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Патент USA US2136967

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NOV. 15,
File@ F'eb. 24, 1937
:inventors :
J :Do nner W çä/lgyncso’
' Patented Nov. 15, 1938
i smocaarn
Julius Donner and Ferenc Jancsô, Budapest,
Application February 24, 1937, Serial No. 127,543
In Great Britain Februaryßß, 1936
5 claims. (c1. 1204445
This invention relates to improvements in and> short plug of soft rubber or like elastic material,
_relating to stylographs or to writing implements as it is known to do with another type of stylo
graph. If this plug-shaped elastic piece be intro
in which the ink- contained in a holder is con
_veyed to a writing point instead of to a nib. A duced into the mouth of the penholder, the nib
5 common characteristic of such stylographs is a
wiilA give a remarkably soft '_touch upon the ,Writ- . 5
thin metal nozzle projecting from the tapering-- ing surface. This is a very convenient improve
in the use of the pointed stylograph.
end of the holder, from which a thread of ink ment
The- accompanying drawing illustrates by way.
flows out axially while writing. In this thin noz
zle an axially movable thin metal wire is usually of example one embodiment of the improvements
located, by which the ink-conducting section of according to the present invention on a greatly l0
` the nozzle is throttled in order that no more4 ink enlarged
Fig. 1 represents’ the head-piece of the new
'may be emitted at the writing point than is re
in sectional elevation.
quired for writing. As with this arrangement the stylograph
Fig. 2 is a detail view of the writing-nozzle on a
ink can flow out only in the axial direction from `
still more enlarged scale in sectional elevation.
15 the nozzle, -there is the objection that such stylo
graphs can be used' only if writing at a very
steep angle. Holding `the stylograph in such a
manner is unsuited to most hands and is uncom
foi-table _as well as tiresome, at the same time dis
20 torting the usual character of the writing.
There are also stylographs known, that have a
of ‘the holder taken on the line A--A of Fig. 1.
In the oriñce I of the holder a closely fitting
plug 2 of rubber or like material is inserted.- AS
bare rubber offers a resistance to slipping move'- 20
ment, the outer Wall of the plug 2 is covered with
thin layer 3 of varnish or another suitable ma
small knob at the outer end of the thin wire stem a
terial, so as to permit the rubber piece 2. to slide
located inthe small nozzle. This knob, however, . smoothly in and out of the orifice. Thus if the
- is seated on the inside of the orifice of this small
writing point should not Work satisfactorily or if 25
25 nozzle, thus, as with the aforesaid stylograph, per
different writing point is desired, the plug 2
mitting thel outflow of the ink only in an axial a
may easily be removed and replaced by another,
direction, which again. compels the writer to hold
the stylograph at a steep angle.
The stylograph according to the present inven
30 tion differs from the above mentioned stylographs
essentially in that in front of the orifice of the
nozzle and overlapping it a small knob is located,
so that the ink cannot issue from the tube other
wise than below the knob in a lateral direction
35 radial to the axis of the nozzle. The small knob
"may be mushroom-shaped and be seated on a
thin and elastic` wire stem ñxed in the body -of
the holder and passing through the aforesaid noz
zle. As `the stem of the small knob is thinner
than the inner diameter ofthe ink-conveying
nozzle in which the stem is located, the knob, when
the stylograph is `applied to the writing surface’,
will shift to the opposite> side of the _small noz
zie, leaving a narrow yet sufficiently large slot
between itself and the edge of the small nozzle,
and through -this slot* the ink required lfor writing
in the same manner as nibs in old type pen
Along the plug 2 one ormore furrows l .
f holders.
are -cu`t in the rubber piece connecting the ink 30
supply chamber of the holder with the open air.
An ink conduit pipe 5 of rigid material, such as .
hard rubber or the like, is located in the soft plug
2. A small writing nozzle _6 with a thin wire stem
1. inside it, is located in the tapering outer end 35
of- the ink conduit 5, and immovably fixed there
in.` Onthe thinvwire'stem l a small knob 8 is
seated, overlapping the orifice of the nozzle. If ,
the holder is turned downwards, the ink con
veyed from the ink supply chamber of the holder 40
below the writing knob 8 through the conduit pipe
5 and the nozzle G is able to ooze out sideways
from the circular slot 9 formed by the outer edge
of the nozzle _6 and the inner edge of the writingI ,
knob 8. During the writing. process the knob 8, 4.5
applied to the paper- or other writing surface is '
shifted from the centre towards the periphery of
the nozzle, with the result that on the spot where
writing point and writing surface meet ink will
stylographïthe desirable slanting position.
ooze out directly and any layer of _dried ink even- 50
People accustomed to the‘ smooth running of the tually sticking in the slot 9 will be ripped up,a
known type of pen which results from its springi- `
behind to ooze out freely.
ness due to its being split into two sections may lpermitting the ink
The oscillating movement of the tiny knob 8
object to the lack of elasticity
shaped nib of thepointed stylograph. To obvlate' while writing actively helps the oozing out of the
will now .out below the knob. Owing to this new
» Way` of ink-outñow, the hand may give to the
55 .this inconvenience the .nozzle can be
located in a
ink in the required amount.
What we claim is:-'
1. A stylograph with a small nozzle on the writ
ing end conveying ink from the ink chamber to
the surface to be written upon, having inside the
nozzle a wire stem provided with a small knob on`
its outer end, the said small knob being seated in
front of the orifice of the nozzle and overlappingA
it, and having an ink conduit pipe,`and a remov
able plug of elastic material fitting closely in the
10 mouth piece of the holder inside which the ink
conduit pipe is mounted, whereby said nozzle is
yieldingly supported for oscillatory movement
while writing.
2. A stylograph according to claim 1, charac
terized in that at least one air-conducting fur
row is cut along the plug.
3. A stylograph according to claim 1, charac
terized in that the outer wall of the rubber plug
is covered with a thin layer of a material per
20 mitting the rubber piece to slide within the mouth
piece of the holder.
4. A stylograph according to claim 1, in which
the plug is retained in the holder solely by the
elasticity of its material.
5. In a stylograph, an ink chamber and a plugA
substantially closing the chamber, a small tube
for supplying the ink from the ink chamber to
the writing surface, a small knob seated in front
of the orifice of the small tube and~ overlapping
the same leaving a narrow but sufliciently large
slot between the knob and the edge of the small
tube for the . outflow of the ink, the writing ink
being adapted to flow out along the small knob
in a lateral direction, a short wire stern arranged
in said tube to which said small knob is fastened
and said plug having channels extending along
the orifice of the writing point through which
the air can pass into the ink chamber of the
writing point, said air replacing the ink used
when writìng.`
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