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Патент USA US2137508

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NOV. 22, 1938.
L. _1_ PQWELL
2,137,508
PANELING STRUCTURE
Filed Jan. 11, 1937
Ww
25 Z6
Patented Nov. 22, 1938
2,137,508
UNITED STATES
PATENT OFFÍCE
2,137,508
PANE-LING STRUCTURE
Lawrence J. Powell, Chicago, Ill., assigner to
General Porcelain Enameling & Manufactur
ing Company, Chicago, Ill., a corporation of
Illinois
Application January 11, 1937, Serial No. 119,959
5 Claims. (Cl. 18S-85)
This invention relates to a paneling structure,
clips or attachment members for securing the
and more particularly to a paneling structure panel members in place; and
comprising panel members ñnished to present a
Figure 4 is a fragmentary sectional view taken
porcelain-like surface and attachment members on the line 4-4 of Figure l.
for securing the panel members to the desired
It is to be understood that while I have shown
Wall or other> surface.
the panel members of rectangular form, with
The present invention is adapted for use Wher
their longer dimensions disposed horizontally,
ever a porcelain like or equivalent ñnish is de
these members may be disposed with the longer
sired--for example, in forming store fronts, sid
dimensions vertically or otherwise as desired.
NI ings for buildings, and in surfacing gasoline sta
Furthermore, the panel >members may be square il)
tions and the like. It is to be understood, how
or of any other desired conñguration, and of any
ever, that these uses are merely illustrative, and preferred size.
that the invention may be employed in all simi
Referring now to the drawing, 5 designates a
lar work as suitable or desired.
One of the main objects of the present inven
tion is to provide a paneling system that may be
set up easily and quickly without exposed attach
ment means and without the use of cement or
the like for holding the panels in place, a panel
ing system in which any desired panel may be
easily removed and replaced, without removing
numerous adjacent panels, in case of cracking
or chipping of the porcelain-like finish, or where
it is desired to remove a panel or a plurality of
panels for any other reason, and a paneling sys
tem in which the entire paneling structure may
be readily taken down and installed elsewhere.
Another and more specific object of the inven
tion is to provide discontinuous attachment
means for securing the panel members in place,
and, more particularly, attachment members po
sitioned at spaced locations along the peripheries
of the panel members, and panel members hav
ing peripheral flanges provided with discontinu
ous or spaced depressions forming shoulders for
40
interlocking engagement with the attachment
members and adapted, by their discontinuous
character and the discontinuous engagement with
the attachment members, to be secured in place
and removed expeditiously. The discontinuous
character of the attachment of the panels also
minimizes the stresses which tend to crack or
chip the porcelain-like surfaces of the panel
45
members.
n
Further objects and advantages of the present
invention will be apparent from the following de
tailed description, taken in connection with the
accompanying drawing, in which:
50
Figure l is a fragmentary perspective view ci a
paneling system embodying the present inven
tion;
Figure 2 is a perspective view of one of the
panel members;
55
Figure 3 is a perspective view of one of the
wall or any other surface which it is desired to
cover with the panels of the present invention.
The panels are indicated at 6, and the attach
ment clips for securing the panels in place are
indicated at 1.
The clips or attachment members 'l are prefer
ably formed of spring steel of suitable gauge,
pressed, for example, by simple stamping dies, to
generally channel-shaped section as shown in
Figure 2. The base ß of each clip 'l is preferably
bowed in slightly, as shown, to strengthen the
sides 9, the upper ends of whichV are turned in at
l5 for interlocking engagement with the cooper
ating shoulders on the panels 6. The inner ends
of the inturned flanges IU are turned- out at Il
to facilitate entry of the shouldered portions
along the ñanges of the panels B therebetween.
The base 8 has apertures I2 through which nails,
screws or the like, indicated at I4, are inserted
to secure the attachment clips to the wall or other
surface 5. Where the wall ii is of metal or a
framework of metal, or provided with metal por
tions which will permit, the bases of the attach
ment clips 'l may be spot-welded or otherwise
secured thereto, and, in such case, the nails,
screws, or the like, indicated at I4, may be
omitted.
fi 0
The panel members 6 are preferably formed of
sheet metal of suitable gauge, pressed to shape
and provided with marginal flanges I5. The
ilange I5 0i each panel has discontinuous de
pressions l6 pressed therein at spaced locations,
for example by ordinary stamp and die opera
tions. These depressions l5 form discontinuous
shoulders I8 at spaced locations for interlocking
engagement with the inturned flanges I9 of the
clips l. In the illustrated embodiment of the in- .
vention, there is one depression I6 forming an
internal attachment shoulder I8 at each of the
opposite ends of the elongated panel, and two
spaced depressions I6 forming spaced internal
attachment shoulders I8 along one long side of 55.
2
2,137,508
the panel, Whereas the other long side of the
panel has one depression I6 forming an internal
of the flanges I 5 may be conveniently sprung out
attachment shoulder staggered with respect to
the shoulders I8 along the opposite side of the
I do not intend to be limited to the precise
details shown or described.
I claim:
1. In a paneling system of the class described,
a supporting structure, metallic panel members
having outer surfaces provided with a porcelain
like or equivalent finish and four sides provided
Ul panel and specifically disposed intermediate such
two shoulders I8 along the opposite side of the
panel.
It is to be understood that this precise arrange
ment of the depressions I5 and the attachment
shoulders I8 formed thereby may vary widely
with variations in the shapes and sizes of the
panels. It is an important aspect of the in
vention, however, that these depressions and
the attachment shoulders formed thereby are not
continuous about the margin of the panel. This
facilitates setting up the panels, and permits the
entire paneling system to be readily taken down
and installed elsewhere. It also makes it pos
sible expeditiously to remove any intermediate
20 or other panel in case of cracking or chipping of
the porcelain-like or equivalent finish.
The surface 20 of each panel 6 preferably has
glass fused onto the metal, as shown at 2|, to
give a porcelain-like finish. This finish may be
colored as suitable or desired, and may vary
within the scope of the present invention. The
attachment means of this invention is particu
larly adapted for use with panels finished in
this manner, or in equivalent manner, due to the
30 ease with which it permits removal and replace
ment of the panels in case of cracking or chip
ping of the surface 2| and the manner in which
it minimizes the stresses which otherwise might
tend to crack such porcelain-like or equivalent
finish.
The space between the out-turned ends II of
the attachment clip flanges IEJ is preferably less
than the depth of the shoulder forming depres
sion I6, the depression I5 being sprung or snapped
40 into place in the clips ‘I in securing the panels to»
the wall.
_
Erection or installation is as follows:
The clips or attachment members 'I are first
nailed, screwed, spot-welded, or otherwise se
45 cured to the wall or other surface 5 in position
to receive the depressed and internally shoul
dered portions of the panel flanges. The wall
may be marked off, if desired, to facilitate proper
positioning of the clips 1. The panel members
6 are then applied into interlocking engagement
with the clips 'I as shown in Figure fl. As thus
applied, the panels are held in place on the
surface of the wall 5 by the clips l, ypreferably
with clearance at 25 between the marginal
55 flanges I5 of the panels. This clearance is not
sufficient to permit removal of the panels with
out springing the clips i, but is sufficient to
eliminate any binding engagement between the
margins of the panels.
60
After the panels are installed, the spaces 25
between the panels are caulked with a suitable
65
caulking material 26 for ñnishing purposes. This
caulking material 26 may be a suitable mastic
cement or any other suitable or preferred caulk
ing material.
In removing the panels, it is necessary to spring
only the depressed or shouldered portions of the
flanges I5 out of engagement with the clips l.
70 To facilitate such removal, the flanges I5 may
be provided with apertures, one of which is indi
cated for example at 28 in Figure 3. By insert
ing a screwdriver or other tool between the mar
gins of the panels and engaging the same in this
75 aperture 28, the adjacent shouldered portions
of engagement with the clips 1.
with marginal flanges, discontinuous shoulder
forming depressions at spaced locations along
said flanges at each of the four sides of said
panel members, and a plurality of separate and
individual attachment clips attached to said sup
porting structure at each of the four sides of
said panel members and engageable by snap ac
tion with the shoulders formed by said depres
sions to secure each of said panel members to
said supporting structure upon movement of
said panel members toward the supporting struc
ture.
2. In a paneling system of the class described,
a supporting structure, metallic panel members
having outer surfaces provided with a porcelain
like or equivalent finish and four sides provided
with marginal flanges, discontinuous shoulder
forming depressions at spaced locations along
said flanges and at each of the four sides of said
panel members, and a plurality of separate and
individual attachment clips attached to said sup
porting structure at each of the four sides of said
panel members and engageable by snap action
with the shoulders formed by said depressions to
secure each of said panel members to said sup
porting structure upon movement of said panel 35
members toward the supporting structure, said
flanges being provided with means disposed be
tween certain of said shoulders for engagement
by a tool to spring said shoulders out of engage
ment with said clips for removal of the panel 40
members from the supporting structure.
3. In a paneling system of the class described,
a supporting structure metallic panel members
having outer surfaces provided with a porcelain
like or equivalent finish and four sides provided
with marginal flanges, discontinuous shoulder
forming depressions at spaced locations along
said flanges and at each of the four sides of said
panel members, and a plurality of separate and
individual attachment clips attached to said sup 50
porting structure at each of the four sides of said
panel members and engageable by snap action .
with the shoulders formed by said depression
to secure each of said panel members to said
supporting structure upon movement of said
panel members toward the supporting structure,
the spaced shoulders formed by the depressions
along the flanges of said panel members being
arranged in staggered relation on opposite sides
60
of said panel members.
4. In a paneling system of the class described,
a supporting structure, metallic panel members
having outer surfaces provided with a porcelain
like or equivalent ñnish and four sides provided
with marginal side flanges, discontinuous shoul 65
der forming depressions pressed in said flanges
at spaced locations and at each-of the four sides
of said panel members, and a plurality of sep
arate and individual attachment clips of chan
nel-shaped section having bases attached to said 70
supporting structure at each of the four sides of
said panel members and sides provided with in
turned flanges engageable by snap action with
the shoulders formed by said depressions to se
cure each of said panel members to said support
75
2,137,508
ing structure upon movement of said panel mem
bers toward the supporting structure.
5. In a paneling system of the class described,
a supporting structure, a metallic panel member
having more than two sides each provided With
a marginal iiange, discontinuous shoulder form
ing depressions along the marginal flange at
each side of said panel member, and separate
3
and individual attachment clips attached to said
supporting structure at each of the respective
sides of said panel member and engageable by
snap action With the shoulders formed by said
depressions to secure said panel member to said
supporting structure upon movement of said
panel member toward the supporting structure.
LAWRENCE J. POWELL.
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