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Патент USA US2136927

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Nov, 159-11938.
, Filed April 11, 1936
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Patented Nov. 15, 1938
Carl Schaum,
Pa.; ,
Winifred W.
Schaum administratrix of said Carl Schaum,
Application April 11, 1936, Serial No. 73,841
8 Claims.
‘ ‘This invention relates to an improvement in
means for supporting and adjusting a garment
Heretofore'it has been suggested to provide a
5 garment press with means for adjusting the head
in addition to the usual operation ‘of the head
by‘means of a treadle and suitable linkage con
nected to the head supporting member, but such
means' has involved a substantial additional
10 manufacturing expense, and its operation has
affected the‘ operating toggle“ adjustment.
‘ By my invention I provide an improved means
at its rear end to operating means which may be
of any ‘suitable kind.
As illustrated herein the
operating means includes triangular lever 2i) piv
oted to the ‘frame at 2|, having at its front apex
the treadle. 22, and the link 23 pivoted at 24 to
the top apex of the triangular lever 20, and at 25.
to the lever l9. The front end 19a of the lever 10
l9 rests upon the inclined’ surface of an adjust
ing member 26 which as illustrated herein is
mounted on the top of the front‘ portion of the
to “ operate,‘ is economical to manufacture and
‘ ‘My device has the advantage that the adjust
ment of the head may be made without affecting
the operating toggle adjustment. Other objects
and ‘ advantages of the invention will appear
from the following description and the claims
appended thereto.
‘ ‘In carrying out my invention I provide a main
head positioning means, and an inclined or hel
ical adjusting member intermediate the head and
said means, by which a further and measured
degree of adjustment of thehead may be ob
The invention will best be understood if the
3 ol following ‘description is read in connection With
the accompanying drawing in which
Figure l ‘is a side elevation of my device.
Figure 2 is a top plan View of the‘head portion
of the press.
35 “Figure 3 is a perspective view of an adjusting
member used in my‘ device. '
Figure 4 is a detail view of the supporting suré
face on which the adjusting member is mounted,
Figure 5 is a detail view showing a modi?ed
The member26 has a flat surface 21 and‘an 15
inclined surface 28 or is otherwise designed so
that it will‘ vary progressively in height. I pre
fer to make the member 26 helical in form, as
illustrated herein, for convenience in operating.
Any suitable mounting means may be provided, 20
such as the pivot 29. The member 26 has a nan-7
dle 36} which is positioned adjacent the high point
of the helix.
‘ Fastened at 32 to the under surface of lever IS,
in front of pivot H, I provide a spring leaf1‘33, 26
the free end 34 of which extends into therotary
path of the head supporting lever Hi.- It will be
obvious that spring 33 not only holds the two
levers l6 and I9 together but also aids the coun
ter-weight ill in overcoming ‘the inertia of ‘the
head, causing it to rise when the pressure upon
the head is decreased either by movement of the
adjusting means 26 or by release of the head op}
By operation of the treadle 22 and- intermedi~ 35
ate linkage the lever I9 is initially caused to close
the head l5. Thereafter until the, treadle and
the linkage means are released the lever l9 will
be held in ?xed position. The front end Illa of
form of head adjusting device.
the lever 19 abuts against the inclined surface 40
28 of the adjusting member 26 and transmits
‘ ‘The press shown in the drawing comprises a
frame‘ In having'near its front a standard H on
pressure from the treadle and intermediate link
age to the head l5 through ‘the member 26. As
which‘is mounted the stationary garment, sup‘
port or buck I2 which may be of‘ any suitable
structure‘ and customarily is a hollow padded
member‘ heated by steam circulated through an
mount both levers, l6 and 19 on the same axis,
and I have illustrated the lever I 9 herein as
also pivoted at IT. The lever 19 is connected,
for ‘adjusting the head which is extremely simple
enables the operator to quickly set the adjust~
ment for a predetermined position.‘
(CI. 38—36)
will be readily understood the position of the
head may be further adjusted, and either more, 45
or less pressure exerted upon the head, by moving
the member 26 relatively to the front end l9a. of
inner ‘chamber. The rear portion of the frame
has'a standard l3 and supported between the
standards II and I3 the table 54 is shown.
thelever Hi. This may be easily accomplished
by using the handle 30 to rotate the member 26
upon its pivot 29. Since during the‘ adjustment
The head 15 is carried by the front end of the
of the member 26 the lever l9 will‘ be stationary,
movement of the member 26 so as to interpos‘e a
supporting lever l6 ‘which is pivotally mounted
at‘ IT upon the standard [3. The rear portion of
the lever I6 is enlarged, forming a counter
85 weight |8 which‘ tends to rotate ‘the‘lever it about
the pivot I1 and ‘thus raise the head l5.
Also pivotally'mounted upon standard I3 is a
second lever l9 which I refer to hereinafter as
the operating lever. While the operating lever I9
60 may be provided with a separate pivot I prefer to
portion of greater ‘thickness or height between
the front end l?a of the lever l9 and the head
support will force the head downwardly; ‘.Simi 55
larly, movement of the, member 26 ‘to interpose
a portion of less thickness or‘height between‘ the
front end l9a of the lever [B and the head sup
port will permit the head to rise due to the action
of a counter-weight I8 and the spring leaf 33. ‘
The handle 30 of the member 26 serves also as
a stop preventing the front end I9a of lever H!
ed concentric levers, and a leaf spring attached
to one of said members and extending into en
from falling off the high point 3| of the inclined gagement with the other of said members, and
arranged to prevent separation of said levers and
surface 28 of the operating member 25.
On the top surface of the head supporting - means interposed between the front end of one
member surrounding the member 26 calibrations of said members and the top of said head sup
35 may be provided cooperating with the pointer porting means to vary the plane of contact there
36 on the member 26. The calibrations may be between.
4. In a garment press a frame, head support—
graduated in inches of head adjustment or with
ing and head operating levers pivotally mounted 10
10 any other markings which may be desired. In
this way the operator is enabled to set the ad
in the frame so that pressure exerted on the head
justing member 26 in advance at a degree of
operating lever may be transmitted to the head
supporting lever, a spring attached to one of said
adjustment which experience has shown to be
suitable for the work being done, or whennew
adjustment is made the degree of adjustment
can be read from the dial and used in further
operations or for purposes of comparison.
Thetop surface of the head supporting lever
IS, on which the adjusting member 26 is mount~
ed, may be machined flat for the member 26 to
rest upon.
As illustrated herein I have shown a
three-point support for the member 26 compris
ing bosses 31, one of which is preferably posi
tioned directly below the end Illa of the lever l9
so that an adequate support for the member 26
will be provided directly beneath the point of
application of pressure through the front end
lSa of lever l9.
In Figure 5 a modi?ed form of adjusting mem
levers and extending into engagement with the
other of said levers-and arranged to prevent said 15
levers from moving apart, and means interposed
between said levers to vary the angular relation
of said levers.
5. In a garment press comprising, a frame, a
head, head supporting and pressure levers pivot 20
ally mounted intermediate their ends on said
frame and arranged in such a manner that pres
sure may be delivered from the forward end of
said pressure lever to the forward end of said
head supporting lever, means for exerting pres 25
sure on said pressure lever, a member variable
in height interposed between said levers, and
means for moving said member to vary its height
without decreasing the pressure on said pres
ber is illustrated. In place of the helical member
26 a circular disk 40 may be interposed between
sure lever.
the head and the [pressure lever [9. As illus
trated herein the disk 40 is pivotally mounted on
the front end of the lever 19 on a horizontal
supporting and pressure levers pivotally mounted
axis, which may be either in a plane parallel to,
or at right angles with, the lever I9, according
to which position is more convenient for the op
erator. Due to its eccentric mounting, rotation
of the disk 40 will progressively vary the space
between the top of the head supporting lever Hi
and the front end of the pressure lever l9. If
desired, calibrations may be placed around the
periphery of the member 40 and readings taken
at the point of tangential contact with the top
head supporting lever, adjusting means inter 35.
posed between the forward ends of said levers to
vary the spacing, and a spring member attached
between said levers and arranged to urge said
levers together.
of the head supporting lever Hi.
abutting relationship with the forwardly extend
ing portion of said head supporting lever, said
head supporting lever having an enlarged por
My device provides an adjusting means, by
which exceedingly ?ne adjustments of the head
may be obtained, and which is retained through
friction alone in any predetermined position.
What I claim is:
1. A garment press comprising a frame, a head,
a head supporting lever and a head operating
lever pivotally mounted on the frame, a movable
adjusting member disposed between the head
vl Cl supporting lever and said operating lever, means
for exerting a thrust upon said head operating
lever to force it against said member, and a
spring member engaging said levers and ar
ranged to hold the operating lever in contact with
50 the movable adjusting member.
2. A garment press comprising a frame, a
head, a head supporting lever and a head op
6. In a garment press, a frame, a head, head
in the frame, means for exerting pressure on
said pressure lever and transmitting it to the
7. A garment press comprising a frame, a head, 4.0
a head supporting lever and a pressure lever piv
otally mounted intermediate their ends on the
same axis on said frame, said pressure lever hav
ing a forwardly extending arm rotatable into
tion rearward of its axis tending to rotate said
lever to raise the head, a treadle, and means
interconnecting the treadle and the pressure 50
lever rearward of the said axis whereby a thrust
may be exerted on vthe pressure lever to cause
it to rotate so that its forwardly extending arm
will approach the forwardly extending portion
of the head supporting lever, and an adjusting 5.5
member interposed between the pressure lever
and the head supporting lever whereby the pres
sure exerted on the head may be varied through a
predetermined range without further movement
of said pressure lever.
B. A garment press having a frame, a head, a
head supporting lever and a pressure lever piv
erating lever pivotally mounted concentrically
oted on a common axis in said frame, said pres
on the frame, an adjusting member disposed
between the head supporting lever and said op
sure lever having a forwardly extending portion
rotatable into abutting relationship with the for 65.
erating lever, means for actuating said operating
wardly extending portion of said head supporting
lever, and a spring member ?xed to one of said
lever, means for exerting an up-thrust on said
pressure lever rearward of its pivot, and a mem
levers and extending into the engagement with
the other lever, and disposed to prevent separa
tion of said levers.
3. In a garment press, head supporting and
adjusting means comprising two pivotally mount
ber variable in height interposed between the
forwardly extending arms of said levers.
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