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Патент USA US2136744

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Nov. 15, 1938.
2,136,744
J. G. HUYE
HAT PACKING STAY AND -COMBINATION PACKAGE
F11/ed Aug. 24', 195e
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
MJ
Smc/wm
Joseph 6?. f1
m,m
Nov. 15, 193s.
J, Q_ HUYE
'
A 2,136,744l
HAT PACKING STAY AND COMBINATION PACKAGE
Filed Aug. 24, 1936
2 Sheets-Sheet 2>
77776,@.5
' w56@ @i
¿Bügel
Patented Nov. 15, 1938
UNITED STATES
PATENT OFFICE
I 2,136,744
HAT PACKING STAY ANDK COMBINATION
,
,
PACKAGE
`^
.
Joseph G. Huye, New Orleans, La;
Application August 24, 1936, Serial No. 97,703
8 Claims.
This` invention relates to hat packing stays and
is primarily intended for use by the hat manu
facturer in packing and shipping his product.
In the felt hat manufacturing business it is of
5 great importance from the commercial viewpoint
In the accompanying drawings:
Figure 1V represents-a vertical sectional view on
the line i-I 4of Figure 2, looking in the direc
t-_ion of the arrows, through a box in which a plu
ral‘ity of hats are packed bythe aid of the com
that felthats shall be so packed that as shipped
they will not be subjected to the pressure of any
bination `of elements embodying `my invention;
sustaining packing ring, or impressed or indented
Figurefl, looking in the `direction of the arrow;
or marked by any packing ring. Also, it is of
importance that they shall `not be dented or
mussed up in any manner, but shall be received
substantially in perfect ironed condition, the same
as the conditionin which they were `at the time
of completion at the factory.
Also, it is of importance to reduce as far as
possible` the number >of packing boxes required,
the weight `of material used in making such boxes,
and in general the expense incident to such pack
mg.
i
The present invention has been developed with
the foregoing considerations in mind and has for
its object to provide a combination of elements
whereby a plurality of felt hats may be packed
in superposed or nested relation in such manner
25 that no hat in the package will be subjected to
I
(C11 20G-8)
the _weight of .any other hat or to any pressure of
>any part; to provide means for centering and
anchoring the lower hat against endwise or side
Ui
i Figure 2, a Sectional view on the line 2_2 of
Figure 3', >a sectional view on 'the `line 3-3 of
Figure 2„looking in the direction of the arrows; 10
Figure 4, aperspective View from the under
neath of o_ne of the centering elements;
>Figure 5, a sectional view on the line 5_5 of
Figure l, looking in the _direction of the arrows;
Figure 6,.a top perspective‘view of the anchor 15
ing element;
`
i
`
l
_
Figure 7, a plan view of the top spacing ele
ment |20, in flat condition;
Figure 8,4 atop plan view of the anchoring ele
20
ment .I, in flat condition;
Figure 9„fa view similar to Figure 5, of a modi
ñed form; and `
Figure 10, a fragmentary detailed perspective
view of a modified means of securing the lapping
portions of the supporting flange or rim to
gether.V
`
„
`
Referring >now in> detail to the drawings, A des
ignates the body ofthe box; B, the top of the box;
wise movement; to provide separate‘individualy C, the bottom of thebox; D, `the hats having
30 ‘means `for centering or preventing endwise or
sidewise ‘movement of each of the superposed
. hats;‘ to provide means` for preventing the move
ment of any hat in a direction endwise of the
stack of hats in case the box or container should
be inverted incident to handling in shipping, such
` means being so related to said individual center
ing means and the respective brims of the re
spective hatsV as not to be in contact with the
brims of, the respective hats when the shipping
40, container‘is in normal position; to provide said
" anchoringmeans in each of said centering means
with a vertical flange portion or rim to support
the immediately next above centering means in
association with a special 'spacing flange pro
45 vided on the top centering means, whereby said
respective rims in association with `their center
ing means will support the weight of the respec
tive hats and whereby a continuous built-up
supporting structure will be formed, very efficient
ly supplementing the strength of _the shipping
' box or container, making it practical to simply
5.5
pack the hats in the usual packing box, tie up or
seal the same, and ship it, without need to place
it in aheavy board or corrugated board shipping
box such as is now the common practice.
sweatbands d >and brims d’.
,
I
The anchoring element I will be inserted in the
body A of the box to rest against the upper base ,
of the bottom C thereof,
f
Said anchoring element I is formed as a flat
sheet and hasan octagonal, vertical supporting y35
rim or flange 2 integral therewith, said flange `be
ing made up of> sections or portions scored for
fold lines at 2a, cut or severed from the body of
anchor element I on lines 2b from the respective
score lines 1‘2a tozthe adjacent corners, to form
Vfree end portions, said sections being folded into
vertical position` along scored lines 2c extending
between the transverse score lines 2a. When
folded intoY this position the free end portions
are folded along‘score lines 2a into‘lapping rela
tion and each such pair 'of Àlapping ends are se
cured together in any known suitable and usual
manner as-by a wire staple 2d) `Said supporting
rim may be about the height of the sweatband, or
approximately 2" in height, but in any event
should be of such height as to support the imme
diately next above centering and supporting ele
ment I2 or I20 at such point that the interior
ofthe hat supported by the latter will not en
4,5
2
2,136,744
gage or press against the crown of the next lower`
lower end edges of the respective stops or spac
hat.
The flat area of the anchor element I is formed
with two pair of end centering wings or fingers
3 and two side centering wings or ñngers 4,
said wings or fingers 3 and 4 being integral with
anchor member I. The wings 3 are formed in
pair by being severed along the lines 5 and 'I and
the line 9 common to the two wings, three of each
10 pair, and when erected in the operative position
ing ears I3 from resting upon or even lightly con
are folded along the score lines || so as to pre
sent their operative end edges 5’ toward, and to
engage, the sweatband d adjacent, and equal dis
tance from, the respective ends of the lower hat
D. The side centering wings or fingers 4 are
formed by being severed along the lines 6 and 8
and in operative position are folded into vertical
position along the score lines I0, wherein their
laterally outer operative edges 6’ will engage the
20 respective side portions of the sweatband d.
Prior to actual use in connection with the pack
ing and shipping of hats the anchoring element
I will be stored, shipped, and kept in collapsed
or flat condition, wherein it is simply a flat sheet
25 of paper board or cardboard capable of being kept
in large` quantities in a very small space im
mediately available at hand for instant use, and
tacting the brims d’ of the respective next lower
hats, when the package is in normal position.
By having only a very slight diiîerence between
the vertical length of the stop or spacing ears I3
and the ?langing or supporting rims 2, the lower
end edges of the respective stops or spacing ears
I3, while maintained out of contact with the
brims d’ of the respective hats when the package 10
is in normal position, are spaced at such a slight
interval from said brims d’ respectively that
should the package be inverted in shipping or
handling no hat would have >any appreciable
vertical movement toward said stops or spacing
ears I3 and could not attain any such momentum
in such movement as would in any way indent,
or mar, or muss any of said hats.
Preferably each said member I2 and the spacing
centering m-ember |20 is formed with two iinger 20
holds I5, respectively, adjacent the respective
stops or spacing ears I3 to the end that the packer
may stick his foreñngers, respectively, through the
respective holds I5 and hold the respective stops
or spacing gears I3 back out of the way so as not 25
to muss up the next lower hat as the hats and
elements are inserted in the body A of the box
as used it will v have its flange 2 erected and
during the packing operation and also to provide
stapled together and its end centering wings 3
30 and its side centering wings 4 erected in the
vertical position before being inserted into body A
of the box to rest against and be supported by
a convenient finger grip for removing the spac
ing and centering and supporting elements |20
and I2, respectively, from the box without
the bottom C thereof.
The centering and supporting elements I2, five
35 in number in the preferred style of package, and
the spacing centering element |20 are each formed
with an elliptical or oval centercentering open
ing I4 corresponding in general outline, except
for the two end notches, to the cross-sectional
40 form of the crown of the hat D received thereby
and being of such size as to be spaced at all
points at a slight distance from the outer face
of the hat crown, say by an interval of approxi
mately not in excess of nl: of an inch at all points
45 from said hat crown. The purpose in providing
this space or clearance between the wall yof open
ing I4 and theopposed face of said hat crown is
to avoid contact by said wall with said crown
when the package is in normal upright position,
50' and yet to provide a support for the hat crown,
and the hat as a whole, in case the package should
be tilted or laid upon its side, the very small inter
val between said hat crown and wall avoiding
the attaining by said hat of any such momentum
55 as might be calculated to dent or mar said hat
crown, it being noted in this connection that each
hat is supported and centered by its respective
supporting and centering means for element I2
and its spacing and centering means |20, and that
60 the weight of no hat in transmitted to any other
hat.
'
Each centering and supporting element I2 is
mussing up any of the hats as the same are un
packed by the hat dealer.
Each centering and supporting member or ele
ment I2 is provided with a supporting rim or 0
flange 2, preferably octagonal in outline, con
structed, erected, and in all other respects the
same as the rim 2 heretofore described in detail
in connection with the anchor element I.
'I'he spacing and centering element |20, which is 40
the topmost element in the box, is provided with
a supporting octogonal flange or rim 20 con
structed and erected in the same manner as de
scribed with relation to the rim 2 of the anchor
ing element I, except that said rim 20 is approxi 45
mately double the height of the rim 2, in any
event being of such height as to extend upward
appreciably beyond the highest point of the crown
of the top hat D, and preferably to substantiate
the upper edge of the body A of the box, so as to 50
protect the crown of the upper hat D against
being dented, mashed or otherwise mussed.
To use the anchoring element I is erected as
above described, a hat is applied to the anchor
ing means 3 and 4 and thereafter the anchoring 55
element I is inserted in the body A of the box to
rest upon the top of bottom C thereof. There
after the centering and supporting elements I2
erected as above described and the hats D are
inserted in the body A in alternation, the cor 60
ners of the centering and supporting elements
I2 extending across and resting upon the upper
edges of the lap ends of the rim 2 of the an
choring element I and the immediately next be
low rim 2 of the respective centering and sup 65
porting elements I2, until six hats D shall have
formed with two stops or spacing ears I3 respec
tively integral with said element and folded into
65 vertical position along scored fold lines I 3'. Said
stops or spacing ears I3 respectively are attached
to and depend from the respective portions of been packed into the box, after which the spaces
their respective members adjacent the respec
and centering top element |20 is inserted in the
tive ends of said centering opening I4. Each said body A and thereafter the top B is applied to the
70 stop or spacing ear I3 isV of a length slightly less, box and secured thereto by a string or any other
70
by say a quarter of an inch, than the height of suitable securement means, and the package is
the supporting rim or. iiange 2 of the immediately ready for shipment.
'
next lower anchoring element I or centering ele
Of course as erected each of the centering and
ment I 2, as the case may be. The purpose of this supporting means or elements I2, the anchoring
75 difference Vin length is to prevent the extreme means I, and the spacing and centering element
75
3
2,136,744
|28, in erected condition in extreme outline will
preferably correspond in form to the cross-sec
tional interior form ofthe body A and will be `of
such size as to be just snugly slidably received
`therein by insertion in an endwise direction of
` said body, there being just suiiicient play between
the edge faces of the respective elements I, I2
and l2@ to permit such insertion and not suilî
cient .play to permit any `appreciable movement
10 of the respective elements transversely of the
body A.
,
In the modification illustrated in Figure 9 the
construction, operation, combination, and mode
of use are in all respectsthe same as described
15 with relation to the preferred form shown in the
first eight figures, except that a round corner
box is used instead of a square box, and conse
quently the corners of the spacing element l20’
and of the centering supporting element and the
20 anchoring element, are similarly rounded so as
to conform in shape thereto.
In the modification shown in Figure 10 of the
supporting ñange or rim 2', the construction and
operation of said rim or flange are in all respects
25 the same as described with relation to flange or
rim 2 of the preferred form, except that instead
of the securing staple 2d, the lapped free end
portions are cut from opposite edges for slightly
in excess of one-half of their vertical height and
30 are interlocked as indicated at 2e. The centering
and supporting element of this modification is
designated
l2’..
-
'
-
I claim:
1. A storing and shipping package comprising
a box comprising a tubular body, a bottom clos
ing the lower end of said body, and a top closing
`the upper‘end of said body, in combination with
a plurality of hat centering and spacing means
disposed in said body in stack relation and a
40 plurality of hats disposed in said body in super
posed loosely nested'relation, said centering and
age is in normal uprightposition, said ringer
holes permitting the packer to hold said stops
back during the packing operation and to re
move the spacing means in unpacking without
damaging the hats, and the rim of the extreme
upper spacing and centering means being higher
than the rims of any of the other said means to
extend above the top of the crown of the top
hat to protect the latter and substantially to the
top' or" the box body to supplement the latter in 10
supporting any load that may be placed on the
top of the package, each body of each said spac
ing and centering means, excepting the extreme
top said means, supporting by its upper face the
individual weight of the hat resting thereon.
2. A storing and shipping package comprising
a box comprising a tubular body, >a bottom closing
the lower end of said body, and a top closing the
upper end of said body, in combination with a
bottom anchoring means, a top spacing means, a 20
plurality of intermediate hat centering and spac
ing means disposed in said body in stack rela
tion and a plurality of hats disposed in said body
in superposed loosely nested relation, said an
choring means, top spacing means and said in 25
termediate means and said hats being arranged
in alternation in stack form vertically in said
body, each said intermediate means having a
sheet form body with portions closely adjacent
the inner face ci said box body at both sides and
ends of each said means and having a vertically
extending supporting rim, said anchoring means
resting on the upper face of said box bottom and
having anchoring means engaging the interior
of the crown of the lowest hat to anchor the same
and receiving and supporting the brim of the low
est hat and being provided with a supporting rim,
each said intermediate means being formed with
a centering and supporting opening, a pair of
stops disposed in a vertical direction, and ñnger
40
holes adjacent said stops, and each said inter
mediate means resting on the supporting rim of
spacing means and said hats being arranged in
alternation in stack form vertically of said'body,
each of said centering and spacing means having
a body of sheet form with portions closely adja
cent the inner face of said box body at both ends
and at both sides of each said centering and spac
ing means and having a vertically extending sup
the spacing and centering intermediatev means
next below and supporting by its upper face the
weight'of an individual hat, and said top spacing 45
means resting on‘the rim of the upper interme
diate means and having a rim extending above
porting rim, the lowest of said centering and
50 spacing means resting on the upper face of said
box bottom and having anchoring centering
a box comprising a tubular body, a bottom closing 50
means extending upward into the crown of the
lowest hat and engaging the inner face of said
crown adjacent both ends and on opposite sides
thereof and receiving and supporting the brim
of said lowest hat on the upper face of its body
between said anchoring centering means and said
rim, the remaining spacing and centering means
each having a similar bracing and supporting rim
60 and being formed with a centering supporting
opening, a pair of stops disposed in a vertical
direction, and finger holes adjacent said stops,
each said spacing and centering means resting
on the supporting rim of the spacing and center
65 ing means immediately next below, each said
centering and supporting opening being of such
size and shape as to receive the crown of the
hat immediately below and so that the wall of
said opening will be very closely adjacent to said
70 crown but `slightly spaced therefrom substantially
at all points in the normal upright position of
the package,> said stops depending closely adja
cent to the brim of the hat immediately next loe
neath their respective centering and spacing
75 means without touching said brim when the pack
the crown of the upper hat.
3. A storing and shipping package comprising
the lower end of said body, and a top closing the
upper end of said body, in combination with a
plurality of hats, a bottom anchoring means
formed with means engaging in the interior of
the crown of the lowest hat to center and anchor 55
the same and provided with a supporting rim,
a top spacing means, and a plurality of inter
mediate hat centering, spacing and supporting
means, said anchoring means, intermediate means
and top spacing means and the said hats being
arranged in alternation in stack form vertically
of said box body, each of said intermediate means
having a sheet form body of such size and shape
as to make a snug sliding fit in said box body and
having avertically extending supporting rim and 65
being formed with a centering supporting opening
and a pair of stops disposed in a vertical direction
closely adjacent to but normally out of contact
with the upper face of the brim of the hat im
mediately below their corresponding intermediate
means body, each said intermediate means and
said top spacing means resting on the supporting
rim of the means immediately next below and
said anchoring means resting on the upper face
of the box bottom, and each said intermediate
4
2,186,744
means and said anchoring means supportingan
»individual hat.
4. Packing means to be used in a shipping box
to pack hats for shipment and storage, said means
comprising the combination of a bottom anchor
ing means, a topy spacing means, and a plurality
‘tending stop ears, each said body being formed
of intermediate spacing centering supporting
each said element being of less length than the
vertical height of the spacing and supporting rim
of the element immediately next below each said
means, all said means- being arranged in super
posed stacked relation and being of such size
and outline in operative condition as to substan
tially conform in size and outline to the cross
section of the interior of the shipping box, each
said means in initial collapsed condition being
of thin iiat sheet form and having an integral
portion erectible into vertical position to consti
tute a vertical spacing and supporting rim at
all points outwardly beyond the brim of a hat
resting on the upper face of any of said means,
said top» spacing means and each said intermedi
20 ate means being formed with a central opening
of such size and shape as to receive the crown of
a hat with the Walls of said opening closely ad
jacent thereto but normally spaced slightly there
from, said top spacing means and each said inter
25 mediate means being formed with integral stop
means in operative position depending vertically,
said anchoring means and each said intermediate
means individually supporting an individual hat
and receiving the brim thereof at all points in
30 ward of the supporting rim of said means, said
top spacing means and each said intermediate
means resting on and being supported by the
supporting rim of the means immediately next
below, and said stop means of said top spacing
35 means and of each of said intermediate means
Very closely approaching the brim of the hat
supporte-d by the means immediately next below
but being out of- contact therewith in the normal
upright position of the shipping package.
5. A plurality of hat spacing, centering and
40
supporting elements to be used in association,
each said element comprising a body of resilient
sheet form paper board material, a supporting
rim portion initially disposed in the same plane
45 as said body and integral therewith and erectible
into a position perpendicular to the face of said
body to constitute ,a continuous spacing and sup
porting rim, and a pair of stops integral with said
body and depressible to constitute vertically ex
with a central opening to receive the crown of a
hat and in operative association with the re
mainder of said plurality of elements being sup
ported on the spacing and supporting rim of the
element immediately next below and the stops' of
stop being located between said opening and said
spacing and supporting rim.
6. A hat packing stay comprising a slightly
resilient sheet form paper board body formed
with a large central oval aperture to receive a
hat crown and having an upper surface at all 15
points about said aperture of sufficient breadth
to receive and support a hat brim, in combina
tion with an integral initially iiat marginal por
tion erectible into a vertically extending continu
ous spacing and supporting rim, and a plurality 20
of integral stops initially flat and depressible into
vertically extending depending position, each said
stop being of slightly less length than the width
or height of said rim and being located between
said aperture and said spacing and supporting
rim.
7. A hat packing stay comprising a sheet form
body formed with an oval aperture and having
an upper surface at all points about said aperture
to support a hat brim, in combination with a 30
collapsible supporting rim connected with said
body and two oppositely disposed depending stops
connected with said body, each of said stops being
located between said opening and rim and of
slightly less length than the height of said rim.
8. A hat packing stay comprising a sheet form
body formed with an aperture to receive a hat
crown and having an upper surface at all points
about said aperture to support a hat brim, in com
bination with a supporting rim connected with 40
said body and two stops connected with portions
of said stay and so located, formed and adapted
as to depend therefrom closely adjacent to and
directly above and slightly spaced from the brim
of the ñrst mentioned hat as to limit movement 45
of said ñrst mentioned hat axially of the opening
in said stay.
JOSEPH G. HUYE.
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