Патент USA US2136343код для вставки
Nov. 8, 1938. 2,136,343 A. A. JOHNSON MAN IFOLDING Filed Feb. 18, 1929 FEM a. 0 a O Patented Nov. 8, 1938 2,136,343 UNITED STATES PATENT OFF-ICE 2,136,343 I MANIFOLDING i Arthur A. Johnson, Bridgeport, Conn., assignor to Autographic Register Company, Hoboken, N. J., a corporation of New Jersey Application February 18, 1929, Serial No. 340,671 17 Claims. (Cl. 282-12) 5 ' This invention relates to manifolding, and more particularly to a pile of continuous, worksheet cordance with the present invention, showing the strips and interleaved carbon strips to be used in making original copies and duplicates thereof. various strips torn away at certain points to more clearly illustrate the structure of the underlying Heretofore, in order to maintain the carbon sheets in desired relation laterally with respect‘ to the worksheet strips, it was proposed to secure . all of the strips, both worksheet strips and carbon strips, together at intervals along the pile. Some 10 times this is not convenient or desirable, and ac cordingly it has also been proposed to separately secure, as by gumming for instance, each carbon to one only of the worksheet strips between which it lies. 15. This latter proposal is advantageous in practice. Yet, since the worksheet and carbon strips are gummed together, they must be separated by , hand in ‘order to free the carbon strip of the worksheets after the Writing has been performed 20 thereon. An object of this invention is to provide means for holding the carbon strip to its associated worksheet strip against lateral movement without actually securing or ?xedly connecting these 25 strips. In accomplishing this object, the present in vention'provides means which temporarily holds the worksheet strip and the carbon strip to gether and becomes inoperative to do so when 30 the strip is cut-up or severed into form lengths. In the speci?c embodiment of the invention here in illustrated as exemplary thereof, this means 35 40 45 50 55 Fig. 2 is a plan view of the pile made in ac strips. Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section of the pile shown in Fig. 2, the thicknesses of the sheets being exag gerated to more clearly show their arrangement. Fig. 4 is like Fig. 3, but shows a modi?cation of the structure shown in Fig. 3. I , Fig. 5 is a side view of a typewriter platen with its cooperating paper apron, showing the manner in which the pile is fed around the platen. Fig. _6 is a plan view of a fragment of the , carbon strip I3 and worksheet strip l0, showing a modi?ed form of fastening means in which the unintentional withdrawal of the tongue in the carbon strip from the slit in the worksheet strips - is prevented. ~ The improved manifolding pack of the present invention comprises a plurality of continuous worksheet strips l0 each of which has a suc cession of printed forms ll preferably separated by lines of perforations l 2. Located between each two adjacent strips in is a carbon or transfer 25 strip l3 through the‘ medium of which original writing performed (either by hand or by type-_ writing machine) on the top strip I0 is repro duced on the understrip H). To facilitate the severing of one set of forms from that immediately following, after the work has been completed on the form, the carbon strip l3 also may be pro comprises a physical alteration on one of the vided with lines of perforations l4 placed in regis strips interlocking with a physical alteration on ter with the perforations l2 on the worksheets ID. The pile of strips Ill and I! after being super 35 the other of the strips to prevent lateral move ment of the carbon strip and worksheet strip " posed may be folded zig-zag at form length relatively; and the physical alterations are pref intervals along their respective lines of perfora erably located on the line of severance ‘between tions l2 and I 4 to form a pack l5 shown in Fig. printed forms on the, worksheet strip so as to 1,'or they may be folded at every second or third have its interlocking function destroyed or rend form within the scope of this invention if de 40 ered inoperative when the strips are severed into sired. form lengths. The worksheet strips l0, being physically sep A further feature of this invention is the ar-' ,_arate strips and being unsecured together, are preferably provided with suitable means for rangement whereby the means used for attach maintaining them in alignment and registration ing the worksheet strip and carbon strip to gether is utilized to facilitate the removal of the in the writing machine. This aligning means carbon sheets from between the worksheets when may be of any known kind, for instance it may the pile is severed into form or sheet lengths. be like that shown, which consists of marginal In the accompanying drawing which illustrates rows ‘of aligning apertures I 6 provided in the worksheets to be engaged, fed and aligned by 50 one form of the invention, that at present pre pins I‘! on pin wheels I8 carried by a platen I! ferred-. ‘ Figure l is a perspective view of a pack of of a typewriting machine, as shown in Fig. 5. manifolding material made in accordance with The apertures It in the several worksheet strips the present invention, the pile of strips being Ill have the same relation to the printing} on the forms ll so that when the apertures are aligned 55 folded zig-zag to form a pack. 2 $186,348 the printing on one form it will register with that on the other form it directly beneath it. The carbon strip I3 is made narrower than the worksheet strips Ill so that the side edges 20 thereof are inwardly removed .from the rows of apertures l6, for it is not desired to have the slit 22 in the worksheet strip I0, and since the carbon strips provided with similar marginal apertures. The carbon strip is made wide worksheet strip I0, holds the carbon strip to the enough to cover a zone of printing on the print In the preferred form of the invention, the tongue 2| is not gummed to the worksheet, al 10 though it may be if desired, but is loose relative 10 ed form H, and accordingly for the best results some means must be provided for preventing the lateral displacement of the carbon strip to such an extent that the under copy is partially un covered by the carbon strip, which would of 15 course result in the indicia written above the un covered zone being omitted onthe under strip It. It is also important to prevent lateral dis placement of the carbon strip l3 to such an extent that one of the edges 20 thereof may over 20 liev the apertures IS in the worksheet strips Ill. If this should happen, the unperforated carbon strip would prevent the pins from properly en tering the worksheet strip above it and would cause the worksheet strips to become torn and 25 balled-up, and thus jam the writing machine against successful operation. To obviate these di?iculties, it was heretofore proposed to gum each carbon strip to one of the two worksheets between which it lies and this 30 means is adequate for the purpose. However, when this is done, the carbon and worksheet strips must of necessity be separated by the user to permit writing on the back of the form. In addition to this being a separate hand oper 35 ation to be performed by the operator, a spot slit is substantially the width of the tongue, the side edges 23 of the tongue engage the ends 24 of the slit and prevent lateral movement of the carbon strip i3 and worksheet strip l0 relatively. The tongue 2|, lying as it does on the face of the latter against accidentally falling apart. thereto, and thus considerable longitudinal movement of the carbon strip'|3 and worksheet strip I0 is permitted without there being any tendency for the strips to be torn. If it is desired to prevent any such longitudi nal movement of the one strip relatively to the other, the side edges 23a of the tongue 22a, as shown in Fig. 6, may be made to project beyond the end 24 of the slit 22, in which case a project 20 ing shoulder 23b will prevent retrograde move ment of the tongue through the slit 22. The tongue 2| a may be inserted in the slit 2?.” which is somewhat narrower than the greatest width of the tongue by bending or buckling the tongue 25 while inserting it. The slit 22 and the base 25 of the tongue 2| are preferably coincident with the lines of per forations l2 and II? respectively on the work~ sheet strip l0 and carbon strip It, as shown in 30 the accompanying drawing. This arrangement facilitates the insertion of the tongue through the slit because the slit and tongue occur on the line of fold when the pile is zig-zag folded 35 to form a pack i5.v of glue is usually left on the worksheet and The arrangement referred to also has other sometimes a piece of carbon paper adheres to the back of the worksheet. Moreover, it some times occurs in separating the carbon and work advantages, one of these being that by so plac ing the interlocking tongue 2| and slit 22 on the lines of perforations I4 and I2, when the strips sheets which are gummed together that the ' are severed into form lengths, the slit is cut‘in 40 ‘worksheet is inadvertently torn, although if the half, 1. e. opened, and the tongue thus is com separating operation is carefully done, this does pletely free of the worksheet, the interlocking not occur. relation or fastening of the worksheet and car An object of the present invention is to retain 45 the advantageousfeatures of the gummed pile of worksheets and carbon sheets and yet permit ‘the easy removal of the carbon sheet from the worksheets when the strips are torn into form or sheet lengths. Actually, according to the pres 50 ent invention, the fastening means is automatic in this respect, and without attention on the part of the operator does become inoperative to hold the sheets together when the sheet lengths are severed from their strips. In its more speci?c aspect, the fastening 55 means of the present invention, as stated above, comprises physical alteration of one of the strips interlocking; with physical alteration on the other of the strips, and, when thus interlocked, 60 these physical alterations prevent the carbon strip l3 and worksheet strip l0 from laterally moving relative to each other. ' In the embodiment of the invention herein shown as exemplary thereof, the physical a1 65 terations in the carbon strip comprise a series of tongues 2| cut from the carbon strip l3; and those in the worksheet strip l0 consist of a se ries of slits 22. As shown, the tongues 2| and slits 22 are arranged at form length intervals, 70 so that there is one tongue and one slit for each form length of the carbon strip and worksheet strip respectively. ' When the strips are brought together in su perposed relation to form a pile, each tongue 2| 75 in the carbon strip I3 is passed through the bon sheet being rendered inoperative or de stroyed. Hence it will be noted, that when the 45 pile is severed into form lengths, the operator does not have to tear or pull the worksheet and carbon sheet apart, as is the case when these two are gummed together. Moreover, by having the base 25 of the tongue 50 2| located on the line of severance, the removal of the carbon sheet from between the two forms ||, after the forms and carbon sheets are sepa rated from their strips, is facilitated, for at one end of each carbon sheet so severed is a notch 55 26 resulting from the cutting out of the tongue 2| therefrom, while at the other end of the carbon sheet the tongue 2| projects beyond the edges of the worksheets. By grasping the work sheets at the point directly under the notch 26 60 with the ?ngers with the ?ngers the hands apart, sheet is stripped of one hand and the tongue 2| of the other hand and pulling by a single operation the carbon from between the forms It. Thus, by the present invention, I have provided 65 means for fastening the carbon strip to the work sheet strip, and have also so arranged the fas tening means that said means has the additional function of facilitating the removal of the carbon sheets from between the forms after the work 70 has been completed. In this respect, the pres ent invention is to be considered an improvement on my copending application, Serial No. 332,063, ?led January 12, 1929, in which there is described and claimed means for facilitating the removal 75 3 2,136,843 of certain sheets from other sheets with which they are interleaved. It is preferable that the tongue be so formed versely disposed lines of perforations dividing the strip into form lengths, and a portion of each line of perforations being constituted by a slit, that its base or root 25 is in advance of its tip _ said carbon strip having a. tongue cut therefrom 21 in the direction of travel of the pile of strips. and adapted to project through said slit. This is shown in Fig. 3, in which the travel of the strip‘ is indicated by the arrow A. If the direction of travel is reversed, as shown in Fig. 4 by the arrow B, then the tongues should 10 be provided with a straight angle bend at 28 so that they will, not withstanding the change of 5. A manifolding pile comprising a continuous worksheet strip and a carbon strip of the same length running therewith in superposed relation, said strips being provided with transverse lines of perforations dividing the strips into form lengths, 10 and the lines of perforations in one of said strips direction of travel, lie with the roots 25 in advance , including in each a slit, the other of said strips of the tips 21. This is done so as to prevent the tongues from catching onto anything in entering or passing through the writing machine during its feeding operation. . r The tongue 2| and slit 2! have been described as being formed in the carbon strip l3 and ‘the worksheet strip l0 respectively. But, it should be 20 understood that the arrangement may be re versed vwithout departing from the spirit and scope of this invention, and the tongue may be provided in the worksheet strip while the slit is provided in the carbon sheet strip. This latter 25 arrangement, however, is not so preferable as the other, because the worksheet strip would of necessity be imperfect or irregular, having at one 'end a notch and at the other end a tongue--at times an undesired condition. 30 Variations and modifications may be made within the scope of this invention and portions having a tongue, to enter each of said slits, cut from the strip and having the base of the tongue coinciding with the line of perforations in the 15 strip containing the tongue, the tongue on one strip being adapted to interlock with the slit in the other strip. 4 6. A manifolding pile comprising a plurality of continuous worksheet strips having a succession 20 of form-lengths separated by lines'of severance and a carbon strip-between each two adjacent .» worksheet strips running therewith in super posed relation, and tongues for holding the car bon strip to one of the worksheets of the two 25 between which it lies during the ?lling-in of a form printed on the worksheet strip,-said tongues extending over said lines of severance and being operative after the worksheet strips and carbon strips are severed into form lengths to facilitate 30 the quick removal of" the resulting carbon sheet or the improvements may be used without others. , from between the two resulting worksheets. Having thus- described the invention, what is '7. A manifolding pile comprising a plurality claimed as new and for which it is desired to ob-' of worksheet strips each' divided into form 35 tain Letters Patent, is:— lengths by transverse lines of severance; a car 35 1. A manifolding pile comprising a continuous ' bon strip for each two worksheet strips located worksheet strip and a carbon strip of the same length running therewith in superposed relation, one of said strips having tongues formed thereon 40 at intervals therealong and extending longitu dinally thereof, and the other of said strips hav ing a slot for each tongue on the other strip adapted to interlock with said tongue, said tongues and slots when interlocked preventing 45 lateral movement of the worksheet strip and the carbon strip relatively and yet permitting‘ easy separation of the strips from each other. 2. A manifolding pile comprising a continuous worksheet strip and a carbon strip, or the same 50 length running therewith in superposed relation, one of said strips having a series of tongues cut from the material thereof at intervals therealong and the other of said strips having a series of ,slots cut therein, each of said tongues being 55 adapted to project through one of said slots to hold the carbon strip and the worksheet strip against relative lateral movement and yet per qmltting easy separation of" the strips from each other. 60 . 3. A manifolding pile comprising a continuous worksheet strip and a carbon strip of the same length running therewith in superposed relation, and means including a part of one of said strips cooperating with a part of theother of said strips between the latter of the same length and run ning with the worksheet strips in superposed relation, said carbon strip being provided with transverse lines of severance in registration with. the. lines of severance in the worksheet strips; and means on the carbon strip and on one of said worksheet strips interlocking, to hold the carbon strip and worksheet strip together, said means comprising 'a tongue formed on one of the two last-named strips and having its base located at the line of severance of that strip, said tongue, and the notch resulting from the cutting-out of said tongue, constituting means for facilitating the removal of the carbon sheet from between the workshet strips after the strips are severed into sheets. 8. A 'manifolding pile comprising a plurality ‘of continuous worksheet strips'having a succes sion of form lengths separated by lines of sever 55 ance and a carbon strip between each two adja cent worksheet strips running therewith in. super posed relation, and means located on the lines of severance for holding the carbon strip to one of the worksheets of the two between which it lies during the ?lling-in of a form printed on the worksheet strip,’ said means including a tongue on the carbon strip protruding beyond the worksheets and operative after the work 65 for holding said strips together, the worksheet sheet strips and carbon strips are severed into strip being provided with lines of severance at form lengths to facilitate the quick removal of form length intervals therealong, and said means the resulting carbon sheet from between the .two being located on a line of severance so as to be resulting worksheets. rendered inoperative to hold the strips together 9. A manifolding pile comprising a plurality when said worksheet strip is separated into form of continuous worksheet strips having a suc 70 lengths along said line of severance. cession of form lengths separated by lines 01' 4. ‘A manifolding pile comprising a continuous severance and a carbon strip between each two worksheet strip and a carbon strip of the same adjacent worksheet strips running therewith in length running therewith in superposed relation, superposed relation, and means for holding the 75 said worksheet strip being provided with trans carbon strip to one of the worksheets of the two 4 2,136,343 between which it lies during the ?lling-in of a form printed on the worksheet strip, said means including a tongue cut out of the carbon strip and extending. over the line of severance, the notch resulting from the formation of said tongue underlying the worksheet strip and oper ative after the worksheet strips and carbon strips are ‘severed into form lengths to facilitate the quick removal of the resulting carbon sheet 10 from between the two resulting worksheets. 10. A manifolding pile comprising a plural ity of superposed strips, said strips having a plurality of connections with each other ar ranged at intervals longitudinally thereof and 15 including tongues on one of the strips and slots in the other by means of which the strips are interlocked for movement together, one of the strips having tongues alone and the other of the strips having slots alone. 20 11. A manifolding pile comprising a plurality of superposed strips, said strips having a plural ity of connections with each other arranged at intervals'longitudinally thereof and including tongues on one of the strips and slots in the 25 other by means of which the strips are inter locked for movement together, said strips hav ing transverse lines of severance at intervals longitudinally thereof, and said slots being lo cated on the lines of severance to be made in 30 operative to hold the tongues when the strips are separated along said lines of severance. 12. A manifolding pile comprising a plurality of superposed strips, said strips having a plural-' . ity of connections with each other arranged 35 at intervals longitudinally thereof and includ ing tongues on one of the strips and slots in the other by means of which the‘ strips are inter locked for'movement together, said tongues ex tending through said slots and each forming a straight angle with the portion of the strip to which it is attached. 13. A manifolding pile comprising a plurality of superposed strips, said strips having a plural ity of connections with each other arranged at intervals longitudinally thereof and including tongues on one of the strips and slots in the other by means of which the strips are inter locked for movement together, said tongues ex" tending longitudinally of the strips and through said slots and each being folded back so as to overlie a portion of the strip to which it is attached. 10 . 14. A manifolding pile comprising a plurality of superposed strips, said strips having a plural ity of connections with each other arranged at intervals longitudinally thereof and including tongues on one of the strips and slots in the other by means of which the strips are interlocked for movement together, said tongues each having a portion protruding through the slot wider than the latter to prevent withdrawal of the tongue through the slot. 15. superposed record strips and a transfer strip interleaved with adjacent record strips, said strips being divided by transverse weaken ing lines into a succession of registered record sheets and interposed transfer sheets, the weak ening lines of the transfer strip being each inter rupted to form segments, such segments being joined by an incision shaped to form a tab. 16. superposed record strips divided at inter vals by registering lines to form sets of super posed record sheets, and a transfer strip be 30 tween adjacent record strips, the transfer strip at like intervals having segmental weakening lines and a supplementary incision angularly terminating at the adjacent ends of such seg mental lines. 35 o 17. A transfer strip divided by weakening lines to form a succession of transfer sheets, each line including separate segments joined by an incision shaped to form a tab. 40 ARTHUR A. JOHNSON.