close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US2137511

код для вставки
Nov. 22, 1938.
A. E. SIERAD
Y
2,137,511
MACHINELESS PERMANENT WAVE DEVICE
Filed Jan. 21, 1958
2 Sheet‘s-Sheet 1
ATTORNEYS
Nov. 22, 1938.
2,137,511
A. E. SIERAD
Y MACHINELESS PERMANENT WAVE DEVICE
Filed Ja n. 21, 1938
I13: 40
ZSheetS-Sh‘eet 2
1i "£19742 INVENTOR.
ATTORNEYS
Patented Nov. 22, 1938
2,137,511
UNITED vSTATES PATENT OFFICE
_
2,137,511
MAGHINELESS PERMANENT WAVE DEVICE
Albert E. Sierad, Larchmont, N. Y.
Application January 21, 1938, Serial No. 186,037
7 Claims. (Cl. 132-36)
This invention relates to improvements in ma
chineless permanent wave devices and has for
its object the provision of a machineless perma
nent wave device which will permit the permanent
waving of the-hair at home with a minimumof
apparatus and expense.
A particular object of the invention is the pro
vision of a hair waving device for providing a
permanent wave, in which the waving is expe
dited by a novel method of enclosing two or more
curls within each permanent wave unit.
Fig. 9 is a front view of another embodiment of
wrapper, excluding the envelope for the curls and
heating pad, in which the wrapper is narrower
than in the form shown in Figs. 1 to 6 inclusive.
and in which the insulatingpad is of a different
shape than the insulating pad shown in Figs. 1
to 6 inclusive.
v
‘
Fig. 10 is a front view of still another embodi
ment of wrapper and insulating pad, a sectional
view of which is shown in Fig. 11 on line I I—I l of 10
Fig. 10.
A further object of this invention is the provi
Fig. 12 is still another embodiment of a front
sion of a permanent wave unit for home use,
which will be safe to use, which will be easy and
view of the wrapper and insulating pad slightly
di?erent from the wrapper and insulating pad
shown in Fig. 10.
15
quick to operate, and in which insulating means
are provided by which the chemically generated
heat will be effectually con?ned for the purpose
of forming the permanent wave, and in which
there will be no tendency for the unit to be acci
dentally opened or displaced with consequent loss
of heat and inefficiency of operation.
It should be noted that this improvement in
permanent wave devices belongs to that type of
device in which the heat is chemically and not
electrically generated.
Further objects will be apparent from the
speci?cation and drawings which illustrate pre
The invention comprises the following neces- '
sary elements which are best illustrated with ref
erence to Figs. 3 and 4:
These ?gures show an insulating pad 20 made
of corrugated paper or thelike, which has the
slots 2|.
Different forms of these slots which
serve as guides for the ends of the curls are shown
in Figs. '7 to 12 inclusive. Permanently attached
to the insulating member 20 is the paper wrapper
22, having positioned thereon the pliable and 25
waterproof covering 23, to which is stapled or
otherwise secured the heating pad 24 having a
ferred embodiments thereof, it being understood
cover of tin foil or'the like 25. _ The envelope 24
that the above statement of the objects of my in
vention is intended generally to explain the same
without limiting it in any manner.
Fig. 1 is a perspective view showing a number
of my permanent wave units applied to the hair
contains the usual powder which when wetted
evolves heat, and as this type of heating pad is 30
already well known in the art and forms no part
of my invention, I do not specify any particular
composition for use herein.
of the user of this device.
It should be noted that the slots 2! are so
shaped with a wide angular opening 26, a narrow
central portion and an enlarged end portion 21,
so as to effectively retain the ends of the curls
therein. It should also be noted that the slots 2|
are cut in parallel and in staggered relation to
each other, as shown in Fig. 4, so as to provide the
maximum space for the curls within the cover of
Fig. 2 is an enlarged perspective view showing
one of the units in place and functioning.
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of one of the hair
waving units in open and inoperative position,
showing the manner in which two curls of hair
40 are con?ned upon the surface of a single hair
waving unit.
Fig. 4 is a rear view of the device shown in Fig.
3, showing the manner in which the ends of the
curls shown in Fig. 2 are held Within the unit.
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the unit showing
the manner in which the curls are con?ned within
the unit, but before the outer covering is applied.
Fig. 6 is a sectional view on the line 6-—-B of
Fig. 2.
Fig. '7 shows a front View of a different embodi
ment of the unit, exclusive of the immediate en
velope or container for the curls and the heating
pad.
Fig. 8 is a sectional view on the line 8-8 of
Fig. 7.
the device.
-
In the embodiment shown in Figs. 3 and 4, I
provide room for two curls within a single wrap
per, but it is evident that more than two curls
can be provided within a single wrapper by the
provision of additional slots. The individual
curls C are gathered on ?exible hair pins 28 of
the usual type as shown in Figs. 3, 5 and 6, the be
ginning of .the curl being shown in Fig. 4, as the
ends 29 do not denote the ends of the curls but
the beginning of the curls as they lie adjacent to
the scalp, the scalp being protected from contact
with the rest of the curls and from contact with
the heat engendered in the envelope 24 by the
2
2,137,511
protective pad 20. In this embodiment I have
shown a protective pad 20 made of corrugated
paper board which, on account of its cellular
structure, provides protection to the scalp, is
easily slotted and can be made in a variety of
forms. After the curls C are wound upon the
pins 28, water is applied to the envelope 24, which
is then laid or wrapped around the curls as shown
in Fig. 5. The ends of the wrapper 22 having the
protective layer 23, are then wound tightly around
the envelope and adjacent tin foil sheets .25 and
the whole is effectively secured in place by the
terminal edging 30 which consists of a continua
tion of the body of the wrapper 22, within which
15 is con?ned a ?exible thin metallic elementi3l.
In Figs. 3, 4 and 5 the metallic edging 30 is
shown in the open position, the ends or exten
sions of this edging 30 are indicated as 32 in
Fig. 3. In Fig. 2, these extensions 32 are shown
bent inwardly within the body of the wrapper
so as to securely con?ne the contents of the
wrapper against displacement.
Figs. "7, 9, 1,0 and 12 show different embodi
ments of the wrapper 22 with different forms of
the insulating pad 20 and these ?gures also show
various forms of slots in the insulating pad which
may be varied for convenience. In Fig. 4 the slots
are shown cut horizontally in the body of the
insulating pad, whereas in Figs. 10 and 12 the
V30 slots are shown .cut vertically in the body of the
I claim:
1. A hair wave unit comprising a heat insu
lating member having a slot, a ?exible wrapper
having a slot secured to said heat insulating
member, so that the slot of the latter will regis
ter with the slot of the former; heat generating
means within said ?exible wrapper and a pliable
member to maintain said ?exible wrapper in a
predetermined position.
2. A hair wave unit comprising a heat insu
10
lating member having a plurality of slots formed
thereon to permit the introduction of strands of
hair theret'hrough, a ?exible wrapper having a
plurality of slots secured to said heat insulating
member so that the respective slots will register 15
with each other, heat generating means secured
to said ?exible wrapper and a pliable member
to maintain said ?exible wrapper in a predeter
mined position when the unit is in use.
3. A .hair wave unit for forming a plurality of
curls, comprising a heat insulating member of
rigid, cellular construction having a plurality of
slots formed thereon to permit the introduction
of strands of hair therethrough, a ?exible wrap
perhaving a plurality of slots,.said ?exible wrap- A
per being secured to said heat insulating member
so that the respective slots will register with each
other, heat generating means secured to said ?ex‘ible wrapper and .a pliable metallic bar secured
to said ?exible wrapper, said pliable metallic bar 30
being operative to enclose said heat generating
insulating pad.
means within said ?exible wrapper by joining the
ends of said ?exible Wrapper.
For instance, inFig. '7, 33 indicates staples to
attach .the pads to the outer wrapper, in both
of theseforms the pads being of such shape that
4. A‘hair wave unit comprising a heat insulat
they do not need to be provided with slots. In
the embodiments shown in Figs. '7 to .12 inclu
sive, the envelopes containing the heat produc
ing medium need not be attached to the body of
the wrapper, but can be introduced separately.
4.40 In'Figs. ‘l0 and '12 it will be noted that the curls
maybe easily introduced through the vertical
slots shown, although my preferred embodiment
‘is the .form of pad and slots shown in Figs. 1 to 6
inclusive.
‘In 'Figs. ~‘l to “G‘inclusive ‘the staples 34 are used
to attach all of the parts of the device together,
ing member of rigid, cellular construction hav
ing a plurality of slots formed therein, said slots
‘being ‘formed with wide entrance portions and
so as to form .a single .unit. It is apparent that
means within said ?exible wrapper.
5. A hair wave unit according to claim 4
the shape of the wrapper may be varied, .the
shape of the pad may» be varied, and other
,c’hangesmay be made in the device without de
parting from the spirit of myinvention, the prin
cipal points of which are the novel means shown
for ‘introducing a plurality of curls for perma
nent waving .of this type within a single wrap
.per and also the .means shown for effectively en
closing the curls and accompanying envelope and
wrapper in a single workable unit.
‘In addition to the insulating pad of corrugated
paper 20 shown in the drawings, an additional
pad of like size may be used, but where such an
additional pad is used, the slots in same should
not register with the slots shown in the pad 26
but-should be at an angle to such slots so that
the ends of the hair will be more e?ectually held
by the two non-registering bodies so that the
slots ‘in the additional pad will be at a di?erent
angular relation to ‘the upper pad, and there will ‘
be no coincidence of slots.
constricted thereafter, a ?exible wrapper secured
to said heat insulating member, ‘heat generating
means secured to said ?exible wrapper, said ?ex
ible wrapper having its ends extending beyond
the corresponding ends of said heat insulating
member, and a pliable metallic element secured to
40
one end of said .?exible wrapper and operative
to removably engage the ends of said ?exible
45
wrapper and thus con?ne said heat generating
wherein said ?exible wrapper has superposed
thereon a waterproof covering.
6. A hair wave unit according to claim 4 where 50
in said ?exible wrapper is provided with a plu
rality of slots which register with the slots
formed on the insulating .member.
7. A hair waving unit for forming a plurality
of curls, comprising a heat insulating backing
having a plurality of slots formed thereon, a
?exible wrapper secured to- said backing and ex
tending beyond .the same, heat generating means
secured to said ?exible wrapper, and a pliable
metallic marginal member secured to one end of 60
said ?exible wrapper, said marginal member be
‘ing operative to enclose said heat generating
means within said ?exible wrapper by joining the
ends of said v?exible wrapper.
ALBERT E. SIERAD.
65
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
404 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа