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Патент USA US2136671

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Nov. 15, 1938.
2,136,671
‘r. M/BUTLER
BUSINESS MACHINE
Filed June 14, 1937
4 Sheets-Sheet l
'
.
INVENTOR
Thomas MBUT
ATTORNEYS
Nov. 15, 1938.‘
I‘
T. M. BUTLER
2,136,671
'
‘BUSINESS MACHINE‘
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
Filed June _ 14, 1937
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INVENTOR
BY Thomas NBuf/er
ATTORNEYS
Nov. 15, 1938.
T. M. BUTLER
2,136,671
BUSINESS MACHINE
Filed June 14, 1937
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Nov.‘ 15, 1938511
2,135,671 ,
_ 'r. M. BUTLER‘ -
BuS‘mEss MACHINE
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
' Filed June 14, 1937
.
INVENTOR
_
_
BIhomas MBuTler
ATTORNEYS
Patented Nov. 1'5’, 1938
2,136,671
UNITED STATES2,136.6‘11,PATENT
OFFICE
BUSINESS MACHINE
Thomas M. Butler, Detroit, Mich., assignor to
Burroughs Adding Machine Company, Detroit, ,
Mich., a corporation of Michigan
‘Application June 14, 1937, Serial No. 148,084
10
51 Claims. (Cl. 197-126)
This invention pertains to a continuous or with the remaining webs and carbons in position
manifold billing mechanism for use with type
to be fed to the platen for typing upon a new sec
writers and calculating machines for making a tion; and
large number of copies, usually bills, the forms vfor
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary detail of the latch
which may be supplied in continuous strips or mechanism for retaining the carbon carrier in re- 5
webs, either from rolls or folded webs.
\ tracted position.
One of the main problems in continuous multié
In, order that the construction may be more
ple billing is to make a su?iciently large number easily understood as it is described, a brief outline
of copies in such a manner that each typed set of the mode of operation will be given.
of forms can be easily detached from the webs of
which it forms a part and in such a manner that
Outline of operation
the relative'positions of the carbons‘and webs may
be quickly and. easily changed in order that the
In order to simplify the drawings, only three
webs or web plies have been illustrated. This will
'
"
10
next set of forms, or section of the webs, may be
provide a set of forms comprising an original and
used. Many different devices have been produced
for accomplishing this result, but most, if not‘ all
two carbons, it being understood that sheets of 15‘
carbon will‘ be interleaved between the ?rst and
second, and between the second and third, plies
of them, require too many manual operations that‘
slow up the work.
or webs. It will also be understood that more
One of the main purposes of this invention is webs and carbons can be, and frequently are, used.
to provide a continuous billing mechanism that is The webs are ‘supported at the rear of the machine 20
almost entirely automatic, so~that the work re
and fed upwardly and over certain portions of
quired of the operator is reduced to a minimum the continuous billing mechanism to the platen of
and speed of operation is increased.
I
the machine.
Another object is to provide a continuous bill
Figure 1 shows the webs and carbons in posi
ing mechanism ‘in which many of the parts are, tion for the operator to start typing. In this 25
power operated so that the operator‘ is relieved of position, said webs and carbons are held about
the work of‘ actuating the mechanism.
the platen with their forward ends above the
A better understanding of the invention will - printing line, and with their forward portions held
be obtained from the following description of one in substantially vertical position by a front set
embodiment thereof which is illustrated in the of auxiliary pressure rolls that engage them above 30
drawings, in which
'
' ‘
_
the printing line of the platen. The webs and
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a continuous
billing mechanism constructed in accordance with
the invention and applied to a typewriter. The
35 mechanism is illustrated in what may be termed
a starting position, that is, where typing and
printing operations are to begin on a new set of
forms;
'
-
-
_
Fig. 2 is ,a right side elevation of the forward
40 portion of the mechanism illustrating'the parts
carbons extend rearwardly from the platen over
a'movable carrier to which the rear ends of the
carbons are attached and which is urged rear
ward away from the platen. This carrier places
su?lcient tension on the carbons and webs to hold
them in proper position but yields to feeding
movements of the platen to permit line spacing.
The carrier supports the webs and carbons'in a
in position after typing operations have been
plane above the level of the platen, the front ends 40
of the webs and carbons being bent downward to
completed upon a set of forms and after the forms
have been freed and retracted from the platen;
pass .about said platen...
_
-
After typing has been completed upon a set
Fig. 3 is a right side elevation of a portion of of forms, that is, upon a section of the webs,
45 the mechanism, and illustrates the form carrier ' the‘paper carriage is returned to the right of the 4;
latched in retracted or rearward position and the machine as viewed from the front. In the illus
forms pulled forward by the operator;
' ,
'
trated machine this is accomplished by power,
Fig. 4 is a right side elevation similar to Fig. 2, and operations are initiated by depression of a
and‘ illustrates the forms pulled forward and held special key'which not only causes the return of
in lower position ‘by the tear-oif bail and the
mechanisms in position to permit detachment of
the typed forms;
Fig. 5 is a right side elevation of a portion of
the- mechanism, illustrating the parts in position
after the typed forms have been~detached ‘and
the paper carriage but also 1 causes numerous
parts of the'mechanism to be automatically op
erated in order to release the webs and carbons
as well as the platen. The webs and carbons
are then automatically retracted by power and
the carrier is latched in its retracted position. 55
2,186,671
2
All these automatic operations occur as an in
cident to a selected return of the carriage so that,
upon carriage return the webs and carbons will
be retracted to a position where their forward
ends clear the rear. of the platen and where,
due to their own resiliency, they spring upward
and over the platen. The webs and carbons are
i then in a. substantially horizontal plane, where
the operator may easily grasp their forward ends.
In grasping the ‘forward ends of the webs, the
10
tiated by depression of a case shift key 6. The
typewriter and its various operating parts have
been illustrated in a general way only.
The main portion of the continuous billing
mechanism travels with the paper carriage dur
ing letter space,rtabulating, and return move
ments thereof. It includes side pieces, or rails,
l0 attached at their. forward ends to the paper
carriage (Fig. 2) and to a shaft II carried by
brackets l2_ (Fig. 1) ?xed to each side of the 10
carriage frame. The side pieces ID are joined
intermediate their ends by a V-shaped brace l3
arrested by a limit stop. During this pulling of (Fig. 1) which carries a roller l4 that travels
the webs, the carrier is held in its retracted upon a track l5 supported by brackets I6 at
tached to the typewriter frame. Rails I!) are also
15 position and the carbons are thus held against» joined at their rear ends by a cross member I1
forward movement with the webs, with the result
which supports side paper guides l8 and an ex
that the relative position of the webs and car
bons is changed by forward movement of the tensible end bail l9 that may be extended rear
webs. As the gauge moves forward with the wardly to insure that the webs clear the rear of
20
webs,
near the limit of its movement, it the entire mechanism.
T20 causes and
The
side
pieces
or
rails
l0
and
the
members
a holding device to automatically grip the
webs and carbons so as to hold them in proper joining them form a frame or unit which travels
with the ‘paper carriage‘ and which may be de
relative position when they are subsequently en
operator also grasps a web-measuring gauge and
pulls it forward with the webs until the gauge is
15"
gaged by certain devices that bend the forward
25 portions of the webs ‘and carbons downwardly
as will presently appear.
After the webs have been pulled forward the
proper distance, the operator releases the gauge
which thereupon returns automatically to in
30 active position. As it returns it causes a tear-off
bail automatically to move to an active position
at approximately the line of perforations across
the webs, and it also ‘causes the paper feeding
means‘ automatically to grip the webs, said tear
o? bailvand a portion of ‘said feeding means
acting to bend the forward portion of the webs
and carbons downwardly to direct them toward
As this occurs the web holding
device, that held the webs and carbons in reg
' the platen.
istration, is released automatically. The operator
40
can then detach the section .of the webs, or the
set of forms, that has just been typed, this op
eration occurring while the forms are held down
wardly. He then rotates the platen and feeds
the webs forward to prdper line space position
45 for the beginning of a new set of typing opera
tions.
v
General construction '
The invention has been illustrated in the form
of an attachment applied to a Burroughs electric
carriage return typewriter. This machine em
ploys an electric motor I (Fig. 1) to return a
55
paper carriage 2, the return being initiated by
depression of a carriage return key 3 as described
in detail in British Patent No. 428,384. When'
zthe return keycis .momentarily depressed the
motor returns the‘ carriage to its fully returned
tached if desired.
‘
'
25
Carrier
The machine has a carrier which is movable
toward and from the platen on the frame above
described. In the embodiment of the invention
shown this carrier not onlyv supports the sheets
of carbon but it also supports the webs between
which the carbons are interleaved.
The carrier includes a lower plate 20 (Figs. 3
and 5) which extends across its entire width and
which is provided with four grooved rollers 2| 35
(Fig. 1) that engage the inside edges of the rails
III to thereby support the carrier for movement
toward and from the platen. The carrier is
moved toward the platen by the feeding move
ment that is given to the webs and carbons, the
latter being attached to the carrier so that the 40
carrier moves with them. The carrier is moved
rearwardly by power which, in the embodiment
of the invention illustrated, is supplied by a
spring contained in a drum 22, which will be re
ferred to hereinafter as a spring drum. This
spring is tensioned as the carrier is pulled for
ward by the feeding movement given to the webs
and carbons, and since, in the machine illustrated,
the platen is line spaced by power from an electric
motor it will be evident that the power for re 50
tracting the carrier is supplied by the motor
through the medium of the spring.
The spring drum is preferably mounted on an
adjustable stop member (I22 Figs. 1 and 3 which
will be described later) and a cord 24 is wound 55
around said drum and attached to the lower plate
20 of the carrier. The adjustable member upon
‘ 1 position. ~When- said key is held depressed the
which the drum is mounted is a member that also
motor returns the key to a paragraph position.
60 Invboth cases the platen is automatically line
limits the retracting movement of the carrier, 60
as will presently appear, and this mounting is
used because it insures that, when the adjustable
spaced by the power of the motor, as an incident
- torthe return of the carriage.
‘If the carriage
I return key is depressed while the carriage is in.
its returned position, the motor acts to line space
65 the platen, the number of line spaces depending
upon the setting of the line space -mechanism
and the number of times the key is depressed.
Type impressions are, of course, made by type
levers 4 that strike the ink ribbon 5 and make
impressions on the work along the printing line
of the platen P, the paper carriage being letter
spaced for that purpose. The platen P is mount
ed on the paper carriage so that it can be shifted
up and down to change itscase position. This
is also done by power, the operation being ini
member is moved to vary the distance to which
the carrier shall beretractedthe tension on the
carrier exerted by the spring will remain the
same.
'
Detachably mounted on the lower plate 20 of
the carrier is an'upper plate .25 which carries
certain devices for supporting the webs and car
bons to be presently described. The upper plate
carries tapered studs '26 (Fig. 5) which project
through openings in the lower plate and which
are slotted to receive spring-urged detents 21 that
yieldingly hold the upper plate 25 to the lower
plate 20 but permit ready detachment. This de-‘ 75
2,186,671
tachable construction enables the upper plate
and the devices supported by itito be removed
and another substituted to thereby accommodate
the mechanism for different sizes of forms.
The upper plate 25 supports ‘a rear web hold
ing device having a lower pressure roll 28 mount
' ed in stationary bearings carried by said plate.
3
it not only causes the depression of the carriage
return key 3, and thus an automatic return of the
carriage, but it also renders ‘certain automatic
carriage controls active.
The key 4|! is mounted on one end of a lever
4| pivoted at 42 to a plate 43 fastened to the right
end frame of the machine. The rear end of this
An upper pressure roll 29 of said holding device lever is connected to a link 44 (Fig. 1) which
is mounted in movable bearings, said roll being has a pin and slot connection (Fig. 2) to .one
10 spring pressed toward the lower roll by the springs
arm 01‘ a bell crank 45 pivoted on a stud 46 car
30 (Fig. 1). These pressure rolls serve to hold ried by a bracket 41 ?xed to the ‘stationary
the webs at the rear of the machine to prevent bracket Hi. The bell crank 45 is urged counter
them from sagging and to also prevent them from clockwise by a spring 46*‘- and its upwardly ex
moving out of position on the carrier when the tending arm has a lateral lug 48 forming a
15
latter is retracted and suddenly stopped. When
the webs are ?rst fed into the machine the upper
latch for engaging over either a lower shoulder 15
49 or an upper shoulder 50 on an arm 5| ?xed
roll 29 may be manually moved to inactive posi
tion so that the webs may be inserted. The rear
to a shaft 52 journaled in the bracket 41. Fixed
to the shaft 52 is a cam 53 which, when in active
web holding device grips the webs sufficiently to
position, automatically governs the conditioning
20 obtain the results above mentioned but moves
of certain portions of the continuous billing ~20
mechanism. Said cam 53, the shaft 52, and the
space movements of the webs andcarbons as
arm 5| are urged counterclockwise by a spring
hereinafter described.
'
54, but are held in one, of two positions by the
rli‘he upper plate 25 also supports the blades to ‘latch, 58. When the cam '53 is in the dot-dash
which the carbons are attached. For this pur
position of Fig. 2, it is inactive, and, at that time, 2,5
pose said plate is provided with upwardly ex
the latch 45 engages over the upper shoulder
tending pins 3| at each side upon- which L-shaped 50 of the arm 5| to hold said cam in inactive po
carbon-holding arms or blades 32 (Fig. 1) are sition. However, when the special key 4|] is
mounted. The carbons are attached to these L
depressed,v the bell crank 45 is rocked clockwise
30 shaped blades by spring clips 33.
I»
a slight distance which allows the arm 5| and 30
This construction and mounting enables the cam 53 to be moved to the full line or active
carbons to be inserted and supported from either position of Fig. 2, where they are held. by the
side of the web as is necessary when so-called latch 48 which then vengages the lower shoul
with the carrier and does not interfere with line
“fanfold” forms are used whose webs are joined
along their side edges and is also useful‘with the
so-called .“superfold” forms, which are folded
only along lateral lines.
Another advantage of the construction is that
it promotes rapid and easy original assembly
40 of the webs and carbons. The webs are pulled
der 49.
I
The cam 53 has an inclined cam edge‘ 53“ 35
(Fig. 1) which‘ is in a plane substantially par
allel with the travel of the carriage. When the
cam is in inactive position, and, as the paper car
riage is being- returned to the right, said cam
edge engages a roller stud 56 (Fig. 2) .carried 40
through the rear pressure rolls, which temporari- ‘ by a cross bail 51 supported on the ends of two
ly hold the webs in positiomwhile the Léshaped
carbon blades, to each of which a carbon sheet
I is attached, can be; inserted between the webs
and dropped over the pins 3 I, the insertion being
an easy matter, no matter whether the webs are
joined at the side edges as in the so-called “fan
fold" forms or otherwise.
bell crank levers 58 pivoted on the shaft 59 on
the paper carriage, there being a bell crank lever.
at each side of the carriage. The rocking of
these two bell cranks during the return of the
carriage automatically conditions certain por
tions of the continuous billing mechanism as will
be later described.
The roller stud 55 and the bell cranks 58 are
Automatic controls
temporarily latched in the position to which they
An important advantage of the present inven ‘are moved, so that, as they‘move beyond the
tion, among others, is that, at the option of the cam 53, and out of engagement therewith, duroperator, the machine may be automatically con
ing the return of the carriage, they will not drop
ditioned by power and the carrier may be auto
back to their lower positions. However, prior to
55 matically retracted by power. This is preferably the movement of the carriage in letter spacing
done as an incident to a selected return of the and tabulating direction, said bell cranks and 55
paper carriage so that by the time the carriage stud are dropped back to their lower position.‘
50
It will be appreciated that cam '53 should not
reaches its returned position the machine and ’
the webs and carbons are in readiness for the act automatically to condition the machine dur
60 operator to- perform the next operations, and no ing the movement of the carriage to the left, that
60
time is lost in manually manipulating various is, in letter space direction, nor should it act dur
levers or keys. I
v " »
ing every return movement of the carriage.
Means is, therefore, provided ‘to automatically
As previously explained, the paper carriage is
returned by the motor upon depression of the
65 carriage return key 3. However, it is not de
sired that the continuous billing mechanism be
automatically operated every time the carriage re
carriage moves to the left during typing opera
tions. For this purpose,‘ the cam 53 is provided
75 return key 3. When this special key is depressed,
said cam, in inactive position.
move said cam to inactive position as the paper
with an extension 53b having a cam surface in
turns because many of its return movements are clined rearwardly from the main body of the‘
simply for the purpose of starting a new line of cam. As the paper carriage moves to the left
typing, and not for starting a new set of forms. with the roller 56 in lowered position, said roller
In order that the automatic conditioning of the engages said inclined portion of the'cam 53‘and
continuous billing mechanism can be made dur
rocks said cam from the _full line to the dotted
ing a selected carriage return, a special key 40 - line position of Fig, '2 where latch “engages
(Fig. 1) is provided which overlaps the carriage over the upper notch 50 of the arm 5| to hold
Special key 40
2,136,671
has, of course, been released so that bell crank
45 is free to be moved by its spring 46“.
The automatic carriage controls are thus ren
dered active by depression of the key 40; they
act during the movement of the carriage in one
direction; and they are automatically disabled,
or moved to inactive position, during movement
64 on the extension of lever 63 is a slight dis
tance below the edge of the arm 6| as shown in
Fig. 4. Accordingly, the ?rst movement of lever
83 releases the arms 6|, which are thereupon
picked up by the lug 64 and moved upwardly.
During this movement cam nose 15 passes the
stud ‘l6 and the stud 14 moves along the edge
of the carriage in the opposite direction, said
of the latch ‘III to hold it in released position
controls being held in said inactive position until
until the tear-off bail reaches an inactive posi
tion‘ where the stud 14 is opposite an upper
notch 13A in the latch 10. When this occurs,
the latch 18 snaps to the position shown in Fig. 2
to hold the tear-oil bail in its upper or inactive
10 again released by the special key.
Conditioning by power
During the return of the carriage, the auto
position.
matic controlling elements just described are op
erated. When operated, certain portions of the
From the above, it will be clear that, as an
continuous billing mechanism are automatically‘ incident to a selected return of the paper car
conditioned. Since the carriage is returned by rlage, the tear-off bail is automatically un
the motor it will be evident that the portions latched, is automatically moved to inactive posi
of the continuous billing mechanism that are tion, and is then automatically latched in this
position.
.
20 conditioned, are conditioned by the power of the
motor. This power conditioning is preferably
In order that the tear-off bail may be raised
governed by the carriage in the manner described manually when desired, the lever 63 has a ?nger
piece 11 by means of‘ which it may be moved
herein.
Quite a number of different portions of the rearwardly. Manual movement of lever 63 will
release the latch for the tear-01f bail and move
25 machine are automatically conditioned and such
portions will be described in order; to-wit, (1) the said bail to inactive position. The latch 18 is
also provided with a ?nger piece 18, by means
automatic movement of a tear-off bail to inac
tive position; (2) the automatic conditioning of of which it may be released manually when de
the paper feeding means including a set of main
sired.
2. Feeding mama-Means ‘is provided for
30 and a set of auxiliary feed rolls to free the webs
and carbons; (3) the automatic freeing of the feeding the webs and carbons across the print
platen to permit it to rotate; (4) the automatic ing line of the platen, said feeding means includ—
casting off of the auxiliary set of front pressure ing a main set of feed rolls that engage the
platen, an auxiliary set of feed rolls for pur
rolls; (5) the automatic retraction of the car
poses that will presently appear, and a line spac
rier; and (6) the automatic conditioning of a
latching means for the carrier in order that the
ing means for the platen.
The main feed rolls 80 (Fig. 4) are the feed
latter may be held in retracted position.
1. Tear-017' bail retraction.--The tear-oft ball rolls used on the Burroughs typewriter, their
60 is carried by two angular arms 6|, of which mounting and arrangement being described in
there is one at each side of the carriage, said
detail in Bower Patent No. 2,005,450. These feed
40 arms being journaled on a shaft .62 support_ed
rolls are urged toward the platen but may be
retracted or lowered by turning a half round
on the platen frame. Fixed to the shaft 62 is
a lever 83 having an extension provided with a
shaft 8l._ The shaft 8| ‘has a gear 82 ?xed to it
lateral lug 84 (Figs. 2 and 4)‘ underlying right
which gear meshes with a sector 83 pivoted on a
hand arm 6|. Also ?xed to shaft 62 is a crank
65 connected by a link 58 to one arm of the bell
crank 58.
The tear-o? bail 60 occupies its lower opera
shaft 84. This sector is a part of the feed roll
release lever 85 (Fig.. 2) by means of which
the feed rolls may be cast off manually if de
sired. Fixed to the shaft 62 (Fig. 2) is a crank
86, to the lower end of which is connected-a link
tive position shown in Fig. 4, toward which it is
urged by gravity and by a torsion spring 81
(Fig. 1). When in this position, it will be evi
dent that, if the bell cranks 58 are rocked'coun
terclockwise, the link 66 and crank 65 will cause
shaft 62 to be rocked clockwise, whereupon the
lug 64 will lift the arm 6| to raise the tear-off
55 bail 68 to the inactive position shown in Fig. 2.
The tear-off bail is latched in both its lower
and upper positions by a latch 10 pivoted on a
, shaft ‘H and urged clockwise by a spring 12.
In the lower position of the tear-off bail (Fig. 4),
60 a lower notch 13 in the latch ‘Ill engages over.
a stud 14 on the right arm 8| that supports the
tear-oif bail. ‘This latch mustqbe released in
order that the tear-off bail may be automati
cally moved as above-described and, for this
purpose, the lever 83 has a‘ cam nose 15 posi
_ tioned under a stud 16 on said latch‘ as shown
in Fig. 4.
When the bell cranks 58 are auto
25
30
35
40
50
cally rocked counterclockwise by power during
the release lever 85 counterclockwise and moves
the feed rolls 80 away from the platen.
These feed rolls tend to return toward the
platen but are temporarily latched in position
by the latch 10 which holds the arms Si in the 60
upper position shown in Fig. 2. It will be re
called that this latch holds said arms in said
position because the upper notch 13A engages
‘over the stud 14. This stud ‘I4 is also in the path
of the nose 15 on'the- lever 63 and, while said
lever can move back slightly, it cannot move
back far enough to have any substantial e?ect
on the position of the‘feed rolls which remain
in retracted position.
riage, the first movement of shaft 62 and lever
Auxiliary feed rolls are located to the rear of
the platen and are'driven thereby, in conse
63'causes’ cam nose 15 to move latch 10 counter
20
the selected return of the carriage, the link 81
is thrust forward (left on Fig. 2), which rocks
matically rocked during the return of the car- ~
clockwise to 9. released position. This movement
of the lever 63 relative to the arms 6| is permit-‘
75
or lever 81 having a slot 88 engaging over a
stud 89 on the release lever 85.
When the bell crank levers 58 are automati
15
‘
'
quence of which they form a part of. the feeding
ted by reason of the fact that, when the parts
means that feeds the webs and carbons across
the printing line. Positioned at the rear of the
arein the lowered position of Fig. 4, the lug
platen is an inclined table 90 over which the
5
2,136,671‘
webs and carbons are‘ moved downwardly to the
platen. This table supports one set of the aux
iliary feed rolls 9| which are mounted on a shaft '
92 journaled in brackets on said table, said rolls
extending through suitable openings in the table
so as‘ to be able to contact the webs. Fixed to
each end of the shaft 92 is a gear 93 (Figs. 2
and 4), the left one of which meshes with an
other gear 94 (Fig. 2), that, in turn, meshes with
10 a gear 95 that meshes with a gear 96 ?xed to
the platen shaft. Thus, the lower auxiliary rolls
9I are rotated whenever the platen is rotated.
Since the platen is usually line spaced by power
in the machine illustrated, the auxiliary feed
rolls ‘are also driven by power.
A companion set of auxiliary feed rolls 9|“
(Fig. l) .‘is mountedon a shaft 91 carried by the
arms BI. This shaft has a gear 98 on its right
end only which, when the arms 6| are lowered
20 to the position of Fig. 4, meshes with the gear
93 on the right hand end of the shaft 92 which,
as just explained, is always rotated‘with the
platen.
Accordingly, when the arms 6I are in their
25 lowered position, the two sets of feed rolls grip
the webs and carbons and both sets are rotated
with the platen. Said rolls assist in feeding the
webs and carbons forward about the platen and
across the printing line.
The auxiliary feed rolls arelatched in opera
30
tive position by the latch ‘I0 that holds the arms
which matured as Patent No. 2,104,007. Jan. 4, _
1938.
.
-
4. Auxiliary front pressure roZls.—-In'order to
assist in holding the webs and carbons in verti
cal position in front of the platen, a front web 5
holding device is provided which is in the form
of a set of front auxiliary pressure rolls.
These rolls IIO (Fig. 1) are carried by a bail
III supported by arms II2 (Figs. 1 and 2) piv
oted at II3. Fixed to the shaft H3 is a crank 10
II4 (Fig. 2) carrying a stud H5 adapted tobe
engaged by the abutment end I I 6 of the‘linkll'l
and to be moved to retracted position as shown in
Fig. 2. In the position of the parts shown in
Fig. 4, abutment IIB has been withdrawn with 15
the auxiliary pressure rolls remaining retracted
but, if said rolls were moved into ‘active position,
the stud “5 would immediately return to a po
sition in front of the abutment end IIB of the
arm 81.‘ Thus when arm 81 is automatically 20
thrust forward by power during the selected re
turn of the carriage, the abutment end I I6 en
gages stud II5 and moves the auxiliary pressure
rolls to inactive position where they are latched
by a latch II‘! that snaps over the stud II5, said 25
latch being urged clockwise by the spring I I8 but‘
being releasable by a thumb piece II9.
‘ 5. Refraction of carrier.-During the line space
movements of the webs and carbons, caused by
power as above explained, the carrier is moved 30
forward and the power of the motor is stored in
BI in their lowered position. However, when-the ~ the spring drum 22. During the selected return
bell cranks 58 are rocked, said latch is released of the carriage, the various partsof the machine
and the arms 6I are raised to the position of
are automatically conditioned as above explained
Fig. 2, where they are‘ latched in inactive posi
tion. This movement of the arms BI ,moves the
upper. feed rolls 9|‘a away from the lower rolls
5“ and thus disables the rolls for any effective
so that the web and carbons may move freely, 35
whereupon the carrier is automatically retracted
action on the webs.
is determined by the engagement of a downward- '
by the power stored in the spring.
'
The position to which the carrier is returned
The auxiliary feed rolls can, of'course, be re vly turned lug I20 (Fig. '3) on the lower plate 20 40
leased manually by means of the ?nger piece 11 of the carrier against a rubber bumper I2I (Figs.
on the lever 63 which can be used to raise the 1 and 3) carried by a member I22 slidably sup
arms 6|.
‘
ported on a rail I23 and adjustably secured there
From the above it will be seen that, as an in
to by a thumb screw I24. This member I 22 is
45 cident to a selected return of thecarriage, the the adjustable member that carries the spring
paper feeding means including the main rolls 80 drum 22- previously described. The rail I23 is
and auxiliary rolls 9I--96 are automatically supported between and is parallel to the rails I0
moved by power to a position to free the webs and as shown in Fig. 1.
>
~
carbons, and that such paper feeding means is
The rubber bumper I 2I is adjusted so that
there is su?icient rearward movement of the car
50 latched in its moved position. v
3. Freeing the .platen.—Although the paper rier to permit the vforward edges of the webs to 50
feeding means is automatically. conditioned to clear the platen, whereupon they straighten out
release the web and carbons,‘ it is possible that so that the front edge of the webs is directly be
the assembled papers would not always slip low a ?nger piece I25 on a movable gauge bar
easily relative to the platen, and in order that . I26. This enables an operator to easily grasp 55
there may be no retarding effect on the web and both the webs and the gauge to pull them for
carbons, the platen is automatically freed so ward for purposes presently to be described.
40
that it may rotate freely as the webs and car
bons are retracted.
60
The platen isline spaced by means of a pawl
I 00 engaging a ratchet wheel IOI, said platen
being normally and yieldingly retained in line
spaced position by a detent I05 carrying a vstud
I06 which engages ratchet wheel IOI. When the
half round shaft 8| is automatically rocked-by
the movement of the release lever 85 through
the medium of link 81, as above explained, a le
ver I03 forming one arm of a yoke, at which
detent I05 is also anarm, is rocked counterclock
wise. Said yoke‘ and arms are urged clockwise
in Fig. 2 by a spring I04 which engages the de
tent I05 of this yoke. Pawl I00 is disabled upon
carriage return to permit reverse rotation of the
platen as shown and described in the Bower ap
plication Serial No. 668,347 ?led April ‘28, 1933,
6. Latch for carrier.—-As explained, the car- _
rier moves forward during line space operations
of the web feeding means. Obviously, in order for 60
the carrier to be able to do this, it must be free
to move. However, after the webs and carbons
have been retracted as above explained, it is de
sired that the webs be pulled forward relative to
the carbons which means that the carrier should est
be held against movement. In order to avoid
the necessity for manual manipulation of various
parts, provision is made for automatically condi
tioning the latch to lock the carrier as an in-'
cident to the return of the paper carriage.
/ 70
‘The slidable member I22 that supports the
rubber bumper I2I that limits the rearward
movement of the carrier is provided with a down
wardly extending arm I30 (Figs. 3, 5 and 6) on
which a latch member I3I is mounted for ver 75
2,186,671
tical sliding movement by pin and slot connec
tions.' This sliding latch is urged to a lowered
position by a spring I32 and it carries a laterally
projecting stud I33 (Fig. 6) positioned to be en
gaged by a link I34 when the latter is raised. This
link is pivotally connected at its rear end (Figs. 3
and 5) to a short link I35 and is likewise pivoted
near its forward end (Fig. 2) to another short
link I36. It will be apparent that, if the link I34
10 is moved rearwardly, it will also move upwardly.
The front end of the link I34 has a hooked end
I3‘I positioned in the path of the ball 51. As said
bail is raised by the cam 53 that engages the
roller stud 56, it raises the link I34 and swings
it on its pivotal supporting links. v,This, in turn,
prising the ‘set of- forms. The rear end of the
gauge is formed with an in-turned lug I52 (Fig.
3) which engages an adjustable stop I53 secured
to a bar I54 by a thumb screw I55. The bar I54 '
extends parallel to the side pieces I0 and is sup
ported for limited horizontal movement by pins
I56 (Fig. 3) which extend downwardly from the
right side rail I0 and engage slots in each end
of the bar. The bar is urged rearwardly by a
spring I51.
-
10
The gauge I26 is thus provided with a limit
stop that is not only adjustable but also slightly
yieldable, the latter being for the purpose of
automatically causing an intermediate web hold
ing device to engage the web and carbons to the 15
raises the latch I3I to active position where the rear of the tear-off bail and the auxiliary feed
4
forward hooked‘end of said latch is engageable‘ rolls.
The forward end of bar I54 is bent upwardly
with a spring held pawl I38 (Fig. 6) pivoted at
I39 to a bracket I40 depending downwardly from at I66 (Fig. 3) where it engages the lower arm
the lower plate 20 of the carrier. Pawl I38 is of a bell crank I6I pivoted to arm 6| at I62
urged clockwise (Fig. 6) by a'spring “I which
adjacent shaft 62.
Said bell crank I6I is urged
permits the pawl to ride upwardly over the nose counterclockwise about its pivot by a tension
of sliding latch I3I as the carrier travels rear» spring I63 attached at one end to arm 6| and
at the other end to‘v the bell crank.
wardly.
.
When the web gauge I26 is pulled forward, and 25
Thus, when the bail 51 and the bell cranks 58
are rocked by power as an incident to the return as it reaches its forward limit, it engages stop
of the paper carriage the link I34 is automatically I53, moves bar I54 slightly, and rocks bell-crank
moved upward to render the latch I3I active so I6I so that the upper arm of said crank moves
that, upon the automatic retraction of the carrier, out of the path of a stud I64 carried by the right
the latter will be latched in its retracted position. arm of a pair of arms I65, said arms being 30
‘ From the several foregoing sections of the de
scription, it will be apparent that quite a num
ber of different parts of the machine are auto
matically conditioned by power in order that the
desired results may be obtained, but it will be
understood that under certain conditions one
or more of these parts might be omitted. For
example, the machine might be used without a
45
set of front auxiliary pressure rolls. Or the tear
off bail might conceivably be omitted, where the
webs are well perforated.
Relative shifting of webs and carbons
‘Up to this point, the operator has merely de
pressed the special key 40, whereupon all the
operations have taken place automatically. The
web and carbons have been retracted; they are
clear of the platen; their forward ends are in a
horizontal position immediately under the finger
piece I25 of the web gauge I26; and the carrier
is latched in retracted position.
The relative position of the webs and carbons
is changed to bring a new set of forms forward
by pulling the webs forward while the carbons are
_ held by the carrier. The operator grasps the
forward ends of the webs and the web gauge
?nger piece I25, and pulls both forward until the
pivoted at I66 (Fig. 3) to each of the bail arms .
6|, respectively, adjacent theini forward ends.
Arms I65 carry a web engaging means in the
form of a rod I61 which extends across the width
of the webs.
,
35
Accordingly, as the gauge I26 and the webs
reach the limit of their forward movement, crank
IEI moves out of engagement with stud I64 and
the intermediate web holding device drops into
engagement with the webs by gravity aided by
40
a torsion spring I68 (Fig. 3) to hold them against
shifting during the descent of the tear-off bail
and the auxiliary feed rolls heretofore described.
Upon descent of the tear-0ft‘ bail and the auxi
liary feed rolls, the left arm I65 of the'holding 45
device engages shaft ‘N (Fig. 1) which arrests
further movement of said arm and thus causes
the web holding device .to move out of engage
ment with said web as the arms 6i continue their
descent (Fig. 4). This occurs after the webs 50
and carbons have been bent downward suffi
ciently so that they will not shift and after said
bail and the auxiliary feed rolls have gripped the
webs sufficiently to hold them~ in position.
To summarize brie?y, as the webs, together with
the web gauge, are pulled forward, an interme
diate web holding device is automatically moved
to position to hold the webs in position for the
forward movement of the gauge is arrested by
a limit stop. The carbons are not included in the ‘ next automatic operation which is the bending
operator's grip because their forward ends lie down of the front portions of the'webs and car 60
to slightly to the rear of the forward ends of the . bons. After such bending has occurred to an
webs. This is due to the fact that, when the extent that it is safe to release the webs and
webs and carbons were first positioned in the ma
carbons, the holding device is rendered inactive.
chine, the webs were positioned so that their Automatic reconditioning for typing operations
leading ends were beyond the leading ends of the
65
After the operator'pullsthe webs and gauge
carbons by about 1/2" or more.
The web gauge I26 is slidably mounted within forward to the limit of movement of the gauge,
the right side piece or rail III (Fig. 5) which, he simply releases the gauge, whereupon it moves
for this purpose, is ?anged over at the top and back to position and‘ not only automatically con
carries an anti-friction, roller I50 (Fig. 5) at ditions the mechanism to enable a section of the 70
70 its lower forward end. The gauge is urged rear
web to be torn off but automatically reconditions
the machine so that typing operations may be
' wardly by a spring I5I (Figs. 3 and 5).
Forward movement of the gauge is controlled performed by simply tearing off the typed sec
by an adjustable stop that is set inaccordance tion and moving the webs of the new set to the
proper line space position.
75
with the length of the sections of the webs com
2,186,671
As the gauge 126 moves rearwardly under the
urge of its spring, a stud I10 projecting laterally
from said gauge (Fig. 3) engages a laterallypro
jecting lug I'll on a pass-by pawl I12 pivoted on
the latch 10. This rocks the ‘latch ‘Ill counter
clockwise away from the stud 14 on arm 6|.
The
pass-by pawl I12 also has a second and lower lat
- erally projecting lug I13 positioned to be engaged
by said stud I10 when the platen is in upper case
10 position. Thus, with the platen in either upper
or lower case position, when the gauge I26 is
released, it automatically releases the latch 10.
Release of the latch 10 releases the arms 6|
from their upper position and allows them to
15 move downward, said'arms carrying the tear-off
7
convenient for the ‘operator to ?rst move the webs
and carbons to the proper line space position and
then came the front pressure rolls I ID to engage
said webs and carbons above the printing line. It
will be apparent, however, that if the latch I I1
is omitted the front pressure rolls III] will be
automatically returned to active position when
the arm 81 is moved as heretofore explained.
The release of the web gaugev I26 also auto
matically disables the latch for the carrier. As 10
explained, said gauge releases the latch ‘Ill where.
upon the arm 6| moves downward to release the
lever 63. This allows said lever 63 to move
counterclockwise and the bell cranks 58 are re
stored in a clockwise direction to normal. This
In other words, upon release releases the hooked end‘ I31 of link I34 which
bail 60 with them.
of the gauge I26, the tear-01f bail is automatically
moved to active position.
,
The web feeding means is also restored to effec
As
20 ,tive condition by the release of‘said gauge.
the arms 6| move downwardly, the auxiliary feed
rolls 9H move with them, and as the latter-move
to the position of Fig. 4, the webs and carbons
' are gripped between said rolls and the'other set
25 of auxiliary feed rolls 9|. At the same time the
driving gear 98 for the rolls 9| a is engaged with
the gear 93 and the auxiliary feed roll mechanism
is put in active condition. When the arms 6|
thereupon moves downwardly and allows the
latch “Hi to move downward into inactive posi
tion. Accordingly, the carrier is freed for for
ward movement in line space operations.
. When the various diiferent parts above de
scribed,
feeding
fective
latched
that is, the arms 6i, tear-01f bail, web
means, etc., reach their active and ef
positions as just explained, they are
in such position by the latch 10 whose
lower notch 13 re-engages the stud ‘M on the
arm Bl. The upper’ edge of this notch 13 is cam
shaped and the action of spring ‘l2 on latch 'lll
move downwardly as just explained, the stud 141 tends to force the parts to their ?nal proper
30 moves away from the projection 15 on the lever position.
63 so that the latter may return to the position
From the foregoing it will be seen that after
‘of Fig. 4. As it does so, the arm 8'! is pulled rear
the operator has pulled the webs forward, he
wardly which releases the feed roll release lever merely has-to release the web- gauge, whereupon
85 and allows the main feed rolls 80 to move into the tear-off bail will be automatically moved to
35 engagement with the platen.
active position; the web feeding means will again
As the tear-off bail and auxiliary feed rolls are grip ‘the web andcarbons; the line spacing mech
moved to active position, they bend the webs and anism will be rendered active; the intermediate
"carbons downwardly, said webs and carbons being web holding device will be rendered inactive;
held in registration by the web holding device and the carrier will be unlatched. All that the '
40 [Bl-I61. After the webs and carbons have been operator then'has to do is to tear off the sections 40
bent downwardly to a position‘ where it is safe to of the webs constituting the set'of forms that
release them, the holding device including the have been ‘typed and rotate the platen to-move
‘ rod I61 is automatically disengaged from the webs the webs and carbons to proper line space posi
and carbons to free the latter for future line tion for the next line of typing on the succeeding
,
45 space movements.
set of forms. This may be doneby depressing 45
Since the auxiliary and main feed rolls operate the carriage return key and causing the web
as a unit in feeding the webs and carbons past the
printing line of the platen, it will be apparent
that the above operations have put the webs and
50 carbons back under the control of the web feeding
means so that said webs and carbons may be fed
to line space position as soon as the old web sec
tion has been torn off. The release of the gauge
I26 has thus automatically moved the web and
carbons to proper position and automatically
reconditioned the web feeding means for feeding
said webs and carbons for typing operations.
The tear-‘off position of the tear-off bail is im
mediately to the rear of the platen and at an
60' angle that permits the operator to pull upwardly
and sidewise on the ends of the webs to tear them
off along their lines of perforation. The tear-off
operation occurs after the webs have been bent
feeding means to be operated by power from the
motor, but in most cases it is easier to rotate the
platen by means of the usual platen twirler.
Résume' of operation ’ "
In order to promote a better understanding
of the invention, another brief summary of the
operation will be given.
Assume that a bill has been typed and that
the paper carriage is in its left-hand position as
viewed by the operator. He depresses the key
40 whereupon the paper ‘carriage automatically
returns to ‘the right and, as an incident to this
return, the tear-off bail is automatically moved
to inactive position; the web feeding means, including the main and auxiliary feed rolls is re
leased; the,front auxiliary pressure rolls are
‘downwardly and regripped by the‘ web feeding cast off; the carrier is retracted by power; and
means. The tear-off bail remains in tear-off’ the latch for said carrier is automatically ren
position during typing, there being su?icient dered active. As the carrier moves rearwardly,
clearance to permit the webs and carbons to move it pulls the webs and carbons with it and the
past it freely.
latter are positioned so that the front edges of
The front auxiliary pressure ‘rolls H0 are not , the.webs maybe easily grasped along with the
70 restored to active position in the embodiment of
the invention shown. Instead, the abutment end
H6 of the arm 81 moves away from the stud H5,
that is, from the position of Fig. 2 to that of Fig.
4, leaving the auxiliary pressure rolls latched by
75 the latch ll‘l. This is done because it is more
web gauge I26.‘
'
-
The operator then‘ grasps the webs. and the
gauge, pulls them forward to the limit of move
ment of the gauge, and then releases the gauge.
As the gauge reaches the limit {of its forward
movement, an intermediate web holding device is
2,186,671
8
automatically conditioned to engage the webs
and carbons to the rear of the tear-off bail and
auxiliary feed rolls. The operator then releases
the webs and gauge.
As the gauge moves back
Cl to normal after being released, the tear-off bail
is automatically moved to active position; the
web feeding means, including the main and aux
iliary feed rolls and the line spacing mechanism,
is automatically reconditioned; the latch for the
10 carrier is disabled so as to free said carrier; the
intermediate web holding device is disabled; and
the automatic controls that are governed by the
carriage are returned to their lower position.
The operator then tears off the section of web
15 that has been typed and rotates the platen to
bring the next web section, or set of forms, to
proper line space position.
Typing operations
may then be performed and, as the carriage
moves in letter space direction, the carriage con
trols are automatically moved to inactive posi
tion where they are latched so that, upon the
return of the carriage to the right for the next
line of typing, by the usual carriage return key,
the controls will not operate the continuous bill
ing- mechanism. Such mechanism is not oper
ated until the operator depresses the special key
40 to select the return during which he desires
said mechanism to be operated.
,
It will be apparent that the illustrated form of
30 the invention discloses merely one embodiment
thereof and that many changes may be made
in the details of construction without departing
from the spirit and scope of the invention as de
?ned by the appended claims.
(.3 in
I claim:
,
class described having a paper. carriage normally
movable step-by-step across the machine in one
direction, means for returning said carriage in
the opposite direction, a platen having a print
ing line, feeding means for feeding a plurality of Cl
continuous webs interleaved with carbons across
the printing line of said platen, a carrier mov
able toward and from said platen, and means
governed by said carriage during a selected re
turn thereof for automatically freeing said webs 10
and carbons for movement and for causing said
carrier to be automatically moved to a retracted
position.
5. A continuous multiple billing machine 'of the
class described having a paper carriage normally 15
movable step-by-step across the machine in one
direction, means for returning said carriage in
the opposite direction, a platen for receiving a
plurality of continuous webs interleaved with
carbons, a carrier movable'toward and fromv said 20
platen, means governed by said paper carriage
during its return for causing said carrier to be
automatically moved away from said platen, said
carriage-governed . means being normally in
25
governed means to be rendered active during a
selected return of said paper carriage to thereby I
active, and means for causing said carriage
cause said carrier .to be automatically retracted
upon said selected return.
6. A continuous multiple billing machine of the 30
class described having a paper carriage normally
movable step-by-step across the machine in one
direction and returnable in the opposite direc
tion, a platen having a printing line, feeding
means for feeding a plurality of continuous webs 35
'
1. A continuous multiple billing machine of ' interleaved with carbons across the printing line
the class described having a paper carriage nor
mally movable step~by-step across the machine
in one direction and returnable in the opposite
40 direction, a platen having a printing line, feeding
means for feeding a plurality of continuous webs
interleaved with carbons across the printing line
of said platen, a carrier movable toward and
from said platen, and power means operable to
return said carriage and, as an incident to a se
lected return, to condition said machine to free
said webs and carbons to movement and to cause
said carrier to be moved away from said platen
to a retracted position.
~
2. A continuous multiple ‘billing machine of
the class described having a traveling paper car
riage, a platen having a printing line, feeding
of said- platen in one direction, and power means
operable to return said carriage and, as an inci
dent to a selected return, automatically to re
tract said webs and carbons in a direction oppo 40
site to said feeding movement.
'7. A continuous multiple billing machine of the
class described having a traveling paper carriage,
a platen having a printing line, feeding means
for feeding a plurality of continuous webs inter 45
leaved with carbons across the printing line of
said platen in one direction, means for support
ing said webs and carbons to the rear of said
platen, and power means governed by said car
riageifor automatically retracting said webs and 50
carbons in a direction opposite to said feeding
movement.
8. A continuous multiple billing machine of the
class described having a paper carriage normally
means for feeding a plurality of continuous webs
interleaved with carbons across the printing line ‘ movable step-by-step across the machine in one
of said platen, a carrier movable toward and
direction, means for returning said carriage in
from said platen, and power means governed by the
opposite direction, a platen having a print
said paper carriage for conditioning said machine ing/line,
feeding means for feeding a plurality'of
to free said webs and carbons for movement and
continuous webs interleaved with carbons across
for causing said carrier to be automatically the
printing line of said platen in one direction,
60 moved away from said platen to a retracted posi
and means governed by said carriage upon a se
tion.
lected return thereof for automatically retracting
3. A continuous multiple billing machine of
said webs and carbons in the opposite direction.
the class described having a traveling paper car
. 9. A continuous multiple billing machine of the
riage, a platen having a printing line, feeding
class
described having a paper carriage normally 65
65 means for feeding a plurality of continuous webs movable step-by-step across the machine in one
interleaved with carbons across the printing line
of said platen, a carrier movable toward and direction, means for returning said carriage in the
from said platen, means tending to move said opposite direction, a platen having a printing
line, paper feeding means for gripping ‘a plu
carrier in one direction, a latch for said latter
rality of continuous webs interleaved with car 70
means, power means governed by said paper car
bons
and for feeding said webs and carbons
riage for conditioning said machine to free said
across
the printing line of said platen in one
webs and carbons for movement and for'releasing
said carrier to be automatically moved away direction, means for retracting said webs and
‘carbons in the opposite direction, means gov- ‘
from said platen to a retracted position.
erned by said paper carriage upon its return for
75 4. A continuous multiple billing machine of the
2,186,671
conditioning said paper feeding means to cause
webs and carbons past'théI printing line of said
said web and carbons to be automatically‘ re-\
tracted, said carriage governed means being
platen, a front auxiliary web-holding device for _
engaging said webs and carbons above the print~
ing line of said ‘platen, and means governed by
normally inactive,‘ and means for causing said
carriage governed means to be rendered active
said carriage upon a selected return thereof, for
upon a selected return of said paper carriage to
thereby cause said web and carbons to be re
tractedduring a selected return.
causing said web-holding device to be moved to
inactive position.
,
10. A continuous multiple billing machine of
10 the class described having a paper carriage
normally movable step-by-step across the ma
chine in one. direction and returnable in the op
"
in one direction and returnable in the opposite
direction, a platen for receiving a plurality of
posite direction, a platen having a printing line,
continuous webs interleaved with carbons, said
said platen being normally rotatable in line-space
webs‘ and carbons being supported to the ‘rear of
said platen in a plane above the level of the 15
platen whereby the webs and carbons are bent
downwardly to. pass about said platen, feeding
means cooperating with said platen to feed said
webs and carbons across the printing line‘ of said
platen, and power .means operable to return said 20
carriage and,'as an incident to a selected return,’
to change the relative position of said feeding
means and platen to enable said webs andcar
bons to move to a horizontal position where the
front ends of said webs may be readily grasped 25
15 direction, feeding means for feeding a plurality
of continuous webs interleaved with carbons
across the printing line of said platen, means
normally resisting‘ rearward rotation of said
‘platen, and power means operable to return said
20 carriage and, as an incident to a selected re
turn, automatically to free said platen for rear
' ward rotation and to cause said webs and carbons
to be automatically retracted to a position free of
said platen.
‘
15. A continuous multiple billing machine of
wthe class described havlnga paper carriage nor
mally movable step-by-step across the machine 10
.
..11_ A continuous multiple billing machine of
the class described having a traveling paper car
' by an operator.
riage, a platen provided with a printing line, said
~
16. A continuous multiple billing machine of
the class ‘described having a traveling paper car
platen being normally rotatable in line-space
direction, feeding means for feeding a plurality
30 of continuous webs interleaved with ' carbons
across the printing line of said platen, means
riage, a platen for receiving a plurality of con
tinuous webs interleaved with carbons, means for 30
supporting said webs and carbons at the rear of
normally resisting rearward rotation of said said platen in a plane above the level of said
platen, and power means governed by said paper platen so that said webs and carbons are bent
carriage forv automatically freeingsaid platen for
downwardly to pass about said platen, feeding
35 rearward rotation-and for causing said webs and
means cooperating with said platen to feed said 35
carbons to be automatically retracted to a posi
tion free of said platen.
- webs and carbons across the printing line of said '
.
platen, and power means governed bysaid paper
carriage for automatically changing the relative
position of said feeding means and platen to eni
12. A continuous multiple'billing machine of
the class described having _a paper carriage
normally movable step-by-step across the ma
able said webs and carbons to move to a horizon 40
chine in one direction, means for returning said ' tal position where the front ends of the webs may
‘carriage in the opposite direction, a platen be readily grasped by an operator.
7
normally rotatable in line-space direction, feed
1'7. A continuous multiple billing machine of
ing means for feeding a plurality of continuous -
45 websinterleaved with carbons across the print
ing line of said platen, means normally resisting
the class described having a paper carriage nor- ‘
mally movable step-by-step across the machine 45
in one direction, means for returning said car
rearward rotation of said platen, and means gov~ riage in the opposite direction, a platen for re
erned by said paper carriage upon a selected re
ceiving a plurality of continuous webs interleaved
turn thereof for automatically freeing said platen .. with carbons, said webs and carbons being sup—
50 for rearward rotation and for causing said webs
and carbons to be automatically retracted to a
position free of said platen.
'
.
.13. A continuous multiple billing machine of
the class described having a paper carriage nor
55 mally movable step-by-step across the-machine
in one direction and returnable in the opposite
direction, a platen having a printing line, feeding
,
ported to the rear of said platen in a plane above 50
the level of said platen whereby the webs and
carbons must be bent down to pass about said
platen, feeding means cooperating with said
platen to feed said webs and carbons past the
printing line of said platen, and means governed 55
\by-s said paper carriage upon a selected return
thereof for changing the relative position of said
means for feeding a plurality of continuous webs ‘a feeding means and platen to enable said webs
interleaved with carbons across the printing line and carbons to move to a horizontal position
where the front ends of said webs may be easily 60
60. of said-platen, means normally preventing rear
ward rotation of said platen, a carrier movable grasped by an operator.
toward and from said platen, and power means
l8.'A continuous multiple billing machine of
operable to return said paper carriage and, as an the class described provided with a platen hav
incident to a selected return, automatically to ing a printing line, feeding means for feeding
a plurality of continuous webs interleaved with 65
65 free said platen for rearward rotation, automati
carbons past the printing line of said platen, a
cally to free said webs and carbons from said feed
carrier for said webs and carbons, a tear-off bail,
ing means, and for causing said carrier to be auto
means 'for causing said feeding means to release
_ matically moved to a retracted position.
14. A continuous multiple billing machine of said webs and carbons, for causing said webs and
carbons to be retracted, for moving said tear 70
70 the class described having a paper carriage nor
mally movable step-by-step across the machine off bail to inactive position, and for automatical
in one direction, means for returning said car
ly holding said carbons retracted, whereby the
riage in the opposite ‘direction, a platen for re
webs may be grasped and pulled forward relative
ceiving a plurality of continuous webs interleaved
75 with carbons, feeding means for feeding said
to said carbons, and means governed by the ma
nipulation of a single member for automatically 7|;
10
2,136,671.
.
means to grip said webs and carbons for feeding
movement, and for automatically releasing said
carbons from their retracted position whereby
the typed section of the webs may be torn oif
said tear-off bail to be automatically moved to
active position, for causing said feeding means
automatically to'grip said webs and carbons for
feeding movement, andfor automatically releas
ing said carbons from their retracted position‘ 5
whereby the typed section of the web may be tom
and the feeding means used to move said webs
and carbons to a new line space position for
off and the feeding means used to move said webs and carbons to a new line space position for
typing.
typing.
causing said tear-off bail to be moved to active
position, for automatically causing said feeding
_
.
'
the class described provided with-a platen hav
22. A continuous multiple billing machine of 10
the class described having a carriage normally
ing a printing line, feeding means for feeding a
movable step-by-step across the machine in one
plurality of continuous webs interleaved with
carbons past the printing line of said platen,
15 means governed by the manipulation of a single
direction and returnable in the opposite direction,
10
19. A continuous multiple billing machine of
, member for' automatically causing said feeding
‘ means to release said webs and carbons, for causé
a platen having av printing line. feeding means for
feeding a plurality of continuous web's interleaved 15
with carbons past the printing line of said platen,
‘power means operable to return said carriage and,
ing said webs and carbons to be automatically as an incident to a selected return, automatically
to cause said feeding means to release said webs
retracted free of said platen, and for automati
20 cally holding said carbonswin retracted position, and carbons, ‘to cause said webs and carbons to be
‘whereby the webs may be grasped and pulled automatically retracted free of said platen, and
forward relative to said carbons, a tear-off bail, automatically to cause said carbons to be held in
and means governed by the manipulation of a retracted position, 'whereby the webs may be
‘single member for automatically causing said grasped‘ and pulled forward relative to said car
25. tear-off bail to be moved to active position, for bons, a tear-oil bail, and means governed by the
automatically causing said feeding means to grip manipulation of a single member for automati
said webs and carbons for feeding movement and cally causing said tear-off bail to be moved to
for automatically releasing said carbons from vactive position, for automatically causing said
feeding 'means to grip said webs and carbons for
their retracted position, whereby the typed sec
80 tion of the webs may be torn off and the feeding ‘feeding movement, and for automatically releas
means used to move'said webs and carbons to a ing said carbons from their retracted position,
whereby the typed section of the webs may be torn
new line space position for typing.
20, A continuous multiple billing machine of off and the feeding means used to move said webs
the class described provided with a platen having and carbons to a new line space position for
typing.
'
>
35 a printing line, feeding means for feeding a plu
23. A continuous multiple billing machine of
rality of continuous webs interleaved with car
bons past the printing line of said platen, a car ,the 'class described having a carriage normally
rier for said webs and carbons movable toward movable step-by-step across the machine in one
and from said platen, means governed by the - direction, means for returning the carriage in the
opposite direction, a platen having a printing line,
manipulation of a single member for automati
cally causing said feeding means to release said feeding means for feeding a plurality of continu
webs and cartons, for'causing said carrier to be ous webs interleaved with carbons past the print
automatically moved to a retracted position, and ing line of said platen, swab-measuring gage that
for automatically causing said carrier to be is normally urged to inactive position but mov
latched in its retracted position whereby said able to web-measuring position, means condition
webs and carbons are moved to a position to
enable the webs to be easily grasped andpulled
forward relative to said carbons,‘a tear-off bail,
and means govemed‘by the manipulation of a ‘
20
25
30
35
40
able by the operator to cause a selected return of
said carriage automatically to cause said feeding
means to release said webs and carbons, to cause
said webs and carbons tov be automatically re
tracted free of said platen to a position where
their front ends are adjacent said gage, and to
' matically causing said feeding means to grip said I cause said carbons to be automatically held in
'webs and carbons for feeding movement, and for retracted position, whereby the webs and said
automatically releasing said carrier, whereby the v gage may be grasped and pulled forwardly rela
typed section of said webs may be torn off and the tive to said carbons and the gage released for
feeding means used to move said webs and car
return tovinactive position, a tear-off bail, and
means governed by said gage during its return for
bons to anew line space position for typing.
‘21. A continuous multiple billing machine ‘of automatically causing said tear-off bail to be
the class described provided with a platen having 'moved to active position, for automatically caus
ing said feeding means to grip said webs and (
60 a printing line, feeding means for feeding a pin‘
carbons for feeding movement, and for automati
rality of continuous webs interleaved with car
' bons past the printing line of said platen, means cally releasing said carbons from their retracted
governed by the manipulation of a single member position whereby the typed section of the webs
for causing said feeding means to release said may be torn off and the feeding means used to
webs and carbons, for causing said webs and car
move said webs and carbons to a new line space '
,
.
I
bons to be automatically retracted free of said position for typing.
‘ 24. A continuous multiple billing machine of
platen to enable them to move to a position adja
cent a web-measuring gage, and for automatically the class described having a carriage normally
holding said carbons in retracted position, said movable step- y-step across the machine in one
gage being urged to an inactive position but being direction and returnable in the opposite direction,
movable wi h said webs whereby the webs and a platen having a-printing line, feeding means for
single member for causing said tear-off bail to be
automatically moved to active position, for auto
vgage may b_ grasped and pulled forward relative
to the carbons and the gage released for return to
feeding a plurality of continuous‘ webs interleaved
with carbons past the printing line of said platen,
normaLa tear-oil.’ bail, and means governed by said platen being normally held against backward
. said gage during its‘ return to normal for causing‘ rotation, agage that is urged to inactive position ‘.
2,186,671
but movable to web-measuring position, a carrier
of! bail for said webs occupying an active posi-. I '
for supporting said webs and carbons to the rear
of said platen in a plane above the level of said
platen whereby the front portions of said web and
carbons are bent downwardly to pass about said
tion during typing operations, and power means
operable to return said carriage and, as. an in
. platen, power means operable to return said car
riage and, as an incident to a selected return,
automatically to cause said feeding means to re?
lease said webs and carbons, automatically to
10 release said platen for backward rotation, to cause
said webs and carbons to be automatically re
tracted free of said platen so that their front ends
may be moved to a horizontal position adajcent
said gage, and automatically to‘latch said carrier
15 in retracted position, ‘whereby the web-stand gage
may be grasped by the operator and pulled for;
ward and the gage released, a tear-off bail, and
means governed by said gage during its return to
normal after being released for automatically
causing said tear-off bail to be moved to active
position, automatically to cause said feeding
means to grip said webs and‘carbons for feeding
movement, and automatically to release said car
rier, whereby the, typed section‘ of the webs may
be torn off and the feeding means used to move
said webs and carbons to a new line space position
for typing.
2,5. A continuous'multiple billing machine of
the class described having a carriage normally
movable step-by-step across the machine in one
direction, means for returning said carriage in
the opposite direction, a platen having a print
ing line, said platen being normally held against
cident to a selected return, to move said tear
off bail to inactive. position.
'
,
27. A continuous multiple billing machine of
the class described having a traveling paper car
riage, a platen for receiving a plurality of con
tinuous webs interleaved with carbons, feeding
means for feeding said webs and carbons across 10
the printing line of said platen, a tear-off bail '
for said webs occupying an active position dur
ing typing operations, and power means gov-,
erned by said carriage for automatically moving
said tear—oif bail to inactive position.
28. A continuous multiplebilling machine of
the‘ class described having a paper ‘carriage nor
mally movable step-by-step across the machine
in one direction, means for returning said car
riage in the opposite direction, a platen for re 20
ceiving a plurality,‘ of continuous webs inter
leaved withcarbons, a'tear-off bail for said w'ebs
occupying an active position during typing oper-.
ations, and means governed by said carriage dur
ing a selected return thereof for moving said
tear-off bail to inactive position.
"'
29. A continuous multiple billing machine of ‘
the 'clase described having a paper carriage nor
mally movable step-by-step across the machine
in one direction and returnable in the opposite 30
direction, a platen for receiving a plurality of
continuous webs interleaved with carbons, a car
rier movable toward and from said platen, means
backward rotation, feeding means for feeding a
for moving said carrier away from said platen
‘ plurality of continuous webs interleaved with
to a retracted position, a normally disabled latch
ing means for latching said carrier in its re
tracted position, and power means operable to
return said carriage and,'as an incident to a
carbons past the printing line of said platen,’ a
gage that is urged to inactive position but mov
able to web-measuring position, a front auxiliary
web-holding device for engaging said web above
the printing line of said platen, a carrier for
said webs and carbons for supporting them to
selected return, to automatically enable said
latching means.
-
30. A continuous multiple billing machine of
the rear of said platen in a plane above the level
of said platen. so that the webs and carbons are
the class described having a paper carriage nor
bent downwardly to pass about said platen,
means conditionable by said operator for causing
vsaid paper carriage, upon its return, automat
ically to cause said feeding means to release said
webs and carbons, automatically to free said
platen for backward rotation to cause said webs
in one direction, means for returning said car
till and carbons to be automatically retracted to a
position adjacent said gage, and to cause said
carrier to be automaticallylatched in retracted
position, whereby the webs and said gage may
be grasped, pulled forward, and the gage released,
55 a tear-off bail, and means governed by said gage
during its return to inactive position for auto
matically causing said tear-off bail to be moved
to active position, for automatically causing said
mally movable step-by-step across the machine
riage in the opposite direction, a platen for re 45
ceiving a plurality of continuous webs interleaved
with carbons, a carrier movable towardand from
said platen, means for moving said carrier away
from said platen'to a retracted position, a nor
mally disabled latching means for latching said
carrier in its retracted position, and means oper
ated asv an incident to a selected return of said
carriage for automatically enabling said latching
means.
-
"
31. A continuous multiple billing machine of
the class described having a traveling paper
carriage, a platen for receiving a plurality of
continuous webs interleaved with carbons, a car
direction, a platen for receiving a plurality of
rier movable toward and from said p1aten,.said
carrier being normally free for movement, means
for moving carrier away from said platen to a
retracted position, and means governed by said
paper carriage for automatically‘ holding said
carrier against forward movement after said car
rjer has been moved to a retracted position.
32. A continuous multiple billing machine of
the class described having ‘a paper carriage
normally movable step-by-step across the ma
chine in one direction, means for returning said
carriage in the opposite direction, a platen for
receiving a plurality of continuous webs inter
leaved with carbons, a carrier movable toward
and from said platen, said carrier being ‘normally
' free for movement, power means for moving said
continuous webs interleaved with carbons, a tear
carrier’ away from‘ said platen to a retracted
feeding means to grip said webs and carbons for
60 feeding movement, and for automatically releas
ing said carrier from its retracted position,
whereby the type section of the webs may be
torn off and the feeding means used to move
said Webs and carbons to a new line space posi
tion for typing, and meansvoperatlng automati
cally during the movement of said carriage in
typing operations for disabling said carriage con
trolled means by moving it to inactive position
where'it is held until released by the operator.
26. A continuous multiple billing machine of
the class deséi'ibed having a paper carriage nor
mally movable step-by-step across the machine
in‘ one direction and returnable in the ‘opposite
‘2,138,871
12
position, a normally disabled latching means for
said carrier, and automatic means governed by
said carriage during a selected returnior caus
ing said power means to retract said carrier and
for conditioning said latching means to hold
- said carrier in its retracted position.
33. A continuous multiple billing machine of
the class described having a paper carriage
normally movable ste'p-by-step across the ma
10 chine in one direction and returnable in the oppo
‘ site direction, a platen for receiving a plurality
of continuous webs interleaved with carbons,
means for supporting said webs and carbons to
the rear of said platen in a plane above the level
1 of said platen whereby the forward portions of
said webs and carbons are bent downwardly to
pass about the platen, a pair of sets of auxiliary
feed rolls for gripping the portions of said webs
movable from an inactive’v to a web-measurins
position and vice versa, and means governed by
said gage as it is returned to inactive position
for causing said tear-off bail to move to tear-oi!
position.
'
v
38. A continuous multiple billing machine of
the class described having a platen for receiving
a plurality of continuous webs interleaved with
carbons, means for enabling the relative position
of the webs andcarbons to be changed, a tear
10
off bail latched in inactive position while the
relative position of said webs and carbons is be
ing changed, a web gage movable from an inac
tive to a web-measuring position and vice versa,
and means operated by said gage as it is returned 15'
to inactive position- for releasing the tear-o?.’
bail latch to thereby enable the tear-off bail to
move to tear-off position.
39. A continuous multiple billing machine of
and carbons that are bent downwardly, one set of said feed rolls being movable upwardly away class described having va platen for receiving a
from the other, and means operable to return plurality of continuous webs interleaved with car
said carriage and, as an incident to a selected bons, means for enabling the relative position of
return, to retract said webs and carbons free the webs and carbons to be changed, a tear-oi!
of said platen and to move said- movable set of bail normally- occupying an inactive position
feed rolls upwardly to free the front ends of while the relative position of said webs and car 25
said webs and carbons for movement to vertical bons is being changed, a web gage urged to an
inactive position but movable to a web-measuring
34. A continuous multiple billing machine of position from which it may be released for auto
the class described ‘having a platen, feeding matic return to normal, and means governed by
position.
'
_
_
'
said gage during its automatic return to inactive
position for causing said tear-off bail automati
cally to move to tear-oil? position.
40. A continuous multiple billing machine of
ported to the rear of the platen in a plane above '
the level of said platen and being bent down at the class described having a platen for receiving
means for feeding a plurality of continuous webs
interleaved with carbons past the printing line
of said platen, said webs and carbons being sup
their forward portions to pass about said platen, a plurality of continuous webs interleaved with
means for causing said webs and carbons to bev carbons, means for enabling the relative position
of the webs and carbons to be changed, a tear-oi!
moved to a straightened position to permit rela
tive shifting of said webs and carbons, means bail movable. from inactive to active’ position,
operable to bend the forward. ends of said webs means for latching said ball in inactive position
and carbons downwardly to feeding» position, and while the relative position of said webs and car.
means operating automatically to cause said bons is being changed, a web-measuring gage
webs and carbons to be gripped prior to said urged to an inactive position but movable to a
bending movement and to be, released after said web-measuring position from which it may be
released for automatic return to normal, and
35. A continuous multiple billing machine of means governed by said gage for releasing said
the class described having ‘a paper carriage tear-off bail latch to permit said tear-o?? bail
bending.
.
40
_
normally movable step-by-step across the ma
chine in one direction and returnable in the oppo
automatically to move to tear-o? position.
41. A continuous multiple billing machine of
site direction, a platen for receiving a plurality the class described having a platen for receiving
a plurality of continuous webs interleaved with
60 of continuous webs interleaved with carbons, a.‘ carbons, paper-feeding means for feeding said
front auxiliary web-holding device for engaging
said webs above the» printing line of said platen, webs and carbonsacross the printing line of said
and power means operable to return said car-. platen, means for enabling the relative position
riage andras an incident to a selected return, of said webs and carbons to be changed, said
paper-feeding means being held in inactive posi
to move said auxiliary web-holding device to in
tion while the relative position of said webs and
active position.
'
'
'
’
I 36. A continuous multiple billing machine of Lcarbons, is being changed, a web-measuring gage
the class described having a traveling, paper car
riage, a platen for receiving a plurality of con»v
tinuous webs interleaved with carbons, feeding
means for feeding said webs and carbons across
the printing line of said platen, a front auxiliary
web-holding device for engaging‘ said webs and
carbons above the printing line of said platen,
and power means governed by said carriage for
causing said auxiliary web-holding device to be
moved to inactive position.
’
37. A continuous multiple billing machine of
the class described having a platen for receiving
a plurality of continuous webs interleaved with
carbons, means for enabling the relative position
of the webs and carbons to be changed, a tear
o? bail normally occupying an inactive position
while the relative position of said webs and car
bons is being changed, a web-measuring gage
movable from an inactive to a web-measuring
position and vice-versa, and means governed by
said gage as it is returned to inactive position for
automatically causing said feeding means to grip
' said webs and carbons.
v .42. A continuous multiple billing machine of
the. class described having a platen for receiving
a plurality of continuous webs interleaved with 65
carbons, feeding means for feeding said webs and
carbons-across the printing line of said platen,
means for enabling the relative position of said
webs and carbons to be changed, said web-feeding
means being ‘urged to active position but being
latched in inactive position while the relative
position of said webs and carbons is being
changed, a web-measuring gage urged to an
inactive position but movable to a web-measur
ing position. and means operated automatically ‘I6
2,186,671 _,
v13
ing a platen for receiving a plurality of continu
measuring to inactive position for releasing said ' ous webs interleaved with carbons, a carrier for
paper-feeding means to enable the latter to move said webs and carbons movable toward and from
to feeding position.
, Y
said platen, a latching means for holding said
by said gage when released to» move from web
43. A continuous multiple billing machine of
the class described having a platen for receiving
a plurality of continuous webs interleaved with
carbons, feed rolls movable toward and from said‘
platen for feeding said webs and. carbons across
10 the printing line of said platen, means for ena
bling the relative position of said webs and car
bons to be changed, means for moving said feed
carrier in a retracted position away from said
platen, feeding means for feeding said webs and
carbons across theprinting line of said platen,
means for freeing said webs and carbons to per
mit the webs to be pulled forward relative to the
carbons while said carrier is held against move 10
ment, a web-measuring gage movable to and
from a web-measuring position, and, means gov
~ rolls away from said platen, means forlatching ‘ erned by said gage for releasing said carrier.
said feed rolls in, retracted position while the rel
15 ative position of said webs and carbons is being
changed, a web-measuring gage urged to inactive
position but movable to a web-measuring posi
tion, and means operated automatically by said
gage for releasing said feed roll latch to‘ enable
20 the rolls to move to feeding position.
‘
44. A continuous multiple billing machine of
the class described having a platen for receiving
a plurality of continuous webs interleaved with
carbons, feeding means for feeding said webs and
carbons across the printing‘v line of said platen,
48. A continuous multiple billing machine hav
ing a platen for receiving a plurality of continu
ous webs interleaved with carbons, a carrier for
said webs and carbons movable toward and from
said platen, a latching means for holding said
carrier in a retracted position away from, said
platen, feeding means for feeding said webs and 20
carbons across the printing line of said platen,
means for freeing said webs and carbons to per
mit the webs to be pulled forward relative to
the carbons while said carrier is held against
movement, a‘ web-measuring gage movable to 25
a tear-01f bail for said web, means for enabling ‘ and from a web-measuring position, and means
the relative position of said webs and carbons to
be changed, said feeding ‘means and tear-off bail
being held in inactive position while the relative
30 position of said webs and carbons is being
changed, a web-measuring gage movable from an
inactive to a web-measuring position and vice
versa, and means governed by said gage during
its return to inactive position for automatically
causing said tear-off bail and said paper-feeding
means to be moved to active position.
I
45. A continuous multiple billing machine of
the class described having a platen for receiving
a plurality of continuous webs interleaved with
40 carbons, feeding means for feeding said webs and
> carbons across the printing line of said platen,
means for enabling the relative position of'said
webs and carbons to be changed, said feeding
means including auxiliary feed rolls, some of
45 which are held in inactive position while the
relative position of said webs and carbons is be
ing changed, a web-measuring gage movable
from an inactive to a web-measuring position
and vice versa, and means governed by said gage
50 during its return from web-measuring to inac
tive position for automatically causing said aux .
iliary feed rolls to grip said webs and carbons
and move them to a position immediately adja
cent said platen.
.
>
governed by the return of said gage to inactive
position for releasing said carrier. ;
49. A continuous multiple billing machine hav
ing a platen for receiving a plurality of continu
ous‘ webs interleaved with carbons, a carrier for
said webs and carbons, said carrier being mov
able away fom said platen to a retracted position
where it is latched, feeding means for feeding
said webs and carbons across the printing line 35
of said platen, means forreleasing said webs
and carbons to enable the webs to be pulled for
ward relative to the carbons while said carrier
is latched, a web-measuring gage urged to inac
tive position but adapted to be pulled forward 40.
with said webs and released, and means operated
by said gage ‘during its movement to inactive
position after beingireleased for releasing said
carrier latch whereby the carrier is freed for line
spaclng movement.
45
50. A continuous multiple billing machine of
the class described having a platen for receiving
a plurality of continuous webs interleaved with
carbons, a carrier for said webs and carbons, said
carrier being movable away from said platen to 50
a retracted position where it is latched, feeding
means for feeding said webs and carbons across
the printing line of said platen, means for re
leasing said webs and carbons to enable the webs
46. A continuous multiple billing machine of to be pulled forward relative to the carbons 55
the class described having a platenfor receiving while said carrier is latched, a sliding web-meas
a plurality of continuous webs interleaved with ‘uring gage urged to inactive position but adapted
carbons, feeding means for feeding said webs to be pulled forward with said webs and released,
and carbons across the printing line‘ of said , and an adjustable stop for limiting the forward
60 platen, means for enabling the relative position movement of said gage to indicate the proper
of said webs and carbons to be changed, said movement of said forms.
feeding means including auxiliary feed rolls, '
51. A continuous multiple billing machine of
meansv for latching said auxiliary feed rolls in the class described having a platen for receiving
open position while the relative position of said. ' a plurality of continuous webs interleaved with
v65 webs and carbons is being changed, a web
carbons, means for enabling the relative position 65
measuring gage movable from an inactive to a of the webs and carbons to be changed, a tear
,webl-measuringl position‘ and vice versa, and oif ball movable from inactive to active position
means governed by said gage for automatically and, normally occupying an inactive position
releasing saidv auxiliary feed roll latch to permit while the relative position of said webs and car
70 said auxiliary feed ‘rolls to grip said webs and bons is being'changed, and means for latching 70
said bail'in'either inactive or active position.
carbons and to move them to a position imme
55
, diately adjacent said platen.
fi’l. A continuous multiple billing machine hav
' ' THOMAS M. BUTLER.
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