide bar I2I corre
sponds to the members 23 and 23a. of the previ
ously described master locks, so that the master
lock illustrated in Fig. 9 may be substituted for 30
either of the previously described master locks in
the system illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2.
As previously indicated, it may be desirable to
dog the bolts on the several remote doors instead
01’ merely ope'rably disconnecting their actuating 35
handles therefrom. A remote lock structure
functioning in this manner is illustrated in
Fig. 12.
The lock illustrated in Fig. 12 comprises a base
plate I33 upon which is slidably mounted a bolt 40
assembly I38, similar in certain respects to the
bolt assembly II3 oi the lock illustrated in Fig. 9.
A shouldered rivet I31 carried by the plate I33
and passing through an elongated opening I33 in
the bolt plate cooperating with ?anges I33 on the 45
base plate I33 slidably support the bolt assembly
on the base plate. . The cam-faced bolt member
I43 forming a part of the bolt assembly and pass
ing through an opening provided therefor in a
laterally projecting ?ange I H on the base plate
additionally slidably supports the bolt assembly
on the base plate. A spring I42 urges the bolt
assembly I33 to the left, i. e., tends to maintain
the several parts 01.’ the lock in the position illus
trated in Fig. 12.
55
The shaft I43 of the handle carries a roll-back
I44 adapted to engage a flange I43 on the bolt
plate so that when the roll-back is rotated in a
clockwise direction, the bolt assembly may be
moved to the right and the cam-faced bolt mem 60
ber I4l retracted from the stile or jamb.
slidably supported on the base plate by means
01' a pin I43 and a bracket I41 is a bar I43, which
corresponds to the members 3| of the previously
described remote locks.
65
Pivotally supported on the base plate I33 by
means 0! a stud I43 is a rocker arm I33.
A spring
I3I anchored at I32 to the base plate and at I33
in engagement with the rocker arm forces such
am into engagement with the bar I43 and resil 70
iently urges such bar to the left.
Pivotally mounted on a stud I34 on the base
plate is a dog I33. The dog I33 carries a stud I33
which extends into a slot formed on the lower
face of the bar I43. The bolt plate carries a pin 75
7
2,185,967
I51 which extends into the plane de?ned by the
pivotally supported dog iii.
The parts of the lock shown in Fig. 12 are
arranged in the position which they occupy when
the lock is in unlocked condition. Clockwise
rotation of the handle of the lock and the roll
4. In a coincidental locking system for a plu
rality of doors, the combination of a latch bolt
associated with each of such doors, bolt actuating
back “4 associated therewith results in a retrac
tive movement of the bolt assembly.
mally adapted upon rotation of said handle to
Assuming now, however, that the master lock
10 and its associated train of apparatus has been
energized to force the bar “8 to the right, i. e.,
to a locking position: Movement oi‘ the bar I48 to
the right will result in a clockwise rotation of the
dog I55 about the axis of the stud I54, so that the
15 dog is moved into the dotted line position illus
trated in Fig. I2. When the dog occupies the
dotted line position illustrated in Fig. l2, it lies in
the path of movement of the stud I51, when an
attempt is made to retract the bolt, 1. e., move the
20 bolt assembly I36 to the right.
The bolt in the lock illustrated in Fig. 12 is.
therefore, positively dogged and may not be re
tracted except by a breaking of some part of the
lock until the bar MB is restored to the full line
25 position illustrated in Fig. 12, thereby permitting
the dog I55 to move out of the path of the
stud I51.
From the foregoing description it is believed
that the construction and operation of the several
components of my invention may be fully under
stood without a further detailed explanation or
description.
.
It should be noted that while several diii'erent
forms of master looks, as well as several different
35 forms of remote locks, have been illustrated and
described, nevertheless, any particular form of
either type lock may be used in the general system
illustrated and described along with any other
form of described lock in the system. _
40
trolled means for maintaining said handles in said
disconnected relation.
Other modes of
invention may be
explained, change
mechanism herein
stated by any of
applying the principle of my
employed instead of the one
being made as regards the
disclosed, provided the means
the following claims or the
45 equivalent of such stated means be employed.
I therefore particularly point out and distinctly
claim ‘as my invention:
1. In a coincidental locking system for a plu
rality or doors, the combination of a latch bolt
50 associated with each of said doors, both actuat
ing means including a handle on each door nor
mally adapted upon rotation of said handle to
move its associated bolt, and means functionally
responsive to rotation of one of said handles for
55 operatively disconnecting another of said handles
from its associated bolt.
2. In a coincidental locking system for a pin
rality of doors, the combination of a latch bolt
associated with each of said doors, bolt actuating
60 means including a handle on each door nor
mally adapted upon rotation of said handle to
move its associated bolt, and means functionally
responsive to rotation of one oi.’ said handles in a
direction counter to its bolt retracting movement
65 for operatively disconnecting a plurality of said
handles from their associated bolts.
3. In a coincidental locking system for a plu
rality of doors, the combination of a latch bolt
associated‘ with each of such doors, bolt actuating
means including a handle on each door nor
mally adapted upon rotation of said handle to
move its associated bolt, means functionally re
sponsive to rotation of one of said handles for
simultaneously operably disconnecting all of said
75 handles from their associated bolts, and key-con
means including a handle on each door nor
move its associated bolt, means functionally re
sponsive to rotation of one of said handles in a
direction counter to its bolt retracting movement 10
for simultaneously operably disconnecting all of
said handles from their associated bolts, and key
controlled means for controlling said last named
means.
‘5. In a coincidental locking system for a plu
rality of doors, the combination of a latch bolt
associated with each of said doors, bolt actuat
ing means including a handle on each door, a
roll-back connected to each handle and means
operably connecting each such roll-back with its 20
associated bolt, and means functionally respon
sive to rotation of one of said handles and its
connected roll-back in a direction counter to
normal bolt retracting movement for simultane
ously operably disconnecting all of said roll
backs from their associated bolts.
25
6. In a coincidental locking system for a plu
rality of doors, the combination of a latch bolt
associated with each of said doors, bolt actuat
ing means including a handle on each door, a roll 30
back connected to each handle and means oper
ably connecting each such roll-back with its as
sociated bolt, means functionally responsive to ro
tation of one of said handles and its connected
roll-back in a direction counter to normal bolt 35
retracting movement for simultaneously oper
ably disconnecting all of said roll-backs from
their associated bolts, and key-‘controlled means
for controlling said last named means.
7. In a coincidental locking system for a plu 40
rality of doors, the combination of a. latch bolt
assembly associated with each oi said doors, bolt
actuating means including a handle assembly on
each door and a linkage operably connecting said
handle assembly with said latch bolt assembly,
said linkage secured to one of said assemblies
and movable into and out of operable engagement
with the other assembly, key-controlled means,
and motion transmitting connections between said
means and each of said linkages for holding the
said linkage on each of said doors out of opera
tive engagement with the said other assembly on
the respective doors.
‘
8. In a coincidental locking system for a plu
rality of doors, the combination of a latch bolt
assembly associated with each of said doors, bolt
actuatingr means including a handle assembly on
each door and a linkage operably connecting said
handle assembly with said latch bolt assembly,
said linkage secured to one of said assemblies 60
and movable into and out of operable engage
ment with the other assembly, means functionally
responsive to rotation of one of the handles on
said doors for simultaneously moving the said
linkage on each of said doors into and out of 65
engagement with the last named assembly on the
respective doors, and key-controlled means for
controlling said last named means.
9. In a coincidental locking system for a plu
rality of doors, the combination of a latch bolt 70
assembly associated with each of said doors, bolt
actuating means including a handle assembly on
each door and a linkage connected to said latch
bolt assembly and movable into and out of en
gagement with said handle assembly whereby op
75
8
2,185,967
erable relation may be established between said
assemblies, and means functionally responsive to
movement of the handle on one of said doors for
simultaneously moving the said linkage on each of
said doors into and out of engagement with its
associated handle assembly.
10. In a coincidental locking system for a plu
rality of doors, the combination of a latch bolt
associated with each of said doors, inside and
10 outside bolt retracting handles on each of said
doors, means operably connecting both handles
on each of said doors with the latch bolt there
on, and means functionally responsive to rotation
of one of said outside handles for simultaneous
15 ly operatively disconnecting each of said outside
handles from its associated bolt without disturb
ing the connection between such bolts and their
associated inside handles.
assembly associated with each of said doors, a
handle assembly associated with each of said
bolts, releasable means operatively connecting
each said latch bolt assembly with its associated
handle assembly, the parts being so arranged
that said handle assembly may completely
revolve when released, and means operable from
a single station for releasing a plurality of said
handle assemblies from operative connection with
their associated bolt assemblies.
16. In a coincidental locking system for a plu
rality of doors, the combination of a latch bolt
associated with each of said doors, handle means
associated with each of said latch bolts, retract
ing means for each of said latch bolts having a 15
part pivotally mounted on said latch bolt and
normally
operatively
engaging
said handle
means, and a train consisting of interconnected
movable elements for transmitting motion ‘and
11. In a coincidental locking system for a plu
rality of doors, the combination of a latch bolt operable from a single station for disengaging a 20
associated with each of said doors, bolt actuating plurality oi’ said parts from their associated han
‘
means including handle mechanism on each door, dle means.
17. In a coincidental locking system for a plu
motion transmitting mechanism between each‘
of said handle mechanisms and its associated rality of doors, the combination 01' a latch bolt
bolt including separable parts adapted to be associated with each of said doors, handle means
associated with each of said bolts, retracting
coupled and uncoupled and which when un
means for retracting each of said bolts and nor
coupled render said handle mechanism ine?ec
tive to actuate said bolt, a slide bar on each door mally operatively connecting each of said bolts
having an operative connection for actuating with its associated handle means, and a train
said separable parts, and means operable from consisting oi.’ interconnected movable elements 80
a single station for simultaneously actuating said for transmitting motion and controllable from a
single station for operatively disconnecting a
slide bars.
plurality oi.’ said retracting means.
12. In a coincidental locking system for a plu
18. In combination with an automobile vehicle
rality of doors, the combination of a latch bolt
associated with each 01’ said doors, bolt actuating having a door, a latch bolt on said door, and
means including handle mechanism on each door, means for retracting said latch bolt, means for
motion transmitting mechanism between each of freeing said retracting means from operative
said handle mechanisms and its associated bolt connection with its bolt, said last named means
including separable parts adapted to be coupled including a part operable through a peripheral
and uncoupled and which when uncoupled render edge of said door, and a part engageable with
said handle mechanism ine?‘ective to actuate said last named part when said door is closed
said bolt, a slide bar on each door extending to whereby operation of said part will free said
a point adjacent an edge of said door and having retracting means from operative connection with
its bolt.
an operative connection for actuating said sep
19. In a coincidental locking system for a pin
arable parts, motion transmitting mechanism be-,
rality of doors, the combination of a latch bolt
tween the slide bars of said doors whereby move
ment of a slide bar on one door is transmitted associated with each of said doors, bolt actuat
ing means on each door. a post adjacent an edge
to another door, and means on one of said
of each door, means for operably disconnecting
doors for actuating the slide bar thereof.
each bolt actuating means from its associated
13.
In
a
door
lock,
bolt
actuating
means
in—
60
bolt including a movable part on the adjacent
cluding a handle mechanism, motion transmit
ting mechanism between said handle mechanism post, and means operable from a single station
and said bolt including separable parts adapted
to be coupled and uncoupled and which when
uncoupled render said handle mechanism inef
iective to actuate said bolt, a slide bar extending
to a point adjacent an edge of said door and
having a connection with said motion transmit
operably associated with said movable part for
actuating the same.
20. In combination with an automobile vehicle 55
having doors on opposite sides, a latch bolt for
14. In a coincidental locking system for a plu
rality of doors, the combination of a latch bolt
associated with each of said doors, a handle for
securing each of said doors, releasable means as
sociated with at least one of said latch bolts for
retracting the same, means for releasing said re
tracting means from association with said bolt,
a train oi movable parts for transmitting motion
extending across said vehicle and operatively con
nected with said last named means, and said
each bolt, means normally operatively connect
65 ing each handle with its associated bolt, where
by each handle is operable to retract its bolt,
tracting means from association with said bolt
ting mechanism ior actuating said separable
parts by motion applied to said slide bar.
means ior disabling said last named means and
for operatively disconnecting each handle from
its associated bolt, a single controller, and mo
70 tion transmitting connections between said con
troller and said disabling means and operable
in disabling direction by actuation of said con
troller.
15. In a coincidental locking system for a plu—
75 rality or doors, the combination 0! a latch bolt
so
train of parts being arranged upon actuation
from one side of said vehicle to release said re
65
on a door on the other side of the vehicle.
21. In combination with an automobile vehicle
having doors side by side, a latchv bolt associated
with each of said doors, releasable means opera 70
tively associated with at least one of said latch
bolts for retracting the same, means for releas
ing said retracting means from operative asso
ciation with said latch bolt, a train of movable
parts for transmitting motion from one door to
9
2,135,967
releasable means for holding said
the other and operatively, connected with said ing a
last named means, and said train of parts being door in closed position, control means opera
tively associated with said holding means for
arranged upon actuation from one door to re
lease said retracting means from association with releasing the latter, and means for ireeing said
control means from operative connection with
said bolt on the other door.
22. In combination with an automobile ve
hicle having a plurality of doors, a latch bolt
associated with each of said doors, releasable
means on at least one of said doors associated
10 with the latch bolt thereof for retracting the
same, means for releasing said retracting means
from association with said bolt, a lever movabiy
mounted on another door, and mechanical means
responsive to movement 01’ said lever for releas
15 ing said retracting means from association with
said latch bolt on said one door.
23. In combination with an automobile ve
hicle having a swinging door having a free edge
closing against a post of said vehicle, a latch‘
bolt on said door, means for retracting said latch
bolt including a roll-back adapted to operative
ly engage said bolt. means for freeing said roll
back from operative connection with its bolt, and
said last named means including an operable
part in said free edge of said door.
24. In combination with a vehicle body hav-‘
ing a plurality of doors, means ior holding said
doors in closed position, means operably asso
ciated with said holding means for operating the
30 same, said operating means being disconnectable
from operable association with said holding
means, and means including a train of movable
parts for transmitting motion from a point re
mote from said doors and adapted upon actua
tion to disconnect said operable means Irom op
erable association with said holding means.
25. In combination with an automobile vehicle
having a door, a latch bolt on said door, means
, operatively related to said bolt for retracting
40 the same, and means for freeing said retracting
means from such operative relation with its bolt.
said lastnamed means including a part opera
bly fastened to said door and operable through
a peripheral edge of the door, whereby operation
45
of said part will free the retracting means from
its operative relation with its bolt.
26. In combination with a vehicle body hav
NO.
I
said door holding means, said ‘last named means
including a part operable through a peripheral
edge 0! said door and a part engageable with said
last named part when said door is closed.
27. In combination with a vehicle body having 10
a door, means for holding said door in closed po
sition, means operatively associated with said
holding means for operating the latter, said op
erating means being removable from operative
association with said holding means, and means 15
for so removing said operating means from op
erative association with said holding means, said
last named means including a train of operative
ly associated movable parts extending to a point
remote from said door and there provided with 20
an actuator.
28. In combination with a vehicle body hav
ing a door, means for holding said door closed,
means on said door adapted upon movement to
release said holding means, and means to pre
vent the movement 0! said means on said door
from releasing said holding means including a
train oi operably associated movable parts ex
tending to a point remote from said door and
there provided with an actuator.
29. The combination with a vehicle body hav
ing a plurality of doors, means for holding at
least one of said doors in closed position, means
operably associated with said holding means for
releasing said door, said operating means being
disconnectable from association with said hold
ing means, means adapted upon actuation to
disconnect said operable means Irom association
with said holding means, said disconnecting
means having associated therewith energy stor 40
ing means for returning the parts to connected
relationship, and a train oi’ operatively connected
movable parts extending to a point remote from
said door and there provided with an actuator
for actuating said energy storing means.
45
EDWARD D. DALL
Iove‘nber 8, 1938.
'
,
roman D. ‘BALL.
It is hereby certified that error appears in the printed specification
of the above numbered patent requir 12g correction as follows: Page 2, second
column, line 10, for ~the word "keeper" read link; page 5, first column,
line 20, for "rock" read lock; .page 5, second column, line 21;, for the
reference numeral "52a" read 25a; andtlnt the said Letters Patent diould
be read with this correction therein that the same my conform to the record
or the case in the Patent Office.
Signed and sealed this 27th day or Decmber, A. "n. 1958.
Henry Van Arsdale
(Seal)
Acting Commissioner of Patents.
9
2,135,967
releasable means for holding said
the other and operatively, connected with said ing a
last named means, and said train of parts being door in closed position, control means opera
tively associated with said holding means for
arranged upon actuation from one door to re
lease said retracting means from association with releasing the latter, and means for ireeing said
control means from operative connection with
said bolt on the other door.
22. In combination with an automobile ve
hicle having a plurality of doors, a latch bolt
associated with each of said doors, releasable
means on at least one of said doors associated
10 with the latch bolt thereof for retracting the
same, means for releasing said retracting means
from association with said bolt, a lever movabiy
mounted on another door, and mechanical means
responsive to movement 01’ said lever for releas
15 ing said retracting means from association with
said latch bolt on said one door.
23. In combination with an automobile ve
hicle having a swinging door having a free edge
closing against a post of said vehicle, a latch‘
bolt on said door, means for retracting said latch
bolt including a roll-back adapted to operative
ly engage said bolt. means for freeing said roll
back from operative connection with its bolt, and
said last named means including an operable
part in said free edge of said door.
24. In combination with a vehicle body hav-‘
ing a plurality of doors, means ior holding said
doors in closed position, means operably asso
ciated with said holding means for operating the
30 same, said operating means being disconnectable
from operable association with said holding
means, and means including a train of movable
parts for transmitting motion from a point re
mote from said doors and adapted upon actua
tion to disconnect said operable means Irom op
erable association with said holding means.
25. In combination with an automobile vehicle
having a door, a latch bolt on said door, means
, operatively related to said bolt for retracting
40 the same, and means for freeing said retracting
means from such operative relation with its bolt.
said lastnamed means including a part opera
bly fastened to said door and operable through
a peripheral edge of the door, whereby operation
45
of said part will free the retracting means from
its operative relation with its bolt.
26. In combination with a vehicle body hav
NO.
I
said door holding means, said ‘last named means
including a part operable through a peripheral
edge 0! said door and a part engageable with said
last named part when said door is closed.
27. In combination with a vehicle body having 10
a door, means for holding said door in closed po
sition, means operatively associated with said
holding means for operating the latter, said op
erating means being removable from operative
association with said holding means, and means 15
for so removing said operating means from op
erative association with said holding means, said
last named means including a train of operative
ly associated movable parts extending to a point
remote from said door and there provided with 20
an actuator.
28. In combination with a vehicle body hav
ing a door, means for holding said door closed,
means on said door adapted upon movement to
release said holding means, and means to pre
vent the movement 0! said means on said door
from releasing said holding means including a
train oi operably associated movable parts ex
tending to a point remote from said door and
there provided with an actuator.
29. The combination with a vehicle body hav
ing a plurality of doors, means for holding at
least one of said doors in closed position, means
operably associated with said holding means for
releasing said door, said operating means being
disconnectable from association with said hold
ing means, means adapted upon actuation to
disconnect said operable means Irom association
with said holding means, said disconnecting
means having associated therewith energy stor 40
ing means for returning the parts to connected
relationship, and a train oi’ operatively connected
movable parts extending to a point remote from
said door and there provided with an actuator
for actuating said energy storing means.
45
EDWARD D. DALL
Iove‘nber 8, 1938.
'
,
roman D. ‘BALL.
It is hereby certified that error appears in the printed specification
of the above numbered patent requir 12g correction as follows: Page 2, second
column, line 10, for ~the word "keeper" read link; page 5, first column,
line 20, for "rock" read lock; .page 5, second column, line 21;, for the
reference numeral "52a" read 25a; andtlnt the said Letters Patent diould
be read with this correction therein that the same my conform to the record
or the case in the Patent Office.
Signed and sealed this 27th day or Decmber, A. "n. 1958.
Henry Van Arsdale
(Seal)
Acting Commissioner of Patents.
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