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Патент USA US2136892

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Nov. 15, 1938. ‘y
H. w. ROESENER
‘
2,136,892‘
vKNITTED HOSIERY TOE
Filed Nov. 30, 1956
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BY f/?i'l’
J W 30136210:
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5 Sheets-Sheet l
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INVENTOR.
A
ORNE‘Y. '
Nov. 15, 1938.
H. w. ROESENER
2,136,892
KNITTED HOSIERY TOE
Filed Nov. 30, 1936
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
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ATTORNEY.
2,136,892
Patented Nov. 15, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
rnvrr'rnn nosmay TOE
Barry W. Roesener, Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to‘
Merchantville Hosiery Company, Merchant- _
ville, N. J. .
Application November 30, 1936, Serial No. 113,416
11 Claims. (01. 66-182)
contemplates the provision of a hosiery toe sec
The present invention relates to hosiery made
tion wherein the transferred loops throughout the '
on full fashioned knitting machines, and more
major portion of said section are in engagement
particularly to a toe for full fashioned stockings
with loops disposed in the same wales so that the
fashioning lines for‘ the'greater portion of their 5
The invention primarily. aims to provide a‘ lengths extend walewise of the fabric, with the
method of knitting the toe section of full fash
result that several wales adjacent to and parallel
and the method of knitting the same.
'
ioned hosiery whereby the toe may be made with
ing said fashioning lines may be knitted from a
the commonly known‘and used legger equipment,
relatively light yarn for the purpose of imparting
that is, without necessitating the use of pairs of
an increased elasticity to the fabric.
narrowingv combs and the complicated, involved
10 narrowing and transferring mechanism of a
footer machine.
‘
As is generally known in the art, the foot nar
rowings are such that four narrowing combs are
required for each knitting section of the machine,
two large combs and two small combs. The large
combs are used on the outer edge portions of the
l
Other important objects and advantages of the
invention will be in part obvious and in part
pointed out hereinafter. '
operation may be readily understood by persons
skilled in the art, I have, in the accompanying
drawings,_ and in the detailed description based
thereupon,’ set out a possible embodiment of the
In these drawings:
?nished stocking con 20
small combs act on the intermediate portions, the
associated combs being relatively operated
through the double action of the narrowing
mechanism of a footer to form the so-called toe
gores and diamond points which heretofore have
structed in accordance with the invention.
Figure 2 shows a portion of the foot including
the toe section of the stocking blank.
been deemed necessary to properly fashion. the
08.
25
.
The present invention has for one of its main
objects the provision of a full fashioned hosiery
toe construction that may be properly shaped by
means of large combs alone thus permitting the
knitting of the foot on a legger machine which, as
3O
a
In order that the‘ invention and its mode of
fabric to narrow and shape the same, while the
2
~ 10
well known, is of greatly simplified structure in
comparison with the footer machine.
Another object of the invention resides in the
provision of a toe construction embodying a plu
Figure 3 is ., a greatly enlarged diagrammatic
representation showing the knitted structure of a
fashioned portion of the toe section.
Figure 4 diagrammatically illustrates the
method of making the stocking toe section in ac
cordance with the present invention.
‘Figure 5 is a diagrammaticv view of the toe sec 80
tion in which the courses are designated by hori
zontal lines; the wales by vertical lines; the nar
rowings by crosses; and the loops by dots.
‘Having more particular reference to. the draw
ings, wherein like characters of reference willdes 35
ignate corresponding parts throughout, I have
to different degrees and. separated by interposed shown in Figure 1 a full fashioned stocking I
fabric panels knitted from anunreinforced rela which comprises the welt 2, the leg portion 3‘, and
tivelylight body yarn, whereby it is possible to ‘ the foot portion 4 including the heel 5, sole 6, and
rality of fabrics knitted from yarns reinforced
35
incorporate in the hosiery toe a toe patch rein
toe 1. The welt 2, leg}, and foot 4 with its heel
forced to a much‘greater extent than is practically 5 and sole 6 are of the usual construction and,
4 possible in ordinary full fashioned hosiery now
therefore, need not be described herein.
on the market, thereby imparting an increased
As previously stated, this invention has to do
the hosiery toe section.
with improvements in the construction and
‘wearing
quality
to
It is also an important feature of the invention .method of knitting the toe section ‘I, which will 45
to provide a full fashioned hosiery toe section
be described in detail.
'
-, in
d;
which may be heavily reinforced without danger now
In the drawings, particularly Figure 2, it will
of subjecting theparts of the knitting machine, appear that the toe section 1, that is, the portion
such as the needles and narrowing points, to ex
of they blank represented between the lines A--A
cessive stresses, which may cause distortion or and B--B, consists of a pair of side fabrics 8 and 9 50
breakage of such parts, the construction of the respectively,- and an intermediate fabric or toe
50 toe being such that the possibility of accidental patch l0, said fabrics 8, 9, and Ill being defined by
occurrence of drop ‘~‘loops and the formation of the fashioning lines ll extending walewise of the
1 runs in the ‘toe part while the same is being toe fabric for the major portion of their length,
that is to say, the fashioning lines H extend wale- 55
knitted are practically eliminated.
55
‘Another meritorious feature of the invention
2
2,188,892
wise of the fabric to the point indicated by the
‘dotted line 0-0.
From the point indicated by the dotted line
C—C to the tip I2.of the blank, the fashioning
'
same weight, but of a heavier weight than the
body yarn I61 The carrier II is disposed to re
ciprocatc over one of the side fabrics, for instance
Wardly of the fabric in the
'
8 as indicated by the arrow G,
Figures 3, 4 and 5, that the side fabrics 8 and 9
whereas the carrier III is adapted to reciprocate
over the other of said side fabrics, that is, the
and intermediate fabric I0 have a reinforced con
fabric 9 as indicated by the arrow H.
struction, the intermediate fabric I0 being rein
forced to a greater degree than the side fabrics
The fourth and last carrier, designated by the
reference character IV and, for convenience,
8 and 9, the latter preferably being of ordinary
called the auxiliary reinforcing carrier, is thread
manner represented at I3.
It will be noted from
reinforcement.
I
Disposed adjacent to, and paralleling each I
15
, said wales constituting
represented by the arrow J.
With the carriers arranged in the manner
unreinforced fabric panels I5 separating the
heavy reinforced intermediate fabric ID from the
aforesaid, it will
20
20
25
~ The method of knitting the stocking having the
toe construction .above described W11] ‘be more.
30'
30
pose of shaping the fabric. It will appear, par
ticularly from Figures 3 and 5, that the shaping
of
the fabric is bad by transferring inwardly of
35
the fabric'those loops'designated by the reference
ing courses I8 normally disposed in the side fab
rics 8 and 9. Preferably, the loops 20 are trans
ferred the distance of two wales, although it is
to be understood that said loops may be trans
After the simultaneous laying of the yarns I6 '
ferred for a greater or lesser distance, as prefer
ence or necessity may dictate.
50
that the loops 2| in the-intermediate section III
‘
35
over said fabric so that there is formed a series
of greatly reinforced wales I 42) covering the entire
width of said intermediate fabric II].
40
panel I5, after which the main carrier I and the
main reinforcing carrier III move in unison to
lay their respective yarns I6 and I1 for the for
mation of that series of wales I4c constituting
the side fabric 9.
I6 and a .rela
56
00,
sisting of relnforced end rows of loops made
from the body yarn I6 and the reinforcing yarn 55
I1, a reinforced intermediate row of loops made
from the body yarn I6 and the heavy reinforc
'
60
spaced selvedges 24
inforced panels I5. and 25 de?ning the unre
I6 and is
After the various yarns have been laid and
knitted
70
75
Subsequent to the transfer operation,
I
laying movement of the carriers is resumed and
75
3
2,186,892
general appearance'of the stocking, but also mak
yarns are again laid and knitted to form the suc
ceeding course in the same manner‘ as above
‘ing it more comfortable to wear.
In concluding, I wish it to be understood that
described, with the exception that the carriers
travel in the opposite direction, that is, in the
whereas I have shown and described in detail
direction indicated by the arrow E in Figure 4.
At the completion of this latter course, how
ever, no transfer of loops takes place so that a
plain course is knitted in alternation with the
narrowing courses. At this point, attention is
the preferred embodiment of the invention, such
embodiment is capable of modi?cations without
departing from the spirit of the invention. Ac
cordingly, those modi?cations reading in the
called tothe fact that one or more additional
scope of the claims are considered as part of this 10
invention.
What I claim is:
plain courses may‘be knitted between each nar
,
~
'
,
,
1. In a hosiery toe section, a pair of reinforced
rowing course if the insertion of such additional ‘ side fabrics, a reinforced intermediate fabric dis
courses is found preferable or necessary to pro-_ posed between said side fabrics, said intermediate
vide the proper or required amount of fabric for fabric being reinforced to a greater degree than 16
the formation of the toe pocket.
I
It is pointed out that the laying of the separate
yarns of different weights at spaced intervals dur
ing the laying of the body yarn produces a cen
that of the side fabrics, and an unreinforced
fabric panel interposed between said intermediate
fabric and each side fabric.
tral or _ intermediate heavily reinforced fabric
?anked by ordinary reinforced fabrics, with a
panel of unreinforced fabric interposed between
the heavily reinforced'and each ordinary rein
forced fabric.
2. In a hosiery toe section, ordinary reinforced
side fabrics, a heavy reinforced fabric disposed
between said side fabrics, and an unreinforced
fabric panel interposed between said intermediate
vfabric and each side fabric.
’ ‘
3. In a hosiery toe section, side portions con
fabrics, an inter
'
25
It will particularly appear from Figures 3 and 5, _sisting of narrowed vreinforced
mediate portion consisting of a reinforced plain
toe section in order to fashion the fabric thereof. fabric, and a connecting portion disposed between
It will‘ be understood by those skilled in the vart said intermediate portion and each side portion »
that the narrowing of the courses may be accom
and consisting of a panel of unreinforced fabric. 30
plished through the operation of the well known
4. In a knitted hosiery toe section, a plurality
narrowing mechanism generally provided upon of courses, each course consisting of reinforced
full fashioned knitting machines now in common end rows of loops, a reinforced intermediate row
use, which mechanism includes automatically ad
of loops, and an unreinforced row of loops con
justable stops controlling the length of the re
necting said intermediate row of loops and each
35
ciprocating strokes of the carriers.
end row of loops.
'
how the successive transferred courses narrow the
It will also clearly appear from Figures 3 and 5
5. In a knitted hosiery toe section, a plurality
that whereas the fabric is reduced in width, the
transfer of the loops in the major portion of the
side fabrics 8 and 9 is not affected thereby, that
is, the loops will be transferred repeatedly onto
of courses, each course consisting of reinforced
the same inner needles so that the transfer marks
22 occur in the same wales, with the result that
the greater part of the fashioning lines I I created
by said transfer marks, extend walewise of the toe
fabric to a point (line 0-0) in close proximity
to the tip of the stocking blank. When the blank
end rows of loops, a rein-forced intermediate row
of loops, and an unreinforced row of loops con 40
necting said intermediate row of loops and each
and row of loops, the reinforced loops of the end
rows being transferred from one wale to another
and the reinforced loops of the intermediate row
and the unreinforced connecting loops being dis 45
posed in their original wales.
45 has been knitted to the point representedby the
line C-C, the narrowing is carried out in such a
manner as to cause the innermost of the trans
I
6. In a knitted hosiery toe section, a plurality
of courses, each course consisting of reinforced
end rows of loops, a reinforced intermediate row
ferred loops in the successive narrowing courses
to move step by step inwardly of the fabric and,
50 at the same time, to shorten the relative stroke
of the four carriers hereinbefore referred to so
that the lines of transfer marks and the rows of
of loops, and an unreinforced row of loops con
necting said intermediate row of loops and each 50
end row of 1oops,isaid intermediate row of loops
being reinforced to a greater degree than the end
rows of loops.
'7. In a knitted hosiery toe section, a plurality
of courses, each course consisting of reinforced 65
of the toe section gradually converge to the tip end rows of loops, a" reinforced intermediate row
55
of loops, and an unreinforced row of loops con
it of the blank.
'
Because of this constructional feature of the necting said intermediate row of loops and each
invention, it will be appreciated that the major end row of loops, the reinforced loops of the end
portion of the wales M consisting of loops made rows being transferred from one wale to another 60
from the relatively light body yarn extend on a and the reinforced loops of the intermediate row
60
straight line in the general longitudinal direc
and the unreinforced connecting loops being dis
tion of the toe fabric, thus providing between posed in their original wales, said intermediate row _
the reinforced fabrics B and 9 and ill well defined - of loops being reinforced to a greater degree than 65
panels it of knitted fabric, the elasticity of which
the end’ rows of loops.
65 is not hindered by the reinforcement of the ad
8. In a knitted hosiery toe section, a ‘plurality
iacent fabrics. Consequently, the preserved elas
of
courses. each course consisting of reinforced
ticity of the panels l5 gives to the toe that degree
of stretchability suihcient to assure its fit and end rows of loops, a reinforced intermediate‘ row
adaptation to the foot of the wearer. Moreover, of loops, and an unreinforced row of loops con 70
due to the presence in the toe fabric of wales of necting said intermediate row of loops and each
70 loops constructed from a ~relatively light yarn end row ‘of loops, the loops of the end rows being
with which the transferred loops are engaged, the transferred from one wale to another, the outer
unreinforced loops at the opposite side portions
v‘usual thick and conspicuous rows of - overlapping
transferred loops of the common toe gores are
75 eliminated. rem?ting in not ‘only improving the
most transferred loops engaging certain of said
unreinforced loops and the reinforced loops in the 75
4
'
2,136,892
intermediate row and the unreinforced connect-
rows of'loops in overlapping relation extending in
ing loops remaining in their original wale.
9. A knitted fabric toe section comprising:
parallel relationship with the wales of the toe sec
tion, each of ‘said side fabrics having additional
said side fabrics to the intermediate fabric, each
of said side fabrics, for the major length of the
toe section, having end rows of loops arranged in
10 overlapping interknit relation with rows of loops
15
uation of, and extending at an angle to, said ?rst
rows of loops and at an angle to the wales of the
toe section, to fashion the‘ toe section.
11. A hosiery toe section comprising: a pair of l
of its associated intervening fabric panel to
fashion the toe section, said rows of loops in over-
outer reinforced knitted fabrics, an intermediate
reinforced knitted fabric, and fashioning rows of
lapping relation extending in parallel relation-
overlapping loops between the fabrics, the over
l0. A knitted fabric toe section comprising: - being disposed in’ the same wales of the toe sec- 1
knitted reinforced side fabrics, a knitted rein- tion whereby the same will extend in parallel
forced intermediate fabric, and intervening unre- relation with the wales of the toe fabric, and the
inforced knitted fabric panels connecting each of overlapping loops of the remaining length of each
20 of said side fabrics, for the major length of the
section to extend‘at an angle to, and across, cer- 21
overlapping interknit relation with rows of loops
of its associated intervening fabric panel, the -
HARRY W. ROESENER.
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