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Патент USA US2136941

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>NOV. 15, 1938.
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Q A_ FLOOD
‘2,136,941
ATTACHING AND PRINTING MACHINE AND METHOD
.Filerd Aug. 20, 1935
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Nov. 15, 1938.
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C, A, FLOOD
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ATTACHING AND PRINTING MACHINE AND METHOD
Filed Aug.‘ 20, 1935
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ATTACHING AND. PRINTING MACHINE AND METHOD
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Filed Aug. 20, 1935
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ATTACHING AND PRINTING MACHINE AND METHOD
Filed Aug. 20, 1935
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ATTACHING AND PRINTING MACHINE AND METHOD
Filed Aug. 20, 1935
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Patented Nov. 15, 1938
l V
_
i
_ UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
ATTACHING AND PRINTING MACHINE AND
-MIETHOD
Carl A. Flood, Framingham, Mass., assignor to.
,_
Dennison Manufacturing Company, Framing
ham, Mass, a corporation of Massachusetts
Application August 20, 1935, Serial No. 36,989
23, Claims. (Cl. 98-—88)
'This invention relates to a combined printing
To permit these desirable results, the ticket
and attaching machine, to a method of printing
feeding means preferably is arranged to move
which is advantageously employed by this machine, and to features of printing and attaching
the ticket into juxtaposition to the ?rst portion
,of the printing mechanism, whereupon a print
5 mechanisms which are particularly useful in a
ing operation is effected, and then to move the! 5
machine of this type. My prior copending appli- - ticket into juxtaposition to the second portion of
cations Serial Nos. 565,466 and 650,285, ?led re- ‘the mechanism when the second printing opera
spectively September 28, 1931K and January 5, ~ tion is effected. If the two lines of printing are
1933, disclose machines of the general character, to be duplicated, the feeding mechanism then
10 to which the present invention is- directed, these moves the ticket back into juxtaposition to the 10
machines being arranged to print successive ?rst printing portion, where a third printing
tickets with price markings and identifying in- operation occurs and the ?rst line is repeated.
dicia or the like, and to feed the printed tickets The ticket is then moved by the feeding ,mecha
to an attaching station where each ticket may be nism into another location wherein it is juxta—
“5 attached to an article of wearing apparel or the posed to the second printing portion and is there 15
like. Thus machines of this type are particularly again printed so that the second line of indicia
suited for use in department stores, mail order
, houses and similar establishments.
,
"
In accordance with the present invention, a
2° particularly convenient printing mechanism may
be provided, having means to facilitate the adlustment Of the impr?ssihg elements 50 that the
indicia being printed 1113011 the tickets can be
l'eadily changed- ' Thus ythe Present invention
25 adds to the utility of machines of this character,
‘
In order to facilitate these operations, the
feeding mechanism is arranged to feed the
tickets preferably in a strip along a straight-line 20
path to a severing mechanism. From! this
mechanism the severed ticket may be fed trans
versely to one printing portion; then fed trans
versely, preferably back to a position in line with l
the path of movement, of the ticket strip’, to a, 25
especially when small .lots of tickets are to be
Second printing position; then transvers?y} to a, ' \
Phnted- In many respects the Printing mechamsml may be of the type-disclosed in my amend‘
third printing position substantially in line‘with
its ?rst printing position; then transversely; to a'
30 ' mg
25,
printing
1933,
epphcatioil
such
wheels
a serial
mechanism
and aN0-corresponding
695,116,
providing
?led
aseries
series
October
of
3
is duplicated.
fourth
with
point the
the
printing
second
feedingposition
printing
mechanism
substantially
position
may From
direct‘
in‘ this
line
the \\
[indicating wheels, a suitable carriage being pro-
ticket to the attaching Station The attaéhing
vided to . permit
of any
.
. the ready adjustment
.
.
- :
mechanism
may be of the general type disclosed
selected lndlcatlng wheel and the simultaneous
in my above_identi?ed application serial No. 35
corresponding adjustment of the printing wheel.
.
*\
-'
Thus ready movement of the selected impressing i?iég?t’obsgligggngg igggrgf211131.53‘; {Sign the
elementsto printing position may be effected
without necessitatin
g
rem
ova
1
-
-
of the prmtmg
head from the machine or an
o erations that
40 are likely to soil the hands of tlslfe olperator of the
machine. '‘
_
_
One important feature of the present machlne
relates to the arrangement of control means
l
.
.
.
.
effectlve to permit a Single prmtmfg of each of 40
. the two lines of indicia upon a tlcket or the
The present mvenngm particularly permits the
employment of printing mechanism of this character to print at least two lines of printing in
45 compactly spaced position. To this end, the
duplicate printing of the two lines, and separate
control means to control the feeding of the tlckets
so that either long or short tickets may be fed,
as desired!‘
45
printing wheel assembly may include two por- ‘
A further feature of the invention relates to
tions which successively; engage the ticket be- the provision of means which iS particularly ad
ing printed, so that one portion of the mechanism is effective in printing one line upon the
50 ticket and the other portion of the mechanism
is effective in printing an adjoining line. Furthermore, the invention also affords meansso
that this printing mechanism may be effective
in duplicating each of the lineszof printing on
55 the ticket when desired.
‘
-
vantageous with tickets of the type disclosed in
my United States Patent No. 1,912,268, issued
May 30, 1933, having recesses therein to receive 50
the point of an attaching pin and guide the
same to a position wherein it is embedded be
tween the surfaces of the tickgt. In accordance
with this invention, recesses 0 this type may be
1 taken advantage of to receive a feeding pawl or 55
1,”.
2,130,941
2
' ?nger which is effective in advancing successive
tickets to the severing position.
A further advantageous aspect of the invention
relative positions and paths of movement of the
ticket during the printing portion of the cycle;
Fig. 14 is a plan view of a ticket which may be
printed by a machine of this character;
Fig. 15 is an isometric view of a section of the
relates to the provision of control means which
is to be employed when the machine is to be
cleared of tickets of one type, this control means
being arranged so that the printing mechanism‘
‘ticket indicated by line ‘ii-‘l5 of Fig. 14;
may be temporarily rendered inoperative and the
part of the feeding mechanism which directs
Fig. 17 is a detail bottom view, with parts'
shown in section, of the mechanism for con
10. tickets to the severing means may similarly be
rendered inoperative, so that the last ticket pro
Fig. 16 is a front elevation of the machine;
10
trolling the number of printing operations; Fig. 18 is a front elevation of the pinning
ceeding from the printing mechanism may pass
to the attaching station and be attached with
out necessitating the printing of an extra ticket
15 or without necessitating the direct engagement of
mechanism, parts being broken away and shown
in section;
' a portion of the‘ ticket-supporting means with
Fig. 20 is a section on line 20-20 of Fig. 16;
Fig. 21 is a rear view of the attaching mecha
nism with parts shown in section;
Fig. 22 is a sectional detail showing the ar
the printing wheels. Furthermore, this control
means may be arranged so that the strip carry
ing the pins is not advanced following the appli
cation- of a pin to the last ticket of the series.
Consequently, when the printing of a new set
of tickets is initiated, a pin will not be advanced
to the attaching station at a time when no ticket
' has arrived at that station. When the first print
25 ed ticket of the new series reaches the station, the
40
45
50
55
60
65
' Fig. 19 is a similar view showing certain of the
parts in their operative positions;
rangement of the feed ?nger and related‘ parts; 20
and
Fig. 23 is a detail view showing the feeding
pawl arranged to feed short tickets.
Referring to. the accompanying drawings,
which illustrate a machine exemplifying the 25
strip has again advanced one step to bring a pin principles of this invention, the numeral I desig
into proper position” for attaching the ?rst _ nates a frame having a suitable base 2 with an
printed ticket of the new set. Thus jamming of upright skeletonized wall portion 3 adjoining the
unused pins in the attaching mechanism is front of the machine. The frame also includes a
avoided and unnecessary wasting of pins is table-like upper plate 4 having certain parts cut
away for purposes which will be described. In
eliminated.
'
Cooperating with this arrangement is the practice the machine is provided with a remov
general arrangement of the mechanism so that able rear wall portion 5, and certain detachable
while one ticket is passing through the printing covering plates (not shown) which may be dis
cycle, the preceding ticket is being attached to posed between the base 2 and the table portion 4.
A machine of this character is provided with a
the article of apparel or the like. Thus, ample
time is provided for the operator to dispose and ,driving motor H! which may be constantly op
adjust a garment or the like in a position to have erating when the machine is in use. Worm gear
ing, driven by the motor, may be effective through
a printed ticket attached thereto while the print
a one-revolution clutch mechanism I‘! in driving
ing operations are being performed on the suc
the main shaft l8. The worm gearing is disposed
ceeding ticket.
Further advantageous features of the invention in a casing l5 which also aids in supporting
relate to the provision of the cam and linkage table 4. The clutch mechanism I1 is similar to
arrangements and the structural and mechanical that disclosed and described in my copending
application Serial No. 565,466 and includes a
details which permit a simple, compact, and de
pawl l9 which may be effective in causing ‘the
pendable mechanism of this character to be Pro
notched wheel 20 to drive the disk 2| on the end
vided, despite the multiplicity of movements im
of shaft l8 whenever control block 22 is moved
parted to the ticket as it passes through the ma
rearwardly out of the path of. the pawl. For this
chine.
'
purpose a plate 23, located at the front of the
In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is a side elevation of the machine, with machine and connected to the control block 22
by a slidable rod 24, may be pressed inwardly to
certain of its cover plates removed;
Fig. 2 is a plan view of the machine with a move the block momentarily out of the path of
portion of the printing mechanism removed and the pawl. Thereupon the member 23 may be re
leased by the operator so that block 22 returns
certain parts broken away;
'
Fig. 3 is a section indicated by line 3--3 of to its normal position and is e?ective in stopping
the pawl I9 and disengaging the latter from the
Fig. 1;
.
i
Fig. 4 is an elevational detail, parts being wheel 20 at the conclusion of one revolution of the
broken away and shown in section, showing a shaft. The details of such a clutch mechanism
portion of the feeding mechanism and related ‘are fully disclosed in my copending application
parts;
Serial No. 565,466.
The shaft i3 is provided with a cam disk 30
Fig. 5 is a section on line 5-5 of Fig. 4;
disposed in front of the housing for the worm
Fig. 6 is a section on line 6-6 of Fig. 2;
gear assembly. Referring to Figs. 6 and '7, it is
Fig.7 is a section on line 1--1 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 8 is a section indicated by line 8-8 of evident that the disk 30 is of irregular contour
Fig. 3;
Y
Y
.
‘Fig. 9 is a plan view of a corner of the ma
chine with the printing wheel removed and show
ing the ticket feeding mechanism in one of its
70 positions;
Figs. 10, 11 and 12 show portions of the print‘
ing mechanism and ticket feeding and support
ing means in various relative positions which they
occupy in succeeding portions of the cycle;
Fig. 13 is a diagrammatic view showing the
75
15
30
40
45
50
55
60
65
and that its periphery engages a follower 31 on
the end of an arm 32 pivoted to a bracket that is
fixed on the base 2 of the machine. A tension
spring 33 normally tends to pull the arm 32 and
follower 3| upwardly, thus holding the latter in 70
yieldable engagement with the edge of the cam
disk. The arm 32 is part of a bell crank assembly
that includes the upwardly-extending arm 35
which is connected by a short link 36 to ears 38
depending from a block 39 which is ?xed on a rod 76
I
3.
,,
greener
at that vis‘i-‘slidable m a ‘housing-‘3d ?xed to the 1 4 of the machine. A cutting plate 85 is secured to
the block 82 ‘and provides an inwardly extending
table portion 4 of‘vthe frame; see Fig. 6.
As shown in Figs. '2 and 6; ‘an extension 4d blade portion ‘Ill which registers with the slot
‘of the block 419 projects between two pamllel provided between the front edge of the table it
guide'bars 42 and '431at one side-of housing 36 and the platen plate‘ 9i. Thus as the cam ‘It’.
and carries a bracket ‘pi'votally supporting feed is rotated',.it is'eifective through the cam groove
ing pawl lit. A coil torsion spring lib normally I16, follower TL‘members ‘Iii and 80 in causing the
urges the front end of the pawl downwardly, this cutting blade ‘I0 to move downwardly into the
portionof the pawl being provided with a pointed i slot,‘ thus to sever a ticket T from the strip S.
it) feed finger or prong ‘dd; As shown .‘in Figs. 4 Y
After a‘ ticket has thus ‘been severed, it is it)
and 23, the pawl is provided with a pair of notch; ‘ disposed beyond the end of the track 59) and
es which permit its adjustment relativeto the is located in a track St) on the plate hi, this track
stud fit so that theprong d9 may be disposed 9f!‘ being provided with grooved portions which
nearer the front of the machine, 1. e.,‘farther may be aligned with the guide rails iii and '62
away from the stud, when a long ticket is to be. of the track 60 (Fig. 2). Disposed over the rear
fed, or may be disposed closer to the stud when part of the track 9b is a small guide member tit
which prevents the ticket from bulging upwardly
a short ticket is to be feel.
The tickets may conveniently" be received from and holds it in engagement with the bottom of
a strip S which is arranged to provides. coil in the track.
The platen plate ti is-transversely recipro 20
a magazine 5t‘ (Fig. i) at the top of the machine
in the manner alreadydescribed in my copending cated by a swinging bracket assembly iilll (Figs.
application Serial No: 565,466. From the coil, 3 and 6), which is pivotally mounted on the lower
the strip S extends between the inner and outer - part of the frame. The assembly Illil comprises
an inwardly extending arm IUI, indicated in
sheet metal guide ribbons ‘52 and 53 to a po
sition above the table G, the metal ribbon or dotted lines in Fig. 8, and having a follower roll
strip 52 extending to a position beside the hous-‘ "it engaging the cam groove IM upon the back
ing M (Fig. 2).‘ Thus when'the prong 439 moves of the cam member ‘iii, this cam groove also being
toward the rear of the machine, it engages the shown in dottediines in Fig. 3.
A suitable supporting block tilt is arranged to
front edge of the strip
with a cam-like ac
provide a guide for the platen plate iii (Fig. 1i)
tion and moves out of engagement with the tick
et strip. When the prong moves toward the front so that the latter may have a transverse move
of the machine, it slides over the strip 52 until ment imparted thereto by the cam groove ldlt.
it reaches the edge of the latter, whereupon the The front face of cam member ‘i5 is provided with
spring dd presses the pawl downwardly to engage an outer cam groove Mil (Fig. 3) which deter
the ticket which projects beyond the end of
the metal strip.
'
‘
-
,
'
Preferably a machine of this type may employ
‘ tickets T of the character disclosed in my United
“ States Patent No. 1,912,268. which, as shown in
40
Fig. 15, may be formed of two laminae as by
mines the up-and-down movement of the platen "
plate St. For this purpose the plate assembly
is provided with a follower roll iii engageable in
the groove Md. This groove Mil is provided with
inner and outer portions itlia and Mill”, as par—
ticularly shown in 'Fig. 8. The inner portion
folding the intermediate portion of a sheet back . of the groove provides four throws so that four~
up-and-down movements of the platen plate may
upon itself and securing the folded portions to
result‘from one revolution of the main shaft
gether, one‘ of the sheet portions having an open
when the follower‘ I“ is in this part of the groove.
ing to provide a recess R in the ticket. The feed
The outer part Hill" of the groove has two throws
ing prong dd may engage these recesses in‘suc
cessive ticket sections and may move the same so that only two up-and-down movements of the
forwardly in response to the forward movements platen plate occur when the roller is, engaging this
‘
imparted to the member 39 and the rod 3‘! by outer part of the groove.v
the bell crank 32-45. ‘
v
‘
.
A guide track 68 (Figs. 2 and "1‘) is provide
with a cross member 56 which extends over the
To permit ready movement of the follower
from one to the other of these groove portions.
it-is disposed on the end of a slidable cylindrical
member 52 to hold the latter in position above
the table t. This track comprises a lower plate
support I48 carried by member HE! and having a
depending stud I49 engaging the slotted end of
upon which thetickets or ticket strip may slide
and side members 6! and 62 which have small
with the block IIO (Fig. 1'7). The‘ opposite end
rabbets therein to receive the edges ofthe-ticket.
A spring of resilient‘ sheet metal, designated by
numeral 65, is secured to the front end of track~
member 62 and is arranged so that its forward
(30 extremity niay press downwardly on the ticket
strip adjoining a. cutter ‘ID, the latter being ar
ranged to cooperate with "a slot between the
front of the table 4, and the adjoining edge of
the platen plate _9I to afford a shearing action. '
A cam 15 is'?xed to the main shaft I8 adjoin
ing the cutter. being provided with cam por
tions upon ‘each of its faces.- Referring to Fig. 3,
it is evident that the cam member ‘I5 is provided
with an inner cam groove 16 in which. a follower
roller 11 is received. This roller is mounted on a
swinging bracket 18,. to the intermediate part of
’ ‘ which a link ?ll-is'articulated.
The upper end'
an arm I56 which has a pivotal connection I 5!
of arm I50 is also slotted and receives the down
bent end I56 of a control rod £51 that is con
nected to a control knob I60 (Fig. 2)‘ projecting ’
upwardly from the table It. Thus when the knob
I 60 is moved rearwardly, the roller MI may en 60
gage-the groove portion “lib, while when the
knob is moved forwardly, the roller may engage
the cam portion I40“, it being evident that a. slot
I6I limits the path of movement of the control
knob I60, and that in the position in which the
parts ordinarily stop, as determined by the one- t1
revolution clutch mechanism, the follower MI
may move from one portion of the cam groove
to the other, since in this position these portions
have similar cross ‘sections and in effect‘ form Y
one deep groove. A spring-pressed ball‘ I53 may
normally engage one of two recesses, I54 in the _
upper surface of ‘arm I50,"thus tending to hold
82 (Figs. 1 and 2) 'which‘is‘pivoted on a fixed ' the arm, the rod I51 and knob I60 in one or the
75 bracket 83 secured to the corner of table portion other or the two selected positions so that the 75
of the link 80 is plvotally connected to a. block
4
2,180,941
follower l4l is de?nitely located either in the cam
groove portion “8' or I48".
The front end of rod 31 is provided with a
bly is provided with a sliding carriage 221 hav
ing a control knob 228 which is operatively con- '
nectable with the wheel registering with the, end
stirrup portion “5 (Fig. 2) having a transverse _ of the pointer so that that wheel may be rotated
(11 slot H8 receiving a pin ll'i upon the swinging
to the desired. adjustedposition and the corre
feed ?nger H8 which is pivotally connected to
sponding printing wheel simultaneously adjusted.
an arm H9 extending from the right-hand end
vSuitable locking and releasing controls to fa
cilitate longitudinal movement and adjustment
of the platen plate 8|. The ?nger H8 has a for
wardly curved or_ inclined end portion I28 which
slides over plate 9|, and it has a part engaging
an arcuate guide groove I21 formed in a ‘part of
The ?nger “8 has a
' the platen plate (Fig. 22).
composite movement which results from the re
ciprocatory movement of the rod 31 and stirrup
' H5 and from the transverse reciprocating move
ment of the platen plate 9i. Thus after a ticket
has been severed, the member “8, as will be
more fully explained, may be effective in ad
vancing the ticket to successive printing posi
no tions on the platen plate as the latter is recipro
cating transversely and may ?nally advance a
ticket from the last printing position to the at
taching station.
The platen plate 9| is provided with similar
inset inking pads I18 which are disposed on op
' posite sides of the track assembly 88. Above this
of the carriage are provided at the left-hand end .
of the assembly 288. These parts are similar 10
to those shown in my prior application Serial
No. 695,116 and include a lower ?nger lever 238
which‘may be actuated to control ratchet mech
anism effecting a step-like movement of the car
riage to bring the wheels successively into oper 15
ative connection with the control member 228,
while the upper finger lever 23f, when depressed,
releases the ratchet mechanism to permit the
free sliding movement of the carriage when it is
desired to move the same readily to engage a 20
wheel remote from the previously engaged wheel
so that the newly engaged wheel may be
adjusted.
It is evident that each time that the platen
plate moves upwardly, it may press a ticket
against one or the other of the printing portions
of the assembly 288 which are provided respec
assembly, designated in general by numeral 288. ' tively by the wheels 224 or‘ 225. Thus when the
This assembly has a pivotal connection 2M (Fig. platen plate is in a position ‘so that the track
3) with a bracket 202 secured to the frame of the portions 88 and 98 are in alignment, 1. e., the
machine. A suitable ear 283 (Fig. 1) projects ticket to be printed is an_alignment with the ticket
from the opposite end of the assembly 288 to ' strip, the ticket may move upwardly to‘ engage
engage a ?xed portion of the machine, normally the wheels 224, as illustrated, for example, in_
portion of the platen plate is the printing wheel
being held by a spring 284 and retaining nut 285
1: in in engagement with a cam plate 206.
Thus the
ear engages the cam plate to limit the downward
movement of the free end of the assembly 288
so that the latter will not rest upon the platen‘
plate when the latter is in its normal position,
40 i. e., when the track portions 88 and 98 are co
Fig. 12. If the platen plate 9| has reciprocated
to the other end of its path, it may move up- '
wardly so that the ticket engages the wheels
22!, as shown in Fig. 10. When the follower I4!
is engaging the cam groove portion l4l|b so that
the platen plate moves upwardly four times during
one cycle, i. e., during one revolution of the main 40
planar. When the printing wheel assembly . shaft I8, the ticket may ?rst engage the wheels
occupies this position, it has a slight inclination 225. The platen plate may then be lowered and
upwardly toward the left side of the machine, as the finger H8 advances the ticket slightly so that
seen, for example, in Figs. 3 and 10.
the ticket is positioned to permit the printing of
The printing wheel assembly itself may be of a succeeding line of indicia by the wheels 224.
the type disclosed and claimed in my United The platen may then return to the right-hand
States Patent No. 1,980,576, issued November 13, end of its path, the ?nger H8 again slightly ad
1934, and provided with certain improvements vancing the ticket so that the ?rst line of printing
disclosed in my 'copending application Serial No. is duplicated by engagement of the ticket with
50 695,116, filed October 25, 1933. Since the details wheels 225. ' Thereafter the platen plate may 50
of an assembly of this character are fully de
return to its original position, while the ?nger I I8
scribed in the above-identi?ed patent and appli
again slightly advances the ticket so that the sec
cation} which are [included herein by reference, 0nd line of printing may be duplicated during
the description of these details will not be the fourth printing operation when the ticket
repeated herein.
again engages the, wheels 224. Thereafter the
However, for purposes of understanding the platen plate remains in‘ its normal position, while
present invention, it may be pointed out that the the ?nger I I8 advances to the position shown in
assembly includes an outer, generally cylindrical Fig.9 to feed the ticket to the attaching station.
casing 2H1 having an opening 2 li therein with a'
In general the attaching mechanism may be
transparent closure 2I2 of cellulosic material‘ similar to that disclosed in my prior above-identi 60
(Fig. 16) .
Disposed within this part of the cas
ing are two sets of indicating wheels 2“ and 2l5
(Fig. 3). The end of the assembly above the
inking pads is provided with corresponding sets
of printing wheels 224 and 225. The correspond
ing printing wheels and indicating wheels may
be interconnected by mechanism of the charac
ter fully disclosed in the above-identi?ed appli
cation and patent, so that, when a selected indi~
cating wheel is moved into a position wherein a
desired character registers with the upper end
of a pointer bar 226. (Fig. 16), the corresponding
character upon the corresponding printing wheel
is disposed in a printing position, i. e., in the
lowermost position upon the wheel. The assem
?ed application Serial No. 565,466. In the man
ner more fully disclosed in that application, the
pins are mounted on a paper strip M which pro
vides a coil received in the right-hand side of
magazine 50 and has a run extending downwardly 0/1
in the curved channel-like chute 308 shown in
Fig. 1. The strip M preferably is weakened along
a. central longitudinal line and thus is substantial
ly folded as it passes between the converging
edges of guiding means 386 (Fig. 19). From the
attaching station where successive pins are re
moved from the strip, the folded strip extends
to the bite of rollers 30'! and 388, one of which is
provided with a notched wheel 309 to be’actu
ated by the pin-inserting mechanism so that each
2,130,941
15'
.
time that a pin is inserted the strip is drawn
the left, the latter being effective through con
forward one' step corresponding to the spacing
vnection 36l in swinging the beak 312 downwardly ‘
between successive pins.
to the position shown in Fig. 19. When the pin
321 approaches the right-hand end of its path,
The severed and printed ticket as it moves for
£11 wardly out of the track 90 passes into a guide 3| I
(Fig. 2)' and moves to a position beneath a down
it moves the bar 365 in the same direction, thus
being effective to swing the beak to its retracted
wardly extending beak 3l2 and above the point
position.
of an upwardly curved cu'sp 303, the inner longi
.
-
.
‘
The normal operation of the attaching mecha
nism results from the oscillating movement of
the pin 321 and the vertical movement of the 10
tudinal edge of the ticket being yieldably urged
against a ?xed shoulder 3l6 by a spring-pressed
member 3 [4 which engages its opposite longitudi
3l2 is an upwardly movable anvil 320 having a
anvil 320 to the attaching station. Thus during
each cycle of the machine the .pin 321 moves to
ward the attaching station, ‘while the anvil 320
nal ‘edge. ~ Below the member 3“ and the beak
spring-pressed plunger 32! and which is grooved
also moves toward the station. As the movement
to guide a pin as it is being inserted. in material
of the pin is started, the bars 355. and 365 also 15
disposed on the anvil.
move in the same direction, the latter being cf
'
The main shaft I8 is provided with a cam 325
which has grooves upon its front and rear faces,
ject into the recess R of the ticket to spread the
the rear groove engaging a follower upon a bell
plies of the ticket.
crank 326 providing an upwardly extending arm
330 which has a pin 321 extending through a ver—
tical slot 328 in a plunger ‘rod 329 (Figs. 16 and
In the meantime the anvil 320 has moved up 20
wardly to bend the ticket to the shape shown in
fective in causing the point of beak3l2 to pro- '
'
Fig. 19, whereupon the rod 340 engages the head
of a pin so that its point passes through the bent
ticket and below the lower surface thereof to pass
into the sheet article A or the like, then again 25
is positioned in alignment therewith.
v
The front of cam 325 is provided with a cam .passing through the article and through the
18). A wire plunger 340 extendsfrom this rod
and is movable to engage the head of a pin which
groove engaging a follower 332 (Fig. 16) on the _
ticket, its point being then guided by the beak
end of an arm 333 which is pivoted at 339 to a
?xed bracket. The opposite end of the arm 333
is connected by a coiled tension spring 34! to the
into the space between the plies of the ticket so
that the point becomes embedded ‘within the
ticket.
30
As the pin 321 starts to move away ‘from the at
end of an arm 343, the intermediate part of which
is pivoted to the arm 333 between the follower ‘ taching station, the anvil 320 moves downwardly
332 and its pivotal connection 339. The outer and as the pin 321 approaches the end of its path, '
it engages the bar 365 to cause the retraction of
end of arm 343 is pivotally connected to the ver
beak 3l2, whereupon the ticket is released to be 35
tically movable anvil 320 which reciprocates ver
tically in the boss'344 at the front of the machine. withdrawn with the sheet article A. During this
The top of the anvil is provided with a groove into same part of the. cycle, the pin 321 is also effec
which the pin may move as it is being advanced tive in moving the bar 355 toward. the ratchet
wheel 309, the pawl 364 thereupon being effective
by the plunger 340.
The plunger rod 329 reciprocates between the
front and rear walls of a guide plate assembly 350
(Fig. 20), the rear wall of this assembly being cut
away to provide a slot 352 (Figs. 20 and 21)
through which the pin 321 extends.v Held against
the back of this wall of the assembly by an angle
35!! and a sliding member 365 is a sliding bar 355
which is also provided with a slot 362 through
which the pin 321 extends, the slot 362 being,
however, of less length than the throw of’ pin
321 so that as the 'pin approaches the right-hand
end of its path, as viewed in Fig. 20, the bar 355
also is moved slightly toward the right, the ten
sion spring 358 normally holding the bar out of
this position. At‘ the left-hand end of the bar
355 a slot 360 is provided to receive a pin 36!
secured to the beak 3l2. A suitable spring-con
trolled pawl 364 is connected to the end of bar‘
355 and may engage the teeth of ratchet wheel
30!], so that, during each reciprocation of the
bar in response to a movement of pin 321, the
wheel is rotated through an angular distance cor
responding to one of its teeth, thus causing the
folded strip M to be drawn away from the at
taching station by a stepped movement corre-.
sponding to the spacing between successive pins.
The bar365 is slidably mounted behind the bar
355 and is connected by a tension spring 366 with
a ?xed part of the. machine. The bar 365 is pro- a... ~
vided \m'th a slot 361 to accommodate the pin
70 321. This slot, however, is dimensioned so that
each time the pin approaches the end of its path,
it engages the end of the slot and moves the bar
75
365 to the right. as viewed in Fig. 20. When the
actuator pin 321 moves toward the left as viewed
in Fig. 20, the spring 366 moves bar 365 toward
in moving the corresponding roller 308 one step, 40
.~so that the strip M is drawn forward to bring
another pin into alignment with the plunger
340.
'
-
Means are provided so that the printing
mechanism may temporarily be rendered in 45
effective and so that the means for driving the
rollers 301 and 308 may be temporarily inter-'
rupted when it is desired to stop printing one lot
of tickets and start printing another lot. The
cam plate 206 is effective for this purpose, this
plate being pivotally mounted on a vertical stud
201 upon which the nut 205 is screwed. Member
206 is provided with recesses 2l3 in which cam
like protuberances 208 on the car 203 of the
printing assembly 200 are normally received, the
spring 204 tending to hold these parts in engage
ment.
>
‘
In its normal position the cam plate 206 does
not affect the operation of the machine. How
ever, it may be swung to the position indicated
in dotted linesin Fig. 2 and shown in Fig. 20 to
block the path of the bar 355. When the plate
is swung to this position, it also lifts the printing
' end of the printing assembly 200 slightly above
the normal position, as shown in Fig. 4, so that 65
the pads I10 do not engage the printing wheels
when the assembly is tilted upwardly to this
position.
.
,
-
'
Extending rearwardly from the casing of the
assembly 200 is an arm 216 which provides a hori
70
zontal ?ange 2l1 engageable with a pin 2l8 pro
jecting from the side of feed pawl 46. Thus, as
shown in‘ Fig. 4, when the cam plate 206 is in a.
position to block the sliding rod 355. the ?ange
2" is effective in holding the pawl 46 in aposi- 7.5
2,136,941
6
As previously described, the cutter is actuated
cess in the ticket strip. Accordingly feeding of by the inner cam groove at the front of cam ‘I5,
which is‘ effective through swinging bracket ‘I8
the tickets in this portion of the machine is in
terrupted, the engagement of a ticket with the and link 80 in swinging the cutter downwardly
printing wheels or engagement of the platen into the slot between the front of table 4 and the
with the same is also prevented, and the strip M platen 3I, the latter remaining stationary during
is not being withdrawn by the rollers 301 and this cutting‘ operation.
As the‘severing movement of the cutter ‘I0 is
308. However, the feed ?nger H8 can continue
continued, the pawl 46 starts moving rearwardly
its’ movement so that a printed ticket may be ad
tion so that the prong 49 does not engage a re~
10 vanced to the attaching station and the pin 32‘!
is still effective in actuating the plunger rod 329
and the plunger 340 so that a pin, which has al
ready moved into a position in alignment with
the plunger, may be forced into the last ticket
15 of the series.
Thereupon’the printing mechanism may be
adjusted to print a new lot of tickets and the
cam plate 20E'be returned to its normal position.
This permits the pawl 46 to resume its ‘normal
20 position and the printing assembly to return to
its normal position. Accordingly the pawl may
be effective in feeding a ticket to the cutter ‘I0
and the printing mechanism may then print the
ticket. At this time, however, there is no ticket
25 in the vicinity of the attaching station; the
plunger 340, however, is reciprocated, but it does
not engage a pin, since the strip M was not ad
and this vmovement is continued as the platen
plate 9| starts to move transversely out of its
normal position, i. e., out of the position wherein
the tracks 60 and 90 are in alignment, thus mov
ing the severed ticket beneath wheels 225. This
transverse movement of the platen plate is deter 15
mined by the cam groove I04 at the back of cam
‘I5, this cam groove being effective through arms
IM and I00 in causing the sliding movement of
the platen plate on the guide block “0; see Figs.
10, 11 and 12. At the end of its transverse path 20
the platen plate'may be swung upwardly by ‘one
of the throws on cam groove I40, which acts
through follower MI and member H0 in lifting
the platen plate so that the ticket is pressed up
wardly into engagement with the printing wheels
225, i. e., the right-hand set of printing wheels
as shown in Fig. 10.
It is. evident that the in‘clinedposition of the
vanced during the preceding cycle, and there is
no liability of a free pin becoming jammed in the I printing assembly permits the movement of the
ticket in a direction which is substantially nor
30 mechanism and the wasting of a pin is avoided. mal to the planes of the surfaces of the printing 30
As this ?rst cycle of the new series ends, how
ever, the rollers .301 and 308 are again actuated
to draw the pin strip M forwardly one step, so
that, at the end of the ?rst cycle, another pin is
35 disposed in proper position to be pushed by the
plunger 340 during the second cycle when the
?rst printed ticket of the new series reaches the
attaching station.
-
When a machine of this character is being
40 used, the motor I0 may be constantly operating
so that the notched wheel 20 is constantly being
driven. The operator of the'machine may dis
pose an article such as a garment ‘over the upper
end of anvil 320 and may simultaneously push
the control plate 23 inwardly for a moment.
This is effective in moving the control block 22
out of engagement with the pawl I9 so that the
elements on the wheels, as shown in Fig. 10. As
this ?rst printing operationoccurs, the pad I10
at the outer end of the plate-1 block engages the
printing wheels 224 to ink the same.
Following this ?rst printing operation, the
platen moves downwardly and then transversely
as determined by the cam grooves I40 and I04,
respectively, so that it returns to its original po
sition. During this transverse movement, the 40
feed ?nger II8, which is actuated by rod 31,
moves forwardly so that the ticket which is being
printed is advanced for a distance correspond
ing to the spacing of the lines of printing. When
the platen reaches its normal position, the cam
groove I40 may again cause the platen to move
upwardly‘ so that the ticket engages the printing
wheels 224, as shown in Fig. 12, thus performing
latter engages notched wheel 20, i. e., clutch I1
is engaged, and the disk 2I and main shaft I8 the second printing operation. While this is be
ing done, the wheels 225 are being inked by the
start rotating. As soon as the plate 23 is re
leased, the block 22 moves back into the path pad I I10 at the right of the guide track 90.
Following this, the platen 9| may again move
of the pawl so that the main shaft is stopped as
soon as one revolution is completed. In other, transversely while the feeding ?nger 2I8 again
words, the momentary pressure which pushes the advances the ticket slightly so that a blank por
tion thereof may be positioned for the printing
55 plate. 23 rearwardly causes the main shaft to ro
of another line of indicia, which will duplicate
tate through one revolution.
When the cycle of operations starts, the prong the first line. Thereupon the platen may again
43 of pawl 46 may be disposed slightly behind a be swung upwardly to the position illustrated in
Fig. 10, wherein the printing wheels 225 are ef~
recess R in one of the ticket sections, for exam
ple, in the position shown in Fig. 2. As the cycle
starts, the cam disk 30 is positioned to actuate
the follower 3| which is operative through the
arms 32 and 35 in causing the rod 31 to move
forwardly, thus moving the pawl 46 forwardly,
65 the end of this pawl being pressed downwardly
by the torsion spring 45. The prong 49 accord
ingly engages the recess Rv in the ticket section
which adjoins the end of the metal ribbon 53.
As the forward movement of the bar continues,
a ticket section which is directly ahead of the sec
tion being engaged by prong 43 passes beneath
the cutter ‘III. The cam disk 30 is shaped so that
the rod 31 and pawl 46 hesitate at the forward
ends of their paths while the cutter ‘I0 ‘starts
severing the first ticket section from the strip.
fective in making‘ another impression and the 00
wheels 224 are again being inked.
After the platen‘ moves downwardly following
this operation, it is again moved transversely
and the feed ?nger 2I8 again advances the ticket
slightly, whereupon the platen, upon reaching (i5
its normal position, may again move upwardly
so that the fourth printing operation is effected
by engaging the ticket with the printing wheels
224-, and the wheels 225 are simultaneously inked
by the pad “at the right of the guide track.
70
When the ticket has moved this far, the one
revolution clutch mechanism I‘! normally dis
engages, leaving the printed ticket in the track
90. , When the plate 23 is again actuated, the
advance movement of rod 31, which causes the 75
2,186,941
pawl 46 to move a ticket section forwardly to
the cutter, also causes a very substantial forward
movement of the feed ?nger H8 to feed the
ticket to the attaching station (Fig. 9). The
feed ?nger I I8 is retracted'while the next ticket
section is being severed and while the ?rst print
ing operation occurs. so that the ?nger is posi
tioned to engage the rear end of the ticket which
has just received the ?rst impression as the
10 platen returns to its normal position following
the ?rst printing operation.
Fig. 13 particularly illustrates the path and
dotted lines in Fig. 2, so that the feeding pawl
46 is rendered inoperative, the printing assembly
200 is disposed in a position where it is out of
the path of the platen, and the rollers 30'! and
308 are not effective in drawing the strip M for
wardly.
The plunger 340, however, operates
during the last cycle to cause a pin to engage
the last printed ticket which has been advanced
by the long forward movement of ?nger 2I8 to
the attaching station.
Various positions of a ticket as it passes through
"
10
Following this operation, the relative position
of the printing wheels may be adjusted by the
knob 228 until the desired combination of indicia
the printing cycle in the manner just described, > is aligned with the end of pointer 226, and the
the
heavy arrows indicating the'paths of the cam plate 206 may be returned to normal posi
15
tion. 'Thereupon another cycle may be started
center of the ticket,‘ and various vdotted line po
by
pressing the plate 23 inwardly. During this
sitions of the feed ?nger -I [8 being shown‘when
?rst cycle of the new series, there is no ticket
this ?nger is at the beginningof one of its ad
vance movements. While in Fig. ‘13 the ticket ’ in the attaching station and there is no reason
for disposing an article in a position to receive
20 path is illustrated as including‘ straight-line, di
agonal portions, it is evident that in practice the a tag. The foremost‘ ticket section, however, is
ticket may move slightly in a transverse direction severed and moved to printing position and
printed during this cycle, while the strip M is
before the cam controlling feed ?nger ll8 actu
again drawn forwardly to bring another pin into
ates the latter to cause an advance movement.
alignment with the plunger 340 so that when the
25 It‘ is evident that at each of the positions of the second cycle is to be effected, a garment or the
ticket illustrated in‘ Fig. 13, except'the view shown
in full lines at the upper left-hand portion of that like may be disposed over the anvil 320 as the
?gure, the ticket is in a printing position. In plate 23 is pressed inwardly and the ?rst printed
ticket of the new series may be advanced to the
other words, at the end of each transverse path attaching
station by the long forward movement 30 the ticket is moved upwardly and printed.
of ?nger I I8. The operation of the machine dur
While one ticket is being subjected to succes
sive printing operations in the manner already ing this second cycle may thus proceed in the
.
described, the preceding ticket, which has been normal manner.
It is evident that this invention permits the
fed to the attaching station by the substantial employment
of a printing wheel assembly hav
forward movement'of the feed ?nger, receives
ing
two
sets
of
printing wheels which may readily
the fastening pin in the manner described in
connection with the operation of the pinning be adjusted and that the ticket is moved to a
plurality of printing positions to engage these
mechanism. When the anvil 320 moves down
wardly while the printing portion of the cycle two sets of wheels, although the ticket itself may 40
be small in size and the printing assembly may
40 for the succeeding ticket is taking place, the gar
ment or the like with the ticket pinned thereto be relatively bulky. Furthermore, this arrange
may be removed from the-machine.
When it is desired to have the machine print
only twice, the control knob I60 is moved to its
45 rearmost position so that the member [56 is
swung to pull the cam follower “I out of the
portion “0a of the cam groove I40 (Fig. 8)
into the portion I401) which has only two throws.
When the parts are in this position and the plate
23 is ‘pushed inwardly to cause engagement of
the clutch H, the parts may follow the same gen
eral cycle as has been described, with the excep
tion of the fact that the platen plate Si is not
moved upwardly following .two of its transverse
movements. I Thus, for example, the plate may
not move upwardly the ?rst time’ the ticket is
.disposed underthe printing wheels 225 or the
?rst time that the ticket has returned to, a posi
tion under the printing wheels 221.
60
When the ticket is again returned to a posi
tion under the wheels 225, the ?rst printing op
eration may ‘be effected at a portion of the cycle
corresponding to the third printing operation
previously described. When the ticket is‘again
65 returned to a position in alignment with the
track 60, a second printing operation may be per
formed during the part of the cycle corresponding
to the fourth operation previously described.
As previously‘ explained, when it is desired to
start printing different indicia, special means is
prepared to take care of the last ticket of the
series which has been printed. This last printed
ticket is disposed on the track 90 at the end'of
the cycle.- Before the ?nal cycle, the cam plate
75 206 is then swung to the position indicated in
' ment permits the duplicate printing by each of
the sets of wheels. During the printing portion
of the cycle there is a relative transverse move
ment between the printing mechanism and the 45
ticket between successive impressions. Thus the
ticket in general may be regarded as following a
zigzag path. It is furthermore evident .hat the
mechanism may be readily adjusted to print only
twice, i. e., to print two lines without duplica 50
tion, and that the mechanism may feed and
print short tickets. Furthermore, the machine
operates so that ample time is afforded: fo" the
operator to locate an article in proper position
for the attachment of the ticketand topermit '
the attachment of the ticket to the article while
the succeeding ticket is subjected to the print
ing operation. In fact, the pinning__.cperation
may be completed well before the end of the
cycle so that ample time is given the operator 60
to place a new article over the ‘anvil by the time
the cycle has ?nished. ‘Accordingly the cycles
may be caused to occur in rapid succession. With '_‘
such an arrangement, it, is desirable to have
special means to take care of the last ticket of a 65~
lot having one type of indicia thereon, and for
this purpose the cam plate 206 is effective to
prevent the engagement of the printing wheels'
and platen without a‘ ticket thereon, while the ,
,wasting and possible jamming of an unused” pin
is avoided and the feeding of the ticket strip is in
temporarily interrupted.
The inking of the printing elements on one '7
set' of wheels‘ obviously is effected while the other -7" "J
set of wheels is performing an inking operation,
'
5
8
2,130,941
so that no extra movements or mechanism is
required to ink the printing elements. It is evi
dent that, if desired, the platens I10 may be pro
vided with different colors of ink so that one
line of printing may be in one color and the next
line have a different or contrasting color.
The
pivoted arrangement of the printing assembly
permits it to be swung upwardly when the’nut
205 is removed, thus facilitating cleaning of the
10 printing wheels and access to the platen plate
for cleaning or the like.
It is furthermore evident that the wheels 225
may be adjusted so that blank portions of the
same are disposed over. the platen so that these
wheels will not be eifective'in printing. When
the wheels are set in this manner, the ticket is
advanced under wheels 224, being printed either
once or twice by the same, depending upon the
adjustment of the handle I60, and thereafter be
ing advanced to the attaching station. Accord
ingly under these conditions the ticket may be
fed along the track 60 onto the part of the platen
which is normally aligned’ with the track, being
vprinted due to the upward‘ movement of the
" platen, and then after said part of the platen
has returned to its normal position being ad—
vanced to the attaching station, which is sub
stantially in alignment with the track and said
part of the platen.
30
It should be understood that the present dis
closure is for the purpose of illustration only
and that this invention includes all modi?ca
tions and equivalents which fall within the scope
of the appended claims.
I claim:
1. A machine of the class described comprising
ticket feeding means and including a platen,
printing means including two sets of adjustable
printing wheels arranged so that the wheels of
40 one set are parallel to but out of the planes of
the wheels of the other set, and operating mech
anism for said feeding means arranged to cause
the latter to direct a ticket into engagement with
one of said sets of wheels and then move the
ticket along a generally transverse path and into
engagement with the other set of wheels so that
the two sets of wheels print adjoining portions
path toward the other set of wheels while the
feeding means also operates to impart a com
ponent of movement to advance the ticket along
a path at right angles to said transverse path,
the platen assembly thereafter moving toward
said other set of wheels to cause a second line
to be printed on the ticket.
4. A machine of the class described comprising
ticket feeding means including a movable platen
assembly having a ticket supporting portion, op 10
erating mechanism for said feeding means, print
ing means including two sets of printing wheels
arranged side by side, said platen assembly being
movable toward one of said sets of wheels so that
a line is printed on a ticket by ‘said wheels, the
assembly then being movable away from said
set of wheels and along a transverse path toward
the other set of wheels while the feeding means
also operates to impart a component of move
ment to advance the ticket along a path at right 20'
vangles to said transverse path, the platen as
sembly thereafter moving toward said other set
of wheels to cause a second line to be printed
on the ticket, said assembly having inking pads at
each side of its ticket supporting portion so that 25
one pad is effective to ink one set of wheels while
the assembly moves upwardly to cause printing
by the other set of wheels.
’
5. A machine of the class described comprising
a printing means including two printing por 30
tions arranged side by side, a platen having a
part to support a sheet article and having two
inking pads arranged respectively at opposite
sides of said part, and means to cause movement
of said platen toward the printing portions and 35
between said movements to cause transverse
movementsof the platen so that each printing
portion may be inked by one pad while the article
is being printed by the other printing portion.
6. A machine of the class described compris 40
ing ticket feeding means, printing means having
two printing portions, said feeding means being
operative to move a ticket along a generally zig
zag path between said printing portions, so that
the ticket is first juxtaposed to one printing por 45
tion and then the other printing portion, said
means moving the ticket into engagement with
of the ticket.
said portions when the ticket is moved into juxta
2. A machine of the class described comprising ' position thereto, whereby the printing portions
ticket feeding means and including a platen,
printing means including two sets of adjustable
printing wheels arranged so that the wheels of
the ?rst set are parallel to but out of the planes
of the wheels of the second set, and operating
mechanism for said feeding means to cause the
latter to direct a ticket into engagement with
the ?rst set of wheels, to cause the feeding means
then to direct the ticket along a generally trans
verse path into juxtaposition to the second set
of wheels while imparting a component of move
ment to the ticket parallel to its first path, and
thereupon to cause said means to move the ticket
into engagement with said second set of wheels,
whereby the two sets of wheels respectively print
successive lines upon the ticket.
,
3. A machine of the class described comprising
ticket feeding means including a movable platen
assembly having a ticket supporting portion, op
erating mechanism for said feeding means,
printing means including two sets of printing
wheels arranged side by side, said platen as
sembly being movable toward one of said sets of
may alternately print the ticket, and operating 50
mechanism to cause the operation of the ticket
feeding means.
'7. A machine of the class described comprising
ticket feeding means, printing means including a
?rst and a second printing portion in side-by-side 55
relation, said feeding means being operative to
move a ticket into engagement with said ?rst
portion and then to direct the ticket transversely
and into engagement with said second portion,
the feeding means thereafter being operative to 60
direct the ticket transversely and again into en
gagement with said ?rst portion, whereby the
?rst portion may print the ticket twice and the
second portion may at least print the ticket once,
and operating mechanism to cause the operation
of the ticket feeding means.
_
'
8. A machine of the class described comprising
ticket feeding means, printing means including a
first and a second printing portion in side-by
side relation, said feeding means being operative 70
to move a ticket into engagement with said ?rst
said wheels, the assembly then being movable
portion and then to direct the ticket transversely
and into engagement with said second portion,
the feeding‘means thereafter being operative to
away from said set of wheels along a transverse
direct the ticket transversely and again into en
wheels so that a line is printed on a ticket by
75
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