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Патент USA US2137444

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Nov. 22, 1938.
c. E. CLANCY
VENETIAN BLIND
_ Filed Aug. 18, 1936
“
2,137,444
2 Sheets-Sheet l
2
2.
13p
.25
/ /A
BY
ATTORNEY.‘
Nov. 22, 1938.
C. E. CLANCY
2,137,444
v VENETIAN BLIND
Filed‘ Aug. 18, 1936
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
INVENTOIIZ.
BY
I
ATTORNEY
Patented Nov. 22,‘ 1938
2,137,444
UNITED, :STATES
PATENT OFFICE.
2,137,444
VENETIAN BLIND
Charles EI/Clancy, Glendale, Calif.
Application August 18, 1936, SEN-13.1 N0. 96,649
2 Claims. (lUl. 156-17)
tilted position, and a- means E for raising and
- This invention relates to and has for an ob
ject thereof the provision of a novel form of
Venetian blind which comprises fewer parts
than used in the present day types of such blinds,
g, and entails less cost in production and installa
tion thereof while aifording all of the desirable
appearances,e?ects and features of said pres
ent day types.
,
’
An additional object is to provide a Venetian
lowering the foot rail and said slats.
As here shown, the Venetian blind elements
and the operating means therefor are installable
and'removablei as a unit through use of-the 5
means B which comprises channelled end mem
bers t and 9 which slidably receive and fric
tionally hold the head rail 3 at the ends of the
latter. The end member 8 is provided with‘ an
1o blind of the character described wherein there _ opening it for reception of a trunnion ll car- 10
is conveniently provided between an end of the ried by the bracket l. [The end member 9 is pro
tiltable head rail and a rail supporting bracket, vided with a headed trunnion‘ l2 adapted. to be
removably received in an upwardly opening
an efficient yet simple means for releasably hold
socket it formed in the bracket 2. It will now
ing the head rail against unintentional move
it ment from a predetermined tilted position.
be seen that with the brackets installed on the 15
Other objects may appear as the description window frame or the like, the head rail having
progresses.
I have shown a preferred form of my invention
in the accompanying drawings, subject to modi
20 ?cation within the scope of the, appended claims
without departing from the spirit of my inven
_In said drawings:
.
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of the Venetian‘ blind
25 of this invention as when installed;
Fig. 2 is a section taken on the plane of line
,
,
a
, Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken on the plane of
line 3-3 of Fig. 1; .
30
Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken on the plane of
line 4—4 of Fig, 2;
'
Fig. 5 is an elevation of one of the brackets;
Fig. 6 is a sectionalview taken on line 6-6 of
Fig. 1;
35
ordinary roller shade, and may be as readily and
as easily removed therefrom.
20
The means C for tilting the head rail and slats
comprises
tion.
2-2 of Fig. 1;
the end pieces 8 and Q frictionally held thereon,
may be readily ?tted to the brackets like the
’
Fig. 7 is a sectional view similar to Fig. 6,
showing the head rail and slats tilted as when
closing the blind;
Fig- 8 is a similar view to Fig. '7 showing the
head rail and slats as'when oppositely‘ tilted so
40 as to partially open the blind; and
an _ upstanding
apertured
lug
it
formed integral with the end piece 9 and having
a ?exible operating cord l5 threaded through
the apertures thereof. This cord is extended 25
over the top of the head rail and depends from
opposite ‘sides thereof with its ends in position
at all times to be grasped and pulled whereby to
rock said head rail in either direction and ac- _
cordingly tilt the slats, as desired.
30
It “will be noted that the means D for main
taining the head rail against unintentional move
ment out of a predetermined tilted position in
cludes a circular series of depressions it formed
in the bracket 2 concentrically with the axis of 35
the head rail.
Cooperating with these depres
sions is a spring urged detent means comprising
spring arms I‘! ?xed to the‘end piece 9 by the
trunnion l2 and extending laterally in opposite
directions therefrom with their outer ends clear' 40
Fig. 9 is a sectional view taken on the plane - of. said end piece. On these outer ends are
rounded detents l8 adapted to be engaged in' the
of 'line 9—9 of Fig. 3.
‘
' One embodiment of the Venetian blind‘ of this depressions l6 as the head rail is tilted. Thus,
invention comprises brackets L and 2 adapted
45' to be secured to a window frame’ A or the like, a
head rail 3, a means B for tiltably and remov
vably supporting said head rail in said brackets, a
foot rail 4, pairs of ?exible hangers 5 depending
from said head rail and secured to said foot rail,
50 ‘slats 6, ?exible straps ‘I carried by said hangers
and supporting said slats for’ tilting movement
and for the raising and lowering thereof, a means
C for‘ tilting said head rail and slats, a means
D for releasably holding the head rail against
55 unintentional movement out of a predetermined
it is seen that in all positions into which the head
rail is turned or tilted, the detent means D will 45
operate to maintain the desired tilted position of
said rail and the slats 6.
’
In accordance with this invention I employ
the single rail 3 to take the place of the separate
head rail and tilt rail employed in the present 50
day types of Venetian blinds. In using one rail
to serve the purpose of the two rails, I‘eliminate
the use of‘comparatively complicated and~_ex
pensive hardware, it only being necessary to em
ploy a simple form of bracket to install the blind. 55
I
2
2,187,444
Furthermore, the means for tilting the slats and
by and between said rails, means carried entirely
the means for raising and lowering the blind are
by said head rail for tilting said head rail, said
of a simple and inexpensive form by reason of ’ means for tilting said head rail including an up
standing lug on said head rail and a ?exible op
the use of a single header bar in accordance with
this invention, it being noted that the said oper
ating means are solely supported by the single
bar.
I In accordance with this invention the means
E, for raising and lowering the blind, comprises
10 a ?exible operating element or cord l9 having its
ends secured to the foot rail 4 and extended
upwardly through apertures in the slats 6, then
through openings 20 in the head rail and around
pulleys 2|. The cord I9 is then doubled and
15 extended over an end pulley 22 and allowed to
hang from the head rail so that it may be read
ily grasped to raise and lower the blind.
On
the window frame A is a cleat 23 to which the
cord I9 is secured to maintain the shade in pre
ends to said trunnion and having its free ends
outwardly o?set, and a similarly outwardly olf
set portion on said bracket on opposite sides of
.said slot for frictional contact with said ends of
said spring member.
2. In a Venetian blind, brackets therefor, a
head rail, channelled end pieces on the head rail,
means for tiltably mounting said end pieces on
said brackets, Venetian blind elements support~
determined elevated ‘positions.
ed solely by said head rail, means supported -
It will be noted that the rail 3 is recessed or
grooved on its upper side for reception of the
pulleys and cord, and that a cover plate 24 may
solely by said head rail for tilting said head rail,
be used to conceal these 'parts.
Furthermore,
the end pieces 8 and 9 may be secured in place,
if desired, by fastenings 25.
'
It will now be seen that the Venetian blind of
this invention will provide for the advantages
‘hereinbefore noted in a particularly efficacious
30
erating element secured to and depending from 5
opposite sides of said head rail, and means for
releasably holding said head rail in tilted posi
tion including a'headed trunnion on said head
rail, one of said brackets having a slot receiving
said trunnion, a spring member ?xed between its
mannert
What I claim, is:
1. In a Venetian blind, brackets therefor, a
head rail tiltably supported by said brackets, a
foot rail, a Venetian blind structure supported
including a headed trunnion on- one of said end
pieces, one of said brackets having an upwardly
opening socket therein removably receiving said
headed trunnion, a spring member ?xed between - -
its ends to said last named end piece, said last
named bracket having depressions therein and
.detent members on the ends of said spring mem
ber and adapted to engage in said sockets, said
means for tilting said rail including an upstand- 1
ing lug on said last named end piece and ?exible
operating members secured to said lug and de-'
pending from opposite sides of said rail.
CHARLES E. CLANCY.
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