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Патент USA US2137976

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NOV. 22, 1938.
-
H_ 5_ HOPKlNs
'
' 2,137,976
AMUSEMENT APPARATUS
Filed Oct. 29, I936
’
INVENTOR.
HARRY STEPHEN HoPKms
I
)9
MAINS.
> BY
- )1
Patented Nov. 22, 1938
UNITED STATES
eaten
tries
2,137,976
AMUSEMENT APPARATUS
Harry Stephen Hopkins, Elmsford, N. Y., assign
or of one-half to Robert Harding, Jr., New
York, N. Y.
Application October 29, 1936, Serial No. 108,167
10 Claims. (01. 273—--102.1)
This invention relates to amusement devices
and especially to games of skill, and has for its
principle object to provide atarget at which a
player may throw a ball or other missile to test
5 his skill and at the same time to vent his feelings
upon some adverse condition or character which
the target is adapted to represent.
v
character or thing particularly despised. The ?g
ure is balanced in an upright position in front of
a box representative of a coffin, and the arrange
ment is such that when the ?gure is struckby a
ball, such as a‘ baseball, or any other object suit- ;_ 5
able for'the purpose, the ?gure will fall into the "
box, whereupon the lid of the box will automati
’
Another object of the invention is to provide an
upright ?gure forming a target at which a ball
cally close and raise a tombstone over the box.
Referring now more speci?cally to the drawing,
a ?gure i0, representing that of a man, is shown . _10
10 or other missile is to be thrown and which, when
struck, will cause the ?gure to fall into a box and
rigidly mounted upon the inside of thefront end
the box to automatically close.
Another object of the invention is to provide
the upright ?gure of a human being in front of
ports at right angles thereto a wooden plate it,
15 an open co?in-like box and so balanced that when
struck by a ball or other missile the ?gure will
fall into the box and the box will close, simulat
ing a co?in ready for burial.
Another object of the invention is to provide
20 either hand operated or power operated means
in an apparatus as already mentioned to return
I! of a coffin-like box l2, the lid [3 of which sup
preferably in the shape of a tombstone with suit
able insignia upon it. The front end I l is prefer- xl5
ably hinged to the bottom l5 of the box by means ‘
of the hinges I6, so that it may swing forward,
thus opening the end of the box. The lid is is
preferably hinged to the side H by pin hinges l8,
and the bottom, sides, and opposite end ofthebox 20
are also preferably put together by pin hinges,
the ?gure again to normal upright position after
screws or bolts to facilitate ready assembling and
it has been knocked down.
Still another object of the invention is to pro
25 vide an apparatus of the class described in which
the lighting effect upon the apparatus is auto
disassembling of the box.
I preferably construct the ?gure ill of a body
matically changed when the ?gure is struck and
falls into the box, thus attracting attention to
portion 19 which may include a plurality of v 25
braces 26 and 2|, extending from front to rear '
of the ?gure, the ?rst about midway up of the .
body portion and the second near the bottom
the apparatus and adding to the amusement of ' thereof. In order to give thev ?gure rigid support .
upon the front end I l of the box l2, I may provide 30
‘.30 the players.
a pair of wooden uprights 22- and 23 for each leg '
Other objects of the invention and those re
lating particularly to the method of constructing which extend up into the body of the ?gure and
and assembling the various parts will be apparent the lower ends of which may be bolted by bolts 24
to two blocks 25 which may be rigidly fastened in
as the description of the invention proceeds.
spaced relation to the inner surface of the end 35
35
The invention is illustrated in the accompany
"
ing drawing, in which: ~
'
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of one form of the
complete apparatus with the ?gure in the upright
‘position ready to be struck by a ball;
40
Fig. 2 is a sectional elevational view of the ap
paratus taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a sectional side elevational View of
H of the box, as indicated.
The leg members 22 "
and 23 may also be bolted by bolts 2'6 ‘to the
upper cross brace 28, the forward uprights 22 be
ing extended beyond the brace 29 to be bolted by
bolt 21 to the lower end of the neck 28, which may , 40
be arranged to ?t closely into the top of the body‘ "
portion l9, as indicated at 29. Inasmuch as the
the forward portion of the apparatus showing the head 30 of the ?gure is intended to be struck by
i the ball, I'prefer to‘ construct it of wood or other
?gure being raised to its upright position;
45
Fig; 4 is a sectional front elevational view of the
rope guiding channels taken on the line 4--4 of
hard material, and to make it integral with the v 45
Fig. 3; and
neck.
Any desired
, clothing maybe provided for the
?gure, as for instance, the pants 3!, the coat 32,
.
Fig. 5 is a plan view of the forward portion
of the apparatus illustrating a modi?ed form of
50 the ?gure restoring mechanism.
Broadly the invention comprises an upright ?g
ure which may be made to represent some char
acterization particularly obnoxious to the persons
‘playing the game, such as “Old man depression”,
{55 “Old man gloom”, or any public enemy or other
the hat 33, and the shoes 34.
These latter may
be shells of papier-maché simulating shoes and! 50
placed around the blocks 25, or old shoes may be
'
used which have been split down the center and
part of the soles removed to ?t around the blocks
25.
In order to insure the falling of the ?gure when , 5,5
'2
2,187,976
it is struck in the face with a ball, I prefer to
balance it in the upright position so that the im
pact of a ball against the face will be sufficient
to cause the ?gure to fall backward. To this end
I mount the ?gure near the edge of the front
end of the box and I provide a long weak spring
35 which I preferably attach to the rear end of
the brace 2| while its other end is preferably
anchored to the bottom l5 of the box at a point
10 near the front end by means of the screw eye or
hook 36. When the ?gure is in the reclining
position the spring 35 is collapsed underneath
the ?gure, but when the ?gure is raised the ten
sion of the spring is just sufficient to balance the
weight of the ?gure and the end of the box which
15
forms the platform upon which it stands.
When the ?gure falls into the box it is desired
to close the lid l3 and raise .the tombstone l4.
To this end a strap 31 is preferably suspended be
tween the side 38 of the box near its edge and
20
the lid l3 near its edge in such a manner as to
"30
be struck by the shoulders of the ?gure as it
falls into the box. As will be evident, the ef
fect of this strap is to pull the lid down to cover
the box when the ?gure strikes it. I also prefer
ably provide along the top edge of the side 38 a
plurality of resilient elements 39 to cushion the
fall of the lid and prevent too loud slamming
thereof. These elements may be made of springs
or rubber, and may be set into holes in the edge.
In an amusement apparatus of this nature it
may be desirable to stand at some little distance
from the apparatus, as, for instance, about twen
ty-?ve feet, and to permit the operator to open
the box and raise the ?gure from this position.
For this purpose the apparatus may be operated
by ropes which may run in a suitable guide box
46. I may provide two ropes 4| and 42 for this
purpose, and the guide box maybe provided with
two compartments or channels 43 and 44, one for
40 each rope. The guide box may comprise a base
board 45, two sides 46 and 41 and a cover board
48 wlL'ch may be hinged at one end to facilitate
the insertion of the ropes. A partition 49 may be
provided in the center to keep the ropes separate
The rear end of the guide
box may be secured to the bottom of the box
|2 at approximately the center thereof, while the
45 and prevent tangling.
the side I’! near the rear end of the box. At
this point I may provide a post 66 which may
be secured in an upright position to the side I‘!
of the box and may be spaced slightly therefrom
by a spacer 6| .
The post 60 may be high enough
to come just below the top edge of the lid I3
when the lid is raised, and it may have a pulley
62 at the upper end and a pulley 63 at the lower
end, the latter being set at an angle to receive 10
the rope 42. The rope may pass through the
pulley 63, up the post, through the pulley 62, to
the lid, to which it may be attached by means
of the screw eye or hook 64. When the rope 42
is pulled the lid I3 is raised, the weight of the
tombstone plate M keeping it in the raised posi
tion.
In order to cushion the fall of the ?gure and
prevent injury to it I preferably provide a cush
ion 65 within the box which may be of any suit
able thickness and provided with springs or not,
as desired. This cushion may be positioned to
and shoulders of the ?gure.
In operation the apparatus is set up in a con- ,
venient location so that persons playing the game
may stand about twenty-?ve feet from the ?gure.
While the ?gure may be struck anywhere, Ipre
fer to have it fall into the box when struck in the
face or head, and hence I may provide a net .66 I30
which I may string up in front of the ?gure at
such a height that unless the ball is aimed di
rectly at the face it will not clear the net. I also
preferably provide some means to hide the tomb
stone when the ?gure is in the upright position, ,
and a tree 61, either real or arti?cial, or any
other article or piece of scenery, may be posi
tioned at the side of the box in front of the
tombstone, as indicated in the drawing of Fig. 1.
I may also prefer to hide the tackle arrangement
in the front of the box when the box is closed,
and for this purpose another small arti?cial tree
68, or other object may be placed, as indicated
in Fig. 3, upon the guide box 46 or near it, as
desired.
-
With the ?gure in the upright position the 45
players start to throw balls at the face. Those
striking the net fall down and do nothing, ‘but
when one strikes the face or head the ?gure
vided with two pulleys 5| and 52 through which
falls backward, pulled by the spring 35 as soon
The forward ends of
these ropes may have handles 4|’ and 4.2’ at
tached to them by which the ropes maybe pulled.
The corners of the box may be supported upon
blocks 46' to raise it to the level of the top of the
55 guide box 40.
'
The rope 4| may be used solely to pull the
front end | | of the box forward to its .open posi
tion, thus raising the ?gure, and to this end a
tackle may be used comprising two single pulleys
60 53 and 54 attached by means of screw eyes or
hooks 55 and 56, to the bottom 45 within the
compartment 43 and in spaced relation beneath
the end H of the box, and a double pulley 51
attached to the outer edge of the end | I by means'
65 (‘of the screw eye or hook 58. The rope 4| may
pass under the pulley 53, up over one side of
the double pulley 51, down under the pulley 54',
up over the other side of the double pulley 51
and down to the bottom ‘of the guide box again
70 where it may besecured to the screw eye or hook
59.
'
The rope 42 may be used solely to raise the
lid |3 of the box, and to this end the compart
ment 44 of the guide box may be extended at an
20
wards the rear of the box so as to receive the head
forward end may terminate at a board 50 pro
50 the ropes 4| and 42 pass.
75
angle from the front of the box l2 to a point at
as it is overbalanced.
As it falls into the box 50
it strikes the strap 31 and pulls the lid of the
box down to close the box, whereupon the tomb
stone af?xed to the lid comesinto view to clearly
indicate to the assembled players that the ?gure
has been properly buried. By grasping the han 55
dles 4|’ and 42’, one in each hand, the operator
may then raise the lid and the ?gure to their
upright positions and the apparatus is then ready
for another player to try his skill.
In order to increase the effectiveness of the
apparatus I may prefer to change the lighting
simultaneously with the .closing ‘of the box. As
an illustration of one way which may be found
successful for accomplishing this purpose, in vFig. ,
l I have shown a spotlight 6.9 which may be
connected through a switch 10 to the electric
lighting mains. The switch 76 may be positioned
in such a manner that a lever '|| protruding from
the side thereof is engaged by the end 1| of
the box when it is in its open position. When
the lever is thus depressed by the end ‘of the
box the switch will be open and the light will
not be lit. When, however, the ?gure is struck
by a ball and falls into the box the lever 1|
2,137,970
will be released and the switch 'closed, thus en
ergizing the spotlight and directing light upon
the box and especially illuminating the tomb
knocked down when struck by a missile, means
to receive said target when it is so knocked down,
stone to attract attention thereto. The turning
on and off of the light as the ?gure 'is struck
pendent of said target to maintain said cover in
its open position when said target is in its upright
position, means to automatically release said last
by-a ball and raised again into striking position
_ also aids in attracting the crowd to this par
ticular game or amusement as it may be seen
from a considerable distance.
10
p 3
‘
~
In'the arrangement of Fig. l I‘ have illus
tr’ated hand operated means for raising the ?g
ure to the upright position and opening the lid
a cover for said receiving means, means inde
mentioned means so as to close said cover and
conceal said target from view after it has been
received by said receiving means, and means to
simultaneously raise said cover to its open posi 10
tion and said target to its balanced upright
position.
'
3. An amusement device comprising a coffin
of the box. I may prefer, however, to use power
operated means to accomplish this purpose. In
like box, a ?gure, means to position said ?gure in
15 Fig. 5 I have shown one form of such a means.
The ropes 4! and 42 in‘this modi?cation are
wound upon two drums 12 and 13 which may
whereby it may be knocked over into said box
when struck by a missile, means to automatically
be mounted upon the shaft 14 of a motor 15
which may be mounted upon the platform 18,
20 preferably attached to the end of the guide box
48.
The motor ‘I5 may be connected in series
with switches 11 and 18 to the power mains in
dicated at 15.
The switch 11 may have a lever
80 arranged to be depressed when the lid- H
25 of the box 12 is in its open position.
When so
depressed the switch is open and the motor will
not be energized. The second switch 18 may
have a reverse action so that it remains open
until manually closed. When the box is closed
30 the switch 11 is in contact. Hence by manually
depressing the switch 18 the motor will be en
ergized and will start to rotate. As the drum
‘I2 is made larger in diameter than the drum
13 it will wind the rope 4i faster than the rope
35 42 which will compensate for the difference in
length of these ropes as taken up in the tackle
arrangement at the rear end of the rope 4|. The
box will open and the ?gure will be raised to
the upright position, whereupon the end II will
40 depress the lever 80, thus opening the circuit and
turning off the motor. The operator will then
remove his hand from the switch 18 and the
motor can then not be started again until the
box has been closed and the switch 18 again
45 depressed.
From the above it will be seen that I have
provided an amusement device which combines
a game of skill with an opportunity to vent the
player’s wrath upon some object or thing which
50 characterizes some thing particularly obnoxious
or distasteful to him. The apparatus is rather
simple to construct and easy to assemble and
lends itself particularly to portability for carni
val use. The various features of the invention
55 may be subject to considerable change without
departing from the spirit thereof, and I do not
therefore desire to limit myself to what has been
shown and described except as such limitations
are included in the appended claims.
What I desire to claim is:
1. An amusement device comprising a ?gure,
means to maintain the ?gure in a state of balance
in an upright position whereby it may be knocked
out of balance when struck by a missile, means
to receive said ?gure when it is so knocked out of
balance, a cover for said receiving means, means
independent of said ?gure to maintain said cover
in an open position when said ?gure is in its
raised position, and means to automatically re
70 lease said last mentioned means so as to close
said cover and conceal said ?gure from view after
it has been received.
.
2. An amusement device comprising a target,
means to maintain said target in a state of bal
75 ance in an upright position whereby it may be
a balanced upright posture in front of said box 15
close the lid of said box when said ?gure falls
into it, and means simulating a tombstone at
tached to said lid so as to stand in an upright 20
position when said lid is closed.
4. An amusement device comprising a coffin
like box having a lid hinged on one side thereof,
a ?gure, means to maintain said ?gure in a
balanced upright position in front of said box 25
whereby said ?gure will fall into said box when
struck by a missile, means simulating a tomb
stone attached to said lid so as to stand in up
right position when said lid is closed, means to
automatically close said lid when said ?gure falls 30
into said box, and means to open said box and
raise said ?gure to balanced upright position.
5. An amusement device comprising a co?in
like box having a lid hinged on one side thereof,
a ?gure, means to maintain said ?gure in a 35
balanced upright position in front of said box
whereby said ?gure will fall into said box when
struck by a missile, means simulating a tomb
stone attached to said lid so as to stand in an
upright position when said lid is closed and to
hold said lid in its open position by its weight,
means to automatically close said lid when said
?gure falls into said box, means to open said lid
and raise said ?gure to its upright balanced posi
tion, and means to conceal said tombstone simu 45
lating means when said lid is open.
'
6. An amusement device comprising a box, a
cover for said box hinged to one side thereof, an
other side of said box being hinged to the bottom
thereof and adapted to swing outwardly to ap
proach the plane of said bottom, a ?gure mount
50
ed on said last mentioned side‘ and adapted to
stand upright when said side is opened out and to
lie within the box when said side is in its proper
position, means to maintain said ?gure in its up 55
right position whereby it may be caused to fall
into said box by a blow against it, and means
whereby said lid is automatically closed when
said ?gure falls into said box.
7. An amusement device comprising a box, a
cover for said box hinged to one side thereof,
another side of said box being hinged to the
bottom thereof and adapted to swing outwardly
to approach the plane of said bottom, a ?gure
mounted on said last mentioned side and adapted 65
to stand upright when said side is opened out and
to lie within the box when said side is in its
proper position, means to maintain said ?gure in
its upright position whereby it may be caused to
fall into said box by a blow against it, means 70
whereby said lid is automatically closed when
said ?gure falls into said box, and meansmpen
said lid and raise said ?gure to its upright posi
tion.
8. An amusement device comprising a box, a 75
4
2, 1:37,97 6
cover for said box hinged to one side thereof, a-ne
other sideof said box being hinged to the bottom
thereof and‘ adapted to swing outwardly to- ap
proach the plane of'said bottom, a‘?g‘ure mounted
Cl on said- last mentioned side‘ and adapted to stand
upright when said side is opened out and to- lie
within the box when said side is in its proper
position, means to maintain said ?gure in‘ its-up
right position whereby it may be caused to fall
10 intosaid box by a blow against it, meanswhereby
said lid is automatically closed when said ?gure
falls into said box, and a plate resembling a tomb
stone mounted upon said lid.
9. An amusement device comprising a. box, a
15 cover for said box hinged to‘one side thereof, an
other side of said box being hinged to the bottom
thereof and adapted to swing outwardly to ap
proach the plane of said bottom, a ?gure mount
ed on said last mentioned side and‘ adapted to
20 stand upright when said side is- opened out and to
lie within the box when saidv side is in its proper
position, means to- maintain said ?gure in its up
right position whereby it may be caused to fall
into said box by a blow against it, means whereby
said- lid is automatically closed when said ?gure
falls into- said box, a plate resembling a- tomb
stone mounted upon said lid, and, means to- con
ceal- the tombstone.
10-. Any. amusement device comprising a box, a
cover for said box hinged to one side thereof,
another side of said box being hinged to the bot
tom thereof and adapted: to swing outwardly to
approach the plane of said bottom, a ?gure 10
mounted onsaid last mentioned side and adapted
to stand upright when said side-is opened out and
to lie within the box when said side’ is in its
proper position, means to maintain said ?gure
in its upright position whereby it may» be: caused 15
to fall into said box by a blow against it, means
whereby said lid is automatically closed when
said ?gure falls into said box, a plate resembling
a tombstone mounted upon said lid, means to
conceal, the tombstone, and means- to open, said 20
lid and raise said‘ ?gure to- its uprightposition.
HARRY STEPHEN HOPKINS.
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