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Патент USA US2136078

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Nov. 8, 1938.
2,136,078
’ VB. J. GOLDSMITH
PACKAGE
. Filed Feb. 5,- 1957
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INVENTOR
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ATTORNEY
Nov. 8, 1938."
2,136,078
B. J. GOLDSMITH '
PACKAGE
' Filed Feb. 3, 1937
, 3 Sheets-Sheet
2
'INVENTOR
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ATTORNEY
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'
B J_ GOLDSMITH
‘
2,136,,07g
PACKAGE
Filed Feb, 3‘, 19.57
3 Sheets-Sheet
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[NVENTOR
.852! TR HM d. (7 OLDSM/TH,
BY
.
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ATTORNEY
2,136,078
Patented Nov. 8, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT, OFFICE
2,136,078
PACKAGE
Bertram J. Goldsmith, New York, N. Y.
Application February 3, 1937, Serial No. 123,877
11 Claims. (01. 206-51)
The present invention relates to packages of
. narrow ware and in its more speci?c aspects is
concerned with the packaging of ribbons, tapes,
bindings, photographic and other ?lms, wire, etc.
One object of. the present invention is to pack
age a length of material arranged in the form of
a winding within a container in such manner that
the material of the winding may be progressively
withdrawn from the container substantially
10 '
without twist.
In accordance with one form of the present in
vention, a length of narrow ware, for example,
a length of ribbon is arranged in the form of a
wound mass comprising a plurality of groups of
1 convolutions, said groups being axially displaced
and portions of the length of the material cross
ing each other at an intermediate point. The ar
rangement is such that the length of material is
unwound by withdrawing the innermost end
thereof at said intermediate point opposite the
crossed portions and in a direction away there
from. This results in the successive unwinding
of alternate convolutions in said groups, and as
each convolution unwinds, the material is twist
25 ed somewhat in one direction for one convolution
of one group and in an opposite direction for the
next convolution of the other group with the re
sult that the twists neutralize each other in a
length of material corresponding [substantially to
30 successive convolutions of different groups with
the result that the unwound portion of the ma
terial is wholly or substantially free from twist.
The material thus arranged in groups of convolu
tions is disposed in a container having an open
35 ing through which the innermost end of the
length of ‘material may be progressively with
drawn in dispensing the material.
While the material is being withdrawn from
the container, the convolutions in the different
40 groups have a tendency to be displaced from their
respective groups out of their regular order and
to move toward and through the opening in the
container together with the innermost end as the
latter is being withdrawn with the result that
45 the convolutions may be withdrawn through the
opening out of their regular order causing the
material to become tangled, thereby preventing’
the, withdrawal of the material in the form of a
non-twisted length. It is, therefore, an object of
this invention to obviate this dif?culty and for
that purpose to provide for the _withdrawal of
the convolutions of each group in the proper se
quence necessary to provide a length of non
twisted material.
55. A further object of the invention is to provide
a package of material in the form of a winding of
the above character with means for maintaining
the convolutions in proper relative position with
in the container at all times thereby preventing
the groups of convolutions and the convolutions
in each group from being displaced with respect
to each other, which might otherwise occur es
pecially during shipment and handling of the
packages.
The above objects of the invention and other
objects which might hereinafter appear will best’
be understood from the following description
considered with reference to the accompanying
drawings.
15
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a package em
bodying the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a sectional view on the line 2——2 of
Fig. 1;
'
I
Fig. 3 is a- perspective view of the winding of
the material before it is in the container;
Fig. 4 is a sectional View on the line 4-4 of
Fig. 3;
Figs. 5 and 6 are side views of a length of ma
terial Wound on a temporary support,illustrating 25
more or less diagrammatically the manner in
which the Winding is formed;
Fig. 7 is a perspective view of the means as
sociated with the container for maintaining the
groups of convolutions in proper position in the
container and providing for the withdrawal of
the convolutions in proper sequence;
Fig. 8 is a plan view of a blank of material out
of which the means shown in Fig. 7 is formed;
35.
Fig. 9 is a View similar to Fig. 1, showing an
other form of the present invention;
v
- '
'
Fig. 10 is a sectional view on the line I0—|? of
Fig. 9;
Fig. 11 is a sectional view on the line I l—l l of
Fig. 10;
>
‘
40
Fig. 12 is a sectional view on the line lZ-IZ of’
Fig. 11;
Fig. 13 is a view similar to Fig. 1 showing an
other form of the invention;
Fig, 14 is a plan view of the package illustrated
in Fig. 13 with the top of the container removed
for the purpose of illustration;
Fig. 15 is a perspective view of the container
shown in Fig. 13, with the top of the container
removed.
'
Referring to the drawings in detail, there is
shown a package Ill comprising a container l2
in the form of a box made of any suitable ma
terial, preferably cardboard or stiff paper, and
having disposed therein a winding I4 of the ma
50
2
2,136,078
terial to be dispensed from said container for
permitting only the leading end 24 of each suc
which purpose the latter is provided with an
opening I6. For convenience in reference in the
withdrawn through the container opening I6.
description, the material of the winding I4 will
hereinafter be referred to as “ribbon”, but it will
be understood that the package may contain any
material which when arranged in the form of a
winding has a tendency to become twisted when
withdrawn from the winding, unless special pre
10 cautions are taken to prevent twisting.
’
cessive convolution of alternate groups to be
For this purpose there is utilized, in the form of
the invention illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2, a mem
ber 36 made of any suitable sheet material prefer
ably cardboard or stiff paper. Said member com
prises spaced confronting walls 38, each having
a relatively large bottom recess 40 and a relatively
small recess 42 which is continuous with the re 10
As best shown in Figs. 3 and 4, the winding I4 cess 40 and positioned thereabove. The walls 30
comprises a plurality of, here shown as two,
are connected at their lower ends by bottom por
groups I5 and ll of convolutions of the ribbon . tions 44, one at each end of the member 36.
web, said groups being axially displaced and al
15 ternate portions of the web crossing each other
at an intermediate point I8. As illustrated in’
Figs. 5 and 6, this ribbon formation is. produced
by winding the web on a suitable support 23 such '
as a rectangular card. As shown in Fig. 5, in
20 starting the winding, an end portion of the web
is wound about the support 20 producing one
turn or convolution 22 of one of the groups ofv
convolutions, and the following portion of the
web beyond the ?rst turn is continued crossing
25 over the free end portion 24 of said ?rst turn and
then wound about the support forming the ?rst
turn 26 of the other group of convolutions, the
continuing portion of the web being directed over
the intermediate or cross—over point I8 for pro
30 ducing the second turn 23 of the ?rst mentioned
group of convolutions and then over the inter
mediate point I8 for producing the second turn
30 of the second group of convolutions. This
method of winding is continued until the desired
35 number of convolutions is obtained, after which
the winding is removed from the support 29 and
as indicated will be in the form illustrated in
Figs. 3 and 4. It will be observed that the leading
end 24 of the web will be disposed interiorly of
40 the winding. The other web end 32 will be posi
tioned on the outside of the web and may be
temporarily secured in position in any suitable
manner, as for example by adhesive or by a pin.
However, when the winding I4 is disposed within
the container I2, as illustrated in Fig. 2, the end
32 is preferably secured to the bottom of the con
tainer in any suitable manner as by a piece of
adhesive tape 33.
When it is desired to unwind the web or a
portion thereof, the leading end 24 is withdrawn
50
from the winding centrally of. the groups of con
volutions in a direction away from the crossed
Upper horizontal portions 46, which as here shown
are formed integral with the walls 38, project in 15
opposite directions one from each wall, respec
tively.
Spacing tabs 48 struck out from the
walls 38 at the upper ends thereof project in
wardly toward the wall opposite that from which
said member is struck out. In Fig. 8 there is 20
illustrated the blank from which the member 36
is formed, the several parts of said member being
indicated on said blank by the same reference
characters, the dot and dash lines indicating lines
of fold,
’
25.
The member 36 is, disposed within the con—
tainer I 2 centrally thereof with the walls 38
extending between and engaging side walls of
the container and disposed at opposite sides of
the opening I6. Said walls also extend from the
inner surface of the bottom of the container
which is engaged by the bottom end portion 44
to the inner surface of the top of the container
which is engaged by the top portions 43, the latter
also extending to the container side walls 50
which hold the walls 38 against movement away
from each other while the spacing tabs 48 limit
the movement of the walls 38 toward each other.
As thus positioned, cut-outs 40 in the walls 38
overlie the adjacent portions of the ribbon con 40.
volutions and the cut-out portion 42 overlies the
portions adjacent the intermediate point I8 and
serves as a guide for the leading end 24 of the
innermost convolution of each group as the latter
is withdrawn through the container opening I6. 45
As thus constructed and arranged, the member
36, and more particularly, the walls 38 thereof
serve to hold the convolution groups I5 and I1
apart thereby preventing the convolutions of one
group from tangling with the convolutions of
the other group. . Said member 36 also prevents 50
the convolutions from passing into the space be
intermediate web portions and through the con
tween the walls'38, except as each of said con
tainer opening I6. This results in the successive 7 volutions is unwound in regular order, or in other
55 unwinding of alternate convolutions in said words, said member permits only the innermost
groups, and as each convolution unwinds, the convolutions to pass in regular order into the
ribbon is twisted somewhat in one direction for
space between walls 38 and from said space
one convolution of one group and in an opposite
direction for the next convolution of the other
60 group with the result that the twists neutralize
each other in a length of the ribbon correspond
ing substantially to two successive convolutions of
different groups and the unwound portion of the
web withdrawn from the container I2 is wholly
or substantially free from twist. It will be no
ticed that while the ribbon is dispensed from the
container without twist the winding as a whole
remains stationary and it is unnecessary as here
tofore to mount the Winding on a rotatable core
or support for dispensing the material from a
winding without twist.
In accordance with the present invention, pro
vision is made for maintaining the convolutions
I5 and IT in proper relation .to each other within
75 the container I2 and provision‘ is also made for
through the container opening I6.
Under certain conditions, and in connection
particularly with certain types of material Where
the tendency of the latter to move out of the
container opening during the dispensing of the
ribbon is negligible, it is ordinarily sufficient
merely to provide the container with means to
maintain the groups of convolutions in proper
position during the shipment of the ribbon pack
age. Thus, in the form of the invention illus~
trated in Figs. 9 to 12, there is provided a spacer
member 752 which projects through an elongated
opening 54 in the top of the container in posi 70
tion between the convolutions I5 and I‘! of the
ribbon winding. The member 52 is provided with
a top wall 56 which normally covers the con
tainer opening 54. Said member is made of any
suitable material preferably cardboard and has 75
3
2,136,078
side walls 58 which are provided adjacent their
upper endswith tongue portions 60 adapted to
engage under the top of the container adjacent
the ends of the opening 54. whereby to releasably
of convolutions for maintaining them in said
axially displaced relation. '
‘ hold the member 52 in position within the con-'
3. A package of material comprising a con
tainer provided with an opening for dispensing
the material, a length of material arranged with
tainer. Said member 52 thus also constitutes a
closure for opening 54. When it is desired to dis-,
comprising a plurality of continuous convolutions
pense the material from the container, the mem
ber 52 is removed‘ and the leading end of the
10? innermost convolution is drawn through the con
tainer opening 54 in the manner described above
in connection with the package shown in Fig. 1.
In accordance with another form of themes
ent invention illustrated in Figs. 13 to 15, the
15' means for positioning‘ the groups of convolu
tions in the container comprises a pair of wedge~
like members 62. As best shown in Figs. 14 and
15, each of said wedged members, which are
preferably formed of cardboard, are provided
20 vwith end portions 64» which may be secured to
the side walls of the container in’ any suitable
manner, as by an adhesive. Said members 62
extend from the inner surface of the bottom of
the container to the inner surface of the con
tainer top and project toward the center ,or
cross-over point I8 of the groups l5 and I‘! of
the winding convolutions and in this manner
serve to maintain said groups of convolutions in
proper position within the container.
Thus it is seen that the ‘construction herein
shown or described is well adapted to accom
plish the several objects of the present invention.
It will be understood, however, that the invention
maybe embodied otherwise than as here shown,
35 ‘and that in the several constructions disclosed
certain changes in the form and arrangement
of parts may be made. Therefore, I do not wish
to be limited precisely to any of the embodi
ments herein disclosed, except as may be re
quired by the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, what I
claim and‘desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A package of material comprising a con
tainer provided with an opening for dispensing
=~ the material,.a length of material arranged with
in saidcontainer in theform of a Wound mass
comprising a plurality of continuous convolu
tions arranged in axially displaced groups with
intermediate portions of the length of material
50 crossing each other at a point between two
groups of said convolutions whereby successive
portions of the length of material can be with
drawn from the Wound mass at a point opposite
said crossed portions and through said contain
55 er opening, and means for maintaining said.
groups of convolutions in said axially displaced
relation.
2. A package of material comprising a con
tainer provided with an opening for dispensing
60 the material, a length of material arranged with
in said container in the form of a wound mass
comprising a plurality of continuous convolu
tions arranged in axially displaced groups with
intermediate portions of the length of material
65 crossing each other at a point between two
groups of said convolutions whereby successive
portions of the length of material can be with
drawn from the Wound mass at a point opposite
said crossed portions and through said container
70 opening, the material in one group of convolu
tions having edges which confront the edges of
the material in another of said group of con
volutions, and means extending between said
confronting edges of the material of said groups
75
in said container in the form of a wound mass
arranged in axially displaced groups with inter
mediate portions of the length of material cross
ing each other at apoint between two groups of 10.
said convolutions whereby successive portions of
the length of material can be withdrawn from
the wound mass at a point opposite said crossed
portions and through said container opening, and»
means extending between said groups of con
15,
volutions for maintaining them in said axially.
displaced relation, said meanshaving an open
ing through which the successive portions of the
length of material pass as they are withdrawn
from said groups of convolutions.
4. A package of materialcomprising a contain
er provided with an opening for dispensing the
materiaL'a length of material arranged'within said
container in the form of a wound mass compris
ing a plurality of continuous convolutions. ar
25
ranged in axially displaced groups with interme
diate portions of the length of material crossing
each other at a point between two groups of said
convolutions whereby successive portions of the
length of material can be withdrawn from. the 30
wound mass at a point opposite saidcrossed por
tions and through said container opening, and
means disposed between said groups of convolu
tions having a restricted opening therein through
which successive portions of the length of mate 35.:
rial can pass as they are withdrawn from the mass
through said container opening.
'
. '
5. A package of material comprising a con
tainer provided with an opening for dispensing
the material, a length of material arranged with
in said container in the form of a wound mass
comprising a plurality of continuous convolutions
arranged in axially displaced groups with inter
mediate portions of the length of material cross
ing each other at a point between two groups of
said convolutions whereby successive portions or
the length of material can be withdrawnv from
the wound mass at a point opposite said crossed
portions and through said container opening, and
means to maintain said convolutions spaced from 50
said container opening whereby only successive
portions of the length of material which are with
drawn from the mass in regular order can be
withdrawn through‘said container opening.
6. A package of material comprising a con 55
tainer provided with an opening for dispensing
the material, a length of material arranged with
in said container in the form of a wound mass
comprising a plurality of continuous convolu—
tions arranged in axially displaced groups with 60
intermediate portions of the length of material
crossing each other at a point between two groups 7
of said convolutions whereby successive portions
of the length of material can be Withdrawn from 65
the Wound mass at a point opposite said crossed
portions and through said container opening, and
means comprising spaced walls de?ning a space
within said container between said groups of
convolutions, said container opening being in 70
communication with said space, each group of
convolutions being maintained spaced from said
container opening by one of said walls, and an
opening in each of said walls through which the
successive portions of the length of material pass 76
4
2,136,078?
es as they are withdrawn from said mass an
through said container opening.
'
7. A package of material comprising a con
tainer provided with an opening for dispensing
the material, a length of material arranged with
in said container'in the form of a wound mass
comprising a plurality of continuous convolutions
arranged in axially displaced groups with inter
ranged in axially displaced groups with interme
diate portions of the length of material crossing
each other at a point between two groups of said
convolutions whereby successive portions of the
length'of material can be withdrawn from the
wound mass at a point opposite said crossed por
tions and through said container opening, and
means projecting through said container open
mediate portions of the length of material cross
ing and extending between said groups of convo
10 ing each other at a point between two groups of lutions for maintaining them in said axially dis
10
said convolutions whereby successive portions 01 placed relation, said means constituting a closure
the length of material can be withdrawn from for said opening and being removablev therefrom
the wound mass at a point opposite ‘said crossed , to permit the withdrawal of said material.
portions and through said container opening, and
10. A package of material comprising a con
15 means comprising spaced walls extending over tainer provided with an opening for dispensing
15
said intermediate portions and defining a space the material, a length of material arranged with—
within said container between said groups of in said container in the form of a wound mass
convolutions, said container openingbeing in comprising a plurality of continuous convolutions.
communication with said space, each group of arranged in axially displaced groups with in
:convolutions being maintained spaced from said termediate portions of the length of material 20.
container opening by one of said walls, and an crossing each other at a point between two groups
opening in each of said walls through which the of said convolutions whereby successive portions
successive portions of the length of material of the length of material can be withdrawn from
passes as they are withdrawn from said mass
the wound mass at a point opposite said crossed
and through said container opening.
portions and through said container opening, and 25
8. A package of material comprising a con
means projecting from opposite side walls of the
tainer provided with an opening for dispensing container and positioned between said groups of
the material, a length of material arranged. with
convolutions for maintaining them in said axially
in said container in the form of a wound mass
displaced relation.
_
30 comprising a plurality of continuous convolutions
11. A package of material comprising a con 30:
arranged in axially displaced groups with inter
tainer provided with an opening for‘ dispensing
mediate portions of the length of material cross
the material, a length of material arranged with
ing each other at a point between two groups of in said container in the form of a wound mass
said convolutions whereby successive portions of comprising a plurality of continuous convolutions
the length of material can be withdrawn from arranged in axially displaced groups with inter 35
the wound mass at a point opposite said crossed mediate portions of the length of material cross
portions and through said container opening, and ing each other at a point between two groups of
means projecting through said container open
said convolutions whereby successive portions of
ing and extending between saidv groups of con
the length of material can be withdrawn from the
40 volutions for maintaining them in said axially wound mass at a point opposite said crossed por
displaced relation.
9. A package of material comprising a contain
er provided with an opening for dispensing the
material, a length of material arranged within
45 said container in the form of a wound mass com
prising a plurality of continuous convolutions ar
tions and through said container opening, and
wedge-like members having their wider ends se
cured to side walls of the container and positioned‘
between said groups of convolutions for maintain
ing them in said axially displaced relation.
BERTRAM J. GOLDSMITH.
451
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