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Патент USA US2136130

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Nov. 8, 1938.
L. GORLENKO
2,136,130
VEHICLE BODY
Filed Jan. 28, 1958
s Shéets~Sheet 1
lazuli é‘orlmio
Nov. 8, 1938.‘
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VLLGORLENKO'
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VEHICLE
2,136,130
‘BODY
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Filed Jan. ‘28, 1958‘
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‘Nov. 8, 1933.
L. GORLENKO
, 2,136,130
VEHICLE BODY
Filed Jan. 28, 1938 '
3 Sheets-Sheet 3’
1041053 601191010
Patented Nov. 8, 1938
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‘UNITED -\ STATES. PATENT :
2,138,189‘
VEHICLE BODY‘
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Lo‘uis/Gorlenko, Arlingtomya.
Application January as, .1933, Serlal'No. 181,539
7:‘ ‘ This
h
invention relates
g
r to vehicles
' of
‘sowmsgicrzo-zi
the van ‘, Figure 3 is a' transverse‘g
cross-section
_‘
of the. van
1‘ type and more particularly‘ to vehicles ‘compris- on the line 3-4 of Fig. 2; and‘ .
‘
>
‘1 ing a wheeled chassis adapted to be transported > t Figure 4 is a_ longitudinal, cross-section of the
' ~- from place to place, either under its own power. yvan showing theposition of the parts in partially
.
‘ . ‘ I". i or as a trailer, and an enclosed housing structure
-
collapsed position.
.
.
Y
mounted on the chassis which iscapable of be-‘ 1 Referring to the drawings‘ in Figs. 1 and 2 is
‘ ' 1 ing expanded when the‘ vehicle has ‘reached its illustrated a vanrythe housing of vwhich isexpan
‘ 1 destination to-permit the exhibition of moving, sible to provide a darkened enclosure for the ex
.i ‘i - i ‘
pictures, stereoptlcon slides and thelike before 1.‘ .hibition of talking ‘motion’ pictures. One purpose
10 small audlences,
‘ .
1
.
.
I
,
for which the van may beused is as a small port- 10
; ‘An important object of my inventionis to .pro- ~ _ able theatre capable 01 being moved ‘about among
‘ ‘vide 3a ‘vehicle of the above character‘ in which ‘localities having large, foreign-born populations
the housing is composed of a number of tele-q {or vthe presentation of talking pictures in‘ the
scopically arranged sections.‘ capable of being. ‘ nativeianguages of, the people composing such
‘
‘
ll 'slidlongitudinally and laterally of the'chassis so' ~ populations.
.
a
‘
, _ -
.1 ~ _ i
, _
‘as to increase the length and breadth ‘of the ‘_ Another purpose for the van may be ‘to permit
‘housing. ‘ In. its preferred form, the invention - giving still or moving picture exhibitions espe
I
contemplates the provision of means by which the
cially, suited to the entertainment and education
housing sections may be readily slid into and out
of young school children. =Also such a van might
' 20 of their expanded positions;
.be employed by commercialorganizations for ad- 20
The invention has as a further object to pro-> vertising their goods and services through the
vide a' vehicle of the above character in which medium of moving pictures, and especially those
the seats ‘provided for the accommodation of the - organizations 'whose goods or services offer their
audience are attached to the ?oors of. the several principal sales appeal'to special classes of persons
25 ‘housing sections and are so. constructed and ar.—
to be found in di?erent communities.
‘ ranged as tobe folded'against the floors and con- ‘
,
26
~ The van comprisesa chassis I mounted upon
" cealed‘ between the overlying floors of the tele‘
v ‘scoped sections when thehousing is fully 001-
wheels 2 and havinga cab} adjacent its forward
end for sheltering the operator of the vehicle. A
i » lapsed'and prepared for‘moving to a new locality.
hood .4 at the front of the chassis encloses the
30
engine which furnishes the motive power for the 30
Another object of my invention is to provide a
vehicle of the above character inwhichthe clear-
' . a ance between the ‘sliding sections of the housing ‘
vehicle.
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., ~
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.Supported upon ties 5 extending ‘across the
.
‘are effectively sealed against the elements and chassis is a-collapsible housing 6. This housing,
theinflltration of light so asto provide a weaths which is adapted to be collapsed in ‘the ‘manner
.35 er.-tight completely. darkened enclosure ‘suitable ' indicated‘in the cross-sectional view of‘ Fig. 4, is; 35
‘ for the‘projection of pictures'upon a’ screen and composedof four telescopic sections 1, 8; 9 and‘
1 to facilitate heating the ‘enclosure when ‘outside . l0, each constituting‘a quarter corner portion of
temperature conditions make this necessary.
.
. '. Still ‘another. object of the invention is to pro40 vide a vehicle of. the above character including a
‘
projection curtain or‘screen and so constructed
> and arranged that the projection machine may
be positioned eitherrinlfront of or to the rear of .
‘
the screen;
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the v.‘housing when the lattervis fully expanded.
Section 1 comprises a floor or bottom ‘la, a top ‘lb,
a side wall ‘la and an end wall 1d,\the latter being 40
located towards the front of the van immediately ‘
behind the ‘cab 3.’ This section] is stationarily ‘
supported upon the cross tiesan'd since it pro
‘ vides the section into-which the remainder of the
‘4 ‘ Other objects and-advantages willibe apparent
‘ 1'. a from the following detailed description of a pre-
sections telescope it necessarily is of somewhat 45 .
greaterheight than those sections. v
ferred embodiment of ‘the invention, reference
- The section ‘likewise comprises a bottom, top.
‘ being had to the annexed drawings, in which:v
side wall ‘and’ end ‘wall and is adapted to nest
Figure 1 is a view in side‘ elevation of a van? snugly within the stationarysection 1 when col
gg‘having a housing composed "of a-number of tele- ‘ lapsed but is capable of being slid laterally of 50
scopic sections, the housing .beingshown in ,ex-‘ the chassis to the position indicated in Fig. 2.
‘ panded position and serving to provide a dark- Fastened‘to the underside of. the ?oor of section
b ened enclosure for the exhibition of ‘moving pice
.
.55
tures;
~
‘
,
1
a
v
.
a
a
Band extending in the‘direction'of sliding move- _
>~mentotthe sectionisa-pair'of runners ll'adapt
Figure 2 is aplan view ofthe van of Fig. 1; I
I
ed ‘to telescope withina pair ‘of sleeves i2 se- 55
2
8,186,180
cured to the bottom of stationary section 1, the
arrangement being such that the runners sup
port the load of section 8 and guide it in its slid
the hood 4 of the vehicle. An amplifier 28 fur
nishing the sound accompaniment for the pic
ing movement. Struts l8 hingedto the bottom of
tures is located in the space behind the screen.
Curtains 21 are suitably suspended from the cab
to provide a darkened enclosure for the project
this section at its outer end are adapted to be
dropped to upright position when the section is
fully expanded for the purpose of supporting the
extended side of the housing. ~'*
10
Section 9;‘ similarly composed of a bottom, top,
side wall and end wall, is arranged to nest within
section 8 when the housing is collapsed, as indiq
cated in Fig. 4, but is capable of being slid end
wise of the chassis into theposition shown in Fig.
2. A pair of ‘runners i4, corresponding to the
15 runners I 2 ‘of section 8, are connected to the
bottom of section 9 and extend in the direction
, of sliding movement of the section.
The runners '
I 4 telescope within sleeves 15 secured to the bot
tom of stationary section ‘I to support the sec
tion and'guide it in its sliding movement. Struts
i6 hinged‘ to the bottom of section 9 may be
swung to vertical position, in a manner corre
sponding to the struts l8, to support the longi
tudinally extended end of the housing.
Carried within and adapted to be slid laterally
outwardly from section} 9 is‘section l9 compris
ing a bottom,‘ top, sidewall and end wall. Sec
tion III is adapted to be moved lengthwise of the
chassis as a unit with section 9 and subsequently
30 slid outwardly to constitute a rear section of the
expanded housing complemental to section 9. A’
II, fastened to .the
tom of section 9, as indicated in Fig.4.v '
struts l9 upon the'bottom of section It may be
lowered to afford support for this section. when
fully expanded.
dicated in Fig. 4. This figure however shows
sections 9 and I8 incompletely nested within
section 8, and when‘ fully collapsed the rear end
of section 9 will substantially coincide with
the rear end of stationary section 1. The space
provided by the vehicle will then correspond ap
proximately to the interior of the smallest sec
tion H), which space may be used for the storage
of the paraphernalia and apparatus required in
well as to provide sleeping quarters for the op
erator of the vehicle. To facilitate expanding
the sections of the housing'upon reaching the
site selected for a performance there is provided
the mechanism indicated schematically in Fig.
2. .A shaft 28 mounted upon and extending
crosswise of the chassis approximately midway
of the stationary housing ‘I is provided vupon one
30
companion bevel gear 8| on one end of a stub
ing movement of the section, telescopes within a
companion pair of sleeves I 8 secured to the bot
40
ing machine operator as well as to shelter the
operator and the apparatus from the weather.
As will be apparent from the foregoing descrip
tion, when the vehicle is moving from one locality
to another the housing will be collapsed with the
sections occupying their nested positions as in
-‘
The top, side walls and end walls of the var
ious sections are arranged in comparatively snug
shaft 32 suitably journaled upon the chassis
and extending parallel to and/adjacent a side'of
the chassis. A pinion 33 keyed to the stub shaft 35
engages a rack 34 fixed upon the bottom of sec
tion 8. Thus by turning the crank 29 the pinion
93 is rotated to impart movement to the rack to
slide the section inwardly or outwardly of the
stationary‘ section 1.
sliding engagement with theircompanion sec
tions, and felt packing strips, .as indicated at 45
in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, are provided to seal the
45
necessarily slight amount of clearance between a hand crank“. Midway of its length this shaft
the sections. The ?oors of the sections however has keyed thereon a pinion 31 engaging a rack 45
38 secured to the bottom of the section 9. Tum
are supported by their runners in spaced rela
tionas shown in these figures to provide small ing the hand crank 36 causes the pinion 31 to be
rotated in engagement with the rack 98 to shift
compartments between the ?oors when the hous
50 ing is collapsed. Arranged in rows facing toward section 9 longitudinally of the chassis.
Through the operation of . these two hand'
the forward end of-the vehicle are chairs 29
each comprising a front frame 29¢, a back frame cranks the housing may be completely expanded.
Firstthe crank 96 is operated to slide the section
9 longitudinally of the chassis,v this section car
rying with it sectionv l0 which is nested therein.
traveling from one locality ‘to another with the
housing collapsed the chairs are located in out
of-the-way position between the floors of the
nested sections.
Sections 8 and I 0 are coupled together by means ‘
of a pair of rails 99 extending longitudinally of 55
the vehicle throughout the full length of section
'
' The end wall of section 9 is provided with a
door -2l providing access to the interior of the
housing and a pair of steps 22 positioned at the
rear end of the vehicle leads from’ the ground
level tov the floor level of the housing. An up;
right projection screen 23 (Fig. 2) is disposed at
a slight inclination at the forward end of the
; housing so as to be clearly visible to the audi
ence occupying'the chairs 20 within the housing
during moving picture exhibitions. vThe end wall
The bottoms, tops, sidewalls and end walls‘
of the various sections, except for. the window 24
in section ‘I and the door 2| in section 9, are
desirably ‘without openings and the felt packing
strips 45 seal ‘the clearances between the com
ing from the housing at- a location immediately‘ panion parts of the housings where they are in 70
:behind the screen into the cab 8 of the vehicle. »
However, when the hous
This window allows pictures tobe projected upon
will occur between certain
the screen from its rear side by means of a pro~ sections, as for example between the top and
75 jecting machine 25 adapted to be set up upon bottom of section 8 and the top and bottom of
section 9. In order to automatically close these '75
'of section ‘I is provided-with a. window 24 open
3
arcane
movable housing sections designed to n
least
three
be
telescoped
within the stationary section, said
I gaps ‘when the sections are moved to their ex
there are provided ?aps 42 0! sections each havinga top, bottom and side wall
tended positions,
heavy waterprooied and togetheradapted when expanded to form ‘
?exible material, such as a
43 which components of a closed housing, runners upon
fabric, fastened to spring metal arms
snap into position to close the openings as the the movable sections slidable within guides upon
companion sections for independently supporting
said movable sections for movement longitudinal
sections are mov
also provided in thoseplaees
interfere with the sliding movement of the hous
which would other-i
ing sections to close the gaps
wise occur between the sections when expanded.
10
in Fig. 3 located be
tween the spaced apart overlying bottoms of sec
ly and laterally of said chassis with their bottoms
in‘ relative spaced relation to provide compart
ments therebetween,‘ seats iastened to the sec
tions said seats being so constructed and ar
ranged as to be folded ‘against the bottoms of the
sections and to occupy the compartments when
’ ,tions 1 and 8 and sectionsembodied
9 and I0.in other spe- . the sections are telescoped within each other and
The invention may be
cific forms without departing from the spirit or
means automatically operable for closing the
present embodiment is therefore to be considered
when the sections are expanded.
15 essential characteristics of the invention, and the
clearance space between certain of the sections
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4. A road vehicle adapted to serve as a portable 20
as illustrative and. not restrictive, and all changes
within the meaning and range of’ theatre comprising a wheeled chassis and a col
equivalency of the claims are therefore intended lapsible housing mounted upon said chassis, said
housing including a stationary section and at
to be embraced therein.
'
least three movable sections designed to be tele
l' I claim:
1. A road vehicle adapted1 to serve as a portable scoped within the stationarysection, said sections
which come
bottom and side wall and 'to- '
wheeled chassis and a col
each having a top,
'
I theatre comprising a
when expanded to form com
‘lapsible housing mounted upon said chassis, said‘ gether adapted
closed
‘housing,
an
upright projec
25 housing including a stationary section and at ‘ ponents of a
tion screen arranged vadjacent the endoi one of
the sections and a window provided in a wall of 30
least three vmovable sections designed to be tele
scoped within the stationary section, said sec
tions each having a top, bottom and side wall‘ and
together adapted when expanded to- form com
said last-mentioned section adjacent ‘and to the
rear of the screen through which pictures may
from exteriorly of
the movable sections slidable within guides upon
the housing.
i
80 ponents of a- closed housing, and means upon ~ be projected upon the screen
5. A road vehicle adapted to serve as a portable
theatre comprising'a'wheeled chassis and a col- ,
companion sections for independently supporting
said movable sections for movement longitudi
lapsible housing mounted upon said
housing, including‘ a stationary section and at
least three movable sections designed to be tel
.escoped within the stationary section, said sec- ‘ 40
tions each having a top, bottom and side wall
nally and laterally of said chassis with their
35 . bottoms in relative spaced relation.
‘ 2. A road vehicle adapted to serve as aaportable
theatre comprising a wheeled chassis and a col
lapsible housing mounted upon said chassis, said
housing including a stationary section and at and together adapted when expanded to form"
components of a closed housing, runners upon
least three movable sections designed to be tele
within the guides
scoped within the stationary section, said sections the movable sections slidableindependently
sup-.
bottom
and
side
wall
and
to--v
upon
companion
sections
for
each having a top,
porting said‘movable sections for movement lon 45
gether adapted when expanded to form com
gitudinally and laterally of- said chassis with their
ponents of a closed housing, means upon the
45 movable sections slidable within guides upon
bottoms in relative spaced relation to\provide
compartments therebetween, seats fastened "to
companion sections for independently supporting
the sections said seats being so constructed and
to be folded against the bottoms of 50
, nally and laterally 0! said chassis with
. arranged as
the
sections
and
occupy the compartments when
toms in relative spaced relation to provide com
partments therebetween and seats fastened to' the sections are telescoped within each other, an
said seats being so constructed and upright projectionscreen arranged adjacent the
the sections to be ,folded against the bottoms oi end of one of the sections and a window'provided
arranged as
‘the sections
and to occupy the compartments
when the sections ‘are telescoped within each
in a wall of said last-mentioned section adjacent ,
3. A road vehicle adapted to serve as a portable
theatre comprising a wheeled chassis and a col
other.
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lapsible housing mounted upon said chassis, said
housing including a stationary section and at. ,
60
of the screen through which
be
projected
upon the screen' from
pictures may
exteriorly of the housing.
vand to the rear
LOUIS GORLENKOx
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