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Патент USA US2136678

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Nov. 15, 1938.
I J_ 3, DYM
'
2,136,678
PR‘OTECTIVE HEADGEAR
Fil‘ed Nov. 7, 193a
INVENTOR.
W ‘64%
Patented Nov. 15, 1938
I 2,136,678
UNITED STATES
‘PATENT OFFICE‘
2,136,678
PROTECTIVE HEADGEAR
Joseph B. Dym, Pittsburgh, Pa'., assignor to Mine
Safety Appliances Company, Pittsburgh, Pa.,
. a corporation of Pennsylvania
Application November 7, 1936, Serial No. 109,730
9 Claims.
This invention relates to head-gear and more
particularly to protective head-gear for indus
trial use.
In order to reduce manufacturing costs it has
been the standard practice heretofore to man
ufacture certain types of head-gear, such as pro
tective or safety head-gear, in only a few, and
preferably one, standard size, which was pro
vided with adjustable head-engaging means to
10 thereby adapt the head-gear to ?t heads of
various shapes and sizes. However, the use of
adjustable means, as for example, adjustable
head-band's, has occasioned di?iculty due to the
fact that the adjusting means either did not
15 provide a satisfactory ?t after adjustment or
resulted in an off-center mounting of the head
gear upon the head. Again, adjustable head
bands were apt to be relatively complicated and
thereby expensive and were often di?icult and.
20 time-consuming to adjust. Likewise, changes
from the largest to the smallest head size often
resulted in a wrinkled or unsatisfactory head
band support for the head-gear.
.
It is the general object of my invention to
overcome the foregoing and other difficulties of
known adjustable size head-gears by the pro
vision of a relatively simple and inexpensive, but
sturdy and comfortable head-gear of a standard
size having a quickly replaceable head-band of
any desired particular size.
Another object of my invention is to provide
a head-gear having an adjustable head-engaging
(Cl. 2-481)
the features of my invention; Fig. 2 is a vertical
sectional view of the headgear of Fig. 1 taken
on line 11-11 thereof; Fig. 3 is an enlarged frag
mentary sectional view taken on line III—III of
Fig. 2; Fig. 4 is a modi?cation of the securing
means of Fig. 3; and Fig.5 is another mod?ca
tion of the securing means of Fig. 3.
While the principles of my invention are
broadly‘ applicable to the manufacture of any
type of head-gear, such as hats, caps, sun, mili
tary, or police helmets, and the like, they are
particularly applicable to the manufacture of
safety or protective head-gear for industrial use,
as in mines, and accordingly the invention has
been so illustrated and will be so described.
Having particular reference to Figs. 1 and 2
of the drawing, the numeral l0 indicates gen
erally a rigid crown of a protective head-gear
which in the embodiment of the invention illus
trated is formed with an integral brim I2. The
crown and brim are stamped or molded, usually
in a single or standard size, from any suitable
material, such as metal, synthetic resin, hard
rubber, or asphaltic composition with or with
out fabric reinforcement. In all events, the
resulting crown and brim are adapted to resist
blows or impacts and to protect the wearer of
the hat. Secured to the crown I0 is an inverted
cradle or hammock which is adapted to engage
with the wearer’s head and support the hat.
In the form of the invention shown, the cradle
comprises a plurality, generally four, of tapes
cradle and a removable head-band whereby the
I4, which are secured at their ends to the crown
head-gear can be adapted 'to comfortably ?t
heads of widely varying shapes and sizes, in a
minimum of time and with the head-gear being
l0 adjacent the brim l2. Preferably this is
accomplished by the socket halves I 6 of snap
properly. centered upon the head of the wearer.
fasteners which extend through the crown H] as
shown in Fig. 2 and tightly secure the ends of
The foregoing and other objects of my in
vention are achieved by the provision of a head
gear comprising a crown‘ of standard size hav
the tapes M to the crown. If desired, the tape
ends may be reinforced by an additional tape
portion l8 stitched thereto. The upper ends of
ing an adjustable cradle therein and a remov
able head-band of a particular size. The head
the tapes'lll are turned back upon themselves
and stitched to form loops 20 which receive a
draw string 22 whereby the size of the cradle can
band is removably held in the crown by suit~
able means, such as snap fasteners, which have . be adjusted to ?t the head of the hat wearer.
one half of each fastener secured to the head
Removably secured in the crown I0 is a hat
band by tapes. extending substantially parallel band 26 of a particular size. The band 26 can
thereto but with the portions of the tapes adja
be of any usual or known construction but pref
cent the fasteners being unsecured to the head
erably comprises a leather strip 28 bent around
band. The other halves of each fastener are a ?at strip 30 of ?ber and secured thereto as by
secured to the crown and function to fasten the stitching 32. The hat band is removably mount
cradle thereto.
ed in the crown I0 and for this purpose tapes
For‘ a better understanding of the invention, 34 are secured near their ends (see Fig. 3) to the
reference should be had to the accompanying - band 26 as by stitching 36 adjacent each of the
drawing wherein Fig. 1 is a bottom plan view of socket fasteners 16. Near the center and unse
55 one embodiment of a head-gear incorporating ouredportion of each tape 34 a pin half 38 of a 55
2
2,136,678
fastener member is secured which as shown in
Fig. 2 is adapted to be received in a socket fas
tener portion IS. The tape 34, having a ?at
of various kinds and characteristics and are par
tened V-shape, as best seen in Fig. 3, and secured
to the head-band 26 only at its ends, has an
unsecured portion near the pin fastener member
ticularly adapted for use with protective or safety
38 so that, while the tape extends substantially
parallel to the head-band 26, it is free to move
toward and from the band with a limited move
10 ment whereby the tape and pin fastener 38 can
be secured to a socket fastener Hi. It should be
noted also that I preferably secure the pin fas
tener 38 to each tape 34 at a point vertically
offset from the point where the stitching 36 fas
15 tens the ends of the ?attened V-shaped tapes
to the head-band 26. This arrangement of parts
not only allows movement of the downwardly
extending ?ap-like portions of the tapes toward
or from the head-band without wrinkling the
20 head-band but also secures the crown ID to the
head-band so that the weight of the crown is
borne directly to the head-band substantially in
the ?at plane of the tapes. .
In Fig. 4 I have illustrated a modi?ed form of
25 tape for securing the head-band to the crown.
More speci?cally, a short rectangular strip of tape
34a is provided which is secured near its top to a
head-band 26a by stitching 36a. The tape 34a
is provided with a pin half of a fastener 38a simi
30 lar to fastener 38 whereby the tape and head
band can be quickly secured to the socket fas
tener I6 carried by the crown l0.
'
Another modi?cation of the means for releas
ably securing the head-band to the crown is
shown in Fig. 5 wherein a tape 34b of relatively
sharp V-shape is employed. The tape ‘34b is se
cured to a head-band 261) by stitching 361), as
40
The principles of the invention can be employed
with caps, hats, sun helmets, and like head-gear
illustrated, and pin halves of fasteners 38b fas
tened to the ends and bottom of V-tape 341)
complete the assembly.
The function and operation of the securing
means of Figs. 4 and 5 are similar to that of the
securing means shown in Fig. 3 except that the
means of Fig. 5 require additional socket fas
teners on the crown ID, as will be understood.
I have found that by the construction described
I am able to mold or stamp a head-gear having a
crown and associated portions of a single size and
that head-bands of any particular size can be
50 quickly fastened in the crown so as to adapt the
head-gear to use by a person having a head of a
particular head-band size. In practice, the store
or company selling or using my improved head
gear provides the head-gears in a single standard
55 size and head-bands of a wide variety of sizes.
The purchaser of the head-gear then buys or
obtains the crown of standard size and a head
band of his particular head size and quickly snaps
it into the crown. The cradle is adjusted by
.60 means of the draw string 22 so as to properly
engage with the head of the wearer of the head
gear.
From the foregoing it will‘ be seen that the
objects of my invention have been achieved by
the provision of an improved head-gear, particu
larly of the safety-or protective type, having a
standard crown size and a quickly removable
head-band whereby any particular size head
band can be employed. The means‘ for mounting
70 the head-band in the crown are inexpensive,
rugged, and long-wearing. They are readily op
erated by the ordinary individual to secure the
head-band in the head-gear in an unwrinkled and
centered relation regardless of whether the par
75 ticular head-band is the smallest or largest size.
head-gear.
'
While, in accordance with the patent statutes,
one embodiment of my invention has been illus
trated and described in detail, it should be ap
preciated that the invention is not limited thereto
or thereby but is de?ned in the appended claims. 10
I claim:
I
I
1. A-protective head-gear comprising a rigid
blow resistant crown of a standard size, a brim
formed integral with the crown, a head cradle in
the crown and adapted to engage the head of the 15
wearer of the head-gear, means comprising socket
halves of snap fasteners securing the ends of the
cradle to the crown, means for adjusting the size
of the cradle, a head-band of a ‘particular head
size, means removably securing the head-band to 20
the crown, said last-named means including tapes
secured adjacent their ends to the band, a pin
half of a snap fastener secured to each tape adja
cent its center and vertically below the points at
which the tapes are secured to the band, said pin 25
half of a snap'fastener being removably received
in a socket snap fastener.
'
2. A protective head-gear comprising a rigid
blow resistant crown, a head cradle in the crown
and adapted to engage the head of the wearer of 30
the head-gear, means comprising socket halves
of snap fasteners securing the cradle to the crown,
means for adjusting the size of the cradle and
the distance between the crown and the unsecured
portion of the cradle, a head-band, means re- ,
movably securing the head-band to the crown,
said last-named means including ?attened V
shaped tapes secured adjacent their ends to the
band, a pin half of a snap fastener secured to
each tape adjacent the bottom of the V and 40
removably receivedin a socket snap fastener.
3. A protective head-gear comprising a rigid
blow resistant crown, a head-band, means remov~
ably securing the head-band to the crown, said
last-named means including ?attened V-shaped 45
tapes secured adjacent their ends to the band,
means secured to each tape adjacent the bottom
of the Y and removably secured to the crown.
4. A protective head-gear comprising a rigid
blow resistant crown, a head cradle in the crown
and adapted to engage the head of the wearer
of the head-gear, means comprising snap fas
teners securing the cradle to the crown, means
for adjusting the size of. the cradle, a head-band,
‘and means removably securing the head-band to
the crown and engaging with the snap fasteners.
5. A head-gear comprising a standard size
crown, a head cradle in the crown and adapted
to engage the head of the wearer of the head
gear, means comprising halves of snap fasteners 60
securing the cradle to the crown, means for ad
justing the size of the cradle, a head-band of a
particular head size, and mating halves of snap
fasteners securing the head-band to the crown
and engaging with the first mentioned fastener 65
halves.
6. A head-gear comprising a crown of a stand
ard size, a head-band of a particular size remov
ably secured therein by snap fasteners, one half
of each fastener being secured to the crown, the 70
other half of each fastener being secured to the
head-band by tapes extending substantiallyvpar
allel to the head-band but secured thereto along a
substantially horizontal line at the upper edge of
the tape.
75 -.
3
2,136,678
7. A protective head-gear comprising a rigid
blow resistant crown, a brim formed integral with
the crown, an inverted head cradle in the crown
and adapted to engage the head of the wearer of
the head-gear, means comprising female halves
of snap fasteners securing the cradle to the crown,
means for adjusting the size of the cradle and.
the distance between the crown and the unsecured
portion of the cradle, a head-band, means remov
ably securing the head-band to the crown, said
last-named means including loops secured adja
cent their ends to the band, a male half of a snap
fastener secured to each loop adjacent its center
15.
and removably received in a female snap fastener.
8. A head-gear comprising a crown of standard
size, a head-band of a particular size, vtapes se
cured to the band at circumferentially spaced
points and each having a downwardly extending
?ap portion free for movement to and from the
band and the crown, quickly removable means
for securing the flap portions of the tapes to the
crown, and an adjustable cradle secured to the,
crown by the means securing the fiapportions
of the tapes to the crown.
9. A head-gear comprising a crown of standard
size, a head-band of a particular size, snap fas
teners removably securing the head-band to the
crown, V-shaped tapes securing the snap fas 10
teners to the head-band, said tapes being secured
by the upper legs of the V to the head-band and
carrying the snap fasteners at the bottom of the
V, the tapes extending substantially parallel to
the head-band but with the portions of the tapes
carrying ‘the fasteners being spaced from the
head-band.
'
JOSEPH B. DYM.
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