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Патент USA US2137915

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Nov; 22, 1938.
D. H. KINNARD ET AL
2,137,915
TICKET PRINTING AND ISSUING MACHINE
Filed June 9, 1937‘
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INVENTORS
DUDLEY H. KINNARD
HAROLD F0 FORD
ATTORNEYS
' Nov. 22, 1938.
2,137,915
‘D. H. KINNARD at AL’
TICKET PRINTING AND ISSUING" MACHINE I
Filed June 9, 1937
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
7
INVENTORS
DUDLEY H, KIM‘IARD
HAROLD F. FORD
By
.
I
ATTORNEYS
>
Nov. 22, 1938.
D.IH. KINNARD ET AL
2,137,915
TICKET PRINTING AND ISSUING MACHINE
Filed June 9,’ 193'?
5 Sheets-Sheet 5
177
2/6‘ 119
INVENTORS
‘
DUDLEY H. KINNARD
HAROLD F. FORD
ATTORNEYS‘
Patented Nov. 22, 1938
* 2,137,915
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,137,915
TICKET PRINTING AND ISSUING MACHINE‘
Dudley Henry Kinnard, London, and Harold
Francis Ford, Wallington, England, assignors
to “T. I. M.” (Ticket Issue Machines) Limited,
London, England
Application June 9, 1937, Serial No. 147,340
In Great Britain April 3, 1936
2 Claims.
This invention relates to ticket printing and
issuing machines suitable for use on tramcars
and omnibuses and of the type in which the
tickets are printed and issued by a rotary print
5 .ing drum carrying adjustable dies for printing
variable markings such as value, fare stage and
‘class markings.
The object of the present invention is to pro
vide an improved machine of this kind and in
particular to provide improvements which will
an adjusting spindle carrying a clutch member
movable axially into engagement with a clutch
member on the printing drum for the purpose of
adjusting the class marking die and capable of
being disengaged therefrom for the purpose of
permitting rotation of the drum.
The invention will be more clearly understood
from the following description with reference to
the accompanying drawings in which:—
Figure 1 is an end elevation of the machine
enable a very large range of value markings to
constructed according to one form of the inven
be printed and registered without ‘making the
machine unduly bulky or heavy.
tion,
According to one aspect, the invention com
16 prises a machine of the kind referred to wherein
two value setting mechanisms are provided by
which two independently variable value mark
ings can be set up, means being provided for reg
istering the values marked at each operation of
20 the machine.
According to another aspect of the invention
the machine is provided with two adjustable
marking devices controlled by external setting
members through the medium of sliding mem
25 bers mounted to rotate with the printing drum
and to slide axially relatively thereto for the pur
pose of setting registering mechanism by which
the values marked are registered during the ro
tation of the drum in combination with a third
.30 setting mechanism provided to adjust a third
variable marking device and comprising a slid
able spindle adapted to? be moved into engage
ment with an adjusting member on the drum for
the purpose of adjusting the marking device and
35 to be moved out of engagement therewith for the
purpose of permitting rotation of the printing
drum.
According to another aspect, the invention
comprises a machine of the kind referred to
40 wherein three independently operable setting
mechanisms are provided for adjusting three
separate variable marking devices for the pur
pose of enabling any combination of three var
, iable markings ‘to be obtained.
45
(Cl. 235—31)
According to one form of the invention the
Figure 2 is a view of the cover plate of the
machine,
‘
Figure 3 is an end elevation of the machine 15
showing the end opposite that shown in Figure 1,
Figure 4 is a top plan view,
Figure 5 is a sectional view taken on the line
5—5 of Figure 6,
Figure 6 is a rear elevation, the cover plate 120
being removed to reveal the mechanism and cer
tain parts being shown in section, '
Figure 7 is an end view similar to that of
Figure 1 but with the end frame plate removed
to show the mechanism,
Figure 8 is a bottom plan view with the cover
plate (illustrated in Fig. 2) removed and with
certain parts of the mechanism shown in section,
Figure 9 is a representation of a ticket as issued
by the machine, and
‘
l0—l0 of Fig.6.
The casing of the machine shown in the draw
ings comprises a bed plate I, two end frame
plates 2 and 3 projecting downwardly from the 35
ends of the plate I and a removable cover plate
4. The bed plate I also carries a ticket strip
magazine or casing 5 ?xed to the upper side of
the bed plate near one end thereof and having
an open front ?tted with a hinged cover 6. The
casing is provided with lugs la for attachment
to shoulder straps for supporting the machine
upon the person of the conductor in such a way
that the machine can be operated and the hinged
cover 6 opened for replenishment of the ticket 45
machine is provided with one value setting
magazine while the machine is supported on the
mechanism (e. g. a pence value mechanism) ad
shoulder straps.
justed by an external ?nger operated dial plate
through the medium of a sliding setting mem
5.0 ber mounted to rotate with the drum, a second
value setting mechanism (e. g. a shilling mecha
nism) operable by an external adjusting ele
ment. through the medium of a sliding setting
member mounted to rotate with the drum and
55 a class marking setting mechanism comprising
v30
Figure 10‘ is a cross section taken on the line
The cover 6 is held in the closed position by
means of a pair of hooked levers 1 (see especially
Figs. 3 and 6) pivoted to the side walls of the 50
cover 6 and united by a bar 8 which extends
across the front of the cover and is provided
with a ?nger piece 9 by which the levers ‘I can
‘be operated simultaneously. Springs 10 acting on
‘the levers ‘I tend to hold the hooked ends of
2
2,137,915
the levers in engagement with lugs II ?xed to
the bed plate I as shown clearly in Figure 3 of
the drawings, the arrangement being such that
an upward pressure on the ?nger 9 in a direc
tion to open the cover 6 rocks the levers ‘I against
the action of the springs I0 so as to release the
hooked ends of the levers from the lugs I I. The
hooked ends of the levers are preferably shaped
so that they will ride over the lugs II when the
10 cover 6 is closed and snap into the fastened posi
tion automatically.
7
The tickets are printed on a strip taken from
a roll I2 which is inserted into the casing 5 as
shown in Figure 5, so that it rests upon the bed
plate I. The roll I2 is held in place by a wire
frame or arm I3 which is hinged to the casing
5 at I4 so that it can be swung forward to per
mit of the insertion or removal of a ticket strip
roll. A leaf spring I6 ?xed to the hinged cover
6 is arranged as shown in Fig. 5, so that when
the cover 6 is closed the spring I6 limits the
movement of the frame or arm I3 in such a way
as to prevent the escape of the ticket roll from
the space between the frame or arm I6 and the
back of the casing 5.
The bed plate I is formed with an opening I‘!
round which is ?xed a ticket strip guide plate I8
value markings, a class marking the consecutive
number of the ticket, the fare stage, service num
ber and date of issue.
The rotatable dies 35 for printing the service
number and the rotatable dies 35 for printing the L1
date of issue are adjustable directly by hand,
these dies being accessible when the printing drum
is in the rest position shown in the drawings
through an opening in the cover plate 4 normally
closed by a sliding door 3'! (Figure 2) which the 10
conductor can open for the purpose of setting
the dies to print the required service number and
date of issue without removing the cover 4 from
the machine. In Figure 9, the service or route
number is shown at 33 and the date of issue at 39.
The fare stage dies are carried by a pair of rotary
die holders 4!] and 4| (Figure 5) which are jour
nalled upon a common spindle within the print
ing drum and are adjustable to print any one of
a series of numbers from 1 to 99 representing 20
the fare stages as indicated at 42 in Figure 9.
The die holder 40 prints the units digit, while the
die holder 4| prints the tens digit and is coupled
to the die holder 40 by suitable gearing (not
shown) so as to move forward through one step
consisting of a rectangular frame formed with
at the end of each rotation of the die holder 40.
The adjustment of the fare stage dies (see Figs.
5, 6 and 8) is effected by means of an adjusting
upstanding ?anges I9 by which the ticket strip
spindle 43 which is mounted coaxially with the
30 is guided in its passage over the bed plate I to the
exterior of the machine. The hinged cover car
ries a spring loaded pressure roller 20 which en
gages the upper surface of the ticket strip when
the cover 6 is closed so as to press the ticket strip
35 against the guide plate I8 in the manner shown
in Figure 5. The pressure roller is carried be
tween the arms of a U-shaped frame 21 which
is pivoted on a spindle 22 ?xed to the side walls of
the cover 5 and is controlled by a spring 23 tend
40 ing to rock the frame in a direction to move the
roller 20 towards the opening I2’, this movement
being limited by a suitable stop 24. The stop 24 is
so arranged that when the cover is closed the
frame 2i is pushed away from the stop by the en
45 gagement of the ticket strip guide plate I8 with
the roller 20,so,that the ticket strip'is pressed
?rmly against the ticket strip guide plate.
The machine is provided with a printing drum
indicated generally at 25 mounted to rotate about
50 a horizontal axis'beneath t'lie'bed plate I and is
provided with a printing surface which is ar
ranged to print upon the underside of the ticket
strip through the opening I‘! and to feed the
ticket strip forward so as to eject the printed
55 ticket from the machine.
The printing drum is ?xed to a shaft 26 which
extends horizontally across the machine beneath
the bed plate I and is supported at its end remote
from the printing drum by means of a ball bear
ing 21 (Figures 6 and 8) carried by the frame
plate 3. The end of the shaft 25 projects out
side the frame plate 3 and carries a crank handle
28 by which the printing drum is rotated. The
printing drum is supported at the end remote from
65 the bearing 2'! by means of a bearing 29 located in
a recess 39 in the frame plate 2, the printing drum
being supported from this bearing through the
intermediary of a hollow sleeve or casing 3i ?xed
to the printing drum by means of a flange 32.
printing drum so as to be rotatable relatively 30
thereto and is geared to the spindle 44 (to which
the die holder 48 is attached) through the medium
of a pair of bevel wheels 45 and a series of toothed
wheels 46 carried by the printing drum.
The fare stage adjusting spindle 43 is supported
near its inner end by means of a bearing 41 car
ried by the printing drum and projects at its outer
end through the frame plate 2. An external ad
justing wheel 48 is ?xed to the projecting end of
the spindle 43 so that the spindle can be rotated
for the purpose of adjusting the fare stage print
ing dies.
In order to provide an inchcation of the fare
stage to which the fare stage printing dies are ad
justed, a pair of number wheels 49 and 50 ?tted 45
with suitable carrier mechanism (not shown) are
supported within the sleeve 3I by means of bear
ing plates 5| ?xed by screws to the end of the
sleeve and a suitable driving lug (not shown) ?xed
to the spindle and engaging a units number
wheel so as to adjust the number of wheels syn
chronously with the adjustment of the fare stage
printing dies. The relevant numbers on the
wheels 49 and 50 are visible through an opening
52 in the sleeve 3I, the end plate 3a being formed 55
with a corresponding opening 53 which registers
with the opening 52 when the drum is in the nor
mal or rest position shown in the drawings.
The machine is provided with a series of pence
value dies for printing the pence value on the
ticket as indicated at 54 in Figure 9, these dies
being carried on a rotary disc or die holder 55
which is carried by a ?xed spindle 56 mounted
in the printing drum and is controlled by a slid
ing rack 51 (see Figs. 5 and 8) which is guided 65
in a bracket 58 ?xed to the printing drum and
meshes with a pinion 59 ?xed to the die holder
55 and rotatable therewith on the spindle 53.
The rack 51 is ?xed at its end remote from the
printing drum to a bracket 60 ?xed to a yoke 70
The main printing surface of the drum which is
indicated generally at 33 in Figure 5, comprises ' ring BI which is mounted to slide on a square
a number of ?xed dies adapted to print the frame
portion of the shaft 26. The yoke ring 6I is lo
or border 34 (Figure 9) and other invariable parts
cated and controlled as regards its sliding move
of the ticket illustrated in Figure 9 and a number
ment on the shaft 26 by means of a yoke 62 car
of adjustable dies for printing on the ticket the
ried by the sliding rack 63 which is guided in
3
2,137.915
brackets 64 ?xed to the bed plate I and which
. , The machine is provided with a number of
meshes with a toothed pinion 65 carried by a
registering counters 81a, 81b . . . 81c mounted on
spindle 66 supported by the bed plate I. The
spindle 66 projects through the bed plate I and
spindles 88 disposed parallel to the shaft 26, the
carries at its upper end a dial plate 61 (Figure
4) formed with a series of ?nger holes 68 each
one of which corresponds to one of the series of
pence values to which the machine can be ad
justed. The dial plate 61 is normally held in
10 the position shown by means of a spring 69 10-‘
oated between the spindle 66 and a boss or hous
ing 10 ?xed to the bed plate I.
The conductor
counters being arranged in such a way that they
can be read through openings formed in the cover 5
4 as shown in Figure 2. These spindles are at
tached at their ends to metal plates 89, 90, so
that the spindles 88 of the counters and plates
89, 98, constitute a self-supporting skeleton frame
so that the whole of the counters can be detached 10
from the machine as a unit. Access to the in
terior of the machine for reading the counters is
can adjust the dial plate to any one of a number ' unnecessary, however, as the various records are
of positions corresponding to the different posi
15 tions to which the yoke ring BI is adjustable for
printing different pence fare values by placing his
?nger in one of the holes 68 and rotating the plate
61 until his ?nger is arrested by a ?nger stop ‘H
disposed above the plate 61. The ?nger stop ‘H
20 is carried at one end of a two-armed lever 12
pivoted at '125 and formed with a pawl 13 whichv
cooperates with a ratchet wheel 14 ?xed to' the
spindle 66, the arrangement being such that the
pressure of the ?nger on the stop ‘II when the
dial plate 67 is adjusted as described above causes
the pawl 13 to engage one of the teeth of the
ratchet wheel 14 for the purpose of holding the
dial plate 5'! in its adjusted position against the
action of the spring 69. Indication ticket values
75 are marked on the dial plate adjacent the
?nger holes as shown in Figure 4. The indica
tion against each hole corresponding to the pence
value to which the machine will be adjusted by
placing the ?nger in that hole and rotating the
dial plate until the ?nger is arrested by the
stop ‘H.
The machine is provided with dies for printing
shillings values additional to those for printing
the pence values. The shillings value printing
dies are carried by a rotary disc or die holder
40 16 which is mounted side by side with the die
holder 55 on the spindle 56 and is controlled by
a sliding rack 11 similar to the rack 51 and is
similarly guided in the bracket 58. The rack 11
meshes with a pinion ‘l8 ?xed to the die holder
45 ‘16. The rack 11 is attached at its end remote
from the printing drum to a yoke ring 19 mount
ed to slide on the square portion of the shaft 26.
This ring 19 is located-between the drum and
the ring BI and is provided with an opening to
50 accommodate the rack 51 which passes from the
drum through the yoke ring 19 to the bracket 60
on the yoke ring 6|. The ring 19 is controlled as
regards its sliding movements on the shaft 26 by
means of a yoke 86 carried by a sliding rack B!
55 which is guided in the brackets 64 fixed to the
bed plate I and meshes with a toothed pinion 82
carried by a spindle 83 supported by the bed
plate 5. The spindle 83 projects through the bed
plate I in front of the spindle 66‘and beneath
60 the dial plate 6‘! and carries an external lever
arm 84 which can be rotated by hand for the
purpose of imparting sliding movement of the
yoke ring 19 and adjusting the shillings value
printing dies 16. Indications of the value to
65 which the shillings printing dies can be adjusted
are marked on the bed plate I in the path of the
end of the lever arm 84 as shown at 85 in Figure
4 so as to indicate the adjustment of the machine.
order to provide for issuing a ticket of 1/2d.
value the printing wheel 16 carries in addition
to a number of shillings value dies a 1Agd. value
die. The marking shown at 86 on the plate I
indicates the position to which the arm‘ 84 must
75
be adjusted in order to print a 1/2d. value.
all visible through openings in the cover 4 (see
Figure 2) without unsealing the machine. The 15
counter We which is adapted to register the total
pence value, i. e., the total value printed by the
pence die holder 55 after being adjusted to the
required amount by operation of the wheel 61 is
operated by a series of mutilated gear wheels or 20
toothed discs 9| mounted side by side on a sleeve
52 ?xed to the disc 6| and adapted to slide as a
whole on the shaft 26.
The counterBle is provided with a toothed
wheel 93 adapted to be driven by the teeth on the 25
discs 9| when the spindle 26 is rotated by the
handle 28 for printing and issuing a ticket.
The teeth on the discs 9| are arranged in pro
gressive order starting with one tooth on the ?rst
disc, i. e., that shown at the extreme right in Fig. 30
6 to eleven teeth or any number corresponding
to the pence value markings 15 on the dial
plate 61.
‘
When the machine is adjusted to print a penny
ticket the discs are moved along the shaft 26.
through the medium of yoke 62, and rack 63,
to a position wherein the disc carrying one tooth
is brought in alignment with the toothed wheel
53 on the counter 81c so that a single rotation
of the shaft 26 will cause the counter 81a to 40
be advanced by the amount corresponding to one
penny.
Further rotation of ‘the dial plate 61
to set the machine at a higher pence value causes
the discs 9! to be moved bodily to the right so
that successive discs are brought into line with 45
the toothed wheel 93. Thus each disc 9! cor
responds to a particular pence value and the
number of teeth on ‘each disc is chosen to ac
cord‘ with the pence value to which it corre
sponds. It is convenient to take a 1d. as the unit
of value so that the counter ‘will be advanced
through one unit for every. 1d. of unit of value
printed.
'
'
The total value of shillings is registered on
a counter which is operated by a series of muti 55
lated gear wheels or tooth discs 94 similar to
the discs 96 and which are adapted to be moved
along the shaft 26 by the yoke 86 attached to
the shillings adjustment rack 8i. There are four
toothed discs 94 corresponding to the four ad 60
justments of the arm 84 and another toothed
disc 95 is provided for recording the number of
1[2d values on a counter (not shown). Each
of these toothed discs is provided with an ap—
propriate number of teeth so that whenthe arm 65
8!; is adjusted to print a particular value the
particular toothed disc through the medium of
pinion 82, rack 8i, and yoke 86 is brought into
line with the driving wheel on the shilling
counter and upon rotation of the shaft 25 the 70
amount corresponding to the number of shillings
printed is registered. Similarly when the arm
84 is placed at 1/2d. the toothed disc 95 is brought
into line with its corresponding counter and
is registered in the same way.
75
4
2,137,915
The die holder ‘I5 has a blank portion which
can be brought into the printing position by
moving the arm 84 to the position marked blank
in Fig. 4, so as to prevent any value from being
printed in the shillings and 1/2d. position when
not required. In this position of the arm 84,
all the discs 94 and 95 are moved out of line
with the driving wheels of their respective
counters so that the counters are unaffected by
10 the rotation of the shaft 26. The mechanism is
so arranged that when the discs 94 are in the
position just described the sleeve on which they
are mounted acts as a stop limiting the move
ment of the discs 9i towards the left as seen
in Fig. 8, and preventing the ?nger dial return
ing to its normal blank position as seen in Fig. 4.
When the ?nger pawl 13 is released, the discs
9| are moved automatically to the left under
the action of the spring 69 acting on the dial
plate 61. In order to prevent inadvertent dis
placement of the discs 94 under the action of
the spring 69, a spring loaded latch 96 is pro
vided for holding the arm 84 in the “blank”
position. When the latch 96 is fastened the dial
plate 6'! and the die holder 55 cannot be moved
to the “blank” position. Movement of the arm
84 to the 1/2d. value or to any of the shilling
values, however, causes the discs 94 to move
to the left as seen in Fig. 8 and frees the discs
30 9I for movement towards the left suf?ciently to
bring a blank part of the variable die holder 55
into the printing position.
The corresponding movement of the discs 6|
brings all the toothed discs 9I clear of the driv
ing wheel of the counter 8'Ie so that nothing
is registered on the total pence value counter.
The class dies for printing the class indica
fions as shown at 96 in Fig. 9 are carried by
a rotary die holder 91 mounted on the printing
drum 25 as shown in Figs. 5, 6 and 8. This
holder is adjustable by means of an adjusting
spindle 99 slidably and rotatably mounted in a
framework 99 ?xed to the bed plate I of the
machine and projecting at one end through the
frame plate 3, an external ?nger disc I00 being
mounted on the projecting end of the spindle as
shown.
The spindle IN on which the die holder is
mounted carries a clutch member I02 and is
controlled by a spring I03 which normally urges
the spindle to the right as seen in Figure 8 so
as to hold the clutch member I02 in engage
ment with a clutch member I04 ?xed to the
bers I02 and I04 cannot occur until both the
clutch members I08 and I09 are in engagement
and the pin I 05 is disengaged from the holes
I06 in the framework 99 by moving the spindle
98 to the left,
In the machine shown in the drawings, the
adjustable die holder 91 is adapted to print any
one of six different class markings, e. g. "mid
day”, “child’s”, “ordinary workmen’s”, "work
10
men’s returns” and “ordinary returns”.
In order to provide a registration of the total
number of tickets of a particular class or group of
classes, a pawl or tappet member I I0 mounted to
rock about a pivot III on the drum 25 is formed
with a projection II2 which can be moved into 15
or out of line with a driving wheel of the counter
81a mounted adjacent the drum. The tappet
member H0 has a pin or projection II3 adapted
to engage any one of a series of recesses in the
die holder 91.
A spring IIIa tends to rock the 20
member I I0 to the left as seen in Figure 6 so as to
withdraw the projection II2 from the operative
position at the same time causing the projection
II3 to enter one of the recesses in the die holder
91. The recesses in the die holder are so arranged 25
that when the die holder is adjusted to print a
class marking which is not to be registered on the
counter 81a the pin enters one of the recesses so
that the tappet member I I0 is inoperative. When
the die holder 91 is adjusted to other positions, 30
however, the pin I I3 is forced out of the hole and
rides on the wall of the die holder 91 so that the
tappet member is held in the operative position
against the action of the spring IIIa and upon
rotation of the drum 25 the projection II2 en
gages with the driving wheel of the counter 81a
to advance the counter one step for each rota
tion of the printing drum.
The machine shown in the drawings is pro
vided with check counters 81c and 81d driven 40
synchronously with the pence and shillings count
ers.
The shillings check counter 810 is driven
by the toothed discs 94 and the pence check
counter 81d is driven by the toothed discs 9| in
the manner previously described. These check
counters serve to reveal any errors due to faults
in the mechanism of the counters.
A further registering counter 81d for register
ing the total number of rotations of the drum is
provided and this counter is actuated by a projec
drum 25 and adapted to lock the die holder 91
in any one of its printing positions. The ad
tion I I4 provided on the shaft 26 which advances
the counter one unit for each rotation of the
handle 28. The printing of the consecutive num
ber of the ticket indicated at I I5 in Figure 9 is ef
fected by a set of numbering wheels I I6 carried by
justing spindle 98 carries a pin I05 adapted to
the printing drum 25 (see Figure 8) and adapted
engage any one of a ring of holes I06 formed
in the framework 99 of the machine and is con
to be advanced one step every time the printing
drum is rotated. The numbering wheels are ac
tuated by a ?xed cam plate II'I (see Figures 5, 6
trolled by a spring I01 which normally urges
60 the spindle 98 to the right as seen in Figure 8
so as to hold the pin I05 in engagement with
one of the holes I06 and lock the spindle in any
one of a number of angular positions correspond
ing to those of the spindle IOI. The spindle 98
is mounted so as to be in alignment with the
spindle I 0| when the drum is in the normal or
rest position shown in the drawings and a clutch
member I08 provided on one end of the spindle
98 is adapted to engage a clutch member I09
provided on the spindle IOI so that the adjust
ment spindle 98 can be coupled to the spindle
IN by movement of the spindle 98 to the left
as seen in Figure 8 for the purpose of adjusting
the class die holder. The parts are so con
structed that disengagement of the clutch mem
and 8) having a circular edge engaging between 60
the teeth of a gear wheel II8 meshing with an
other gear wheel II9 mounted on the spindle of
the numbering wheels I I6. The cam plate has
a part I20 which is turned radially inwards as
shown in Figure 5 so that as the drum 25 rotates
the part I20 of the cam turns the wheel II8
through the space of one tooth and advances the
numbering wheel one unit and brings a successive
tooth into engagement with the inner edge of the
cam plate I I1. Some part of the edge of the cam
plate I I1 is always engaged between two teeth of
the wheel II8, so that this wheel is positively
controlled at all times and accidental displace
ment thereof is prevented.
The machine is ?tted with an inking device 75
2,137,915
consisting of an inked froller 'I2I mounted one»
frame or bracket I22 which is supported on a
spindle I23 ?xed to the frame of the machine'and
is pressed towards the printing drum by two
springs I24 Whose movement is limited by a stop
I25. The ink supply roller I26 carried by the
frame I2‘! is pressed against the inking roller by
springs I28. The ink supply roller I26 is located
adjacent the door 31 in the cover plate 4 through
10 which the service number and date of issue print
ing wheels are adjusted, the door opening being
adapted also to provide access to the inking sup
ply roller for the purpose of replenishing it with
ink.
The frame 2I carrying the pressure roller 29
carries a serrated knife edge I29 located close to
the surface of the bed plate I at a point where the
ticket issues from the machine so that the ticket
can be torn off against this knife edge by hand.
20 The portion of the ticket strip indicated at x
in Figure 5 extending between the pressure roll~
er and the knife edge is printed upon by a portion
of the fixed surface of the printing face 33 and
when a ticket is torn o? against the knife edge
£29 the part a: of the ticket strip remains behind
and forms. a part of the next ticket strip. The
part :c of the ticket therefore forms part of the
next‘ ticket issued and must consequently consti
tute one of the invariable parts of the ticket. In
30 the machine shown in the drawings the surface
33 prints a notice as indicated at I39 in Figure 9.
In order to prevent the drum from being ro
tated when either of the value die adjusting de
vices are incorrectly adjusted and also to pre
35 vent movement of the value die adjusting devices
after the drum has been moved away from its
5
wheels 49 and 50 indicate through window I44
the required fare stage. The conductor will usu
ally adjust the fare stage marking device in this
way as the vehicle enters the successive stages,
but in the event of a passenger being carried
beyond the stage at which he boarded the Ve
hicle before the vconductor issued his ticket, the
fare printing device can easily be adjusted prior
to the issue of that passenger’s ticket to indi
cate ‘the correct stage at which the» vehicle was
boarded by the passenger.
The conductor adjusts the spindle 98 in ac
cordance with the class of ticket which is to be
issuedby pushing the spindle~98 inwards against
the action of thespringIIl'I and rotating the 15
wheel I00 until the indicating disc I42 shows the
required, class marking through, the window I43
and then allows the spindle 98 to return to its
normal position under the in?uence ofthe spring
III'I.
If a ticket of any value from id. to 11d. is to be
issued the arm 84 is adjusted to the blank posi
tion and the ?nger dial 6'! is then adjusted to
the‘value of ticket required. The conductor
then releases the stop lever I36 and rotates the 25
crank handle 28 through one revolution.
The
consequent rotation of the printing drum prints
and issues a ticket marked with the fare stage,
class and value markings to which the machine
is adjusted and registers the issue of this ticket
on the total counter 8Tb, the total pence counter
B'Ie and if required further indication of the
class of ticket'issued on the counter 81a.
For the purpose of issuing a ticket of a value
not provided for by the value setting mecha 35
nism controlled by the ?nger dial 61, i. e., a
normal or rest position, a toothed bar or comb
ticket having a value of more than 11d., the con~
I3! is ?xed in the machine as shown in Figures 6
and 8 in such a way that the edges of the discs
~10 94 and 9| are engaged between the teeth of the
comb I 8I in any one of the several positions to
which the discs maybe adjusted. Each of the
discs 94 and 9i is provided with a recess I32 which
registers with the comb I3I when the drum is in
ductor adjusts the arm 84 to the required value
and then the ?nger dial 6'I to the required num
ber of pence and operates the machine in the
same Way, the shillings value being recorded on
its respective counter.
If the conductor is required to- issue a ticket
of a value not speci?cally provided for by the
the normal or rest position so as to permit axial
dies in the machine, he can make up the re
movement of the discs 94 and SI for the purpose
quired value by two operations of the printing
drum, stopping after the ?rst revolution to ad
just the ?nger dial 61 and arm 84, and then
of adjusting the fare value, while the drum is in
the normal or rest position.
In order to prevent reverse rotation of the drum
the spindle 26 carries a ratchet wheel I33 which
is located in the end plate 3 and is engaged by a
pggvl I34 which is held in position by a leaf spring
Mounted on the outside of the frame plate 3
55 is a lever I36 carrying a pin I31 which projects
through an opening in the end plate and is en
gaged by a leaf spring I38 which normally holds
the lever in the position shown so that a lug
I39 formed on this lever lies in the path of a
45
proceeding to issue a double ticket before sever
ing the printed portion on the knife edge I29.
When the ticket roll I2 is exhausted the con
ductor opens the cover 6 by exerting an upward
pressure on the ?nger piece 9 and releasing the
arm 1 from the lugs II, and inserting a new
50
ticket roll.
55
In order to give the conductor warning when
the ticket roll is nearly exhausted, the ticket strip
may be marked with a colored line or other in
dication for a sufficient distance from the end
thereby preventing accidental rotation ‘of the
of the strip. Alternatively, the magazine cover 60
6 may be provided with a window through which
an indicator preferably in the form of a red
colored disc or plate becomes visible when the
ticket roll is nearing exhaustion. This indicator
65 crank handle beyond this position. The lever
I36 has a projection I4I which is located in a
may be mounted on an arm bearing against the 65
roll or an element movable therewith and main
position convenient to the hand of the operator
and permits the lever to be moved against the
action of the leaf spring I38 into a position in
70 which the lug I39 is clear of the path of the
pin I40 'so that the crank handle 28 can be ro
tated when required.
tained in such engagement by means of a spring
so that when the roll is reduced to a predeter
mined diameter the indicator appears beneath
the window to warn the conductor that the 70
60 pin I40 carried by the crank handle 28.
The
engagement of the lug I39 with the pin I49 ar
rests the handle 28 when the drum 25 is in the
normal or rest position shown in the drawings,
In the use of the machine the conductor ad
justs the fare stage by rotating the wheel 48
75
backwards or forwards until the numbering
magazine will shortly require replenishing.
The machine described with reference to the
accompanying drawings is a portable machine
adapted for use on tramcars, motor buses and
the like vehicles but the machine may be adapt 75
6
ed without material alterations in its construc
tion to operate at a ?xed point as for issuing
railway or other tickets at a booking oilice or
other ?xed station.
Moreover a non-portable
machine substantially similar in construction
and operation to that described with reference
to the accompanying drawings may be associated
with an electric motor for rotating the printing
drum shaft, suitable clutch mechanism being
provided for the purpose of obtaining a single
rotation of the printing drum shaft at every op
eration of a switch or other control.
We claim:
1. A ticket printing and issuing machine of
15 the class described comprising a printing drum
having two; independently adjustable printing
devices for printing variable value markings,
registering devices for said printing devices, a
shaft ?xed to the printing drum, actuating de
vices for the registering devices, a separate ex
justable to a blank position in which it prints
no value marking, and said adjusting members
being arranged so that the movement of either
of said members resulting from adjustment of
the corresponding value printing device to the
blank position causes the other value printing
device to be adjusted to a value printing posi
tion, thereby preventing simultaneous adjust
ment of both adjustable value printing devices
to blank positions.
2. A ticket printing and issuing machine of
the class described comprising a printing drum
having two independently adjustable printing
devices for printing variable value markings,
registering devices for said printing devices and
a separate external setting member for each of
said printing devices, each of said adjustable
value printing devices being adjustable to a blank
position in which it prints no value marking, and
means operative by movement of either of said
ternal setting member for each of said printing
devices, and an adjusting member coupled to
setting members to adjust the corresponding
,each of said printing and actuating devices and
move the other value printing device to a value
to the respective setting member and mounted
25 to slide on and rotate with said shaft, each of
said adjustable value printing devices being ad
value printing device to the blank position to
printing position.
DUDLEY HENRY KINNARD.
HAROLD FRANCIS FORD.
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