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Патент USA US2137061

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K, ` N0v.15,1938_.
` `
Y A_QUENNN
PRocEssAND DEVICE TEMBERING _GLASS
Filed Fe'b. 23, 195'?A
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`INVEN-rolî
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Patented Nay. l5.,>
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PROCESS
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DEVICE"Fon,fTEivll’mm?o` ì‘
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`In.tnzatlyluay .23',»1936’1<
t ~' The inventionjconc'erns faßprocessgand’ the de#
vicefrelating thereto, l-forgthe tempering of glass"
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out thereby-1 departing I fromk 'thelpresentinvenf' n
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or othermaterials', " especially in sheets of any'V , " Insaid‘drawings--lff»V
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thickness, sheetsfof thin_g1ass,f-for` preference;r`> y‘-1«_‘lg."1*."shows, schematically. vtheßgzleviceias. a
`5 It is based upon‘theprinciple ofthe shee‘t‘sbev-fi ¿wholei'nla> front View;
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5
ing tempered by ‘ means :of ‘air l‘or other ’gases
' Fig.¢2fshows, separately,.one half of the'oscilI
vapours or mixtures `Ofi‘luids of any description,
latorydevice,l 'in‘ ar front view Sand one. half `in
with absolute immediateness in" respect of their.
longitudinalfsection;
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issue 'from the‘oven or furnaceandwith` a n'ia'xi‘-4 ` V`Fig;- 3'shows-ria plan of 'the said apparatus; ç
10 mum admixture ofair'orjother gasvto'be directed '
in ‘jets against the fprevéheatedi-sheet‘in such a
Fig. 4'is a _cross section online. A‘i-.B ofrlî‘ig.` 2; `10
jFig. 5 shows,‘by itself;»on'e"vof.the¿,crank’shafts
' . manner as not tofstrikev the‘sarnepoint offïsaid > whlchfirripart the ïtranslational{rxrovément tothe I
sheet,
Ventilating
same,
butjrather {to‘forrn . apparatus;V
through the jet itself ant‘ensernbleA of vinte'rloop-ï`
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Fig. 6 shows, also. by«itself, `oneïof'the crank
.-15 ing movementscomprisedïwithin a sort of circle"- l‘shaftswh'ichß irnpartf the rotary motion to' the `115
(Fig. '7) ,
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.¿__.\apparatus,"andr
VThe resultof this methodis the improvement,
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Fig. `'I shows. schematically the motionk takeny . L
through thefconsiderable increase n'thereoffof“all` \ on by‘e‘achslngle nozzle, „viz'. bythe Vcentre of>
the qualities `of‘‘me‘c'zharli'cal _resistance-fflexion‘, î eachfvent` for air or. any fother'fiìuid. J :;.._
'20 torsion, thrust,` etc.--of 'thefglass‘thus treated,
even in ¿thecase of fslight thicknesses, fof plain
"r'tefe'rrin‘g'` 'to-’the»drawings'vandl'particularly -20-
Figure 1,» cfdenotes-zthey sheet `arranged in-Íthe
and'sta'mped VglassorVsuch as ijs granulatedin , furnace-Vaud,supported from'ajcarriagehdi's- ,
relief and characterized b'y thebreaiking up into ‘ -po's'ed on->a'ïrunway, the carriage vb‘ is lmoved ¿to t
25 _minute
„ Essentially,
inoffensiyegranules.
theinvention consists.
~
` ¿ ‘ inythe
.
-`e'n'f ' thethe ‘rightfbyfturning‘
furnace being opened'by
the handlemeans
a; the
of the
door_rf
gearof
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suring, in any manner, that chambers provided ‘ ing dan'd e,-l.tova1low'the`exitlof the sheet, which: ‘
with blasts (or with jaspirators)-„_when"` once in »isjthus--moy'ed' into'positioníbetweenthe blowing»
the .Vicinity of 'thezglass‘or other materialto'be ' frames designated Vgl On` reaching-'the correct
.'tempel‘ed, Shall bècome endued with movements, position, the carriage> b4 closes" an electric> contacty
l30 associated infany manner„withoutìany‘necessity
"
for
shifting Y. the sheet. kbeing
tempered.'y
blasts must be veryï‘òló‘sé together. . .
„
hQwhich starts4V the’¿fanfrrlotorïhil 'throught the 3o
Said
relay 112,»
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" I E'metemosto Figuresz toegthe blowing frames
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' Thel‘eï iS also Íln'ßrvìdëd!v .9» Simple1 apparatus
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VI-"fare carriedïon a" frame work Rgwhichvisgiven,v
-. whose office it> is~ toenable the sheettd emerge l`a',_`clo'uble 'rotaryï’movement hereinafter described.v
36 .from the Ovenorflll‘nace and t0 permit-,thè im- The farífisV immediatelyl started, and> air, or 35
mediate introduction@ Said Sheehbetweenihß other mnd, into-the blast elements, comprising "
. blast-elements whichare wlqiformls?4 distribìlted» ' eitner`ca1~ssons‘providedwithjnozzies ‘facing’ @aan
, `Íßcillg‘lî’ßî’fh Sides, With Vânt’holçs that. are 95ml?
other orïsystems of pipes likewise'rîprovided with
f
181 ‘t0 ithe'. Sheet’ 01'» divers‘îl-V'fplaçed" 91’ with" suitable no'z‘zl'és' fáciuñg‘ e'achf'“`.other§* or '- further. ‘
40 straight or inclinedslots,‘01”with` a Sir1g1¢?s1<`>11ç` apertures -orjslots'tintënded toïdnìect the air or y4o
disposednear the outletfrom the Qvërl çi`=furnâ¢ef other ’gas Hor`> mixture;` `against the" surfacesl of
But one operationïisv-eiîected _fpr‘lthcpurrios'e fthe sheets.1 fÍThese"_blialstsfrmìst.y be` very" closel
Aof‘obtaining the issue `ofthe‘slf1eei_'._.îançl the'conl
'tog‘éfhè'I-¿ff'j t
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‘s veyance thereof to bettiïeëll‘A the; blatt-eleln?nf__s -v _Thesecais'sons or pipeièlementsgproyided, pref
and the Startins of the air or Huid >set mmQfßìQn 1er`ab1y,_i'n either case; withÍ> n‘oztltets‘ior vent-holes 45
by a'ventilator or compressor or-.aspirator as well are carried byîan oscillatory ',ilöparatus ‘accord
as that of the'oscillatory apparatus.
Here, vari- ‘
ous immediately cûnseßlltive _operations are also
50 claimed.
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ing toFigs. 2 to 6,'inc1u`s`ive. '
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In between the blast elements and the sheet
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there are arranged thin -Wires,'preferably steeled, 5o
' The accompanying drawings show-»schemati- y adapted toprevent thesheets fromstrikingagainst
cally ah example of the device, as la. Whole which
' may also differ as to its `mechanical embodiment
`provided that the action .ofthe'greater part» of
55 the elements be simultaneous, or almost so, with-'-
lthe nozzles or perforated caissons, as the faces
of the two blast elements are not very far apart.
The two frames supporting‘the wires are like-`
wise'shiftable so that they maybe brought closer 55
,2 Y’
2,137,061
together as soon as the sheet has penetrated in
‘between the two blasts.
A driving shaft'k, with pulley k' and two
crank shafts vI are carried in bearings y and z,
5 respectively, in the main frame i. The shafts l
are drivenfrom the shaft Ic by gear wheels Ic2
from or nearer tothe sheet. This shifting, even
when continuous, combined with the other
movements of the cooling elements, enables the
varying ofthe intensity of the jet of air or other
fluid. They contribute, furthermore, to the rapid 5
formation of the outer compressed layers, when `
and I4. A framework consisting `of the side bars ì the said blast elements are brought very close to
m and the cross bars `m2 is carried on' the cranks the sheet, in the first instance, in order to in
l’ and lf of the shafts 4Land is thereby given a ` crease the intensity of the~ Jet, immediately upon
n l0 rotary movement. The framework m, m2 carries
the extraction of same. '
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at each end, a shaft n', n’ having; a central crank u It is advisable to dispose a sole blast element
n, which carries the framework r of the blowing" between two ovens or furnaces in such a manner
frames. Each shaft n', n* is rotated4 by the gear as to have the sheets alternatively carried from
wheel o which engages with a pinion l5 on the
16 shaft l. Thereby a second rotary motion is „given
one of the ovens or'furnaces to the cooler and
from this transported- by heaving (raising).
15
to the framework r which is superposed on the
j Having nowï-particularly described and ascer->
rotary motionvgiven to the framework m, m3.~ tained the nature of my said invention and in
In consequence, every point'of the framework rI~` what manner the same is to be performed, I
and the bldwing frames executes a movement of declare that what I claim is:
20 which the path is a hypocycloid. In~ the con
1.»The herein described method of tempering 20
struction shown Ain the . drawings the relation
betweenl the periods and amplitudes is such that
every point on the framework r describes a con
tinuous line ofmovement forming interlooping `
25 ovalflguresthe major axes thereof coinciding
with the radii of a circle describing the-move
ment of the first frame as indicated clearly in
Figure 7. This complex movement allows the jet
not to strike the sheet at the> same point, but' to`
glass or other materials, `Ywhiclfrmethod consists
in directing jets of cooling medium thereon so
that the iets sweep _the surface of theglass Aalong
predetermined paths, each thereof following a
continuous line and forming interlooping oval
l2. The herein described method of tempering
glass or other materials, which method consists
in sweeping the surface of the glass with a series
of jets of cooling l»medium along predetermined
paths, each thereof following a continuous line
jets affords a regular and perfect intermixture
of the air intended to be directed against the
sheet, or to be aspirated bythe latter. In the
35 figure there is represented the line created by
each nozzle, but in point of fact, as the `lines of
the neighbouringnozzles interloop at this point,
the interlooping is ystill more lintricate. Evi
beginning ‘ad ending in the same point and
dently, similar ` movements-_mot ` shown here
40 may be adopted'with'analogous results. ~
„ .
In Fig. 2 it will be seen how the blast ele
ments, ‘preferably constituted `by systems or
groups of pipes, may be arranged upon the shafts
n andconsequently, above the oscillatory appa
l »"45 ratllS, shown-as an example.v
It'should be understood> that the drawingsoon
rstitute'but a schematic lform of example, given
solely'by-way’of a practicalv showing of the in
vention, it'being rpossiblej for said invention `to
50 vary as 'to itsforrnsuand arrangements without,
however, departing from the lscopre of the concept
underlying the invention, which may be totally
or partially utilized as required, or may be re
25
figures the major axes being the radii of a circle.
30 cause, instead, a ymovement of air or other fluid,
in sucha manner that the interlooping of these
forming‘gan` rality of interlooping oval figures
having ,thèià_\major axes coinciding with the
radiinof a cir
.
35
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l3. In an apparatus for tempering glass sheets
andthe like,r the combination of a frame, shafts
having cranks connected to the frame `and ter
minating gear wheels at one of their ends and
with pinion gears at theiropposite ends', further 40
shafts having cranks and being journalled in the
frame at opposite ends thereof, gears atthe same
ends of said `further shafts, meshing with the
pinion gears Aof the ñrst shafts, la series of nozzles
and a nozzlersupporting frame carried on the 45
cranks of the said furtherjshafts, whereby rotary
movement _of the first shafts causes the cranks
thereof to'impart a circular -moveme'nt to the
ñrst fram'e 'and rotary movement of the further
shafts imparts to the nozzle carrying frame a cir
cular movement about the axes of the further ,
shafts, said circular movement of 'the nozzle
carrying frame being modified by the >circular
stricted to the double movement- of the caisson movement of the first frame to cause each of the
nozzles to follow a continuous line ‘lof movement
5'5 only to the crank for rendering the actions simul
forming interlooping oval figures the major axes
'I'his system, serves as already pointed out, thereof -coinciding with the radii of a' circle-de
more especially for the tempering of thin. sheets, scribingthe movement ofthe lfirst frame.
, 4:.> An apparatus for tempering glass, as claimed
viz. of those .whose `thickness‘measures less ’than
œ 3 -or 4 mm.; it may become necessary in respect in claim 3,l in which the nozzles are arranged in 60
' of' y_such sheets. to stretch` same by means of two series spaced apart and directed towards
each other -and opposite~ surfaces of the glass
special frames, or by counterweights, etc.
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Said sheets may also be stamped or embossed, sheet to be tempered, tand means for suspending
taneous.
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or, anyway, not be smooth in any other way.
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'I'he blast or _aspirating elements with nozzles,
`may alsobe endowed with the possibility of move
ment so as to enable their being moved away
the glass sheet and causing the same to be moved
into position between the spaced series of nozzles
and over the nozzle supporting frame.
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ALBERTO
QUENTIN.y
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