Патент USA US2136678код для вставки
Nov. 15, 1938. I J_ 3, DYM ' 2,136,678 PR‘OTECTIVE HEADGEAR Fil‘ed Nov. 7, 193a INVENTOR. W ‘64% Patented Nov. 15, 1938 I 2,136,678 UNITED STATES ‘PATENT OFFICE‘ 2,136,678 PROTECTIVE HEADGEAR Joseph B. Dym, Pittsburgh, Pa'., assignor to Mine Safety Appliances Company, Pittsburgh, Pa., . a corporation of Pennsylvania Application November 7, 1936, Serial No. 109,730 9 Claims. This invention relates to head-gear and more particularly to protective head-gear for indus trial use. In order to reduce manufacturing costs it has been the standard practice heretofore to man ufacture certain types of head-gear, such as pro tective or safety head-gear, in only a few, and preferably one, standard size, which was pro vided with adjustable head-engaging means to 10 thereby adapt the head-gear to ?t heads of various shapes and sizes. However, the use of adjustable means, as for example, adjustable head-band's, has occasioned di?iculty due to the fact that the adjusting means either did not 15 provide a satisfactory ?t after adjustment or resulted in an off-center mounting of the head gear upon the head. Again, adjustable head bands were apt to be relatively complicated and thereby expensive and were often di?icult and. 20 time-consuming to adjust. Likewise, changes from the largest to the smallest head size often resulted in a wrinkled or unsatisfactory head band support for the head-gear. . It is the general object of my invention to overcome the foregoing and other difficulties of known adjustable size head-gears by the pro vision of a relatively simple and inexpensive, but sturdy and comfortable head-gear of a standard size having a quickly replaceable head-band of any desired particular size. Another object of my invention is to provide a head-gear having an adjustable head-engaging (Cl. 2-481) the features of my invention; Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view of the headgear of Fig. 1 taken on line 11-11 thereof; Fig. 3 is an enlarged frag mentary sectional view taken on line III—III of Fig. 2; Fig. 4 is a modi?cation of the securing means of Fig. 3; and Fig.5 is another mod?ca tion of the securing means of Fig. 3. While the principles of my invention are broadly‘ applicable to the manufacture of any type of head-gear, such as hats, caps, sun, mili tary, or police helmets, and the like, they are particularly applicable to the manufacture of safety or protective head-gear for industrial use, as in mines, and accordingly the invention has been so illustrated and will be so described. Having particular reference to Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawing, the numeral l0 indicates gen erally a rigid crown of a protective head-gear which in the embodiment of the invention illus trated is formed with an integral brim I2. The crown and brim are stamped or molded, usually in a single or standard size, from any suitable material, such as metal, synthetic resin, hard rubber, or asphaltic composition with or with out fabric reinforcement. In all events, the resulting crown and brim are adapted to resist blows or impacts and to protect the wearer of the hat. Secured to the crown I0 is an inverted cradle or hammock which is adapted to engage with the wearer’s head and support the hat. In the form of the invention shown, the cradle comprises a plurality, generally four, of tapes cradle and a removable head-band whereby the I4, which are secured at their ends to the crown head-gear can be adapted 'to comfortably ?t heads of widely varying shapes and sizes, in a minimum of time and with the head-gear being l0 adjacent the brim l2. Preferably this is accomplished by the socket halves I 6 of snap properly. centered upon the head of the wearer. fasteners which extend through the crown H] as shown in Fig. 2 and tightly secure the ends of The foregoing and other objects of my in vention are achieved by the provision of a head gear comprising a crown‘ of standard size hav the tapes M to the crown. If desired, the tape ends may be reinforced by an additional tape portion l8 stitched thereto. The upper ends of ing an adjustable cradle therein and a remov able head-band of a particular size. The head the tapes'lll are turned back upon themselves and stitched to form loops 20 which receive a draw string 22 whereby the size of the cradle can band is removably held in the crown by suit~ able means, such as snap fasteners, which have . be adjusted to ?t the head of the hat wearer. one half of each fastener secured to the head Removably secured in the crown I0 is a hat band by tapes. extending substantially parallel band 26 of a particular size. The band 26 can thereto but with the portions of the tapes adja be of any usual or known construction but pref cent the fasteners being unsecured to the head erably comprises a leather strip 28 bent around band. The other halves of each fastener are a ?at strip 30 of ?ber and secured thereto as by secured to the crown and function to fasten the stitching 32. The hat band is removably mount cradle thereto. ed in the crown I0 and for this purpose tapes For‘ a better understanding of the invention, 34 are secured near their ends (see Fig. 3) to the reference should be had to the accompanying - band 26 as by stitching 36 adjacent each of the drawing wherein Fig. 1 is a bottom plan view of socket fasteners 16. Near the center and unse 55 one embodiment of a head-gear incorporating ouredportion of each tape 34 a pin half 38 of a 55 2 2,136,678 fastener member is secured which as shown in Fig. 2 is adapted to be received in a socket fas tener portion IS. The tape 34, having a ?at of various kinds and characteristics and are par tened V-shape, as best seen in Fig. 3, and secured to the head-band 26 only at its ends, has an unsecured portion near the pin fastener member ticularly adapted for use with protective or safety 38 so that, while the tape extends substantially parallel to the head-band 26, it is free to move toward and from the band with a limited move 10 ment whereby the tape and pin fastener 38 can be secured to a socket fastener Hi. It should be noted also that I preferably secure the pin fas tener 38 to each tape 34 at a point vertically offset from the point where the stitching 36 fas 15 tens the ends of the ?attened V-shaped tapes to the head-band 26. This arrangement of parts not only allows movement of the downwardly extending ?ap-like portions of the tapes toward or from the head-band without wrinkling the 20 head-band but also secures the crown ID to the head-band so that the weight of the crown is borne directly to the head-band substantially in the ?at plane of the tapes. . In Fig. 4 I have illustrated a modi?ed form of 25 tape for securing the head-band to the crown. More speci?cally, a short rectangular strip of tape 34a is provided which is secured near its top to a head-band 26a by stitching 36a. The tape 34a is provided with a pin half of a fastener 38a simi 30 lar to fastener 38 whereby the tape and head band can be quickly secured to the socket fas tener I6 carried by the crown l0. ' Another modi?cation of the means for releas ably securing the head-band to the crown is shown in Fig. 5 wherein a tape 34b of relatively sharp V-shape is employed. The tape ‘34b is se cured to a head-band 261) by stitching 361), as 40 The principles of the invention can be employed with caps, hats, sun helmets, and like head-gear illustrated, and pin halves of fasteners 38b fas tened to the ends and bottom of V-tape 341) complete the assembly. The function and operation of the securing means of Figs. 4 and 5 are similar to that of the securing means shown in Fig. 3 except that the means of Fig. 5 require additional socket fas teners on the crown ID, as will be understood. I have found that by the construction described I am able to mold or stamp a head-gear having a crown and associated portions of a single size and that head-bands of any particular size can be 50 quickly fastened in the crown so as to adapt the head-gear to use by a person having a head of a particular head-band size. In practice, the store or company selling or using my improved head gear provides the head-gears in a single standard 55 size and head-bands of a wide variety of sizes. The purchaser of the head-gear then buys or obtains the crown of standard size and a head band of his particular head size and quickly snaps it into the crown. The cradle is adjusted by .60 means of the draw string 22 so as to properly engage with the head of the wearer of the head gear. From the foregoing it will‘ be seen that the objects of my invention have been achieved by the provision of an improved head-gear, particu larly of the safety-or protective type, having a standard crown size and a quickly removable head-band whereby any particular size head band can be employed. The means‘ for mounting 70 the head-band in the crown are inexpensive, rugged, and long-wearing. They are readily op erated by the ordinary individual to secure the head-band in the head-gear in an unwrinkled and centered relation regardless of whether the par 75 ticular head-band is the smallest or largest size. head-gear. ' While, in accordance with the patent statutes, one embodiment of my invention has been illus trated and described in detail, it should be ap preciated that the invention is not limited thereto or thereby but is de?ned in the appended claims. 10 I claim: I I 1. A-protective head-gear comprising a rigid blow resistant crown of a standard size, a brim formed integral with the crown, a head cradle in the crown and adapted to engage the head of the 15 wearer of the head-gear, means comprising socket halves of snap fasteners securing the ends of the cradle to the crown, means for adjusting the size of the cradle, a head-band of a ‘particular head size, means removably securing the head-band to 20 the crown, said last-named means including tapes secured adjacent their ends to the band, a pin half of a snap fastener secured to each tape adja cent its center and vertically below the points at which the tapes are secured to the band, said pin 25 half of a snap'fastener being removably received in a socket snap fastener. ' 2. A protective head-gear comprising a rigid blow resistant crown, a head cradle in the crown and adapted to engage the head of the wearer of 30 the head-gear, means comprising socket halves of snap fasteners securing the cradle to the crown, means for adjusting the size of the cradle and the distance between the crown and the unsecured portion of the cradle, a head-band, means re- , movably securing the head-band to the crown, said last-named means including ?attened V shaped tapes secured adjacent their ends to the band, a pin half of a snap fastener secured to each tape adjacent the bottom of the V and 40 removably receivedin a socket snap fastener. 3. A protective head-gear comprising a rigid blow resistant crown, a head-band, means remov~ ably securing the head-band to the crown, said last-named means including ?attened V-shaped 45 tapes secured adjacent their ends to the band, means secured to each tape adjacent the bottom of the Y and removably secured to the crown. 4. A protective head-gear comprising a rigid blow resistant crown, a head cradle in the crown and adapted to engage the head of the wearer of the head-gear, means comprising snap fas teners securing the cradle to the crown, means for adjusting the size of. the cradle, a head-band, ‘and means removably securing the head-band to the crown and engaging with the snap fasteners. 5. A head-gear comprising a standard size crown, a head cradle in the crown and adapted to engage the head of the wearer of the head gear, means comprising halves of snap fasteners 60 securing the cradle to the crown, means for ad justing the size of the cradle, a head-band of a particular head size, and mating halves of snap fasteners securing the head-band to the crown and engaging with the first mentioned fastener 65 halves. 6. A head-gear comprising a crown of a stand ard size, a head-band of a particular size remov ably secured therein by snap fasteners, one half of each fastener being secured to the crown, the 70 other half of each fastener being secured to the head-band by tapes extending substantiallyvpar allel to the head-band but secured thereto along a substantially horizontal line at the upper edge of the tape. 75 -. 3 2,136,678 7. A protective head-gear comprising a rigid blow resistant crown, a brim formed integral with the crown, an inverted head cradle in the crown and adapted to engage the head of the wearer of the head-gear, means comprising female halves of snap fasteners securing the cradle to the crown, means for adjusting the size of the cradle and. the distance between the crown and the unsecured portion of the cradle, a head-band, means remov ably securing the head-band to the crown, said last-named means including loops secured adja cent their ends to the band, a male half of a snap fastener secured to each loop adjacent its center 15. and removably received in a female snap fastener. 8. A head-gear comprising a crown of standard size, a head-band of a particular size, vtapes se cured to the band at circumferentially spaced points and each having a downwardly extending ?ap portion free for movement to and from the band and the crown, quickly removable means for securing the flap portions of the tapes to the crown, and an adjustable cradle secured to the, crown by the means securing the fiapportions of the tapes to the crown. 9. A head-gear comprising a crown of standard size, a head-band of a particular size, snap fas teners removably securing the head-band to the crown, V-shaped tapes securing the snap fas 10 teners to the head-band, said tapes being secured by the upper legs of the V to the head-band and carrying the snap fasteners at the bottom of the V, the tapes extending substantially parallel to the head-band but with the portions of the tapes carrying ‘the fasteners being spaced from the head-band. ' JOSEPH B. DYM.