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Патент USA US2136141

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Nov. 8, 1938.
G. A. LOFTIN ET AL.
2,136,141
HINGE
Filed June 22, 1956
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Nov. 8, 1938.
a. A. LOFTIN ET AL
2,136,141
HINGE
Filed June 22, 1936
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Patented Nov. 8, 1938
2,136,141 I
' UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.‘
$136,141
HINGE
Grady A. Loftin and ram-ence- x. Lottin, Alta
viata, Va, assignors to The Lane Company, Inc.,
Altavistakvas a corporation of Virginia
Application June 22, 1936, Serial No. 86,652
10 Claims. (Cl. 16-142)
Figs. 2 and 3 are plan views of the hinge of the
This invention relates to a hinge and is par
ticularly directed to .a combined hinge and sup
port especially adapted for use on the lids of
chests and the like articles.
an
_
invention from the rear and the front of the
chest, respectively; and
'
The invention is particularly advantageous for
use on chests and the-like articles which are
constructed of or lined with cedar or, similar
aroma-emitting material. ' In order- to maintain
such chests in a substantially aroma-tight con
10 dition so as to ensure the effectiveness of the
chest in the killing of moths and similar insects
it has been found necessary to provide the chests
with various features designed to retain within
the chest the aroma given off by the cedar ma
terial. A particularly suitable means for this
purpose is the provision of resilient strip ma
terial between the lid and the.top of the body
in such a position that when the lid is fully
closed the resilient strip material is under a
substantial compression and effectively seals the
space between the lid and the body; However,
20
the compression necessary to obtain an adequate
sealing of the chest causes a tension to be placed
-
-
Figs. 4 and 5 are sectional elevations of the
hinge shown in Figs. 2 and 3 in open and closed 5
positions, respectively.
_
In Fig. 1, i represents the back, _2 the side and 3
the lid of a chest. The lid is provided ‘with
resilient sealing strips 5 of metal or other re
silient material, which in closed position of the 10
lid, contact with'the top edge of the body.
‘A spring lid lift device 20 including a spring
actuated arm 2i moving in track 22, more par
ticularly described in application Serial No. 86,653
?led June 22, 1936, is also advantageously pro- 15
vided.
The hinge 8 of the invention in the embodi
ment shown in the drawings is mounted with
one wing on the back side of the back of the
chest and the other wing on the under side of 20
the lid. Other. mountings may of course be used.
The hinge which is shown more fully in Figs.
‘2-5 comprises an upper or moving wing ill, a '
or stationary wing II and a pivot member
upon the hinges and other mechanical parts of ‘lower
J2. The lower or stationary wing comprises a web 25
»
'
25 the chest.
portion l3 and side portion 14 forming a box
_A further desirable featurevoi chests and like section. The web portion of the wing is bent
articles is'the provision of means for lifting the
lid of the chest upon releasing the latch or lock into the box section adjacentthe pivoting end
of the wing to form a stop ledge i5, while the
holding the lid in closed position. Such a de
corresponding ends of the side portions of the 30
vice
may
be
for
example
a
spring
lid
lift
mech
30
are continued into ears l6 which are bored
anism. The pressure of such devices against the wing
to
receive
pivot pin l2. The extreme edge ll of
lid of the chest likewise puts a considerable strain stop ledge I5 is shaped to frictionally engage a
on the hinge and tends to cause the leaves of the
portion of the movable wing as the hinge ap
hinge to warp and to pull apart at the pivot line. proaches
the fully open position and thus pro- 35
35 Such- a device also makes it very desirable to
provide some means for stopping and suppol'ting
vides a friction brake member which cushions
the lid in open position.
,One of the purposes of the‘ present invention
is to provide a hinge which will withstand the
the lid ?rmly in the open position so that a
strains put upon it when installed in an aroma
the chest by means of accidental bumping or
7
tight chest without warping or pulling apart at
the pivot line.
‘
A further purpose of the invention is the pro
vision of a hinge which will also act as a stop
45
or a stayhinge.
‘
_
'
Another purpose of the invention is to provide
a cedar chest assembly in which the various parts
cooperate to maintain a permanently aroma
tight chest which will also be easily accessible.
The invention will be more particularly de
50
scribed with reference to the accompanying
' drawings illustrating an embodiment of the in
vention.
In the drawings
Fig. l is a partial view of a chest assembly;
the stopping action of the stop ledge, and holds
fairly substantial pull is required to start the
closing movement, thus preventing closure of 40
jarring.
The upper or movable wing has its end adjacent
the pivot line formed into a box section. The
main portion l8 of this box section forms a 45
stop ‘ledge cooperating with the stop ledge I5 of
the stationary wing, while the side portions IQ
of the box section are bored similarly to cars i6
of the stationary wing to take pivot pin I2.
It will thus be seen that the new hinge em- 50
bodies a number of advantages and that it co
- operates with the other features of the chest
assembly to provide an easily and safely handled
aroma-tight chest construction.
The holding of the pivot pins, in extending at 65
2
8,186,141
right angles to the pivot line provides a strong
constructionocapable of resisting the strain im
posed upon the hinge by resilient sealing strips
and the spring lid lifts without warpingv or
loosening.
_
'
-
plane of the wing and means for pivotally joining
said wing members on a line parallel to andvoif
set from both of said ledge portions, whereby said
'Ihe hinge also provides a lid stop and hold
' ing device which is very convenient in the use
of chests and the like and which is particularly
advantageous when the chest is provided‘ with
a spring lid lift.
member having a ledge at one end thereof ex
tending forwardly perpendicularly to the major
It eliminates the use of a
ledge portions abut to form a stop in a predeter
mined open position of said hinge, one of said.‘
ledge portions being formed to frictionally engage
the other ledge portion as it approaches the pre
determined open position.
10
separate stopping device which would otherwise
. 7. A hinge comprising a pair of wing members, '
be necessary and which, in the forms usually
' one wing member having a ledge portion' at one
provided is both inconvenient and unsightly..
' The-invention is not limited to the particular
form shown and described for the purpose of
.‘illustration but may be given a wide variety of
shapes and arrangements without departing
, from the principles of_ the invention.
1. A hinge comprising a pair of wings, each of
said wings having a portion adjacent the pivot
line extending perpendicularly to the major plane
of the wing and parallel to the pivot line so as to
abut in a predetermined open position of the
_ hinge to form a stop one of said extending por
tions being shaped to frictionally engage a portion
of the other wing as it approaches the prede
termined open position.
the other wing having one end disposed between '
and pivoted to said‘ears and also having a ledge
portion extending substantially perpendicularly
We claim: “
20
end extending substantially perpendicularly to
the major plane of the wing and spaced ears pro
jecting beyond the plane of said ledge portion;
'
2. A hinge comprising a pair of wings each hav
ing a portion positioned to mutually abut in a
predetermined open position of the hinge to 'form
a stop and one of said abutting portions having
an extension adapted to frictionally engage the
other abutting portion as it approaches the pre
determined open position.
3. A hinge comprising a pair of wings each
having a portion positioned to mutually abut in
a predetermined open position of the hinge to
form a stop and one of said abutting portions
40 having a resilient extension adapted to friction
to the major plane of the wing and disposed be
tween the pivot line and the ledge portion on said 20
?rst mentioned wing in the open position of said
hinge so that said ledge-portions abut to form a
islijzop in a predetermined‘ open position, of said
nge.
'-
8. A hinge comprising
pair of wing members, 25
.
one wing member having‘ a ledge portion at one
end’ extending‘ substantially perpendicularly to
the madorlplane of the wing and spaced ears pro
jecting beyond the plane of said ledge portion;
the other wing having one end disposed between 30
and pivoted to said ears and also having a ledge
portion extending substantially perpendicularly
to the major plane of the wing and disposed be- tween the pivot line and the ledge portion on said
?rst mentioned wing in the open position of said 35
hinge so that said ledge portions abut to forms
stop in a predetermined, open position of said
hinge, one of said ledge portions being formed'to
frictionally engage the other ledge portion as it
approaches the predetermined open position.
ally engage the other abutting portion as it ap
40
9. In a hinge, a wing having an inturned end
proaches the predetermined open position.
?ange
and
side
portions
providing
ears
adjacent
4. A hinge comprising a pair of wing members > said end ?ange,
a second wing having inturned
each having a ledge portion at one end thereof ex
45 tending perpendicularly to the major plane of the side ?anges and an inturned end ?ange, the side
wing and means for pivotaly' joining said wing ?anges projecting longitudinally beyond the end '
members on a line parallel to and o?set from both ?ange to provide spaced ears embracing the ears
on said ?rst mentioned wing and pivotally con
of said ledge portions, whereby said ledge por
nected thereto,
tions abut to form a stop in a predetermined open
50 position of said hinge, one of said ledge portions
being formed to frictionally engage the other
ledge portion as it approaches the predetermined
open position.
v
5. A hinge comprising a pair of wing members.
55 one wing member having a ledge at one end
thereof extending rearwardly perpendicularly to
the major plane of said wing, the other wing
member having a ledge at one end thereof ex
tending forwardly perpendicularly to the major
60 plane of the wing and means for pivotally joining '
said wing members on ‘a line parallel to and o?'set
'iromv both of said ledge portions, whereby said
ledge portions abut to form a stop in a predeter
mined open position of said hinge.
65
.
6. A hinge comprising a pair of wing members,
one wing member having a ledge at one end
thereof extending rearwardly perpendicularlyto
the major plane of said wing, the other wing
said end ?anges being disposed -
on the same side of the pivot line, whereby said
end ?anges abut to form a stop in a predeter
mined open position of said hinge.
60
10. In a hinge, a wing having an inturned end
?ange and side portions providing ears adjacent
said end ?ange, a second wing having inturned
side ?anges and an inturned end ?ange, the side
?anges projecting longitudinally beyond the end 55
?ange to provide spaced ears embracing the ears
on said ?rst mentioned wing and pivotally con
nected thereto, said end ?anges being disposed on
the same side of the pivot line, whereby said end 60
?anges abut to form a stop in a predetermined
open position of said hinge, one of said end ?anges
being formed with a resilient portion arranged to
frictionally engage the other end ?ange as it ap
proaches the predetermined open position.
GRADY A. LOFI'IN.
LAURENCE K. mm.
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