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Патент USA US2136343

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Nov. 8, 1938.
2,136,343
A. A. JOHNSON
MAN IFOLDING
Filed Feb. 18, 1929
FEM
a.
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Patented Nov. 8, 1938
2,136,343
UNITED STATES PATENT OFF-ICE
2,136,343
I
MANIFOLDING
i
Arthur A. Johnson, Bridgeport, Conn., assignor
to Autographic Register Company, Hoboken,
N. J., a corporation of New Jersey
Application February 18, 1929, Serial No. 340,671
17 Claims. (Cl. 282-12)
5 '
This invention relates to manifolding, and more
particularly to a pile of continuous, worksheet
cordance with the present invention, showing the
strips and interleaved carbon strips to be used in
making original copies and duplicates thereof.
various strips torn away at certain points to more
clearly illustrate the structure of the underlying
Heretofore, in order to maintain the carbon
sheets in desired relation laterally with respect‘
to the worksheet strips, it was proposed to secure
. all of the strips, both worksheet strips and carbon
strips, together at intervals along the pile. Some
10 times this is not convenient or desirable, and ac
cordingly it has also been proposed to separately
secure, as by gumming for instance, each carbon
to one only of the worksheet strips between which
it lies.
15. This latter proposal is advantageous in practice.
Yet, since the worksheet and carbon strips are
gummed together, they must be separated by
, hand in ‘order to free the carbon strip of the
worksheets after the Writing has been performed
20 thereon.
An object of this invention is to provide means
for holding the carbon strip to its associated
worksheet strip against lateral movement without
actually securing or ?xedly connecting these
25 strips.
In accomplishing this object, the present in
vention'provides means which temporarily holds
the worksheet strip and the carbon strip to
gether and becomes inoperative to do so when
30 the strip is cut-up or severed into form lengths.
In the speci?c embodiment of the invention here
in illustrated as exemplary thereof, this means
35
40
45
50
55
Fig. 2 is a plan view of the pile made in ac
strips.
Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section of the pile shown
in Fig. 2, the thicknesses of the sheets being exag
gerated to more clearly show their arrangement.
Fig. 4 is like Fig. 3, but shows a modi?cation
of the structure shown in Fig. 3.
I
, Fig. 5 is a side view of a typewriter platen with
its cooperating paper apron, showing the manner
in which the pile is fed around the platen.
Fig. _6 is a plan view of a fragment of the ,
carbon strip I3 and worksheet strip l0, showing a
modi?ed form of fastening means in which the
unintentional withdrawal of the tongue in the
carbon strip from the slit in the worksheet strips
- is prevented.
~
The improved manifolding pack of the present
invention comprises a plurality of continuous
worksheet strips l0 each of which has a suc
cession of printed forms ll preferably separated
by lines of perforations l 2. Located between each
two adjacent strips in is a carbon or transfer 25
strip l3 through the‘ medium of which original
writing performed (either by hand or by type-_
writing machine) on the top strip I0 is repro
duced on the understrip H). To facilitate the
severing of one set of forms from that immediately
following, after the work has been completed on
the form, the carbon strip l3 also may be pro
comprises a physical alteration on one of the vided with lines of perforations l4 placed in regis
strips interlocking with a physical alteration on ter with the perforations l2 on the worksheets ID.
The pile of strips Ill and I! after being super 35
the other of the strips to prevent lateral move
ment of the carbon strip and worksheet strip " posed may be folded zig-zag at form length
relatively; and the physical alterations are pref
intervals along their respective lines of perfora
erably located on the line of severance ‘between tions l2 and I 4 to form a pack l5 shown in Fig.
printed forms on the, worksheet strip so as to 1,'or they may be folded at every second or third
have its interlocking function destroyed or rend
form within the scope of this invention if de 40
ered inoperative when the strips are severed into sired.
form lengths.
The worksheet strips l0, being physically sep
A further feature of this invention is the ar-' ,_arate strips and being unsecured together, are
preferably provided with suitable means for
rangement whereby the means used for attach
maintaining them in alignment and registration
ing the worksheet strip and carbon strip to
gether is utilized to facilitate the removal of the in the writing machine. This aligning means
carbon sheets from between the worksheets when may be of any known kind, for instance it may
the pile is severed into form or sheet lengths. be like that shown, which consists of marginal
In the accompanying drawing which illustrates rows ‘of aligning apertures I 6 provided in the
worksheets to be engaged, fed and aligned by 50
one form of the invention, that at present pre
pins I‘! on pin wheels I8 carried by a platen I!
ferred-.
‘
Figure l is a perspective view of a pack of of a typewriting machine, as shown in Fig. 5.
manifolding material made in accordance with The apertures It in the several worksheet strips
the present invention, the pile of strips being Ill have the same relation to the printing} on the
forms ll so that when the apertures are aligned 55
folded zig-zag to form a pack.
2
$186,348
the printing on one form it will register with
that on the other form it directly beneath it.
The carbon strip I3 is made narrower than the
worksheet strips Ill so that the side edges 20
thereof are inwardly removed .from the rows of
apertures l6, for it is not desired to have the
slit 22 in the worksheet strip I0, and since the
carbon strips provided with similar marginal
apertures. The carbon strip is made wide
worksheet strip I0, holds the carbon strip to the
enough to cover a zone of printing on the print
In the preferred form of the invention, the
tongue 2| is not gummed to the worksheet, al 10
though it may be if desired, but is loose relative
10 ed form H, and accordingly for the best results
some means must be provided for preventing the
lateral displacement of the carbon strip to such
an extent that the under copy is partially un
covered by the carbon strip, which would of
15 course result in the indicia written above the un
covered zone being omitted onthe under strip
It. It is also important to prevent lateral dis
placement of the carbon strip l3 to such an
extent that one of the edges 20 thereof may over
20 liev the apertures IS in the worksheet strips Ill.
If this should happen, the unperforated carbon
strip would prevent the pins from properly en
tering the worksheet strip above it and would
cause the worksheet strips to become torn and
25 balled-up, and thus jam the writing machine
against successful operation.
To obviate these di?iculties, it was heretofore
proposed to gum each carbon strip to one of the
two worksheets between which it lies and this
30 means is adequate for the purpose. However,
when this is done, the carbon and worksheet
strips must of necessity be separated by the
user to permit writing on the back of the form.
In addition to this being a separate hand oper
35 ation to be performed by the operator, a spot
slit is substantially the width of the tongue, the
side edges 23 of the tongue engage the ends 24
of the slit and prevent lateral movement of the
carbon strip i3 and worksheet strip l0 relatively.
The tongue 2|, lying as it does on the face of the
latter against accidentally falling apart.
thereto, and thus considerable longitudinal
movement of the carbon strip'|3 and worksheet
strip I0 is permitted without there being any
tendency for the strips to be torn.
If it is desired to prevent any such longitudi
nal movement of the one strip relatively to the
other, the side edges 23a of the tongue 22a, as
shown in Fig. 6, may be made to project beyond
the end 24 of the slit 22, in which case a project
20
ing shoulder 23b will prevent retrograde move
ment of the tongue through the slit 22. The
tongue 2| a may be inserted in the slit 2?.” which
is somewhat narrower than the greatest width
of the tongue by bending or buckling the tongue 25
while inserting it.
The slit 22 and the base 25 of the tongue 2|
are preferably coincident with the lines of per
forations l2 and II? respectively on the work~
sheet strip l0 and carbon strip It, as shown in 30
the accompanying drawing. This arrangement
facilitates the insertion of the tongue through
the slit because the slit and tongue occur on
the line of fold when the pile is zig-zag folded
35
to form a pack i5.v
of glue is usually left on the worksheet and
The arrangement referred to also has other
sometimes a piece of carbon paper adheres to
the back of the worksheet. Moreover, it some
times occurs in separating the carbon and work
advantages, one of these being that by so plac
ing the interlocking tongue 2| and slit 22 on the
lines of perforations I4 and I2, when the strips
sheets which are gummed together that the ' are severed into form lengths, the slit is cut‘in 40
‘worksheet is inadvertently torn, although if the half, 1. e. opened, and the tongue thus is com
separating operation is carefully done, this does pletely free of the worksheet, the interlocking
not occur.
relation or fastening of the worksheet and car
An object of the present invention is to retain
45 the advantageousfeatures of the gummed pile
of worksheets and carbon sheets and yet permit
‘the easy removal of the carbon sheet from the
worksheets when the strips are torn into form or
sheet lengths. Actually, according to the pres
50 ent invention, the fastening means is automatic
in this respect, and without attention on the
part of the operator does become inoperative to
hold the sheets together when the sheet lengths
are severed from their strips.
In its more speci?c aspect, the fastening
55
means of the present invention, as stated above,
comprises physical alteration of one of the strips
interlocking; with physical alteration on the
other of the strips, and, when thus interlocked,
60 these physical alterations prevent the carbon
strip l3 and worksheet strip l0 from laterally
moving relative to each other.
'
In the embodiment of the invention herein
shown as exemplary thereof, the physical a1
65 terations in the carbon strip comprise a series
of tongues 2| cut from the carbon strip l3; and
those in the worksheet strip l0 consist of a se
ries of slits 22. As shown, the tongues 2| and
slits 22 are arranged at form length intervals,
70 so that there is one tongue and one slit for each
form length of the carbon strip and worksheet
strip respectively.
'
When the strips are brought together in su
perposed relation to form a pile, each tongue 2|
75 in the carbon strip I3 is passed through the
bon sheet being rendered inoperative or de
stroyed. Hence it will be noted, that when the 45
pile is severed into form lengths, the operator
does not have to tear or pull the worksheet and
carbon sheet apart, as is the case when these
two are gummed together.
Moreover, by having the base 25 of the tongue 50
2| located on the line of severance, the removal
of the carbon sheet from between the two forms
||, after the forms and carbon sheets are sepa
rated from their strips, is facilitated, for at one
end of each carbon sheet so severed is a notch 55
26 resulting from the cutting out of the tongue
2| therefrom, while at the other end of the
carbon sheet the tongue 2| projects beyond the
edges of the worksheets. By grasping the work
sheets at the point directly under the notch 26 60
with the ?ngers
with the ?ngers
the hands apart,
sheet is stripped
of one hand and the tongue 2|
of the other hand and pulling
by a single operation the carbon
from between the forms It.
Thus, by the present invention, I have provided 65
means for fastening the carbon strip to the work
sheet strip, and have also so arranged the fas
tening means that said means has the additional
function of facilitating the removal of the carbon
sheets from between the forms after the work 70
has been completed. In this respect, the pres
ent invention is to be considered an improvement
on my copending application, Serial No. 332,063,
?led January 12, 1929, in which there is described
and claimed means for facilitating the removal 75
3
2,136,843
of certain sheets from other sheets with which
they are interleaved.
It is preferable that the tongue be so formed
versely disposed lines of perforations dividing the
strip into form lengths, and a portion of each
line of perforations being constituted by a slit,
that its base or root 25 is in advance of its tip _ said carbon strip having a. tongue cut therefrom
21 in the direction of travel of the pile of strips. and adapted to project through said slit.
This is shown in Fig. 3, in which the travel of
the strip‘ is indicated by the arrow A.
If the direction of travel is reversed, as shown
in Fig. 4 by the arrow B, then the tongues should
10 be provided with a straight angle bend at 28 so
that they will, not withstanding the change of
5. A manifolding pile comprising a continuous
worksheet strip and a carbon strip of the same
length running therewith in superposed relation,
said strips being provided with transverse lines of
perforations dividing the strips into form lengths, 10
and the lines of perforations in one of said strips
direction of travel, lie with the roots 25 in advance , including in each a slit, the other of said strips
of the tips 21.
This is done so as to prevent the
tongues from catching onto anything in entering
or passing through the writing machine during
its feeding operation.
.
r
The tongue 2| and slit 2! have been described
as being formed in the carbon strip l3 and ‘the
worksheet strip l0 respectively. But, it should be
20 understood that the arrangement may be re
versed vwithout departing from the spirit and
scope of this invention, and the tongue may be
provided in the worksheet strip while the slit is
provided in the carbon sheet strip. This latter
25 arrangement, however, is not so preferable as
the other, because the worksheet strip would of
necessity be imperfect or irregular, having at one
'end a notch and at the other end a tongue--at
times an undesired condition.
30
Variations and modifications may be made
within the scope of this invention and portions
having a tongue, to enter each of said slits, cut
from the strip and having the base of the tongue
coinciding with the line of perforations in the 15
strip containing the tongue, the tongue on one
strip being adapted to interlock with the slit in
the other strip.
4
6. A manifolding pile comprising a plurality of
continuous worksheet strips having a succession 20
of form-lengths separated by lines'of severance
and a carbon strip-between each two adjacent .»
worksheet strips running therewith in super
posed relation, and tongues for holding the car
bon strip to one of the worksheets of the two 25
between which it lies during the ?lling-in of a
form printed on the worksheet strip,-said tongues
extending over said lines of severance and being
operative after the worksheet strips and carbon
strips are severed into form lengths to facilitate 30
the quick removal of" the resulting carbon sheet
or the improvements may be used without others. , from between the two resulting worksheets.
Having thus- described the invention, what is
'7. A manifolding pile comprising a plurality
claimed as new and for which it is desired to ob-' of worksheet strips each' divided into form
35 tain Letters Patent, is:—
lengths by transverse lines of severance; a car 35
1. A manifolding pile comprising a continuous ' bon strip for each two worksheet strips located
worksheet strip and a carbon strip of the same
length running therewith in superposed relation,
one of said strips having tongues formed thereon
40 at intervals therealong and extending longitu
dinally thereof, and the other of said strips hav
ing a slot for each tongue on the other strip
adapted to interlock with said tongue, said
tongues and slots when interlocked preventing
45 lateral movement of the worksheet strip and the
carbon strip relatively and yet permitting‘ easy
separation of the strips from each other.
2. A manifolding pile comprising a continuous
worksheet strip and a carbon strip, or the same
50 length running therewith in superposed relation,
one of said strips having a series of tongues cut
from the material thereof at intervals therealong
and the other of said strips having a series of
,slots cut therein, each of said tongues being
55 adapted to project through one of said slots to
hold the carbon strip and the worksheet strip
against relative lateral movement and yet per
qmltting easy separation of" the strips from each
other.
60
.
3. A manifolding pile comprising a continuous
worksheet strip and a carbon strip of the same
length running therewith in superposed relation,
and means including a part of one of said strips
cooperating with a part of theother of said strips
between the latter of the same length and run
ning with the worksheet strips in superposed
relation, said carbon strip being provided with
transverse lines of severance in registration with.
the. lines of severance in the worksheet strips;
and means on the carbon strip and on one of
said worksheet strips interlocking, to hold the
carbon strip and worksheet strip together, said
means comprising 'a tongue formed on one of
the two last-named strips and having its base
located at the line of severance of that strip,
said tongue, and the notch resulting from the
cutting-out of said tongue, constituting means
for facilitating the removal of the carbon sheet
from between the workshet strips after the strips
are severed into sheets.
8. A 'manifolding pile comprising a plurality
‘of continuous worksheet strips'having a succes
sion of form lengths separated by lines of sever
55
ance and a carbon strip between each two adja
cent worksheet strips running therewith in. super
posed relation, and means located on the lines
of severance for holding the carbon strip to
one of the worksheets of the two between which
it lies during the ?lling-in of a form printed on
the worksheet strip,’ said means including a
tongue on the carbon strip protruding beyond
the worksheets and operative after the work
65 for holding said strips together, the worksheet
sheet strips and carbon strips are severed into
strip being provided with lines of severance at form lengths to facilitate the quick removal of
form length intervals therealong, and said means the resulting carbon sheet from between the .two
being located on a line of severance so as to be resulting worksheets.
rendered inoperative to hold the strips together
9. A manifolding pile comprising a plurality
when said worksheet strip is separated into form of continuous worksheet strips having a suc 70
lengths along said line of severance.
cession of form lengths separated by lines 01'
4. ‘A manifolding pile comprising a continuous severance and a carbon strip between each two
worksheet strip and a carbon strip of the same adjacent worksheet strips running therewith in
length running therewith in superposed relation, superposed relation, and means for holding the
75 said worksheet strip being provided with trans
carbon strip to one of the worksheets of the two
4
2,136,343
between which it lies during the ?lling-in of a
form printed on the worksheet strip, said means
including a tongue cut out of the carbon strip
and extending. over the line of severance, the
notch resulting from the formation of said
tongue underlying the worksheet strip and oper
ative after the worksheet strips and carbon
strips are ‘severed into form lengths to facilitate
the quick removal of the resulting carbon sheet
10 from between the two resulting worksheets.
10. A manifolding pile comprising a plural
ity of superposed strips, said strips having a
plurality of connections with each other ar
ranged at intervals longitudinally thereof and
15 including tongues on one of the strips and slots
in the other by means of which the strips are
interlocked for movement together, one of the
strips having tongues alone and the other of the
strips having slots alone.
20
11. A manifolding pile comprising a plurality
of superposed strips, said strips having a plural
ity of connections with each other arranged
at intervals'longitudinally thereof and including
tongues on one of the strips and slots in the
25 other by means of which the strips are inter
locked for movement together, said strips hav
ing transverse lines of severance at intervals
longitudinally thereof, and said slots being lo
cated on the lines of severance to be made in
30 operative to hold the tongues when the strips
are separated along said lines of severance.
12. A manifolding pile comprising a plurality
of superposed strips, said strips having a plural-'
. ity of connections with each other arranged
35 at intervals longitudinally thereof and includ
ing tongues on one of the strips and slots in the
other by means of which the‘ strips are inter
locked for'movement together, said tongues ex
tending through said slots and each forming a
straight angle with the portion of the strip to
which it is attached.
13. A manifolding pile comprising a plurality
of superposed strips, said strips having a plural
ity of connections with each other arranged at
intervals longitudinally thereof and including
tongues on one of the strips and slots in the
other by means of which the strips are inter
locked for movement together, said tongues ex"
tending longitudinally of the strips and through
said slots and each being folded back so as to
overlie a portion of the strip to which it is
attached.
10
.
14. A manifolding pile comprising a plurality
of superposed strips, said strips having a plural
ity of connections with each other arranged at
intervals longitudinally thereof and including
tongues on one of the strips and slots in the other
by means of which the strips are interlocked for
movement together, said tongues each having
a portion protruding through the slot wider than
the latter to prevent withdrawal of the tongue
through the slot.
15. superposed record strips and a transfer
strip interleaved with adjacent record strips,
said strips being divided by transverse weaken
ing lines into a succession of registered record
sheets and interposed transfer sheets, the weak
ening lines of the transfer strip being each inter
rupted to form segments, such segments being
joined by an incision shaped to form a tab.
16. superposed record strips divided at inter
vals by registering lines to form sets of super
posed record sheets, and a transfer strip be
30
tween adjacent record strips, the transfer strip
at like intervals having segmental weakening
lines and a supplementary incision angularly
terminating at the adjacent ends of such seg
mental lines.
35
o
17. A transfer strip divided by weakening lines
to form a succession of transfer sheets, each
line including separate segments joined by an
incision shaped to form a tab.
40
ARTHUR A. JOHNSON.
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