Патент USA US2136892код для вставки
Nov. 15, 1938. ‘y H. w. ROESENER ‘ 2,136,892‘ vKNITTED HOSIERY TOE Filed Nov. 30, 1956 ,5 ) BY f/?i'l’ J W 30136210: - 7 5 Sheets-Sheet l ' INVENTOR. A ORNE‘Y. ' Nov. 15, 1938. H. w. ROESENER 2,136,892 KNITTED HOSIERY TOE Filed Nov. 30, 1936 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 // !!!!!!..§I . "' _ f‘ if] 4/ Warsaw: ATTORNEY. 2,136,892 Patented Nov. 15, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE rnvrr'rnn nosmay TOE Barry W. Roesener, Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to‘ Merchantville Hosiery Company, Merchant- _ ville, N. J. . Application November 30, 1936, Serial No. 113,416 11 Claims. (01. 66-182) contemplates the provision of a hosiery toe sec The present invention relates to hosiery made tion wherein the transferred loops throughout the ' on full fashioned knitting machines, and more major portion of said section are in engagement particularly to a toe for full fashioned stockings with loops disposed in the same wales so that the fashioning lines for‘ the'greater portion of their 5 The invention primarily. aims to provide a‘ lengths extend walewise of the fabric, with the method of knitting the toe section of full fash result that several wales adjacent to and parallel and the method of knitting the same. ' ioned hosiery whereby the toe may be made with ing said fashioning lines may be knitted from a the commonly known‘and used legger equipment, relatively light yarn for the purpose of imparting that is, without necessitating the use of pairs of an increased elasticity to the fabric. narrowingv combs and the complicated, involved 10 narrowing and transferring mechanism of a footer machine. ‘ As is generally known in the art, the foot nar rowings are such that four narrowing combs are required for each knitting section of the machine, two large combs and two small combs. The large combs are used on the outer edge portions of the l Other important objects and advantages of the invention will be in part obvious and in part pointed out hereinafter. ' operation may be readily understood by persons skilled in the art, I have, in the accompanying drawings,_ and in the detailed description based thereupon,’ set out a possible embodiment of the In these drawings: ?nished stocking con 20 small combs act on the intermediate portions, the associated combs being relatively operated through the double action of the narrowing mechanism of a footer to form the so-called toe gores and diamond points which heretofore have structed in accordance with the invention. Figure 2 shows a portion of the foot including the toe section of the stocking blank. been deemed necessary to properly fashion. the 08. 25 . The present invention has for one of its main objects the provision of a full fashioned hosiery toe construction that may be properly shaped by means of large combs alone thus permitting the knitting of the foot on a legger machine which, as 3O a In order that the‘ invention and its mode of fabric to narrow and shape the same, while the 2 ~ 10 well known, is of greatly simplified structure in comparison with the footer machine. Another object of the invention resides in the provision of a toe construction embodying a plu Figure 3 is ., a greatly enlarged diagrammatic representation showing the knitted structure of a fashioned portion of the toe section. Figure 4 diagrammatically illustrates the method of making the stocking toe section in ac cordance with the present invention. ‘Figure 5 is a diagrammaticv view of the toe sec 80 tion in which the courses are designated by hori zontal lines; the wales by vertical lines; the nar rowings by crosses; and the loops by dots. ‘Having more particular reference to. the draw ings, wherein like characters of reference willdes 35 ignate corresponding parts throughout, I have to different degrees and. separated by interposed shown in Figure 1 a full fashioned stocking I fabric panels knitted from anunreinforced rela which comprises the welt 2, the leg portion 3‘, and tivelylight body yarn, whereby it is possible to ‘ the foot portion 4 including the heel 5, sole 6, and rality of fabrics knitted from yarns reinforced 35 incorporate in the hosiery toe a toe patch rein toe 1. The welt 2, leg}, and foot 4 with its heel forced to a much‘greater extent than is practically 5 and sole 6 are of the usual construction and, 4 possible in ordinary full fashioned hosiery now therefore, need not be described herein. on the market, thereby imparting an increased As previously stated, this invention has to do the hosiery toe section. with improvements in the construction and ‘wearing quality to It is also an important feature of the invention .method of knitting the toe section ‘I, which will 45 to provide a full fashioned hosiery toe section be described in detail. ' -, in d; which may be heavily reinforced without danger now In the drawings, particularly Figure 2, it will of subjecting theparts of the knitting machine, appear that the toe section 1, that is, the portion such as the needles and narrowing points, to ex of they blank represented between the lines A--A cessive stresses, which may cause distortion or and B--B, consists of a pair of side fabrics 8 and 9 50 breakage of such parts, the construction of the respectively,- and an intermediate fabric or toe 50 toe being such that the possibility of accidental patch l0, said fabrics 8, 9, and Ill being defined by occurrence of drop ‘~‘loops and the formation of the fashioning lines ll extending walewise of the 1 runs in the ‘toe part while the same is being toe fabric for the major portion of their length, that is to say, the fashioning lines H extend wale- 55 knitted are practically eliminated. 55 ‘Another meritorious feature of the invention 2 2,188,892 wise of the fabric to the point indicated by the ‘dotted line 0-0. From the point indicated by the dotted line C—C to the tip I2.of the blank, the fashioning ' same weight, but of a heavier weight than the body yarn I61 The carrier II is disposed to re ciprocatc over one of the side fabrics, for instance Wardly of the fabric in the ' 8 as indicated by the arrow G, Figures 3, 4 and 5, that the side fabrics 8 and 9 whereas the carrier III is adapted to reciprocate over the other of said side fabrics, that is, the and intermediate fabric I0 have a reinforced con fabric 9 as indicated by the arrow H. struction, the intermediate fabric I0 being rein forced to a greater degree than the side fabrics The fourth and last carrier, designated by the reference character IV and, for convenience, 8 and 9, the latter preferably being of ordinary called the auxiliary reinforcing carrier, is thread manner represented at I3. It will be noted from reinforcement. I Disposed adjacent to, and paralleling each I 15 , said wales constituting represented by the arrow J. With the carriers arranged in the manner unreinforced fabric panels I5 separating the heavy reinforced intermediate fabric ID from the aforesaid, it will 20 20 25 ~ The method of knitting the stocking having the toe construction .above described W11] ‘be more. 30' 30 pose of shaping the fabric. It will appear, par ticularly from Figures 3 and 5, that the shaping of the fabric is bad by transferring inwardly of 35 the fabric'those loops'designated by the reference ing courses I8 normally disposed in the side fab rics 8 and 9. Preferably, the loops 20 are trans ferred the distance of two wales, although it is to be understood that said loops may be trans After the simultaneous laying of the yarns I6 ' ferred for a greater or lesser distance, as prefer ence or necessity may dictate. 50 that the loops 2| in the-intermediate section III ‘ 35 over said fabric so that there is formed a series of greatly reinforced wales I 42) covering the entire width of said intermediate fabric II]. 40 panel I5, after which the main carrier I and the main reinforcing carrier III move in unison to lay their respective yarns I6 and I1 for the for mation of that series of wales I4c constituting the side fabric 9. I6 and a .rela 56 00, sisting of relnforced end rows of loops made from the body yarn I6 and the reinforcing yarn 55 I1, a reinforced intermediate row of loops made from the body yarn I6 and the heavy reinforc ' 60 spaced selvedges 24 inforced panels I5. and 25 de?ning the unre I6 and is After the various yarns have been laid and knitted 70 75 Subsequent to the transfer operation, I laying movement of the carriers is resumed and 75 3 2,186,892 general appearance'of the stocking, but also mak yarns are again laid and knitted to form the suc ceeding course in the same manner‘ as above ‘ing it more comfortable to wear. In concluding, I wish it to be understood that described, with the exception that the carriers travel in the opposite direction, that is, in the whereas I have shown and described in detail direction indicated by the arrow E in Figure 4. At the completion of this latter course, how ever, no transfer of loops takes place so that a plain course is knitted in alternation with the narrowing courses. At this point, attention is the preferred embodiment of the invention, such embodiment is capable of modi?cations without departing from the spirit of the invention. Ac cordingly, those modi?cations reading in the called tothe fact that one or more additional scope of the claims are considered as part of this 10 invention. What I claim is: plain courses may‘be knitted between each nar , ~ ' , , 1. In a hosiery toe section, a pair of reinforced rowing course if the insertion of such additional ‘ side fabrics, a reinforced intermediate fabric dis courses is found preferable or necessary to pro-_ posed between said side fabrics, said intermediate vide the proper or required amount of fabric for fabric being reinforced to a greater degree than 16 the formation of the toe pocket. I It is pointed out that the laying of the separate yarns of different weights at spaced intervals dur ing the laying of the body yarn produces a cen that of the side fabrics, and an unreinforced fabric panel interposed between said intermediate fabric and each side fabric. tral or _ intermediate heavily reinforced fabric ?anked by ordinary reinforced fabrics, with a panel of unreinforced fabric interposed between the heavily reinforced'and each ordinary rein forced fabric. 2. In a hosiery toe section, ordinary reinforced side fabrics, a heavy reinforced fabric disposed between said side fabrics, and an unreinforced fabric panel interposed between said intermediate vfabric and each side fabric. ’ ‘ 3. In a hosiery toe section, side portions con fabrics, an inter ' 25 It will particularly appear from Figures 3 and 5, _sisting of narrowed vreinforced mediate portion consisting of a reinforced plain toe section in order to fashion the fabric thereof. fabric, and a connecting portion disposed between It will‘ be understood by those skilled in the vart said intermediate portion and each side portion » that the narrowing of the courses may be accom and consisting of a panel of unreinforced fabric. 30 plished through the operation of the well known 4. In a knitted hosiery toe section, a plurality narrowing mechanism generally provided upon of courses, each course consisting of reinforced full fashioned knitting machines now in common end rows of loops, a reinforced intermediate row use, which mechanism includes automatically ad of loops, and an unreinforced row of loops con justable stops controlling the length of the re necting said intermediate row of loops and each 35 ciprocating strokes of the carriers. end row of loops. ' how the successive transferred courses narrow the It will also clearly appear from Figures 3 and 5 5. In a knitted hosiery toe section, a plurality that whereas the fabric is reduced in width, the transfer of the loops in the major portion of the side fabrics 8 and 9 is not affected thereby, that is, the loops will be transferred repeatedly onto of courses, each course consisting of reinforced the same inner needles so that the transfer marks 22 occur in the same wales, with the result that the greater part of the fashioning lines I I created by said transfer marks, extend walewise of the toe fabric to a point (line 0-0) in close proximity to the tip of the stocking blank. When the blank end rows of loops, a rein-forced intermediate row of loops, and an unreinforced row of loops con 40 necting said intermediate row of loops and each and row of loops, the reinforced loops of the end rows being transferred from one wale to another and the reinforced loops of the intermediate row and the unreinforced connecting loops being dis 45 posed in their original wales. 45 has been knitted to the point representedby the line C-C, the narrowing is carried out in such a manner as to cause the innermost of the trans I 6. In a knitted hosiery toe section, a plurality of courses, each course consisting of reinforced end rows of loops, a reinforced intermediate row ferred loops in the successive narrowing courses to move step by step inwardly of the fabric and, 50 at the same time, to shorten the relative stroke of the four carriers hereinbefore referred to so that the lines of transfer marks and the rows of of loops, and an unreinforced row of loops con necting said intermediate row of loops and each 50 end row of 1oops,isaid intermediate row of loops being reinforced to a greater degree than the end rows of loops. '7. In a knitted hosiery toe section, a plurality of courses, each course consisting of reinforced 65 of the toe section gradually converge to the tip end rows of loops, a" reinforced intermediate row 55 of loops, and an unreinforced row of loops con it of the blank. ' Because of this constructional feature of the necting said intermediate row of loops and each invention, it will be appreciated that the major end row of loops, the reinforced loops of the end portion of the wales M consisting of loops made rows being transferred from one wale to another 60 from the relatively light body yarn extend on a and the reinforced loops of the intermediate row 60 straight line in the general longitudinal direc and the unreinforced connecting loops being dis tion of the toe fabric, thus providing between posed in their original wales, said intermediate row _ the reinforced fabrics B and 9 and ill well defined - of loops being reinforced to a greater degree than 65 panels it of knitted fabric, the elasticity of which the end’ rows of loops. 65 is not hindered by the reinforcement of the ad 8. In a knitted hosiery toe section, a ‘plurality iacent fabrics. Consequently, the preserved elas of courses. each course consisting of reinforced ticity of the panels l5 gives to the toe that degree of stretchability suihcient to assure its fit and end rows of loops, a reinforced intermediate‘ row adaptation to the foot of the wearer. Moreover, of loops, and an unreinforced row of loops con 70 due to the presence in the toe fabric of wales of necting said intermediate row of loops and each 70 loops constructed from a ~relatively light yarn end row ‘of loops, the loops of the end rows being with which the transferred loops are engaged, the transferred from one wale to another, the outer unreinforced loops at the opposite side portions v‘usual thick and conspicuous rows of - overlapping transferred loops of the common toe gores are 75 eliminated. rem?ting in not ‘only improving the most transferred loops engaging certain of said unreinforced loops and the reinforced loops in the 75 4 ' 2,136,892 intermediate row and the unreinforced connect- rows of'loops in overlapping relation extending in ing loops remaining in their original wale. 9. A knitted fabric toe section comprising: parallel relationship with the wales of the toe sec tion, each of ‘said side fabrics having additional said side fabrics to the intermediate fabric, each of said side fabrics, for the major length of the toe section, having end rows of loops arranged in 10 overlapping interknit relation with rows of loops 15 uation of, and extending at an angle to, said ?rst rows of loops and at an angle to the wales of the toe section, to fashion the‘ toe section. 11. A hosiery toe section comprising: a pair of l of its associated intervening fabric panel to fashion the toe section, said rows of loops in over- outer reinforced knitted fabrics, an intermediate reinforced knitted fabric, and fashioning rows of lapping relation extending in parallel relation- overlapping loops between the fabrics, the over l0. A knitted fabric toe section comprising: - being disposed in’ the same wales of the toe sec- 1 knitted reinforced side fabrics, a knitted rein- tion whereby the same will extend in parallel forced intermediate fabric, and intervening unre- relation with the wales of the toe fabric, and the inforced knitted fabric panels connecting each of overlapping loops of the remaining length of each 20 of said side fabrics, for the major length of the section to extend‘at an angle to, and across, cer- 21 overlapping interknit relation with rows of loops of its associated intervening fabric panel, the - HARRY W. ROESENER.