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Патент USA US2137293

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Nov.. 2552; 1938.
Filed-Sept. l0, 1935
2 Sheets-Sheet l
Nov. 22, i9.
Filed Sépt. 10, 1935
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Patented Nov. 22, 1938
N0f¿FIflscflë: N
’ Edward T. Johnson, Greenfield, Mass., assignor
to The New England Box Company, Greenfield;l
Mass., a corporation of Massachusetts
Application September 10, 1935, Serial No. 39,891
6 Claims.
:Thisîinventionr relatesî to a shipping package
designed toresilientlysuspend a relatively heavy,
delicate` articlein the interior thereof and to
havei an"~ exterior which isrelatively strong and
. rigid sothat> it will serve to protect- thegoods.
T-he‘y package of my invention is particularly
suitable for use `in shipping heavy machines such
asA typewriters, calculating machines, precision
instruments and the like, and. is designed to re
101» siliently .support these machines sothat the pack
age'.` may4 be subjectedto a considerable amount
of, rough treatment without any damage to the
through thepackage showing certain locking
meansA for the resilient machine support, said
section being taken onv the line 2-‘--2` of Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a vertical cross section through the
box. on the line 3--3'v of Figure 2 showing the re
silient support in `cross section. `
VFigure 4‘ is a plan View of my improved pack
age with the lid removed and having a portion of
the resilient support broken away to disclose cer
taindetails, and
Figure 5 isa detail in vertical section on the
contents-_’` Ordinarily in shipping such things-as
line 5»-5v_ofA Figure 4„ illustrating one method of
attaching >a machine to the resilient support.
` typewriters; forexample, there is provided a box
15“ of wooden or other construction which is very
may be made in a conventional way of wood as
Numeral Il!` indicates generally a box which
solid and4 which isA ma-defjust` the right size to ñt
the> machine». The typewriter is then placed in
thebox» and securely wedged in place. to prevent
relative movement betweenfthe box and the type#
20 writer.`> This` type of package is quite suitable if
handled.; very carefully,.but there is. always the
illustrated, or of other suitable material. It is
preferably of a fairly rigid and solid construction
danger that the box may be dropped or struck a`
blow causing damage to the typewriter since any
i5, I6. » The side members and end pieces may
be joined.A at the corners in- any suitable way as
sudden force applied tofthe outside ofthe box is
' by a dovetail or lock corner construction or the
25 directly transmitted to the machine.
ally a special spring mounting. is provided be
tween. the` machine and boxV but this is compli
cated and expensive and unsatisfactory for Var-~
ious‘other reasons.
It is an object of my invention.- to` provide a
novel, simple construction whereby the type
writer, ory other machine, is spaced from the walls
of the containergis locked in thebox by simply
closing the lid thereof but is resiliently suspended
andis free to'move a limited amount, insufficient
to produce solid engagement with the box walls
when `the container is subjected to rough han*
dling. v‘
One feature of my invention is the provision of
a structure of the character explained which is
economical to produce and which, if desired may
be made completely of wood.
A. further feature is’the provision of. a box or
container of the type speciiiced which is of Vsimple
45 constructionandV adapted to contain machines of
var-ying sizes and one which may be very readily
Further featuresfand `advantages will be made
apparent from` the. following description of one
50 embodiment of my invention Iillustrated inthe
drawings, . in` which:
members. [3,14, togetherA with suitable endpieces
like. Fixed` to each of the sides I 3, I4 by any
suitable means such aseÁ nails, screws, or bolts,
are pairs» of- vertically extending cleats Il,> I'I
and I8, I8 with the topends‘IS thereof spaced.
fromI the top. edge of the box a convenient dis
tance, for a-purpose to be described.
.The resilient support for the machine con
tained. in the package preferably comprises a sec
tion of.` ply wood-2|., which is adapted to rest di
rectly on the `ends of the ñxedcleats I'I, I'I and
I8,.fl8. `I. have found a à,” or 3&0" ply woodsheet quite satisfactory `for supporting a type
writer. Fixed to opposite edgeson the underside
of and centrally disposed on this resilient sup
port are two cleats 22, 22 which are of the right
lengthtosnugly fit between the pairs of vertically
extendingV cleats I'I, Hand I8, I8 to prevent side
or. edgewise movement of the resilient support
longitudinally with respect to the box. Carried
on the top‘of the support and directly above the
-cleats 22., 22' are aA pair` of locking cleats 23, 23,
which.` are of the correct thickness to take up the
space. between the resilient support and the lid
ofthe box.
It will be seen from the foregoing that two of
the end. edgescf the resilient support _areiirmly 50
locked in p1ace~against any form of movement
Figure 1 isa vertical, transverse cross-section
taken nearone. end of a package formed in_ac
cordance with my invention. .
capable of resisting breakage or damage in the
course ofroughhandling’when loaded. This box
comprises a bottom member II, lid I2 and side
Figure 2`is avertical, longitudinal cross section
with respect to the box when the package is in
its. assembled position and the lid is ñrmly fas
tened'down. Upward movement is prevented by
the c1eats23acting against the cover; downward
movement is prevented by cleats I1 and I8;
transverse movement (i. e., across Figure l) is
struction may be employed. It should be formed
of wood of suitable thickness to withstand the
roughest handling to which the box is likely to
be subjected. The bottom, which is the most
vulnerable part of the box, should be made some
what thicker than the sides and top. I also
prevented by engagement of the cleats 22 and 23
as well as the ends of the ply wood with the walls
I3 and I4, While longitudinal movement (i. e.,
across Figure 2) is prevented by cleats 22 acting
on cleats I1 and I8. Since the section of plyV prefer to apply one or more metal bales or bands
of some type around the exterior of the box to
wood, or'similar material 2 I, is resilient and flex
ible those portions of it intermediate the end lend further strength. Such ashipping package
edges will be free to move up and down a limited combines interior flexibility with exterior strength
extent but it will always'tend to substantially and rigidity. Furthermore, the construction may
straighten out. Thus this member serves as a be readily standardized so that a relatively small
resilient support for anything attached to it.
number of different sized parts will accommodate
The machineor other merchandise to be packed a large variety of machines. The box may very
is preferably rigidly mounted on the support 2| readily ber reusedbyvsimply lifting out one ma
so that it hangs downwardly in the box. Any chine and replacing it by another which need not
suitable means may be employed to fix the ma
be of identically the same size so long as the
chine to the ñexible support.
In the` drawings I have illustrated one type of
means which I prefer to employ for shipping
ply wood support and its cleats are appropriate.
Many modifications may be employed within
typewriters. Typewriters ordinarily have four
legs which may very readily be made hollow and
threaded.A These legs or standards of the ma
chine may be spaced from the flexible support by
a pair of cleats 24, 24 and suitable washer mem
bers 25, as best shown in Fig. 5. Cleats 24 are
provided with holes 26 to receive bolts 21 and are
also preferably undercut as at 28 in any suitable
manner, to provide room for cup shaped washers
29, which are fitted in holes 3|) in the ply wood
member 2|. Suitable lock washers 3| may be
employed if desired. It will be understood that
the assembly is maintained by the bolts 21.
By '
_ the use of the various washer members and cleats
i very little, if any, strength of the resilient support
is sacriñced. In fact the cleats tend to stiifen
the Ysupport somewhat although not to an ob
>jectionable extent, particularly since they are not
the scope of my invention. For example,_ the 20
cleats 23, 23k could be nailed to the lid' of the box
rather than to the resilient support 2|. If de
sired, one of the cleats 22 may be made longer
than the other and the cleats I1, I1 and I8, I8
spaced apart'diiferent distances'so that the ma 25
chine to be shipped will fit in the box in only one
position. Any Aother suitable locking means
might also be employed although I prefer the
construction illustrated because of its simplicity
of manufacture and use.
The resilient support may, if desired, be of the
same dimensions as the interior of the box and
have cut out portions or handles so that it may
be easily lifted. In this case the cleats 22 may'
If the machine to be suspended is not equippe
with legs or standards having screw threaded
m secured to the ply wood except by means of the
openingsto receive the‘bolts 21 the latter may
simply be passed through eyelets on a looped
m bolts 21. It will be apparent that in supporting
wire, or bail, or the like which may be engaged
heavy machines, such as typewriters and calcu
lating machines, it is necessary to make the struc
ture rather sturdy and too great a flexibility is
»_ not desirable.
In packing a box of the foregoing construction
for the shipment of a typewriter, the resilient
under a suitable portion of the machine frame to
support the same.
- If desired, the cleats 22 might be omitted and
their function supplied by other means. ' For ex
ample, the vertical cleats I1, `I8 might be partly
other portion of the typewriter as by an ar
cut away at their tops to provide shoulders for
receiving and supporting the ply wood member
and to provide upstanding fingers cooperating
rangement of the type just described. The ply
with the edges of the ply wood to prevent lateral
support 2| is first firmly attached to the legs or
wood sheet 2| is then grasped along its free edges
with the typewriter hanging downwardly and the
latter is then lowered into the box in such a way
that the cleats 22fñt into locking position be
tween the cleats I1 jand I8. 'I‘he ply wood layer
~' 2| is preferably of the right length to fit across
the box but it is not as wide as the lengthA of the
box thus leaving spaces at the two opposite edges
movement thereof. -
To assist in distributing the pressure of the
supporting member on the walls of the box during
endwise movement of the support the cleats 22
may be partly cut away at their ends to provide
a portion on each snugly Iitting between the ver- _
tical cleats I1, I1 or I8, I8 and portions at the
ends overlying these vertical cleats.' In this way
adjacent the box ends I5 and I6 so that the ma
the thrust willvbe transmitted, at least in part,
chine maybe readily lowered and raised Without
injuring the hands. Furthermore, this arrange
ment makes it possible to employ the same sized
ply wood boards for typewriters having carriages
of different lengths. The mere fact that a larger
box is required for a- larger carriage does not
to thecleats I1 andV I8 which willrin turn distrib
necessitate a change in the size of the ply Wood `
support. The cleats 23 are flush with the top of
the box so that when the lid is closed and firmly
secured the typewriter is locked in its correct posi
tion, spaced froml all of the six walls of the box
70 and free to move, in opposition to the yielding
restraining force of the ply wood, whenever the
box is
As previously stated, the box may be veryY ad
»_ vantageously -made'with a lock corner or a dove
tail construction although any other suitable con
ute the pressure over a greater portion of the
walls I3 and I4.
Numerous other variations in the details of
construction will suggest themselves to persons
skilled in the art.
The terms and expressions employed herein are
used for purposes of description and not of lim
itation. It is recognized that many modiiications
of the construction disclosed may be made with
in the scope of the present invention.
What I claim is:
1. A shipping package of the class described,
comprising a relatively strong and rigid contain
er, a fiexible supportlin sheet form spaced from
the >top and bottom >of said container, said sup
port having its ends restingl on supports fixed to
the inside walls of the container, and a cover for
said container constructed and arranged to hold
er and arranged to receive said. support, cleats
said support removably in place.
2. A shipping package of the class described,
comprising a relatively strong and rigid contain
of said support when it rests on the ñrst men
er, means fixed to the inner side of the walls of
said container, a flexible support in sheet form
supported at its edges by said means, and means
between said support and the container cover
10 to prevent upward movement of said support
when the cover of the container is in place, said
last named means being unattached to said walls.
3. A shipping package of the class described,
comprising a relatively strong and rigid contain
er, means ñxed to the inner side of the Walls of
said container, a flexible support in sheet form
supported at its edges by said means, means to
prevent upward movement of said support when
the cover of the container is in place, and means
20 coacting with said ñrst named means to prevent
edgewise movement of said support relative to the
4. Ashipping package comprising a container
for relatively heavy, delicate merchandise, a re
25 silient support comprising a sheet of ply Wood,
cleats ñxed to opposite inner walls of the contain
ñxed to said support adjacent opposite edges
thereof and adapted to prevent lateral movement
tioned cleats, and means to lock the edges of
said support in place only when the lid of said
container is applied.
5. A shipping package comprising a container
,for relatively heavy, delicate merchandise, a re
silient support comprising a sheet of ply Wood, 10
cleats ñxed to opposite inner Walls of the con
tainer and arranged to receive said support, cleats
ñxed to said support adjacent opposite edges
thereof and adapted to prevent lateral movement
of said support when it rests on the first men
tioned cleats, and means carried by said support
cooperating with the lid for holding the support
in position when the lid of the container is ap
6. A shipping package as deñned in claim 5 in 20
which the flexible support is supported only at its
ends with side edges thereof spaced from the
Walls of the container, and means for preventing
lateral movement of said support in said contain
er when the cover is closed.
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