Патент USA US2137293код для вставки
Nov.. 2552; 1938. v E; T. JOHNSON TYPEWRITER Box Filed-Sept. l0, 1935 2,]l37,293 v 2 Sheets-Sheet l Nov. 22, i9. d E. T. .JOHNSONÍ ‘ 2,137,293 TYPEWRITER BOX Filed Sépt. 10, 1935 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR EDM/iw ZJOHN50/V BY Patented Nov. 22, 1938 2,137,293.' UNITED STAT Es - PAT E N0f¿FIflscflë: N TYPEWRITER Box` ’ Edward T. Johnson, Greenfield, Mass., assignor to The New England Box Company, Greenfield;l Mass., a corporation of Massachusetts Application September 10, 1935, Serial No. 39,891 6 Claims. :Thisîinventionr relatesî to a shipping package designed toresilientlysuspend a relatively heavy, delicate` articlein the interior thereof and to havei an"~ exterior which isrelatively strong and . rigid sothat> it will serve to protect- thegoods. T-he‘y package of my invention is particularly suitable for use `in shipping heavy machines such asA typewriters, calculating machines, precision instruments and the like, and. is designed to re 101» siliently .support these machines sothat the pack age'.` may4 be subjectedto a considerable amount of, rough treatment without any damage to the through thepackage showing certain locking meansA for the resilient machine support, said section being taken onv the line 2-‘--2` of Figure 1. Figure 3 is a vertical cross section through the box. on the line 3--3'v of Figure 2 showing the re silient support in `cross section. ` VFigure 4‘ is a plan View of my improved pack age with the lid removed and having a portion of the resilient support broken away to disclose cer taindetails, and _, Figure 5 isa detail in vertical section on the contents-_’` Ordinarily in shipping such things-as line 5»-5v_ofA Figure 4„ illustrating one method of attaching >a machine to the resilient support. ` typewriters; forexample, there is provided a box 15“ of wooden or other construction which is very may be made in a conventional way of wood as Numeral Il!` indicates generally a box which solid and4 which isA ma-defjust` the right size to ñt the> machine». The typewriter is then placed in thebox» and securely wedged in place. to prevent relative movement betweenfthe box and the type# 20 writer.`> This` type of package is quite suitable if handled.; very carefully,.but there is. always the illustrated, or of other suitable material. It is preferably of a fairly rigid and solid construction danger that the box may be dropped or struck a` blow causing damage to the typewriter since any i5, I6. » The side members and end pieces may be joined.A at the corners in- any suitable way as sudden force applied tofthe outside ofthe box is ' by a dovetail or lock corner construction or the 25 directly transmitted to the machine. Occasion ally a special spring mounting. is provided be tween. the` machine and boxV but this is compli cated and expensive and unsatisfactory for Var-~ ious‘other reasons. 30 „ i It is an object of my invention.- to` provide a novel, simple construction whereby the type writer, ory other machine, is spaced from the walls of the containergis locked in thebox by simply closing the lid thereof but is resiliently suspended andis free to'move a limited amount, insufficient to produce solid engagement with the box walls when `the container is subjected to rough han* dling. v‘ i One feature of my invention is the provision of a structure of the character explained which is economical to produce and which, if desired may be made completely of wood. . A. further feature is’the provision of. a box or container of the type speciiiced which is of Vsimple 45 constructionandV adapted to contain machines of var-ying sizes and one which may be very readily re-used. Further featuresfand `advantages will be made apparent from` the. following description of one 50 embodiment of my invention Iillustrated inthe drawings, . in` which: members. [3,14, togetherA with suitable endpieces like. Fixed` to each of the sides I 3, I4 by any suitable means such aseÁ nails, screws, or bolts, are pairs» of- vertically extending cleats Il,> I'I and I8, I8 with the topends‘IS thereof spaced. fromI the top. edge of the box a convenient dis 30 tance, for a-purpose to be described. .The resilient support for the machine con tained. in the package preferably comprises a sec tion of.` ply wood-2|., which is adapted to rest di rectly on the `ends of the ñxedcleats I'I, I'I and I8,.fl8. `I. have found a à,” or 3&0" ply woodsheet quite satisfactory `for supporting a type writer. Fixed to opposite edgeson the underside of and centrally disposed on this resilient sup port are two cleats 22, 22 which are of the right lengthtosnugly fit between the pairs of vertically extendingV cleats I'I, Hand I8, I8 to prevent side or. edgewise movement of the resilient support longitudinally with respect to the box. Carried on the top‘of the support and directly above the -cleats 22., 22' are aA pair` of locking cleats 23, 23, which.` are of the correct thickness to take up the space. between the resilient support and the lid ofthe box. ' It will be seen from the foregoing that two of the end. edgescf the resilient support _areiirmly 50 locked in p1ace~against any form of movement . Figure 1 isa vertical, transverse cross-section taken nearone. end of a package formed in_ac cordance with my invention. . capable of resisting breakage or damage in the course ofroughhandling’when loaded. This box comprises a bottom member II, lid I2 and side . Figure 2`is avertical, longitudinal cross section with respect to the box when the package is in its. assembled position and the lid is ñrmly fas tened'down. Upward movement is prevented by the c1eats23acting against the cover; downward à 2,137,293 movement is prevented by cleats I1 and I8; transverse movement (i. e., across Figure l) is struction may be employed. It should be formed of wood of suitable thickness to withstand the roughest handling to which the box is likely to be subjected. The bottom, which is the most vulnerable part of the box, should be made some what thicker than the sides and top. I also prevented by engagement of the cleats 22 and 23 as well as the ends of the ply wood with the walls I3 and I4, While longitudinal movement (i. e., across Figure 2) is prevented by cleats 22 acting on cleats I1 and I8. Since the section of plyV prefer to apply one or more metal bales or bands of some type around the exterior of the box to wood, or'similar material 2 I, is resilient and flex ible those portions of it intermediate the end lend further strength. Such ashipping package edges will be free to move up and down a limited combines interior flexibility with exterior strength extent but it will always'tend to substantially and rigidity. Furthermore, the construction may straighten out. Thus this member serves as a be readily standardized so that a relatively small resilient support for anything attached to it. number of different sized parts will accommodate The machineor other merchandise to be packed a large variety of machines. The box may very is preferably rigidly mounted on the support 2| readily ber reusedbyvsimply lifting out one ma so that it hangs downwardly in the box. Any chine and replacing it by another which need not suitable means may be employed to fix the ma be of identically the same size so long as the chine to the ñexible support. In the` drawings I have illustrated one type of means which I prefer to employ for shipping ply wood support and its cleats are appropriate. Many modifications may be employed within typewriters. Typewriters ordinarily have four legs which may very readily be made hollow and threaded.A These legs or standards of the ma chine may be spaced from the flexible support by a pair of cleats 24, 24 and suitable washer mem bers 25, as best shown in Fig. 5. Cleats 24 are provided with holes 26 to receive bolts 21 and are also preferably undercut as at 28 in any suitable manner, to provide room for cup shaped washers 29, which are fitted in holes 3|) in the ply wood member 2|. Suitable lock washers 3| may be employed if desired. It will be understood that the assembly is maintained by the bolts 21. By ' _ the use of the various washer members and cleats i very little, if any, strength of the resilient support is sacriñced. In fact the cleats tend to stiifen the Ysupport somewhat although not to an ob >jectionable extent, particularly since they are not the scope of my invention. For example,_ the 20 cleats 23, 23k could be nailed to the lid' of the box rather than to the resilient support 2|. If de sired, one of the cleats 22 may be made longer than the other and the cleats I1, I1 and I8, I8 spaced apart'diiferent distances'so that the ma 25 chine to be shipped will fit in the box in only one position. Any Aother suitable locking means might also be employed although I prefer the construction illustrated because of its simplicity 30 of manufacture and use. The resilient support may, if desired, be of the same dimensions as the interior of the box and have cut out portions or handles so that it may be easily lifted. In this case the cleats 22 may' be omitted. ' _ f If the machine to be suspended is not equippe with legs or standards having screw threaded m secured to the ply wood except by means of the openingsto receive the‘bolts 21 the latter may simply be passed through eyelets on a looped m bolts 21. It will be apparent that in supporting wire, or bail, or the like which may be engaged heavy machines, such as typewriters and calcu lating machines, it is necessary to make the struc ture rather sturdy and too great a flexibility is »_ not desirable. In packing a box of the foregoing construction for the shipment of a typewriter, the resilient under a suitable portion of the machine frame to support the same. ' ‘ ’ - If desired, the cleats 22 might be omitted and their function supplied by other means. ' For ex ample, the vertical cleats I1, `I8 might be partly other portion of the typewriter as by an ar cut away at their tops to provide shoulders for receiving and supporting the ply wood member and to provide upstanding fingers cooperating rangement of the type just described. The ply with the edges of the ply wood to prevent lateral support 2| is first firmly attached to the legs or wood sheet 2| is then grasped along its free edges with the typewriter hanging downwardly and the latter is then lowered into the box in such a way that the cleats 22fñt into locking position be tween the cleats I1 jand I8. 'I‘he ply wood layer ~' 2| is preferably of the right length to fit across the box but it is not as wide as the lengthA of the box thus leaving spaces at the two opposite edges movement thereof. - Y To assist in distributing the pressure of the supporting member on the walls of the box during endwise movement of the support the cleats 22 may be partly cut away at their ends to provide a portion on each snugly Iitting between the ver- _ tical cleats I1, I1 or I8, I8 and portions at the ends overlying these vertical cleats.' In this way adjacent the box ends I5 and I6 so that the ma the thrust willvbe transmitted, at least in part, chine maybe readily lowered and raised Without injuring the hands. Furthermore, this arrange ment makes it possible to employ the same sized ply wood boards for typewriters having carriages of different lengths. The mere fact that a larger box is required for a- larger carriage does not to thecleats I1 andV I8 which willrin turn distrib necessitate a change in the size of the ply Wood ` support. The cleats 23 are flush with the top of the box so that when the lid is closed and firmly secured the typewriter is locked in its correct posi tion, spaced froml all of the six walls of the box 70 and free to move, in opposition to the yielding restraining force of the ply wood, whenever the box is jarred. y Y ' , As previously stated, the box may be veryY ad »_ vantageously -made'with a lock corner or a dove tail construction although any other suitable con ute the pressure over a greater portion of the walls I3 and I4. `>~ Numerous other variations in the details of construction will suggest themselves to persons skilled in the art. y The terms and expressions employed herein are used for purposes of description and not of lim itation. It is recognized that many modiiications of the construction disclosed may be made with in the scope of the present invention. What I claim is: _ I 1. A shipping package of the class described, comprising a relatively strong and rigid contain er, a fiexible supportlin sheet form spaced from the >top and bottom >of said container, said sup port having its ends restingl on supports fixed to ' 3 2,137,293 the inside walls of the container, and a cover for said container constructed and arranged to hold er and arranged to receive said. support, cleats said support removably in place. 2. A shipping package of the class described, comprising a relatively strong and rigid contain of said support when it rests on the ñrst men er, means fixed to the inner side of the walls of said container, a flexible support in sheet form supported at its edges by said means, and means between said support and the container cover 10 to prevent upward movement of said support when the cover of the container is in place, said last named means being unattached to said walls. 3. A shipping package of the class described, comprising a relatively strong and rigid contain er, means ñxed to the inner side of the Walls of said container, a flexible support in sheet form supported at its edges by said means, means to prevent upward movement of said support when the cover of the container is in place, and means 20 coacting with said ñrst named means to prevent edgewise movement of said support relative to the container. 4. Ashipping package comprising a container for relatively heavy, delicate merchandise, a re 25 silient support comprising a sheet of ply Wood, cleats ñxed to opposite inner walls of the contain ñxed to said support adjacent opposite edges thereof and adapted to prevent lateral movement tioned cleats, and means to lock the edges of said support in place only when the lid of said container is applied. 5. A shipping package comprising a container ,for relatively heavy, delicate merchandise, a re silient support comprising a sheet of ply Wood, 10 cleats ñxed to opposite inner Walls of the con tainer and arranged to receive said support, cleats ñxed to said support adjacent opposite edges thereof and adapted to prevent lateral movement of said support when it rests on the first men tioned cleats, and means carried by said support cooperating with the lid for holding the support in position when the lid of the container is ap plied. 15 , 6. A shipping package as deñned in claim 5 in 20 which the flexible support is supported only at its ends with side edges thereof spaced from the Walls of the container, and means for preventing lateral movement of said support in said contain er when the cover is closed. EDWARD T. JOHNSON.