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Патент USA US2137956

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Nov. 22, 1938.
J. w. SCHIEBER _
2,137,956
NONREFILLABLE ATTACHMENT
. File'd Rev. 1, 1937
i \.
m.
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
2
2,137,956
I j
coupling, holding and spout element or member
There is associated with the element I a com
of sleeve-like form generally indicated at I. The
inner face of the element I is of circular form at
any transverse sectional point thereof. The ele
ment I consists of a body part 2 formed of any
bined housing and ?uid ‘conducting element 24
which is positioned in element I and may or may
suitable impervious material, preferably porce
lain, but it is to be understood that body part 2
not be partly or completely integral with element
I. Preferably, the element 24 will not be formed
integral with element I. The element 24 is con
structed from any suitable material, preferably
may be constructed of any desirable material.
of a material similar to that from which element
The inner face of body part 2 is formed of por
I is constructed. The element 24 is hollow, closed
at its top and open at its sidesand rear. The ele 10
tions 3, 4, 5, 6, ‘I, 8, 9,-and I0. Therouterlfa‘ce of
body part 2 is formed of portions II,_'_-I2,fI_3,--I4
ment 24 comprises a forwardpart 25,g.an"inter
mediate part 26 and a rear or inner part 26. The
and I5,
With respect to the inner face of body part 2'
the portion 3 is of greater length than the por
15 tions 4, 5, 6 and ‘I. The portion 3'7is of uniform'
diameter and of less diameter thanwthelportions
4, 5, 6, ‘I, 9 and I0. The portion 4 merges'into
the portion 3 and into the portion 53 The portion
4 gradually increases in diameter from portion .3
20 to portion 5. The portion 4 is of less length than
the portion 5. The latter is of uniforr'ndiameter
and of greater lengththan the. portion 4. The
portion 6 is inversely flared and merges into the
portion 5, but is of less length than-'portion-5.
25. The portion 1 is of uniform diameter and merges
part 25 includes a lower portion 28 of substan
tially rectangular contour formed with oppositely
curved end edges 29, 30, a ?at upper face and 15
side edges 3I, 32, each formed centrally thereof
with an outwardly directed curved projection 33.
The: part 25 includes anlupper portion 35 rectan
. gular in plan and of segmental contour in trans
verse cross section. The portion 34 is integral 20
with the upper face and spaced from the edges
29, 30, 3I, 32 of portion 28. The end edges of the '
portion‘34
from the edges
form 29,
shoulders
39 of portion.;28'.i.-"I'he»edges
35 disposedlxinwardly
3|, 32 of the portion 28,. asiwellias-the edges of 25 :2
the projections 34 are inwardly-beveled, 'asat 33. ‘I
The part 25 merges into' the outer; end'of part ~
shoulders. The shoulder provided. by the portion - 26 and the inner end of the. latter: merges‘ into
into the portion 6. The portion‘ ‘I is of ‘less length
than portion 5. The portions 6 and'l‘constitute
B is inversely flared. The‘shoulder provided vby
30 ‘the portion 8 is at the junction’ of‘ the portions ‘I
and 9 and extends laterally’ from the inner end
of portion ‘I. The portion 9 'isyof greater'diameter
the outer end of part 21. The edges 3|, >32 and
projections 34 overhanglthe‘outer-ends of one
pair of opposed sides of the part 26. :w
- -
'
"
The :major portions 3'! of the outer faces'of'the than the other portions of the inner face of the ' said one pair of opposed sides of-thepart' 26' are"
body part 2 with the exception bf'the‘ portion III. ?at and incline. inwardly throughout-ifromithe
The portion 9 is of uniform‘ diameter throughout. ’ top/of part2‘! to the bottom of part 128.1 The‘ face
The portion III is threaded as at "I6 and is pro- . portions 31 increase in width from part-'26ito-~
vided with a pair of diametrically opposed grooves part 25. The remaining'portions: of ‘the outer
I1, I8 which intersect the threads I6. That'pa‘rt
of the element I having the'in'ner face portion 3
constitutes a spout
I9.
’
I
"
'
With respect to the outer face of the body part
45
2, the portion I2 is inversely ?ared, the ‘portion I3
merges into the portion ‘I2 and gradually‘ in
creases in diameter to its’point' of mergenc'e’with
the portion I4. The latter is'disp‘osed outwardly
with respect to the inner end of the portion I3
and is of curved contour.‘ The portion I5 is of
faces of the said opposed sides arevupon ai'seg-v ‘
ment of a circle. The outer‘v faces of theotheri"
pair of opposed sides of the part 26-"are upon a
segment of a circle. The part 21 is of uniform ~
outer diameter. The part 26 is tapered and-sub- stantially of oval contour in horizontal section. V
The element 24 is formed lengthwise thereof with
a pair of diametrically alignedislots 38 which ex
tend from a point removed from the outer? ends
of the ?at inclined face portions 31' into-and to
uniform diameter and is ofhless length than the, a point removed from theiinner end of'the part
portion I3. Thelatter is of greater lengthfthan
50 any of the portions of the outer, face of bodypart
2. The portion“ of the body part ‘2 merges at
its outer end into the inner end ofv the portion I I.
The latter gradually increases
55
wards its free end.
.
e
_ diameter to-v
..
c
.3
V.
.
With reference to Figural, the breastlof the
body part of a bottle is indicated at;2l_l.'and has
extended therefrom a neck '2I formed with a
peripheral annular shoulder 22. and peripheral
21.
The slots have inwardly inclinedj portions
disposed in the part- 25 and vertical iportions-‘ar-‘i
ranged in the part- 21-‘ and‘ inithis co‘nnec'tion'at
tention is directed to Figure 4. 1 The-slots 38 de-' '
crease in width towards part-25 landconstitute ‘
flui'd'outlets and air intakes for the‘ container." 1 '
The inner face’ of the part 21- ofelement 2,4'is7
rabb'eted to provide an annular shoulder 39 in
close proximity to the inner endof said part;
The'inner face 40 of side “or the‘ element 24 has
formed integral therewith a set ‘of ‘spaced webs ‘
60 threads 23. The portion II] of the inner face of ' 42', 43 and 44 which extend from1the'shoulder539' Gal".
the element I constitutes a coupling means for > to a point in proximity to the upper‘end'of the
the purpose of ‘connecting the element to the
neck of the bottle. i The inner face of portion I0
threadably engages with the threads of the neck.
part 26 of element 24.‘ The webs of the set are
spaced equi-distant from each other. "I ' '
‘The inner face 45 of side 46 of the-e1ement'24
65 Prior to the engagement of the element I with ; has formed integral therewith a set of spaced
the neck ofrthe bottle, the threads on the bottle
neck are provided with cement whereby when the
element I is connected to ‘the bottle, the connec
tion is not only had by the'coacting threads but
further by the cement. Furthermorethe using
of the cement provides-a" seal-tightconnection
between the attachment and‘the bottleneck and
under such conditions the"attachmentcan_not- be
removed from the bottle neck unless'the bottle
' ..neck is broken off or'theatta‘chmen‘t broken.
Webs 41, 48 and 49v which: extend from the shoul
der'39 to a point in proximity-Ito the upper end '
of the part‘26 of element 24. The webs 41, 48,19
are spaced equi-distant-fr'om each} other. The ‘
webs 42, 43 and >44 are'disposed in spaced align
ment with respect‘to'the webs 41,‘ 43 and 49 re
spectively. The webs 42, “project inwardly be
yond the'web 43. The webs'4‘I, 49 project inward
ly- beyond the web 48/ The inner faceof‘the part
25 of element | is formed to‘ provide a‘s'eat ‘50'
2,137,956.53
ture. Wherr‘th‘enbottleiisirfilled f?rst; the liquid:
for a globular lweightingi-membento be referred-tot:
The 1webs42;i43"and' 44 coact‘to torm'conducting-t; These-valves; willireleasablyl stickz'together.
o?' passages as ‘indicated? at ‘51 i The webs 411148"? recess-2.63 functionsxt‘toiiprovide an‘. air packet
and? 49rl'coa'cti tovprovide ‘conducting-tori‘ :passages: 1i which? also tends ‘itol ireleasably: connect the valves
5 I‘=52. ‘ Theiwebs 42 and 44 coact with theinnerliface‘ 1 together. Under normal conditions when the.con-'
of element 2 4~to provide conducting-off: passages ' tents‘ ofvsthe 1 containerztare" being: discharged, the
53; ‘I The ‘websi?é 49i'c'oactiwith-thelinner face of- # valves 60-‘, vv6ft bodily-lmove-together in‘ unison, as‘.
therelement 241to ‘forml-condudtin'g=o?»passages J they‘are releasablyt connected together. in‘. a man
54. ' Thelweb 425‘coac‘ts lwithlilthe'lweb' 411' and the. - ner aseaforesaidu Now, ‘if a surreptitious attempt 10:;
10-3 web 44 coacts with‘the web49ito form conducting~P is‘imadeito‘ re?ll'ithe'lcontainer with liquid after.
off passages! 55,-»56ewhich also function as-guideié thelcontentst‘ofithéilatterrhave been discharged, '
passages for valvular elements? toibe referred to.--~ theiliquid'r. will enter the groove ‘provided: by the
The web~42coacts with~~the~web41l and-the web - part‘; 62=i of Yvalv‘e'" 60' when the‘: latter. is releasably
44 coactswith the web-49ltolprovidewhat ‘may be connected to‘ the valve‘ ‘665 and as the‘liquid enters 153i
15533ermed ‘arrestorsto prevent ‘the revolving of their thégroovegtherush of liquid tends to exert pres
valve 'elements- to be referred -to;.~‘1 ‘
surellon'th‘e valvesi-?llg-"iiiireleasingone from the
When the element~24i is positioned‘ within-‘the other ~and forcing the valve‘??l'which is the buoy
element‘ I, ‘the'ends of the‘flat upper 'face'of the ant'ivalve againstitsivalve- seat to' be referred to 1
2M:
lower'p‘ortion 28'of the part 25"‘abut‘the shoulder“ and’- {close a the A container. ‘
2m‘I=‘provir.ied by the portion'8 of the inner face of ele-"
'I’he'attachmentiincludes'a valve seat forming
ment l.‘ The'parts ZG‘an‘d'2'l‘of‘the'element 24 element'ili?i‘liwhich is inserted in-the-element 24
oppose~ the'portion'? of theinner face‘of 'the'ele'e" and- bears ‘against the shoulder 39; ~‘ The element
69 is infthesformof an annulus indicated at 10 2519
e1ement"2 4 ‘ being extended‘ from‘fthe'portion ‘9 or
and thelannuluslha's its upper-face provided with
2515theinnerfaceof element"! thereby'providing'a ' an‘ annularlrib-? Iv which vhas its inner face flush
each"
pair ‘of ‘oppositely extending channels ‘51 ,“-58
being common‘
to intake‘and' discharge; ' The "
channels’5'l', '58Popen' into an iair‘and “contents
receiving‘sp'ace ‘59 provided ‘by the "portions '4
3W’and 5 of the-inner face of'element'l. The space
59 opens into the inner‘end'of thespout;
'
with: the ‘inner. edge o-fithe?annuluse 'The rib ‘H
constitutes a valve:lseati--foriithe~valve 66.~= The
valve seatziformi‘ng-ielement 69 isiconstructed of ~
any»suit'ablematerialiandatheIrib ~"ll has its outer 303%;
diameter. slightly less than the diameter of the
disc-like ‘part1 61 :of'thel valve 66; -'
space 59lis of a size-to receive ‘su?icient air where
Prior tort'helconnecting‘lof" the'ielernent .I' to the
by when discharge of the ‘contents is had; the flow" necki'of.theicontainer, a resilient washer ‘I2 is
will be~even due to the'necessary amount of air mounted on thef'edge ‘l3'i‘latithe-wmouth of the .3535)
to the’interior of the bottle or container." bottle; -' i
The element 24-wil1 beretain‘edin the'element l Withreference 1 to? Figures113, .1 14 at 15,v the 1
in a manner'ashereinafter referred to."
nonh'buoyant'valve element'is indicated at 14 and"
The attachment includes a non-'buoyant-conv it is of ‘the same construction as the element 60
trolling valve and a buoyant" controlling- valve: ' with this exception: that the'element'M is not 4(1):.
4011The- non-buoyant- controlling: valve‘may be of provided with the ears '64.
theform shown in’ Figure 10-, or'the-form shown <
With reference to Figures 18 and’ 19, the buoy!
in Figure 13; The buoyant ‘controlling valve ‘may »' antvalve‘element-illustrated thereby is indicated
be in the'form‘ shown in Figure 16 or in the form at '1 5 ‘andeit -is lot vthe ‘same > construction ‘as the
shown in Figure 18." The non-buoyant control--v - element-66with-thisfexception that element'l? is
Liz'ruling valve shown’ in ~Fig'i1re‘l0 is-indicat'ed--gen'-_ I not provided with they-ears 68-.
~
erally‘ at B0 and consists of a circuI'ar-dis'c-Iike :
The attachment includes 1a weighting element
having
a
depending
circular-part
62
a:
body part 6!
16 of .globularform-and is arranged in~the ele
of less diameterwthan' the part 6|. '-The~p~art"62’ ~ ment 24 .and'interposed between the valve 553 ‘and
axially thereof is formed with a‘ circularv'recess 63-211 the seat .50‘. .The . weighting element 1 6- normally
5m-.Integralvwiththe part» 6|»is a pair of oppositely tends to maintain» the. valves 60,’ 66. or“, v‘l5 in
extending- ears 64-disposed- in 'diametric relation > abutting relation andafurthercacts to maintain
with respect to part Gli-l The lears- B4 are ?ush » the valve 66' 'or 15 “against its seat. ‘H.- r The ele
with the upper face - 65 of [part St. The ears 64"; ment 16 is freely movable within element 2%. The
are not flush with-‘thei' lower face‘ of part‘ Bl; weighting .element‘can ,be' ‘constructed of any
55-..aThe valve 60 is to be arranged in the element-1 - suitable material. . ‘
»
and when so arranged has its ears" 64- positioned =l
‘With referencetouFig‘ure 4 the container is
illustrated'as‘ being ‘in a position for discharge
tween the'webs 42 41 and the‘ otherl~earibetweeni~ ' of thei'contents from the‘ container. The dis
charge‘ from’a container'may only. be had when
the webs $44, 49'."
Bma The buoyant valvularE element shown in IFig‘; ‘ the container is disposed at an obtuse angle.
With'reference to'Figure .4, the arrows ‘H in
ure
suitable
161is material
indicatedpossessing
at 66 and is
a buoyant
formed fromiany
. charac'e 2~
dicate the discharge of the contents vandthe a1"
teristic; The valvular elementl?iiliconsists- of'a : rows 18 indicatethe'intakelofthe air. Wnenthe .
circular body‘ ‘part '61! of disc-like form‘ provided'?v container is in the positionshown in Figure ‘i, 65.4",
65;:With a pair of oppositely extending-Years‘ 68$dis41r: the valves move in unisonfrom the seat TH and.
posed in diametric relation‘iwithfrespectto ‘the 7 carry the weighting element 16‘ therewith.‘ As
body part 61." Element'GGi'is torbeiarranged in 1'. the valves andweightingelement vmove in an out
element 24 and when so‘ arranged; it ‘is disposed - ward direction with'respect to- element 24, the
inwardly of element Strand-has; its ears 58‘:ex'-‘ weighting element will eventually abut seatv 5i]
'mvttending through passages 55,"-56"and.with 'one‘lof -' and .arrest any further outward shift of the
its. vears arranged between ‘ webs 142; 41* and'vits. valves, such as isrshown in Figure‘ 4. When the
in the passagesr55g56', with onereararrangedbe-l
other
50,456 car‘
bear
between
upon’ each-‘other
the ‘webs ~M,andiare'freleasably."
'49 ;' z-rThei elements: parts of the attachment are as shown in; Figure
4, free and even discharge is had for the contents
connected together whenrin- normal= position. ‘ The; of the container.
"ravalve 66¢possesses a characteristict‘to absorb mois-u"
The-contentsare discharged
4
2,137,956
from element 24 through one of the slots 38,
while the other slot 38 is provided for the intake
of air. As shown in Figure 4,-discharge of the‘
contents of the container vis through channel
58 whereby the intake of air is had through chan-.
nel 51.
.
The hollow combined‘ coupling, holding and
spout element of sleeveelike form is set up with
what may be termed an outer part, an inter
10 mediate part and an inner part as indicated at
A, B, and C respectively. The outer part is of
. less diameter than the intermediate part and the
latter is of less diameter than the inner part. In
Figure 1 each of the said parts is of circular con
15 tour exteriorly. It is to be understood that such
element can have'its intermediate part of a dif
ferent outer peripheral contour other than cir
cular and in this connection, attention is directed
to Figures‘ 23 to 38 both inclusive. With refer
20 ence to Figures 23 and 31, the intermediate part
B thereof has its outer periphery of a hexagonal
contour; to Figures 24 and 32 the intermediate
part B has its outer periphery, of octagonal con
tour; to Figures 25 and 33 the intermediate part
25 B has its outer periphery square; to Figures 26
and 34 the outer periphery of the intermediate
part B is of diamond contour in cross section; to
Figures 27 and 35 the intermediate part B’has
its outer periphery of ?uted contour; to Figures
30 28 and 36 the intermediate part B has its outer
periphery of corrugated contour in cross section;
to Figures 29 and 37 the intermediate part B has
its outer periphery of star shape in cross section;
from the inner end of said innerpart, a pair of
oppositely disposed spaced sets of spaced webs.
integral with and lengthwise of aligned portions
of the inner face of said element, said inner part
having its'inner face rabbetted rearwardly' of '
said ribs, an annular sealing gasket for seating on
the outlet of the container and against the inner
end’ of said element, an annular valve seat form
ing member extending into said rabbet and seat—
ing on said gasket, an inner valve coacting with
said valve seat for closing said element to the
container, said valve being arranged between the
inner webs of said sets and slidably con?ned by
the outer webs of said sets, an outer valve for
seating on the inner valve arranged between the
inner webs of said sets and slidably con?ned by 1535
the outer webs of the sets, and a weighting means
for seating on said outer valve arranged between
the inner webs of said sets and slidably con?ned
by the outer webs of the sets. "
2. The invention as set forth in claim 1 having 201';
said inner valve possessing a buoyant character
istic, and said outer valve being non-buoyant.
3. The invention as set forth in claim 1 having
said inner valve formed with a pair of laterally
extending oppositely disposed ears arranged be~ 261:
tween the outer webs of .the said sets, and said .
outer valve with a pair of laterally extending op
positely disposed ears arranged between the outer
webs of said sets of a length to extend into said
30 ‘11
slots when said element is tilted.
4. In a non-re?llable attachment for contain
and to Figures 30 ‘and 38 the intermediate part ' ers, a combined valve housing, air intake and
?uid conducting off element closed at its outer end
B is oval contour on cross section.
Preferably the spout of the combined coupling, and adapted for connection to and for communi 3513:
holding and spout element'will'be .closed by a cation with the container, said element being
cork indicated at 19 and shown in Figure 1', but formed with a solid outer part of substantially
it is to be understood that the spout or outer part rectangular contour, having inwardly beveled
lengthwise edges formed centrally thereof with
40 A of such element may be closed by other suit
beveled projections, an annular inner part of uni
able means such as a cap member of any suitable
form
inner and outer diameters and a hollow V40
form. The spout or outer part being so formed
tapered intermediate part decreasing in inner di
to receive the cap or have means coacting with ameter towards said outer part, the said inter
means on the cap for 'detachably securing the mediate part having one pair of the opposed sides
45 cap in position. In this connection, attention is
thereof formed with flat outer surfaces disposed
directed to Figures 39, 40 and 41 where the spouts at opposite inward inclinations from said inner 45
thereof are indicated at 80, 8| and 82.1 The part to said outer part, said element being formed
spout 80 is of the peripherally ribbed or beaded lengthwise thereof with diametrically opposed
type and the rib or bead thereon is indicated at slots on said inclined surfaces and inner part and
50 '83.
The cap 8| is of the type torhave its outer extending from a point removed from said outer
periphery formed with an annular groove 84 and part‘ to a point removed fromjthe inner end of 50
the spout 82 is peripherally threaded as at 85. said inner part, said element being provided 1
What I claim is:
_
V
lengthwise of aligned portions of its inner face
1.
In
a
non-re?llable
attachment
for
contain
with a pair of oppositely disposed spaced sets of
55
ers and of that type including a combined cou
spaced parallel webs, the outer webs of the sets
pling, holding and spout, member of sleeve-like projecting inwardly beyond the inner Webs of the 55
form adapted to be connected at its inner end to sets, and said element being provided on its inner
the outlet of the container, the combination of a face with a rabbet at the inner ends of said webs.
5. In a non-re?llable attachment for contain~
60 combined valve housing, an intake and ?uid con
ducting oif element closed at its outer end, open ers, a combined valve housing, air intake and ?uid
at its inner end and adapted to be positioned conducting off element closed at its outer end and 60
within, to open into and to have said end thereof adapted for connection to and for communication
abut aligned parts of the inner face of said mem
with- the ‘container, said element being formed
ber,
element being formed of a solid outer with a solid outer part of substantially rectangu
65 part said
of substantially rectangular contour, an an
lar contour, having'inwardly beveled lengthwise
nular inner part of uniform inner and outer edges formed centrally thereof with beveled pro 65
diameters and a hollow intermediate part, said jections, an annular inner part of uniform inner
intermediate part having one pair of the opposed and outer diameters and a hollow tapered inter
sides thereof formed with ?at outer surfaces dis
70 posed at opposite inward inclinations from said mediate part decreasing in inner diameter to
inner part to said outer part, said element being wards said outer part, the said intermediate part
having one pair of the opposed sides thereof
provided lengthwise. thereof diametrically op
posed slots positioned in said inclined surfaces formed with flat outer surfaces disposed at op~
posite inward inclinations from said inner part to
and inner part and extending from a point re
75 moved from said outer part to a point removed said outer part, said element being formed length
wise thereof with diametrically opposed slots on
75-1
2,137,956
said inclined surfaces and inner part and extend
ing from a point removed from said outer part to
a point removed from the inner end of said inner
part, said element being provided lengthwise of
aligned portions of its inner face with a pair of
oppositely disposed spaced sets of spaced parallel
webs, the outer webs of the sets projecting in
wardly beyond the inner webs of the sets, and said
element being provided on its inner face with a
10 rabbet at the inner ends of said webs, each of
said slots having an outer inwardly inclined por
tion and a vertical inner portion.
6. In a non-refillable attachment for contain
ers, a combined valve housing, air intake and
15 ?uid conducting off element closed at its outer
end and adapted for connection to and for com
5
parallel webs, the outer webs of the sets project
ing inwardly beyond the inner webs of the sets,
and said element being provided on its inner face
with a rabbet at the inner ends of said webs, said
webs being arranged on portions of said element
disposed at right angles to the portions of the ele
ment in which the slots are formed.
7. In a non-re?llable attachment for contain
ers, a combined valve housing, air intake and ?uid
conducting off element for connection to the out 10
let of the container, said element being closed
at its outer end and open at its inner end, said
element being formed of a solid substantially rec
tangular outer part having oppositely disposed
curved end edges and inwardly beveled side edges
beveled projections, an annular inner part of uni
form inner and outer diameters and a hollow
formed intermediate their ends with inwardly
beveled projections, an annular inner part of uni
form outer diameter and a tapered intermediate
part substantially of oval contour in horizontal
section extending from said inner part and merg 20
ing into the outer part at the bottoms of the side
edges of the latter and being flush with said end
tapered intermediate part decreasing in inner di
edges, said element being formed lengthwise
ameter towards said outer part, the said inter
thereof with a pair of diametrically opposed slots
arranged in a portion of one pair of opposed sides 25
of said intermediate and inner parts, and said ele
ment being formed lengthwise of said inner face
formed with diametrically opposed spaced sets of
munication with the container, said element being
formed with a solid outer part of substantially
rectangular contour, having inwardly beveled
20 lengthwise edges formed centrally thereof with
25 mediate part having one pair of the opposed sides
thereof formed with ?at outer surfaces disposed
_at opposite inward inclinations from said inner
part to said outer part, said element being formed
lengthwise thereof with diametrically opposed
30 slots on said inclined surfaces and inner part and
extending from a point removed from said outer
part to a point removed from the inner end of said
inner part, said element being provided length
spaced webs arranged at right angles to said slots,
said outer part having its length corresponding to 30
and its width less than the diameter of said inner
part and being formed on its outer face in prox
imity to its ends with shoulders.
wise of aligned portions of its inner face with a
35 pair of oppositely disposed spaced sets of spaced
JACOB W. SCHIEBER.
35
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