Патент USA US2136744код для вставки
Nov. 15, 1938. 2,136,744 J. G. HUYE HAT PACKING STAY AND -COMBINATION PACKAGE F11/ed Aug. 24', 195e 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 MJ Smc/wm Joseph 6?. f1 m,m Nov. 15, 193s. J, Q_ HUYE ' A 2,136,744l HAT PACKING STAY AND COMBINATION PACKAGE Filed Aug. 24, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet 2> 77776,@.5 ' w56@ @i ¿Bügel Patented Nov. 15, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE I 2,136,744 HAT PACKING STAY ANDK COMBINATION , , PACKAGE `^ . Joseph G. Huye, New Orleans, La; Application August 24, 1936, Serial No. 97,703 8 Claims. This` invention relates to hat packing stays and is primarily intended for use by the hat manu facturer in packing and shipping his product. In the felt hat manufacturing business it is of 5 great importance from the commercial viewpoint In the accompanying drawings: Figure 1V represents-a vertical sectional view on the line i-I 4of Figure 2, looking in the direc t-_ion of the arrows, through a box in which a plu ral‘ity of hats are packed bythe aid of the com that felthats shall be so packed that as shipped they will not be subjected to the pressure of any bination `of elements embodying `my invention; sustaining packing ring, or impressed or indented Figurefl, looking in the `direction of the arrow; or marked by any packing ring. Also, it is of importance that they shall `not be dented or mussed up in any manner, but shall be received substantially in perfect ironed condition, the same as the conditionin which they were `at the time of completion at the factory. Also, it is of importance to reduce as far as possible` the number >of packing boxes required, the weight `of material used in making such boxes, and in general the expense incident to such pack mg. i The present invention has been developed with the foregoing considerations in mind and has for its object to provide a combination of elements whereby a plurality of felt hats may be packed in superposed or nested relation in such manner 25 that no hat in the package will be subjected to I (C11 20G-8) the _weight of .any other hat or to any pressure of >any part; to provide means for centering and anchoring the lower hat against endwise or side Ui i Figure 2, a Sectional view on the line 2_2 of Figure 3', >a sectional view on 'the `line 3-3 of Figure 2„looking in the direction of the arrows; 10 Figure 4, aperspective View from the under neath of o_ne of the centering elements; >Figure 5, a sectional view on the line 5_5 of Figure l, looking in the _direction of the arrows; Figure 6,.a top perspective‘view of the anchor 15 ing element; ` i ` l _ Figure 7, a plan view of the top spacing ele ment |20, in flat condition; Figure 8,4 atop plan view of the anchoring ele 20 ment .I, in flat condition; Figure 9„fa view similar to Figure 5, of a modi ñed form; and ` Figure 10, a fragmentary detailed perspective view of a modified means of securing the lapping portions of the supporting flange or rim to gether.V ` „ ` Referring >now in> detail to the drawings, A des ignates the body ofthe box; B, the top of the box; wise movement; to provide separate‘individualy C, the bottom of thebox; D, `the hats having 30 ‘means `for centering or preventing endwise or sidewise ‘movement of each of the superposed . hats;‘ to provide means` for preventing the move ment of any hat in a direction endwise of the stack of hats in case the box or container should be inverted incident to handling in shipping, such ` means being so related to said individual center ing means and the respective brims of the re spective hatsV as not to be in contact with the brims of, the respective hats when the shipping 40, container‘is in normal position; to provide said " anchoringmeans in each of said centering means with a vertical flange portion or rim to support the immediately next above centering means in association with a special 'spacing flange pro 45 vided on the top centering means, whereby said respective rims in association with `their center ing means will support the weight of the respec tive hats and whereby a continuous built-up supporting structure will be formed, very efficient ly supplementing the strength of _the shipping ' box or container, making it practical to simply 5.5 pack the hats in the usual packing box, tie up or seal the same, and ship it, without need to place it in aheavy board or corrugated board shipping box such as is now the common practice. sweatbands d >and brims d’. , I The anchoring element I will be inserted in the body A of the box to rest against the upper base , of the bottom C thereof, f Said anchoring element I is formed as a flat sheet and hasan octagonal, vertical supporting y35 rim or flange 2 integral therewith, said flange `be ing made up of> sections or portions scored for fold lines at 2a, cut or severed from the body of anchor element I on lines 2b from the respective score lines 1‘2a tozthe adjacent corners, to form Vfree end portions, said sections being folded into vertical position` along scored lines 2c extending between the transverse score lines 2a. When folded intoY this position the free end portions are folded along‘score lines 2a into‘lapping rela tion and each such pair 'of Àlapping ends are se cured together in any known suitable and usual manner as-by a wire staple 2d) `Said supporting rim may be about the height of the sweatband, or approximately 2" in height, but in any event should be of such height as to support the imme diately next above centering and supporting ele ment I2 or I20 at such point that the interior ofthe hat supported by the latter will not en 4,5 2 2,136,744 gage or press against the crown of the next lower` lower end edges of the respective stops or spac hat. The flat area of the anchor element I is formed with two pair of end centering wings or fingers 3 and two side centering wings or ñngers 4, said wings or fingers 3 and 4 being integral with anchor member I. The wings 3 are formed in pair by being severed along the lines 5 and 'I and the line 9 common to the two wings, three of each 10 pair, and when erected in the operative position ing ears I3 from resting upon or even lightly con are folded along the score lines || so as to pre sent their operative end edges 5’ toward, and to engage, the sweatband d adjacent, and equal dis tance from, the respective ends of the lower hat D. The side centering wings or fingers 4 are formed by being severed along the lines 6 and 8 and in operative position are folded into vertical position along the score lines I0, wherein their laterally outer operative edges 6’ will engage the 20 respective side portions of the sweatband d. Prior to actual use in connection with the pack ing and shipping of hats the anchoring element I will be stored, shipped, and kept in collapsed or flat condition, wherein it is simply a flat sheet 25 of paper board or cardboard capable of being kept in large` quantities in a very small space im mediately available at hand for instant use, and tacting the brims d’ of the respective next lower hats, when the package is in normal position. By having only a very slight diiîerence between the vertical length of the stop or spacing ears I3 and the ?langing or supporting rims 2, the lower end edges of the respective stops or spacing ears I3, while maintained out of contact with the brims d’ of the respective hats when the package 10 is in normal position, are spaced at such a slight interval from said brims d’ respectively that should the package be inverted in shipping or handling no hat would have >any appreciable vertical movement toward said stops or spacing ears I3 and could not attain any such momentum in such movement as would in any way indent, or mar, or muss any of said hats. Preferably each said member I2 and the spacing centering m-ember |20 is formed with two iinger 20 holds I5, respectively, adjacent the respective stops or spacing ears I3 to the end that the packer may stick his foreñngers, respectively, through the respective holds I5 and hold the respective stops or spacing gears I3 back out of the way so as not 25 to muss up the next lower hat as the hats and elements are inserted in the body A of the box as used it will v have its flange 2 erected and during the packing operation and also to provide stapled together and its end centering wings 3 30 and its side centering wings 4 erected in the vertical position before being inserted into body A of the box to rest against and be supported by a convenient finger grip for removing the spac ing and centering and supporting elements |20 and I2, respectively, from the box without the bottom C thereof. The centering and supporting elements I2, five 35 in number in the preferred style of package, and the spacing centering element |20 are each formed with an elliptical or oval centercentering open ing I4 corresponding in general outline, except for the two end notches, to the cross-sectional 40 form of the crown of the hat D received thereby and being of such size as to be spaced at all points at a slight distance from the outer face of the hat crown, say by an interval of approxi mately not in excess of nl: of an inch at all points 45 from said hat crown. The purpose in providing this space or clearance between the wall yof open ing I4 and theopposed face of said hat crown is to avoid contact by said wall with said crown when the package is in normal upright position, 50' and yet to provide a support for the hat crown, and the hat as a whole, in case the package should be tilted or laid upon its side, the very small inter val between said hat crown and wall avoiding the attaining by said hat of any such momentum 55 as might be calculated to dent or mar said hat crown, it being noted in this connection that each hat is supported and centered by its respective supporting and centering means for element I2 and its spacing and centering means |20, and that 60 the weight of no hat in transmitted to any other hat. ' Each centering and supporting element I2 is mussing up any of the hats as the same are un packed by the hat dealer. Each centering and supporting member or ele ment I2 is provided with a supporting rim or 0 flange 2, preferably octagonal in outline, con structed, erected, and in all other respects the same as the rim 2 heretofore described in detail in connection with the anchor element I. 'I'he spacing and centering element |20, which is 40 the topmost element in the box, is provided with a supporting octogonal flange or rim 20 con structed and erected in the same manner as de scribed with relation to the rim 2 of the anchor ing element I, except that said rim 20 is approxi 45 mately double the height of the rim 2, in any event being of such height as to extend upward appreciably beyond the highest point of the crown of the top hat D, and preferably to substantiate the upper edge of the body A of the box, so as to 50 protect the crown of the upper hat D against being dented, mashed or otherwise mussed. To use the anchoring element I is erected as above described, a hat is applied to the anchor ing means 3 and 4 and thereafter the anchoring 55 element I is inserted in the body A of the box to rest upon the top of bottom C thereof. There after the centering and supporting elements I2 erected as above described and the hats D are inserted in the body A in alternation, the cor 60 ners of the centering and supporting elements I2 extending across and resting upon the upper edges of the lap ends of the rim 2 of the an choring element I and the immediately next be low rim 2 of the respective centering and sup 65 porting elements I2, until six hats D shall have formed with two stops or spacing ears I3 respec tively integral with said element and folded into 65 vertical position along scored fold lines I 3'. Said stops or spacing ears I3 respectively are attached to and depend from the respective portions of been packed into the box, after which the spaces their respective members adjacent the respec and centering top element |20 is inserted in the tive ends of said centering opening I4. Each said body A and thereafter the top B is applied to the 70 stop or spacing ear I3 isV of a length slightly less, box and secured thereto by a string or any other 70 by say a quarter of an inch, than the height of suitable securement means, and the package is the supporting rim or. iiange 2 of the immediately ready for shipment. ' next lower anchoring element I or centering ele Of course as erected each of the centering and ment I 2, as the case may be. The purpose of this supporting means or elements I2, the anchoring 75 difference Vin length is to prevent the extreme means I, and the spacing and centering element 75 3 2,136,744 |28, in erected condition in extreme outline will preferably correspond in form to the cross-sec tional interior form ofthe body A and will be `of such size as to be just snugly slidably received `therein by insertion in an endwise direction of ` said body, there being just suiiicient play between the edge faces of the respective elements I, I2 and l2@ to permit such insertion and not suilî cient .play to permit any `appreciable movement 10 of the respective elements transversely of the body A. , In the modification illustrated in Figure 9 the construction, operation, combination, and mode of use are in all respectsthe same as described 15 with relation to the preferred form shown in the first eight figures, except that a round corner box is used instead of a square box, and conse quently the corners of the spacing element l20’ and of the centering supporting element and the 20 anchoring element, are similarly rounded so as to conform in shape thereto. In the modification shown in Figure 10 of the supporting ñange or rim 2', the construction and operation of said rim or flange are in all respects 25 the same as described with relation to flange or rim 2 of the preferred form, except that instead of the securing staple 2d, the lapped free end portions are cut from opposite edges for slightly in excess of one-half of their vertical height and 30 are interlocked as indicated at 2e. The centering and supporting element of this modification is designated l2’.. - ' - I claim: 1. A storing and shipping package comprising a box comprising a tubular body, a bottom clos ing the lower end of said body, and a top closing `the upper‘end of said body, in combination with a plurality of hat centering and spacing means disposed in said body in stack relation and a 40 plurality of hats disposed in said body in super posed loosely nested'relation, said centering and age is in normal uprightposition, said ringer holes permitting the packer to hold said stops back during the packing operation and to re move the spacing means in unpacking without damaging the hats, and the rim of the extreme upper spacing and centering means being higher than the rims of any of the other said means to extend above the top of the crown of the top hat to protect the latter and substantially to the top' or" the box body to supplement the latter in 10 supporting any load that may be placed on the top of the package, each body of each said spac ing and centering means, excepting the extreme top said means, supporting by its upper face the individual weight of the hat resting thereon. 2. A storing and shipping package comprising a box comprising a tubular body, >a bottom closing the lower end of said body, and a top closing the upper end of said body, in combination with a bottom anchoring means, a top spacing means, a 20 plurality of intermediate hat centering and spac ing means disposed in said body in stack rela tion and a plurality of hats disposed in said body in superposed loosely nested relation, said an choring means, top spacing means and said in 25 termediate means and said hats being arranged in alternation in stack form vertically in said body, each said intermediate means having a sheet form body with portions closely adjacent the inner face ci said box body at both sides and ends of each said means and having a vertically extending supporting rim, said anchoring means resting on the upper face of said box bottom and having anchoring means engaging the interior of the crown of the lowest hat to anchor the same and receiving and supporting the brim of the low est hat and being provided with a supporting rim, each said intermediate means being formed with a centering and supporting opening, a pair of stops disposed in a vertical direction, and ñnger 40 holes adjacent said stops, and each said inter mediate means resting on the supporting rim of spacing means and said hats being arranged in alternation in stack form vertically of said'body, each of said centering and spacing means having a body of sheet form with portions closely adja cent the inner face of said box body at both ends and at both sides of each said centering and spac ing means and having a vertically extending sup the spacing and centering intermediatev means next below and supporting by its upper face the weight'of an individual hat, and said top spacing 45 means resting on‘the rim of the upper interme diate means and having a rim extending above porting rim, the lowest of said centering and 50 spacing means resting on the upper face of said box bottom and having anchoring centering a box comprising a tubular body, a bottom closing 50 means extending upward into the crown of the lowest hat and engaging the inner face of said crown adjacent both ends and on opposite sides thereof and receiving and supporting the brim of said lowest hat on the upper face of its body between said anchoring centering means and said rim, the remaining spacing and centering means each having a similar bracing and supporting rim 60 and being formed with a centering supporting opening, a pair of stops disposed in a vertical direction, and finger holes adjacent said stops, each said spacing and centering means resting on the supporting rim of the spacing and center 65 ing means immediately next below, each said centering and supporting opening being of such size and shape as to receive the crown of the hat immediately below and so that the wall of said opening will be very closely adjacent to said 70 crown but `slightly spaced therefrom substantially at all points in the normal upright position of the package,> said stops depending closely adja cent to the brim of the hat immediately next loe neath their respective centering and spacing 75 means without touching said brim when the pack the crown of the upper hat. 3. A storing and shipping package comprising the lower end of said body, and a top closing the upper end of said body, in combination with a plurality of hats, a bottom anchoring means formed with means engaging in the interior of the crown of the lowest hat to center and anchor 55 the same and provided with a supporting rim, a top spacing means, and a plurality of inter mediate hat centering, spacing and supporting means, said anchoring means, intermediate means and top spacing means and the said hats being arranged in alternation in stack form vertically of said box body, each of said intermediate means having a sheet form body of such size and shape as to make a snug sliding fit in said box body and having avertically extending supporting rim and 65 being formed with a centering supporting opening and a pair of stops disposed in a vertical direction closely adjacent to but normally out of contact with the upper face of the brim of the hat im mediately below their corresponding intermediate means body, each said intermediate means and said top spacing means resting on the supporting rim of the means immediately next below and said anchoring means resting on the upper face of the box bottom, and each said intermediate 4 2,186,744 means and said anchoring means supportingan »individual hat. 4. Packing means to be used in a shipping box to pack hats for shipment and storage, said means comprising the combination of a bottom anchor ing means, a topy spacing means, and a plurality ‘tending stop ears, each said body being formed of intermediate spacing centering supporting each said element being of less length than the vertical height of the spacing and supporting rim of the element immediately next below each said means, all said means- being arranged in super posed stacked relation and being of such size and outline in operative condition as to substan tially conform in size and outline to the cross section of the interior of the shipping box, each said means in initial collapsed condition being of thin iiat sheet form and having an integral portion erectible into vertical position to consti tute a vertical spacing and supporting rim at all points outwardly beyond the brim of a hat resting on the upper face of any of said means, said top» spacing means and each said intermedi 20 ate means being formed with a central opening of such size and shape as to receive the crown of a hat with the Walls of said opening closely ad jacent thereto but normally spaced slightly there from, said top spacing means and each said inter 25 mediate means being formed with integral stop means in operative position depending vertically, said anchoring means and each said intermediate means individually supporting an individual hat and receiving the brim thereof at all points in 30 ward of the supporting rim of said means, said top spacing means and each said intermediate means resting on and being supported by the supporting rim of the means immediately next below, and said stop means of said top spacing 35 means and of each of said intermediate means Very closely approaching the brim of the hat supporte-d by the means immediately next below but being out of- contact therewith in the normal upright position of the shipping package. 5. A plurality of hat spacing, centering and 40 supporting elements to be used in association, each said element comprising a body of resilient sheet form paper board material, a supporting rim portion initially disposed in the same plane 45 as said body and integral therewith and erectible into a position perpendicular to the face of said body to constitute ,a continuous spacing and sup porting rim, and a pair of stops integral with said body and depressible to constitute vertically ex with a central opening to receive the crown of a hat and in operative association with the re mainder of said plurality of elements being sup ported on the spacing and supporting rim of the element immediately next below and the stops' of stop being located between said opening and said spacing and supporting rim. 6. A hat packing stay comprising a slightly resilient sheet form paper board body formed with a large central oval aperture to receive a hat crown and having an upper surface at all 15 points about said aperture of sufficient breadth to receive and support a hat brim, in combina tion with an integral initially iiat marginal por tion erectible into a vertically extending continu ous spacing and supporting rim, and a plurality 20 of integral stops initially flat and depressible into vertically extending depending position, each said stop being of slightly less length than the width or height of said rim and being located between said aperture and said spacing and supporting rim. 7. A hat packing stay comprising a sheet form body formed with an oval aperture and having an upper surface at all points about said aperture to support a hat brim, in combination with a 30 collapsible supporting rim connected with said body and two oppositely disposed depending stops connected with said body, each of said stops being located between said opening and rim and of slightly less length than the height of said rim. 8. A hat packing stay comprising a sheet form body formed with an aperture to receive a hat crown and having an upper surface at all points about said aperture to support a hat brim, in com bination with a supporting rim connected with 40 said body and two stops connected with portions of said stay and so located, formed and adapted as to depend therefrom closely adjacent to and directly above and slightly spaced from the brim of the ñrst mentioned hat as to limit movement 45 of said ñrst mentioned hat axially of the opening in said stay. JOSEPH G. HUYE.