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Патент USA US2136795

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NOV. 15, 1938.
J, Q_ HQFFMAN'
l
. 2,136,795,
coNTAINER
`
Filed Nov. 6, 193'?
‘l'/I1,
10
9
'
ff
INVENTOR
\\ JOSÉ-Pfl C’. Hoff-»7AM
Patented' Nov. 15, 1938>
' _2,136,795
UNITED STATES
PATENT oFFlcE
2,136,795
CONTAINER
Joseph C. HoiïmamiYonkers, N. Y., assignor to s
J. C. Hoffman, Inc., New York, N. Y., a corpo
ration of New York
Application November 6, 1937,» SerialA No. 173,107
7 Claims.
The invention vrelates to containers and more
particularly to that type commonly referred to
as dispensing containers which generally in
clude‘a movable closure whereby the dispens
5 lng openings of said containers may be opened
and closed at will.
10
open and close the same at will; it will be
understood that the closure I4 is always aperf
’cured in a manner corresponding to the aper
The invention has for its object to provide
a container of the indicated class which is simple
in construction and of maximum eñiciency in
ture arrangement of the. disk I2 and to enable
the apertured portion of the latter and the
operation. The invention contemplates further
a novel construction which is specially adapted for
into and out of registry with each other by rotat
ably adjusting said closure I4. The closure I4,
use in connection with containers made of card
board and other non-metallic materials. Other
more speciñc «objects will appear from the de
15 scription hereinafter and the features of novelty
.
able closure I4 provided wth a pouring opening
I5 arranged to be adjusted into and out of regis
try with the pouring aperture I3 .to selectively
will be pointed out in the claims.
‘
In the accompanying drawing which illustrates
examples of the invention without defining its
limits, Fig. 1 is a sectional elevation of a con
20 tainer embodying the novel features; Fig. 2 is a
similar vview on the line 2--2 of Fig. l; Fig..3
is a plan view with parts broken away and in'
section; Fig. 4 is a face view of another form of
apertured'portion of the closure I4 to be brought
which is in the form of a disk dimensioned to
easily and rotatablyfit within theseconda’ry sec- l
tionor sleeve I I, lies in surface engagement with
and rests upon the apertured disk I2 and is main
tained in its assembled relation in any convenient
and suitable manner; in the preferred construc
tion the disk- I2 projects beneath an internal an
nular bead I6 formed preferably at the outer
end of the secondary section or sleeve II. In'
practice the bead I6 or its equivalent is in such
relation' to the disk I2 as not to develop any
' closure for the container; Fig. 5 is a section
material restraining force thereon or to otherwise
interfere with the rotation of the closure I4 `but
thereof on the line 5-5 of Fig. 4; Fig. 6 is a
face view of still another form of said closure;`
Fig. '7 is a sectional _view on the line 1--1 of
Fig. 6; Fig. 8 is a face view of a further form of
at the same time to maintain said .closure I4 in
place as shown in Figs. 1 and 2. Any suitable op
erating means may be provided to facilitate the
rotation of the closure I4 at will, said operating
25
the closure, Fig. 9 is a sectional view on the line - means being shown in Figs. 1, _2 and 3, in the
form of a hollow rib or projection Il extending
30 9--9 of Fig. 8, and Fig. 10 is a detail fragmentary diametrically across said closure I4 and prefer
section illustrating another form ofthe inven-v
ably comprising an integral part thereof; as illus
tion.
‘
_
v
'
In the form shown in Figs. l, 2 and `3, the novel
container comprises a yreceptacle consisting of a
trated in Figs. l and 2 the ribI'l projects upwardly
main section I0 and fastenedin place thereon
Any convenient method may be followed in the
construction and assembling of the parts of the
beyond the outer face of the closure I4 and con
stitutes a finger-„piece for rotatably adjusting the
main sec-tion or body I0 and a secondary sec
`
tion or sleeve II externally fitted upon said I same.
in any suitable manner, yas by gluing. The main
section or body IIJ is preferably cylindrical in ' container shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3. It being as
sumed that `the main section or body" I0 and the 40
secondary section or sleeve I I have been previously
produced in the desired co-operating dimensions,
the secondary section or sleeve II_is of corre
the outer end of the sleeve II may be spun or
sponding cylindrical form and internally dimen
sioned tov fit over the main section I0 in surface otherwise manipulated to produce the internal
45 engagement therewith as shown in Figs. 1 and 2. _annular bead I6 after which the closure I4 is 45
placed within said sleeve II from its lower end so
The container further includes la disk I2 di
mensioned to snugly or frictionally ñt the interior as to rest against said ‘bead I6. The apertured
of the secondary section or> sleeve II, and resting disk I2 is then correspondingly introduced into
upon and against the open end of the main sec,-` said sleeve II and shifted lengthwise thereof un
til it engages the closure I4; the disk I2 is ad 50
50 tion or body IIl-- 'I'he disk I2 is apertured in justed
in the manner set forth to force the clo
dependencel upon the type of container with which'
it is to be combined and in accordance with the sure I4 into contact with the bead -IB without
material 4for which said container is designed; however clamping said closure I4 immovably
in other words, the disk I2 maybe apertured. against the latter, or in other Words, without suiii- v
40 form with itsl upper end open and its lower endprovided with a bottom in any conventional way: '
55 to sprinkle the contents of the container or to
pour said contents therefrom. In the illustrated
form of the container„«’the disk> l2 is provided
with a pouring apertúre I3 to exemplify the afore
. said apertured arrangement. 'I'he aperture I3 -or
60 its equivalent is controlled by means of a rotat
cient pressure to interfere with its ability to ro-, .
tate in the intended manner. Because of the .
fact that the disk I2 fits snugly within the sleeve
II, it will be securely held in place therein by
friction and accordingly will maintain the closure
I4 in position in said sleeve. The sleeve II with 60
2
2,136,795
the disk I2 and closure I4 assembled therein, may
lengthwise of said body I0 until the disk I2 rests
against and upon said open end‘of said body I0,
The closure I4b illustrated in Figs. 6 and 7,
includes a peripheral projection I1h preferably
formed by cutting the material inwardly at the
periphery of said closure I4b and shaping the
tongue produced by such cutting, for instance,
as shown in Figs. 1 and 2.
as shownin Fig. 7.
then be placed over the open end of the body I0
' -in telescopic engagement therewith and adjusted
The sleeves II may
be fastened in place on the body I0 by gluing or
The closure I 4b also may
include a pouring opening I5” or any other type
cementing or in any other convenient manner, - of opening or openings suitable to the purpose
suitable to the material of which the parts are for which said closure~ I4h is intended.
,
10
made.
'
With the aforesaid method, the main section
III 'and the secondary section II of the container
may be separately constructed as independent
units and then combined in a simple manner to
20
It will _be understood that the ribs I‘I and I‘Iß 10
instead of being in the cross-sectional form il
lustrated in Figs. 2 and 5 respectively, may be
made and shaped in a manner corresponding to
provide the complete and finished container. It
will, of course, be obvious that the construction
and assembling of the parts of the container may
the cross-sectional shape of the projection I'Ib
of Fig. 7, if this should be preferred or desired. 15
As illustrated in Figs. 8 and 9, the means
whereby the closure I4c shown therein is rotated
be carried out in various other ways and se
quences without in’ any way changing the final
consists of a head or finger-piece I1c secured
product.
any convenient manner as by means of a rivet I‘Id. 20
The closure I4c in its illustrated form also in
With the method of construction and assem
preferably .at the centre of said closure I 4c in
bling previously described herein, -the assembled
sleeveA II, disk I2, and closure I4, constitute a
cludes a pouring opening I5°, it being under
stood that the latter may be replaced by any other
cover unit which may be combined with and ñxed
25 upon the main section or body l0 after the latter
has received the material it is intended to con
tain. The cover unit, as such, may be'readily
suitable type of opening or openings as in the
combined with any co-operating main section or
body I0 as will be obvious.
30
In any case, when it is desired to remove any
. part _of the contents of the container, it is simply
necessary to rotatably adjust the closure I4 until
the opening I5 or its equivalent registers with the
aperture I3 'or its equivalent of the disk I2. Com
35 munlcation with the interior of the container is
thereby established and it is merely necessary to
invert or otherwise manipulate the latter to re
move as much of said contents as may be desired
at the time. To‘cut ofi' communication with the
40 interior of the container or in other words, to
close the same, it is necessary only to rotatably
adjust the closure I4 to an extent sufficient to
move its opening I5 out of registry with the aper~
ture I3 of the disk I2. With the opening I5 and
45 the aperture I3 out of registry with each other,
the closure I4 acts as a.- seal to effectively close
thelcontainer and`prevent unintentional spilling
of its'c'ontents.
.
With the lnovel construction described herein
50 before and illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2 of the
drawing, the main section or body I Il and thev
- secondary section or sleeve II may be made of
cardboard, metal or any other suitable material,
. or one of said sections may be made of metal and
55 the other of cardboard or the like, or said sections
may be constructed of other combinationsl of
materials adapted for the purpose. The disk I2
may be made of cardboard or its equivalent, or
of metal, whichever is preferred, and the closure
60 I4 likewise may be made of any suitable material
although in its preferred form said closure I4 is
constructed of metal.
’
-
In the form shown in Figs. 4 and 5, the closure
I4* is provided with hollow ribs or projections I‘I‘
65 located in spaced relation to each other diamet
rically of said closure - I4` as illustrated.
The
.closure I 4'A may include a pouring opening I5’l
with any other type of opening or openings de
pendentÍ upon the type of container for which it
70 is designed.
'I'he hollow rib or projection I1 of the closure
I4 and the hollow ribs or projections I‘Ia of the
closure I4s may be produced by being stamped
from the material or the latter may be molded
75 or otherwise manipulated t'o provide said ribs.
forms previously described.
25
All of the closures shown in Figs. 4 to 9 in
clusive may be incorporated in the container
and operate inthe same way as the closure I4
in the form illustrated in Figs. l, 2 and 3.
It will be noted, in the fullyk assembled condi 30
tion of the parts as shown for instance in Figs. 1.
2, and 3, that the upper edge of the main section
or body I0 constitutes an annular shoulder lo
cated within'the receptacle formed by the main
and secondary sections I0 and II,`on which an
nular shoulder the .disk ' I2 rests, and that the
closure I4 or its equivalent is rotatably held be
tween said disk I2 and the internal bead I6 of
the secondary' section or sleeve I I. The combina-I
tion of these parts -in an operative structure is 40
effected in a simple manner by simply telescoping
the sleeve II over the body I0 and fixing it in
proper place thereon. The assembling of all of
the parts of the container constitutes steps easily
performed by competent operators and requiring 45
no particular skill in their performance.
In the arrangement shownv in Fig. 10 the con
tainer comprises a body section I0“, preferably
of cylindrical form, and constituting a receptacle
provided near its open end with an inwardly di 50
rected annular shoulder; the latter, in the form
illustrated, comprises an inwardly directed an
nular supporting bead vIIlb produced for instance
by circumferentially indenting the body IIIa in
-any conventional manner. The annular support
ing bead Illh constitutes a rest for a disk I2n which
is dimensioned to snugly or frictionally fit the
interior of the body section Ill“ and corresponds
to the disk I2 of the form l'lrst described. Like
the latter, the disk I2n is apertured in depend 60
ence upon the type of container with which it is
to be combined and in accordance with the ma
terial for whichA the container is designed; in
other words, the disk I2"L may be apertured to
sprinkle the contents of the container or to pour 65
the contents therefrom. For the purpose of ex
emplifying the aforesaid apertured arrangement,
the disk I 2n is provided with a pouring aperture
I3".
'
'
'
The latter or its equivalent is controlled by 70
means of a rotatable closure I4d provided with
a pouring opening I5d arranged to be adjusted
into and out of registry with the pouring aperture
I3“O to selectively open and close the same at will;
it will be understood that, in thisform also, the 75
3
2,186,795 y
2. A container comprising a cylindrical body
closure Ildis always apertured in a manner cor- '
having one end open, a cylindrical sleeve fitted
responding lto the aperture arrangement. of the
disk l2“ and to enable the apertured portion of
the latter and the apertured portion of the
5
over said body and ñxed thereon against
relative movement, said sleeve projecting axially
beyond said open end of the body, a disk friction
closure Md, to be brought into andV out of registry
with each other by rotatably adjusting the latter. . ally fitted against relative movement -within said
- As in Figs. 1, 2 and 3, the closure Md is in the sleeve in engagement with the open end of said»
form of a disk dimensioned to easily and rotata-A body, said disk being provided with an opening.
an annular internalbead on said sleeve extending
bly ñt within the body section IIJ“, and, in> thev
inwardly over said disk in spaced relation thereto,
operative position-,rests uponand in surfaceen
ure Hd may be maintained in its assembled re
anda rotatable closurein surface engagement
with said disk andl projecting beneath said bead,`
preferred construction projects beneath an in
ternal holding bead I6EL formed preferably at the
outer end of the body section i0". In practice the>
bead i6*L or its equivalent develops Ino material
' '3.'A container comprising a cylindrical body
having one end open, a cylindrical sleeve fitted
over said body and ñxed thereon “against relative -
not interfere with the» operative rotation there
said open end of the body, a disk frictionally fitted
gagement with the apertured disk l2’. The clos'
'lation in any convenient manner, and in the' saidclosure having 'an aperture adjustable into
and out of registry with the opening of said disk.
restraining effect upon the closure HSI and does , movement, said sleeve projecting axially beyond
against relative movement within said sleeve in l
engagement' with the open end of said body, said -
20 of; at the same time said beadllß“ or its equiva
lent serves .adequately to maintain said closure>
Md in place. Any convenient operating means
may be provided to facilitate the rotation of said
closure Il‘l at will, which means may consist of
a hollow rib or projection il‘i as in Figs. 1, 2 and 3,
or comprise any of the devices illustrated respec
tively in Figs. 4 to 9 inclusive.
i
disk being provided with an opening, a rotatable
closure in surface engagement with said disk and
provided with an aperture adjustable into and out
of registry with the opening of said disk, and 25
means whereby said closure is maintained in place
- on said disk without interference with its rotation '
The operation and functions of :the container“n relatively thereto. `
shown in Fig. 10 may otherwise be thesame as in'
30 Figs.' 1, 2 and 3, and the advantages of the latter
- 4. A container comprising a main section and a
secondary section, themain section fitting into
the secondary section and Abeing ñxed thereon
against relative movement, said main section
forming an annular shoulder in saidfsecondary
section, a disk frictionally ñtted against relative
tremely low cost, thereby considerably Vincreasing g movement within theÍ secondary section in en
the field in which containers of the indicated type gagement with said annular. shoulder, said disk
being provided -with arr opening, and means mov
may be economically utilized. The novel arrange
ment is adaptable to Icontainers over a wide range ably mounted insaid secondary section for con
_
of dimensions and is capable of being incorpor ` trolling the opening in said disk.
ated economically and eñlciently in dispensing ‘ 5. A- container comprising two lsections tele-`
containers of specially small size and capacity. e scopically ñtted and secured together against
Any materials conventionally utilized in the „ relative - movement, a disk frictionally iitted
are also inherenttherein.
_
'l
`
,'Ighe novel construction in all of its- forms pro
vides a dispensing container which is eilicient in
operation: and capable of being produced at ex
‘ construction of customary containers, as_well asV
-materials which cannot be used to advantage in
45 existing types of containers, will be found ac
ceptable in the production of the novel arrange
ment. Similarly, the novel features may be em
bodied in various combinations of materials, such
as for instance metals and Vnon-metallic sub
'50 stances, in the construction. of, thet instant con
tainers.
'
`
, Various changes in the -specific forms shown
- and described may be made within the scope of
' . the claims without departing .from the spirit of
55 the invention.
I claim:
1. A" container comprising a cylindrical Ybody
having one end open, a cylindrical sleeve fitted
over said body and‘ñxed thereon against relative
60 movement, said sleeve projecting axially beyond
sa‘id open end of the body, an apertured disk
fitted against relative movement interiorly of said
sleeve and resting upon the open end of said body,
an apertured closure in surface engagement with
said disk and rotatable thereon, an internal annu
lar ‘bead at the 'outer end of said sleeve whereby
' against relative movement within the one section
in engagement with the end of the other section, '
said disk being provided with an opening, and
controlling means movably mounted in said one
‘section in operative relation to said disk for con
trolling the opening in said disk.
'
`
`
6. A cover unit for‘containers consisting of a
cylindrical sleeve, an linternal bead at the one end _)
of said sleeve, an apertured disk«_frictionally fitted
against relative movement within said-sleeve in
spaced relation to said bead, an apertured rotat
ble- closure in surface engagement with said. disk
and projecting beneath said bead, and means for 5
rotating said closure to adjust its apertured por
tion `into and out of registry with the apertured
portion of said disk.
7. A cover unit for containers consistingof a
cylindrical sleeve, a disk frictionally iitted against
relative movement within said sleeve and provided
with an opening, a closure in said sleeve in rotat
able surface engagement with said disk and hav
ing an aperture means for maintaining said elo
sure in operative relation to said disk without 65
interfering with the rotation of- said closure,v and
means on said closure for rotating the same to
said closure is maintained 'in place without inter- - adjust its aperture into and out of registry with
ference with its rotation, and means on said clo
sure` for rotating the _same to adjust its apertured
-portion into’and out of registry. with the >aper
tured’portion of said disk.
the opening of said disk.
.msnen c. norman,
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