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Патент USA US2136796

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Nov. 15, 1938.,
Filed Jan. 6, 1957
‘Patented Nov. 15, 1938
Louis Krantz, New York, N. Y.
. Application January o, 1937, Serial No. 119,205
2 Claims. (01. 241-8)
This invention relates to improvements in ap- .
parel belts; and the invention has reference,
more particularly, to that type of apparel belt
which is constructed to permit of a compensating
;, elastic stretch adapted to accommodate the same
to bodily movements of the wearer.
to increasingly resist such stretohinge?eot where
the body movements are mere Violent or are of
such character as to tend to elongatethe body
t00 nearly t0 the limit of its elastieity- By reason
of this, the elastic body 0-1‘ body section is mere
efficiently resistant to weer, While at the Same
An apparel belt. which encircles the waist of
the wearer must be ?tted tightly enough to pre-
time, it is nevertheless su?iciently responsive to
ordinary bodily movements as to readily accom
vent sagging or slipping off of the garment to
modote‘itsdf thereto at all times-
10 which it is applied for supporting effect, and its
adjustment must be such that its ‘maximum
Another object of this invention is to provide 10
a novel constructionof apparel belt comprising
tightness accommodates the same to a Snug ?t
connectible» endstrap section and a stretchable
about the waist when the wearer’s body is quiet
or relaxed. Under these conditions, when bodily
body section of braided elastic sheathed cords of
the kind above mentioned; Said end Strap Sections
15 movements occur, especiallythose of bending,
stooping or those attendant upon walking, run-
having buckle 01‘ like fastening means for re— 15
.leesebly Coupling the some together for fastening
ning and similar activity, a tight or snug ?tting the belt aboutithe body of the wearer.
' belt of unyielding character will not readily, if
, Another Object of theinvention is to provide a
at all, accommodate itself to such body move- beltor other apparel structure requiring‘ an elastic
2o ments or to the muscular action involved, and
‘ as a result much discomfort to the wearer is en-
gendered. To avoid'these objections it has been
proposed to provide apparel belts made inawhole
or in part of elastic or stretchable material, but
Section 01‘ sections; a longitudinally stretchable 20
body of braided elastic 00rd. as above mentioned
Which, ‘in addition to its functional advantages,
provides o neat; pleasing and attractive appear
once‘ ‘adapted to enhance the Value of the belt
25 belts of such elastic character have not hereto' fore given entire satisfaction, since the character
and construction of the'elastic material employed
therein would. soon. wear and lose its elasticity or
01‘ other structure esen‘al‘tiele of apparel.
other Objects of this invention, not at this
time? more » particularly enumerated. will be
understood from the following detailed descrip
the‘ power to recover normal initial ‘condition
‘3,0 after stretching. In most cases there was little
tiOIl 0f the Same‘
. An illustrative embodiment of this invention is 30
resistance to stretch of the elastic material be-
Shown in theaooompanying drawing, in which
y-ond its elastic limit, and consequently more or
, Fig- 1 is a face '01‘ plan View of an apparel belt
less rapid impairment and deterioration thereof
made according to the principles of this inven
tion; Fig. ‘2,’ is a side edge elevation of‘the same;
, _
This invention has for its principal object to
provide a construction of apparel belt having
and Fig- 3 is a detail cross-sectional view. taken 35
on line ‘3-43 in Fig- 1, but drawn On an enlarged
a novel longitudinally elastic body or body sec-
SeeJe-~ ,1,
tion made of a plurality of elastic cords having
external sheaths of woven textile fabric; said
) sheathed
cords being
intertwined together by
‘ braiding or plaiting the same, or selected groups
Similar characters of reference are employed in
theahove described VieWS,t0 indicate eel‘l'espend
me perts-
thereof, to thereby produce a body of braided character l0 indicates one strap end portion of
formation. In such construction and formation ' the belt and lithe other strap end portion thereof.
of elastic body, the interengaging bights of the These strap end portions may be made of any
.15 braided or plaited elastic cord frictionally contact suitable pliant but non-stretchable material, such 45
one with another, and, when the body is sub-
mitted to longitudinal stretch, the braided or
plaited cords tend to crowd together, whereby an
effective resistance to stretch is increasingly set
{,0 up which becames proportionally greater as the
limit of elasticity is approached. By reason of
this, the novel elastic body, or body, section, is
sensitively responsive to initial stretching effect
under bodily movements of the wearer accom-
55 panying normal activities, but nevertheless tends
e. g. as natural or arti?cial leather, woven textile
fabric, or the like. One strap end portion, as [0,
is provided with a buckle l2 connected with its
free end. This buckle may be of any suitable
mechanical construction adapted to receive and 50
engage, in releasable coupled connection, the
other strap end portion ll. Illustrative of one
form of buckle which may be employed, I have
shown the same to comprise a buckle‘ of the
harness type provided with a pivoted tongue or 55
prong l3 adapted to selectively engage through
perforations I4 with which the strap end portion
II is provided. Said strap end portion I0 is
provided with the usual transverse loops l5 to re
ceive and hold in ?at lying position the free end
part of strap end portion II, when the latter is
coupled to strap end portion II] by means of the
buckle l2.
Arranged between the strap end portions l0—|l
10 is a body section of novel elastic or longitudinally
, stretchable character. ‘This body section is‘ pro
duced from elastic cords N5 of rubber, which are
each covered or sheathed in a tubular braided or;
woven covering I‘! of textile material (see Fig. 3
more particularly). The sheathed elastic cords
are intertwined and woven together by braiding
or plaiting the same, to thus produce an elastic
body section A of a width’ substantially corre->
sponding to the widths of the strap and portions
20 l0—-| I, between which said body section extends.
The'sheathed elastic cords maybe braided singly
or in multiples, i. e., in groups of selected number
thereof. For example, as shown in the drawing,
the sheathed cords are divided into groups of‘
25 two each, and these groups arethen braided or
plaited together. When braided or plaited to'_
gether, the sheathed elastic cords are crig-s's-g
crossed and interwoven back and- forth to extend
over and under one another,‘ thus obtaining a
30 snubbed and frictionalemutual engagement one
with another at close‘ intervals throughout the
extent of the body section A formed thereby.
Owing to this cross-crossed and snubbed fric
tional relation of the sheathed cords’ one to an
35 other, when the body section is submitted to
elastic stretch, it will at ?rst readily respond or
yield to stretching effects, but as the stretching
effect continues, with consequent progressive elon
gation of said body section, the mutually engaged
bights of the interwoven sheathedcords will tend
to crowd together, both in the'dlrection of the
width as well as in the direction of the thickness’
of the body section. ' Such crowding, together will’
progressively increase the intensity of frictional
A Cl
engagement of the sheathed cordswithcbnsel
quent progressively increasing resistance to
stretch. By such action any tendency of the body
section to stretch beyond a reasonable elastic
limit) is quickly ,oifset or arrested, and conse
50 quently the elasticcfiiciency or liveliness of the
rubber constituent of the body section is con
served, and undue and rapid wear and tear ofthe
body section in use is prevented.
The body section A is ?xedly coupled by its
ends to the adjoined ends of the strap end por
tions I 0—~II by means of metal‘coupling clipsB
which surround, embrace and ?rmly clamp the
adjoined ends of these parts, and thus couple said
strap end portions and body section in a‘ con-,
tinuous unitary belt structure.
In addition to the described functional char
acteristics of the novel belt body section, it will
be obvious that the same provides a very pleasing
appearance calculated to enhance the eye appeal
of the belt as a whole.
While I have described and desire to claim the
novel elastic body section as incorporated in and
constituting a functional part of an apparel belt
structure, it will be apparent that the novel elas
tic body section per se is also adapted for use in
other types of apparel supports, such as garters,
suspenders, etc.
I am aware that some changes could be made
in the above described structures, and that ap
parently widely different embodiments of this in
vention could be made without departing from the
scope thereof. It is therefore intended that all
matter contained in the above description or
shown in. the accompanying drawing shall be
interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting
I claim:
11. An apparel belt, comprising non-stretchable
strap end portions and an intermediate longitudi
nally stretchable body section, means to ai?x said
strap end portions in connected end to end rela
tion to said body section, said body section being
composed solely of a plurality of elastic rubber
cords, ‘each cord being enclosed in a tubular
braided fabric sheath», said sheathed cords being
arranged in strands composed of a plurality of
contiguous cords and said strands being inter
woven into a braided formation with the mutually
engaged‘ cross ‘nights of said strands disposed in
frictional contact and'adapted to crowd together ,
with increasing resistance to stretch as'the body
section eiongates toward the limit of its elasticity,
and means to releasably couple the free extremi
ties of said strap end portions in joined relation.
'2'. An apparel belt, comprising non-stretchable
strap end portions and an intermediate longitudi
nally stretchable body section, means to af?x said
strap end portions in connected end to end rela
tion to said body section, said body section being
composed solely of a plurality of elastic rubber
cords, each cord being enclosed in a tubular
braided fabric sheath, said sheathed cords being
disposed in multiple groups to form strands, said
strands thereof being interwoven in criss-Cross
relation into a braided formation with mutually
engaged cross bights in frictional contact and
adapted to crowd together in both the directions
of width and of thickness of the body section so as
to offer‘ increasing resistance to stretch as said
body section elongates toward the limit of its
elasticity, and means to releasably couple the
free extremities of said strap end portions in
joined relation.
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